rexresearch.com



Andrei MELNICHENKO
Ferromagnetic Resonance Generator



http://www.padrak.com/ine/NEN_4_8_6.html
RESONANCE EFFECT
From: Alexander V. Frolov alex@frolov.spb.ru
11 Nov 1996
New Energy News, Vol. 4, No. 8, December 1996, pp. 23-24

Dear Sirs,

I am glad to say some more news from Russia about free energy research.

Inventor Andrew A. Melnichenko made some devices powered by small primary source like 1.5 VDC battery and demonstrated that resonance effect is the way to free power output. He connected a 17W fan motor to his electronic system and it is working! Another load is 60W and it is working also! In his opinion, the system like his resonance circuit powered by small battery DC can be power source for home (KWatts) also! The battery is necessary to make alternating voltage output for resonance circuit. It is possible to close the loop and to make self-charging battery mode.

In resonance, as you must know from college textbook, source is not the source of current, but it is source of voltage only. It doesn't require current from source and it doesn't require power expense from source...

This article is different from the other since it made some references on Tesla's work. Yes, it is the same as Tesla's resonance transformer but in this version inventor didn't raise the output to million Volts like Tesla made.

I hope that somebody is interested to make joint research with Andrew Melnitchenko. He need partners like most inventors. If you'll have some progress in this deal, please, let me know. Perhaps, together we can open a door to the future.

-- Alexander V. Frolov



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_LLPGbf87aU
Andrey Melnichenko - Ferromagnetic free energy generation





https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rpbox5wgDUY
GLED 2



WO2017209652
METHOD AND DEVICE (VARIANTS) FOR GENERATING ELECTRICAL ENERGY BY PARTIALLY SEPARATING THE MAGNETIC FIELD OF A FERROMAGNETIC SUBSTANCE FROM A MAGNETIZATION COIL

[ PDF ]

The invention relates to means of generating electrical energy. A method for generating electrical energy is based on converting energy during the magnetization and demagnetization of a core, and drawing off additional energy using an additional detachable secondary winding. The additional energy in the invention can be obtained during demagnetization of a core which has been premagnetized using a coil. A device (and variants thereof) comprises magnetization coils and cores, the number and position of which may differ in different embodiments of the device. The technical result is the possibility of obtaining an additional amount of electrical energy without additionally expending electrical energy on the working of the device.

DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION

The method of generating electricity due to the separation of the magnetic field of a ferromagnet from the magnetization coil consists in creating and transforming magnetic fields that are not inductively connected to the magnetization coil (s). The formation of these magnetic fields is achieved due to the special design and the very topology of the magnetic field of the device, when only a part of the magnetic flux and magnetic energy of the core (s) of the ferromagnet are coupled with the magnetization coil. The second stage is the conversion of all the energy of the magnetic field and the magnetization coil and the core of a ferromagnet during demagnetization (in the reverse direction) into electricity. Generation and is achieved by converting all the magnetic energy of the core into electricity. During demagnetization, the magnetic energy of the core from a ferromagnet that is not associated with the magnetization coil is converted into additional electrical energy that does not involve the cost of magnetization. The simplest version of the topology of the device that implements this method of generation is a current, a coil of a wire, a circuit, or a magnetization coil located just next to the volume, the core of a ferromagnet.

The magnetization coil located, for example, opposite the end of the core of a ferromagnet. At the same time, a significant or even a large part of the magnetic field energy of the core of a ferromagnet is in no way connected inductively with the magnetization coil, but is closed around the core, bypassing the magnetization coil. The magnetic field energy is proportional to the square of the magnetic field induction and therefore almost all magnetic energy is closed in the nearest zone of space around the core. The magnetic field is closed around the entire core and the shape of the magnetic field depends on the shape of the core of the ferromagnet, which can be used to build devices.

In traditional conventional electrical engineering, the magnetizing winding always covers all or almost all of the magnetic field of the core. Dividing the magnetic field of the core from the magnetization coil, we get the magnetic field of the ferromagnet, which does not affect the establishment of current in the magnetization coil. The principle of separation of the magnetic field of the volume, the core of a ferromagnet from the magnetization coil itself is achieved by a special device topology and is the main feature of the invention. The method of generation is achieved due to the fact that the distance from the magnetization wires to the surface of the core of the ferromagnet is large enough and sufficient to form a significant short circuit of the magnetic flux of the ferromagnet, not covering the coils with current and forming an inductive coupling with the magnetization coil. In the device, the magnetization coil is not worn on the core itself, but as if it is attached to the side, for example, at the end face at a certain distance from it.

The magnitude of this distance depends on the diameter of the coil and the thickness of the core and is determined by the desired magnitude of the magnetic coupling. The simplest version of the device and the topology of the system is just a piece, the volume of the ferromagnet located next to the wire with current. This forms a significant part of the magnetic field is not covering the wire and is not associated with a wire inductive coupling. The cores may be located around the wire, but must be separated by gaps for the partial or strong separation of their magnetic fields from each other. If a wire with a current forms a coil, the circuit, then the cores can be inside the circuit (but away from the wire itself), both outside the contour plane and nearby, as well as generally outside the circuit, a coil with current.

In another case (variant), the magnetization coil has several (or many times) larger diameter, cross-section than the cross-section of the core and partially or almost completely comes to the core along the plane. This is a kind of remote magnetization of the volume of a ferromagnet and it allows you to get the magnetic field of the volume of a ferromagnet already in no way connected inductively (magnetically) to the magnetization coil. It is important that the device can be used only one core, and the magnetization coil itself without a core.

The work of the current source (the cost of electricity) during magnetization is always equal to the magnetic energy in the magnetization coil plus the loss. The work of the current source, the electric power expended on magnetization, is always equal (without taking into account losses) of that and only the magnetic energy of the volume of the ferromagnet, which is magnetically inductively connected to the magnetization coil. But all the energy of the magnetic field of a ferromagnet will always be much more than the part of the magnetic field energy of the ferromagnet that is inductively connected to the coil. As a result, the full energy of the magnetic field of a ferromagnet will be greater than the cost of its remote (at a distance) magnetization. And the cost of electricity for magnetization will always be equal only to the energy of the magnetic field that is inductively connected to the magnetization coil itself. But then the total energy of the magnetic field of the core of a ferromagnet will always be greater than the portion of the energy of the core field associated with the magnetization coil. The part is always smaller than the whole.

This allows you to get the energy of the magnetic field of the core of a ferromagnet more than the cost of electricity itself for magnetization in the magnetization coil. The cost of electricity for magnetization is always equal only and only to the magnetic energy that is directly connected inductively to the magnetization coil by magnetic flux linking and direct inductive coupling. But with the magnetization coil inductively (due to the topology of devices and fields) only a small part of the magnetic field energy of the volume from the ferromagnet is connected, and the total energy of the magnetic core will always be greater than the magnetic field energy of the ferromagnet associated with the magnetization coil. But in order to demagnetize (on the reverse course), all the energy of the magnetic field of a ferromagnet volume needs to be converted into electric energy, a special removable secondary additional winding is needed. This removable secondary winding is not involved (the current is blocked by diodes or controlled by a rectifier) during magnetization and works only during the demagnetization phase.

In the case of a reverse pulse converter, the secondary winding operates only in the current off (or fall) phase by the transistor or thyristor in the primary magnetizing coil.

The reverse mode allows you to get rid of the reaction of the current in the secondary winding during magnetization, but does not interfere with the conversion of magnetic energy of the ferromagnet during demagnetization. It should be noted that the energy in a ferromagnet is stored in the form of a magnetic elastic interaction energy of the domains, and this quantity also depends on the initial induction and the external constant magnetic field. When the core is magnetized by permanent magnets (or currents), it is possible to work on a cycle not of magnetization, but already demagnetization of the core to zero or of the remagnetization of the core in general in the opposite direction. But the principle of the reverse stroke remains here, this is the accumulation of magnetic elastic energy in a ferromagnet and then the return of the magnetic induction to the primary state. The core magnetized by permanent magnets can be demagnetized by the magnetic field of the current and even reversal in the opposite direction to the magnetic field of the magnets. This allows you to significantly increase the maximum amplitude of the magnetic induction in the core of a ferromagnet, almost twice (maximum) than just on the magnetization cycle from zero induction.

Also, the presence of a demagnetizing field of permanent magnets makes it possible to reduce the time of decay of magnetic induction to zero when the magnetization current is turned off and to reduce the residual induction in the core. The magnets can be located both sequentially at the ends of the core, and parallel to it.

The very form of the cores of a ferromagnet is also very important. This may be a simple straight-shaped core or have end tabs to reduce the demagnetizing factor and create a specific shape W magnetic field around the core. For example, a core of ferrite can be in the form of a dumbbell to form a specific topology of the magnetic field and reduce the demagnetization of the end parts. The shape of the dumbbell and the end protrusions can be like that of a solid core (or whole sheets of charge) and can also be in the form of separate end patches reprimanded the butt. This composing core of a ferromagnet consists already of three parts in the form of a central core and two side cores in the form of overlays on the ends. It can also use a conventional serial or special core made from ferrite in the form of a dumbbell or in any similar or similar form (and in the same projection). The laminated core is made in the form of a pack of transformer or electrical sheets (steel for dynamo machines) of steel of straight or special shape, or consist of several packs of steel. In this case, the direction of the magnetic stray fields of the laminated core along and across the direction of the charge will vary considerably, and this must be taken into account when designing devices.

The greatest magnetic scattering will be along the plane of the charge sheets, and not across, sheets, which is associated with eddy currents in the steel sheets. End plates are located across the end and allow you to direct the magnetic fields of the scattering of the core sideways from the end of the core and reduce the magnetic coupling with the turns of magnetization. The end plate essentially as a magnetic shunt turns the magnetic fluxes of the core to the sides.

The devices operate on the principle of creation, accumulation of magnetic energy and its transformation during demagnetization and shutdown of the current. Demagnetizing currents as in a normal transformer with magnetization do not occur as they are blocked by diodes or controlled rectifier from transistors or thyristors. This is the so-called backstop mode. The current in the secondary winding is only in the phase of the shutdown and fall of the current in the magnetizing coil.

The principle of reversal can be implemented in a pulse conversion with the opening of the magnetizing current in the primary coil circuit using a transistor, relay, brush collector or lockable thyristor. As well as any other type of keys such as vacuum tubes, gas discharges and other methods. The device can simply be powered by a pulsating voltage and current from any external special power source. Voltage and current can be variable, but with a constant component or any other form of rise and fall of the current. With an alternating current of any form, there are also phases of current growth and phases of current decay, which can be used to implement the principle of reverse stroke. Conversion converters in the pulse converter technology can be of different schemes, for example, booster, chopper or inverting converters, and any other scheme. You can use any options for the scheme to implement the method and device generation. The magnetizing coil and secondary windings can operate independently (for different loads) or work in parallel on a common capacitive (capacitor) voltage adder.

And they can work together and consistently for one common load. In this case, in the demagnetizing phase and in the fall of the magnetization current, the magnetization coil itself and the detachable secondary winding on the core are simply connected in series to the common load. In this case, their EMF and voltage and magnetic energy are added together in total, transforming into electricity in the total load. Sequential connection allows you to use together the coils and windings with different voltages and EMF for one load. The accumulator of the capacitors in this case is not needed.

The principle of separation of the magnetic field and ferromagnet is realized through a special topology of the device. Separation of the magnetic field of a ferromagnet from a current arises simply if the volume of the ferromagnet is near the wire with a current or near the coil windings both inside the current loop and from the outside. In this part of the significant energy of the magnetic field of the core, the volume of the ferromagnet closes without covering the current and without inductive coupling with the magnetizing current. This part of the energy of the magnetic field of the system that the current source does not see when magnetized and the current source does not waste electric energy on this magnetic field energy of the ferromagnet. But this component of the magnetic field of a ferromagnet (not related to magnetizing currents) can be converted in the reverse course with the help of an additional winding into additional electric power. In this case, the volume of a ferromagnet can simply be near the current, either as a direct wire, for example, or in the form of a coil. A ferromagnet can be located inside a large circuit (or coils with current) whose diameter is several or many times larger than the cross section of the core and its length.

A ferromagnet can be located outside the contour or turns of the coil, but near it, for example. The magnetization coil can be flat as in the form of a coil with a current. The length of the magnetization coil can be much less than the length of the core itself and the core can partially or completely go inside the volume of the coil or in its plane. In this case, the magnetization still extends to the entire core of the ferromagnet due to the magnetic interaction of the domains. The magnetization coil can be as flat as a coil, and this reduces the amount of magnetic energy itself and the cost of magnetization. Magnetic energy depends not only on the magnitude of the square of the magnetic field, but also on the volume of the magnetic field itself. And this determines the cost of electricity for magnetization. For magnetization, the local (in space) strong magnetic field in the region of a part of the core of a ferromagnet is often enough. This allows significantly (at times) to reduce the cost of electricity for magnetization and to have a fairly strong magnetic induction in a ferromagnet.

The magnetization applies to the entire volume of the ferromagnet. The length of the coil may be significantly less than the length of the core (s) of the ferromagnet. The magnetization coil can be either integral or composed of separate sections spaced apart for more uniform magnetization of the core. The magnetization coil can work for two or three cores (and more) at once. The optimal design option is to use several cores, as this gives more magnetic energy to ferromagnets. For example, one magnetization coil operates on two cores and its plane is located between or near the ends of the cores separated by an air gap. Such a core can be represented as first a solid one core, but then, as it were, sawed in half and spread apart over a certain gap between the ends. The dimensions of the cross section or the diameter of the magnetization coil can be several times and many times larger than the dimensions of the cross section or the diameter of the core (s) itself.

This allows you to increase the magnetic field of the magnetization coil for a distance along the length of the cores and reduce the magnetic coupling of this magnetization coil with the magnetic field of the cores themselves. The magnetization coil at the same time as it covers the gap between the cores, which also reduces the magnetic coupling with them. The ends of the cores also mutually magnetize each other a little through the gap to enhance induction. But the main role in the magnetization of the cores of a ferromagnet is played by the magnetic field of the magnetization current in the coil along the cores.

The device may be of three cores, of a ferromagnet also separated by large gaps for strong separation of their magnetic fields. In this case, the magnetization coil is also better to do several or many times larger than the cross section, the dimensions of the sides of the cores themselves. The magnetizing coil can cover only one central core by volume or partially or completely go along the planes on two lateral cores. The length of the magnetization coil can be much less than the length of the central core with a relatively large enlarged diameter to reduce the magnetic coupling with the core field. To reduce the magnetic coupling and the cost of magnetization, the central core can have several times smaller cross-sectional area than the side cores and have a relatively small length. The cross-sectional area (and the cross-sectional shape itself) of the central core may be almost the same or specifically several times smaller than the cross-sectional area of the side cores. At the same time, the central core is used as an auxiliary core to increase mutual magnetization through the gaps.

All this allows to reduce the cost of magnetization (and the size of the coil) and increase the magnetic flux is not associated with the coil. The useful energy of the magnetic field is removed from all three cores from a ferromagnet during demagnetization. The device of the three cores is one of the most simple and technologically advanced device. As already described, the magnetization coil (devices with cores outside the magnetization coil) may have (as an option) and a small internal (central) kind of auxiliary core of a ferromagnet, but this is not a prerequisite. It is used to generate all three cores. The device can be integrally composed of any number of magnetization coils (coil sections) and any number of ferromagnetic cores of various shapes and cross sections to reduce the cost of magnetization and increase the magnetic energy of the fields of the ferromagnet outside the magnetization coils.

The device can work and generally only with one core of a ferromagnet. Any solid single core can be represented as an integral sum of consecutive cores with small, small gaps. An important difference from the magnetization options with a special inductor core in the magnetization coil is that the additional energy is removed from all the cores of the system. And the simplest version of the device can be only on one core of a ferromagnet and with one coil of magnetization. The core is partially or completely inserted into the magnetization coil or almost adjacent to its plane. The magnetization coil itself can be a single uniform density of turns or heterogeneous, or even consist of several separate sections separated, separated by a certain distance. This allows you to create a more uniform induction along the core due to its stronger local magnetization of its end parts and an increase in the total longitudinal uniform magnetization.

Sections (two) can be shifted closer to the ends of the core to reduce the magnetic coupling with the core field. This is due to the fact that the magnetic equator of the core will always have the maximum magnetic flux linkage. This is better than the location of a single magnetization coil near the middle of the core, since it reduces the magnetic coupling and the cost of magnetization with a stronger local magnetization of the end parts of the core. To reduce the magnetic coupling with the core, it is also used to increase (by a factor) the diameter or sides of the cross section of the magnetization coil round, rectangular, etc., of any shape. To reduce the demagnetizing factor, one whole core can be replaced with a bundle of separate parallel cores in the form of rods or plates, but separated by gaps from a dielectric to reduce mutual demagnetization. Such a core can be considered as many separate cores or as a single type core of individual parts in the form of a bundle or bundle. Each such core of the bundle may have its own separate removable winding to convert the entire magnetic field of the core.

The windings are all combined in parallel and in series for a common load or drive. A pack can work as one single composable core. With the same total effective area, the magnetization and magnetic induction of such a core of cores or plates will be greater. This is due to the fact that cores that are more elongated in relation to width have a much lower demagnetization coefficient. This original technical solution is practically not used in conventional electrical engineering, but is useful for increasing the magnetization of unclosed cores. It is also important what form of cross section at the core, with the same cross-sectional area, the round core will always have a significantly greater demagnetization coefficient than the core of a rectangular elongated or elongated round section or almost flat in cross section. This section shape can be used to construct a device to reduce the demagnetizing factor. In this case, the magnetization coil should also be rectangular elongated in the desired cross section and have a sufficient distance from the surface of the core in order to form a magnetic leakage flux inside the coil.

This elongated rectangular shape of the cross section must also take into account that the magnetic leakage flux basically closes along the more elongated side of a rectangular cross section. This factor should be taken into account when choosing the direction of the charge in the laminated core of steel plates. In this direction, the parameters of the size of the magnetization coil are made. This shape of the section allows you to make the device more compact in packing into modules than just coils of rounded section. The elongated rectangular or rounded shape (without sharp corners) of the core and the magnetization coil increases the consumption of the wire, but this section shape is more comfortable and more efficient with the same working section area. To reduce the demagnetizing factor, the laminated core of steel plates may have an increased thickness of insulating gaskets from the dielectric between the plates or sheets of steel or the core itself has periodically spaced gaps from the dielectric that break the core into separate parallel packs.

These are all variants of the design, where the core is located either near the magnetization coil or even inside the magnetization coil. This topology can be integrally combined into a closed torus-type magnetic system or a rectangular chain (with gaps) of many coils and cores. In this integral design, the magnetic fields of the coils partially overlap and sum up, reinforcing each other, and the cores mutually magnetize each other through the gaps. The device may contain one common magnetization coil and any large number of small, micro-cores (with windings) or cores in the form of ferromagnetic particles and arranged both sequentially and parallel to each other. Each such core has its removable winding.

The degree of magnetic interaction and magnetic coupling between them can be different, but all distances between the cores should be chosen, so that significant stray magnetic fields closed only around cores in the near zone of space would always form. These all magnetic fields of dispersion and this magnetic energy are inductively in no way connected with the magnetization coil. The magnetizing current is supplied only to one common external magnetization coil, but the magnetic energy is already removed during demagnetization from the magnetization coil and from all cores, microcores or ferromagnetic particles (in a dielectric) located inside the magnetization coil. At the same time, all the magnetic energy of all internal (relative to the coil) magnetic fields of dispersion of all cores, microcores or ferromagnetic particles is converted into additional electric power. All windings of all cores (particles) from a ferromagnet are already combined in groups in parallel and (or) in series for a common or different load or for a common electric energy storage in the form of a battery or capacitor bank.

Such a magnetic system can be either direct (open magnetically at the ends) in the form of a solenoid-type coil (with cores) or in the form of a more complex closed magnetic system such as a torus or a rectangular magnetic circuit to close the common magnetic field inside the system. This allows you to make a partial magnetic insulation of the external environment.

But the cores can be located just near or around a straight wire (wires) or a coil with a current tangential to the magnetic field of the current. The magnetic field of direct or almost direct current, coil, and others forms concentric magnetic induction lines closed around the wire with current. This version of the topology also allows you to use a large number of cores, a large total magnetic flux and the total energy of the magnetic field with a single coil, circuit, magnetization coil. Each core also has its own removable winding, which is needed to convert all the magnetic energy of the core, including that which is inductively not connected to the magnetization coil.

A ferromagnet can also be in the form of a torus that covers the current, but this torus must be divided by large gaps into separate segments for a partial separation of their magnetic fields. It can be said that these are simply several or many cores located tangentially to the magnetic field of the current. Such cores are magnetized tangentially by the current field and also mutually slightly magnetize each other through large gaps, forming a magnetic circuit. Such magnetic circuits from the segments seem to cover the wire and current. But because of the large gaps, the magnetic fields of the cores are closed mainly right around them in the near zone, and does not form a magnetic circuit. At the same time, the magnetic fields of the segments that are no longer inductively coupled to the current or turns of the coil arise. This kind of almost closed magnetic circuit is obtained, but it can be in the form of a torus or a rectangular shape of segments with gaps and consist of any number of ferromagnetic segments. Each such separate torus segment from a ferromagnet must have its own detachable secondary winding (section) to convert the entire magnetic field of the ferromagnet segment.

The magnitude of the gaps between the segments of the magnetic circuit is chosen such that a significant separation of the magnetic fields of the segments (and their energy) is obtained than the formation of the total magnetic flux. This allows you to receive significant magnetic energy of the segments and convert it into additional electricity. On one straight wire with a current or on the turns of a coil, such magnetic circuits in the form of a torus or rectangular shape and of any shape can be much strung together. The cores, and more specifically the volumes from the ferromagnet, can be simply located near the current, the loop or with the coil, both outside the current loop and outside the plane of the loop or outside the volume of the magnetization coil. The core is located either outside the plane of the current loop, but next to it, or displaced in any direction relative to the axis of the loop. The core (s) can be located and generally only outside the magnetization coil at its ends or even stand sideways, as it were, but the magnetization is not very efficient. If the coil has a diameter or cross-sectional size (the cross-sectional shape can be any) several times larger than the cross-section of a short relative to the core, then the core can be located anywhere inside the coil and centrally or closer to the periphery.

The magnetic fields of the core are partially closed right inside the circuit and without inductive coupling with it. The magnetization of a ferromagnet is the most effective, but the device must have a coil of magnetization of a large diameter section. The main thing is that a significant part of the magnetic field energy of the core (s) is closed inside the coil, but without inductive coupling with the coils of this coil themselves. Physically, this is also the same as the closure of a magnetic field outside the plane of the magnetization coil. But at the same time maximum magnetization is achieved due to the location of the ferromagnetic core in the magnetization circuit. A decrease in the magnetic coupling of the coil with the core field occurs due to an increase in the diameter of the coil or simply due to the displacement of the core itself slightly relative to the plane of the magnetization coil. The distance from the core to the wires of the magnetization coil and the very direction of the magnetic induction lines of the coil and the magnetic flux of the core are also important here.

It is important to clearly understand that it is not the formal presence of the flux linkage that is important, but the real effective magnetization and efficient magnetic flux linkage. The presence of some, for example, a separate coil (or several) magnetization coils on the core itself (with full flux linkage) does not mean that the costs of magnetization are associated with the entire core field of a ferromagnet. When trying to bypass my patent for an invention, the fact that the arrangement of several turns (for example, with hundreds of other turns of the coil) of the magnetization coil formally violates the formula that there is a magnetic field not inductively connected to the magnetization coil. The situation is also complicated by the presence of some kind of counter-included turns and sections, and the contribution to the magnetization and the cost of electricity for the magnetization already from each turn need to be taken into account. In this case, separate spaced turns of the magnetization coil can in principle be coupled with the entire magnetic field of the core, but this is not associated with effective magnetization.

It is not the formal flux linkage of individual turns and core fields that is important, but the effective magnetization itself and the effective magnetic flux linking of fields and turns. The magnetic flux linkage of individual turns of the magnetization coil with the core field of a ferromagnet may be, but this may not have anything to do with the actual effective magnetization of this core or the contribution to the magnetization effect is simply small and insignificant. Any partial flux linking of some part of the turns of the magnetization coil and the magnetic field of the cores from a ferromagnet is possible, but it is always necessary to take into account only the effective (and not formal) magnetization and flux linkage of the fields, as well as the associated costs of electricity for the magnetization itself.

The ferromagnet itself is formed by the quantum currents of the magnetic moments of the electrons (spins) and has no inductive impedance resistance. In this case, the ferromagnet is an independent carrier of the magnetic field energy. For the magnetization of a ferromagnet and the formation of its magnetic energy, it is not the current and voltage that are needed as in a coil of wire, for example, but only an external initiating magnetic field of an external current in the wires. For generation, it is only necessary to partially inductively separate the ferromagnetic own magnetic field from the magnetization coil itself. This is a kind of remote magnetization at a certain distance from the wires of the magnetization coil. This method and method of generation allows to obtain additional energy of the magnetic field of the ferromagnet volume without the cost of electricity of the current source. And when demagnetizing (on the reverse), this additional and all the energy of the magnetic field of the ferromagnetic volume can be easily converted into electric energy using a special removable secondary winding, which is located on the core itself and covers the entire magnetic field of the core.

The essence of the method of generation lies in the magnetization of a ferromagnet, the formation of magnetic field energy outside the magnetization coil and then the conversion of the entire magnetic field energy of the ferromagnet (during demagnetization) through a special additional removable secondary winding on the core itself. The secondary winding works only on the reverse course during the demagnetization phase. Reverse mode allows you to effectively receive and convert the magnetic energy of the core without the effect of demagnetization as in conventional transformers. The devices (and the method itself) work in the phase of accumulation of magnetic energy of the ferromagnet and in the phase of its conversion. In the demagnetization phase, the magnetization winding and the secondary coil can be connected together in series or in parallel for one common load or to work for different loads or for one through a common voltage adder from capacitors.

The device of the simplest type for implementing this method is a magnetization coil simply located near the end of a simple straight core of a ferromagnet in the form of a rod or bar. The magnetization coil may have a cross section that is smaller, equal, close, or larger than the cross section of the core itself (or one of its sections). The magnetization coil can be several and many times larger in diameter and cross-section than the core section itself and partly along the plane go to the end portion of the core or be at a distance from the plane of the core end face. Larger coils of magnetization produce a stronger magnetic field at the same distance from the section plane than coils of smaller diameter or cross section. For stronger magnetization, two coils can be placed on both sides of the core opposite each end for magnetization on both sides at once. Another simplest version of the device is a closed core with a large air gap, in which the magnetization coil is located.

In this device, one magnetization coil in the gap already magnetizes two ends of a closed core in the form of a rectangular or rounded magnetic circuit. The gap is specially made large and the magnetic field of the core is closed mainly not through the gap, but through the air around the entire core, as in a straight core in the form of a rod. One magnetizing coil magnetizes two ends of one almost closed core at once. It can be a rectangular magnetic circuit or in the form of a torus, simple or branched. The magnetic circuit can be solid or consist of individual segments of a ferromagnet. Segments of the magnetic circuit can be further separated by small air gaps for partial separation of the magnetic fields of these segments. This allows you to increase the total magnetic flux of all cores with the same cross-sectional area of the segments. A magnetic circuit may have two or more magnetization coils between segments for a larger total magnetic flux in the device. But the simplest version of the device is one core (straight or almost closed) and one magnetization coil.

In a device with a straight core, it is better to make two magnetization coils for magnetizing the core from two ends at once. These two coils can be represented simply and as two spatially separated sections of a single magnetization coil. In the case of a closed or, more precisely, an almost closed core with a gap, one magnetization coil, which acts on two ends of the core, is sufficient. This is a kind of closed (semi-closed) version of the design of the device and the magnetic system and its analogue is a straight rod with a magnetization coil at the end of the core. These are the simplest versions of devices, with only one core. In these devices, the magnetic field of the core of a ferromagnet is closed as if to the side, away from the magnetization coil itself. But the magnetization coil of especially large diameter, which is several or many times larger than the cross section of the core, may even partially (on its plane) land on the end portion of the core (s) for stronger magnetization.

The core can be located completely inside the magnetization coil whose diameter is several or many times larger than the cross section of the core and approximately (plus or minus) is comparable to the length of the core of the ferromagnet.

The core of a ferromagnet of a certain length can be located directly inside the magnetization coil, the diameter of which is several times, many times larger than the cross section of the core. At the same time, the distance from the wires of the magnetization coil to the surface of the core is sufficient for complete closure of a large part of the magnetic field energy of the ferromagnet inside the magnetization coil without flux linkage and without inductive coupling with the magnetization coil. In principle, the magnetic field of the core can be closed either to the side (side) of the magnetization coil or directly inside the magnetization coil. For this, the core itself should not be long, and the magnetization coil should be comparable in diameter to approximately the length of this ferromagnetic core. The magnitude of the magnetic coupling of the coil-core can be widely varied technically in the desired limit due to the different size of the cross section, the diameter of the magnetization coil, as well as the length and thickness of the cross section of the core of the ferromagnet. The diameter of the magnetization coil or its cross section (rectangular, for example) must be several or many times larger than the cross section of the core itself.

And the length of the core should not significantly exceed the diameter or cross section of the magnetization coil. It is better to use shorter cores. The core can be located either in the center (preferably) or arbitrarily in a large-diameter magnetization coil. The distance from the wires of the magnetization coil to the surface of the core must be sufficient for there to be a space for closing a significant part of the magnetic field energy of the core inside the magnetization coil and without inductive coupling to the coil.

The magnetic field and the magnetic energy of the cores is closed in a large area inside the magnetization coil itself. To convert all the magnetic energy of the core into electrical energy, there is a special removable secondary winding on it that only works on the reverse course during demagnetization. This secondary winding can be connected in parallel or in series to a common load together with a magnetizing coil or work on a separate load. Many such large-diameter coils with cores (arranged in series and mutually magnetizing each other through gaps) can form a common total, integral system. The magnetic chain can be in the form of a straight or closed magnetic circuit, including a branched magnetic circuit. In this case, the individual magnetization coils can be represented as separate sections of a common magnetization coil. A device of this type is a magnetization coil (integral or in the form of separate sections) and a type-setting core in the form of successive cores through the gaps.

The size of the gaps can be different for different devices, from small gaps to cases where the cores interact weakly through large gaps. Such a total core can be represented as a kind of common dial core, but also as a set of generally separate cores arranged in series through the gaps.

To reduce the demagnetizing factor, the core itself can be made from a ferromagnet not solid, but stacked in the form of a bundle of parallel rods of circular or rectangular cross-section or flat plates separated by non-magnetic spacers from a dielectric. Such narrower rods or plates are easier to magnetize and have a lower demagnetization factor. This gives a stronger induction of magnetization.

In laminated cores made from transformer or electrical steel plates, it is possible to significantly increase the insulation between the plates by means of gaskets made of plastic, cardboard, etc. The thickness of the dielectric plates can be comparable with and even exceed the thickness of the plates or steel sheets themselves.

This dramatically reduces the demagnetizing factor and increases the induction of the magnetic field at the same length and thickness of the entire dial core of a ferromagnet. In principle, a device may simply have not a monolithic core (solid), but a series of individual cores arranged in parallel and separated by gaps from a dielectric to reduce mutual demagnetization. Such a core can be represented as a kind of a typesetting core in the form of a bundle of rods or plates, but also as a set of simply parallelly arranged separate cores in the form of rods or plates. In addition, each core in a bundle may have its own removable secondary winding.

The core can also be composed in the form of successive segments separated by air gaps (from a dielectric) for the effect of partial separation of their magnetic fields. Around each core is also formed its own magnetic field due to gaps. The total magnetic flux of such a typesetting core of the segments may be significantly larger than that of a solid core of such a cross-sectional area. These are devices with a large number of cores. The magnetization coil may be surrounded by the cores of a ferromagnet on all sides, or it may be inserted into a window as a whole or a type-setting, simple or branched magnetic circuit. This may be a rectangular magnetic circuit, in the window of which a magnetizing coil (without a core) is simply inserted. Two opposite magnetic fluxes are formed in the core, and more in the branched magnetic circuit. A flat-shaped magnetization coil (short and wide) can be completely filled both outside and inside with ferromagnetic cores, but so there would be a place for short-circuiting the magnetic fields of the cores that do not cover (or partially cover) the magnetization coil wires.

Any device of any complex shape can be easily technically represented as an integral sum of individual cores and one or more magnetization coils. Any topology of the magnetic circuit can be assembled from individual magnetization coils from cores of different shapes, whole or team in the form of segments. The cores can be joined as segments with large gaps for the separation of magnetic fields or with minimal gaps to obtain just the desired shape of the core. The shape of the section of the magnetization coil can be of various shapes, steep, rectangular or rounded. The magnetization coil can be flat, short, cylindrical or in the form of separate spaced sections. To improve the efficiency of magnetization, you can use two magnetization coils located on both sides of the ends of one core. In this case, the core of a ferromagnet is magnetized at once from both sides and the magnetic fields of the coils are added, which increases the efficiency and uniformity of magnetization.

One magnetization coil may be located between two cores of a ferromagnet, located in the region of the gap between the cores. In this case, one coil magnetizes two cores at once. The magnetization coil can partially go along the plane on the ends of the cores, provided that the diameter, section of the coil is many times larger than the section of the core itself. But the simplest version of the device is a device with only one core of a ferromagnet. But variants of devices are possible with any large number of cores. Any device with a large number of cores and sections of the magnetization coil can be simply represented as a total integrated design of individual elements with one core. A large-diameter magnetization coil can partially go (along the plane of the ends of the coil) to the ends or to some parts of the cores themselves. Various smooth variations of the magnetic coupling are possible, and any ratios of the coil length and the length of the core (s) of a ferromagnet are possible.

This applies to different devices and with any number of cores. The magnetic coupling of individual cores and the magnetization coil in general can be different in one device with a large number of cores. The magnetic effect of the coil field on the cores along the axis (from the plane) of the coil increases with increasing its diameter and this can be used in devices for more effective remote magnetization at a distance. This allows a better magnetization of the cores with less magnetic feedback with the magnetization coil.

The device may consist, for example, of a magnetization coil of relatively large diameter or cross section (and rectangular, for example) and three cores. In this case, the magnetization coil (large diameter) can cover only the central core along the plane of the end parts, or partially enter the side cores or only the gaps or partially and the two side two cores themselves. There may be various smooth variations of the topology of the mutual arrangement and magnetic coupling, but they are not of fundamental importance. The magnetization coil can be as long as it is smaller than the central core, or to be approximately equal to it (taking into account gaps) or to be greater than the length of the central core. The magnetization coil can go edges (along the ends of the planes) on the side cores to varying degrees in different variations of the mutual inductive magnetic coupling. Due to this, the magnetic coupling with the core is regulated. The shape of the cores can be usual in the form of rods of rectangular or rounded cross-section or in the form of plates of a ferromagnet (ferrite, etc.).

But special-shaped cores can be used. For example, cores in the form of a skeleton form (or shaped like a bobbin for threads) have a rectangular or rounded cross section, such as those used for inductance chokes made from ferrite. This special form of ferrite is also called a dumbbell. The shape of the ferrite dumbbell is similar in shape to Babin for cable or wires. The shape of the cross section of the parts may be round or rectangular. To increase the magnetization of the core may have separate toothed side projections on the ends. The magnetic field of the end parts is always very concentrated on these protrusions, ledges and teeth of the ends. The presence of lateral projections (at the end) of the core of a ferromagnet significantly changes the topology of the magnetic field, since the magnetic fluxes are concentrated on different projections. The side projections of a ferromagnet seem to concentrate and direct the magnetic fluxes laterally from the ends of the core, which reduces the length of the induction power lines and improves the closure of the magnetic energy in the near zone of the core.

The side projections can be made at a solid core or made in the form of separate transverse lining on the end parts. The special-shaped cores with lateral protrusions in particular make it possible to sharply reduce the total magnetic coupling with the magnetization coil at the same distances, gaps and sizes. In profile, such a core is H-shaped. Lateral protrusions also significantly reduce the demagnetizing factor for a ferromagnetic core with the same longitudinal length of the core. The device can be in the form of a ferrite core in the form of a framework for threads and a magnetization coil, the diameter of which is several times larger than the cross section of the core and comparable to the length of the core itself. The magnetic energy of the core is largely, mostly, enclosed within such a magnetization coil, and no electric power is generated from its formation. And on the very core there is a special removable secondary winding for converting all the energy of the magnetic field of the core from a ferromagnet.

This is one of the two basic principles of magnetic field separation topology. The magnetic field can be closed outside the coil plane (side) or partially or completely right in the coil plane itself due to the size of the magnetization coil itself, which is several times or many times larger than the cross section of the core itself. It is important to take into account the length of the core of the ferromagnet. A shorter core closes the magnetic field in the near zone of space better than a longer core. The typesetting core of successively located many short cores (through large gaps) allows one to significantly reduce the cross section width and the diameter of the magnetization coil. In this type of core with gaps around each short core, its own stray magnetic field is formed, which is closed in the near zone of space. This typesetting core can significantly reduce the size of the diameter, section of the magnetization coil. The device represents a magnetization coil and a core (solid or inlaid) inside it with a secondary winding.

The diameter or cross section of the magnetization coil is several or many times larger than the cross section of the core itself. This is necessary for the closure of the energy of the magnetic field of the core inside the magnetization coil. When the load is demagnetized, the magnetization coil and the secondary winding are connected. Each core of the core should have its own secondary winding section, which covers the entire stray magnetic field of each core.

The magnetization coil can be simply inserted into the air gap of a closed (almost closed) magnetic circuit, and then one magnetization coil is already working immediately on the two ends of the core. A magnetic circuit with a gap can be rectangular or in the form of a torus, and also be simple or branched, including the bulk of three, four or more branches. A simple magnetic circuit should have a gap for the location of the magnetization coil, the cross section of which is comparable to that of the ends of the magnetic circuit. Biasing the two ends at once magnetizes the entire core in the form of a torus or in the form of a rectangular magnetic circuit. In fact, it is almost a closed core and one magnetization coil, which works directly on the two ends of this core. The magnetic circuit of the device can be simple or branched of three (from the central and two side branches), four or five branches. Most of the magnetic field of such a core in the form of a magnetic circuit with a gap is not connected inductively with the magnetization coil.

The magnetic circuit can be in the form of many segments with large gaps to separate the magnetic fields of the cores, and instead of the magnetization coil just a straight wire (or coil turns) in the window of the magnetic circuit in the form of such a diagonal core (as in current transformers). The magnetic circuit can be rectangular or in the form of a torus or rounded. A magnetizing coil in such a device can be made in the form of a straight wire (or coils of a large coil) in the center of the window of such a magnetic circuit or in the form of separate sections located along different sectors. A significant part of the magnetic field energy of the segments of this magnetic circuit due to the large gaps is closed only around each segment and is not connected with the wires and turns of the coil (coil sections) of magnetization. The magnetic stray fields of individual segments are closed both in the outer regions of space around the magnetic circuit, and in the window of this composing magnetic circuit, if the window of the magnetic circuit is sufficiently large. The window of the magnetic circuit can be specifically increased to increase the scattering of the magnetic field and the number of segments.

To increase the generation efficiency, it is also advantageous to use branched magnetic circuits (with three, four, five branches) from the segments, since with one and the same magnetization coil it is possible to magnetize several times more magnetic branches and segments from a ferromagnet.

Each such segment of the magnetic circuit must have its own section of a secondary removable coil to convert all the energy of the magnetic field of the magnetization coil. The magnetizing current is fed to the direct wire in the magnetic circuit window or in the section of the magnetization coil, and when demagnetized, the magnetic energy of the stray fields of all the segments of the cores is converted into additional electrical energy through the secondary windings. This is a relatively closed type of magnetic circuit and magnetic system. But unlike all conventional magnetic circuits in classical electrical engineering, here specially created magnetic fields of scattering around each core (segment), which are not connected inductively with turns of magnetization and do not form a common magnetic field. This is a kind of magnetic field multiplication effect due to gaps and its special separation from the magnetizing current. The cores in such a partially closed magnetic system mutually magnetize each other a little through the gaps, but the magnitude of this interaction may be different depending on the size of these gaps.

The magnetic field of the magnetizing current, the magnetic field strength of the current in the coil and as a local field and a magnetic field along the contour (the law of total current) also have a great effect on the magnetization of the segments. In devices of this type, many cores can be used at once, and mutual magnetization through gaps significantly reduces the demagnetizing factor for cores from a ferromagnet. But fundamentally in the physics of the process and in the principle of generation, there are no differences from the simplest device with a single core.

Devices can operate in the mode of a pulse flyback converter when the current in the primary circuit is interrupted by a transistor locked by a thyristor or another key such as a brush collector or a lamp. It is possible to work simply from an external special source of pulsating current and voltage. It will be a kind of DC-DC booster converter with a much more than 100% efficiency converter. Such devices can be used to boost charge recharging of batteries or capacitor banks in uninterrupted or autonomous power systems. The magnetizing coil and the secondary winding are turned on when charging in the mode and according to the booster converter circuit and work to charge the batteries or the capacitor. With the accumulation of magnetic field energy from a DC source, only the magnetization coil operates, and when demagnetized in series with the magnetization coil (and DC source), the secondary winding is turned on and energy goes to the second DC drive.

The transformation of the entire energy of the magnetic field of a ferromagnet by the secondary winding induces additional electric power, which also enters the second constant-voltage drive. In this case, one battery or capacitor (ionistor or other) is discharged, and the other is charged, but the second one is charged for more energy than the first one is discharged. The total energy of the two batteries increases, which allows you to create uninterrupted DC power sources and without any external recharging. In such devices, a DC-DC converter with an efficiency greater than 100% can recharge batteries or capacitors without an external voltage source. This allows you to create fully autonomous DC power sources for powering any electronics, home appliances, communication and navigation equipment, toys, etc. electronics and technology.

Energy conversion by the booster of the pulse converter allows you to dramatically increase the power factor when working on charging a capacitor battery or battery to overcome the voltage already created on the battery or capacitor. In this case, the primary voltage source, the magnetization coil and the secondary winding (when the key is opened) are switched on in series to charge the secondary capacitor or battery. This allows you to recharge the second DC source (batteries, capacitors) with more energy than the first one is discharged. In sum, such a system of DC voltage accumulators is never discharged and can even increase the accumulated charge. Independent or parallel operation of coils and windings for different loads or accumulators is possible according to different switching schemes.

The magnetizing coil and the secondary winding can work both sequentially for a common load according to a voltage boosting (booster) converter circuit and in parallel for different loads or for a common special capacitive voltage adder from capacitors. In a capacitive capacitor voltage adder, the individual capacitors are charged independently and in parallel, and then switched on and discharged together in series to the common load. The additional energy is generated by the secondary winding due to the conversion of the entire magnetic field of the core of their ferromagnet into additional electric power.

It is also possible to work directly from the AC or pulsed AC (rectangular from the inverter) or sinusoidal voltage, including the power frequency. During the current rise phase (and magnetization), only the magnetization coil operates, and during the current falloff phase and demagnetization, the secondary winding also operates, which is connected in series with the primary winding for a common load. Thus, switching the windings into the desired phases, you can immediately get a direct amplification of AC power of any, including power frequency. Such AC amplifiers can be used to self-excite an oscillating LC circuit and cut off current consumption from the network or simply directly amplify the power of a common network or the power of an alternator for autonomous power. The transformation of energy through the secondary winding provides additional energy to the circuit during the fall, decrease of the current and allows to obtain continuous oscillations of alternating current even under load.

During the current growth phase, only the magnetization coil is connected to the circuit, and during the current decay phase, the current drops in series with it and the secondary winding is turned on to generate additional reactive electricity of alternating current. This allows amplifying both pulsating current and alternating current of any form of voltage, including power frequency, sinusoidal alternating current, both single-phase current and three-phase current (three devices per each phase). An alternating current amplifier device can work directly directly on an alternating current and on a pulsating current of only one polarity, but even then two devices will be needed (pull-pull) for each phase of the alternating current. For a three-phase circuit will need to have six devices. A device for amplifying an alternating current can also operate with a pulsating voltage and current and be switched on according to an excitation circuit of an alternating current circuit like a three-point oscillator.

The concept of demagnetization and magnetization is conditional, since the energy in a ferromagnet is stored in the form of magnetic elastic energy of the domains of a ferromagnet. When the core is magnetized by permanent magnets, it is possible to work both on the magnetization cycle and on the magnetic reversal of magnetic induction in the opposite direction. Reversal of the core in the opposite direction doubles the almost full amplitude of the magnetic induction, which increases the useful EMF and power of the device. The magnetization of the core by permanent magnets sharply increases the magnetic total interaction of the domains of the ferromagnet with the field of magnetization of the current in both weak and strong magnetic fields. The use of magnetization reversal of the core magnetized by permanent magnets also allows you to dramatically increase the amplitude of the magnetic induction when working to increase the EMF and the total power of the device. A core with permanent magnets by the external magnetic field of the current can be magnetized, demagnetized to zero, or in general reversal can be reversed to increase the amplitude of the voltage.

It is also important to understand that there is an important effective magnetization and formally even the presence of several (and even more) turns of the magnetization coil on the core of a ferromagnet (in order to circumvent a patent, for example) do not change the essence of the magnetic process and the work of magnetization. It is only important that the overall work on the magnetization is determined by the balance of the ampere turns of the magnetization coil and the topology of the device.

Devices begin with the simplest options on one core, when the magnetization coil is adjacent to one end of the core or the coil of a larger diameter (section) partially comes to an end on the coil plane. The simplest option is one magnetizing coil, just adjacent to the end of one straight core (simple or special shape). The second option is already two coils from two sides, from two ends of the core and which work in a pair for mutual amplification, and the core is magnetized from both sides at once. This option can be viewed simply as two different two sections of one common magnetization spaced apart, but which work together on one core. The magnetization coils can either abut the ends of the core or partially enter them along the plane, but the coil must be significantly or several times larger than the cross section of the core itself. The core should not tightly adjoin the wires of the coil of magnetization of a large diameter, which is desirable, but not necessary.

And it is better when the core is closer to the axis (and parallel to it) of the magnetization coil. To reduce the magnetic coupling of the coil and the core, use either a different distance from the coil to the core or an increase in the diameter itself; the section of the magnetization coil is several times larger than the section of the core. The distance from the wires of the coil to the core is chosen so that a significant magnetic field of the core would be formed not connected with the magnetization coil. Any smooth transitions of mutual arrangement and magnetic coupling between the coil and the core (s) of a ferromagnet are possible. The number of separate parallel or successive cores (through the gaps) in the coil can be any, two, three, four or more. The degree of magnetic coupling of the coil (or its individual sections) with individual cores of the chain can be different and smoothly vary within different limits. The magnetization coil may be shorter than the core itself (whole or from segments), be approximately equal to the length or have a length greater than the length of the core.

The magnetizing coil can completely or only partially cover individual cores or part of a chain of cores separated by gaps. The magnetization coil can go along the ends of the planes (and in length) and cover only one or a part of consecutive cores separated by gaps.

The device can be in the form of a single magnetization coil, which is located between the cores in the region of the gap between them and works simultaneously on two cores. The coil relative to the diameter (several times larger in cross section than the cores themselves) may partially cover the ends of the cores along the plane. The coil does not abut tightly to the cores (preferably), and the core is located closer to the middle of the magnetization coil. The location of the coil in the region of the gaps sharply reduces the magnetic coupling with the cores and this applies to devices of any number of elements. For example, the magnetization coil is located between the ends (or covering the air gap) with two simple straight cores or cores of a special T-shaped or E-shaped form (to reduce the demagnetizing factor). The cores can be any special for more efficient magnetization and reduction of the demagnetizing factor. There can be two magnetization coils between two U-shaped cores or in the gap area, and between two E-shaped cores and three magnetizing coils.

E-shaped cores that can be part of a branched magnetic circuit.

The core itself can be either solid or composed of several segments separated by gaps. To increase the magnetic scattering, the core itself may have a non-uniform cross section and, for example, have a broadening of the cross-sectional area in the central part of the core. The cross-sectional area of the end parts adjacent to the magnetization coils may be several times smaller than the cross-sectional area of the central part of the core. In this case, the magnetic effect on the coils is reduced, and the magnetic energy of the core increases. This broadening of the cross-sectional area of the core in the central part can be both smooth and with rectangular ledges that perform the function of additional scattering. This special shape of the core (to increase magnetic scattering) is a unique part of the invention and is applicable to almost all other device variants, especially to increase the efficiency of work. In conventional electrical engineering, such core forms are not needed and are not applied in principle. Cores of a special form are a special part of the invention, as this applies to almost all variants of devices.

Also to special forms of cores can be attributed to the cores of the segments, separated by gaps for the partial separation of the magnetic fields of the core. Cores with lateral protrusions (and lining creating protrusions) also belong to the cores of a special shape and are applicable to different versions of devices. The cores can be from ferrite or laminated from sheets of transformer, electrical steel or from any other ferromagnet. Another option is one magnetizing coil (from one or several sections) which is inserted into a large gap of the magnetic circuit and works directly to magnetize the two ends of the ferromagnetic core. The size of the cross section or the diameter of the coil can be approximately equal, smaller or several times larger than the cross section of the very end of the core. The magnetization coil either adjoins the ends of the core at a certain distance or partially covers both end parts (along the plane) of the core, provided that the magnetization coil is several times wider than the core itself.

One magnetization coil works directly to magnetize two ends of one core of a ferromagnet. This type of magnetic system can also consist of any number of cores and magnetization coils between them or in the region of gaps between the cores. The magnetic system can be open or closed along the contour with an annular or rectangular magnetic circuit.

The core itself may have a non-uniform cross section and have a wider cross-sectional area in the magnetic equator region, and the ends should have a smaller cross-sectional area. This reduces the magnetic interaction with the coils, but significantly increases the effective effective cross-sectional area of the core and the magnetic scattering itself. The core may also have a wider central part, and the cross-sectional area of the end parts is several times smaller than the central part. The core can be either solid or composed of separate segments separated by gaps (for partial separation of magnetic fields) to obtain a large magnetic flux. The secondary detachable winding is located closer to the magnetic equator of the core, to the line between the magnetic poles and around which the magnetic flux of the core closes. For the core of the segments you need to have removable windings (or sections of the common winding) already on each segment separately for conversion and all the intrinsic magnetic fields of each core.

This applies in general to all dial cores from individual segments (with gaps) in all variants of devices.

Another type of magnetic system is when the cores are located directly inside the magnetization coil itself with respect to the large diameter of the magnetization coil, and the separation of the magnetic field occurs due to the closure of a large part of the magnetic field energy right inside the magnetization coil. This is achieved due to the fact that the diameter or cross section of the coil (rectangular section for example) is several or many times larger than the cross section of the core, and the length and width of the core has a certain ratio to the width of the section of the magnetization coil itself. The simplest version of the device is a device with one simple straight core made of ferrite, steel or any other ferromagnet. The core can be rounded or rectangular or of special shape with lateral protrusions on the end parts. The core can be solid or inlaid (with or without gaps) and in general any special form to increase the efficiency of magnetic scattering and magnetization. The core can also be in the form of parallel arranged packs of separate narrower cores separated by nonmagnetic gaps from a dielectric or air.

The core can also be dialed in the form of sequentially disposed cores separated by gaps for partial separation of the magnetic fields of the cores. Each such core must have its own removable winding or a separate section of the common secondary winding to convert all the magnetic energy of each core.

The core is made up in the form of a bundle of parallel cores can have its own separate removable windings on each rod. Different devices can be combined into a partially closed common magnetic circuit (with gaps) for small mutual magnetization and collaboration. The device can be, for example, in the form of a magnetic closed circuit in the form of a torus or in the form of a rectangular magnetic circuit (with gaps) from a variety of individual segments. The magnetization coil can be in the form of a generally direct wire (or coil wires) in the window of this magnetic circuit or in the form of separate coil sections spaced apart by sectors of this magnetic circuit. Most of the intrinsic magnetic fields of the segments (due to large gaps) from the ferromagnet of this magnetic circuit are in no way connected inductively to the coil (or wires) of the magnetization. This intrinsic magnetic energy of the cores is not included in the cost of magnetization, but it can be converted into electricity using secondary detachable windings on each segment.

It is such a kind of flyback converter, but with a more complex magnetic field topology.

Inside the magnetization coil there can be several such composing stacks of cores. A separate type of device is a magnetization coil, inside which there are many small or micro cores or particles of a ferromagnet separated by a dielectric. The core can be in the form of a kind of magnetic dielectric, in which small cores or microcores or generally microparticles from a ferromagnet are located (or embedded in a dielectric) inside one common magnetization coil. The degree of mutual magnetic action of such microcores can be any, as well as the gaps between them. But the gaps (dielectric) between the cores and the particles of a ferromagnet should be large enough to ensure the possibility of closing all the internal stray fields. Around each core or particle of a ferromagnet forms its own magnetic field in the nearest space zone. This internal magnetic field of cores and particles from a ferromagnet is in no way inductively connected to a common magnetization coil.

And the formation of this internal magnetic energy of the microcores does not waste energy in the external magnetization coil. But it can be transformed into additional useful electric power in the demagnetization phase through secondary windings. The magnetizing current is supplied only to the external large coil, and the magnetic energy is removed already from it and from each individual core or ferromagnetic particle. To do this, each particle or micro core of a ferromagnet must have its own secondary removable winding (or secondary winding section) that covers the entire magnetic field of each core. When demagnetized into magnetic energy, the entire magnetic energy of all the cores or particles is converted from a ferromagnet. This internal magnetic energy of all the cores can many times, many dozens and even hundreds of times greater than the energy that was spent on magnetization in the common large coil of magnetization. The device should work on the return stroke and generate additional electricity.

The device can be of different shapes of magnetization coils and different shapes of micro cores or particles of a ferromagnet. Cores and chains can be shunted by magnetic shunts through the gaps for more effective mutual amplification of the magnetization and field closures. The cores can be either special U-shaped or U-shaped around the magnetization coil, both inside and outside the coil at any angles to the plane of the coil and in any quantity. Such cores are shaped like cores with lateral projections. The special shape improves the magnetic field closure and increases the effective length and magnetization of the cores, since the longer core is magnetized better. Any forms of cores and variants of the location of the cores relative to the magnetization coil or the direct portion of the wire (s) with current are possible.

Devices of different topology of the magnetic field and the shape of the cores (and their number) are united by the fact that when magnetized in space, the magnetic energy of the field of the ferromagnet is not connected inductively with the magnetization coil. But the magnetization coil spends and only as much energy on the magnetization as it is inductively connected with the magnetization coil itself. And this means that the energy of the magnetic field of a ferromagnet not connected with the magnetization coil is already formed for nothing, without any additional costs of electricity. But it can easily be technically transformed into additional electricity (beyond costs) when demagnetized with the help of a special additional secondary removable winding on the core itself. The secondary winding covers and converts the entire energy of the magnetic field of the core into additional electrical energy in excess of the cost of magnetization. The device can have only one core, but also have several cores, tens, hundreds and more for micro cores and microparticles from a ferromagnet.

But the very principle of generation is the same in the physics of the process and in the technique of converting the energy of the magnetic field. The devices differ only in the form, topology of the entire common magnetic system and magnetic fields, as well as the number of elements themselves, the magnetization coils and the cores themselves from a ferromagnet. The shape of the cores and the material of the ferromagnet may be different or be the same in different devices. The cores may be of special shape for magnetic scattering and magnetization or of ordinary geometric shapes. In these devices there is no special magnetizing core with dense winding, and additional energy can be removed from all cores of the magnetic system.

A magnetic system of any shape and degree of complexity can be represented as an integral sum of individual elements from coils and cores. The total amount of individual coils can be represented simply as separate sections of a common magnetization coil, and the cores as a kind of common composing core of individual segments. At the same time, individual elements and coils and cores mutually additionally magnetize each other to varying degrees, and the magnitude of this interaction depends on the gaps between the cores. A decrease in the magnetic coupling of the coils and cores is achieved either by a certain distance from the ends of the core or by increasing the dimensions of the cross section of the magnetization coils themselves relative to the width of the cross section and the length of the core. This gives the greatest magnetization efficiency, but requires an increased coil size. This also increases the air (vacuum) component of the magnetic energy of the current itself, which is not associated with a ferromagnet, does not participate in magnetization, but loads the magnetization coil.

It is important that the magnetic interaction of the cores itself may not be significant, and the magnetization occurs almost exclusively from the magnetic field of the current in the wires of the magnetization coil. Chains in the form of a chain of shorter cores (separated by gaps) are located either axially coaxially in the coil or simply inside a relatively large magnetization coil, but so that a significant portion of the core fields do not encompass the wires of the magnetization coil. This, in principle, does not differ from the version with one core, but shorter cores make it possible to reduce the size of the diameter or cross-section (maybe a rectangular and other cross-sectional shape of any coil) of the magnetization coil. Also, the magnetic effect of the cores themselves (two, three or more) through the gaps allows to reduce the demagnetizing factor for short cores and increase their induction. And the principle of separation of magnetic fields allows for a greater magnetic flux and magnetic energy from a single volume and mass of the core of a ferromagnet.

Short cores can store more magnetic elastic energy than longer cores. Therefore, such type-setting cores in the form of successively located in a chain through the gaps of short cores can store more magnetic energy. But the presence of large gaps between the cores requires an increase in ampere turns in the magnetization coil to overcome the magnetic resistance. The simplest version of the device is just one core (of a certain length) located approximately coaxially or simply inside a much larger cross section of a wide magnetization coil. The core may partly enter the coil plane with the end part or not even enter the plane of the large magnetization coil itself, but the magnetic field of the coil will almost also affect the core due to its size. The magnetization coil can be short, almost flat (in the form of a coil in shape) and much shorter in height than a ferromagnetic core. The device may have many cores located on all sides around the coil and around just a straight or bent wire, wires of the magnetization coil and which form multiple magnetic circuits (with gaps) as if strung on currents.

This allows the use of all the magnetic field surrounding the magnetizing currents (and the direct current, the current of the coil and the magnetization coil), which is closed around them from all sides.

The core can also be divided into many parallel separate narrower cores separated by gaps to reduce the demagnetizing factor and increase the magnetic scattering. Each core can have its own removable secondary winding.

The method and device generation can be used to generate electricity in small devices to power the equipment and instruments and for the industrial production of electricity at any power. For high-power devices, you can use either reverse mode on a constant pulse or pulsating current on high-power lockable thyristors or generation directly on alternating current. Devices can be used to recharge batteries, batteries or capacitors and create uninterrupted power sources. For this purpose, the use of a voltage boosting voltage is optimal. booster type conversion as a series connection of the battery, the magnetization coil and the secondary winding (in reverse) to charge another battery or a block of capacitors. Conversion by so-called. the booster circuit goes on reverse, and when magnetized, only the magnetization coil is connected to the current source. There are various options for the circuits of technology and switching windings.

The magnetic field energy of ferromagnetics (not connected with the magnetization coil) through the secondary winding is converted into additional energy, which is used to charge another battery or capacitor. This allows you to recharge batteries and capacitors with increased current, voltage and charge and create a completely autonomous energy sources that do not require an external source of charging. Such converters can work when parallel winding on different batteries or through a common capacitive voltage adder (capacitor) for a total load in the end. Schemes of inclusion and transformation may be different. When charging capacitors and batteries, you can also switch capacitors as they are charged to more fully charge and reduce the peak distortion of the pulsed mode. In this case, the first capacitor should not smooth out the peak of the pulse very much and for this its capacity should not be too large, and as one capacitor charges, it switches off and another higher capacity switches on.

Such a capacitive drive already consists of several (two or three or more) capacitor accumulation stages, which are switched as they are charged in order to fully convert the falling current pulse into a charge of the drive. This allows you to use and convert into the capacitor almost all the accumulated magnetic energy. The capacitor of the first stage can have a non-zero certain initial charge to increase the equivalent resistance (and reduce, limit the first current pulse) and the effect of smoothing the pulse mode of the device. This increases the power factor of the capacitive capacitor rectifier drive and allows you to save the speed of the decay edges of magnetic induction and efficiency in a pulsed mode of operation.



WO2010117306
REVERSE TRANSFORMER WITH CONVERSION OF SECONDARY MAGNETIC LEAKAGE FIELDS (EMBODIMENTS)
[ PDF ]

The invention relates to reverse transformers configured on several ferromagnetic cores divided by an air gap. A magnetizing winding is configured on only one or a part of the cores, forming a magnetizing inductor. When a current is supplied to the magnetizing winding, the ferromagnetic core of the inductor is magnetized, as are the neighbouring cores via the air gap. The air gap is selected so that a significant part of the magnetic field of the cores is closed across the air, forming a secondary magnetic leakage field. Part of the magnetic field of all the cores is closed across the magnetic circuit via the air gap, forming a common magnetic circuit and a common magnetic flux. The magnetic leakage field of the cores is closed outside the inductor and does not play a part in the magnetic interaction of said components, nor does it form a common magnetic flux linkage with the magnetizing winding of the inductor. Thus, it does not affect the establishment of a current in the inductor winding because it does not generate emf against the current during magnetization. The windings of the secondary cores encompass the entire magnetic field thereof and serve merely to convert all the secondary magnetic leakage fluxes into electrical energy during demagnetization. This results in a more complete conversion of all the magnetic energy in the structure into electrical energy.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_LLPGbf87aU
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TT9ynJ2_6Ng ( 12 MB )
http://www.hyiq.org
Andrey Melnichenko - Ferromagnetic free energy generation

Andrey Melnichenko is responsible for ALL of the GLED devices or the Eternal Flashlight ! See:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rpbox5wgDUY
GLED 2

Comment: Leonaldo Bezerra -- The secret is: - Magnetic fields of equal poles confronted and lagged by 90 degrees. These coils that generate the fields are the primary windings and stay on the secondary windings. The secondary windings are closer to the core. The lag can be made by a capacitor in series with one of the coils or another electronic device, as well as some turns wound in the winding itself in the opposite direction.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F8c82ABs02M ( 120 MB )

Andrey Melnichenko - Ferromagnetic Free Energy Generation - up to 150% Efficient.

Free Energy, this video was removed, Domain is still registered but Website also gone. Circuit Schematics, How to, with explanation. Andrey Melnichenko, hope youre OK Mate! Notice the Dielectric Spacing between the Cores...



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5pjAPoOxwcU
Melnichenko - November_1996

An old video from Andrey Melnichenko - Ferromagnetic Free Energy Generation site, put up many years ago and long since gone.



http://www.hyiq.org/Reference/Profile?Name=Andrey%20Melnichenko
OPENING

    Open the effect of electricity generation on the basis of Faraday's electromagnetic induction. It allows through the use of ferromagnetic materials and a special magnetic field topology in the system to receive the excess energy of the magnetic field and convert it into usable electricity in unlimited amounts. Since 1831 a. Michael Faraday discovered the law of electromagnetic induction, no significant additions have been made to it. In particular, all the magnetic fields of magnetic circuits considered rigidly connected with wires like a simply connected system. For example, in the simplest case, the magnetization of ferromagnetic thought that everything is linked to the current magnetic circuit, winding magnetization. However, in the simplest case, a magnetic circuit consisting of two or three ferromagnetic volumes separated by nonmagnetic gap may occur magnetic fields do not form a flux coil magnetization is closed loop with current.

    The theory of operation of electrical current source (electricity) to create a magnetic field is determined by the energy of the magnetic field through the coils of the magnetizing coil, plus the loss in the wires and hardware. The work of the current source is determined by the formula:

    Eventually the work of the current source, the cost of electricity to create a magnetic field in the magnetic circuit is equal to the energy of the magnetic field through the coil with current. Thus, the energy of the magnetic field system, which is shorted out the turns of the magnetizing coil does not affect the setting of current in the coil and does not require for their formation cost of electricity from the power source, battery, generator, and so forth. For example, if we magnetize the iron (ferromagnetic) bar and next arrange another by separating it with a small air gap, the second bar magnet and magnetized, but apart from the total magnetic field arises around the bars of the second bar their magnetic field only closed around him and does not participate in the magnetic interaction between the two ferromagnetic volume. This magnetic field I called secondary. This field has no connection with the inductive coil magnetization in the first iron bar, and most importantly does not require on their education no electricity from the magnetization power supply. The secondary magnetic field has a certain energy which can be converted into useful energy. To do this, when demagnetization (turned off, decreases the current in the coil on the ground rod) on the second ferromagnetic volume (rod, bar) is removable special winding, which is connected to the load only when the demagnetization (not involved in the magnetization). Thus, all of the energy of the secondary magnetic field can be transformed into a series of additional useful energy.

    The amount of iron (ferromagnetic) rods in the magnetic circuit can be infinite, under certain conditions. In some ferromagnetic means magnetic interactions can be extended to infinity. For example, domains turn in magnetodielectrics, fluctuations elektromagnitikov powders of ferromagnetic material.

    In such systems, most of the energy of the magnetic field of the magnetic circuit has no direct connection with the inductive magnetizing source. There is a huge amount of magnetic circuits, where you can get a secondary magnetic field, magnetizing coil is closed. This secondary magnetic energy can be used to generate electricity. Dozens of devices for the generation of electricity on the pulse and alternating current, including directly sinusoidal current at power frequency: 50: 60Hz. It is sufficient to conventional transformer iron wires and power electronics components.

    Outdoor physical effect of energy generation, I as the author called Transgeneratsiey electricity. Effect brilliantly confirmed in a simple experiment, and has been thoroughly studied in the research on different types of ferromagnetic materials and magnetic circuits.

    Now there is the international patenting of inventions based on this effect in many countries. Patented a method of power generation and a number of devices based on this method.

    From the point of view of theoretical physics the effect of generation is possible due to the special nature of quantum ferromagentikov. The magnetic field is formed by the electron spin - magnetic moments of electrons. Unlike conventional electron currents in the wires back absolutely not responsive to the so-called zero inductive impedance (resistance). When magnetized to it only needs to exert a magnetic field, not the electric power in the coils with electric current. In magnetic systems with a secondary magnetic field arises (generated by) the additional energy of the magnetic field, which can be easily converted into additional useful energy in its purest form.

    In systems with a secondary magnetic field, there is also a secondary electric field together form a vector Poynting energy flow directed into the ferromagnetic volume from the surrounding physical continuum, rather than from the magnetization coil wires.

    Transgeneratsiya electricity can generate clean electricity from ferromagnets in unlimited quantities. Ferromagnet plays the role of the quantum of the electromagnetic pump pumping energy from the physical continuum and converts it due to the Faraday effect in electricity.



https://www.overunityresearch.com/index.php?topic=3683.0
The Work of Andrey Melnichenko 



https://www.overunityresearch.com
Andrei Melnichenko

I think it would be valuable to explore the recent work and video posts of Melnichenko.  He has about 100 videos ( 6 months ago is latest and going back 2 years) all with the same theme of an iron core surrounded with two or three copper windings, the outer loosely fitted. The scope waveforms are interesting. He seems to be driving one of the windings with a transistor operating in the audio range, and the other may contain a half wave rectified AC source. Anyone else find this interesting?

The loose fitting of the inner and outer windings allows for some motional movement of the inner winding with iron core with respect to the outer winding(s). At first glance this smacks of something like a yfree or McFrey NMR or NAR device with the 1/2 wave rectification of AC mains providing a variable B field for the core while the high audio frequency pulses the core at NMR or NAR rate.

Am I wrongly interpreting this or is Melnichenko on to something more basic, as the frequencies don't seem right for NAR?

Is this just a loosely coupled switchmode driven core with captured flyback? In other videos he stresses the loose coupling or large magnetic gap.

Any additional info on why this guy has around 100 videos all trying to communicate some basic idea would be helpful.

The translator  feature works for the videos, but we need to translate his website.

To translate: closed captions>on then setup>autotranslate>english
 
Find the videos of Andrey Melnichenko here:

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCEtqI2EhN32Mvq7Wp5G9Vpg/videos

and his website here:

https://vk.com/id285085326

Latest video:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fHhc0fAgghE

(also shows scope waveforms)

In this particular video:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9B9A-gckiw0

He has both scope probes connected and traces seem to be overlaid. One of the pulses is very sharp, the other has a large area under the decay portion.

Comments welcome and any info helpful but stay on topic please.


Looks like he published his basic circuit in a Russian magazine some time back. It seems to be a basic switchmode circuit where he absorbs the primary flyback with a lamp and may be lighting the lamp on the secondary with either the coupled flyback pulse or the forward pulse. No dots on the circuit so can't tell.

Maybe nothing new here except for the extremely loose coupling and large core gap (open ended)

He is putting in a very narrow pulse from the rectified 240V mains. Part of his method is the offsetting of the inner core, which he believes helps in some way.

At least his ampere measurement is well filtered, but I have not been able to find any rough input power measurements...

I'm going to try a sim of this circuit with a loosely coupled transformer.


Ion, This is your sim of Melnichenko's circuit with the addition of input and output power calcs.  The efficiency is quite high at 52.719/53.063 = .994.

Here are some of Melnichenco's posts on his website that are translated into English.

After reading some of these and pondering a bit on what he is saying, I would speculate that he is moving the bloch wall in the iron core using two tightly coupled windings that are offset from one another in regards to their electromagnetic center lines.  One winding would be a primary that is first conducting and then turned off and then the other winding or secondary would conduct via the collapsing field from the primary.  The centerline or bloch walls for these two windings are offset from each other and therefore would theoretically produce a moving wall.  An additional secondary placed outside this arrangement would/could be induced with the moving wall plus normal transformer induction. If this is the case, then the sim Ion posted above would have one winding with the polarity reversed.

Edit:  The winding polarities shown in the original schematic are correct.

https://www.overunityresearch.com/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=3683.0;attach=29889
Andrey Melnichenko 9 Sept.pdf (817.41 kB)
[ PDF ]

https://www.overunityresearch.com/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=3683.0;attach=29890
Andrey Melnichenko 9A Sept.pdf (823.41 kB)
[ PDF ]

https://www.overunityresearch.com/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=3683.0;attach=29891
Andrey Melnichenko 10 Sept.pdf (1065.44 kB)
[ PDF ]

https://www.overunityresearch.com/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=3683.0;attach=29892
Andrey Melnichenko 18 Aug.pdf (533.66 kB)
[ PDF ]

https://www.overunityresearch.com/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=3683.0;attach=29893
Andrey Melnichenko 19 Aug.pdf (451.83 kB)
[ PDF ]

Andrei Melnichenko seems to attracting attention of many researchers. I would like to say a few words about him.

Melnichenko is a legendary person; he can be compared in many ways to Hector from EVGRAY.
He was one of the first people who talk about FE in late 1990 on Russian state TV and demonstrate RV-like setup with one phase motor.
The setup was running a fan from little 9v battery for several hours. I think he was the first from whom I heard about FE.
According to rumors he is former military engineer and he was threatened by KGB for attracting public attention for military technology.
He got different patents how to achieve OU, but as usual never give enough info to reproduce and never showed anything really OU publicly.
Even it was almost 20 years ago nobody replicated his devices and his claims continue to disturb minds of FE researchers including me.
There is an ”urban legend” that in 1995 Melnichenko was showing a device which was lighting 60W bulb from small 9v battery.
The device was using a coil with strange construction, it looks like a dumbbell and contained metallic shield.
In that days people on forums were thinking that this is same kind of shield or shorted turn and were comparing it to Tesla patent 433702.
It was also told that Melnichenko spend significant time to adjusting/selecting this shield or gap in it.  There are two drawings (see att. 1.jpg and 2.jpg) associated with this story.

 

Many people spent considerable time and effort trying replicate Melnichenko's devices without success.



PDFs from http://www.hyiq.org

http://www.hyiq.org/Reference/Profile?Name=Andrey%20Melnichenko
The Inventions of Andrei Melnichenko  [ PDF ]

http://www.hyiq.org/Downloads/Melnichenko/%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B4%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%81%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B5%20%D0%B7%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%8F%D0%B4%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B5.pdf

Capacitor Charger  [ PDF ]

http://www.hyiq.org/Downloads/Melnichenko/disc_ru.pdf
Disc-ru  [ PDF ]

http://www.hyiq.org/Downloads/Melnichenko/Doc1.pdf
Doc1  [ PDF ]

http://www.hyiq.org/Downloads/Melnichenko/M.08.O.pdf
M.08.O  [ PDF ]
 
http://www.hyiq.org/Downloads/Melnichenko/issl.pdf
Issl.pdf  [ PDF ]

http://www.hyiq.org/Downloads/Melnichenko/Doc9.pdf
Doc9  [ PDF ]

http://www.hyiq.org/Downloads/Melnichenko/Doc11.pdf
Doc11 [ PDF ]