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Thomas G. ALLEN


Hydrautomat






In its time ( 1922-1925 ), this was considered to be one of the greatest inventions ever, but for reasons unknown got lost since then
.
Here it is again.
Recently replicated & improved by Michael Sipos.




youtube.com

Michael Sipos' Replication

( BlueJersey112 )/YouTube Videos


http://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/LightTech/conversations/topics/8

LightTech Yahoo Groups Conversation on the Hydrautomat

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PzPTc0qE0nM

Overview of the Hydrautomat - This is a walking through all of the components of the Hydrautomat, as well as how it functions.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uhm22kxHhd8

The Hydrautomat In Operation

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ggKXpf6quDo&list=PLlgtRSOlA7_W5h5-KqhXdZQ28oXtRxppk&index=1

( 1) Make Your Own Hydrautomat - Intro ( 4 MB FLV )

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sTdZfvD0c_A&list=PLlgtRSOlA7_W5h5-KqhXdZQ28oXtRxppk&index=2

( 2 ) Make Your Own Hydrautomat - History ( 10 MB FLV ) -- This video provides some background information to what I used to do in constructing the Hydrautomat. And some of the changes that will be done with the new Hydrautomat

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=15ayQfOo60g&list=PLlgtRSOlA7_W5h5-KqhXdZQ28oXtRxppk&index=3

( 3 ) Make Your Own Hydrautomat - Operation of Hydrautomat ( 74 MB FLV ) -- In this part of the series: I describe how the Hydrautomat works in both Theory and Practice. …

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c8SWML0t4Mk&list=PLlgtRSOlA7_W5h5-KqhXdZQ28oXtRxppk&index=4

( 4 ) Make Your Own Hydrautomat - Fittings ( 37 MB FLV ) -- This video is a tale of two methods on how to screw a barb fitting into a plastic bulkhead fitting, WITHOUT damaging/destroying the threads of the plastic fitting.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xq5gFOGjeuY&list=PLlgtRSOlA7_W5h5-KqhXdZQ28oXtRxppk&index=5

( 5 ) Make Your Own Hydrautomat - Components In Brief ( 17 MB FLV ) -- This is a brief description of what each component (tank) looks like and where the holes (for the fittings) are drilled on the components.…

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vSy9u-6pKxE&list=PLlgtRSOlA7_W5h5-KqhXdZQ28oXtRxppk&index=6

( 6 ) Make Your Own Hydrautomat - Operating Tank ( 11 MB FLV ) -- The Operating Tank is the "workhorse" of the Hydrautomat. It's essentially a fluidic piston that pushes and pulls on the air in the Stage 1 and Stage 2 tanks.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H-WdPrZggJY&list=PLlgtRSOlA7_W5h5-KqhXdZQ28oXtRxppk

( 7 ) Make Your Own Hydrautomat - Feed Tank ( 18 MB FLV ) -- The Feed Tank is preferably a large wide container that is left open (not in a vacuum). Depending on what you're using the Hydrautomat for: An automatic water feeder or float valve can be installed to prevent the tank from overflowing.…
    
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gc1-1Qz2cZw&list=PLlgtRSOlA7_W5h5-KqhXdZQ28oXtRxppk&index=8

( 8 ) Make Your Own Hydrautomat - Drain Tank ( 51 MB FLV ) -- This is the most complicated component in the whole Hydrautomat setup: The Drain Tank.…

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0s0bAwlo_DU&list=PLlgtRSOlA7_W5h5-KqhXdZQ28oXtRxppk&index=9

( 9 ) How To Make Your Own Hydrautomat - Assembly ( 15 MB FLV ) -- Now for some final tips for putting together the Hydrautomat -…






http://www.old-print.com/mas_assets/full2/M2061922/M2061922254.jpg





Popular Science ( 22 December 1922 )

Marvelous "Water Staircase" Lifts Stream 20 Feet

Serious problems of irrigation and rural water supply may shortly be solved by an extraordinary apparatus recently perfected in England, which automatically raises 14 gallons of water from a stream to a height of 20 feet in a little less than 3 minutes, without the use of pumps or any source of power other than what nature furnishes. This device, seems at first glance something like perpetual motion applied to water, and called by its inventor, T.G. Allen, a "hydrautomat", or "water staircase", is hailed by engineers as marvelously ingenious. It is an extraordinary improvement on the hydraulic ram commonly used.

Two Energy Sources Used

In all the centuries in which men have attempted to make nature serve them through two sources of energy -- the weight of water and atmospheric pressure -- no such radical invention has been recorded.

Using these two forces, the experimental "water staircase" -- erected near London -- is said to operate with extraordinary efficiency. It consists of an alternating series of open and closed tanks, one above the other, the action of which is to use the energy of a quantity of water at a given level to raise a smaller quantity of water to a higher level.

The stream from which the power is derived, empties into an open intake tank located 7-1/2 feet above the lowest level of the device. Thus there is an available fall of 7-1/2 feet from the upper level of the stream, which may be termed the head race, to the lower level, or tail race. Half way between the upper and lower levels is an airtight operating chamber, supplied with an intake pipe from the head race, and a discharge pipe to the tail race. Above the upper water level is the alternating series of closed and open tanks. These tanks are interconnected by pipes. In addition, the closed tanks are coupled to the operating chamber by an air pipe.

Operation of the "water stairway" is confined to two strokes -- a pressure stroke followed by a suction stroke. The pressure is created by the water column flowing from the open supply basin just below the surface of the head race into the airtight operating chamber.

The effect of this water flow is to compress the air in the operating chamber and to force it upward through the air pipe into the two closed and water-filled tanks. Immediately the water in these tanks, lifted by the preceding stroke, is forced upward into the two open tanks above them.

Thus at the end of the pressure stroke, the operating chamber and the two open tanks are full of water, while the two closed tanks are full of air.

How the Water "Climbs"

Inthe suction stroke the contents of the operating chamber are discharged downward into the tail race, or discharge pipe, through a siphon, and at the same time the inlet from the head race into the operating chamber is automatically closed. This is accomplished by a valve actuated by the rush of water out of the discharge pipe. In the operating chamber is thus produced a vacuum that also extends to the two closed tanks, by virtue of the connecting pipe.

the result of this vacuum is that it sucks up the water "one flight" from the corresponding tank below. Thus at the end of the suction stroke, the open tanks are empty of water and the closed tanks are full. The valve in the head race inlet then opens automatically, pressured water is admitted into the operating chamber, a new stroke starts, and the cycle is repeated.







http://books.google.com/books/about/The_Allen_Hydrautomat_Water_Self_raiser.html?id=xabTtgAACAAJ

The Allen 'Hydrautomat' Water Self-raiser

Author    Oliver Lodge (Sir)
Publisher    Morland Press, 1922
Length    31 pages

"I can only express my admiration of the simplicity and beauty of the invention, and my wonder that humanity has had to wait so long for the construction of an arrangement which must prove of the greatest service." -- Sir Oliver Lodge


 
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v111/n2783/abs/111306b0.html
Nature 111, 306-306 (03 March 1923) | doi:10.1038/111306b0

The Hydrautomat

THE problem of raising a small quantity of water to a considerable height by utilising the energy of a larger mass of water has been solved in a number of ways. In the seventeenth century, the City of London was supplied with water pumped from the Thames by means of a reciprocating pump, driven by a crank which was made to rotate by a water-wheel turned by the flow of the river. The “hydraulic ram “is a device that has been successfully used, and recently there has been developed a device, the hydrautomat, which utilises the pressure of the atmosphere to lift water...



trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/16081112?
The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW)
17 July 1923

WATER-RAISING : THE HYDRAUTOMAT -- AN IMPORTANT INVENTION

There is Installed in an office In Washington, U.S.A., a working model of what is described as one of the world's greatest engineering devices. It Is called the hydrautomat and is literally a water-self-worker, which makes it possible for flowing water to raise itself from one level to another. Many engineers assort that the invention "will solve the great problems of providing a continuous water supply for arid areas, and Sir Oliver Lodge says of the hydrautomat: "I can only express my admiration of the simplicity and beauty of the invention, and my wonder that humanity has had to wait so long for the construction of an arrangement which must prove of the greatest service."

The inventor is Mr. Thomas Gaskell Allen, a well-known London hydraulic engineer. The invention attracted tho attention of the United States Government Department of Weights and Measures, and it was at the request of that department that Mr. Allon set up the working model in Washington. The model is only three feet in diameter and eight feet in height, but it is capable, on actual working experiment, of raising more than 70,000 gallons of water daily. Mr. Francis Arnold Collins describes the working of the model in the "St. Nicholas" magazine (an American publication) for June. He states that by means of the hydrautomat water is raised automatically to any desired level, silently and efficiently. A stream whose head or flow is so sluggish that it cannot be used in any other way can thus be utilised. The contrivance is self-contained, and, once set up beside a stream or within reach of running water, will operate without attention. It is really an engine in which the force of the running water and the pressure of the air work alternately to develop power without the assistance of human hands.

The stream from which the power is derived empties into an open intake tank located 7.5 feet above the lowest level of the device. Thus there is an available fall of 7.5 feet from the upper level of the stream, which may be termed the head race, to the lower level, or tail race. Half-way between the upper and lower levels is an air-tight operating chamber, supplied with an intake pipe from the head race, and a discharge pipe to the tail race. Above the upper water level is the alternating series of closed and open tanks. These tanks are interconnected by pipes. In addition, the closed tanks are coupled to the operating chamber by an air pipe.

Operation of the "water stairway" is confined to two strokes -- a pressure stroke followed by a suction stroke. The pressure is created by the water column flowing from tho open supply basin just below the level of the head race into the air-tight operating chamber.    

The effect of this water flow is to compress the air in the operating chamber and to force it upward through the air pipe into the two closed and water filled tanks. Immediately the water in these tanks, lifted there by the preceding stroke, is forced upward into the two open tanks above them.

Thus, at the end of the pressure stroke, the operating chamber and the two open tanks are full of water, while the two closed tanks are full of air. In the suction stroke the contents of the operating chamber, are discharged downward into the tall race, or discharge pipe, through a syphon, and at the same time the inlet from the head race into the operating chamber is automatically closed. This is accomplished by a valve actuated by the rush of water out of the discharge pipe. In the operating chamber is thus produced a vacuum that also extends to the two closed tanks, by virtue of the connecting pipe.

The result of this vacuum is that it sucks up the water "one flight" from the corresponding open tank below. Thus, at the end of the suction stroke, the open tanks are empty of water and tho closed tanks are full. The valve in the head race inlet then opens automatically, pressure water is admitted into the operating chamber, a new pressure stroke starts, and the cycle is repeated.

During his recent visit to America Mr. Allen explained to Mr. Collins the great service the hydrautomat promises to perform the world over. "The hydrautomat," he said, "simply harnesses a great force of nature which we have allowed in the past to go to waste. Men have been watching the movements of water on the earth for untold centuries, and accepting this great waste as a matter of course. The water is raised by the power of the sun and deposited in the form of snow or rain over the earth, and gradually flows back to the sea. The power which thus goes to waste is enormous.

"The ancients studied this problem and speculated upon it a great deal. Archimedes hit upon a highly ingenious device for raising water above its own level, and his method is still employed, but he did not solve the problem. It is obvious, of course, that this enormous store of energy has lain idle all these centuries. Take a familiar example it is estimated that in so small a stream as the River Thames some 700,000 gallons of water pass a given point every day, even in the dry season, all going to waste. A series  of hydrautomats tapping this source could pump water to any part of London. Every city which lies beside a flowing river neglects a similar opportunity.

"Throughout the world today there are millions of acres of land which only need water to become highly productive. Millions of people could find beautiful and prosperous homes on what is now waste land if only the water supply can be solved. In most instances these arid regions, even the great deserts, could be transformed if water in the general vicinity could be raised only a few feet.

"The hydrautomat must not be confused with the turbine. It merely raises water to a higher level, while the turbine catches -falling water, so to speak, and transforms its energy into electricity. The hydrautomat, however, can first raise water which, when released, will pass through turbines and develop power and electricity, which can be carried for long distances. Many engineers are confident that the hydrautomat can be used to utilise the power of the tides, thus tapping practically a limitless source of energy.



http://books.google.com/books?id=qGIfAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA601&lpg=PA601&dq=Allen+hydrautomat&source=bl&ots=ERncUG6kgp&sig=r5lMSH0CdaarAkHNL_niKgFhXuQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=gM3dUbyYMqPKigK674CYBA&ved=0CE8Q6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=Allen%20hydrautomat&f=false
Mechanical engineering. Vol 44, p. 601 ( 1922 )

Diagram Showing the General Principle of the Allen Hydrautomat





http://books.google.com/books?id=cdohAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA166&lpg=PA166&dq=Allen+hydrautomat&source=bl&ots=HOd9k8EyF5&sig=GF7QGl2KVXulz5teiTrh3EJxolI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=gM3dUbyYMqPKigK674CYBA&ved=0CFEQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=Allen%20hydrautomat&f=false

Popular Science Monthly - Volume 101







http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014689/1922-07-21/ed-1/seq-8/
The Maui news., July 21, 1922, Page EIGHT





http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=HNS19220905.2.56
Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XLII, 5 September 1922, Page 6





books.google.com/books?id=cdohAQAAMAAJ
The Popular Science Monthly - Volume 101 - Page 192

..So epochal is his invention that Mr. Allen has been invited by the United States ... to demonstrate it in Washington, D. C. Engineers declare that the hydrautomat...
    


books.google.com/books?id=U1M2AQAAMAAJ
Engineering Production - Volume 5 - Page 20

Inventor of “Water Staircase” THOMAS GASKELL ALLEN, who, though he ... of the greatest inventions of all time — the hydrautomat — which, by joint application of ...



US Patent 1597664
SYSTEM OF RAISING LIQUID

[ PDF ]







http://www.energeticforum.com/234441-post58.html

Hi gsmsslsb.
I am a long way from completing my study of this pump, it seems patience is not a possibility here on the forums, so here is version 1. This is without optimization or pressure values, to be honest it still needs to be completed as this will only give you a basic geometry of its operation. regards Arto






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