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Willet PARRY

ElectroCulture








US Patent # 2,308,204

Means for Affecting Plant Life Processes

This invention relates to a method of and apparatus for activation or suppression of biological processes, especialy those processes substantially affected by high frequency electric fields.

This method provides for practical treatment of substantial quantitites of stock by industrial concerns so efficiently that the benefits of such treatment are available to effect substantial industrial economy. For example, it is advantageous to treat seed bean stock having an untreated germination factor of from 2 to 4 % and render that stock 40% germinative. In like manner the method is effective in the activation or deactivation of fruits to accelerate or retard their life processes, and to delay the advance of their maturation, as well as to otherwise control plant life through promotion of plant health as by devitalization of parasitic, fungus, and insect pests.

Industrial application of high frequency treatment requires the expensiture of large amounts of energy and equipment capacity not heretofore available.

In accordance with the principles of my invention the materials to be treated are subjected to variable high voltage and high frequency electric fields, being passed therethrough for a period of time dependent upon empirical determination of effectiveness. The requisite energy capacity for industrial application is made available between two electrodes, or electrically conductive plates, the dimensions of which are so calculated with respect to the frequency of the electric field required that these two electrodes have resonant characteristics, that is to say, a maximum proportion of available energy is available for activation of the material between the plates.

The frequency of the energy pulses supplied to the plates is preferably maintained by an electric oscillating circuit, an oscillator being so related to the electrodes that the voltage of the energy passing to the electrodes is varied in accordance with the oscillator energy wave, in such fashion that it is impractical to permit its flow in ordinary oscillating circuits such as heretofore been employed.

In the drawing:



Figure 1 is a circuit diagram, partially fragmentarily elevational, of the apparatus;

Figure 2 is a fragmentary plan;

Figure 3 is a voltage stress diagram.

The materials m to be treated are carried by an endless belt 2, one each of which passes through an electric field produced by an oscillating voltage difference existing between a pair of conducting plates 4 and 6 to the adjacent ends 8 and 10 of each of which are attached a figh frequency electric energy supply, here comprising the plates P of power vacuum tubes 12 and 14. The filaments of these tubes are attached to the negative terminals of a power supply 16, the positive bus 13 of which supply is electrically conected to the remote ends 20 and 22 of plates 4 and 6 as by a slide contractor 24.

The distance between the points A and B in meters is calculated as 300,000,000 divided by 4 times the frequency in cycles per second, or one-quarter wave length of the frequency to be used. Accordingly, if the frequency required for a particular processing is 15 MHz, the distance AB is 5 meters. As the frequency increases, AB becomes shorter and the slider 24 may be adjusted for this requirement, or plates of different lengths may be provided, integrated therewith at 20 and 22, for each frequency required.

The energy passing to the plates 4 and 6 is controlled by the oscillator circuit grids G which form the termini of the variable oscillator circuit O, and which receives its energy from the direct current source 16-18.

A variable capacitor VC adjusts the oscillator frequency and voltage thereof is applied on the grids G, which, in turn, influence the flow of current from the filaments F to the plates 4 and 6 so that the natural or resonant frequency of the oscillator circuit is exactly equal to the resonant frequency of the lines 4 and 6.

If a larger capacity is desired the widths of the plates 4 and 6 may be increased and the speed of travel of the belt 2 may be enlarged in accordance with the demand for additional capacity.

As illustrated, the field is created by a resonant line, short circuited at its remote end. Other resonant lines and oscillating circuits may be employed, with a generally like effect, but that described is preferable.

As illustrated, employing the paltes 4 and 6 alone, and moving the stock m transversely to the length AB, it is evident that the voltage stress varies from A to B, being at all times a maximum at A and zero at B, and distributed according to the nature of the imposed sine wave from A to B. Accordingly, diverse portions of the material along the belt from A to B are subjected to different voltage gradients and this fact must be taken into account. If voltages between the limits are satisfactory, the position of the material on the belt may be specified for this exigency.

If uniform treatment is desired, the material may be moved in the direction AB or BA, so that all of it passes through the same section across the line AB.

Treatment between certain voltage limits is often satisfactory and in such instances the arrangement employing an additional set of plates 4'-6' which are shorted at B' and have input terminals at A', in opposed relation to AB, is useful. The material at the midpoint is subjected to the least stress, which would be the maximum available for any constant condition, while the maximum voltage would be available between the ends of the plate pairs respectively.

Instead of using the belt 2, the plates 4 and 6 may be juxtaposed in vertical planes, as imaginable in connection with Figure 2, and so proportioned with respect to velocity of free fall, or restrained fall, of material in process therebetween, that the required length of treatment is obtained.

It has been pointed out that large quantities of energy may be usefully expended incident to the resonant condition between plates 4 and 6 without, however, dissipating excessive quantities of waste energy due to resistance and electromagnetic losses. This is made possible by the resonant characteristics of the plates, their large size in respect of the material to be treated, and their size in comparison with the wavelength...




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