Windsor inventor says new motor will
solve fuel crisis
A former Chrysler Canada worker has designed
and patented what he says is the "perfect solution" to the
gasoline crisis -- an electromagnetic piston motor that will
eliminate our dependence on oil and reduce greenhouse gas
Michael Axford, who holds a Mexican patent on the invention
and is in the process of acquiring another in Canada, said his
invention eliminates gas tanks, fuel lines and a vehicle's
exhaust system, while retaining all the remaining service
"You just turn the key and away you go," said Axford. "A
centre spool in the cylinder head is wrapped with copper
coils. When a driver turns the key, the battery sends voltage
to the coil -- which then becomes an electromagnet -- instead
of to the spark plugs and the magnet drives the pistons."
Axford acknowledges there are similar products in various
stages of development, but says only his uses magnets of
identical polarity so that the pistons are driven down into
the cylinders with a pulse of magnetic energy. The pistons
travel just 31/2 inches and Axford said the electromotive
force is sufficient to drive them all the way through the
"And mine just uses a repelling motion to drive the pistons
rather than a combination of repelling and attraction," which
often causes problems in the delivery of power, said Axford.
"Electromagnets are strong enough to pull trains, so there's
no issue with them being strong enough to drive the pistons,"
said Axford, who has been working on his project since he took
a buyout from Chrysler 15 months ago.
Axford said "it should perform identically to existing
engines. It will idle at 500 r.p.m. so once the gear is
engaged, you'll have immediate roll. It won't react with a
delay and a jerky motion like a golf cart.
"All the blocks used in this engine will be aluminum so
they're not magnetic and the cylinder head and the
electromagnets will have a protective cover so they don't
affect the vehicle's electronic systems," said Axford.
"And because the system pulses just like a sparkplug, there's
no constant drain on the battery."
Axford now plans to retro-fit a motor from a Saturn once he
takes delivery of some magnetic discs from a manufacturer in
China. When the retrofitted prototype is complete, Axford said
he'll be in a position to stage demonstrations and plans to
drive the vehicle across Canada to prove its reliability
MOTORS WITH PISTONS THAT USE
ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY AS THE PISTONS' DRIVING FORCE.
Also published as: CA2656739
The piston electromagnetic motor uses the mechanical advantage
of the internal combustion motors design and applies an
electromagnetic driving system. The novelty of my motor is
that instead of igniting a mixture of fuel/air above the
piston, I use an electromagnetic force of equal intensity
activated by coils, above the pistons to drive their movement.
The pistons are manufactured with a permanent magnetic disk
fixed on the piston's face. My new driving mechanism is bolted
to the block. The new driving mechanism houses the
electromagnetic assemblies. There is an assembly for every
piston and it is situated directly on the piston
concentrically with the cylinder hole. The current in the
coils creates a discharge of powerful electromagnetic energy.
The polarity of the piston's face and the electromagnet must
be the same. The two forces are opposite and the fixed
electromagnet will repel the movable piston driving it inside
its cylinder. The electromagnetic energy becomes the driving
force of the motor pistons.
Toroidal Inductance Generator
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The Toroidal Inductance Generator is a machine that creates
electrical energy by orbiting three fields of multiple magnets
inside and around, a copper wire toroidal coil. The toroidal
generator is comprised of a copper wire wound toroidal coil,
with a vessel core, containing a plurality of free moving rare
earth magnets sealed inside the vessel core assembly. A
magnetic shroud is affixed to the protruding shaft of an
existing rotary means. This magnetic shroud and rotary means
are concentrically positioned to rotate a plurality of magnets
immediately adjacent to both the outside and the inside
diameter of the toroidal coil. The vector fields of the shroud
magnets overlap and interact with the vector fields of the
magnets sealed inside the copper wire toroidal core. The
internal magnets are caused to follow the rotating field from
the applied external coercive magnetic force. The three
combined orbits all contribute to the generation of
electricity within the copper wire toroidal.
 The invention I am describing is an electricity
generating machine (FIG. 22&23). The machine induces
electricity by moving magnets (7&8) around and within a
copper wire toroidal coil (1). My invention uses three
orbiting magnetic fields to induce electricity in a copper
wire toroidal coil (1). Two of the orbiting fields are
external and one of the fields is internal. The internal
magnetic field is contrived of, a plurality of permanent rare
earth magnets (9), sealed inside a hollow toroidal vessel core
(3&4). The internal magnets (9) are caused to move by an
applied external magnetic force. Said external force is
applied by magnets (7&8), housed externally adjacent to
the toroidal coil (1) in a rotatable shroud (2). The shroud
(2) configures magnets (7&8) concentrically, immediately
adjacent to the inner and outer diameters of the copper
toroidal coil (1).
 The magnetic fields of the shroud mounted magnets
(7&8), permeates the walls of the toroidal vessel core
(3&4), copper wire windings (1), and air gap, to overlap
and interact with the magnetic fields of the internal magnets
(9). The exchange of magnetic field energy simultaneously
occurs increasing the field dynamics between the internal and
external magnetic fields. The shroud (2) is affixed at the hub
to a protruding shaft belonging to an existing rotary motor.
When the motor is operating, the shroud (2) affixed to the
shaft, rotates a plurality of magnets (7&8) immediately
adjacent to the perimeters of the copper toroidal coil (1).
The result is induced electricity in the copper wire coil (1).
The permanent magnets (9) within the toroidal copper coil core
(3&4), whose movement is coerced by the external magnetic
fields, induce electricity in the surrounding copper wire
toroidal (1). The combination of three orbiting magnetic
fields inducing current in the copper wire is an effective
method of generating electricity.
 It was necessary to discover an electrical source great
enough to run my electromagnetic piston motor, without putting
an additional load on the crankshaft. To solve those energy
needs I examined the construction of a common alternator to
see if there was any way of increasing its efficiency. My
other project uses permanent rare earth magnets and I
accidentally discovered a unique method of moving magnets
inside a coil using an external magnetic force. After reverse
engineering a standard alternator I knew I could combine the
technologies and make a generator powerful enough to suit my
 I designed my induction generator to have a set of
magnets rotating inside the copper coil, as well as two sets
outside. This will generate a substantial amount of current. A
toroidal by design is a very efficient shape for a coil so I
used it. The form used to shape the winding is a low ferrite
toroidal vessel. Copper wire is wound as many times around the
toroidal vessel as dimensionally feasible. It can use more
wire than any alternator by design. The magnets inside the
coil are free to rotate inside the vessel but are held
equidistant by a brace to avoid bunching up.
 All the internal magnets rotate together at
equidistance, in alignment with the external magnets. The
magnets sealed inside the coil cannot be moved by any external
mechanical means, so magnets were seen as a method of
facilitating that movement. By natural law, the overlapping of
the opposite magnetic fields, and close proximity of the
magnetic sources increases the strength of the interacting
fields. This creates a greater induction effect than a
standard alternator. I have claimed use of the Schulman
frequency pulsed through a separate surrounding wire to
further increase the inductive effectiveness. Said
effectiveness has not been measured or estimated.
 My invention is an electrical generator machine,
capable of providing an abundance of electricity from the
orbiting of magnetic fields inside and outside of a copper
wire toroidal. The generators will be manufactured in various
output strengths and sizes. A home sized unit will be
dimensioned to fit into all homes through the door. The
generator will be installed by a licensed electrician, after
it's positioned in close proximity to the existing electrical
panel in your home. The electrician will disconnect you from
your existing supplier's grid. Two 12 volt batteries must be
fully charged and positioned next to the D/C motor in a place
provided within the generator enclosure. The batteries are
connected to a low voltage, ammeter switching means. When one
of the two batteries gets weak the second fully charged
battery is switched on automatically. The weaker battery is
then re-charged by regulated current from the generator. The
switching means is then wired to a rotary motor. A start
button is wired in line between the power and the motor. When
the button is depressed the current from one of the 12 volt
batteries begins the normal function of the D/C motor.
 The operating D/C motor facilitates the rotation of the
magnetic shroud around the fixed copper wire toroidal. The
coercive force of the surrounding shroud magnets, facilitate
the matching rotary motion of the internal toroidal permanent
magnets, through the natural magnetic alignment of overlapping
 All three magnetic orbits combine to induce a constant
electrical current in the toroidal coil. This toroidal is
wired to various voltage regulators to deliver useable
regulated current to the panel and battery recharge system.
 The automotive version will be sized to fit under the
hood, and enable electric vehicles to draw their electricity
from the toroidal inductance generator. The automobile will
only need the power of one 12 volt battery to run the
generator. This will eliminate the need for increased battery
 What makes my invention novel is that I use the
rotation of a shaft mounted magnetic shroud means, to apply
multiple magnetic forces to the outside of a copper toroidal
coil, that resultantly coerces movement from a plurality of
permanent rare earth magnets that are sealed inside the copper
wire toroidal, generating electricity in the surrounding coil.
The external magnetic fields of the shroud magnets permeate
through the copper wire, the toroidal vessel, and the air gap
to overlap and inter act with the magnetic fields of the
permanent magnets sealed inside the toroidal and align them
following the natural attraction of overlapping opposite
magnetic fields. When the shaft is rotating, the overlapping
opposite magnetic fields, induce electric current in the
surrounding copper coil. There are three separate orbits of
magnetic fields being moved across the copper wire toroidal.
Two orbits are external and one orbit is internal.
 The novelty is that this is the only invention to use
this method of inducing electrical current by rotating
permanent magnets inside a closed sealed toroidal coil core
using overlapping external magnetic coercive forces to
facilitate their movement. This is the only generator to use
magnetic field interaction as a drive mechanism to rotate a
plurality of permanent magnets sealed inside a copper toroidal
coil core. I have no knowledge of any prior art describing any
generator device that rotates permanent magnets inside the
confines of a toroidal coil core, having their internal rotary
movement coerced by the application of external magnetic
 The Toroidal Inductance Generator was invented by
Michael Robert Axford in Windsor Ontario Canada on Jan. 1,
 The generator was invented from the necessity to
discover an abundant electrical source to run my
electromagnetic piston motor invention, without adding load to
the crankshaft. I used some knowledge gleaned from research
into alternators, as well as past experience with electrics
 The Toroidal Inductance Generator is a machine that
creates electrical energy by orbiting three fields of multiple
magnets inside and around, a copper wire toroidal coil. A
magnetic shroud is rotated by being affixed to an existing
rotary means. The shroud is a housing means for a plurality of
magnets to be affixed to its inward facing surfaces. The
magnets are fixed within the shroud, and are configured to be
maintained at a minimum equidistance from the peripheries of
the toroidal coil.
 The proximity of the shroud, to the permanent magnets
sealed inside the toroidal core, causes the vector fields of
all the magnets, to overlap and interact. The rotator means is
activated. The magnets in the shroud begin to orbit the
 The permanent magnets inside the toroidal core are
caused to move following the external coercive magnetic force
emitting from the opposite poles of the magnets rotating with
the shroud. The rotating fields, two external and one
internal, combine to induce electricity in the copper wire
 The first part I am describing is a copper wire wound
toroidal (1). The copper wire is wound around a pre formed
toroidal vessel core (3&4). The windings follow the
contours of the toroidal. The entire circumference of the
toroidal vessel core (3&4) is circled with copper wire.
The wire is wound tightly and neatly adjacent, around the
toroidal vessel core (3&4) to maximize the number of turns
per layer. The wire continues being wound beyond 360 degrees
of windings and subsequent layers of windings are continually
added to the perimeter of the vessel (3&4) until the
toroidal coil (1) reaches its desired dimensions and number of
turns. The coil (1) is insulated to prevent arcing. The coil
(1) has one additional single layer of insulated copper wire
which is wrapped outside the insulation.
 The second part I am describing is a shaft mounted
shroud (2). This part consists of a hub portion, a radial
flange, and an outer ring portion. The hub portion of the
shroud (2) is designed to fit over the protruding shaft of an
existing rotary motor means. A keyway provides alignment and a
standard set screw affixes the shroud hub to the protruding
motor shaft. They will now rotate as one.
 The shaft hub consists of an inner diameter and an
outer diameter. The inner diameter is dimensioned to be fully
occupied by the motor shaft it connects to. The outer diameter
of the hub portion is contoured with a plurality of pockets,
recessed into the perimeter face of the hub portion, parallel
with the motor shaft. These pockets are dimensioned to allow
permanent rare earth magnets (7,&8) to be affixed within
said pockets. The depth of the pocket recess is measured to
allow one half of said magnets (7&8) to protrude beyond
the outside diameter face of the hub portion.
 The flange portion radiates from the hub portion 360
degrees at right angles to the axis at one end of the hub
portion. Its outer radial diameter is greater than the
diameter of the toroidal coil (1,) it is to enshroud. The
flange portion is gusseted to the hub portion.
 The outer ring portion extends parallel to the shaft
outward from the flange face at its outer diameter to a
distance equal to that of the hub portion. The outer ring, the
flange, and the hub, configure a three 3 sided circular
shroud. The outer ring is contoured to have pockets recessed
into the inner face of the outer ring, parallel to the hub
pockets, to accommodate the fitting of magnets (7&8) into
said pockets. The pockets in the outer ring will be configured
to be exactly aligned with the pockets on the hub. The outer
ring is gusseted to the flange.
 The third part I am describing is one half of a low
ferrite toroidal vessel (3) separate from its mating half, (4)
mid plane across the axis. The half toroidal is shelled inward
to have an inner surface contour matching the outer surface
contour at a thickness sufficient to hold its shape and
accommodate sealant grooves between the inner toroidal walls
and the outer toroidal walls and sufficient wall stock to
accommodate fastening holes to mate the two halves of the
assembly. This half of the toroidal vessel is designed to have
a sealable access port to add lubricant to the vessel void
after it has been mated with its component part (4). The
access port is sealed before the toroidal is wrapped with
copper wire (I).
 The fourth part I am describing is a low ferrite
toroidal half (4) separate from its mating half (3) mid plane
across the axis. The half toroidal (4) is shelled inward to
have an inner wall contour matching the outer wall contour and
have a wall thickness sufficient to hold its shape. This half
of the toroidal has contours to accommodate fastening holes so
it can facilitate mating to its counterpart. (3).
 The fifth part I am describing is a spacer brace (5)
for affixing equidistant spherical capsules (6) to its
contours. The spacer brace is made of a low ferrite material
that will not compromise its characteristics when submerged in
lubricant indefinitely. The spacer brace is designed to affix
a plurality of spherical capsules (6) at equidistance on a
single plane through 360 degrees.
 The sixth part I am describing is a two piece spherical
capsule (6). This capsule is contrived of two identical halves
shelled inwardly and has a wall thickness sufficient to hold
its shape. The inner contours of the capsule are designed to
nest a cylinder shaped permanent magnet (9). Each half of the
sphere is exactly 180 degrees. One half of the magnet (9) is
nested into each half of the sphere (6) respectively. The
nested magnet (9) transfers its polarity to the adjacent
ferrite sphere (6) causing it to be held magnetically to the
spheres (6) and magnetically charged by the natural laws of
 The sphere (6) is made of a high ferrite material that
will not compromise its characteristics when submerged in
lubricant indefinitely. The seam of the two spherical halves
(6) is contoured in a manner that allows the spheres to be
affixed to the spacer brace (5).
 The seventh part I am describing is a manufactured
magnet. Part 7 can is designed to flexible as to its magnetic
properties. It is made to be a permanent rare earth magnet, or
an electromagnet, or both. Part 7 is attached to the hub face
of the shroud (2), fitting into the recessed pockets provided
by the design.
 The eighth part I am describing is a manufactured part.
Part 8 is designed to be flexible in its magnetic properties.
Part 8 is made to be a permanent rare earth magnet or an
electromagnet, or both.
 The ninth part I am describing is a standard
manufactured cylindrical neodymium permanent rare earth magnet
(9). This magnet is sized appropriately to fit entirely within
the spherical capsules (6).
 The tenth part I am describing is a standard
manufactured socket head cap screw.
 The eleventh part I am describing is a standard nut
fastener, sized to mate with part 10.