rexresearch.com


Konstantin G. KOROTKOV, et al.

Gas-Discharge Visualization ( GDV )







http://web.archive.org/web/20110618015910/http://mosnews.com/weird/2009/07/30/photosoul/

Russian scientist photographs souls

The activity of Konstantin Korotkov, deputy director of the St. Petersburg Research Institute of Physical Culture and world-renowned authority on Kirlian photography, was recently highlighted by Life.ru. Korotkov is the developer of the gas-discharge visualization (GDV) technique in Kirlian photography.

Kirlian photography takes its name from Soviet electrician Semyon Kirlian, who discovered the process in 1939. It was the subject of extensive research in the 1970s in the Soviet Unionand the West. It is commonly described as photographing an object’s aura. According to a website associated with Korotkov, he “confirmed earlier observations… that the stimulated electro-photonic glow around human fingertips contained astonishingly coherent and comprehensive information about the human state – both physiological and psychological.”

In other words, the GDV technique, which was developed in the late 1990s, can be used for diagnostic and assessment purposes. It is already used to measure stress and monitor the progress of medical treatments. In its most sophisticated form, the GDV technique is incorporated with computer imaging.

Now scientists have taken GDV photographs of a person as he was dying. In the photos, it could be seen that the area of the belly lost its life force (the purported soul) first, followed by the head. The heart and groin were the last to lose their life force, in that order.

Scientists using the GDV technique say that the aura of those who die unexpectedly or violently differs from those who experience a calm death. The souls of the former remain in a state of confusion for several days and return frequently to their bodies, especially at night. Korotkov ascribes that phenomenon to unused energy retained by the soul. He suggests that the GDV technique will also have applications for distinguishing genuine psychics from frauds.



YouTube Videos

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=auoJV4re3nU#t=361
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RmE5Cl2odBQ
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fZczmTkfqKY
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zzSvEb5VV58
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eakdQ_jB3ao




korotkov.org

http://www.medeo.ru/

"MedEO" Limited Company is an authorized dealer of the GDV equipment producer and developer - the company group "Kirlionics Technologies International" ("KTI").
The specialists, working in "MedEO" company, for many years have been involved in supplying GDV devices, training users as well as in research in the field of GDV technologies.

Our staff includes certified specialists who for 3 years had been carrying out research work using GDV-method under the direction of Academician N. P. Bekhtereva (Human Brain Institute) and Professor K.G. Korotkov (IPMO) - the author and creator of the GDV-method.
The specialists of "MedEO" company along with "Kirlionics Technologies International" take part in designing methodological documents on GDV method, GDV software testing, as well as holding seminars and annual congresses on GDV technologies.

Phone: +7(812)953-0857,
E-mail: grv@medeo.ru.

GDV Software Demo :
http://www.medeo.ru/eng/demo.html


The theory of Gas Discharge Visualisation (GDV) method

The main source of image formation is a gas discharge occurring close to the surface of the object under study. One can single out two main discharge types, related to formation of Kirlian images: an avalanche type, developing in a narrow clearance limited by a non-conductor, and the type sliding along the non-conductor surface.

The term "GDV-ography" was introduced for identification of a graghical registration method, and "GDV-grams (images)" - for the description of the image itself (by analogy with widely used terms encephalogram, cardiogram, etc.). The obtained data made it possible to formulate the definition of the method: Biological Emission and Optical Radiation, induced by electro-magnetic field, amplified by Gas Discharge with Visualisation due to computer data processing (BEO GDV).

As opposed to popular methods of medical visualisation, medical decision (diagnostic statement) in GDV-method is made not by means of anatomic structures study, but on the basis of conformal transformations and mathematical evaluation of multi-parameter images, whose parameters depend on psychophysiological state of the organism. At the same time basic physical processes tend to be the same both for biological (BO) and non-organic objects. Functional singularities of BO are manifested mainly in variability and dynamics of gas discharge images.

Gas discharge visualisation (GDV) principle can be presented as follows (see the drawing):



GDV Voltage impulses from a magnetic field generator (5) are sent between the object under study (1) and dielecric plate (2), on which the object is placed. To ensure this a transparent conducting coating is applied on the back surface of the plate (2). With high field intensity in the gas medium of the space of contact between the object (1) and the plate (2) there develops an avalanche and / or sliding gas discharge (GD), whose parameters are determined by the object's properties. With the help of optical system and camera (3) discharge glow is transformed into video-signals that are recorded as separate shots (GDV-grams) or AVI-files into memory block (4), connected to a computer processor. A computer processor is a specialised software complex that enables a researcher to calculate a number of parameters and to make certain diagnostic statements (medical decisions) on their basis.

The following institutions take part in GDV research:

In physics: IPMO (Institute of Precise Mechanics and Optics); Cybernatics Institute of the Russian Science Academy; Montreal University (Canada).
In medicine: St. Petersburg State Medical University named after academician Pavlov; Human Brain Institute of the Russian Science Academy (St. Petersburg); St.Petersburg Medical Military Academy; State Medical Academy of the city of Voronezh; Scientific Research Institute of Obstetrics and Pediatrics (the city of Rostov-na-Donu); Russian Academy of Ayurvedic Medicine; Institute of Orthodox Medicine; Space Medicine Academy; the University of the city of Kuopo (Finland), and Complementary Medicine Centers in 21 countries.

 



PATENTS

DEVICE FOR THE GAS-DISCHARGE VISUALISATION OF AN IMAGE
WO9927417
AU754229

The present invention relates to a device for the gas-discharge visualisation of an image, wherein said device comprises an electrode which is connected to a high-voltage power supply and is used for generating an electric field. This device also includes a dielectric for isolating the object to be studied from the electrode as well as an optically connected television camera for observing the glow of the gas discharge. The dielectric and the electrode are made of an optically transparent material and the electrode is placed between said dielectric and said television camera. The dielectric may include a light guide in the shape of optical fibres which are arranged so as to be parallel, from their light-receiving end, to the plane on which the object to be studied is placed. The electrode is made in the shape of a metallic mesh. The television camera may include a photo-receptor which is optically connected to the light guide and has a fibre-optic input. This device can be used for instantaneously inputting and processing Kirlian images in a computer due to the improved sensitivity and resolution characteristics of the apparatus, thus improving image quality during a gas-discharge visualisation.

The invention pertains to the field of electronics and medicine, and can be used to obtain, process and analyse electronic images using gas discharge luminescence, which occurs when objects are placed within a high-tension electric field.

Level of Technology

It is known that when an object is placed in a high-intensity electrical field, gas discharge luminescence forms around the object, which can be visually observed and captured photographically The first fundamental discovery in what became a series of inventions in this field was made by Mr and Mrs Kirlian in the mid-20lh century (USSR Patent #106401, MKI G03 B 41/100, 1949).

This discovery became known as the Kirlian effect.

Throughout the next 20 years (1949-1969), the Kirlians developed vanous types of devices for photographing the luminescence generated, primarily, by living matter.

The major components of visualisation instruments of this type are: electrode(s) which form the field, the dielectric located between the electrodes and the object studied, and photosensitive material of a photosensitive device.

The primary objectives in developing a new type of such device were to increase the sensitivity of the instrument and the quality and resolution of the captured images. With these goals in mind, various improvements were incorporated, including making the electrodes from a transparent conducting material, covered with an isolating grid. It was proposed that the electrode be joined with an internal mirror placed on the handle, for photographing hard to reach objects (for example, see USSR Patents #164906, MKI G03 G 17/00.

Technological developments over the last several years have led to the ability to automate the processing of Kirlian images with the use of computers.

However, the image acquisition technology used by the researchers has remained unchanged. The researcher obtained the Kirlian image on photographic paper, then, with the aid of a television camera, the image was computerised, and subsequently processed. This approach has significant drawbacks characteristic of all photographic devices. First of all, the images require lengthy chemical development, a labour-intensive process which does not allow for quantitative assessment, since the density of the photo depends not only on the brightness of the Kirlian luminescence, but also on the parameters of the development process. Secondly, additional loss of quality arises when the images are digitised, due to the instability of scaling, nonuniform lighting, lens characteristics, etc. All these factors significantly limited the applicability of Kirlian images to be used for human diagnostic purposes (for example, see US Patent 4222658 MKI G03B 19/00, 1980).

Many researchers tried to capture Kirlian images directly with the use of a TV camera, bypassing the photographer paper. This allows instantaneous input of the Kirlian images into the computer, and to observe rapidly-transpiring process using standard software-hardware means.

There is a known device for gas discharge visualisation composed of an electrode which forms an electric field, a dielectric and a television camera, with the electrode and the TV camera located on the opposite sides of the dielectric (for example, see the book by K. G. Korotkov, The Kirlian Effect, St. Petersburg, Olga Publishers 1995, page 88). The electrode in this device is an opaque metallic sheet, covered by a sheet of opaque dialectic rubber about 5mm thick, slightly larger in size than an electrode. The object of study, for example a human finger, is pressed against the rubber, the electrode is charged, and the luminescence around the pressed finger is recorded with a TV camera located above the object. This device is the most similar to the device being submitted.

However the existing device has a number of deficiencies.

1. A loss of a part of the image during the visualisation of Kirlian luminescence.

The object of study, most often a human finger, invariably shields a section of the image from the camera. Potentially, 2 cameras can be used to capture the entire image, but a digital merging of 2 separate images is so costly and complicated, that it is easier to acquire the image using the known device, and then to input the image into a computer.

2. Low sensitivity of the existing device.

The sensitivity of contemporary TV cameras is within the 350-400 nm wavelength of Kirlian luminescence, and is close to the threshold. The need to record low-intensity luminescence requires setting the TV camera magnification to maximum. However, the transient processes of gas discharge luminescence occurring above the focal plane of the TV camera, decrease the magnification coefficient of the camera, thus reducing the instrument's sensitivity. Cameras that use an electronic-optical converter for brightness magnification do not solve this problem, since the high noise level of the microchannel plate makes it impossible to record rapidly changing images occurring during gas charge visualisation.

3. Low resolution, caused by the necessity to register considerable luminescence by a camera located relatively far from the object (no closer than 100mm), does not permit capturing a dear image of the brief surface gas discharge process occurring in the contact plane of the object being studied with the dielectric: All these factors lead to a rapid acquisition of the image, but its low quality makes it impossible to extract the necessary information during computer processing.

In creating the submitted device, the inventors had to overcome certain stereotypical perceptions, formed due to the methodologies of obtaining Kiriian images with the use of photography and TV cameras:
1. The necessity of ensuring access to the registering material (sensor).

2. Location of the TV camera above the object of study.

3. The impossibility of increasing the sensitivity of the device and the quality of the image when optical fibres are implemented.

The standard approach to camera location - above the object - was necessitated by several factors. The operator maintains access to the TV camera, which allows him to focus the camera on the specific details of the object, since practically all known approaches to using a TV camera require constant external focus adjustments. Use of photosensitive materials also require operator access in order to replace the photosensitive material.

The sensitivity of current TV camera photoreceptors is approximately equal to that of photographic paper, however the standard exposure time needed for to obtain a high quality Kirlian image is about .5 seconds, which is 25 times longer than the standard duration of photoexposure, which is 0.02 sec. In addition, high voltage impulses distort the video mage, but do not affect the photographic paper. Increasing the exposure time of the TV camera to 1 second in order to obtain the required sensitivity is difficult due to technical reasons, since the high voltage electrode impulses must be synchronised with the low voltage TV camera controls.

These reasons, well known to developers of video technology, justified the results obtained by existing devices, and served as additional basis for proving the impossibility of creating a quality video device for registering Kirlian images.

Accordingly, in one aspect the invention provides a gas discharge device for visualising an object placed onto a surface, said device comprising an electrode connected to a high voltage power supply adapted to form an electric field, a dielectric adapted to isolate said object from said electrode; and a television camera optically adjusted for recording gas discharge luminescence wherein said dielectric and said electrode are optically transparent with said dielectric providing an optical path formed of optical fibres positioned such that the light receiving ends thereof are located substantially parallel to said surface and said electrode is formed as a metal grid located between said dielectric and said television camera.

Throughout this specification the word "comprise*', or variations such as "comprises" or "comprising", will be understood to imply the inclusion of a stated element, integer or step, or group of elements, integers or steps, but not the exclusion of any other element, integer or step, or group of elements, integers or steps.

Any discussion of documents, acts, materials, devices, articles or the like which has been included in the present specification is solely for the purpose of providing a context for the present invention. It is not to be taken as an admission that any or all of these matters form part of the prior art base or were common general knowledge in the field relevant to the present invention as it existed before the priority date of each claim of this application.

Description of Invention The aim of this invention is to increase the sensitivity and resolution of the device, which allows to improve the image produced during gas discharge visualisation.

This aim is reached by designing a gas discharge visualisation device containing an optically transparent electrode, which forms the electric field, a dielectric, which isolates the object under study, and also a TV camera, which is optically tuned for observation of gas discharge luminescence, with the electrode being placed between the dielectric and the camera.

In the preferable design option for the device, an optically transparent dielectric contains a light transmitter composed of optical fibres, placed so as their light receiving ends are parallel to the plane on which the object under study is placed The electrode is a metallic grid located between the dielectric and the TV camera. All the device components are mounted in a single enclosure.

This allows for even greater improvement in sensitivity and resolution of the instrument.

In addition, the TV camera can be outfitted with a photoreceptor, optically matched with the fibre-optic input This allows for maximum sensitivity and resolution.

The high quality of the image produced during gas discharge visualisation in this device permits placing the optically transparent electrode between the optically transparent dielectric and the TV camera. Due to this layout of the elements of the device, there is no need to tune the video camera during operation. This is why, in the proposed device, the TV camera is initially tuned so that the focal plane matches the surface where the gas discharge luminescent occurs, after which, the elements of the instrument are fixed relative to each other. Thus the quality and the informational properties of the image are improved.

The main unexpected effect of the proposed device was the increase in sensitivity and resolution of the instrument during gas discharge visualisation This is probably due to the fact that the light loss in the image during its travel through the clear electrode and the dielectric is less than 30%, whereas the light loss of the image in existing devices is no less than 70%. In addition, a significant parameter affecting the quality of the image is the magnification factor of the video camera. During the brief Kirlian processes, bright gas discharges cause significant interference when the camera is placed above the object of study, since they lead to a decrease in the magnification factor of the camera and "muddying" of the image. In the proposed solution, emissions are concentrated in the focal plane.

Experiments have shown, that the resolution of the proposed device at least twice as high as that of existing instruments, and the sensitivity is more than 3 times greater.

This is especially important for accurate analysis of Kirlian images, since increasing the current to the electrode in order to increase the luminescence could lead to the suppression of the normal picture of the energy field, which is unacceptable.

In the preferable design alternative for the proposed device, additional concentration of the informational image in the focal plane takes place due to the use of fibre-optics in the dielectric. The design of the clear electrode as a metal grid permits minimising optical loss and increasing the resolution capacity regardless of the aperture of the optical fibre used, compared to standard transparent electrodes. Reading of optical information from the fibre-optic input requires micron level precision of tuning of the focal plane, which can be achieved only when all the device components are hardwired into a single enclosure.

Previously, it was thought that the use of fibre optics as dielectrics for the Kirlian affect was impossible due to the high probability of electrical penetration. The inventors experimentally proved the high stability of fibre-optic dielectrics, and also, that using the second design alternative for the device improves the image quality during visualisation by approximately 40%, expressed as an integral coefficient representing the relationship of the sensitivity of the device to its resolution capacity.

Locating the TV camera is the same enclosure as the high voltage electrode creates problems more of a psychological order rather than a technical nature. With the availability of contemporary insulation materials, the problems of electrical insulation between the camera and the high voltage electrode are easily overcome.

The optical fibre magnifies the concentration of the entire light stream in the plane, and allows for separating the focal plane and the gas discharge visualisation surface, and for scaling and projecting the image onto the photoreceptive device of the TV camera with minimal losses.

Medical application of the submitted device for obtaining Kirlian images of the energy field will permit not only to diagnose the various illnesses of the patient, but also to monitor the emotional and psychological state of the patient. The high resolution -- capability of the device and the maximum sensitivity will allow to control- small changes in the patient's condition in time.

List of Figures

Figure 1 shows design option for the device.

Figure 2 shows design options for 2 and 3 of the device.

Figure 3 shows design option 3 for the device.

     

Examples of preferred design options for the device.

In the device design option shown in Figure 1, the device is composed of a dielectric (1) and an electrode (2), made from optically transparent materials, and the TV camera (3) focused with the lens (4) on the contact plane (5). The transparent dielectric is made from glass, preferably from C3C-23 glass, which has an absorption coefficient no greater than 5% with the range of wavelengths 350-600 nm, diameter of 60mm, and thickness of 4mm. Electrode (2) is a thin lager of lead oxide, no thicker than 1 micron. TV camera (3) is outfitted with a charging device of 1/3" @ format, elements numbering 520 x 580 and a lens angled at 73 degrees.

In the design option shown in Figure 2, the dielectric (1) is composed of a light transmitter (6), a thin transparent dielectric layer (7), and the high voltage electrode (2) which is a metal grid. TV camera (3), with the aid of lens (4), projects the image from the contact surface (5) onto the photosensitive element (8) of the TV camera (3). All the elements of the device are hardwired into the enclosure (9). The thin transparent dielectric layer (7) is clear sticky polyethylene film on 10 microns thick, which covers the light receiving end of the light transmitter (6). The light transmitter (6) is a fibre-optic disc 50mm in diameter, 5mm thick; the optical fibres are made from 10 micron TSIAZhYu237002 glass. Electrode (2) is a metal (nickel) grid 5 microns thick. 150 microns in span and wire thickness of 10 microns. Using a metal grid as a transparent electrode allows to decrease the light loss down to 7% and to achieve maximum ruggedness and reliability of the device. The TV camera parameters are identical to those use in the previous design option.

In the design option illustrated in Figure 3, the photosensitive device (8) contains a fibre-optic input (10), firmly attached to the high voltage electrode (2) and optically matched to the light transmitter (6). The fibre-optic input (10) is a phocone with a conversion coefficient of 6, with the optical fibre glass parameters identical to those of the light transmitter (6). The TV camera in this design option is outfitted with a charging device 8, 2/3" format, with the number of elements being 520 x 580.

All of the device components shown in figures 2 and 3 are placed in a hard case (9) and can be extemally coated with epoxy resin, which makes the construction safe to use and allows for consistent acquisition of high quality images.

The device, according to the Invention (Figure 1), operates as follows: A 12 kV current with a frequency of about 1000 hZ, for example, is passed through the high voltage electrode (2), due to capacitous connection, causes gas discharge luminescence (12) about the object of study, for example a human finger. The luminescence (12) is focused in plane (5), then passes through the clear dielectric (1) and electrode (2), and is projected onto the TV camera (3).

In the device shown in Figure 2, the image is concentrated on the contact surface (5), is then transferred through the thin film (7), the light transmitter (6), and, with virtually no loss, to the object surface of the light transmitter (6). Thus, there is a separation of the contact and the focal planes, which makes for dispensing with the 3rd dimension which composes the Kirlian image, therefore, improving the clarity of the image.

In the device shown in Figure 3, the image passes directly from the output surface of the light transmitter (6) through the thin grid of the electrode (2) to the input fibreoptic surface of the photosensitive element (8) of the TV camera (3). In this case, loss due to image transmission is minimal.

The comparative results, juxtaposing the image quality of the submitted device (Figures 1, 2 and 3) with the image quality of the existing device are shown in Table 1.
 
Table 1
EMI9.1

resolution    Relative
Device    Capacity,    mm    Sensitivity    Current,    kV   
Submitted    (Figure    1)    0.12/0.1    100    10
Submitted    (Figure    2)    0.1/0.3    120    10    -:    :1
Existing~~~~~~~~~~~03~~~~~~~~30~~~~~~~~~16~~~~~

In order to obtain accurate comparison results, the measurements were conducted using the same types of a TV camera and a high voltage power supply.

These results, obtained using the submitted device, verify the increase in the quality of images, the resolution capacity, and the ability and adequacy of using lower strength current for Kirlian visualisation, which is especially important for accurate processing of the image of the energy field.

The utilisation of the submitted device will solve the problem of instantaneous input and computer processing of the Kirlian images, which will allow for diagnosing various illnesses and for assessing the psychological and physical state of the patient. This device can also be utilised as a "lie detector" or a scientific instrument for investigation of human extra-sensory potential.



Device for Measuring Electromagnetic Field Intensity
US2013113462

The invention relates to gas-discharge electrical instrumentation technology. The device for measuring electromagnetic field intensity comprises a measuring instrument for recording the glow of a gas discharge and a gas-discharge chamber that is formed between electrodes 1 and 2 separated by a dielectric 3. The electrode 1 is cylindrical, while the electrode 2 is in the form of a disk. The electrodes 1 and 2 are coupled to an electrical voltage source, wherein a capacitive element in the form of a pair comprising an antenna 5 and a connection to ground 6 is incorporated into the line coupling the cylindrical electrode 1 to the electrical voltage source. A capacitor 7 with variable capacitance is incorporated into the line coupling the cylindrical electrode 1 to the antenna 5. The technical result consists in providing the possibility of detecting a useful signal in a wide frequency range.

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The invention relates to gas-discharge electrical instrumentation technology and can be used, in particular, for obtaining objective data during biolocation.

BACKGROUND ART

[0002] A known device for detecting high-power microwave pulsed radiation can be used for establishing the fact of irradiation of an object with the specified radiation, which can result in damage to the object. Said device comprises a plate made of a conductive material and provided with one or more gaps therein. The gaps are filled with air or another dielectric. If the plate is subjected to pulsed radiation, the electromagnetic field intensity in the gaps is increased. If the field intensity exceeds the electrical strength of the dielectric in the gap, a gas-discharge breakdown occurs through the gap. The light flash that corresponds to the discharge is recorded on tape, see WO 9836286 A1.

[0003] The disadvantage of this technical solution consists in low sensitivity towards electromagnetic field (EMF) amplitude, because the EFM intensity must be quite high for the discharge to occur, since both sides of the gap have an identical original potential. Therefore EMF of moderate intensity is not recorded. In addition, the device has low sensitivity towards the incidence angle of the electromagnetic wave. When this angle deviates from the perpendicular relative to the longitudinal axis of the gaps, the sensitivity of the device is reduced to zero.

[0004] It should also be mentioned that said device only records the fact of presence or absence of the EMF and does not allow determining quantitative characteristics of the field.

[0005] Another device for measuring electromagnetic field intensity is more sensitive, said device comprising a gas-discharge chamber that is formed between electrodes separated by a dielectric. Both electrodes are cylindrical and are positioned coaxially. The cylinders are plugged on one side and positioned with the plugged ends facing outward inside a sealed dielectric envelope, wherein the ratio of diameters of the cylinders lies within the range 0.2<=d/D<=0.5, where d and D are diameters of the internal and external electrodes, respectively, see SU 1335902 A1.

[0006] Due to cylindrical shape of the electrodes, the discharge is activated by a wave that falls within the range of 360[deg.], the moment of breakdown is recorded by measuring the intensity of current. But the discharge in the narrow gap between the cylinders occurs when the following condition is fulfilled: Uapplied field>Ubreakdown, wherein Ubreakdown=E.d, where E-field intensity, d-gap width.

[0007] Thus in order to increase field sensitivity it is necessary to reduce the gap width, however significant reduction of the gap leads to a real possibility of short circuit. Sensitivity of the known device is insufficient, because it is limited by the geometric shape of the electrodes and the minimal allowed width of the gap therebetween.

[0008] A more sensitive device for measuring electromagnetic radiation field intensity comprises a gas-discharge chamber that is formed between electrodes separated by a dielectric, where one of the electrodes is cylindrical and the other electrode is in the form of a disk, vertical symmetry axis of the cylindrical electrode is perpendicular to the disk plane, and the ratio of diameter "d" of the cylindrical electrode to the diameter "D" of the electrode in the form of a disk is in the range 0.01<=d/D<=0.3, wherein the electrodes are coupled to an electrical voltage source, and a capacitive element in the form of a pair comprising an antenna and a connection to ground is incorporated into the line coupling the cylindrical electrode to the electrical voltage source, see RU 2280258 C1.

[0009] This technical solution has been taken as a prototype of the present invention.

[0010] Incorporation of a capacitive element makes it possible to detect high-frequency components of a useful signal, because the capacitive element allows exciting electromagnetic oscillations in the electric circuit that are determined by the resonance frequency of the circuit comprising an antenna and a connection to ground.

[0011] The disadvantage of the prototype device consists in that the abovementioned circuit has a fixed resonance frequency, which does not allow detecting a useful signal in a wide range of frequencies. Besides, another disadvantage of the prototype consists in the absence of a possibility to remotely measure the electromagnetic field intensity, including its measurement in automatic mode.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0012] It is an object of the present invention to provide a possibility for detecting a useful signal in a wide range of frequencies, as well as for performing remote measurement of electromagnetic field intensity in automatic mode.

[0013] According to the invention there is provided a device for measuring electromagnetic field intensity, which comprises a measuring instrument for recording the glow of a gas discharge and a gas-discharge chamber that is formed between electrodes separated by a dielectric, where one electrode is cylindrical, and the other electrode is in the form of a disk, said electrodes being coupled to an electrical voltage source, wherein a capacitive element in the form of a pair comprising an antenna and a connection to ground is incorporated into the line coupling the cylindrical electrode to the electrical voltage source; an electrically controlled capacitor with variable capacitance is used in the device; the electrode is made of a transparent current-conducting material, and the device additionally comprises a video camera, an analog-to-digital converter (ADC), a processor, a transceiver, one or several mobile terminals, a mobile Internet server and a current signal processing unit, wherein the output of the video camera is connected to the first input of the ADC, the output of the ADC is connected to the first input of the processor, the first output of the processor is connected to the first input of the transceiver, the second output of the processor is connected to the input of the electrical voltage source, the third output of the processor is connected to the input of the electrically controlled capacitor with variable capacitance, the first output of the transceiver is connected to the second input of the processor, the second output and the second input of the transceiver are connected through mobile communication channels to one or several mobile terminals, which are connected through a mobile Internet channel to the mobile Internet server, and the input of the current signal processing unit is connected to the electrode in the form of a disk, and the output of the current signal processing unit is connected to the second input of the ADC.

[0014] The applicant has not found any sources of information containing data on technical solutions identical to the present invention, which enables to conclude that the invention conforms to the criterion "Novelty" (N).

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0015] The invention is further explained, by way of detailed description of examples of its embodiments, with reference to the following drawings, in which:

[0016] FIG. 1-is a scheme of the device according to claim 1;

[0017] FIG. 2-is a scheme of the device according to claims 2 and 3.

 

PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

[0018] The device comprises a measuring instrument for recording the glow of a gas discharge and a gas-discharge chamber that is formed between electrodes 1 and 2; electrode 1 is cylindrical, in this particular example it is made of titanium, which ensures its durability under conditions of a gas discharge. Electrode 1 can also be made of tungsten, niobium etc. Diameter of electrode I in this particular example is 10 mm. Electrode 2 is in the shape of a disk with diameter of 80 mm, which in an embodiment of the invention according to claim 1 is a metal plate. In an embodiment of the invention according to claim 3 the electrode 2 is made of a transparent current-conducting material, in particular a polymer material or a ultra-thin transparent metallic film, which is applied using spatter or deposition to the dielectric plate 3 that separates electrodes 1 and 2. Plate 3 is 3 mm wide and is made of quartz. Other dielectrics can be used, including glass. Vertical symmetry axis of the cylindrical electrode 1 is perpendicular to the plane of the electrode 2 in the form of a disk. The ratio of diameter "d" of the cylindrical electrode 1 to diameter "D" of the electrode made in the form of a disk is in the range 0.01<=d/D<=0.3.

[0019] The specified ratio of diameters is stipulated by the following circumstances. Diameter "d" of electrode 1 can amount to 2-60 mm. When "d"<2 mm, the effects of non-uniformity of the cylinder edge begin to have an influence, which leads to redistribution of field intensity due to edge effect at the non-uniformities. Having "d" exceed 60 mm is impractical due to constructional and techno-economical reasons. Diameter "D" of electrode 2 is chosen according to constructional convenience and amounts to 30-200 mm. The conditions of development of a discharge under air pressure equalling atmospheric pressure or below stipulate that a space of at least 20 mm must be left from the edge of the upper electrode to the edge of the lower electrode. This is stipulated by the following formula that defines the relation between the length of surface discharge, specific surface capacitance, amplitude and inflection of applied voltage:

[0000]
L=k.C<2>.U0<5>.V<0.25 >

[0000] where C-specific surface capacitance; 2 cm<L<10 cm-length of surface discharge; U0-applied voltage; V-rate of voltage increase; k-coefficient that equals 21.10<13 >for positive polarity and 13.10<13 >for negative polarity, and depends on the material of the dielectric and the form of the applied voltage; the values of constants and, consequently, the characteristics of discharge figures are also influenced by the inflection of the leading edge and the duration of the voltage pulse.

[0020] Vertical symmetry axis of the cylindrical electrode 1 passes through the center of electrode 2, which ensures radial uniformity of the field and the absence of preferred directions during EMF recording.

[0021] Electrodes 1 and 2 are connected to an electrical voltage source 4; this particular example uses a generator of pulses "GDV Camera" with pulse height of 10-20 kV, duration of 10 [mu]sec and ratio of 1000 Hz, which are supplied in bursts with duration of 0.5 sec, said generator is manufactured by ZAO "BioTechProgress" (St. Petersburg, Russia).

[0022] A capacitive element, which in this particular example is in the form of a pair comprising an antenna 5 and a connection to ground 6, is incorporated into the line coupling the electrode 1 to the electrical voltage source 4.

[0023] Incorporation of a capacitive element makes it possible to detect high-frequency components of a useful signal and eliminate interference caused by EMF of industrial frequencies, wherein the capacitive element in the form of an antenna 5 and a connection to ground 6 allows exciting electromagnetic oscillations in the electric circuit that are determined by the resonance frequency of the circuit comprising antenna 5 and connection to ground 6. A capacitor 7 with variable capacitance is incorporated into the line coupling the cylindrical electrode 1 to the antenna, which allows tuning to EMF of different frequency ranges. This increases selectivity of the device. The embodiment of the invention according to claim 1 uses a capacitor 7 of variable capacitance with mechanical control, the embodiment according to claims 2, 3 uses a capacitor 7 of variable capacitance with electrical control, wherein the device additionally comprises a video camera 8, in particular KPC400 manufactured by KTO-C Co (Korea), an ADC 9, such as AD9280 manufactured by Analog Device (USA), a processor 10, such as ATMEGA64 manufactured by ATMEL (USA), and a transceiver 11-MOTOROLA PC850 (USA). The device also comprises one or several mobile terminals 12. Mobile phones or computers provided with wireless communication means can be used as terminals 12. In the example illustrated in FIG. 1 only one terminal 12 is shown for the sake of simplicity. This particular example uses a mobile Internet server 13 such as USN Zeus Supermicro i7300 2*Xeon E7420/8G/no HDD/no ODD manufactured by CISCO (USA). Current signal processing unit 14 is embodied as a processor such as EPM 7128 manufactured by Alterra (USA).

[0024] The output of the video camera S is connected to the first input of the ADC 9, the output of the ADC 9 is connected to the first input of the processor 10, the first output of the processor 10 is connected to the first input of the transceiver 11; the second output of the processor 10 is connected to the input of the electrical voltage source 4, the third output of the processor 10 is connected to the input of the electrically controlled capacitor 7 with variable capacitance; the first output of the transceiver 11 is connected to the second input of the processor 10, the second output and the second input of the transceiver 11 are connected through mobile communication channels to one or several mobile terminals 12, which are connected over a mobile Internet channel to the mobile Internet server 13; the input of the current signal processing unit 14 is connected to the electrode 2, and the output of the current signal processing unit 14 is connected to the second input of the ADC 9.

[0025] In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1 the device functions in the following way. When the intensity of the EMF between electrodes 1 and 2 exceeds the breakdown voltage along the surface of the dielectric 3, an avalanche gas discharge is developed. The glow and/or current of the discharge is recorded using corresponding measuring instruments, for example a photomultiplier and/or a microampermeter. The measured values allow evaluating the EMF intensity value.

[0026] The electrical voltage source 4 allows creating voltage between electrodes 1 and 2 near the value of breakdown voltage, which results in the occurrence of a breakdown and the development of a gas discharge when the amplitude of the external EMF is relatively small; to obtain discharge figures, a series of bipolar voltage pulses can be supplied to the electrodes. In this case each pulse will create corresponding phase of the discharge, and the final picture will look like a superposition of images from positive and negative discharges (taking into account the distortion of electrical field by the positive surface charge left after previous discharges).

[0027] Using the capacitor 7 of variable capacitance the parameters of the circuit comprising the antenna 5 and the connection to ground 6 are changed in order to tune to the frequency of the EMF component to be measured. This allows detecting a useful signal in a wide frequency range.

[0028] In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2 the device functions in the following way. The gas-discharge glow enters the video camera 8 through the transparent plate 3 and electrode 2, whereupon it is transformed into digital code by the ADC 9, the signal from the ADC 9 is supplied to the processor 10, then the signal from the processor 10 is supplied to the transceiver 11 and to one or several mobile terminals 12, and further through the communications channel to the server 13, where the signal is processed and its parameters are determined, said parameters reflecting the two-dimensional geometric characteristics of the glow structures, as well as brightness characteristics. These characteristics depend on the measured intensity of the electromagnetic field and reflect the dynamics of its changes in the course of prolonged measurements. After processing on the server 13 is completed, the signal from the server 13 is supplied to the mobile terminal 12, where it can be further utilized by the consumer operator. This signal can also be used as a control signal for processor 10 through transceiver 11 by changing the parameters of operation of the electrical voltage source 4 and the variable capacitor 7 in order to increase sensitivity of the device and/or tune to the selected frequency range. The control signal can be generated automatically from the server 13 in accordance with a predefined program, for example a program for frequency scanning in specified time context, can be defined by the operator at the server 13 depending on the goals of the measurements, or defined by the operator from a mobile terminal 12.

[0029] Useful signal from electrode 2 is also recorded as an amplitude of high-frequency current by the current signal processing unit 14, digital signal from the output of said unit 14 is supplied to the processor 10, from the processor 10 the signal is supplied to the transceiver 11 and to one or several mobile terminals 12, and is supplied through a communications channel to the server 13, where the signal is processed and the parameters of the current are determined. These parameters depend on the measured intensity of the electromagnetic field and reflect the dynamics of its changes in the course of prolonged measurements.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

[0030] The invention can be implemented by means of known component elements and construction materials. In applicant's opinion, this enables to conclude that the invention conforms to the criterion "Industrial Applicability" (IA).



Method for Determining the Condition of a Biological Object and Device for Making Same  
US2011282214

The invention relates to the field of instrumentation and can be used for diagnosing the condition of a biological object. The technical result consists in an increased measurement precision. In order to achieve this result, the invention comprises determining the condition of a biological object on the basis of fixation and comparison of the structures of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object and the biological object under study in an electromagnetic field. The light emissions around the reference object and the biological object under study are converted into digital code. The invention comprises determining the quantitative parameters of the light emission and the characteristics thereof. The invention also comprises determining corresponding spatial points of specified parameters for the reference object and the biological object under study.; The invention further comprises determining the deviation of quantitative parameters that characterize the condition of the biological object under study by means of the distance between said points. The reference object is implemented as a non-biological material. The invention also comprises carrying out the fixation of the structure of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object and determining the relative deviation thereof from an average value.

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The inventions relate to the field of physics and can be used for determining the functional condition of a biological object.

BACKGROUND ART

[0002] A known method for determining the condition of a biological object, in particular a human, comprises fixation and comparison of the structure of gas-discharge light emission in an electric field around the whole reference object or a part thereof (fingertips) at the initial level (outside the vegetovascular crisis) and prior to the crisis, see SU 935076 A1.

[0003] Reference data used in this method can be embodied not only as the initial level of gas-discharge light emission around the tested object outside of the crisis condition, but also as the level of gas-discharge light emission around an undoubtedly healthy biological object that is taken as a reference object.

[0004] During implementation of this method quantitative criteria are introduced for evaluating the condition of a biological object, allowing to compare the object's condition at different points of time or to compare the condition of different objects.

[0005] However, such method does not provide sufficient accuracy and reliability in determining the biological object's condition, because it takes into account only one parameter of the glow structure, namely the length of the gas-discharge streamer. In addition, it should be noted that the process of obtaining the information is quite labor-intensive and lengthy: one must obtain the photographic images, measure them with common measuring tools and then compare the measurement results. Another disadvantage of this method consists in the fact that assessment of a biological object's condition is performed within a fairly narrow range of variations of a one-dimensional geometrical parameter-the streamer length (from 15 to 30% as compared to the initial level). In addition, the object's condition cannot be assessed if the changes of said parameter fall outside the described limits.

[0006] Higher precision and reliability of assessment of the condition of a biological object within a wide range of values of quantitative parameters that characterize the structure of gas-discharge light emission around objects in a electromagnetic field is provided by a method for determining the condition of a biological object by means of fixation and comparison of the structure of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object and the object under study in an electromagnetic field, which comprises converting fixed structures of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object and the test object into digital code, determining quantitative parameters of said structures that reflect their characteristics, determining corresponding spatial points of said parameters for the reference and the test objects, and then determining the deviation of the test object from the reference object according to the distance between said points; in addition, the method may comprise determining the quantitative parameters of the structures of gas-discharge light emission that reflect their spectral, brightness and fractal characteristics, wherein the abovementioned points in a multidimensional space are determined taking into account these parameters as well, see RU 2141250 C1.

[0007] This method has been taken as a prototype of the present inventive method.

[0008] In the prototype method the reference object is embodied as a finger of a person considered to be healthy. However, any biological object has a particular dynamics of biological parameters that characterize its condition, and this dynamics depends on the temporal, climatic, geophysical and other factors acting at the place of the experiment. Therefore the prototype method uses for comparison a metrological basis that is essentially an insufficiently stable biological object, which leads to a certain inaccuracy of determination of the condition of the biological object under study.

[0009] The same patent RU 2141250 C1 describes a device for determining the condition of a biological object that comprises an electromagnetic pulse generator, a glass plate that has an electrode on the lower surface thereof in the form of a thin layer of a conductive optically transparent material, an objective lens, an optoelectronic digital converter (OEDC), a computer unit in the form of a personal computer and an information presentation unit in the form of a monitor; one output of the generator is connected to the electrode and the second output of the generator is connected to a switching device which is in turn connected to the reference or the test object, ensuring alternating contact with said objects; the output of the objective lens is optically connected to the optical input of the OEDC, the output of which is connected to the input of the computer unit, the output of which is connected to the input of the information presentation unit (monitor).

[0010] This device was taken as a prototype of the inventive device according to the present patent application.

[0011] The prototype device can be used for determining the condition of a biological object by means of fixation and comparison of the structures of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object and the biological object under study only when the reference object is embodied as a biological object, which, due to the reasons described above in the description of corresponding known method, does not provide sufficient and (in some cases) necessary accuracy of determination of the biological object's condition during fixation and comparison of the structures of gas-discharge light emission around the reference and the test objects. It should be mentioned that the prototype device does not allow using an object made of a non-biological material as a metrological basis for such comparison, because it does not allow correcting the relative deviation [delta] of a value in the series of measured quantitative parameters of structures of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object from their average value, which is necessary when using a reference object made of a non-biological material, since in this case the values of [delta] can be significantly larger than the allowed value of variability of measured parameters that is accepted during the biomedical measurements-not more than 10%. When this limit is surpassed, the biomedical measurements are considered invalid.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTIONS

[0012] The present inventions provide a solution that increases the accuracy of determining the condition of a biological object.

[0013] In order to obtain said technical result, the inventive method for determining the condition of a biological object by means of fixation and comparison of the structures of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object and the object under study in an electromagnetic field, which is created by an electromagnetic pulse generator, comprises converting fixed structures of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object and the test biological object into digital code, determining quantitative parameters of said structures that reflect their characteristics, determining corresponding spatial points of said parameters for the reference object and the test biological object, and then using the distance between said points to determine the deviation of quantitative parameters that characterize the condition of the biological object under study from the quantitative parameters that characterize the reference object, wherein the novel features consist in that the reference object used in the method is made of a non-biological material, the fixation of the structure of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object is performed multiple times, the relative deviation [delta] of a value in the series of measured quantitative parameters of structures of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object from their average value is calculated, and at [delta]<=10% the structures of gas-discharge light emission around the reference and the test biological objects are compared, whereas at [delta]>10% the output voltage of the electric pulse generator is reduced and/or the stability of said pulses is increased until obtaining [delta]<=10%; it is possible to use a reference object made of metal; it is possible to use a reference object in the form of a vessel containing conductive liquid.

[0014] In order to obtain said technical result, the inventive device for determining the condition of a biological object comprises an electromagnetic pulse generator, a glass plate that has an electrode on the lower surface thereof in the form of a layer of a conductive optically transparent material, an objective lens, an optoelectronic digital converter, a computer unit, an information presentation unit, a switching device that allows connecting the generator in turn to the reference object or the biological object under study, wherein the first output of the generator is connected to the switching device and the second output of the generator is connected to the electrode, the output of the objective lens is optically connected to the optical input of the optoelectronic digital converter, and the first output of the computer unit is connected to the input of the information presentation unit, wherein the novel features consist in that the device additionally comprises a unit for calculating the relative deviation [delta] of a value in the series of measured quantitative parameters of structures of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object from their average value and a unit of logical decisions, wherein the input of the unit for calculating the relative deviation [delta] is connected to the first output of the optoelectronic digital converter, the second output of which is connected to the first input of the computer unit, the second input of which is connected to the first output of the unit of logical decisions, the second output of which is connected to the generator input; the switching device can be embodied as an electronic or electromechanical switch.

[0015] The applicant has not found any sources of information containing data on engineering solutions identical to the inventive method and the device for implementation thereof, which enables to conclude that the inventive method and the inventive device conform to the criterion "Novelty" (N).

[0016] Realization of the features of the inventive method provide the object with an important new property that consists in that the condition of a biological object is determined in comparison with an object, parameters of which do not depend on the influence of temporal, climatic, geophysical and other factors, thus ensuring an increased accuracy of determination of the condition of the biological object under study. Realization of the features of the inventive device allows using a non-biological object as a reference object. In applicant's opinion, these facts enable to conclude that the method and device according to the present application conform to the criterion "Inventive Step" (IS).

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0017] The inventions are further explained, by way of example, with reference to the following drawings, in which:

[0018] FIG. 1-schematic of the device for implementation of the inventive method, in which:

1-biological object under study;
2-generator of electric pulses;
3-glass plate;
4-electrode;
5-objective lens;
6-optoelectronic digital converter;
7-computer unit;
8-information presentation unit;
9-switching device for connecting the generator in turn to the reference object or the biological object under study;
10-unit for calculating the relative deviation;
11-unit of logical decisions;
12-reference object.

[0031] FIG. 2-same as FIG. 1, where the switching device is embodied as an electronic or electromechanical switch;

[0032] FIG. 3-points in a multi-dimensional space of quantitative parameters of the structures of gas-discharge light emission around the reference and the test objects that reflect their characteristics.

     

PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

[0033] The inventive device for determining the condition of a biological object 1 comprises a generator 2 of electromagnetic pulses with pulse height of 3-5 kV, duration of 10 [mu]sec and ratio of 1000 Hz, which are supplied in bursts with duration of 0.5 sec. In this particular embodiment the generator of electric pulses is embodied as GDV Camera manufactured by company Kirlionics Technologies International (St. Petersburg, Russia). The lower surface of glass plate 3 has an electrode 4 in the form of a layer of conductive optically transparent material, in this particular embodiment a layer of SnO2 with thickness of 200 [mu]m or a layer of Ag with thickness of 10 [mu]m. Output of objective lens 5 is optically connected to the optical input of the EODC 6, which is a matrix structure embodied on the basis of a device with charge coupling (the so-called CCD structure). The computer unit 7 is embodied in this particular example as a controller ATmega 16 manufactured by company ATMEL (USA), the information presentation unit 8 is a monitor by LG, FLATRON, L17308, the input of which is connected to the first output of the unit 7. Switching device 9 is embodied so as to allow alternating connection of the generator 2 to the reference object 12 or the biological object under study 1 and can be in the form of a spring-loaded crocodile clip, like in the example according to claim 4 (see FIG. 1), which is electrically connected to the first output of generator 2. In the example according to claim 5 the switching device 9 is embodied as an electronic switch (in particular, a trigger) or an electromechanical switch (in particular, a relay). In this case the switching device is also electrically connected (with its first input) to the first output of the generator, and is also connected with its second input to the second output of the computer unit 7. Similarly to the example in FIG. 1, the switching device in turn connects the first output of generator 2 either to the tested biological object 1 or to the reference object 12, which is embodied as a metal cylinder, in particular made of copper or titanium; it is possible to use a vessel with conductive liquid as a reference object, in particular a vessel with NaCl solution. In this case the electric contact can take place directly with the conductive liquid. The device also comprises a unit 10 for calculating the relative deviation [delta] of values in the series of measured quantitative parameters of the structure of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object 12 from their average value, and a unit 11 of logical decisions. Units 10 and 11 in this particular example are embodied as controllers ATmega 16 manufactured by company ATMEL (USA). The input of unit 10 is connected to the first output of the OEDC 6, the second output of which is connected to the first input of the computer unit 7, the second input of which is connected to the first output of the unit 11 of logical decisions, the second output of which is connected to the input of generator 2.

[0034] The inventive method is implemented by means of the inventive device in the following way. The reference object 12 is brought into contact with the surface of the glass plate 3. Here the first output of generator 2 is connected to the reference object 12 by means of switching device 9 (a resettable clip shown with dotted line in FIG. 1) or an electronic (electromechanical) switch (see FIG. 2). Electromagnetic field created by means of generator 2 produces gas-discharge light emission around the reference object 12. This light emission is transferred by means of the objective lens 5 to the OEDC 6, which converts it into digital code. From the output of the OEDC 6 the signal goes to the input of the computer unit 7, where the quantitative parameters of the structure of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object 12 are determined. Fixation of the structure of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object and the measurement of quantitative parameters of this structure are performed multiple times. Then the unit 10 is used for calculating the relative deviation 6 of values in the series of measured quantitative parameters of the structure of gas-discharge light emission around the reference object 12 from their average value. When [delta]>10%, the unit 10 sends a signal to the unit 11 of logical decisions, which controls the generator 2, reducing its output voltage and/or increasing the stability of the pulses until obtaining [delta]<=10%. Unit 7 is used for determining the spatial point of specified parameters for the reference object 12. When [delta]<=10%, the reference object 12 is brought out of contact with the glass plate 3, the generator 2 is connected to the biological object under study 1 and then the biological object 1 is brought into contact with the glass plate 3. The quantitative parameters of the light emission structure, which reflect the characteristics of the biological object under study 1, are determined, and then the spatial point in the field of said parameters is determined by means of unit 7.

[0035] Then the distance between corresponding points (like in the prototype) is used for determining the deviation of quantitative parameters that characterize the condition of the biological object under study from the quantitative parameters that characterize the reference object. In this particular example (FIG. 3) the axes P1 and P2 correspond to the quantitative parameters of the light emission structures that reflect their two-dimensional geometrical characteristics, the axis P3 corresponds to the quantitative parameters that reflect the brightness characteristics of the light emission structures, the axis P4 reflects their spectral characteristics, and the axis P5-their fractal characteristics. Point 13 in a multi-dimensional space of axes P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5 corresponds to the reference object 12. Point 14 in the multi-dimensional space that corresponds to the object under study 1 is determined in the same way. Then the condition of the object under study is determined on the basis of the distance L between points 13 and 14.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

[0036] The inventive method can be implemented by means of common constructional materials and industrial equipment that is manufactured in factory conditions. This enables to conclude that the invention conforms to the criterion "Industrial Applicability" (IA).



Device for Determining the State of a Biological Subject  
US2010106424

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The invention relates to physics and can be used for determining the functional state of a biological object, for example, a human or an animal.

BACKGROUND ART

[0002] A known device for determining the state of a human organism comprises an electrode covered with a dielectric layer, whereupon a certain thermoplastic material is placed; said electrode is connected to a high-voltage pulse generator, see RU, 94012892, A1. Electric current flows through the circuit formed by the electrode-registering material (a thermoplastic polymer), the body of the patient and the ground, thus transferring the charge from the skin of the patient to the polymer within the area of contact of the finger and the polymer. When the finger is removed from the circuit, the registering material is removed from the electrode and heated to 75-80[deg.] C., whereupon the polymer layer becomes deformed at those places where its surface holds surplus charge. Visualization of said deformations (the polymer layer's relief) produces an image that looks like a set of streamers coming out of the border of the area where the finger contacts the polymer. Medium length of charge streamers is used as a criterion of norm for a given patient. The device allows registering the charge streamers from all fingertips one by one.

[0003] The general state of the organism can be evaluated by comparing the characteristics of streamers from different fingers of the individual.

[0004] The main disadvantage of the abovementioned device consists in that it provides a very inaccurate evaluation of the individual's state, since it does not allow obtaining any quantitative information on the parameters of the images, making it impossible to compare images taken at different points of time. Analysis and comparison of the images is performed by an expert on the basis of his/her subjective visual assessments.

[0005] Another known device for determining the state of a biological subject is described in RU, 2141250, C. This device is taken as a prototype of the present invention.

[0006] Said device comprises a generator, a transparent plate provided with an electrode which is embodied as an optically transparent layer applied upon said plate, an objective, an optoelectronic digital converter, a computer and an information display unit embodied as a monitor. The output of the generator is connected to the electrode, while the output of the computer is connected to the input of the information display unit.

[0007] Said generator supplies electric pulses to the electrode, thus creating an electromagnetic field on the surface of said transparent plate.

[0008] A reference biological subject-finger of a healthy individual-contacts with the surface of said transparent plate. The electromagnetic field produces gas discharge glow around said reference biological subject. This glow is transferred through the objective to the optoelectronic digital converter, where it becomes converted to a digital code. The signal from the output of the optoelectronic digital converter is supplied to the input of the computer, whereupon the quantitative characteristics of structure of the gas discharge glow around the reference biological subject are determined; the parameters that reflect the two-dimensional geometric characteristics of the glow structures and the brightness characteristics are determined. The gas discharge glow around the reference subject can be represented on the monitor of the computer as a two-dimensional colored image.

[0009] Then the computer represents the whole assembly of the quantitative parameters as a three-dimensional point.

[0010] The gas discharge glow around the subject under study is represented in the same way, and a three-dimensional point that corresponds to the subject under study is also defined. The distance between these two points reflects the deviation of state of the subject under study from the reference subject.

[0011] The disadvantage of the prototype consists in the following.

[0012] At a given point of time, the device allows obtaining information from only one point of the biological subject, in particular, from one finger. Such information, however, gives only a partial evaluation of the subject's state. Therefore, in order to obtain larger volume of more detailed information, the data is taken from two, three or more fingers one by one (preferable, from all ten fingers and ten toes), because every finger or toe is associated with some organs or systems (see Korotkov K. G. Human Energy Field: study with GDV bioelectrography. SPb, 2001, pp. 40-45).

[0013] Information from a single finger can be taken within 1 to 10 seconds, depending on the mode chosen by the operator (static or dynamic). Total consecutive recording time for all ten fingers, including the time required for swapping the fingers, is at least 3-5 minutes on the average. During this time the state of the patient can change, because the electric field pulses excite the vegetative nervous sympathetic and parasympathetic systems, and the results of the measurements can therefore become severely distorted. It is practically impossible to perform simultaneous registration and computer transfer of GDV-information taken from several fingers, let alone all fingers and toes of the biological subject, for the following reasons. A single GDV-image taken from one point of a biological subject constitutes a significant amount of data (up to 40.0 megabytes), since it has a lot of details in a wide spectral optical range, both within the visible and the ultraviolet regions. GDV-images are taken with a frequency of at least 30 frames per second. Therefore, one point of the biological subject provides about 72 gigabytes of data, which is transferred to present-day computers at 1.2 GB/sec speed (40.0 MB*30 l/sec). When GDV-information is taken from two, let alone three points, the volume of data reaches or even exceeds the maximum capacities of modern computer equipment available for use. Thus, although those skilled in the art of GDV-technique (there are very few such people in the world) long ago realized is that the accuracy of determination of a biological subject's state can be significantly increased by registering information from two or more points (up to 20 points), they could not perform such experiments in practice, because there were no available computers capable of receiving and processing those huge amounts of data; besides, when big amounts of data are consecutively transferred through a USB port of an ordinary computer (NASA supercomputers are out of the question) during registration of the images, there is a strong probability of errors in computer operation that could lead to loss of data and require repetition of the registrations; that would in turn serve to additionally increase the distortion of information regarding the state of the biological object.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0014] It is an object of this invention to provide a solution capable of processing massive amounts of data (720 GB or more) that are collected when recording information from 10 or more points of the biological subject, thus providing a tenfold increase of accuracy of the information regarding the biological subject's state, while using existing easily available computer equipment.

[0015] According to the invention there is provided a device for determining the state of a biological subject, comprising an electric pulse generator, a transparent plate provided with an electrode which is embodied as an optically transparent conductive layer applied upon said plate, an objective, an optoelectronic digital converter, a computer and an information display unit, the output of said generator being connected to the electrode, and the first output of the computer being connected to the input of the information display unit, wherein said device is provided with one or more additional transparent plates with electrodes applied upon them, one or more additional objectives, and one or more additional optoelectronic digital converters, the amount of additional objectives and optoelectronic digital converters equaling the amount of additional transparent plates with electrodes applied upon them, and wherein said device is additionally provided with a memory unit and a data management and exchange unit, and wherein the electrodes of all transparent plates are interconnected, the outputs of the optoelectronic digital converters are respectively connected to the first, second, n-th inputs of the memory unit, the output of said memory unit being connected to the first input of the data management and exchange unit, whereas the first output of the data management and exchange unit is connected to the (n+1)-th input of the memory unit, and the second output of said data management and exchange unit is connected to the input of the computer, while the second output of the computer is connected to the second input of the data management and exchange unit.

[0016] The applicant hasn't found any sources of information containing data on engineering solutions identical to the present invention. In applicant's opinion, this enables to conclude that the invention conforms to the criterion "Novelty" (N).

[0017] The novel features of the invention provide the device with an important new property, which makes it possible to record information from any required amount of points in a single step, thus ensuring that the subject is participating in the measurements during 1 to 10 seconds only. Furthermore, the data transfer channel does not become overloaded, because the information recorded from the subject first goes to the memory unit, whereupon it is extracted by the data management and exchange unit and supplied to the computer through a USB port with normal transfer rate; this prevents distortion of the information, both when it is received from the subject and during its transfer; also it becomes possible to employ computer equipment that is widely used in practice.

[0018] The applicant hasn't found any sources of information containing data on the influence of the inventive novel features on the technical result produced through realization of said features. In applicant's opinion, this enables to conclude that the present engineering solution conforms to the criterion "Inventive Step" (IS).

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0019] The invention is further explained, by way of example, with reference to a drawing, which is a block diagram of the device.



DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

[0020] The device for determining the state of a biological subject, in this particular embodiment an individual, comprises a generator 1 of electric pulses with amplitude of 10-20 kV, duration of 10 [mu]sec and pulse ratio of 1000 Hz, wherein the pulses are served in 0.5 sec bursts. This particular embodiment uses the generator "Corona" manufactured by a Russian company "Kirlionics Technologies International" LLC (St. Petersburg). The information is taken from n points. The device comprises transparent plates 2, 8, 9, 10, . . . , n. The plates are respectively provided with electrodes 3, 11, 12, 13, . . . , n, embodied as layers of some optically transparent conductive material applied to said plates (in this particular embodiment, a 200 [mu]m deep layer of SnO2 is used). The objectives 4, 14, 15, 16, . . . , n are positioned under the transparent plates, respectively. The objectives are optically conjugated with the optoelectronic digital converters 5, 17, 18, 19, . . . , n, respectively. The optoelectronic digital converters constitute an array structure embodied on the basis of a charge-coupled device (CCD-structure).

[0021] The output of the generator 1 is connected to the electrode 3, and the electrodes 3, 11, 12, 13, . . . , n, are interconnected. The outputs of the optoelectronic digital converters 5, 17, 18, 19, . . . , n are respectively connected to the first, second, third, fourth, n-th inputs of the memory unit 20, which is embodied on the basis of BS62LV4001-TI chip manufactured by Texas Instruments (USA). The output of the memory unit 20 is connected to the first input of the data management and exchange unit 21, which is embodied on the basis of C8051F320 chip manufactured by Silicon Labs (USA). The first output of the unit 21 is connected to the (n+1)-th input of the unit 20. The second output of the unit 21 is connected to the input of the computer 6, the first output of the computer 6 being connected to the input of the information display unit 7 (a monitor). The second output of the computer 6 is connected to the second input of the unit 21.

[0022] The device operates in the following way. The points under study 22, 23, 24, 25, . . . , n (the fingers and/or toes of the individual) are simultaneously positioned on the free surfaces of the TRANSPARENT plates 2, 8, 9, 10, n, whereupon the generator 1 supplies voltage pulses to the electrodes 3, 11, 12, 13, . . . , n, thus creating an electromagnetic field with intensity of 10<6>-10<8 >V/cm. The glow that is produced around the fingers enters the objectives 4, 14, 15, 16, . . . , n simultaneously, and then it proceeds through the objectives to the inputs of the optoelectronic digital converters 5, 17, 18, 19, . . . , n, whereupon the digital signals from the outputs of said optoelectronic digital converters enter corresponding inputs of the memory unit 20 in a single step, where they are saved as digital files. At a certain time point, which is defined by the operator by a control command that is sent from the data management and exchange unit 21, the digital files stored in the memory unit 20 are transferred to the computer 6 for subsequent processing and analysis in the normal mode, which is determined by the technical characteristics of the computer 6 and the data management and exchange unit 21. Said digital files can be stored in the memory unit 20 until the data management and exchange unit 21 issues a command to erase them, which guarantees accuracy of storage and transfer of large amounts of data regardless of the technical characteristics of the data transfer channel between the computer 6 and the data management and exchange unit 21. Single-step registration of the glow from all plates 2, 8, 9, 10, . . . , n ensures accuracy of analysis of the patient in its undisturbed state.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

[0023] Realization of the invention can be done by means of known technologies and standard equipment. In applicant's opinion, this enables to conclude that the invention conforms to the criterion "Industrial Applicability" (IA).



METHOD FOR DETERMINING HAIR HEALTH AND DEVICE FOR CARRYING OUT SAID METHOD
WO2006057568

The invention relates, mainly, to cosmetology. The inventive method for determining a hair health consists in exposing a hair sample to electromagnetic energy action which generates a hair glowing, in measuring the intensity of a light emitted by hairs, wherein said hair sample is exposed to the electromagnetic energy flow whose wavelength ranges from 10<-2> to 3 10<8 >m, a magnetic field intensity ranges from 10<4> to 10< 6> V/cm and the intensity is measured for the light emitted by hair ends. The inventive device for determining a hair health comprises a hair holder, a radiator of electromagnetic energy generating the hair glow, a receiver of the light emitted by the hairs and a measurer on the intensity thereof. The radiator is embodied in the form of a two-electrode arrangement, wherein one electrode is embodied in the form the hair holder and the second in the form of an optically-transparent current-conductive layer applied to one side of a plate.



Method of diagnosis of human organism
US2005014998

The invention relates to medicine and can be used for the disclosure of diseases in early stages. An object of the present invention is simplification and increase of accuracy of diagnosis of the state of human organism. According to the invention in the method of diagnosis of the human organism state consisting in obtaining visual images of structure of gas discharge streamers of fingers in electromagnetic field when contacted with electrode and in estimating streamer parameters, the visual images of structure of gas discharge streamers of fingers are divided into sectors, corresponding to various organs or systems of human organism, each sector is projected along the contour of the silhouette of human body, forming a single image at that, after which the human organism state is diagnosed by way of estimating parameters of gas discharge streamers of the obtained single image; closed curves are determined at that, corresponding to the borders of zones of contact of fingers with the electrode, cross points of these lines with the lines dividing the images of structure of gas discharge streamers of fingers into sectors are determined, and the single image is formed by these points along the silhouette of human body.



Device for Determining the State of a Biological Subject
US2010106424
RU2303391

The invention relates to physics and can be used for determining the functional state of a biological object, for example, a human or an animal. A device for determining the state of a biological subject, comprising an electric pulse generator, a transparent plate provided with an electrode which is embodied as an optically transparent conductive layer applied upon said plate, an objective, an optoelectronic digital converter, a computer and an information display unit, wherein the output of the generator is connected to the electrode, and the first output of the computer is connected to the input of the information display unit, said device being provided with one or more additional transparent plates with electrodes applied upon them, one or more additional objectives, and one or more additional optoelectronic digital converters, wherein the amount of additional objectives and optoelectronic digital converters equals the amount of additional transparent plates with electrodes applied upon them, said device being additionally provided with a memory unit and a data management and exchange unit, wherein the electrodes of all transparent plates are interconnected, the outputs of the optoelectronic digital converters are respectively connected to the first, second, n-th inputs of the memory unit, the output of said memory unit being connected to the first input of the data management and exchange unit, while the first output of the data management and exchange unit is connected to the (n+1)-th input of the memory unit, and the second output of said data management and exchange unit is connected to the input of the computer, the second output of the computer being connected to the second input of the data management and exchange unit. The device provides increased accuracy of the information on the state of a biological subject.



METHOD OF DETERMINING STATE OF BIOLOGICAL OBJECT AND DEVICE TO THIS END
RU2008115382

Invention relates to physics and can be used to determine functional state of a biological object. In the method of determining state of a biological object by recording and comparing gas-discharge luminescence structures around a standard object and the analysed biological object in an electromagnetic field created by an electromagnetic pulse generator, wherein the recorded gas-discharge luminescence structures around the standard object and the analysed biological object are converted to a digital code, quantitative parametres of these luminescence structures which reflect their characteristics are determined, corresponding points in space of the said parametres are determined for the standard object and analysed biological object, and from the distance between these points, deviation of quantitative parametres,; characterising the state of the analysed biological object, from quantitative parametres characterising the standard object is determined. The novelty is that, the standard object used is made from non-biological material, gas-discharge luminescence structures around the standard object are repeatedly recorded, relative deviation is calculated in line with measured quantitative parametres of the gas-discharge luminescence structures around the standard object from their mean value and if ëñ10%, the gas-discharge luminescence structures around the standard and analysed biological objects are compared, and if >10%, output voltage of the electromagnetic pulse generator is reduced and/or stability of these pulses is increased until ëñ10%. A metallic standard object can be used. A standard object in form of a vessel with electrically conducting liquid can be used.; In the proposed device for determining state of a biological object, which includes an electromagnetic pulse generator, sheet glass on the lower surface of which there is an electrode in form of a layer of electrically conducting optically transparent material, lens, optoelectronic digital converter, computer, information presentation unit, switching device which is made with possibility of successive connection of the generator with the standard object or the analysed biological object, wherein the first output of the generator is connected to the switching device and the second output to an electrode, the output of the lens is optically connected to the optical input of the optoelectronic digital converter, and the first output of the computer is connected to the output of the information presentation unit, the novelty lies in that,; the device further includes a unit for calculating relative deviation in line with the measured quantitative parametres of gas-discharge luminescence structures around the standard object from their mean value and a logic decision unit, wherein the input of the said unit for calculating relative deviation is connected to the first output of the optoelectronic digital converter, the second output of which is connected to the to the first input of the computer, the second input of which is connected to the first output of the logic decision unit, the second output of which is connected to the input of the generator. The switching device can be made in form of an electronic or electromechanical switch. ^ EFFECT: increased accuracy of determining state of a biological object.



DEVICE FOR ESTIMATING STATE OF BIOLOGICAL OBJECT
RU2303391

FIELD: physics. ^ SUBSTANCE: device can be used for estimation of functional condition of biological object, for example, human or animal. Device for estimating state of biological object has electron pulse oscillator, transparent plate provided with electrode made in form of optically transparent current conducting material, which electrode is applied onto plate, objective, electro-optical digital converter, computer and data representation unit. Output of oscillator is connected with electrode; first output of computer is connected with input of data representation unit. Device is provided with one or more additional transparent plates which have electrodes to be applied onto them; device also has one or more additional objectives and with one or more additional electro-optical digital converters.; Number of additional objectives and electro-optical converters corresponds to number of additional transparent plates provided with electrodes applied onto them. Device is additionally provided with memory unit and data exchange and control unit. Electrodes of all transparent plates are connected together. Outputs of electro-optical digital converters are connected with first, second, n-th inputs of memory unit correspondingly. Output of memory unit is connected with first input of data exchange and control unit, which has first output connected with (n+1) input of memory unit. Second input of memory unit is connected with input of computer. Second input of computer is connected with second input of data exchange and control unit. ^ EFFECT: improved precision of data received.



DEVICE FOR MEASURING INTENSIVENESS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION FIELD  
RU2280258

FIELD: gas-discharge electro-measuring equipment engineering, possible use for receiving objective data when performing bio-location. ^ SUBSTANCE: device for measuring strength of electromagnetic radiation field contains gas-discharge chamber, formed between electrodes, separated by dielectric, while one of aforementioned electrodes is made cylinder-shaped, and another one is made in form of disk, vertical symmetry axis of cylinder-shaped electrode is perpendicular to disk plane, while relation of diameter d of cylinder-shaped electrode to diameter D of electrode, made in form of disk, is within range 0,01<=/D<=0,3; vertical symmetry axis of cylinder-shaped electrode may pass through the center of electrode, made in form of disk; electrodes may be connected to electric voltage source; electric pulse generator may be utilized as electric voltage source; capacitive element may be connected into line of connection of cylinder-shaped electrode to voltage source; capacitive element may be in form of an antenna-ground pair. ^ EFFECT: increased sensitivity of device.



Method of diagnosis of human organism
US2005014998

The invention relates to medicine and can be used for the disclosure of diseases in early stages. An object of the present invention is simplification and increase of accuracy of diagnosis of the state of human organism. According to the invention in the method of diagnosis of the human organism state consisting in obtaining visual images of structure of gas discharge streamers of fingers in electromagnetic field when contacted with electrode and in estimating streamer parameters, the visual images of structure of gas discharge streamers of fingers are divided into sectors, corresponding to various organs or systems of human organism, each sector is projected along the contour of the silhouette of human body, forming a single image at that, after which the human organism state is diagnosed by way of estimating parameters of gas discharge streamers of the obtained single image; closed curves are determined at that, corresponding to the borders of zones of contact of fingers with the electrode, cross points of these lines with the lines dividing the images of structure of gas discharge streamers of fingers into sectors are determined, and the single image is formed by these points along the silhouette of human body.



Method for determining the anxiety level of a human being
US7869636
US2006084845

The invention relates to medicine and can be used for determining the anxiety level of a human being. According to said invention, in order to determine the anxiety level of a human being, the structures of a gas-discharge luminosity are fixed around the studied part of the same area of a human skin through a polymer film and without it, each structure is converted into a digital code, the quantitative parameters of the luminosity structure reflecting two-dimensional geometric characteristics of the gas-discharge luminosity are defined and the totality of the parameters of each structure is presented in the form of a point which is situated in a multidimensional parameter space. The level of anxiety of a human being is determined by the distance between the points for structures produced through the film and without it. The less the distance is, the lower the anxiety level is.



METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE ENERGY-INFORMATION CHARACTERISTICS OF A BIOLOGICAL OBJECT
WO9930612

The present invention relates to a method for determining the energy-information characteristics of a biological object, wherein said method comprises fixing and correlating a gas-discharge illumination system in an electro-magnetic field for a reference object and for the object to be analysed. The gas-discharge illumination systems thus fixed for the reference object and the object to be analysed are then converted into a digital code. This method also comprises determining the quantitative parameters of the illumination systems which indicate their two-dimensional geometrical characteristics. This method further comprises determining for both the reference object and the object to be analysed the corresponding points of said parameters in a multi-dimensional space and, from the distance between said points, the deviation of the energy-information characteristics of the object to be analysed relative to those of the reference object. It is further possible to determine the quantitative parameters of the gas-discharge illumination systems which indicate their luminosity, spectral and fractal characteristics.



METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE ENERGETIC AND INFORMATIVE ACTION OF AN OBJECT TO BE ANALYSED ON A LIQUID PHASE SUBSTANCE
WO9931482

The present invention relates to a method used for determining the energetic and informative action of an object to be analysed on a liquid phase substance. This method comprises radiating the liquid phase substance with infrared radiation according to a temperature interval having an arbitrary increment. The method then comprises recording the absorption spectra of the radiated substance for each selected temperature value, and applying onto said liquid phase substance an energetic and informative action using an object to be analysed. The substance is once again radiated with infrared radiation according to a temperature interval having an arbitrary increment, and the absorption spectra of the radiated substance are once again recorded for each selected temperature value. This method is characterised in that the absorption spectra of the liquid phase substance, which are recorded before and after the application of the energetic and informative action onto said substance, are converted into a digital code. This method further comprises determining the quantitative parameters of those spectra and determining in the space of said parameters the points which correspond to the absorption spectra of the liquid phase substance before and after the application thereon of the energetic and informative action using the object to be analysed. This method finally comprises determining from the distance between said points the intensity of the energetic and informative action of the object to be analysed onto the liquid phase substance.




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