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Robert KOENEMAN, et al.
Hydrogen Generator









Joi Scientific, Inc.
NB Power Licenses Mystery Tech
Press Release
US10047445 -- HYDROGEN GENERATION SYSTEM
US2019085476 -- RING-REFLECTOR HYDROGEN GENERATION SYSTEM
US10214820 -- Energy Extraction System And Methods
AU2015362607 -- HYDROGEN GENERATION SYSTEM
US2017130350 -- Signal Generation System For A Hydrogen Generation System
US9347142 -- FEEDBACK CIRCUIT FOR A HYDROGEN GENERATION SYSTEM
US9340886 -- Positive reactive circuit for a hydrogen generation system
US9340885 -- Negative reactive circuit for a hydrogen generation system



https://www.joiscientific.com/overview/
Joi Scientific, Inc.
Joi Scientific, Inc.
Kennedy Space Center

Space Life Sciences Lab
505 Odyssey Way, Suite #103
Merritt Island, Florida 32953

209-787-3564 (209-PURE JOI)
info@joiscientific.com

... No Emissions.

Unlike traditional hydrogen production processes that emit 5 kilograms of greenhouse gases for every 1 kilogram of hydrogen produced, Hydrogen 2.0 production processes can generate hydrogen without the use of chemicals or electrolysis. There’s no new greenhouse gases, no emissions, no particulates, no heavy metals, and no negative environmental impact.

The consumption of hydrogen fuel returns only water back into the atmosphere...

Cost Competitive.

Hydrogen 2.0 is designed to be produced in abundance on a cost-competitive basis. Since Hydrogen 2.0 is made from nature’s most abundant resources, it won’t require expensive exploration or drilling and is available 24/7.

The benefits of Hydrogen 2.0 can be shared worldwide without the need for the highly expensive infrastructure required for the transportation and distribution of traditional hydrogen, making it ideal for developing economies. ..



https://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/nb-power-mystery-tech-for-hydrogen-grid
March 14, 2019

NB Power Licenses Mystery Tech to Build a Hydrogen-Powered Electricity Grid
The Canadian utility has invested millions to use Joi Scientific’s hydrogen process.
Jason Deign

Canadian utility New Brunswick Power has invested millions of dollars to license a mysterious hydrogen production technology being developed by the Florida-based company Joi Scientific.

The two companies last month said the deal would help NB Power develop the world’s first hydrogen-powered distributed electricity grid.

But the deployment of hydrogen production stations on the NB Power grid is dependent on Joi Scientific being able to scale up its technology, which is still in the laboratory phase.

Executives at NB Power and Joi Scientific refused to disclose the value of the deal, but did not dispute a published figure of CAD $13 million (USD $9.8 million).

The partnership was slammed by Canadian Green Party leader David Coon, who told the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) that NB Power did not have a mandate “to be acting like an angel investor in someone’s project in Florida.”

The technology espoused by Joi Scientific “remains a mystery,” he said.

Coon declined to comment further for GTM. But CBC confirmed that searches by scientists at the University of Moncton in New Brunswick had failed to turn up papers relating to the process. The heads of Joi Scientific and NB Power remained tight-lipped over the details.

“We’re specifically not talking about how the technology works because there is additional work we are doing,” said Traver Kennedy, Joi Scientific’s CEO and the former chief strategist at Citrix Systems, a technology company.

Gaëtan Thomas, NB Power’s president and CEO, revealed the technology involved “a nanopulse-driven signal that basically allows [us] to get hydrogen out of saltwater. It’s almost mind-boggling how it works.”

Joi Scientific, which in 2016 raised almost $5 million from investors including GoPro backer Dean Woodman, has six U.S. patents, Kennedy said, and would be publishing scientific papers on the process “perhaps as early as next year.”

Modular hydrogen production

The company describes its technology as a modular hydrogen production unit or system that could provide fuel to drive engines or fuel cells. The units would be housed in containers resembling server racks, said Kennedy.

The production process is not based on electrolysis and has no negative environmental impact, according to Joi Scientific’s website. Also, unlike electrolysis, the process uses seawater instead of pure water, Kennedy said.

Nor does it involve a surface reaction, he revealed. “We’ve been able to make our system smaller and smaller and yet increase the production of hydrogen,” he commented.

Thomas said he hoped that at scale the process would be able to produce hydrogen at a cost competitive with fossil fuels. He cited an all-in levelized cost of between 5 cents and 8 cents per kilowatt-hour (4 cents to 6 cents USD).

Both companies insisted NB Power had carried out exhaustive due diligence on Joi Scientific’s hydrogen concept. The license signing followed two years of scalability testing on the process, said Kennedy.

A calculated risk

As part of the agreement, NB Power is working alongside Joi Scientific’s team at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida to build a scaled-up prototype for field trials on the utility’s grid, possibly within a year.

Commercialization of small hydrogen production units might take one or two years, said Thomas at NB Power. Ultimately, Joi Scientific helps to scale the process up to plants with a capacity of 100 megawatts. Thomas said this could take three to five years.

NB Power is hoping to use the technology to decarbonize its generation portfolio. A key goal is to use hydrogen to replace coal at NB Power’s 467-megawatt Belledune plant, which accounts for about 20 percent of the company’s carbon footprint.

Hydrogen could also help NB Power to improve grid resilience, Kennedy said.

By locating up to 30 hydrogen production stations ranging from 500 kilowatts to 2 megawatts around the electricity network, the utility would be able to guard against blackouts caused by transmission line failures, he said.

Finally, NB Power could act as an agent for the technology across North America. Thomas said taking out the license with Joi Scientific was “a calculated risk.”

Faced with resorting to new hydro or nuclear to replace coal, “It’s a relatively modest investment compared to the options we have in our hands,” he said. “It could actually keep rates lower and create new revenue. There’s a lot of upside here.”

NB Power is the second company to ink a license agreement with Joi Scientific. The first, announced last September, was with MarineMax, the world’s largest boat and yacht retailer, for on-board power systems.



https://www.nbpower.com/media/1489057/nb-power-and-joi-scientific_02222019_final.pdf

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Joi Scientific and New Brunswick Power to Develop World’s First Hydrogen-Powered Distributed Electricity Grid

New Brunswick could see up to 30 distributed Hydrogen 2.0 production stations deployed for zero-carbon baseload generation



https://worldwide.espacenet.com/advancedSearch?locale=en_EP
Patents

HYDROGEN GENERATION SYSTEM

US10047445
[ PDF ]
A hydrogen generation system includes a signal generation system configured to generate a driver signal, wherein the driver signal is a pulsed DC signal. A signal processing system is configured to process the driver signal and generate a chamber excitation signal. A hydrogen generation chamber is configured to receive the chamber excitation signal and generate hydrogen from a feedstock contained within the hydrogen generation chamber. The hydrogen generation chamber includes: at least one hollow cylindrical anode configured to contain the feedstock, and at least one cathode positioned within the at least one hollow cylindrical anode. The signal processing system includes: a positive reactive circuit coupled to the anode of the hydrogen generation chamber, a negative reactive circuit coupled to the cathode of the hydrogen generation chamber, and a feedback circuit that is configured to couple the cathode of the hydrogen generation chamber to the anode of the hydrogen generation chamber.

This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/091,702, entitled “Polyphonic Methods and Related Apparatus and Arrangements” and filed on 15 Dec. 2014, the entire contents of which is herein incorporated by reference.

This application is a Continuation-in-Part (CIP) of U.S. Utility patent application Ser. No. 14/616,851, entitled “Energy Extraction System and Methods” and filed on 09 Feb. 2015, the entire contents of which are herein incorporated by reference.

TECHNICAL FIELD
This disclosure relates to hydrogen generation systems and, more particularly, to hydrogen generation systems that use hydrolysis to generate hydrogen from feedstock.

BACKGROUND
Currently, the majority of the energy consumed by the developed world has its origins in fossil fuels. Unfortunately, there are many well-documented problems associated with over-reliance upon energy generated from fossil fuels, such as: pollution and climate change caused by the emission of greenhouse gases: the finite nature of fossil fuels and the dwindling reserves of such carbon-based energy sources; and the concentration of control of petroleum-based energy supplies by various volatile countries and OPEC.

Accordingly, there is a need for alternative sources of energy. One such alternative energy source includes hydrogen generation systems that produce hydrogen via hydrolysis. Ideally, such hydrogen generation systems would be capable of producing hydrogen gas without the presence of oxygen, wherein such hydrogen may be used for industrial, commercial and residential purposes.

For example, when greater than 99% pure, hydrogen may be used in generator cooling, steel production, glass production, and semiconductor and photovoltaic cell production. When less than 99% pure, hydrogen may be used in various industries, such as the aerospace industry, the animal feed industry, the automotive industry, the baking industry, the chemical industry, the ethanol industry, the food processing industry, the dairy industry, the meat industry, the manufacturing industry, the medical industry, the hospitality industry, the laundry/uniform industry, the marine and offshore industry, the military and defense industry, the mining industry, the oil and gas industry, the paper/corrugating industry, the pharmaceutical industry, the rubber industry, the steel and metals industry, the tobacco industry, the transportation industry, the wire and cable industry, and the education industry.

Unfortunately, there are a number of significant hurdles that prevent the widespread use of hydrogen in commercial, industrial, and residential applications. These hurdles include cost, efficiency, and safety. First and foremost, creating hydrogen gas in a traditional manner is inefficient and costly, or even environmentally harmful when produced via reformation (i.e., the primary commercial method). Secondly, hydrogen's very low mass and energy density makes it challenging to get enough mass of hydrogen gas safely in one place to be of practical value to a user. The result is that hydrogen has been prohibitively expensive to produce, compress, cryogenically cool, maintain (at pressure and temperature), contain (due to its very small molecule structure), and transport. Accordingly, pressure, temperature, flammability, explosiveness, and low ignition energy requirement are all significant safety issues concerning the widespread use of hydrogen.

SUMMARY OF DISCLOSURE
In one implementation, a hydrogen generation system includes a signal generation system configured to generate a driver signal. The driver signal is a pulsed DC signal. A signal processing system is configured to process the driver signal and generate a chamber excitation signal. A hydrogen generation chamber is configured to receive the chamber excitation signal and generate hydrogen from a feedstock contained within the hydrogen generation chamber. The hydrogen generation chamber includes: at least one hollow cylindrical anode configured to contain the feedstock and at least one cathode positioned within the at least one hollow cylindrical anode. The signal processing system includes: a positive reactive circuit coupled to the anode of the hydrogen generation chamber, a negative reactive circuit coupled to the cathode of the hydrogen generation chamber, and a feedback circuit that is configured to couple the cathode of the hydrogen generation chamber to the anode of the hydrogen generation chamber.

One or more of the following features may be included. The signal generation system may include: a pulsed DC source configured to generate a pulsed DC source signal, a mono-directional blocking circuit configured to receive the pulsed DC source signal and generate the driver signal, and a filter circuit configured to filter the driver signal and remove AC components. The positive reactive circuit may include an inductive component and a capacitive component. The inductive component may be in parallel with the capacitive component. The capacitive component may be sized based, at least in part, upon one or more physical characteristics of the hydrogen generation chamber. The capacitive component may be sized based, at least in part, upon one or more physical characteristics of the feedstock contained within the hydrogen generation chamber. The negative reactive circuit may include an inductive component and a capacitive component. The inductive component may be in parallel with the capacitive component. The capacitive component may be sized based, at least in part, upon one or more physical characteristics of the hydrogen generation chamber. The capacitive component may be sized based, at least in part, upon one or more physical characteristics of the feedstock contained within the hydrogen generation chamber. The feedback circuit may include a capacitive component. The capacitive component may be sized based, at least in part, upon one or more physical characteristics of the hydrogen generation chamber. The capacitive component may be sized based, at least in part, upon one or more physical characteristics of the feedstock contained within the hydrogen generation chamber. The capacitive component may include two discrete capacitors. A first of the discrete capacitors may be coupled to the anode of the hydrogen generation chamber. A second of the discrete capacitors may be coupled to the cathode of the hydrogen generation chamber. The feedback circuit may include an asymmetrically conductive component. The asymmetrically conductive component may be positioned between the two discrete capacitors. The at least one cathode may be positioned along a longitudinal centerline of the at least one hollow cylindrical anode. The at least one cathode may be constructed, at least in part, of tungsten. The at least one hollow cylindrical anode may be constructed, at least in part, of graphite. The at least one hollow cylindrical anode may have an inside diameter that is 2,400% to 2,600% of an outside diameter of the at least one cathode positioned within the cylindrical anode. The at least one hollow cylindrical anode may have an inner diameter of 25.0 millimeters and the at least one cathode positioned within the hollow cylindrical anode may have an outside diameter of 1.0millimeter. The at least one cathode positioned within the at least one hollow cylindrical anode may have a longitudinal length that is 190% to 210% of the inside diameter of the at least one hollow cylindrical anode. The at least one cathode positioned within the at least one hollow cylindrical anode may have a longitudinal length of 50.0 millimeters.

In another implementation, a hydrogen generation system includes a signal generation system configured to generate a driver signal. The signal generation system includes: a pulsed DC source configured to generate a pulsed DC source signal, a mono-directional blocking circuit configured to receive the pulsed DC source signal and generate a driver signal, and a filter circuit configured to filter the driver signal and remove AC components. A signal processing system is configured to process the driver signal and generate a chamber excitation signal. A hydrogen generation chamber is configured to receive the chamber excitation signal and generate hydrogen from a feedstock contained within the hydrogen generation chamber. The hydrogen generation chamber includes: at least one hollow cylindrical anode configured to contain the feedstock, and at least one cathode positioned within the at least one hollow cylindrical anode. The signal processing system includes: a positive reactive circuit coupled to the anode of the hydrogen generation chamber and including an inductive component and a capacitive component, a negative reactive circuit coupled to the cathode of the hydrogen generation chamber and including an inductive component and a capacitive component, and a feedback circuit that is configured to couple the cathode of the hydrogen generation chamber to the anode of the hydrogen generation chamber.

One or more of the following features may be included. The feedback circuit may include a capacitive component. The capacitive component may be sized based, at least in part, upon one or more physical characteristics of the hydrogen generation chamber. The capacitive component may be sized based, at least in part, upon one or more physical characteristics of the feedstock contained within the hydrogen generation chamber. The at least one hollow cylindrical anode may have an inside diameter that is 2,400% to 2,600% of an outside diameter of the at least one cathode positioned within the cylindrical anode. The at least one hollow cylindrical anode may have an inner diameter of 25.0 millimeters and the at least one cathode positioned within the hollow cylindrical anode may have an outside diameter of 1.0 millimeter. The at least one cathode positioned within the at least one hollow cylindrical anode may have a longitudinal length that is 190% to 210% of the inside diameter of the at least one hollow cylindrical anode. The at least one cathode positioned within the at least one hollow cylindrical anode may have a longitudinal length of 50.0 millimeters.

In another implementation, a hydrogen generation system includes a signal generation system configured to generate a driver signal. The signal generation system includes: a pulsed DC source configured to generate a pulsed DC source signal, a mono-directional blocking circuit configured to receive the pulsed DC source signal and generate a driver signal, and a filter circuit configured to filter the driver signal and remove AC components. A signal processing system is configured to process the driver signal and generate a chamber excitation signal. A hydrogen generation chamber is configured to receive the chamber excitation signal and generate hydrogen from a feedstock contained within the hydrogen generation chamber. The hydrogen generation chamber includes: at least one hollow cylindrical anode configured to contain the feedstock, and at least one cathode positioned within the at least one hollow cylindrical anode. The signal processing system includes: a positive reactive circuit coupled to the anode of the hydrogen generation chamber and including an inductive component and a capacitive component, a negative reactive circuit coupled to the cathode of the hydrogen generation chamber and including an inductive component and a capacitive component, and a feedback circuit that is configured to couple the cathode of the hydrogen generation chamber to the anode of the hydrogen generation chamber. The at least one hollow cylindrical anode has an inside diameter that is 2,400% to 2,600% of an outside diameter of the at least one cathode positioned within the cylindrical anode. The at least one cathode positioned within the at least one hollow cylindrical anode has a longitudinal length that is 190% to 210% of the inside diameter of the at least one hollow cylindrical anode.

One or more of the following features may be included. The positive reactive circuit may be configured as a band-stop filter. The negative reactive circuit may be configured as a band-stop filter.



RING-REFLECTOR HYDROGEN GENERATION SYSTEM
US2019085476
[ PDF Not Available ]
A system for extracting hydrogen from seawater includes a hollow chamber defined by a cylindrical wall, a cylindrical member within the chamber, a mechanism for recirculating conductive fluid through the chamber, a power supply connected via reactive circuits to the chamber wall to form an anode and to the cylindrical member to form a cathode and providing an input pulse DC voltage during a duty cycle on portion and an off cycle chamber return load circuit connected to the reactive circuits, and an off cycle chamber return load circuit connected to the positive and negative reactive circuits wherein the reactive circuits and the off cycle chamber return load circuit: process voltages returning from the chamber during an off portion of the duty cycle, the returning voltages resulting from an electro-chemical reaction in the chamber without surface reaction on the cylindrical member, and return the processed voltage to the chamber, wherein the chamber releases hydrogen gas.



Energy Extraction System And Methods
US10214820
[ PDF ]
A hydrogen generation system includes a pulsed drive signal generator to generate a pulsed drive signal, a hydrogen generation chamber to receive the pulsed drive signal and generate hydrogen from a feedstock material contained therein based on the pulsed drive signal and a controllable reactive circuit coupled between the pulsed drive signal generator and the hydrogen generation chamber. A hydrogen detection device is coupled to the hydrogen generation chamber to detect the generated hydrogen. A controller controls the controllable reactive circuit based on detection of the generated hydrogen.



HYDROGEN GENERATION SYSTEM.
AU2015362607
[ PDF ]
A hydrogen generation system includes a signal generation system configured to generate a driver signal. A signal processing system is configured to process the driver signal and generate a chamber excitation signal. A hydrogen generation chamber is configured to receive the chamber excitation signal and generate hydrogen from a feedstock contained within the hydrogen generation chamber.



Signal Generation System For A Hydrogen Generation System
US2017130350
[ PDF ]
A hydrogen generation method includes generating a driver signal wherein the driver signal is a pulsed DC signal, processing the driver signal to generate a chamber excitation signal and applying the chamber excitation signal to a hydrogen generation chamber to generate hydrogen from a feedstock contained within the chamber wherein the hydrogen generation chamber includes at least one hollow cylindrical anode configured to contain the feedstock, and at least one cathode positioned within the at least one hollow cylindrical anode.



FEEDBACK CIRCUIT FOR A HYDROGEN GENERATION SYSTEM
US9347142
[ PDF ]
A hydrogen generation system includes a signal generation system configured to generate a driver signal. A signal processing system is configured to process the driver signal and generate a chamber excitation signal. A hydrogen generation chamber is configured to receive the chamber excitation signal and generate hydrogen from a feedstock contained within the hydrogen generation chamber. The signal processing system includes a feedback circuit that is configured to couple a cathode of the hydrogen generation chamber to an anode of the hydrogen generation chamber.



Positive reactive circuit for a hydrogen generation system
US9340886
[ PDF ]
A hydrogen generation system includes a signal generation system configured to generate a driver signal. A signal processing system is configured to process the driver signal and generate a chamber excitation signal. A hydrogen generation chamber is configured to receive the chamber excitation signal and generate hydrogen from a feedstock contained within the hydrogen generation chamber. The signal processing system includes a positive reactive circuit coupled to an anode of the hydrogen generation chamber.



Negative reactive circuit for a hydrogen generation system
US9340885
[ PDF ]
A hydrogen generation system includes a signal generation system configured to generate a driver signal. A signal processing system is configured to process the driver signal and generate a chamber excitation signal. A hydrogen generation chamber is configured to receive the chamber excitation signal and generate hydrogen from a feedstock contained within the hydrogen generation chamber. The signal processing system includes a negative reactive circuit coupled to a cathode of the hydrogen generation chamber.


 


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