Crichton MILLER

Celtic Cross Theodolite / Traveller / Sextant

The Wheel Cross allows the navigation of the planet without a time piece, the discovery of Natures mathematics and the construction of ancient sacred buildings using astrology...

The Golden Thread of Time


Crichton E M Miller.

ISBN 0-6541639-0-7

The author Crichton E M Miller traces the wheel cross existence from Palaeolithic and Neolithic hunter gatherers to stone age seafarers and megalith builders who used this instrument in combination with zodiacs, henge's, pyramids and water clocks. Drawing on scientific, historical and archaeological information with appendices from leading scientists and researchers, the book traces the tragic occult history of the real cross from the burning of Alexandria through to its rediscovery 500 years later by the Knights Templars , resulting in excommunication from the Roman Catholic Church and eventual torture and destruction of the leaders

The work goes on to reveal the meaning of the heretical carvings used by the Freemasons who constructed the Mediaeval Cathedrals and churches such as Roslyn Chapel under the noses of the Inquisition.

This work reveals the remarkable qualities and capabilities of the wheel cross and Egyptian Cross which is still in the Great Pyramid of Khufu as well as its use to find longitude without a watch long before Harrison's Chronometer. The work is illustrated, referenced and includes all patent drawings to allow the reader to experiment and research with one of the most secret and forbidden historical and spiritual artefacts  to be discovered in modern times.

This is not another novel for the masses such as The Da Vinci Code, it is the real thing by the only man in the world that owns the patented rights to the working wheel cross and the answer to the mysteries of antiquity.

A hand held Celtic Working Cross

Weighted so that the bottom of the wheel always points to the earths centre, the observer can always measure any angle, from the slope of a hill to the declination of a star.

In this case, the observer is measuring the angle of the rising sun whose angle of ascent can be read directly through the viewing hole in the cross arm.

To measure the angles of the topography is just as simple.

So is sighting along the cross arm and directly reading latitude from a pole star.

Turning the cross on its side allows the observer to triangulate any observation mark.

It is truly a wonderful and unique spherical measuring instrument.

It should be, for it created the Zodiacs and was the instrument of the Wise

Longitude BC


Crichton E M Miller

 The author has proved beyond reasonable doubt that Ancient mariners could determine longitude by the application of simple geometry[1] without the use of a time piece by utilise the retrograde action of the moon against the fixed stars.

Modern longitude was solved by Harrison with his invention of a sea going chronometer in the 18th Century followed by the invention of the sextant after a prize of 10,000 was set up by the British Government. Since that discovery there has been no commercial, political or academic reason to investigate other methods.

For prehistoric navigators to achieve longitude by the moon required knowledge of mathematical principles found in Nature and the application of imagination and ingenuity to invent and use rudimentary tools assembled from simple sticks and stones.

The difficulty is determining which principle came first in the historical chain of events and discoveries


The first principle is to create a zodiac[3] of memorable constellations on the Ecliptic plane using animism[4] and simulacra.

The second principle is to create a second zodiac of the circumpolar stars.

Writing and recording

The third principle is to create linear symbols to record an almanac[5]

An Instrument

The fourth principle is to create a simple instrument of  a scale and a plumbline that can take sidereal observations.

A Prime Meridian

5. The establishment of a prime meridian where watchers or astronomer/astrologers create an almanac showing the positions of the moon at midnight at that meridian using Draconis and the Ecliptic pole against the celestial pole to determine their local midnight. See this link. Star clock

6. By using the position of the Serpent constellation Draconis to determine local midnight the navigator can establish their local time and if they are east or west of that meridian can interpolate the angular difference between the moon and the predicted decan or planet in degrees and arc minutes translating the difference into distance on the earths surface.

The Method

The only way to navigate by the moon is to work out the angular differential from a star over time and motion with the help of an almanac reference.

This requires tracking the moon along the ecliptic and using certain stars in known constellations that the Egyptians called a decan of which there were 36 in one complete Zodiac to make up 360 degrees.

But that knowledge is insufficient on its own, there is a crucial requirement, an instrument of sufficient accuracy.

The moon tracks over the earth at 720 nautical miles per hour and moves against the zodiac (a great circle) 30 arc minutes in 60 minutes of time during which the position of the observer has spun through 900 nautical miles on a great circle.

To find a longitude position by measuring the angular difference requires an accuracy of observation of at least 1 arc minute to achieve a longitude accuracy of 15 nautical miles at the equator reducing in proportion by latitude.

An instrument capable of sidereal measurement to1 arc minute would result in an accuracy of 7.5 nautical miles at 45N.

The instrument required is known as the Christian Cross with a plumbline bisecting the cross bar divided into an exponential scale, see this link Sophia for a full explanation.

A Sextant, octant(18th Century) or quadrant (Greek) can potentially achieve that if the latter has a vernier, but they are designed to mostly take vertical measurements and not the required horizontal ones. See this link Instrument history.

Crichton E M Miller solved this problem in 1997 with the discovery of the cross and plumbline and patented the instrument in 2000 and wrote the book The Golden Thread of Time published in 2001.

Surveying Navigation and Astronomy Instrument

Classification: - international: G01C9/06; G01C9/12; G01C21/02; G01C9/00; G01C21/02; (IPC1-7): G01C1/00; G01C9/12; G01C15/00; G01C21/00 --- European: G01C9/06; G01C9/12; G01C21/02
Also published as: GB2344654 (A)

Abstract --- An instrument in the form of a cross with an attached scale C of degrees and centrally fixed, weighted plumb line or bar F that acts as an indicator.The cross piece B acts as a sight and the lower part of the perpendicular upright A acts as a fulcrum.Where the upper part of the perpendicular upright acts as a further sight line for observing angles horizontally. Used for construction projects, navigation, astronomy and art.


This invention relates to devices known as a Traveler, Theodolite and sextant for finding levels and angles in topography, construction, latitude, star and planetary body positions.

A traveler is used in pipe laying for the finding of levels and is a T-shaped device with a plumb line centered in the cross piece, which when the plumb line hands at right angles to the cross piece this indicates a level gradient.

Theodolites are used to measure the angles of gradients with the use of mirrors and a scale measured in degrees and are combined with a sighting pole graded to indicate heights.

Sextants are similar in design to the theodolite and are used to measure the angles of planetary bodies and star positions in combination with a published almanac to find latitude and longitude for the purpose of navigation.

Both the Sextant and Theodolite are expensive items requiring specialist training and operation.

A specific embodiment of the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings in which :---

According to the present invention there is provided (see Figures 1 and 2)

A. A vertical upright bar to which is attached

B. A cross piece functioning as a sighting device at right angles to the upright.
The lower part of the upright must act as a fulcrum and be free for adjustment.
The fulcrum may be mounted on an adjustable tripod, hand-held or freestanding

C. Joining the upright and the cross piece is added a scale plate which may encompass 360 degrees or any part thereof.

D. At the center of the cross piece is fixed a nut or bearing.

E. Fixed to the nut or bearing is a plumb line or bar.

F. Attached to the end of the line or bar is a bob or weight which clears the scale plate.

G. Fixed to the scale plate is a scale measuring degrees, minutes and second of arc. This scale is reversible for separate applications. (Accuracy is dependent on the overall size of the device).

Figure 1 shows a plan view of the device.

Figure 2 shows a sectional view with component parts

Figure 3 shows the finding of elevations and gradients.

Figure 4 shows the finding of levels.

Figure 5 shows the finding of gradients at right angles to the observer.

Figure 6 shows the finding of latitude in navigation.

Figure 7 shows the finding of longitude for navigation by measuring the movement of lunar, solar and planetary bodies against the background of the ecliptic.

Figure 7 shows the finding of longitude for navigation by measuring the movement of lunar, solar and planetary bodies against the background of the ecliptic.

Astronomers may also measure the daily and seasonal variations of the ecliptic with the device.

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