Oleg GRITSKEVITCH [ Gritskevich ]

Hydro-Magnetic Generator

New Energy Technology (September-October 2001), p. 100-104

Gritskevitch’s Hydro-Magnetic Dynamo

by Oleg V. Gritskevitch

Russia, 69002, Vladivostok
Okeansky Prospect, 99 – ap. 112
Phone/Fax: (7-4232) 424-674
Russian Academy of Energy & Information
Russian Academy of Natural Sciences

[ Editorial: The article presents construction and operation of Oleg V. Gritskevitch’s hydro-magnetic dynamo, which is an example of a vary powerful new energy system. The prototype in Armenia has produced over 1500 KW power during several years.

The author was born on 14 August 1936 and grew up in Vladivostok, Russia He is married and has a son Boris. Gritskevitch is a physicist by education. He worked in the Far-East branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences. He ahs more than 70 patents on inventions ranging from household engineering up to high technologies, which he has been trying to apply in our country and met big difficulties. After numerous attempts to receive the patents the author was convinced that the outflow of the information occurred. Therefore he has received the state certificates as on know-how (on a French way of patenting) for all his inventions. -- A. Frolov ]


During the Institute for New Energy 1999 Symposium, I lectured on my hydro-magnetic dynamo. This paper is my attempt to explain the construction and operation of my dynamo.

To fool investigators of my secrets, I have an occasion to provide misleading information. For example, the drawing accompanying the Russian patent referenced below shows a cylinder across the toroid to fool readers. He real dynamo only has the toroid without the cylinder. Even its name ‘hydro-magnetic dynamo’ is somewhat deliberately misleading.

I have some familiarity with the new energy field. Nearly all purported new energy devices are fairly small electrical generators. The dynamo may be the only new electrical generator which most nearly meets all the requirements of an ideal large-scaled electrical generator. My dynamo really is the single most valuable invention the world has ever known.

Alexander V. Frolov of St Petersburg recommended me to contact with Dr Patrick Bailey, Institute for New Energy since Pat has lots of contacts who could possibly help me with patenting my invention of a new source of energy in USA.

I conducted the work on the theory and creation of the electrostatic generator-converter ‘hydro-magnetic dynamo’ about 20 years (See dynamo history below). He first primitive equipment was created when I worked in Academy of Sciences. During that time various changes were introduced in the generator and in the theory of its work. It is now possible to manufacture, install, and apply it in industry.

For the first time I made the public report on this work in 1991 on a symposium in Volgodonsk city. The report received the positive replies and reviews of the experts of a nuclear industry in USSR. The same year I was accepted in international Nuclear Society. In these years I offered development of this technology to different state bodies and private enterprises. But there was the only answer: ‘It is very interesting and perspective project, but there is no money for it’.

At the end of 8 years I tried to transfer this technology in US through the embassy in Moscow. The former ambassador of USR the Dr J. Matlock knows about it. He wanted to meet me, but in that time there were forces which have not given to carry out my plans. Thus I came to the conclusion to look out other possible investors. I am ready to consider any offers on cooperation: joint patenting, sale of know-how, creation of joint venture, etc. I have 70 Russian patents including the following:

Engine for marine courts and torpedoes without any mechanics;
Reactors-converters of chemical elements;
Rocket-torpedo without any mechanics;
Weapon systems without firing pin;
Metal powders made electrodes;
Oil separation method. Separation of any fraction (liquid, rigid);
Electrostatic disintegrator;
Rigid elements based plasmatron. New Heat sources;
Steam boiler based on Runk effect;
Refrigerators based on electrohydraulic effect;
Springless shock absorber;
Energy roof for apartment houses; and other patents.

Dynamo History

The beginning for this project came as a conclusion from one popular Russian magazine article (Tehnika Molodiozhi; Youth;s Technique, 1972, #8, August) by A. Kaldamasov, entitled “Spheroidal Lightning in a Liquid”. This article came to the attention of Michail Razovsky and me in 1974. My group of volunteers and enthusiasts was looking for a new source of energy. This article serves as a start-up point for the understanding of chemical-physical processes occurring in water. In 1976-78, in the Vladivostok city hospital, in the radiological lab, me and others (Vladilen Bulgakov, radiology physician, and Michail Razovsky, theoretician in plasma physics field) spent one year assembling a device, which was supposed to separate water into oxygen and hydrogen more efficiently. During the experiments, instead of the expected results, it produced electricity very efficiently! The input power during the experiment was 800 watt water pump. The output was 1400 watts. This device was assembled using plastic pipes connected with hoses, where the water was circulating in a loop. Further this led to the idea of creating the second device as generator-toroid.

The second generator was assembled in the workshop of the Ocean Research Institute in Vladivostok, and it was transported in the summer of 1990 to the testing station of the Ministry of Electronics Industry in Vladivostok. This lab was well-equipped with all necessary sets of instruments. At the same time patents were filed in the USSR State Committee of Inventions. In the spring of 1991 the State Commission, led by Yurii Lebedev, the Russian Federation Council of Ministers arrived in Vladivostok. This commission arrived for two reasons: To recommend a financial request for manufacturing the dynamo, and to classify this energy source as a ‘Discovery’ (Document #14-451).

After the next change in Russian government the financing for the project was terminated. The first article on the dynamo was published in the Russian magazine Tehnika Molodyozhi #3 (March 1990), page 17, entitled ‘Innovators Ideas’.

Several Armenian physicists, after reading the article, sent me a letter requesting to meet with me in Vladivostok for negotiations about the dynamo. The arrived in March 1991 and made observations of the second generator., which was in working condition at that time. I flew to Armenia, and the work on the third generator started at the end of 1991. It was completed at the end of 1992. It was working and was producing energy until January 1997, when it was destroyed during the war. Some people were also killed and other people further moved to the USA. This version of the dynamo created an output averaging 6,800 amperes at 220 volts DC. Its input power was only approximately 1% of the output power.

Then I was an invited speaker of the Meeting of the Alternative Energy Institute (Dr Hal Fox) in Salt Lake City, August 1999. I want to note that the official announcement about my speech had several mistakes (for example, the name of Armenia was changed to Romania).

Dynamo Theory

My hydro-magnetic dynamo is a large-scaled emission-free electrical generator, which does not require external fueling. The dynamo is capable to power larger transportation vehicles such as buses, trucks, ships, locomotives, and airplanes. Doubt remains about making dynamos compact enough to power automobiles.

While three experimental prototypes have been built with Russian and Armenian expertise and equipment, a fourth demonstration prototype needs to be built with more modern Western engineering expertise and equipment to verify dynamo performance claims and to further explore the dynamo’s potential capabilities. Performance claims are as follows: Dynamos are scaleable fro 100 kilowatts to 1,000 megawatts. One 1000-megawatt dynamo is about the size of a two-car garage. For comparison, Hoover Dam’s 17 generators have a total capacity of 2,000 megawatts. A dynamo can run continuously for about 25 years or more with little or no maintenance, no external fuel source, and no pollution. If a dynamo’s output is 1 megawatt, its’ total input power is approximately 10 kilowatts; therefore the dynamo’s energy efficiency is about 10,000/

The source of the dynamo’s huge electrical output is a nuclear reaction, which is not generally known to mainstream science. However, it is known that the dynamo produces alpha particles, which are helium nuclei, made from fused deuterium, an isotope of hydrogen with one proton and one neutron. The electrons missing from the helium nuclei are what seem to provide a copious ‘sink’ of electricity, and which happens to be the secret to the dynamo’s ability to generate an exceptionally large amount of electricity. It is also known that the dynamo uses high-density charge clusters. High-density charge clusters are thought by some theorists to be the basis of plasma-injected transmutation of elements and also neutralization of radioactive materials. Unlike hot fusion and fission reactors, the dynamo does not accumulate any radioactive component.

The result of the dynamo’s processes is conversion of electrostatic fields to direct current. I should note, that the clear understanding of the terms like ‘Coulomb’s conversion’ and also ‘liquid Van de Graaf generator’ is very important.

Schematically, the dynamo is an electrostatic transformer, or in other words an electrostatic voltage multiplier. One version of the dynamo is designed, which uses laser for a starter. There were three dynamo prototypes built. The first two small experimental prototypes were built in Vladivostok. The third and last prototype continuously generated electricity, except when turned off to incorporate improvements, from 1992 to January 1997 in Armenia.

It was mentioned above that the Armenian prototype generated a direct current of 6,800 amperes at 220 volts, that is, about 1.5 megawatts. Minimum power output has bee 500,000 watts, and maximum power output has been 2.5 megawatts during winter experiments due to better cooling. The Armenian prototype dynamo’s toroid weighed 900 kilograms and had a diameter of approximately 2 meters. Cooling water is circulated through copper pipes wrapped around the toroid. The heat is expelled from the cooling water with a heat exchanger. The working temperature was typically 36 degrees.

After a dynamo is assembled, the water is literally ‘jump-started’ (by discharging a large bank of capacitors) to moving around the toroid. The start impulse pressure is as high as 400 atmospheres. The dynamo’s controls are temporarily set to generating enough of a modest amount of electricity to sustain itself, possible even while being transported from the factory to its place of future operation. The control circuits are simple as only sensors and a control computer are used. We do not need any technical maintenance personnel.

For the Armenian prototype dynamo, two 10-Farad capacitor batteries were used to provide the initial water motion (acceleration and excitation of water). The capacitors were 20 kilograms each, with diameters of 50 cm, and were supplied from Russian military radar stations. Using a total of 20,000 Joules, 100,000 Volts with 0.05 Amperes of current were applied to the Armenian dynamo for 3-5 minutes to ionize and polarize the water, which then started the generation of electricity.

The reason for the very high voltage provided by the large Russian radar capacitors, when starting the generator, appears to be to polarize the crystals of barium titanate. One comparison is with the electronic ignition on a gas stove. Once the barium titanate crystals are polarized, the generator is running.

After these capacitors had been used to jump-start the dynamo, a battery of buffer batteries sustained continuous operation when water motion and ionizing began. This battery bank contained 8 powerful 12-volt, 150-ampere lead batteries. The dynamo’s sustaining input power was 14,400 watts. The nominal maximum output power was about 1.5 megawatts. Once, the output current was accidentally increased to 40,000 amperes for almost a minute. Fortunately, the power was reduced to a safe level before the water started to boil. Internal coils (windings) provide the control of water velocity and therefore control dynamo power. The faster the water is moving, the more electricity the dynamo generates. Once the water stops circulating around the toroid, the dynamo must be jump-started again to a minimum power level before it can sustain its electricity generation with its own output power.

The following is a condensed summary, with some editing and additional commentary, of the description of the dynamo’s Russian patent IPC H 02 K 44/00, ‘Method of Deriving Electrical Energy and Realization of Gritskevich’s MHD-Generator’.

The dynamo is a sealed polystyrene toroid filled with ultra-pure distilled water with heavy water (deuterium oxide) added. Movement of water inside the closed loop and use of unique properties of water as a polar liquid cause a release of electrical energy as an outcome of a rupture of hydrogen connections. Additional electrical energy is drawn from nuclear reactions and micro-cavity processes. The liquid is ionized, polarized, and moving around the toroid at start-up time by a running field with the help of stimulating electromagnetic windings.

Electrostatic generator-transformer ‘Hydro-Magnetic Dynamo’ (GT-HMD) works due to the process of amplification and maintenance of stationary (oscillating in particular) electromagnetic field by hydrodynamic movements of the conductive medium. The stator (i.e., the toroid) is made of materials with a high dielectric permittivity. Liquid rotor is a recombined water (pure water with high molecular compounds) which moves due to the high-voltage discharges and running electromagnetic field.

The main processes in GT-HMD are:

A principle of Van de Graaf’s electrostatic generator, where the solid insulating tape was changed to the liquid one;

A perpetual washout of the surface electrons from the spacer layer takes place;

A single-turn low-frequency generator works as a coaxial turn with 4 resonance points and energy carrying substance inside it that has very high resonance properties;

The electrostatic breakdowns of cavitation-vacuum structures in water take place.

The polar liquid (pure water) consists of dipoles only, i.e., strictly oriented charged molecules. During the interaction of ionized pure water with the layer of BaTiO3 the electrostatic field of above 10 million volts/cm is formed. During this process the breakdown of physical vacuum takes place.

Electrostatic field coupled with action of Barium Titanate layer (if we apply electrical field to Barium Titanate, then this layer creates to sound vibrations of about 25 KHz,; this vibration helps to destroy the molecules of water) facilitate the further destruction of molecular-atomic structures of water. And due to the perpetual electrostatic discharges the breakdowns in cavitation-vacuum structures occurs and the reaction of cold nuclear fusion proceeds. With this fusion the energy of 500 kJ/mole is liberated in vacuum and the energy of 6 kJ.mole is liberated in water. Thus, new hydrogen binding form in vacuum with the energy liberation of about 20 kJ/mole. Due to this process the acceleration of ionization of polar liquid takes place. In addition the constant ‘washing out’ of the incomplete electron bindings from the layer of Barium Titanate occur, i.e., free electrons form. Due to this process the polar liquid transforms to the ordered flow of electrons and negative ions, which can be called very simply an ionic-electric current.

Works on creation of the experimental generator were begun in September 1991 in Armenia and came to an end in March 1992. The active working weight of the prototype of the dynamo (torus + water) was about 900 kg. The diameter of the torus was about 2 meters. Torus was made of the impact-resistant optic polysterol. This torus consisted of two halves, which were turned on the merry-go-round machine.

The mono-crystalline barium titanate was sprayed on the internal surface of the torus; its dielectric permitivity was 6000. The thickness of the layer was about 1 micron. The water was purified to the specific resistance of 18,000,000 Ohm/cm.

[Editor’s Note: --- Let us remind the reader that distilled water is a good dielectric with permitivity of about 81. Usually water is not a dielectric.]
As we mentioned above, to start the dynamo, 2 condenser jars of 10 Farads each were used. The energy of a starting battery constituted 20,000 Joules, the voltage was 100,000 Volts, and the current was 0.05 Amperes to provide the initial movement of water (acceleration and disturbance).

[ Editor’s Note: --- Such a small current can be explained by the good electrical properties of water. Thus, it provides a high effectiveness to the system.]

The electrodes were made of metal tubes with diameter of about 5 mm. The dynamo ‘ignites’ by these electrodes. 32 Electrodes were installed uniformly along the torus of the generator.

The cooling system of the body of generator was a closed circuit with circulatory purified water. Copper tubes were used in this system, which were covered with glass insulation. They also were the leads of load winding. The temperature of the toroid was maintained not higher than 50 C.

An average output power with the load was 220 volts x 6800 ampere = 1490 KW. The current was direct. Periodically the power increased up to 2.5 MW, when sufficient cooling of the generator was provided.

The additional power was received from four resonance windings. This alternating current after the rectifier was used to charge the back-up battery. Thus, the total output power constituted more than 1.5 MW.

The low-frequency voltage was obtained from the load windings and the DC was obtained from the stabilization chamber.

Let’s note that the high-voltage discharges of 32 electrodes ionize the partially pre-ionized water further. By means of the stimulation windings, a running magnetic field is created which moves the water in one direction inside the toroid. An electromotive force is created by the electromagnetic induction in a separate set of windings.

As we already mentioned, during the movement of the water stream, free electrons are created, and an additional energy gets emitted because of the water’s friction (viscosity) against the layer coated on the inside surface of the toroid, because of electrostatic breakdowns of cavity-vacuum structures, and because of the ongoing nuclear reaction.

In addition to the barium titanate deposited on the Teflon-coated inner surface of the polystyrene toroid. The water itself also contains tiny barium titanate crystals in suspension. Ultrasound at 15 KHz is propagated through the water to form micro-bubbles on the surfaces of the suspended barium titanate crystals. Again due to the barium titanate’s piezoelectric action, very high electrostatic fields also are developed within the micro-bubbles at the surface of the crystals. The electrons from the nuclear reaction are added to the electrons generated at the toroid’s inner surface. The total amount of crystalline barium titanate in the Armenian dynamo was nearly 1000 grams.

Patent WO 0115305A1 (in Russian; PDF format)

Dynamo Economics

The dynamo’s production cost is estimated at $500 per kilowatt which is competitive to nuclear power’s capital cost of $5000/KW, windmill capital costs of $4000/KW, etc. A well-run nuclear power plant can generate power for 1.5 cents/KH-hour. Coal at 1.8 cents, natural gas at 3.4 cents, and oil at 4.1 cents, on the average. The dynamo’s operating costs would be approximately 0.1 cent/KW-hour with no external fuel needed and without pollution.

Dynamos could replace all nuclear power plants, solar installations, wood-burning furnaces, hydroelectric dams, windmills, fossil-fueled power plants, etc. Satellites, locomotives, heavy trucks, airplanes, and ships are obvious transportation applications.

A recent IEEE Spectrum article stated that the world demands for electricity increases approximately 500 MW every day. To put this in perspective, the equivalent of another Hoover Dam would have to be built every four days to keep up with world electricity increased demand. Or, a dynamo manufacturing company would have to build another 500 MW dynamo every single day to keep up with world electricity increased demand in addition to replacing all existing generators fueled by hydro, nuclear, and fossil fuels.

US Patent Application # 2004168716 (A1)


Oleg V. GRITSKEVICH, et al.

Classification: - international: H02N3/00; F24J3/00; F25B9/04; H02K44/08; H02N3/00; F24J3/00; F25B9/02; H02K44/00; (IPC1-7): F25B;- european: F24J3/00B; F25B9/04; H02K44/08B; US Cl. 136/205
Application number: NO20030003712 20030820
Priority number(s): RU20010105128 20010221; WO2001RU00503 20011122
Also published as:  EP1396690 (A1) // WO02066909 (A1) // CN1491338 (A) //  CA2437493 (A1) // NO20033712

Abstract --- The invention relates to the electric-power industry and can be used for producing both thermal and electric energy and for measuring the liquid or gas flow temperature. The aim of the invention is to increase the performance of the vortex tube based on Ranke's effect and to extend the functional capabilities thereof for producing electric energy. The inventive methods for transforming energy of a running liquid or gas flow inside the vortex tube using Ranke's effect are carried out by an additional heating of liquid or gas in the hot part of the vortex tube and/or additional production of electric energy taken from windings (10) mounted on the vortex tube-case (1), the said case being made of a dielectric material. The inventive vortex tube for carrying out the said method comprises a tube-case (1) provided with a cyclone (3) at the end side thereof. Though, the said case is not grounded and is made of an electrically non-conductive material with electro-static properties.

Correspondence: Andrey Ermolinsky --- PO Box 35 94, Vladivostok 690035 RU


[0001] This invention relates to the electric-power industry and can be used for the production of both thermal and electric energy as well as for the alterations of temperature inside the liquid or gas flows.


[0002] A French engineer J. Ranke's usage of a vortex tube for the transformation and extraction of energy is widely known. First, the vortex tube was used to divide a gas flow into the hot and the cold streams. A classic Ranke's vortex tube [1; 2, page 108] contains a cylindrical tube with on one end a cyclone, which is connected to one of the edge sides of the case, having a diaphragm on the other edge side (cold part), and a breaking device, which is a regulating cone inside the cone at the end, opposite to the cyclone (hot part). Compressed gas is fed tangently through the cyclone to the tube where it is divided inside the vortex flow into the cold (central) and the hot (peripheral) components. A cold gas flow leaves the tube through the diaphragm, and a hot part of the flow gets out through a ring-gap between the inner surface of the tube and a regulating cone.

[0003] Later on, the works on increasing the Ranke's vortex tube effectiveness were aimed at the optimization of the constructive elements parameters; for example, through the use of a coned case [3], through optimization of dimensions correlations [4], through bringing into the flow part the elements, which organize and preserve the laminar and turbulent flow mode [5], through the correlation between the elements--for instance by connecting the hot flow to the cold outflow [6].

[0004] The usage of the Ranke's gas vortex tubes known constructions is not effective enough, particularly because the movement energy of the loaded particles, which occur during the vortex flow movement process, and peculiarities of the correlations between the thermo-dynamic parameters of different flow cuts are not used.

[0005] Much later a liquid splitting was carried out into Ranke's vortex tube (water in particular), yet it has been divided not into the cold and the hot streams, but into the cold and the warm flows [2, page 171]. The simplest vortex tube used for such a splitting in order to heat the water, contains a tube-case with a cyclone on one end connected to the case on the edge side [7]. The effectiveness of water heating in such a tube--when calculated on the base of the classic thermo-dynamic laws--exceeded 100%. The placement of a straightening break inside the tube--particularly the radial ribs--resulted in the effectiveness increase of 150-200%. Besides, the occurrence of additional energy (which was proved in practice) was explained by the cold nuclear synthesis reaction (occurring, for instance, as a result of cavitations), by the vortex movement radiation, in other words by the transformation of the waters inner energy (intermolecular correlative energy as well as the energy of the inter-, inner and external-nuclear correlations) into the heating [2, page 193]. Yet the movement energy of the loaded particles, which occurs as a result of the abovementioned reactions, was not used in the applications of the known Ranke's vortex tube. Besides, the particularities of the thermo-dynamic parameters correlation in different flow-sections were not used sufficiently though the effectiveness increase of the vortex tube function by the increase of the outflow waters temperature up to more than C. [2, page 166] (external heating) has been notified.


[0006] The disclosed technical task is to increase the effectiveness of the vortex tube operation using the Ranke's effect as well as to enlarge its functional possibilities--to produce the electric energy with it.

[0007] The first method of transforming energy from the running liquid or gas flow inside the vortex tube based on Ranke's effect is achieved through the additional heating of liquid or gas in the hot part of the vortex tube; thereby the effect of such a heating is somewhat higher than the heating of the initial liquid or gas.

[0008] It is recommendable to conduct some additional heating by means of electrical ignition impulses-discharges, for example inside the gap between the breaking device and the inner surface of the vortex tubes hot part, thus inside the hot flow. Heating the breaking device itself is also possible.

[0009] The second method allows some additional electric energy taking, which is obtained from the electromagnetic windings mounted on the vortex tube-case made of dielectric material. It is recommendable to isolate the vortex tube-case from the ground. The laser--preferably the UV-diapason one--might irradiate the liquid or gas flows. It is recommendable to send the laser beam along the vortex tube axe from the cold part to the hot one.

[0010] The best result is achieved by mixing both methods: additional heating is done by means of electric power generated by the case windings.

[0011] Vortex tube used for this method contains a tube-case with a cyclone on the end connected to the case with one edge side; hereby the case is not grounded and is made from electrically non-conductive material with electro-static features.

[0012] A tube-case can be made as a rotational paraboloid with its cross-section, which becomes bigger away from the cyclone connection side. It is recommendable to position the tube-case vertically while the cyclone connection side is mounted downwards. It is recommendable to use the tube-case material which has a bigger co-efficient of dielectric penetration than a liquid or a gas the vortex tube is used for.

[0013] Another cyclones edge side might have a diaphragm with its axe direction coinciding the tube-case and its diameters opening smaller than the inner diameter of the tube-case. Optical quantum generator might be additionally mounted on the cyclone side of the tube-case external edge; the axe of its beam spreading coinciding the tube-case axe. It is recommendable to use a UV-diapason optical quantum generator. It is recommendable to use a material, which possesses the ability to reflect the beams generated by the optical quantum generator at least for the tube-cases inner surface or a part of it. The inner surface of the tube-case or a part of it might have a coating which has a bigger dielectric penetration co-efficient than a running liquid or gas which the vortex tube is used for; hereby it is recommendable to use a coating made of segneto-electric material.

[0014] At least one inner tube with the open edges made of dielectric material with a dielectric penetration co-efficient bigger than this of liquid or gas the vortex tube is used for, can be placed with a gap coaxially free inside the tube-case; hereby the inner tube length should be less than the tube-case length.

[0015] The inner tube can be made of dielectric material with magnetic features, yet hereby the magnetic power direction coincides the tube axe itself

[0016] Breaking device can be mounted inside the tube-case on the end opposite to the cyclone; it can be, for example, a gap-mounted regulating cone, particularly hole and/or with a concaved surface, with an axe correlating with the case and its peak towards the cyclone.

[0017] It is recommendable to have the electromagnetic winding mounted on the case. Breaking device can be provided with a heater, preferable an electric one.

[0018] Besides, it is recommendable to construct a heater, which consists of at least one pair of electrodes, one of which is mounted on the breaking device, and another--oppositely on the tube-case. It is possible to place several pairs of electrodes with their working parts placed inside the gap between the breaking device (regulating cone) and the tube-case inner surface. It is recommendable to have the electric heater electrically connected to the electromagnetic winding.

[0019] The heater might be also non-electric, thus containing a burner for burning the liquid or gas fuel; thereby the burner's nozzle is directed inside the breaking device cone cavity.


[0020] The invention is illustrated by the drawings of a thermo-electric water generator. FIG. 1 shows the general outlook of a cylindrical thermo-electric generator (water-flow direction is shown with the arrows), FIG. 2 shows the cross-section of its middle part. FIG. 3 shows the general outlook of a coned thermoelectric generator.


[0021] The invention is explained on the examples of the thermo-electric water generator based on the Gritskevich's Vortex Tube.

[0022] A cylindrical thermoelectric generator, which is placed vertically as it is shown on FIG. 1, contains a tube-case 1 with a cold part, which is switching a snail-formed cyclone 2 with an injector nozzle 3 and a diaphragm with an opening 4. A hot part contains an outlet nozzle 5, a regulating cone 6 with an axe-regulating device 7 and a pair of electrodes 8, which are evenly spread along the circumference of a gap between the case 1 and the cone 6. A case 1 is coated inside with a thin layer of Titanate Barium (TiBa) and is provided outside with an electromagnetic winding 9. Case 1, snail 2, cone 6 and nozzles 3 and 5 are made of plastic and isolated from the ground.

[0023] A cold-water flow entering the cold part through the nozzle 2 is divided into the warm (central) and the hot (peripheral) parts inside the vortex movement generated by the snail 2 in the case 1. While rotating, the hot part of the flow adjusting the inner layer 9 moves to the case 1 hot part and flows out from it through the ring-gap between the case edge 1 and a cone 2. While rotating, the warm part of the flow reflected from the cone 4 moves towards the opening 4 and flows out through it. Being partly ionized (through its friction against the layer 9 and through cavitations processes of cold nuclear synthesis), the water gets additional ionization through the electrodes 8 high-voltage discharges; the additional water heating is done also by means of those discharges. The electric movement power occurs through electro-magnetic induction in the winding 10. A part of the windings 10 electric energy is used for the creation of discharges between the electrodes 8. To improve the water flow splitting into the warm and the hot parts as well as to increase the water ionization ratio, a plastic inner tube 11 can be placed inside the case 1 as it is shown on FIG. 2. Plastic has to have magnetic features; magnetic power direction of the tube 11 has to be directed along its axe, which allows the exact centering of the tube 11 during the thermoelectric generator operation.

[0024] FIG. 3 shows an example of a coned thermoelectric generator set (electro-magnetic winding is not shown); its construction and details are similar to the abovementioned construction of a cylindrical thermo-electric generator. A thermo-electric generator is mounted also vertically and contains a coned tube-case 12 with a cold part, which switches on the cyclone constructed as a tangent-feeding nozzle 13, a diaphragm with an opening 14 and a UV-diapason optical quantum generator (not shown). The hot part contains a regulating cone 15. Parabolas form the case 12 inner and the cone 15 external coned surfaces. Coned thermo-electric generator works similarly to the abovementioned cylindrical thermoelectric generator with one exception that there is no additional water heating in the hot part, while a UV-diapason laser beam passing through the opening 14 provides additional water ionization.

Information Sources

[0025] 1. U.S. Pat. No. 1,952,281, 1934.

[0026] 2. Ju. S. Potapov, L. P. Fomiskiy, "Vortex power engineering and cold nuclear synthesis from the position of the movement theory".--Kishinew-Cherkassy: "OKO-Plus", 2000.

[0027] 3. Certificate SU 1304526, 1976.

[0028] 4. U.S. Pat. No. 3,277,28, 1994.

[0029] 5. Patent application RU 5067921, publications date: Jan. 9, 1995.

[0030] 6. Patent application RU 95110338, publications date: Jun. 20, 1997.

[0031] 7. Patent RU 2045715, 1995 (the prototype)

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