Electromagnetic Piston Motor
Windsor inventor says new motor will
solve fuel crisis
A former Chrysler Canada worker has designed and patented what he
says is the "perfect solution" to the gasoline crisis -- an
electromagnetic piston motor that will eliminate our dependence on
oil and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Michael Axford, who holds a Mexican patent on the invention and is
in the process of acquiring another in Canada, said his invention
eliminates gas tanks, fuel lines and a vehicle's exhaust system,
while retaining all the remaining service parts.
"You just turn the key and away you go," said Axford. "A centre
spool in the cylinder head is wrapped with copper coils. When a
driver turns the key, the battery sends voltage to the coil --
which then becomes an electromagnet -- instead of to the spark
plugs and the magnet drives the pistons."
Axford acknowledges there are similar products in various stages
of development, but says only his uses magnets of identical
polarity so that the pistons are driven down into the cylinders
with a pulse of magnetic energy. The pistons travel just 31/2
inches and Axford said the electromotive force is sufficient to
drive them all the way through the cylinder.
"And mine just uses a repelling motion to drive the pistons rather
than a combination of repelling and attraction," which often
causes problems in the delivery of power, said Axford.
"Electromagnets are strong enough to pull trains, so there's no
issue with them being strong enough to drive the pistons," said
Axford, who has been working on his project since he took a buyout
from Chrysler 15 months ago.
Axford said "it should perform identically to existing engines. It
will idle at 500 r.p.m. so once the gear is engaged, you'll have
immediate roll. It won't react with a delay and a jerky motion
like a golf cart.
"All the blocks used in this engine will be aluminum so they're
not magnetic and the cylinder head and the electromagnets will
have a protective cover so they don't affect the vehicle's
electronic systems," said Axford.
"And because the system pulses just like a sparkplug, there's no
constant drain on the battery."
Axford now plans to retro-fit a motor from a Saturn once he takes
delivery of some magnetic discs from a manufacturer in China. When
the retrofitted prototype is complete, Axford said he'll be in a
position to stage demonstrations and plans to drive the vehicle
across Canada to prove its reliability
MOTORS WITH PISTONS THAT USE
ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY AS THE PISTONS' DRIVING FORCE.
Also published as: CA2656739
The piston electromagnetic motor uses the mechanical advantage of
the internal combustion motors design and applies an
electromagnetic driving system. The novelty of my motor is that
instead of igniting a mixture of fuel/air above the piston, I use
an electromagnetic force of equal intensity activated by coils,
above the pistons to drive their movement. The pistons are
manufactured with a permanent magnetic disk fixed on the piston's
face. My new driving mechanism is bolted to the block. The new
driving mechanism houses the electromagnetic assemblies. There is
an assembly for every piston and it is situated directly on the
piston concentrically with the cylinder hole. The current in the
coils creates a discharge of powerful electromagnetic energy. The
polarity of the piston's face and the electromagnet must be the
same. The two forces are opposite and the fixed electromagnet will
repel the movable piston driving it inside its cylinder. The
electromagnetic energy becomes the driving force of the motor
Toroidal Inductance Generator
[ PDF ]
The Toroidal Inductance Generator is a machine that creates
electrical energy by orbiting three fields of multiple magnets
inside and around, a copper wire toroidal coil. The toroidal
generator is comprised of a copper wire wound toroidal coil, with
a vessel core, containing a plurality of free moving rare earth
magnets sealed inside the vessel core assembly. A magnetic shroud
is affixed to the protruding shaft of an existing rotary means.
This magnetic shroud and rotary means are concentrically
positioned to rotate a plurality of magnets immediately adjacent
to both the outside and the inside diameter of the toroidal coil.
The vector fields of the shroud magnets overlap and interact with
the vector fields of the magnets sealed inside the copper wire
toroidal core. The internal magnets are caused to follow the
rotating field from the applied external coercive magnetic force.
The three combined orbits all contribute to the generation of
electricity within the copper wire toroidal.
 The invention I am describing is an electricity generating
machine (FIG. 22&23). The machine induces electricity by
moving magnets (7&8) around and within a copper wire toroidal
coil (1). My invention uses three orbiting magnetic fields to
induce electricity in a copper wire toroidal coil (1). Two of the
orbiting fields are external and one of the fields is internal.
The internal magnetic field is contrived of, a plurality of
permanent rare earth magnets (9), sealed inside a hollow toroidal
vessel core (3&4). The internal magnets (9) are caused to move
by an applied external magnetic force. Said external force is
applied by magnets (7&8), housed externally adjacent to the
toroidal coil (1) in a rotatable shroud (2). The shroud (2)
configures magnets (7&8) concentrically, immediately adjacent
to the inner and outer diameters of the copper toroidal coil (1).
 The magnetic fields of the shroud mounted magnets
(7&8), permeates the walls of the toroidal vessel core
(3&4), copper wire windings (1), and air gap, to overlap and
interact with the magnetic fields of the internal magnets (9). The
exchange of magnetic field energy simultaneously occurs increasing
the field dynamics between the internal and external magnetic
fields. The shroud (2) is affixed at the hub to a protruding shaft
belonging to an existing rotary motor. When the motor is
operating, the shroud (2) affixed to the shaft, rotates a
plurality of magnets (7&8) immediately adjacent to the
perimeters of the copper toroidal coil (1). The result is induced
electricity in the copper wire coil (1). The permanent magnets (9)
within the toroidal copper coil core (3&4), whose movement is
coerced by the external magnetic fields, induce electricity in the
surrounding copper wire toroidal (1). The combination of three
orbiting magnetic fields inducing current in the copper wire is an
effective method of generating electricity.
 It was necessary to discover an electrical source great
enough to run my electromagnetic piston motor, without putting an
additional load on the crankshaft. To solve those energy needs I
examined the construction of a common alternator to see if there
was any way of increasing its efficiency. My other project uses
permanent rare earth magnets and I accidentally discovered a
unique method of moving magnets inside a coil using an external
magnetic force. After reverse engineering a standard alternator I
knew I could combine the technologies and make a generator
powerful enough to suit my needs.
 I designed my induction generator to have a set of magnets
rotating inside the copper coil, as well as two sets outside. This
will generate a substantial amount of current. A toroidal by
design is a very efficient shape for a coil so I used it. The form
used to shape the winding is a low ferrite toroidal vessel. Copper
wire is wound as many times around the toroidal vessel as
dimensionally feasible. It can use more wire than any alternator
by design. The magnets inside the coil are free to rotate inside
the vessel but are held equidistant by a brace to avoid bunching
 All the internal magnets rotate together at equidistance,
in alignment with the external magnets. The magnets sealed inside
the coil cannot be moved by any external mechanical means, so
magnets were seen as a method of facilitating that movement. By
natural law, the overlapping of the opposite magnetic fields, and
close proximity of the magnetic sources increases the strength of
the interacting fields. This creates a greater induction effect
than a standard alternator. I have claimed use of the Schulman
frequency pulsed through a separate surrounding wire to further
increase the inductive effectiveness. Said effectiveness has not
been measured or estimated.
 My invention is an electrical generator machine, capable of
providing an abundance of electricity from the orbiting of
magnetic fields inside and outside of a copper wire toroidal. The
generators will be manufactured in various output strengths and
sizes. A home sized unit will be dimensioned to fit into all homes
through the door. The generator will be installed by a licensed
electrician, after it's positioned in close proximity to the
existing electrical panel in your home. The electrician will
disconnect you from your existing supplier's grid. Two 12 volt
batteries must be fully charged and positioned next to the D/C
motor in a place provided within the generator enclosure. The
batteries are connected to a low voltage, ammeter switching means.
When one of the two batteries gets weak the second fully charged
battery is switched on automatically. The weaker battery is then
re-charged by regulated current from the generator. The switching
means is then wired to a rotary motor. A start button is wired in
line between the power and the motor. When the button is depressed
the current from one of the 12 volt batteries begins the normal
function of the D/C motor.
 The operating D/C motor facilitates the rotation of the
magnetic shroud around the fixed copper wire toroidal. The
coercive force of the surrounding shroud magnets, facilitate the
matching rotary motion of the internal toroidal permanent magnets,
through the natural magnetic alignment of overlapping opposite
 All three magnetic orbits combine to induce a constant
electrical current in the toroidal coil. This toroidal is wired to
various voltage regulators to deliver useable regulated current to
the panel and battery recharge system.
 The automotive version will be sized to fit under the hood,
and enable electric vehicles to draw their electricity from the
toroidal inductance generator. The automobile will only need the
power of one 12 volt battery to run the generator. This will
eliminate the need for increased battery capacity.
 What makes my invention novel is that I use the rotation of
a shaft mounted magnetic shroud means, to apply multiple magnetic
forces to the outside of a copper toroidal coil, that resultantly
coerces movement from a plurality of permanent rare earth magnets
that are sealed inside the copper wire toroidal, generating
electricity in the surrounding coil. The external magnetic fields
of the shroud magnets permeate through the copper wire, the
toroidal vessel, and the air gap to overlap and inter act with the
magnetic fields of the permanent magnets sealed inside the
toroidal and align them following the natural attraction of
overlapping opposite magnetic fields. When the shaft is rotating,
the overlapping opposite magnetic fields, induce electric current
in the surrounding copper coil. There are three separate orbits of
magnetic fields being moved across the copper wire toroidal. Two
orbits are external and one orbit is internal.
 The novelty is that this is the only invention to use this
method of inducing electrical current by rotating permanent
magnets inside a closed sealed toroidal coil core using
overlapping external magnetic coercive forces to facilitate their
movement. This is the only generator to use magnetic field
interaction as a drive mechanism to rotate a plurality of
permanent magnets sealed inside a copper toroidal coil core. I
have no knowledge of any prior art describing any generator device
that rotates permanent magnets inside the confines of a toroidal
coil core, having their internal rotary movement coerced by the
application of external magnetic fields.
 The Toroidal Inductance Generator was invented by Michael
Robert Axford in Windsor Ontario Canada on Jan. 1, 2009.
 The generator was invented from the necessity to discover
an abundant electrical source to run my electromagnetic piston
motor invention, without adding load to the crankshaft. I used
some knowledge gleaned from research into alternators, as well as
past experience with electrics and magnetism.
 The Toroidal Inductance Generator is a machine that creates
electrical energy by orbiting three fields of multiple magnets
inside and around, a copper wire toroidal coil. A magnetic shroud
is rotated by being affixed to an existing rotary means. The
shroud is a housing means for a plurality of magnets to be affixed
to its inward facing surfaces. The magnets are fixed within the
shroud, and are configured to be maintained at a minimum
equidistance from the peripheries of the toroidal coil.
 The proximity of the shroud, to the permanent magnets
sealed inside the toroidal core, causes the vector fields of all
the magnets, to overlap and interact. The rotator means is
activated. The magnets in the shroud begin to orbit the toroidal
 The permanent magnets inside the toroidal core are caused
to move following the external coercive magnetic force emitting
from the opposite poles of the magnets rotating with the shroud.
The rotating fields, two external and one internal, combine to
induce electricity in the copper wire coil.
 The first part I am describing is a copper wire wound
toroidal (1). The copper wire is wound around a pre formed
toroidal vessel core (3&4). The windings follow the contours
of the toroidal. The entire circumference of the toroidal vessel
core (3&4) is circled with copper wire. The wire is wound
tightly and neatly adjacent, around the toroidal vessel core
(3&4) to maximize the number of turns per layer. The wire
continues being wound beyond 360 degrees of windings and
subsequent layers of windings are continually added to the
perimeter of the vessel (3&4) until the toroidal coil (1)
reaches its desired dimensions and number of turns. The coil (1)
is insulated to prevent arcing. The coil (1) has one additional
single layer of insulated copper wire which is wrapped outside the
 The second part I am describing is a shaft mounted shroud
(2). This part consists of a hub portion, a radial flange, and an
outer ring portion. The hub portion of the shroud (2) is designed
to fit over the protruding shaft of an existing rotary motor
means. A keyway provides alignment and a standard set screw
affixes the shroud hub to the protruding motor shaft. They will
now rotate as one.
 The shaft hub consists of an inner diameter and an outer
diameter. The inner diameter is dimensioned to be fully occupied
by the motor shaft it connects to. The outer diameter of the hub
portion is contoured with a plurality of pockets, recessed into
the perimeter face of the hub portion, parallel with the motor
shaft. These pockets are dimensioned to allow permanent rare earth
magnets (7,&8) to be affixed within said pockets. The depth of
the pocket recess is measured to allow one half of said magnets
(7&8) to protrude beyond the outside diameter face of the hub
 The flange portion radiates from the hub portion 360
degrees at right angles to the axis at one end of the hub portion.
Its outer radial diameter is greater than the diameter of the
toroidal coil (1,) it is to enshroud. The flange portion is
gusseted to the hub portion.
 The outer ring portion extends parallel to the shaft
outward from the flange face at its outer diameter to a distance
equal to that of the hub portion. The outer ring, the flange, and
the hub, configure a three 3 sided circular shroud. The outer ring
is contoured to have pockets recessed into the inner face of the
outer ring, parallel to the hub pockets, to accommodate the
fitting of magnets (7&8) into said pockets. The pockets in the
outer ring will be configured to be exactly aligned with the
pockets on the hub. The outer ring is gusseted to the flange.
 The third part I am describing is one half of a low ferrite
toroidal vessel (3) separate from its mating half, (4) mid plane
across the axis. The half toroidal is shelled inward to have an
inner surface contour matching the outer surface contour at a
thickness sufficient to hold its shape and accommodate sealant
grooves between the inner toroidal walls and the outer toroidal
walls and sufficient wall stock to accommodate fastening holes to
mate the two halves of the assembly. This half of the toroidal
vessel is designed to have a sealable access port to add lubricant
to the vessel void after it has been mated with its component part
(4). The access port is sealed before the toroidal is wrapped with
copper wire (I).
 The fourth part I am describing is a low ferrite toroidal
half (4) separate from its mating half (3) mid plane across the
axis. The half toroidal (4) is shelled inward to have an inner
wall contour matching the outer wall contour and have a wall
thickness sufficient to hold its shape. This half of the toroidal
has contours to accommodate fastening holes so it can facilitate
mating to its counterpart. (3).
 The fifth part I am describing is a spacer brace (5) for
affixing equidistant spherical capsules (6) to its contours. The
spacer brace is made of a low ferrite material that will not
compromise its characteristics when submerged in lubricant
indefinitely. The spacer brace is designed to affix a plurality of
spherical capsules (6) at equidistance on a single plane through
 The sixth part I am describing is a two piece spherical
capsule (6). This capsule is contrived of two identical halves
shelled inwardly and has a wall thickness sufficient to hold its
shape. The inner contours of the capsule are designed to nest a
cylinder shaped permanent magnet (9). Each half of the sphere is
exactly 180 degrees. One half of the magnet (9) is nested into
each half of the sphere (6) respectively. The nested magnet (9)
transfers its polarity to the adjacent ferrite sphere (6) causing
it to be held magnetically to the spheres (6) and magnetically
charged by the natural laws of magnetic transference.
 The sphere (6) is made of a high ferrite material that will
not compromise its characteristics when submerged in lubricant
indefinitely. The seam of the two spherical halves (6) is
contoured in a manner that allows the spheres to be affixed to the
spacer brace (5).
 The seventh part I am describing is a manufactured magnet.
Part 7 can is designed to flexible as to its magnetic properties.
It is made to be a permanent rare earth magnet, or an
electromagnet, or both. Part 7 is attached to the hub face of the
shroud (2), fitting into the recessed pockets provided by the
 The eighth part I am describing is a manufactured part.
Part 8 is designed to be flexible in its magnetic properties. Part
8 is made to be a permanent rare earth magnet or an electromagnet,
 The ninth part I am describing is a standard manufactured
cylindrical neodymium permanent rare earth magnet (9). This magnet
is sized appropriately to fit entirely within the spherical
 The tenth part I am describing is a standard manufactured
socket head cap screw.
 The eleventh part I am describing is a standard nut
fastener, sized to mate with part 10.
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