Michael AXFORD
Electromagnetic Piston Motor

Windsor inventor says new motor will solve fuel crisis
A former Chrysler Canada worker has designed and patented what he says is the "perfect solution" to the gasoline crisis -- an electromagnetic piston motor that will eliminate our dependence on oil and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Michael Axford, who holds a Mexican patent on the invention and is in the process of acquiring another in Canada, said his invention eliminates gas tanks, fuel lines and a vehicle's exhaust system, while retaining all the remaining service parts.

"You just turn the key and away you go," said Axford. "A centre spool in the cylinder head is wrapped with copper coils. When a driver turns the key, the battery sends voltage to the coil -- which then becomes an electromagnet -- instead of to the spark plugs and the magnet drives the pistons."

Axford acknowledges there are similar products in various stages of development, but says only his uses magnets of identical polarity so that the pistons are driven down into the cylinders with a pulse of magnetic energy. The pistons travel just 31/2 inches and Axford said the electromotive force is sufficient to drive them all the way through the cylinder.

"And mine just uses a repelling motion to drive the pistons rather than a combination of repelling and attraction," which often causes problems in the delivery of power, said Axford.

"Electromagnets are strong enough to pull trains, so there's no issue with them being strong enough to drive the pistons," said Axford, who has been working on his project since he took a buyout from Chrysler 15 months ago.

Axford said "it should perform identically to existing engines. It will idle at 500 r.p.m. so once the gear is engaged, you'll have immediate roll. It won't react with a delay and a jerky motion like a golf cart.

"All the blocks used in this engine will be aluminum so they're not magnetic and the cylinder head and the electromagnets will have a protective cover so they don't affect the vehicle's electronic systems," said Axford.

"And because the system pulses just like a sparkplug, there's no constant drain on the battery."

Axford now plans to retro-fit a motor from a Saturn once he takes delivery of some magnetic discs from a manufacturer in China. When the retrofitted prototype is complete, Axford said he'll be in a position to stage demonstrations and plans to drive the vehicle across Canada to prove its reliability


Also published as: CA2656739
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The piston electromagnetic motor uses the mechanical advantage of the internal combustion motors design and applies an electromagnetic driving system. The novelty of my motor is that instead of igniting a mixture of fuel/air above the piston, I use an electromagnetic force of equal intensity activated by coils, above the pistons to drive their movement. The pistons are manufactured with a permanent magnetic disk fixed on the piston's face. My new driving mechanism is bolted to the block. The new driving mechanism houses the electromagnetic assemblies. There is an assembly for every piston and it is situated directly on the piston concentrically with the cylinder hole. The current in the coils creates a discharge of powerful electromagnetic energy. The polarity of the piston's face and the electromagnet must be the same. The two forces are opposite and the fixed electromagnet will repel the movable piston driving it inside its cylinder. The electromagnetic energy becomes the driving force of the motor pistons.

Toroidal Inductance Generator

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The Toroidal Inductance Generator is a machine that creates electrical energy by orbiting three fields of multiple magnets inside and around, a copper wire toroidal coil. The toroidal generator is comprised of a copper wire wound toroidal coil, with a vessel core, containing a plurality of free moving rare earth magnets sealed inside the vessel core assembly. A magnetic shroud is affixed to the protruding shaft of an existing rotary means. This magnetic shroud and rotary means are concentrically positioned to rotate a plurality of magnets immediately adjacent to both the outside and the inside diameter of the toroidal coil. The vector fields of the shroud magnets overlap and interact with the vector fields of the magnets sealed inside the copper wire toroidal core. The internal magnets are caused to follow the rotating field from the applied external coercive magnetic force. The three combined orbits all contribute to the generation of electricity within the copper wire toroidal.

[0001] The invention I am describing is an electricity generating machine (FIG. 22&23). The machine induces electricity by moving magnets (7&8) around and within a copper wire toroidal coil (1). My invention uses three orbiting magnetic fields to induce electricity in a copper wire toroidal coil (1). Two of the orbiting fields are external and one of the fields is internal. The internal magnetic field is contrived of, a plurality of permanent rare earth magnets (9), sealed inside a hollow toroidal vessel core (3&4). The internal magnets (9) are caused to move by an applied external magnetic force. Said external force is applied by magnets (7&8), housed externally adjacent to the toroidal coil (1) in a rotatable shroud (2). The shroud (2) configures magnets (7&8) concentrically, immediately adjacent to the inner and outer diameters of the copper toroidal coil (1).

[0002] The magnetic fields of the shroud mounted magnets (7&8), permeates the walls of the toroidal vessel core (3&4), copper wire windings (1), and air gap, to overlap and interact with the magnetic fields of the internal magnets (9). The exchange of magnetic field energy simultaneously occurs increasing the field dynamics between the internal and external magnetic fields. The shroud (2) is affixed at the hub to a protruding shaft belonging to an existing rotary motor. When the motor is operating, the shroud (2) affixed to the shaft, rotates a plurality of magnets (7&8) immediately adjacent to the perimeters of the copper toroidal coil (1). The result is induced electricity in the copper wire coil (1). The permanent magnets (9) within the toroidal copper coil core (3&4), whose movement is coerced by the external magnetic fields, induce electricity in the surrounding copper wire toroidal (1). The combination of three orbiting magnetic fields inducing current in the copper wire is an effective method of generating electricity.


[0003] It was necessary to discover an electrical source great enough to run my electromagnetic piston motor, without putting an additional load on the crankshaft. To solve those energy needs I examined the construction of a common alternator to see if there was any way of increasing its efficiency. My other project uses permanent rare earth magnets and I accidentally discovered a unique method of moving magnets inside a coil using an external magnetic force. After reverse engineering a standard alternator I knew I could combine the technologies and make a generator powerful enough to suit my needs.

[0004] I designed my induction generator to have a set of magnets rotating inside the copper coil, as well as two sets outside. This will generate a substantial amount of current. A toroidal by design is a very efficient shape for a coil so I used it. The form used to shape the winding is a low ferrite toroidal vessel. Copper wire is wound as many times around the toroidal vessel as dimensionally feasible. It can use more wire than any alternator by design. The magnets inside the coil are free to rotate inside the vessel but are held equidistant by a brace to avoid bunching up.

[0005] All the internal magnets rotate together at equidistance, in alignment with the external magnets. The magnets sealed inside the coil cannot be moved by any external mechanical means, so magnets were seen as a method of facilitating that movement. By natural law, the overlapping of the opposite magnetic fields, and close proximity of the magnetic sources increases the strength of the interacting fields. This creates a greater induction effect than a standard alternator. I have claimed use of the Schulman frequency pulsed through a separate surrounding wire to further increase the inductive effectiveness. Said effectiveness has not been measured or estimated.


[0006] My invention is an electrical generator machine, capable of providing an abundance of electricity from the orbiting of magnetic fields inside and outside of a copper wire toroidal. The generators will be manufactured in various output strengths and sizes. A home sized unit will be dimensioned to fit into all homes through the door. The generator will be installed by a licensed electrician, after it's positioned in close proximity to the existing electrical panel in your home. The electrician will disconnect you from your existing supplier's grid. Two 12 volt batteries must be fully charged and positioned next to the D/C motor in a place provided within the generator enclosure. The batteries are connected to a low voltage, ammeter switching means. When one of the two batteries gets weak the second fully charged battery is switched on automatically. The weaker battery is then re-charged by regulated current from the generator. The switching means is then wired to a rotary motor. A start button is wired in line between the power and the motor. When the button is depressed the current from one of the 12 volt batteries begins the normal function of the D/C motor.

[0007] The operating D/C motor facilitates the rotation of the magnetic shroud around the fixed copper wire toroidal. The coercive force of the surrounding shroud magnets, facilitate the matching rotary motion of the internal toroidal permanent magnets, through the natural magnetic alignment of overlapping opposite polarities.

[0008] All three magnetic orbits combine to induce a constant electrical current in the toroidal coil. This toroidal is wired to various voltage regulators to deliver useable regulated current to the panel and battery recharge system.

[0009] The automotive version will be sized to fit under the hood, and enable electric vehicles to draw their electricity from the toroidal inductance generator. The automobile will only need the power of one 12 volt battery to run the generator. This will eliminate the need for increased battery capacity.


[0010] What makes my invention novel is that I use the rotation of a shaft mounted magnetic shroud means, to apply multiple magnetic forces to the outside of a copper toroidal coil, that resultantly coerces movement from a plurality of permanent rare earth magnets that are sealed inside the copper wire toroidal, generating electricity in the surrounding coil. The external magnetic fields of the shroud magnets permeate through the copper wire, the toroidal vessel, and the air gap to overlap and inter act with the magnetic fields of the permanent magnets sealed inside the toroidal and align them following the natural attraction of overlapping opposite magnetic fields. When the shaft is rotating, the overlapping opposite magnetic fields, induce electric current in the surrounding copper coil. There are three separate orbits of magnetic fields being moved across the copper wire toroidal. Two orbits are external and one orbit is internal.

[0011] The novelty is that this is the only invention to use this method of inducing electrical current by rotating permanent magnets inside a closed sealed toroidal coil core using overlapping external magnetic coercive forces to facilitate their movement. This is the only generator to use magnetic field interaction as a drive mechanism to rotate a plurality of permanent magnets sealed inside a copper toroidal coil core. I have no knowledge of any prior art describing any generator device that rotates permanent magnets inside the confines of a toroidal coil core, having their internal rotary movement coerced by the application of external magnetic fields.


[0012] The Toroidal Inductance Generator was invented by Michael Robert Axford in Windsor Ontario Canada on Jan. 1, 2009.

[0013] The generator was invented from the necessity to discover an abundant electrical source to run my electromagnetic piston motor invention, without adding load to the crankshaft. I used some knowledge gleaned from research into alternators, as well as past experience with electrics and magnetism.

[0014] The Toroidal Inductance Generator is a machine that creates electrical energy by orbiting three fields of multiple magnets inside and around, a copper wire toroidal coil. A magnetic shroud is rotated by being affixed to an existing rotary means. The shroud is a housing means for a plurality of magnets to be affixed to its inward facing surfaces. The magnets are fixed within the shroud, and are configured to be maintained at a minimum equidistance from the peripheries of the toroidal coil.

[0015] The proximity of the shroud, to the permanent magnets sealed inside the toroidal core, causes the vector fields of all the magnets, to overlap and interact. The rotator means is activated. The magnets in the shroud begin to orbit the toroidal coil.

[0016] The permanent magnets inside the toroidal core are caused to move following the external coercive magnetic force emitting from the opposite poles of the magnets rotating with the shroud. The rotating fields, two external and one internal, combine to induce electricity in the copper wire coil.


Part 1

[0017] The first part I am describing is a copper wire wound toroidal (1). The copper wire is wound around a pre formed toroidal vessel core (3&4). The windings follow the contours of the toroidal. The entire circumference of the toroidal vessel core (3&4) is circled with copper wire. The wire is wound tightly and neatly adjacent, around the toroidal vessel core (3&4) to maximize the number of turns per layer. The wire continues being wound beyond 360 degrees of windings and subsequent layers of windings are continually added to the perimeter of the vessel (3&4) until the toroidal coil (1) reaches its desired dimensions and number of turns. The coil (1) is insulated to prevent arcing. The coil (1) has one additional single layer of insulated copper wire which is wrapped outside the insulation.

Part 2

[0018] The second part I am describing is a shaft mounted shroud (2). This part consists of a hub portion, a radial flange, and an outer ring portion. The hub portion of the shroud (2) is designed to fit over the protruding shaft of an existing rotary motor means. A keyway provides alignment and a standard set screw affixes the shroud hub to the protruding motor shaft. They will now rotate as one.

[0019] The shaft hub consists of an inner diameter and an outer diameter. The inner diameter is dimensioned to be fully occupied by the motor shaft it connects to. The outer diameter of the hub portion is contoured with a plurality of pockets, recessed into the perimeter face of the hub portion, parallel with the motor shaft. These pockets are dimensioned to allow permanent rare earth magnets (7,&8) to be affixed within said pockets. The depth of the pocket recess is measured to allow one half of said magnets (7&8) to protrude beyond the outside diameter face of the hub portion.

[0020] The flange portion radiates from the hub portion 360 degrees at right angles to the axis at one end of the hub portion. Its outer radial diameter is greater than the diameter of the toroidal coil (1,) it is to enshroud. The flange portion is gusseted to the hub portion.

[0021] The outer ring portion extends parallel to the shaft outward from the flange face at its outer diameter to a distance equal to that of the hub portion. The outer ring, the flange, and the hub, configure a three 3 sided circular shroud. The outer ring is contoured to have pockets recessed into the inner face of the outer ring, parallel to the hub pockets, to accommodate the fitting of magnets (7&8) into said pockets. The pockets in the outer ring will be configured to be exactly aligned with the pockets on the hub. The outer ring is gusseted to the flange.

Part 3

[0022] The third part I am describing is one half of a low ferrite toroidal vessel (3) separate from its mating half, (4) mid plane across the axis. The half toroidal is shelled inward to have an inner surface contour matching the outer surface contour at a thickness sufficient to hold its shape and accommodate sealant grooves between the inner toroidal walls and the outer toroidal walls and sufficient wall stock to accommodate fastening holes to mate the two halves of the assembly. This half of the toroidal vessel is designed to have a sealable access port to add lubricant to the vessel void after it has been mated with its component part (4). The access port is sealed before the toroidal is wrapped with copper wire (I).

Part 4

[0023] The fourth part I am describing is a low ferrite toroidal half (4) separate from its mating half (3) mid plane across the axis. The half toroidal (4) is shelled inward to have an inner wall contour matching the outer wall contour and have a wall thickness sufficient to hold its shape. This half of the toroidal has contours to accommodate fastening holes so it can facilitate mating to its counterpart. (3).

Part 5

[0024] The fifth part I am describing is a spacer brace (5) for affixing equidistant spherical capsules (6) to its contours. The spacer brace is made of a low ferrite material that will not compromise its characteristics when submerged in lubricant indefinitely. The spacer brace is designed to affix a plurality of spherical capsules (6) at equidistance on a single plane through 360 degrees.

Part 6

[0025] The sixth part I am describing is a two piece spherical capsule (6). This capsule is contrived of two identical halves shelled inwardly and has a wall thickness sufficient to hold its shape. The inner contours of the capsule are designed to nest a cylinder shaped permanent magnet (9). Each half of the sphere is exactly 180 degrees. One half of the magnet (9) is nested into each half of the sphere (6) respectively. The nested magnet (9) transfers its polarity to the adjacent ferrite sphere (6) causing it to be held magnetically to the spheres (6) and magnetically charged by the natural laws of magnetic transference.

[0026] The sphere (6) is made of a high ferrite material that will not compromise its characteristics when submerged in lubricant indefinitely. The seam of the two spherical halves (6) is contoured in a manner that allows the spheres to be affixed to the spacer brace (5).

Part 7

[0027] The seventh part I am describing is a manufactured magnet. Part 7 can is designed to flexible as to its magnetic properties. It is made to be a permanent rare earth magnet, or an electromagnet, or both. Part 7 is attached to the hub face of the shroud (2), fitting into the recessed pockets provided by the design.

Part 8

[0028] The eighth part I am describing is a manufactured part. Part 8 is designed to be flexible in its magnetic properties. Part 8 is made to be a permanent rare earth magnet or an electromagnet, or both.

Part 9

[0029] The ninth part I am describing is a standard manufactured cylindrical neodymium permanent rare earth magnet (9). This magnet is sized appropriately to fit entirely within the spherical capsules (6).

Part 10

[0030] The tenth part I am describing is a standard manufactured socket head cap screw.

Part 11

[0031] The eleventh part I am describing is a standard nut fastener, sized to mate with part 10.

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