Etheric Wave Accumulator
Perrigo's invention eventually was exposed as an apparent fraud, at least in part, but there is still some valid question whether it might have actually worked as claimed. The storage batteries that were found hidden in the demonstration car might have served a legitimate purpose (i.e., a buffer system, as in many other devices), but apparently didn't. It is certain, however, that Perrigo had something unique; his device lit bulbs with a clearer light than normal electricity (Like E.V. Gray & Moray), and the power could be transmitted over fine wires without meltdown. While the automobile demonstration was dubious, he also demonstrated a handheld unit that obviously worked as claimed. Perrigo also demonstrated the device before a federal judge and patent commissioners in the House of Representatives in 1917. Would he have dared to fake such a presentation? Only an attempt to replicate the device based on his patent application will resolve the question. Here are all the newpaper factoids I have been able to accumulate (Thanks especially to the Kansas City Public Library "Vertical Files").
Excerpt from unidentified reference (probably by Dan Davis):
In 1926, Harry E. Perrigo claimed to have discovered a method to tap the energy from atmospherics. He even had a car which he converted to run on electricity that was generated in his "etheric wave accumulator". He applied for a patent December 31, 1925, with serial number 78,715 being assigned. Perrigo's patent application is considered a classic in patent law and is listed under the classification of "Perpetual Motion Machines & Other Impossible Inventions".
Despite the patent Office's attitude toward Perrigo's invention, there were a number of reputable people who claimed to have witnessed his device in action producing useable electric power.
The existence of electromagnetic radiation, the modern term, or electric waves in the ether as it used to be called was known by Hertz, a research scientist who discovered the photoelectric effect in 1887. Atmospherics, an electrical disturbance in the atmosphere, were known to produce noises in the early radio telegraph stations, some being strong enough to drown out the received signal. Perrigo deduced that here was a possible source of electrical power. All that was needed was a method of transforming the existing radiation into useable energy. He claimed to have developed a mechanism to intercept and collect from the "general ether field electric wave energy", and to transform it into useable electromotive force.
The basic method he used was an antenna arrangement which collected and resisted the incoming energy and raised it to a high enough current level where it could be run through a special electrical transformer to further intensify the available power.
Perrigo's antenna was derived from his experiments with various wire shapes, sizes and arrangements. One of his more successful attempts was to partially pound 100 roofing nails into a board 10 x 10 array and wrap very fine wire around each nail, making it a small electromagnet. Then by trial and error approach he connected the ends of the electromagnets to other nails in such a way that there was a maximum voltage between the wire and the nail. His patent application mirrored this electrical connection scheme in a more refined electromechanical approach.
Two accumulator plates were made with 100 round protruding knobs in a 10 x 10 square array. The accumulator plates were then sandwiched together with an insulator material between them. The insulator had 100 holes matching the protrusions on the plates. Placed in each hole was a special coil wrapped around a bundle of wires. Once the accumulator plates were sandwiched, a measurable electrical voltage existed between points AA and BB on plates 1 and 2, respectively. A very complicated transformer was attached to these two points. The plates were set on top of the transformer and Perrigo claimed this arrangement enhanced the energy accumulation process.
I have no idea of what materials the plate or protrusions were made. The patent drawing would lead one to believe they are the same material. It could be a metal [lead has been mentioned, or galena] or a non-conductor such as wood or a combination. The protrusions were connected by the same wiring scheme previously mentioned for the roofing nail model. The connections were different for the two plates.
Electricity As Free As Air Is Inventor's Aim
Kansas City Star (February 29, 1916) ~
[ No Title Available ]
It would be a dull night in the 2500 block on Park Avenue when the emergency ambulance didn't dash up with a pulmotor and revive Harry E. Perrigo, who lives at 2511.
Mr. Perrigo is an electrical engineer 8 hours of the day and an inventor the other 16. he has invented a device for collecting electrical energy from the atmosphere. Without dynamo, transformer, generator or aught else, he is enticing a constant current of 1500 volts down an aerial resembling a wireless mast, it is claimed. Anyway, he is lighting an 8-room house without visible means of support on the part of the Kansas City Electric Light Company.
Last Friday night while tinkering with the apparatus, Perrigo was made unconscious by an electrical shock. He was revived by his family and returned to his work. An hour later he again got in the way of the maverick voltage and this time it required the emergency ambulance and a pulmotor to revive him.
Last night about 11 o'clock the "2511 Park Avenue" call again reached the emergency hospital.
"Bring the pulmotor, boys", shouted Dr James I. Tyree. Perrigo was revived with a few minutes work. He had been tinkering again.
Kansas City Post (March 4, 1916) ~
"Electricity From The Air"
Benjamin Franklin stood in the rain nearly 200 years ago with a string of a flying kite in his hand. Franklin discovered that electricity was in the air.
Harry E. Perrigo, by night and by day, stands in the little workshop behind his home at 2511 Park Avenue and imprisons electricity. Franklin did not know what to do with his wonderful discovery. He did not realize how wonderful it was. But Perrigo lives in an age when electricity has been made to work and he knows what to do with the energy he takes from the very atmosphere itself.
Perrigo has caught the wild voltage in the air: has caught and tamed it. He keeps it in a little box for everybody to use in lighting houses, or running automobiles or machines or street cars, heating homes, cooking or primping with electric curling irons.
Invention Ready For General Use ~
Just what is in that little box is a mystery. It is kept sealed, air tight, but no wires communicate with it from without.
Perrigo has perfected the invention enough, he says, that it is ready for general use.
"All that would be necessary for one to obtain electricity for domestic purposes", he explained, "is to install this little box where the customary electric meter is placed at home. Connect the wires in the house with the box on either side and there you will have it.
"You can get any amount of electrical voltage you desire by using the required kind of transformer. You could get enough voltage from the air through that box to light any reasonable number of electrical lamps -- say a hundred or more -- and the current costs nothing. It is as free as the air from which it comes.
Success Crowns His Efforts ~
It would take an expert electrician to tell just how Perrigo tames the electric currents from the air, and then it probably would not be told in language which could be understood by the ordinary individual.
Perrigo, more than a year ago, concluded through experiments that there is free electricity in the air. For months he spent his waking hours in work and study until one night success crowned his efforts.
He caught the energizing element. But he caught it with his bare hands, and paid the penalty by being rendered unconscious from the shock. Since then Perrigo has devoted all his time to improving his discovery and to make it an item in the industrial and home lives of the universe.
His experiments have been attended by constant danger. Frequently he receives the full force of the heavy voltage he is attempting to control. He has made his more delicate tests recently only in the presence of physicians. Not infrequently has the pulmotor been brought into use in order to save his life. But Perrigo always goes back to his work.
Has Implicit Faith In Device ~
Some day, Perrigo says, that little box of his is going to revolutionize the production of energy for transportation as well as for domestic use. When he tells of his faith in the device it is not hard to believe that his success is probable.
Perrigo has bright red hair and his every movement is characterized by some seemingly hidden force, as though the electricity with which he works and plays has become a part of him. All his working life Perrigo has been an electrician and has been accustomed to handling high voltages.
And Mrs. Perrigo, enthusiastic and balancing, is largely responsible for her husband’s success. It is from her that the hard, everyday practical suggestions come while her husband sits among his coils and transformers and testing boards, dreaming out some new phase of the work. Mrs. Perrigo suffers too.
Some days she fears, the pulmotors may not prevail. Some day the monster with which her husband wrestles may overcome him. That’s why every time Perrigo goes into his workshop, he hears the warning:
"Harry, be careful. Use switches instead of your hands."
But Perrigo, absorbed in his work, often forgets, and then -- a blue flame in his hands, a splutter and a pop and the inventor gets a shock that sometimes makes him unconscious.
But the little box is there. He has done what he determined to do. He has caught electricity from the air. Others, of course, have generated it, but Perrigo takes only that which nature has made.
Congressional Record (House), December 15, 1917, p. 357-372 (Excerpts, pp. 358, 363) ~
[Note ~ Perrigo demonstrated his device in Congress on December 14, 1917. He was mentioned during a discussion ofHouse Joint Resolution 174 concerning the so-called "Garabed" invention of Garabed T. K. Giragossian, which was claimed to be a free energy generator. Giragossian wanted Congress to grant him exclusive rights beyond those granted by Patent Law. His invention later was proved to be impossible, based on erroneous interpretation of gyroscope physics. Perrigo demonstrated his device to show that there are other ways to attain "free energy".]
Mr Garrett: The purpose of the resolution, which by direction of the Committee on Rules I have called up, is to provide for the consideration, under the general rules of practice of the House, of House joint resolution 174, Calendar No. 77, entitled "Joint Resolution for the purpose of promoting efficiency, for the utilization of the resources and industries of the United States, for lessening the expenses of the war, and restoring the loss caused by the war by providing for the employment of a discovery or invention called the 'Garabed', claiming to make possible the utilization of free energy"...
Mr Borland: A hearing was had yesterday morning on an invention by a man named Perigo [sic], who claims to have invented a machine to collect electricity by free energy; that is, to collect it from the energy of the air. In other words, his invention is based on the idea, as I gather it, that electricity can be collected from the air, where it must be collected, by some other means than by the force of a dynamo.
Now, if this is true --- and I am not enough of a scientist to know --- there may be many devices that are patentable for doing that particular thing, or applying that particular principle. If Mr Giragossian has a device for utilizing free energy, his device or machine or appliance is patentable, but the principle of free energy evidently is not patentable under the existing law. Anybody else who produces a better machine for utilizing free energy is just as well entitled to use it for the benefit of mankind as the man who first obtains the patent on it. In other words, we cannot foreclose that principle.
Now, we have got a machine here in the Capitol --- I undrstand from Judge Romjue a few minutes ago that the machine which Mr Perigo had demonstrated before the Patent Committee had been brought over here. It was shown to the Patent Committee. It is in a small box. I have seen it. I would not know anything about it. It runs a dynamo or motor, and it lights certain lights. In other words, there is some power in that box. What that power consists of I have no means of knowing. The inventor says it contains free energy. In other words, this device has been brought to a state of completion. It is in actual working order.
Now, it does seem to me that this bill ought not to be passed at all unless it provides that this committee of scientists shall not only have the power but it shall be charged with the duty of ascertaining whether or not this device of Mr Giragossian utilizes the same principle of free energy..
Kansas City Star (January 15, 1922) ~
"Mr. Perrigo's Own Conception of What His Invention Means to the Future"
The steam engine will be abolished from industry. Trains and trolley cars will be operated by free energy.
Aviators will be able to circle the earth without coming to the ground for fuel.
The maximum speed of ocean-going ships will be increased from about 23 knots an hour to more than 100, by the conservation of the space and tonnage now used by mammoth boilers and coal bunkers. Manila will be nearer to Kansas City than San Francisco is today. The trip from London to Boston will be made in 30 hours. Asiatic fruits will reach New York fresher than California fruits arrive now.
Aluminum, produced cheaply and abundantly by free electricity, will replace wood and steel in the manufacture of ships, buildings, cars and furniture. The world will be benefited by the preservation of forests, and great fire disasters will end.
The expense of motive power in transportation, travel, and communication will be eliminated.
The present system of agriculture will be changed materially. Every farmer will have abundant power. Underground streams can be reached and ever-pouring water will be available in all regions. Millions of arid and deserted acres will be transformed into productive fields.
Nitrogen for fertilizer will be extracted electrically from the air.
Hours of labor will be reduced while industry and production increases.
Kansas City Star (January 15, 1922) ~
[ No Title Available ]
Imagine: without gasoline, or other fuel, without storage batteries or generator, a motor car holding its place in the flow of traffic on a busy Kansas City street.
Imagine: over Kansas City, 1,000, 5,000, 12,000 feet from the ground, an airplane soaring. Without a drop of gasoline or petrol on board, without storage batteries, without generator, without even an engine, it loops and dives and flies away.
Imagine: In your little cottage or apartment, your big house, electric lights burning steadily. Imagine your wife in the kitchen, getting dinner. Imagine you see her turn a snap switch beside the oven door and put her potatoes in to bake. Yet you know that the power wires going into the cottage apartment or house are cut off at the meter and are "dead".
Imagine: there will be no electricity and gas bill at the end of the month.
Imagine the motor car, the airplane, the house lights and oven, powered and lighted and heated by electricity --- electricity from a little wooden case 14 inches square and weighing less than 90 pounds.
Is it past all imagining? Are you a skeptic and do you point to the way the entire country has been fluttered in the past by announcements of fuel made from ashes and gasoline from water, and nothing has come from it? You may be right to be a skeptic. But the years Harry E. Perrigo, 3000 Michigan Avenue, has spent inventing and perfecting the little machine in the wooden case entitle him to the attention of the public, especially his neighbors in Kansas City.
The dream outlined above will be true within a year, Mr Perrigo declares. It will be realized by his invention, he says, a device he calls the Perrigo.
Mr Perrigo is an electrical engineer, educated in the Massachusets Institute of Technology. More than 10 years ago, while working in a power plant in Pee Dee, SC, he touched a wire, "dead" so far as any connection with any source of power was concerned, and found it charged with electricity. His idea came then.
If a wire, suspended in air, gathered atmospheric electricity, why couldn't that electricity be accumulated, condensed and converted into power?
Telling his own story, Mr Perrigo said he kept the idea in mind constantly, thinking out devices, drawing sketches. He explained it to Mrs Perrigo, and talked over plans with her. She was enthusiastic, as any good wife would be, without any definite idea of what it was all about.
The Building of the First Machine ~
Then one night, early in 1915, came the inspiration to act. Mr Perrigo lived at 2511 Park Avenue at the time. Stores and shops were closed, but with two or three strands of copper wire from the basement, with two embroidery hoops from Mrs Perrigo's work basket, with a leaf from the dining room table, with the bread box from the pantry, with a sheet, torn into strips, with shingle nails and paraffin, Mr Perrigo, with Mrs Perrigo's aid, made his first "free energy" device. And it worked.
Before noon the next day, he said, electric lights were burning and a small electric motor was running from the power developed in the crude tangle of wires on the Perrigo dining room table.
The neighbors came in to see. Among them was Dr Bert McDowell, a dentist with offices at 4301 Main St.
"I couldn't believe my eyes", Dr McDowell said the other day. "I had to be convinced, because the thing was there in plain sight and I knew Harry wasn't getting his power from outside, because his house was not even wired for electricity. He used gas for lights."
"Yes", Mr Perrigo put in, "I was so fascinated with the thing I had made that I kept that little motor running constantly for two weeks. It buzzed and hummed and rattled frightfully, and gave my wife a headache, but she didn't complain, and I kept it going."
Handicaps Were Many ~
Mr Perrigo's story from that point on is one of five years of patient, unending work to perfect the Perrigo. It is one of long days and nights of toil, of sickness, failures, lack of money, the hooting of unbelievers, organized opposition, the hearty cooperation of a real helpmate.
The Perrigo basement is piled high with coils and plates of many sizes and shapes, steps in the evolution of the present compact design, which, Mr Perrigo says, with the patents virtually proved, is ready for manufacture on a commercial basis.
From the pile, Mr Perrigo dug out the other day a board, 12 inches square, an inch thick, both faces covered with shingle nails, set a half inch apart, each extending an inch out of the board.
Each nail was wound tightly with silky fine copper wire, smooth spirals one atop another. The wires led from one nail to another, some from top to base, some from top to top, some from base to base, each wire soldered carefully in place.
"Mrs Perrigo did all that for me", Mr Perrigo said. "She worked until long after midnight many nights. The job took weeks to complete. Then the thing wouldn't work. It's just one of a lot of experiments we put time and money into, only to find it was not the right thing."
From his first crude machine, Mr Perrigo, in his search for perfection, evolved may different types. At first he worked on the idea of an aerial to gather energy. A workshop he fitted up was strung with a network of wires. The wall was driven full of nails wound with copper wire.
"The machines I made out there did the work", Mr Perrigo said, "but they were bulky and bunglesome and got out of order easily.
"Other things than getting rid of bulk bothered me, too. My early machines were affected by passing air currents. Power would increase when I fanned the machine or when a person walked past it, and decrease when the atmosphere was calm.
"The machine I have now gives a steady flow of current, whether in the basement, 14,000 feet in the air, in a motor car or on a fast moving train. The copper pegs in the wooden block do that."
The Completed Machine ~
The Perrigo consists of only four parts: two lead plates, a wooden block and a coil of copper wire. The coil that Mr Perrigo says will deliver 500 horsepower is 10 inches across, 4 inches high, of solid copper. Fine copper wire is wound smoothly about neat rows of copper stays, hardly larger than a toothpick, but longer, as long as the coil is high. The wire is connected in many devious ways. In those connections is the secret of the mysterious power.
The lead plates for this size Perrigo are a foot square. On each plate are 100 spring coils of copper wire, spaced in rows, an inch apart. The plates appear identical, but are different in the way the connections of hair-like copper wire run from one coil to another.
The wooden block is a foot square, also, and an inch thick. One hundred copper plugs run through the block, spaced just as the coils on the lead plates are spaced. Each plug is a bundle of copper stays, making a contact.
That is all there is to the Perrigo, so far as anyone can see. Complete, the 500 horsepower size weighs 87 and one-half pounds. There are no moving parts.
A Perrigo to operate an ordinary size motor car need be no larger than a 1-pound coffee can", Mr Perrigo said. "A size to provide all the current needed to heat and light a 5-room house will go into the can. The different sizes can be made to furnish any desired voltage, and either direct or alternating current, by a slight change in the wiring."
The Inventor Explains It ~
Trying to avoid technical terms, difficult business for an engineer, Mr Perrigo explained his invention this way:
"The device is a generator as truly as the power-driven rotary generator in any power plant. Those generators don't actually 'make' electricity. They condense it from the air. So does the Perrigo. But it does it through the system of wiring, rather than revolutions through a magnetic field. I get my starting point from the air by breaking up the ether waves. The coils on the lead plates do that. I know why they do. It's the way they are connected, one from the other. That's my secret.
"They do break up the ether waves, gathering electricity and conducting it into the big coil underneath. That's the generator. Its size and the way it is wired determines the voltage, the horsepower. Outgoing wires from this coil take the 'juice' where you want it and it is there when you want it."
Mr Perrigo has great plans for his electric 'chore boy' and great faith in it.
"It will replace every other source of power, light and heat", he predicts. "It means the doom of the steam engine, the end to coal mining, to the cutting of timber for fuel. It means petroleum will be used only for lubrication. It means smokeless, sootless cities. It means chimneys will disappear from housetops. It means cheap power for the farmer, the reclamation of much country that cannot be irrigated now because power is not available."
What Other Persons Think ~
Mr Perrigo is able to impart his faith to others, too. The enthusiasm of persons who have seen the device work is second only to that of Mr Perrigo himself.
S.W. Fries, an electrical engineer, and district sales manager here for the Economy Fuse and Manufacturing Company, saw the Perrigo first about three months ago.
"When I heard about the machine through Dr McDowell, I told him it couldn't be done", Mr Fries said the other day. "I've been converted. I don't know how it works, but it does. Its possibilities are too big to grasp. Its use will mean a new age in industry. I believe Mr Perrigo will be the most widely known inventor in the world as soon as his device comes into general use, and he will become one of the world's most wealthy men, just from returns which already seem assured."
"Mr Perrigo gets enough electricity from somewhere to knock him unconscious", Dr O.W. Butler (3700 Benton Blvd) pointed out. "I've been called to his house many times in the last four years to revive him, and once I carried him out of his basement. He has worked at his experiments as long as four days and nights without sleep --- worked until his health is broken and his constitution is a bundle of jagged nerves."
"How are you going to manufacture your machine and get it on the market?" Mr Perrigo was asked when he asserted there was no stock for sale and he was seeking no financial aid.
"Responsible backers are furnishing all the money I need for experiments, models for the patent office and other work I'm doing now", he answered.
"As soon as one final amendment to my patent application is approved I'll be ready to permit motor car manufacturers to make the Perrigo in their own plants, charging them a small royalty on each machine. They will be eager for it when they see what it is. This will provide funds enough in a short time for my associates and myself to being to manufacture the machines for home use.
"We don't expect to sell the Perrigo. We will lease them on the same plan the telephone companies use for their machines, charging a monthly rent, probably about $3 for a 5-room cottage size. That's cheap enough, isn't it, for all heat and light and power?
"I've always said I never would sell out to any big corporation. My invention is for the benefit of the poor amn. Even on that basis I'll get more money out of it than I can ever use."
The Householder's Point of View ~
Mr Perrigo explained that it will not be necessary for the householder who desires the Perrigo installed to buy an expensive electric furnace, electric range or any special equipment.
"A gas range can be wired through the pipes which now carry gas", he said. "It will be necessary only to replace the gas burners with electric heating plates and install snap switches where the gas valves are now. A furnace can be fitted in the same way, by removing the grate. No change will be necessary with the lights. The new machine will be installed where the meter is now. That's all."
"When one man has a machine, won't it be possible for his neighbors to come in, see how it works, and manufacture their own?" Mr Perrigo was asked.
"No", he answered, "Each one will be sealed, just as the electric meter is sealed. To break the seal will put it out of order and the subscriber will have to call for a 'trouble' man. Anyway, if a man would take one apart he couldn't put it back together again without my drawings and blueprints. That's my secret and I'll keep it."
A Demonstration ~
When a visitor expressed a desire to see a machine actually produce light or power or heat, Mr Perrigo acquiesced. He went to the basement and returned almost immediately, bearing a boxlike affair, mounted on a little platform. A small electric motor, light sockets and switches were on the platform. The top of the box was glass. Through it Mr Perrigo pointed out parts of the machine inside.
Mr Perrigo fastened the loose ends of two wires that extended from the box to the connection posts of the motor and pushed a switch button. The motor started at once. The inventor said he had not changed the machine or even opened the box, which was closed with screws since he made it five years ago.
Kansas City Star (March 27, 1922) ~
"Can't Use His Invention"
Patent Laws Prevent Demonstration, H.E. Perrigo Tells Inquirer ~
Miami, OK --- To The Star: "In your paper of January 15 there appeared a wonderful story relating to the invention of Harry E. Perrigo, an electrical engineer of Kansas City, of a device to generate electrical energy.
"One got the impression from reading the story that Mr Perrigo's device was a demonstrated success, that it had been patented, and that he was practically ready to permit its manufacture as a source of power.
"It was a whale of a story and interested me, for it seemed if it were true that his device was destined to have as far-reaching influence on the human race in the future as the grain binder and the gas engine had had in the past.
"I wrote to various publications devoted to mechanics and electricity, seeking further information. None knew anything about it. One said no such device had been patented, another that a vast amount of research and experimentation had been done in an effort to develop such a device and that the only result had been failure.
"I would like to know if Mr Perrigo's device has been patented and if he is prepared at the present time to demonstrate it in a convincing way."
The story of Mr Perrigo's invention was printed in the Star as the record of an ambitious and interesting enterprise. The apparent success of the device was vouched for by persons who had seen the machine in operation and were convinced it produced the results Mr Perrigo claimed for it.
Questioned recently as to new developments, Mr Perrigo said there could be no new mechanical developments.
"The machine has been developed to a state as near perfect as I can make it, for two years", he said. "I am waiting for the patent office to take final action. My applications have been approved and investigation has shown no conflicting patents on record. The rest is simply a matter of routine work in the patent office. As soon as the final patents are granted I'll be ready to manufacture the Perrigo.
"I can't give a demonstration without going to considerable trouble to set the machine up. Of can't keep it set up, nor even use it in my home, because technically that would amount to 'commercial use' and would interfere with the granting of patent rights."
(1) Harry E. Perrigo, the inventor of a "free energy" device which he believes will revolutionize all industry ~
(2) Here, Perrigo says, is his secret: the 100 little spring coils of copper wire break up the aether waves and conduct the electricity they gather into the big generating coil. There are two of these plates, identical in appearance but different in wiring.
(3) The 100 little bundles of copper stays form the plugs driven through the wooden block are soldered over the ends, making them appear smooth.
(4) Mr. Perrigo's first machine, as he remembers it, was a crude device made from two embroidery hoops, a table leaf, bread box and other materials picked up around the house.
(5) The top of the big coil, showing the ends of the copper stays and the windings of wire. The space separating the two parts of the coil are the "field gap", Mr. Perrigo says.
(6) At left, a closeup of one of the 100 plugs in the wooden block.
(7) The complete Perrigo, without its wooden case. The drawing was made from a machine Mr. Perrigo made by hand which, he says, has developed more than 500 horsepower. The commercial machine will be an exact copy of this.
(8) This is the machine the writer saw in operation. It was built by Mr. Perrigo 5 years ago for demonstration in Washington, when the inventor successfully opposed a war measure which would have prevented for a period of 17 years the granting of his patents on any "free energy" device. The operation of this machine, on the speaker's table in the lower House, is recorded in the Congressional Record, December 15, 1917, pages 369-383. [Actually, pp. 357-372]
Kansas City Journal (August 7, 1927), page 1 ~
"Power Drawn From Air Propels Auto Over K.C. Streets"
Inventor Claims Tiny Motor Will Drive Plane Around World, Doing Away With Transportation of Fuel
A motor car was driven 40 miles an hour in Kansas City yesterday on power drawn from the air.
A device making this feat possible was demontrated after years of rebuffs and failures by its inventors, Harry Perrigo, 1116 Bennington Avenue, in the presence of Col, Paul Henderson, Chicago, vice president of the National Air Transport Inc., air mail contractors.
"It is the greatest invention since the stone age", was Col. Henderson's comment.
Lou E. Holland, president of the Chamber of Commerce, who saw the demonstration with Col. Henderson, was enthusiastic over the invention and said he believed it would have a great effect on public utilities if it can ever be brought into general use.
Coils Gather Power ~
The device consists of a plate 14 inches square which, by a multiple arrangement of connected copper coils, it was explained, attracts electric current from the air.
The electricity thus trapped passes through a generator and to a regular direct current motor, which was connected to the transmission shaft of the car.
Mr Perrigo has been working on the device more than 10 years. Three years ago he suffered a nervous breakdown and has been back at his workshop only two months.
While photographers focused their cameras, Mr Perrigo and his wife entered his roadster in which the device was installed. He turned a switch and the motor hummed.
The inventor sat silent, listening. Then he threw in the clutch gently. The car moved away with only the sound of the cogs, whining softly as they meshed. He threw it into high and sped away.
At the corner of 10th Street and Bennington Avenue, near his home, he stopped the machine while movie cameramen ground their machines. Then he backed it and turned around, stopping in the middle of the street.
Later Mr Perrigo took the car out for a spin. It breezed along at 40 miles an hour.
"100 Just As Easy" ~
"I could make it go 100 miles an hour just as easily", the inventor remarked, "if it were not for the danger of hurting someone."
The total weight of the motor, generator and controls is about 86 pounds, according to the inventor. In the rear of the car are reduction coils, because the device is five times too powerful for the work of pulling the car, Mr Perrigo said.
The proper motor for a Reo car will not weigh more than 30 pounds", he said. "The motor to run a Chevrolet will weigh not more than 10 pounds. An airplane motor would weigh around 50 pounds, and with that motor the air traveler could go around the world without waiting."
Col. Henderson walked around the machine, inspecting it.
"What it would mean to my airplanes", he said, "--- no weight for motors, no space for gas, no motor trouble."
Like other spectators, he had difficulty in believing what he saw.
The work of bringing the invention to its present state of development has been the story of a lone man working with the unknown, usually meeting with discouragement.
Congress Wouldn't Believe ~
Five years ago, the inventor took one of his electric motors to Washington, set the boxlike contrivance on the speaker's stand in Congress and ran a motor and five lights with it. They called it an infernal machine.
Even now, when he is seeking patents for his invention, the patent office refuses to believe the principles he advances are possible.
"The machine has been taken up in an airplane 10,000 feet and it operated the same as if it were on the ground", Mr Perrigo said. "It has been tried out in hot places and cold places."
He pictures it as power for every purpose --- the farm, the factory, the office, doing away with coal, gas, cost of water power and the cumbersome weight of engines.
The models of the machine now are being kept in bank vaults.
Mr Holland is convinced, after two weeks investigation, that the invention is genuine.
Kansas City Journal (August 8, 1927), p. 3 ~
"Perrigo Dreams Of Aiding Humanity With Ether Wave Machine"
Inventor Declares Generator, When Patented, Shall Not Be "Hogged" or "Shelved", But World Will Reap Benefits Of Cheap Power.
Homes lighted and meals cooked for a cost of $5 per month; motor cars operating with a quart of lubricating oil about once every six months and a little grease in the rear axles and yet damaging no existing corporations by the working of these revolutions.
These are the dreams of H.E. Perrigo, 1116 Bennington Avenue, inventor of the Perrigo ether wave generator.
Lou E. Holland, president of the Chamber of Commerce and Col. Paul Henderson, general manager of the National Air Transport, Inc., are convinced his invention is practical.
Mr Holland, Mr Henderson and newspaper men Saturday witnessed a demonstration in which Mr Perrigo drove a motor car on electric power generated from the air.
"It is too early yet to talk to manufacturing the invention", Mr Holland said yesterday. "The patent rights must be perfected in both the United States and foreign countries. Also, it must be made clear that nothing will be done to demoralize present power manufacturing."
Mr Perrigo's invention is the result of more than 12 years labor on the part of the inventor.
"Twelve years ago I conceived the idea that the generation of power from ether waves was possible, while I was employed ion the power plant at Pee Dee, NC, where some wires not connected with anything that was 'live' seemed to be generating power", Mr Perrigo said yesterday.
"After more than a year of experimenting I finally produced light in a bulb about the size of those used in flash lights. Now in my laboratory I light three 300 watt globes from a wire no larger than the thread which holds the button on a man's overcoat.
"Three times in my experiments I was knocked unconscious because I did not know how much power it would generate.
"The invention has been tested under all conditions. It has been strapped to the running board of a locomotive running between Kansas City and Chicago, it has been tested in an airplane at a height of 12,000 feet. It will generate power anywhere that air circulates.
"With the invention every home will have its own power plant and all the electricity needed for any purpose can be provided at a roughly estimated cost of $5 per month.
"The Kansas City Public Service company, for instance, could afford to install these plants because they would eliminate the enormous overhead which is the principal expense of such companies."
Both Mr Perrigo and Mr Holland made it plain that the invention will not be permitted to upset the electrical world. No one will be given exclusive rights of its use, they said.
"Any person or any manufacturer can use the invention who will pay the royalty fees", Mr Perrigo explained. "No one will be permitted to 'hog' the invention and no one can purchase it and shelve it.
"I have no doubt that it will bring me more money than Mrs Perrigo and I will need to supply our simple wants and I want humanity to benefit.
"I want to see rural sections which have remained barren because it cost too much to pump the water to irrigate them, spring into bloom. I want to see the smallest farm house in the most isolated places with its electric lights and stoves; in other words, I want humanity to benefit."
"How about the gasoline industry if motor cars are to be run without fuel?" he was asked.
"The supply of petroleum is limited", he answered. "There are 30 other purposes to which petroleum products can be turned, so the oil producers will not suffer."
"Can you explain your invention so that the non-technically trained can understand it?"
"That would be difficult, especially without divulging information that is now in the patent office; besides, the generation of power always is difficult to explain.
"Electric generators have been used in power plants for a great many years. We all know what you have to do to make a generator and we all know that electricity is its product but we don't know very much about what really is going on inside that generator."
While the patents for his device still are pending, Mr Perrigo is keeping his working models in the vault of a downtown bank to prevent the possibility of their being copied.
Kansas City Star (August 7, 1927) ~
"Electricity Power from Air?"
An invention that will revolutionize radically all power producing and power using machinery of the entire world, if in practical use it equals the miracle of its demonstration, was given a showing here yesterday to newspaper men and Lou E. Holland, president of the Chamber of Commerce.
It is a device to collect electrical energy from the ether and convert it into a powerful current of electricity of a type dissimilar in many ways from the direct or alternating current now known to electricians.
So far as could be determined even by the most skeptical of those witnessing the demonstration yesterday, the device is exactly what Harry E. Perrigo, the inventor, asserts it to be -- a method for collecting natural electricity from the ether, in unlimited quantity and without cost.
More Power Than Needed ~
One feature of the demonstration was the operation of a motorcar by power from a small model of the invention. The engine had been removed from the car and an electric motor substituted. The device supplied power in such quantity that it had to be reduced and yet propelled the car with speed and ease.
A detailed examination of the car showed the absence of any possible form of power except the inventor’s small device and it is of such an open type that one may see clear through the mass of wires and coils.
Other demonstrations were given with other models of the device, with the machine and electric lights and motors held in the hands of spectators, yet the device produced current to do any electrical task assigned to it.
Col. Paul E. Henderson, general manager of the National Air Transport, Inc., was there with Mr Holland, being his guest for the day. He took an active part in the testing and enthusiastically was declaiming the invention as revolutionary.
Cheap As Similar Motor ~
To operate a motor car would require a model weighing about 20 pounds, Mr Perrigo computes, but he has given no thought the probable cost of building it. However, he estimates the cost at no more than an electric motor of the same size.
A device of the size of a coffee can would light and heat an average home, he declares, cutting off forever all fuel and lighting bills.
And one can go on and dream of an electrified world with free power for all industries and operations, increased yields of foods from dry areas that cold be irrigated with this free energy, the passing of wood and coal and oil as fuels.
At first thought, not one of the persons seeing yesterday's demonstration could give much credence to the inventor's declaration that his invention was a way to obtain unlimited electrical power from the ether without any cost.
There was not a doubter left as to the success of the demonstration, but the witnesses could not in any sense qualify as electrical engineers.
Electricity Always In Ether ~
As near as a layman can understand, Mr Perrigo's theory is the revolution of the earth sets up a form of electric currents that are forever present in the ether. His theory is to capture those electrical impulses in very much to same way that a radio antenna picks up the programs broadcast from WDAF. Instead of a machine to turn the radio impulses into music, Mr Perrigo has a machine to turn the ether's electrical store into controlled power. He declares it is really no more mysterious than the fact that an electric dynamo picks electricity out of the air, although the dynamo must have a power to revolve it while his device sits perfectly still and seemingly produces many fold more electricity than a dynamo of the same bulk.
Demonstrating the different nature of this electricity, Mr Perrigo showed how high voltage could be transmitted over hair-size wires and light a series of electric lamps although a sufficient power of the well known electricity to light those lamps would have melted the small wires immediately.
Clearer Light Than Usual ~
And it imparted an unusual glow to the electric lamps, giving them a clear brilliancy with none of the effervescent haze that surrounds the wires in a lamp when lighted with ordinary electricity.
Mr Perrigo has spent years on his invention. Years ago he conceived the idea that there was an unlimited source of electricity in the air that could be harnessed with a collector. He has not reached the present measure of success without a row of hard knocks along the way.
In whatever neighborhood he has lived since moving here 15 years ago, it has been common knowledge that Mr Perrigo was the frequent victim of electric shocks that often came near proving fatal. He has been revived by pulmotors time and again.
The first model of his device was constructed with makeshift material. A leaf from Mrs Perrigo's dining room table was the basis, with the bread box used, sheets torn up and the strips shellacked to be used for insulation. But as junky as it was, it operated a small motor, and that original model is still preserved and used a s part of his demonstration.
Sickness Delayed His Work ~
In 1922 he got the device to such a point of perfection that he went before Congress and defeated a war-time measure that proposed to give 17-year rights to another person for a blanket patent on all free energy devices.
Then three years of sickness came, and the invention progressed slowly. Mrs Perrigo is not electrically inclined, but she has carried forward the experiments under his direction and has always been his assistant.
Mr Perrigo is not offering stock for sale and says he has made all necessary arrangements for financing the device when it is ready for manufacture.
Photo Caption: In a semi-public demonstration here yesterday of an invention said by its inventor to be able to collect electricity from the ether, in unlimited quantity and without cost, a motor car was propelled with perfect success, then an examination of the car allowed to show the absence of engine, storage battery or other usual form of power. The upper photograph shows under the motorcar hood, engine missing and an electric motor in its place. The equipment above the motor is a series of resistance coils, the collection device used being too powerful for the motor. The middle photograph shows the collector placed on the floor by the driver, a makeshift arrangement for the test. Below is Mr Perrigo, with his wife, seated in the test car. Lou E. Holland, president of the Chamber of Commerce, is standing on the near side of the car. Col. Paul E. Henderson, general manager of the National Air Transport, Inc., stands on the other side. They were among those attending the demonstration.
Kansas City Times (August 8, 1927) ~
"Electricity from the Air"
H.E. Perrigo, a nervous, red-haired little electrician, stood last nigh among a confused display of strange devices in is basement workshop at 1116 Bennington Avenue. He was still a bit haggard from an illness of three years, but is energy, dynamic as that which his devices "pick out of the air", was unabated. Mr. Perrigo had just returned from a conference with Lou E. Holland, president of the Chamber of Commerce.
"There are no batteries in this room", he said. "There are no light and power wires. There is nothing but these unconnected accumulators you see before you."
On an old kitchen chair stood an object about one and one-half feet square, several inches thick. It appeared to consist of two parallel metal squares, separated and held together by numerous pegs woven around which was a maze of thin copper wires. It stood on edge, resting against the back of a chair. On the seat of the chair was a round metallic object, resembling, at a glance, a huge spring, a foot and a half in diameter, from an alarm clock. In a mechanical sense it was in no way similar. But it might as well have been an alarm clock spring, for all Mr. Perrigo would tell of its construction. The first object was the collector, the second the generator.
No Moving Parts, No Wheels ~
Neither had any moving parts. They have no wheels. They are immobile, simply an arrangement of wires. On the to edge of the flat box was a switch. Thence ran two wires, connected with forty-five 100-watt standard electric light bulbs.
Mr. Perrigo pulled the switch. There was no arc as the contact was made. The 45 bulbs flashed brightly and burned with a steady white glow. There was never a flicker. He turned 44 lights off, leaving one. It did not flicker as the 44 lights went off and on.
"This little device, the Perrigo Electric Accumulator", said Mr. Perrigo, will light 8,000 bulbs as easily as it lights one. I can build one of any size, to produce the results that any amount of dynamo electricity will produce."
He picked up a little narrow box, in the top of which was a pane of glass, through which one might see more pegs, more intricate wiring. He connected a small electric fan to the poles, and the fan whizzed.
Tests Everywhere But Under The Sea ~
"There are skeptics yet", he said. "Some think I am picking up leaking electricity. This free energy device has been tested at an altitude of 12,000 feet, on the sea, on deserts, everywhere except in a submarine. Everywhere it runs smoothly, without fluctuation".
In his Reo roadster he had a large motor mounted, the one he demonstrated Saturday to Lou E. Holland, president of the Chamber of Commerce, and Col. Paul E. Henderson, general manager of the National Air Transport, Inc. Mr. Perrigo crawled into the seat, threw a switch, and a big all-speed motor, standing in the place of the gasoline engine, roared.
"Rheostat control", said Mr. Perrigo. "It will run at all speeds. I do not need clutches".
There were two "mystery boxes" in the car, one of which picked the electricity out of the ether, the inventor explained, another which regulated its intensity.
"It will be on the market in the near future", Mr. Perrigo said. "I cannot say more at this time. It will be manufactured by a Kansas City company.
"We do not intend to harm the men who produce electrical current by other means. Perhaps they will manufacture and distribute the little units. The can do it gradually, so there will not be a sudden, destructive revolution. That is bad economy. There is to be no monopoly. But eventually there will be a unit in every home. There are no moving parts. A unit will last a lifetime".
Patents were pending, Mr. Perrigo said.
His Idea 15 Years Old ~
The germ of the invention, Mr. Perrigo related, came to him 15 years ago in Pee Dee, NC, when he was employed in an electric power plant.
"All of the dynamos were off", he said. "I was working on a dead one. I encountered some hot wires. Yet there was no juice being produced. It gave me an idea. Three years later I began developing it. I have worked on it since at odd times. About 8 or 9 years ago I began intensive work on it. I demonstrated it experimentally in 1922. Now it is perfected. I want the world to know it is a reality".
Mrs Perrigo came downstairs and cautiously proceeded into the workshop.
"Is the floor too wet?", she asked. "Might I get a shock?".
He reassured her.
"I’ve been laid out so often", he said, "no wonder she’s timid".
There was a tremor in Mrs. Perrigo’s voice as she spoke.
"I'm so glad it's all over", she said. "We've given years of our life to it, Mr Perrigo almost has broken his health over it. It's done. We can rest now."
Mr Perrigo leaned against the wall and talked.
"Think of what it can do for the world", he said. "Money isn't all. It will give the farmer unlimited power. It will drive motor cars, run the washing machine, carry an airplane forever. Can't you imagine what all it will do?"
Some one suggested man would never have to do another lick of work on earth.
"Oh, no", said Mr Perrigo. "He must never quit working. He must work on and on and on."
Definite steps were being taken to protect not only the inventor but the user and producers of electrical current, Mr Holland said last night, following a conference at his home.
Must Protect Users & Makers ~
Mr Perrigo's invention is so revolutionary in scope that many interests into its manufacture and use", Mr Holland said. "All of these interests, the big producers of power and the users of electric current are concerned and how these interests along with those of the inventor shall be protected is a matte for first consideration."
It was pointed out that there were innumerable corporations engaged in the production of electric current and billions of dollars invested in power plants, machinery and transmission lines. The successful use of the Perrigo device would make the power plant systems of the country obsolete.
No stock was offered in the invention, Mr Perrigo said. Arrangements have been made for financing the manufacture of the device when it is ready for the market.
"The parent company will be here and the first machines made in Kansas City", Mr Holland added.
Kansas City Journal-Post (August 8, 1927) ~
Harry Perrigo, 1116 Bennington Avenue, inventor of a device which, he says, draws electrical energy from the air, yesterday demonstrated the invention before Col. Paul henderson, vice-president of the National Air Transport, Inc., and Lou E. Holland, president of the Chamber of Commerce. The device was used to propel a motor car from which the motor had been removed at a rate of 40 miles an hour.
Mr & Mrs Perrigo are shown in the motor car. Mr Holland stands at the left of the car and Col. Henderson on the right ~
Mr Perrigo at the wheel, explaining the apparatus to Col. Henderson ~
A closeup of the mechanism. At the left is an ordinary motor. A cog wheel on the motor shaft meshes directly with a larger cog on the main drive shaft of the car. The square mechansim at the top is the controlling device ~
Kansas City Star (August 8, 1927) ~
"A Magnet For Money, Too"
The Power From Air Machine Has Been Backed for 14 Years --- Some Still Are Faithful to It.
The "energy from air" device demonstrated Saturday by H. E. Perrigo when he seemingly operated a motor car with electricity taken from the free air, got almost as much attention today when investors bobbed up from all corners of the city and told of having bought shares in his device as far back as 14 years ago.
So many tales of investing as much as $10,000 in Perrigo's hope came to light today that the state blue sky commissioner and the Better Business Bureau began an investigation.
The Investors Are Interviewed ~
Several of the investors in Perrigo's device were interviewed by those agencies.
All the investors talked to were of the opinion that Perrigo was impractical as an organizer, to say the least, and that they had been swindled on a gigantic fake or that Perrigo really had some great invention, but was unnecessarily slow in commercializing it.
Preston T. Stockard, blue sky commissioner, said after talking to a few of the investors that he would demand a showing of the merit of the apparatus, and would question Perrigo as to his financing plans, preparatory to issuing a "stop order" against any more sales of stock.
Mr Perrigo said at the demonstration Saturday that he was selling no interest or shares in his invention and that he had met expenses while experimenting by doing outside electrical work. Mrs Perrigo, however, said their financial problems had been met by "occasional financing as is always done".
As far back as 5 years ago, a group of persons who had invested met and discussed the possibility of prosecution for the share sales or of taking some action to get control of the device away from Perrigo and find out whether it really had any merit.
No One Could See Machine ~
Even persons who had given him money for a share were refused an opportunity to investigate the machine, and the whole investigation was dropped at that time.
But the publicity resulting from his demonstration Saturday brought those investors to the front again today.
There is not one in the lot who has seen demonstrations of Perrigo's devices, and all are convince that he has some radical departure from known devices, even though it might not be the revolutionary thing he believes he has.
They were given demonstrations at the time they put in $1,000, in some instances, more usually $2,000 and as much as $10,000 in two known cases.
Those persons said today the demonstration Saturday differed from previous demonstrations only in that a motor car was operated, seemingly with more power.
In one instance, that of Mrs Blanche Casey, the complaint was made that Perrigo's device was being used for no other purpose than to obtain a constant income of subscriptions. She and her late husband had $2,000 invested, getting in return a contract agreeing to give them 1% of whatever capital was issued when the device was marketed.
That contract was made in 1920. Mrs Casey said today she would be glad to take $1,000 for her contract because she was convinced Perrigo was incapable of commercializing his invention, even though it is all he says it is.
Mrs Casey said she and Dr James F.A. Casey, later to become her husband, were in the motor car business together at that time and that they went with a mutual friend to Perrigo's house for a demonstration.
Little Change in Seven Years ~
She told of the details of the demonstration and they were identical with most of the demonstration Saturday, which was seven years later. Mrs Casey said her husband became enthusiastic and desired to invest, but Perrigo refused to accept any subscription, declaring he had all the money he needed.
At that time he told them, she said, of getting the idea for the device from an old man with whom he had been friendly and that just before the aged friend died he passed the secret on to Perrigo.
As they drove away from Perrigo's home, the inventor rode with them, and suggested that it would be "a dirty trick not to let Dr Casey in on it", so let them have 1% for $2,000, first pledging them to secrecy.
Mrs Casey said that a short time afterward Perrigo came to Dr Casey and herself, offering another 1% share for $25. That created suspicion and they investigated among their friends, finding many others had bought shares and had been sworn to secrecy as they had been.
Mrs Casey said the decision she and her friends reached was that Perrigo most certainly did have some unusual electrical device, but that his failure to put it on a commercial basis must mean that it was really what it was set up to be.
Then, she said, they attempted to investigate and learn whether some commercial use could be made of whatever Perrigo did have, but that line was balked by his refusal to let anyone investigate.
Mrs Casey offered her contract for perusal today, expressing willingness that it should be published so other investors could make comparison.
This agreement made and entered into by and between H.E. Perrigo of Kansas City, MO, hereafter called first party, and James F.A. Casey and Blanche C. Ellis of Kansas City, MO, hereafter called second parties, witnesseth, that:
Whereas, H. E. Perrigo has invented a device, apparatus or machine for extracting electricity out of the air, known as an electric accumulator; and,
Whereas, it is the intention of the said H.E. Perrigo to have said electric accumulator protected by patent either through the patent office or by grant direct form Congress; and,
Whereas, it requires additional money for the development of said invention and drawing of plans and maps to be submitted to the patent office and for traveling expenses; and,
Whereas, the second party is desirous of having an interest in said corporation when so formed, now, therefore, it is agreed as follows:
Seven hundred and fifty ($750) dollars to be paid on the 20th day of April, 1920, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged and the balance to be paid in monthly payments of two hundred and fifty ($250) dollars each, to be paid on the 20th day of each succeeding month thereafter, up to and including the 20th day of September, 1920, the first party will issue to the second party an amount of the capital stock, no matter what the capital stock may be. That is to say, that the second parties shall receive only one percent (1%) of said capital stock by reason and virtue of this contract.
2. It is clearly understood and agreed, however, that said first party shall not be liable for damages to second parties in the event that said H.E. Perrigo fails to obtain the patent either from the patent office or through Congress.
3. Said second parties fully appreciating and understanding the large possibilities of said invention and also appreciating the fact that said two thousand ($2,000) dollars is but a small consideration to be paid for the rights granted herewith, therefore, it is understood and agreed that in the event no patent is allowed or granted on said device, apparatus or machine that said first party may retain in the consideration herein paid and shall not be liable to said second parties in any manner whatsoever.
H.E. Perrigo, First Party.
James F.A. Casey, Blanche C. Ellis, Second Parties.
Invest After One Call ~
Another instance of an investor buying after one demonstration was that of a Chicago physician, Dr Louis Lyn Wall, who put $2,000 in for stock when he went with a friend to call at the Perrigo home.
The very first investor was George Breting (701 W. 32nd St). Mr Breting said he put money into the deal as early as 1913. His contract, he said, was different from the one given Mrs Casey, in that it specified Perrigo should use the money for living expenses, experimental work and anything necessary in developing the device.
Mr Breting Not Dissatisfied ~
Mr Breting was not dissatisfied with his investment. He expressed confidence that Perrigo actually has something that was revolutionary and that he was moving toward a patent and commercialization as rapidly as possible.
A conference of a group of investors in the project some time ago to attempt something that would speed up action was mentioned by Mr Breting, but the movement was dropped when it was found Perrigo did have an application of some sort in the patent office.
A rough estimate of the amount of stock sold that he knew about was made by Mr Breting and put the figure at $30,000 to $40,000. The blue sky commissioner was able to name several stockholders that were strangers to Mr. Breting, however.
No one of the investors was able to estimate what percent his total valuation of the device has been sold already by Mr Perrigo, and the varying percent of his valuation he gave for a given amount of money would make it impossible to make a reasonable calculation.
Another thing coming to light today as a result of the publicity attending the demonstration was a shadow of question thrown on the instances in which Perrigo told of being shocked into insensibility while experimenting with his device.
Told of Hysteria Swoon ~
A physician who has attended him several times told today f an instance when Perrigo was standing on the street and fell in a swoon, becoming rigid. It required several hours to revive him. Later on the same physician attended him after on of the shocks received while experimenting and found Perrigo's condition to be identical with the "acute hysteria" swoon.
One of the shareholders in the device expressed the intention today of going into court to force a showdown on the development of the device. The plan tentatively outlined was to ask the court for a receiver for the device, setting up a minority stockholders' plea of mismanagement and undue delay.
Then, it was pointed out, a cold-blooded businessman could submit the device to competent electrical engineers and find out whether it was revolutionary or a monumental fake. It was also pointed out that even though the entire think should turn out to be a fake, there must be something electrically unusual in its construction --- a powerful, new type of storage battery, a method of storing electrical energy in wires, a device for picking up electricity from outside sources, or what not --- and that principle might be put to commercial use to repay the money invested.
Kansas City Star (August 9, 1927) ~
"Known Investors With Perrigo"
William Pitt, $5,000; Earl G. Wallingford, $1,000; Harry Brandt (~) $1,000; George L. Breting, (<) $1,000; Dr Bert McDowell, $2,000; E. J. Bowers, $500; J.J. Rode, W.A. Rode, E.A. Rode, H.A. Rode, F. J. Rode; the Rode brothers financed Perrigo in the earlier days of his "experimenting" with about $2,000.
William Pitt, former vice-president of the Irving-Pitt Manufacturing Company, accepted H.E. Perrigo's free energy scheme --- proved fake yesterday --- at its face value about 5 years ago and financed several machines.
Mr Pitt paid Perrigo's wages of $40 a week for 10 months and bought materials for the experiments. In all, he estimated he spent $5,000.
He withdrew after Perrigo constantly evaded a test of his machine by experts.
"Perrigo and I worked on the machine at the laboratory at my home", Mr Pitt said last night. "I think that if Perrigo is sincere he should submit the machine to an analysis of experts in electricity. In the 10 months I dealt with him, I was unable to get a demonstration from which I could form an opinion or prove anything. I built three or four machines under his supervision."
Mr Pitt then was told the fraud was uncovered.
Built In Pitt's Laboratory ~
"The machines were made in my laboratory", he continued. Perrigo went to the Irving-Pitt company and Mr Irving became interested in the idea. He turned it over to me with instructions to find out whether there was anything in it. I entered into a contract with Perrigo to build the machines in my laboratory. I agreed to pay him $50 a week salary and buy materials for him. This was to go on until the device was perfected and fit for a demonstration. I think our contract terminated when I quit paying Perrigo.
"I tried repeatedly to get a demonstration of the machine. Once while I was away, Perrigo demonstrated it for Mrs Pitt and my son. But when I wanted a demonstration, the model was burned. Perrigo explained that something went wrong and it was short-circuited.
"I think the collector, or accumulator, Perrigo used in his demonstration this last time, was mine. I worked with him and built the machine, but never saw it work.
Venture Stopped With Pay ~
"Finally I tired of the business and quit paying Perrigo and that was the end of the venture at my house."
Mr Pitt lives at 44th Street and State Line. He said he still had two of the models.
"I was one of the suckers to the extent of $1,500", Earl G. Wallingord of Wallingford Brothers, grain dealers, said last night at his home (6015 Wyandote Street).
"That was 8 or 10 years ago", Mr Wallingford added. "I bought a percent interest in the prospective development, as I remember it. He was clever with his device and fooled me, if it is a fraud. I am no electrician, of course, and I thought I investigated carefully, but really could not have detected any electrical trickery."
The First Investor ~
George L. Breting (701 W. 32nd St), a salesman for the Mack International motor truck Corporation, is believed to have been the first person to have found Perrigo's demonstration convincing. In 1913 he invested a small sum after seeing Perrigo's basement illuminated by "energy from the air". He was a neighbor.
He said he never found any reason to doubt Perrigo's sincerity and always believed he had an idea but had been unfortunate in attempts to commercialize it.
When informed last night the bubble of 15 years had burst he was philosophical about it.
"I confidently expect my name to head all the sucker lists in the country from now on", he said.
He indicated he would support any attempt to prosecute Perrigo but because of the small sum invested would not take the initiative.
He Contributed $1,000 ~
Harry Brand (124 Hunter Ave), a storekeeper for the Kansas City Public Service Company, paid slightly less that $1,000 for an interest of one-tenth of one percent in a company to be formed to market the device. He expressed a desire to see the fake inventor prosecuted, but said he admired Perrigo's nerve in making a public demonstration.
Faith in Perrigo's "free energy" machine was steadfast with E.J. Bowers, a contractor (5820 Cherry St), until last night. He is out $400, he said.
"I don't feel bad about it", he said cheerfully. "I am over 21 and I figure if I made a bad investment nobody suffers by it but me."
Dentist A Victim ~
Dr Bert McDowell, a dentist (5933 Oak St), invested about $2,000 about 10 years ago when the McDowells and the alleged inventor were neighbors, Mrs McDowell said last night. Perrigo made sop many requests for more money that Dr McDowell became suspicious. An electrician, a friend of Dr McDowell, attempted to examine the device but was ordered away by Perrigo. Mrs McDowell said her husband finally shut off further pleas for money by telling Perrigo he believed the scheme was a fraud.
P.J. Hodgins, a lawyer (2917 E. 29th St) with an office at 436 Ridge Building, handled Perrigo's legal business for a short time, he said last night. Mr Hodgins said he did not represent him now.
About 1921, Mr Hodgins said, Perrigo applied to him to get a patent for his machine. Application was made and Mr Hodgins did the corresponding.
Mr Hodgins said he did not invest.
Kansas City Star (August 9, 1927) ~
[ No Title Available ]
The biggest and best planned fake of the last decade blew up with a bang yesterday afternoon when the Star, the better Business Bureau and the blue sky commissioner of Missouri launched an investigation of H.E. Perrigo's fantastic device for drawing electricity from the air, demonstrating it by propelling a motor car.
The whole fake turned out to be nothing more than small but powerful storage batteries cunningly concealed in the upholstering of the car, with a mass of complicated wire coils lending mystification.
Thus the invention took its place with the rubber fenders and the self-calling golf ball that have helped to make George Bungle a household word.
Behind Perrigo's free energy fake was the money motive, brought to light by the first phase of the investigation when numerous persons were found who had poured all the way from $1,000 up to $10,000 into the dream, as far back as 14 years ago.
Insisted On Immediate Test ~
The actual cracking of the Perrigo bubble came in the midst of what was supposed to have been an electrical test of his device, forced on Mr Perrigo immediately by authorities insisting on a scientific test, while Perrigo insistently was demanding a delay of a few days.
It came when an inquiring reporter for The Star pushed his arm down into the framework and upholstering at the back of the seat, wormed the hand as far as it would go into the depths and found the familiarly shaped connections used on storage batteries.
Perrigo became violently excited, pouncing on the investigator and fighting to prevent the disclosure of the storage batteries he had vehemently denied existed.
Then the battery men who had sold Perrigo the batteries, identified the product and, by electrical tests, proved to themselves the current Perrigo was putting into his motor was exactly that which the batteries would have supplied.
Perrigo Doesn't Give Up ~
Chattering and shouting in broken words, Perrigo still insisted his "free energy" device was the thing that furnished the power and that the batteries had nothing to do with it.
But with the battery power disconnected the voltage of the remarkable "free energy" device was gone. The motor wouldn't start and the wires were dead.
To being at the start of the cracking of Perrigo's monumental fake, the bug of doubt was installed when his own story of his invention and the method by which he had developed it was found to be full of discrepancies that were too apparent to be mere slips of his memory.
Selling "Shares" For 14 Years ~
In the first place, he had insisted there had been no stock or shares sold in his invention and that none was for sale. But it was found that at least $40,000 and perhaps much more had been taken in by Perrigo, beginning as far back as 1913.
In each share-selling period, Perrigo had staged a demonstration, sometimes on a smalls scale, sometimes on a larger one. Each time he declared he had patent proceedings on the way and did not want to sell any interest in his device.
There Were Many "Investors" ~
But it developed yesterday, each time a few victims had been roped in, even begging to invest their money. Perrigo's demonstrations were thoroughly convincing to any person who did not know too much about electricity.
Yesterday two officials of the Electric Storage battery Company reported to the better Business Bureau that two days before the latest demonstration they had delivered to Perrigo a storage battery of small dimensions that would easily supply enough power to operate a motor car as Perrigo did Saturday.
J. D. Fischer, branch manager of the battery company, and C.W. Wilson, assistant manager, gave George M. Husser, manager of the Better Business Bureau, the specifications and cost of the battery sold to Perrigo.
It consisted of 72 small batteries with a total size of 13-1/2 by 14-1/2 by 10 inches.
They told how Perrigo ordered the battery built specially, and demanded that it be strong enough so that at the end of an hour's constant use it still would be delivering 30 amperes at 110 volts. That much current, they said, was enough to operate a motor car at any speed to which it was geared, for several hours.
The Probe Starts ~
Perrigo was called to the office of Lou E. Holland, president of the Chamber of Commerce, who had shown a keen interest in the development of the device and had been investigating it. There Perrigo was met by a reporter for The Star; the state blue sky commissioner, Fenton T. Stockard; the representative of the Better Business Bureau, C.E. Buehner; and the men who had sold him the battery.
Perrigo was asked the direct question, whether he had bought a powerful storage battery recently.
He answered, emphatically, "No."
Then the storage battery men were introduced and described the battery they sold him.
"Well", he admitted, "I did buy that battery, but it was for experimental purposes."
Battery Cost Nearly $200 ~
"Why did you buy such a powerful battery, that cost you $194.20, if you could get unlimited power from the air?"
"Because I wanted to test some coils."
"Where is the battery now?" he was asked.
"That's my business and nobody else's", he answered with a shrug of his shoulders.
Mr Stockard then said to Perrigo:
"You put on a public demonstration of a device Saturday and have been selling stock in that device. Now we have learned you have bought a battery that could have been used to furnish the power you say you get from the air. There is a possibility of crooked work there and you must show us that battery or I will have you arrested here and now."
Perrigo quailed at the word "arrest".
"It's out of my possession. It is not in my house. It is not in my car. It's out of my possession."
Then he was told that he must tell where the battery went from his possession so it could be traced down and the possibility of fraud cleared up.
"I gave to a junk man", he blurted.
The battery men interrupted to ask why he would give a new battery to a junk man instead of returning it for repurchase, which would have been done at only a 10% loss.
"I didn't know you would do that", he argued, but could not explain such ignorance of electrical trade practice when he had spent his life with electricity.
The questioning then veered to the sale of shares. Perrigo denied at first that he had ever sold any shares or stock.
Then one of the contracts given to a "customer" in 1920 was exhibited to him and he admitted he had sold such shares.
Mr Stockard told him the preliminary investigation indicated he might have sold as much as 200% of the invention, and he admitted he could not supply a list of those to whom he had sold.
Nor could he fix any price per unit at which he had sold. Some investors had paid $2,000 for a 1% share in whatever profit the device ever brought, others got 1% for $1,000 and one instance is known where he offered 1% for $25 at a time when business was not so good.
From shares the quizzing went back to the question of the storage battery. Every person in the room knew Perrigo was far from the truth when he had insisted he gave it to a junk man.
Several propositions were made to him whereby he could demonstrate that the "free energy" propelled motor car did not get its strength from that concealed battery.
It was outlined clearly to Perrigo that he must accept one of the propositions or leave the room to face arrest.
Perrigo was hard to pin down to listen to any one of the proposals. He had one of his own.
"I will fix up that car without a body on it", he said. "There will be nothing but the chassis, the motor and the accumulator. You can drive it anywhere and as long as you want to. All the secret connections will be inside of one-half inch pipes and I will trust you not to open them."
Perrigo was pressed "to the wall" on that proposition.
"You are only stalling for time", he was told.
He was offered a proposition that the car be submitted to a rigid search for the batteries; with the guarantee that the body and upholstering would be restored to perfection.
That proposal, however, repeated over and over, was ignored by Perrigo and he kept countering with a pleas for a delay in the test.
Then the battery men announced they could make an electrical test of the current operating the motor in Perrigo's car that would prove conclusively whether it was being operated by batteries.
They proposed to connect instruments that would measure the amperes and the voltage, then run the motor for a period of time. If the power was coming from the battery, the power would decline steadily as the battery was drawn on. If it was really "divine power", then there would be no let-up in the current.
Perrigo weakened on that offer and showed signs of willingness to submit to such a test.
But the cleverness he thought was going to pull him through that test was met by science on the part of the battery men.
Perrigo's idea was to run the motor idle. He told in detail why it was not geared to go out on the streets and pull hills to show it under power. But the battery men volunteered to set the brakes until it showed a certain amperage going through, then they could estimate the length of time required to show a decrease in the battery.
Perrigo objected to wearing out his brakes, but when a brand new set of brake linings were promised to him his last excuse was gone, and besides, the group was tiring of his evasions.
The entire group moved from Mr Holland's office to the Perrigo home at 1116 Bennington Avenue. They gathered at the back door of the home where the "free energy" propelled car was stored in a basement garage. Perrigo went inside, leaving the others waiting outside.
There was a lapse of an hour. Just why Perrigo was hesitating could not be deducted by those waiting.
Finally Perrigo sent Mrs Perrigo to the back door and called for Mr Holland to come inside. At last Mr Holland reappeared and announced he had convinced Perrigo the test must proceed, but Perrigo had asked that all persons be barred from the basement except those who were present in Mr Holland's office downtown.
The first test was a test of one of the battery men. Perrigo took him to one side and asked him to be easy in making the test.
"This is a new machine", Perrigo pleaded, "and if you're to hard with me it will destroy my chances."
Then he went back to the car and objected to the electrical testing devices which the battery men had brought from their plant. The trademarks of reputable manufacturers were shown on each of the devices and all were shown to be scaled.
Next it became a question of connecting them in the right places. Perrigo actually was unable to show the men which were the proper wires, creating the doubt that he had been doing the real electrical work in his fakes and that he might have had an accomplice to do the work, while he features the sale of stock, the demonstrations and the ballyhoo.
After much sputtering of the wires, a test was obtained on the voltage going into the electric motor and it was found to be exactly that of the battery sold to Perrigo.
Another device was about to be connected in, when it became necessary for Perrigo to go upstairs to answer the telephone.
While he was gone, the reporter for The Star lifted the lid of the little compartment built at the top of the seat back. A large crack was exposed, opening into the space behind and beneath the toolbox. His arm was pushed in sideways, then by reaching far down into the open space there his hand came in contact with a dumbbell-shaped connection such as is used on ordinary batteries in motor cars.
A battery man was called and he reached into the hole. His report was that the entire set he had sold was there.
Then Perrigo returned, but not in time to find anyone searching for his batteries.
He was asked whether there was any battery about his car.
"There is not", he answered emphatically.
Then he was told about the batteries found in the concealed space and denied that such was true.
The Star reporter reached to uncover the battery and Perrigo flew at him in a rage, attacking the investigator. Perrigo was pushed back and the disclosure continued.
The Electric Storage battery men then made a thorough investigation of the battery and pronounced it to be the identical battery they had sold him two days before the big stock selling demonstration and which he said he "had given to a junk man".
The battery was disconnected and the "divine power" machine would not even start the motor. The battery men picked up their instruments to leave.
"Do you say this car is run by those batteries", Perrigo shouted at them.
"No, we do not", one of them answered. "But we do say those batteries have plenty of power to do all you have done with this car and that they furnish the identical line voltage that is coming into the motor."
Perrigo then went into the jabbering and chattering stage, insisting the car was "run just as it was Sturday" and declaring the "world was missing something".
The test came to an abrupt conclusion, with electricians and investigators shame-faced that they had been fooled at all by such a crude fake.
And those who had read Perrigo's claims that he would free them from all drudgery with free and unlimited power, cut off their fuel and ice and lighting bills, drive motor cars and trains and ships and airplanes without cost or upkeep, were given the sad news of another dream gone "blooey".
Kansas City Star (August 9, 1927) ~
"Electricity From Air A Fake"
[ Photo Not Available ]
When representatives of The Star and the Better Business Bureau called at the home of H.E. Perrigo, the inventor of high voltage air [?] yesterday afternoon, a crowd assembled to watch the fun. But Mr. Perrigo, who Saturday demonstrated his electric motor car to the world, said he couldn’t demonstrate with all that audience. He was in error. There were many little boys in the crowd who wouldn’t have asked questions.
Here is the atmospheric inductive coil which Mr. Perrigo made many believe was the source of energy for his Reo roadster. As a matter of fact, the electric motor never touched hands with this machine. Storage batteries concealed behind the seat did the work.
Kansas City Journal (August 11, 1927), p. 2 ~
"'Real Test' Is Perrigo's Aim"
But He Announces No Time For Next Demonstration Before Engineers
Other than that it will be a "real demonstration before competent engineers", H.E. Perrigo has announced no time for a further showing of his "invention", which he declares will take electrical power from the air.
Mr Perrigo apparently was encouraged last night by the faith shown in him yesterday when persons who have backed him refused to attempt to prosecute him following assertations by others that his invention is a hoax.
The test on which the hoax charges are based, he declared, was not a test at all. Those present, he said, did not give him an opportunity to make a fair demonstration and one of them was insulting and boisterous.
"No one who has helped me in my invention", he said, "will lose money. Any competent engineer will tell you sufficient storage batteries to drive a heavy motor car 40 miles an hour cannot be packed in a 28-inch space such as has been charged in regard to my car."
Mr Perrigo was vague as to the time the next demonstration will be given.
"I am willing", he said, "to strip my car down so all its parts will be revealed and let competent men judge whether the power is derived from the source I claim."
Method and Apparatus for Accumulating and Transforming Ether Electric Energy
Department of Commerce, United States Patent Office
To all persons to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy from the records of this office of the Record for the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals in the matter of the Pending Application of Harry E. Perrigo, filed December 31, 1925, Serial Number 78,719, for Improvement in Method and Apparatus for Accumulating and Transforming Ether
In testimony where of I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the Patent Office to be affixed, at the City of Washington, this first day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and thirty (1930), and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and fifty-fourth.
(Seal Patent Office, United States of America.)
THOMAS E. ROBERTSON, Commissioner of Patents.
Attest: D. E. WILSON, Chief of Division.
Application of Harry E. Perrigo. Serial No.78,719. Filed December 31, 1925.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Harry E. Perrigo, a citizen of the United States, residing at Kansas City, in the county of Jackson and State of Missouri, have invented a certain new and useful Method and Apparatus for Accumulating and Transforming Ether Electric Energy, of which the following is a complete Specification.
The existence of electric waves in the ether has been shown by Hertz. Electric disturbances in the atmosphere known as "atmospherics" are known to produce noises in the telephones of wireless, telegraph stations which in some cases drown the signals being received. Ether wave electric potential is also recognized in various forms which are known to cause disturbances in the normal operation of electric transmission and telephone systems. These forms of electric wave possess potential energy, or capacity for doing work and are commonly described as a peculiar state or stress of a medium called
The waves used in all known systems of utilizing ether waves, as for example in wireless telegraphy, are Hertzian waves artificially propagated by means of electrical apparatus.
Except when manifest as a force in electrical disturbances, the existing ether waves with an unknown potential heretofore have never been intercepted or collected and transformed into forms of electric energy suitable for doing useful work, previous to my invention and discovery of a method and apparatus for the same. By my invention electric power or energy is obtained for all purposes with out expense other than that of my method and apparatus involved and hereinafter described, for receiving and transforming this electric energy.
The invention as premised has for its objects:
First; To intercept and collect from the general ether field electric wave energy and to transform said electric energy into a form of a distributable, measurable, electromotive force.
Second; To raise the potential of these collected electric waves to a pressure sufficient for applying said waves to practical uses.
Third; A method of intercepting and transforming an electromotive force directly from the ether wave medium.
In describing the procedure of carrying out my invention, and the details of the apparatus, in one form of illustration, which form has been fully demonstrated as being capable of intercepting and transferring electric wave energy, reference is now had to the
accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is an isometric view showing the electric wave interceptor or collector mounted upon the electric transformer, also showing the current distributing connecting wires leading to a rheostat and to a series of incandescent lighting lamps.
Figure 2 is an inverted plan view of the top or positive plate of the wave interceptor, or collector, showing the series of aerial terminals or contacts and the broken or dead end or open circuit (hereinafter in most cases called "broken circuit") connections with the contacts.
Figure 3 is a plan view of the lower aerial plate of the wave collector, showing the aerial terminal contacts, and the broken circuit connections.
Figure 4 is a perforated member made of insulating material for containing the resistance coils between the, upper and lower aerial plates, showing the top member or cap of each resistance coil of the series.
Figure 4A is a transverse sectional view of the insulating member shown in Figure 4, taken through the series or perforations lowest in position in the member, on the line 4--4 of Figure 4, and shows the resistance coils in full lines.
Figure 6 is an end view of one of the resistance coils with the cap removed.
Figure 7 is a diagrammatic view of the electrical connections between the resistance coils mounted between upper and lower aerial plates.
Figure 9 is a segmental plan view of the other wave transformer, showing the coil windings.
Figure 9A shows one of the field coils in end elevation.
Figure 11 and Figure 11A are diagrammatic views of the two halves of the complete coil windings of the transformer, show- the coil windings, the cores of the windings not being shown, these halves being in separate views to facilitate showing the detail to a larger scale.
Figure 12 is a detail side view of the insulated bridges in the air gap of the transformer, and the reversed field windings, as they appear between the bridges, except where marked "open".
Referring to Figure 2 and Figure 3, the upper metal plate 20+ and the lower metal plate 21- constitute the aerials of my system of ether wave electric energy collectors, and the terminal contacts 23 on the plate 20+ and the terminal contacts 24* on the plate 21- are shown connected diagrammatically by the electrical conductors of the system. In the present illustration are shown one hundred terminal contacts, this number corresponding to the number of contacts 23, on the aerial plate 20+, and a corresponding number of terminal contacts 24* on the plate 21-, the terminal contacts or posts 23 and 24* on the respective plates being spaced equal distances from each other in rows of ten contacts in the direction of the length and width of the respective plates, and therefore have corresponding registering positions with each other.
The system of electric wave potential activity in my invention is embodied. in the rapid changes in polarity of broken electric circuits, and such a systematic arrangement of the broken circuits as will cause the ether wave potential to seek a path of lowest conductivity and not overload any one conductor, and as an example of the operation of the system the current path will be electrically traced, and the transmission of the ether wave potential followed from the source of collection to a definite electric wave energy circuit. Let 20+ indicate, with its terminal contacts, the positive source of permeability and conductibility of recognized waves of ether, which invariably act from a north to a south pole. To equalize the general dispersion of these recognized waves of ether for the purpose of effecting polarization of the potentials of the ether waves, the ether waves are
broken and with the change in direction of the wave potential, an electric potential is produced, and the waves of ether are conducted from contact to contact through a system of wiring found, by discovery, and demonstrated to be practical in operation, which produces electric energy or electromotive force between the plates 20+ and 21-, and which plates may be compounded or duplicated.
The system of broken electric circuits which provides means of obtaining the wave potential, is embodied in the system of wiring of both plates 20+ and 21-, and in the transmission of electric waves and change in polarity during their transmission from contacts on the plate 20+ to the contacts on the aerial plate 21-, the method of ether wave conductivity being absolutely collective and accumulative, showing that the difference of electrical pressure as discovered in my system is the source of electromotive force between the ether wave collecting plates 20+ and 21-.
The system of wiring of the plate 20+ will now be particularly described. It has been found that fluctuations constantly exist in the collective capacity of the aerial plates 20+ and 21-. Following the diagram of winding on the inverted top plate 20+ shown in Figure 2, the aerial terminal contacts are numbered in succession, from one to ten, beginning at the right hand end of the lower row, then for the next row from 11 to 20, beginning at the right hand of the plate, and so on to the upper row, which is numbered in the same direction from 91 to 100.
The wire connections on the top plate 20+, Figure 2, are through a conducting wire 1', one terminal of which is connected with the contact 1, and the other terminal with the terminal contact 2, and also from the contact 1, by the wire 1o, with contact 12.
Contacts 2 and 13 are similarly connected. A similar connection extends from contact 3 to contact 14. A similar connections are made from contact 3 to contact 4, from 4 to 15, 5 to 6, 5 to 15, 6 to 17, 7 to 8, 7 to 17, 9 to 18, 9 to 20, 10 to 20, 11 to 12, 12 to 23, 13 to 23, 14 to 24, 15 to 16, 16 to 26, 19 to 29, 21 to 22, 22 to 31, 22 to 32, 23 to 24, 23 to 32, 24 to 34, 25 to 26, 25 to 35, 26 to 36, 27 to 37, 27 to 38, 28 to 29, 30 to 39, 32 to 41, 32 to 42, 33 to 34, 33 to 44, 36 to 37, 36 to 47, 38 to 48, 40 to 49, 41 to 52, 42 to 43, 45 to 54, 45 to 56, 46 to 47, 46 to 56, 47 to 57, 50 to 59, 51 to 52, 51 to 61, 52 to 53, 53 to 54, 55 to 64, 55 to 65, 56 to 57, 58 to 69, 60 to 70, 61 to 62, 63 to 64, 64 to 75, 65 to 76, 66 to 67, 66 to 76, 67 to 76, 68 to 77, 68 to 78, 68 to 79, 70 to 79, 71 to 72, 71 to 81, 72 to 81, 73 to 82, 73 to 84, 74 to 83, 74 to 85, 75 to 85, 75 to 86, 76 to 87, 77 to 78, 78 to 88, 78 to 79, 80 to 89, 81 to 91, 82 to 83, 83 to 92, 83 to 94, 84 to 95, 96 to 96, 86 to 97, 87 to 88, 87 to 98, 88 to 89, 88 to 98, 88 to 99, 90 to 99, 99 to 100, 92 to 93, 94 to 95, 95 to 96, 98 to 99.
The lower plate 21-, as seen in Figure 3, includes the upwardly extending terminal contacts precisely the same in number and position as upon the plate 20+, the contacts being numbered in successive order from 1 to 100 reversed as to the same characters on the plate 21-, and beginning with the contact at the lower row of contacts and at the left hand corner of the plate 20+ and indicating said contacts 1-2-3-4 and so on to 10, then beginning at the left and numbering from 11 to 21 and continuing in said order to the upper row which are numbered from 91 to 100.
The wiring system of. plate 21- is in broken circuits, as on the plate 20+, the direction of the wires being traced from the contacts at which the terminals of a broken circuit ends, and which will now be tabulated, the ether wave conducting broken circuit wires being charged from their respective aerial contacts.
The wires are traced on the plate 21-, from terminal contact 1, through a straight wire 1x having one terminal integral with the contact and its other terminal connected directly with the terminal contact 11.
Then through like conducting wires connections are made from contact 2 to contact 3- and from contact 4 to contact 5-, contact 4 to 13, 5 to 6, 5 to 14, 7 to 8, 7 to 16, 8 to 9, 8 to 17, 8 to 18, 9 to 18, 10 to 20, 12 to 13, 13 to 22, l3 to 24, 14 to 23, 15 to 24, 15 to 25, 16 to 25, 17 to 26, 18 to 27, 19 to 38, 21 to 22, 24 to 34, 25 to 34, 26 to 35, 26 to 36, 26 to 37, 27 to 28, 28 to 29, 31 to 32, 31 to 41, 33 to 34, 35 to 45, 36 to 37, 37 to 48, 39 to 48, 40 to 50, 41 to 42, 42 to 43, 42 to 51, 43 to 44, 44 to 55, 46 to 47, 46 to 55, 46 to 56, 47 to 57, 48 to 59, 49 to 60, 51 to 62, 52 to 53, 54 to 63, 54 to 65, 56 to 57, 57 to 66, 58 to 68, 59 to 70, 61 to 72, 62 to 73, 63 to 64, 64 to 74, 65 to 66, 65 to 75, 66 to 67, 66 to 76, 67 to 77, 68 to 77, 69 to 80, 71 to 72, 71 to 81, 73 to 74, 73 to 82, 73 to 83, 74 to 84, 75 to 77, 76 to 86, 76 to 87, 78 to 79, 79 to 89, 81 to 82, 82 to 91 83 to 92, 84 to 93, 85 to 96, 85 to 94, 87 to 96, 87 to 97, 88 to 99, 90 to 100, 90 to 99. Where there is no outgoing wire from one to another terminal contact, a broken circuit occurs on both upper and lower plates.
Between the plate 20+ and plate 21- is an insulated member 22p composed of a block of fibrous material in which are a series of vertical openings 22x, these openings being the same in number as the contacts on the plates 20+ and 21- and in the same vertical positions, so that there is an exact registration of openings and terminal contacts. In these openings, are the series of transmission resistance coils 25x, one of which is shown enlarged, for illustration, in Figure 5 and Figure 6.
These coils are composed severally of a series of straight wires 25*, starting from a group of central wires around. which other wires are wound, to form a body slightly less in circumference than the openings 22' in the fibre block 22o. At the upper ends of the wires 25 is attached a copper metal cap 25", and at the lower ends a metal cap 25o. Around these wires, beginning close to the top plate 25', fine insulated wire 26' is connected at one end to one of the wires 25*, and the other end coiled about the collected wires 25* winding the wire to the right and its terminal secured at its lower end to the same upright wire 25* from which the winding wire started thus forming a resistance coil, its right hand winding of the coil, as seen in Figure 4A and Figure 5, being upon coils in which a resistance is interposed between the contacts from a north to a south pole transmission of the electric wave potentials, and these coils arranged in the series being positioned, in the fibre block, as seen in Figure 4A, the change of the polarity of the wave potentials being through the short circuit wires on the plates 20+, 21-, so that wherever the short circuit occurs there is a rapid change of polarity, the activity being greatest in the coils of the least resistance.
Each resistance coil is of a determinate length, and, as seen in Figure 4A, leaving a space of the approximate distance from the cap plate 25" upwardly to the line of the upper surface of the insulated member 22o co-equal with the posts or terminal contacts 23" on the aerial plate 20+, and from the line of the cap 25o on the lower end of the resistance coils, to the lower surface of the insulated member 22o similar spaces are provided, so that when the upper and lower plates are assembled, the posts or contacts 23* on the upper plate 20+ enter the spaces and come into contact with the caps 25" of the respective resistance’ coils, and the terminal contacts or posts 24* enter the spaces beneath the lower caps 25o of the respective resistance coils, and come into contact therewith, as seen in the sectional view in Figure 8, leaving between said plates and the insulated member, passages 20x, 21x, for air gaps, respectively.
When thus assembled, the groups of broken circuits of the plate 20+ contain an electric potential opposed to the electric potential contained in the group of broken circuits of the plate 21-. As these electric potentials are waves of impulse from a south to a north pole intensity, and there is a constant polarization and depolarization of the electric ether waves, in other words, a pressure sufficient to cause an electromotive force is discovered in the field of the plates 20+, 21-.
A force existing in space and collected therefrom, is the supreme power residing in the electric potential, in an interrupted path, with a rapid change of potentials, and has been utilized in my invention, and its development is further illustrated in Figure 7 of the drawings, which show the plates 20+, 21-, in their relative opposite positions, and with the contacts on the respective plates 20+, 21-, in contact with the caps of the respective resistance coils, the plate 20+ being prismatic, showing the posts or terminal contacts on the said plate, and broken, circuits on both plates 20+, 21-, the wire connections on the plate 21- being shown in dotted lines.
Let the resistance coils 25x, of the collector, in electrical connection with the contacts 1-- 1 on the respective plates 20+, 21-, indicate the lines of force passing from contact to contact, the said plates 20+, 21-, with their contacts being the terminals of serials through which the electric ether is collected. The winding of these coils are all similar and wound so that the flow of the medium around the coils is from the upper terminal of the coil, which is a north pole, and toward the lower terminal or south pole.
The aerials collect and transmit a flow of the ether or wave energy through the conductors from what ever direction the potentials of the ether are collected, and obtain a pressure of sufficient force to effect a movement in the direction of the least resistance from north to south, through the resistance coils 1 to 100, transmitting a flow of the ether medium or wave energy between all of the contacts on the plates 20+, 21-, the flow being governed by the lines of the least resistance, there following two pressures between the north and south poles of the first coil, the pressures being of opposite potentials, and caused by the
opposite polarity of the coils, and the electromotive force thus produced between the plates 20+, 21-, is constant, one line of force being broken by a line of force of a different potential, and these forces all tending toward a common polarity, while producing an electromotive force, in the opposing resistances of these opposite wave potentials. The method of obtaining electric energy as above described, resides in reciprocal lines of force being established by means of such broken circuits and resistances, as are found by practical results to produce an amperage of current or wave energy, and as the action of
the collective broken circuits with reversed polarities produce positive electromotive force, the outgoing conductor 101, leading from the aerial terminal contact 91 on the plate 20+ and the outgoing conductor 102 from the aerial terminal contact 100 on the aerial plate 21-, are connected to the outer magnetizing coil windings of the ether wave transformer, and electric energy is thus obtained.
The amperage of the current or electromotive force collected or accumulated by the ether wave collector is of low intensity, and for the purpose of increasing this intensity, so that the electromotive force may be brought up to a commercial standard, this force is collected and regenerated, one factor being supplemented by another, until the electromotive force is built up to the standard of electromotive force required; that is, the principle within the collector (in the collection of the electromotive force) is applied in a larger degree to the ether transformer, the transformer being the adjunct to the collector, one feeding a low potential to the transformer, which increases this potential of the collector to a higher potential, a dependency existing in the ether transformer upon the collector.
This ether wave transformer 103 is designed with a series of outer magnetizing circuits, which are charged by electricity from the collector, which energize series of inner cores to a greater or less magnetic density, the inner cores being insulated by an air gap from the outer magnetic circuit, and electric current being generated in the central coils, the current flowing through the various coils responding upon the reaction in each circuit, which reaction is least in coils 1 to 8 inclusive, Figure 11A, and greatest in coils 25 to 32 inclusive.
The formation of these central coils will now be defined with reference to Figure 9, Figure10, Figure 11, and Figure 11A of the drawings, Figure 11 and Figure 11A being read together, the connections being shown in full lines at the top of the coil, and in dotted lines at the bottom.
With reference to the plan views of the enlarged segmental portions of the coil, in Figure 9 and Figure 10 of the drawings, respectively, it will be observed that these views show the windings and the vertical wires or cores, while the diagrammatic views Figure 11 and Figure 11A omit these vertical wires, in order to better illustrate the controlling equalizing reactances, by
means of which the electric output of the ether wave transformer is increased to the full load required.
All of the windings of the coil 103 are concentric with a central fibre core piece O, at the center of the ether transformer, around which the first series of vertical core wires 1' or pins, as seen in Figure 9 and Figure 10, are arranged in close order, and around said wires or pins 1` the first winding 1 is made, beginning at the top surface of the fibre base 104 and winding the wire circuitously to the right, around these vertical wires or pins 1', building up the coil to the height of these wires or pins 1' (see Figure 9A).
Outside of the winding 1 is placed another row of vertical wires or pins 2', around which the coil winding 2 is built up from the fibre base 104, to the height of said wires or pins 1'. Then around said wire coil winding 2 is arranged a series of vertical wires 3', and around these vertical wires is made another coil winding 3, and thus continued in the same manner from the coil winding 1, to coil winding 32, outside of which winding is the air gap 32`. Against this winding 32 are positioned the angle or bridge plates 32o, which are arranged at equal distances apart, in the direction of the circumference of the coil 103-, and are insulated from the coil winding 32-. These series of coil windings, which are the transformer windings, are wound to the right, as seen in Figure 8A [Missing]. In the air gap, arc located the magnetizing coils arranged with alternate north and south polarity, the air gap being divided in the circumference of the transformer by bridges, spaced equal distances apart, in which spaces are magnetic coils 109, insulated from the bridges, as seen in Figure 12.
The terminal of this magnetizing coil, extends downwardly in the air gap to the bottom and through the next bridge to the right and the coil wound to form a reverse south pole winding S2, which is indicated by the character S2, the wiring being continued to the right, and in the direction of the upper end of the coil through the next bridge, and another coil formed, indicated by the character N3, the wiring being so c6ntinued to the right through the next bridge, and in succession between the bridges to a point about one-half the distance circumferentially of the ether transformer; from the first open space mentioned, at which point is seen a space marked "open" -- and from the bridge on the far side of this space, a new coil begins, starting from an upper portion of the bridge and forming a right hand coil and the coil next to the bridge reversed. The coils are then continued between the bridges, until the bridge is reached on the left hand side of the open space first mentioned.
Outside of the air gaps, the excitation coil winding of the ether transformer is placed, the first two coils 33 and 34, being heavy, or of a larger gauge than the preceding windings from 1 to 32.
The vertical core wires outside of the coil 33 are also of increased size, as seen in Figure 9. Continuing the winding of the excitation coils in a series of eight windings from 33 to 40 inclusive, it will be observed that the vertical core wires or pins between the respective windings from 37 to 40 are of a large capacity, several times larger in diameter than the pins between the windings from 1 to 32.
The current from the aerial plate 20+ of the collector is conducted through the terminal 101 leading from said plate to a position, as seen in Figure 11A, and is connected with the coil 39 of the excitation winding of the ether wave transformer. The conductor 102 leading from the collector plate 21- of the ether wave transformer, is connected with the outer coil 40 of the excitation winding of the ether wave transformer.
The coils of the excitation circuits are connected in series as follows: The outer coil 40 is connected by the conductor 40' with the coil 34, and the coil 39 through the conductor 39` with the coil 33. The coil 38 is connected by the conductor 38 with the conductor 34. The coil 37 is connected through the conductor 37' with the magnetic coil 33. The coil 36 is connected through the conductor 36' with the coil 33, and the coil 35 is connected by the conductor 35' with the coil windings 34, thereby connecting all of the excitation coil windings from the inner to the outer coil windings 33 to 40 inclusive.
One end of an insulated bus rod 41 is connected with coil 33 of the excitation circuits, and the other end extends above and is connected to coils 1 to 8. Bus rod 42 is connected to coil 34 and extends to the bottom of coils 1 to 8. In a like manner, bus rods 43 and 44, 45 and 46, 47 and 48, are connected to their respective groups of coils, as shown in Figure11 and Figure11A.
Between coils 32 and 33 is provided a space for the poles the ether wave transformer, the said space in this case being separated into twenty-six divisions, although any even number of poles might be used. Each pole space is separated by non-magnetic bridges 32o, two of the said spaces lying upon opposite sides of the transformer, and upon opposite sides of a line intersecting with the axis of said transformer, being marked "open". The other twenty-four pole spaces arc in this case divided into four groups of six each. The first space adjoining one of the spaces marked "open" contains an iron core wound with an excitation winding, as further herein illustrated, the excitation winding being wound to produce magnetic lines of force from north to south, and in the next space to the right there is a similar core wound to produce magnetic lines of force from south to north, and so on in succession, the sixth space having a coil marked S6, or south-sixth it being premised that these coils are independent of, and insulated from, the bridges and located as shown in Figure 12, in which one of the bridges adjacent the space marked "open" is shown in detail, comprising a vertical non-magnetic web extending from the line of the top of the ether wave transformer to the insulated base 104 and provided with the flanges 106- and 107, both insulated from the respective coils 32 and 33 on opposite sides of the pole space.
The system of wiring involved in the aforesaid excitation winding in one completed circuit may be electrically defined as the magnetic field excitation and regulation circuit, which can be traced as follows: Beginning with bus coil 33, the bus rod 41 is shown connected to each of the eight terminal contacts marked by the characters Pl, P2, P3, P4, P5, P6, P7 and P8, which are connected respectively, to each of the coils one to eight of the ether wave transformer, and the lower terminals of each of these coils are connected in reverse order to contacts marked N, from which points the circuit divides into two paths, one leading through field coils, and one to bus rod 42, which is connected at its outer end to the bus coil 44 from contacts marked P1, P2, P3, P4, P5, P6, P7 and P8, the group of connections 82 lead to terminals 86 the field excitation windings successively on fields S6, N5, S4, N3, S2 and N1, from which the winding terminates, and is brought out at the bottom and connected at 84 to a series of eight wires, the group being indicated by the character 83 and shown in dotted lines, these eight wires terminated at contacts marked N, from which points the circuit is completed through bus rod 42, to bus coil 34, specifically the insulated field coils to the right of the space marked "open", and near the bus rod 42, and are connected with the terminal of an electric conducting wire 85 (see Figure 12), forming’ in said space a right hand coil N-1, from which the end of tile wire emerges from the lower portion of the coil, and is extended through an insulated opening 111, in the web of the bridge supporting plate 110, --thence extended upwardly within the next space of air gap to the like coil in said space, and through opening at the upper end of said plate, thence to opening in the opposite plate, forming a left hand coil S-2, and so continued downwardly, the winding being to the left, changing the polarity of the coil. At the lower end of plate 110 the end of the wire emerges, and is then extended through an insulated opening in the next bridge supporting like coils, the winding of the coil in the next space being similar in which the windings are wound to the right, and in the next space to the left, and so continued, these coils being designated in Figure 11A as N1 (north 1), the next S1 (south 1). the next N^2, the character numerals 1 to 6 indicating the spaces of the air gap, the last space in the series of six coils being a south pole winding, indicated by reference numerals S-6. In this latter magnetic coil, the wire is extended upwardly as indicated at 86, and with said wire is connected the terminal contacts of the group of conducting wires 82 leading from the terminal contacts on the inner end of the bus rod 41- hence completing the winding of the divisional six spaces of the twenty four, and from this connection 86 the wire is extended through an insulated opening into the first divided space of the next series of six spaces of the air gap, where the end of the wire is given a right hand, winding, and the magnetic coils thence continued as before described.
The connections upon the other portions of the coil are as follows:
Upon the lower side of the generator coil, and upon the same radius as the bus rod 41, is a bus rod 43, which is connected at its outer end with excitation coil 34 of the transformer and its inner end with the respective coils 9-10-11-12-13-14-15 and 16 of the ether transformer. With this bus rod at the points of connection of said rod with the aforesaid coil windings, are connected the terminal contacts of a group No, of wires 87, which are connected with the end of the wire in the space past which the bus rod 43 extends, and a north pole magnetic winding formed in said space.
The next bus rod 44, above the last space of the divided air gap of the next series of six spaces, is connected with the pole of the magnetic coil winding 33 of the transformer, at one end, and at the other end with the poles of the coils 9 to 16 inclusive. With the bus rod at the points of connection with the respective coils are connected the terminal contacts P16 of a series or group of conducting wires 85 from 9 to 16 inclusive the outer numerals being connected with the south pole windings in the space of the air gaps below said bus rod.
With the group of terminal contacts N10, on the bus rod 43, are connected the upper ends of a group of conducting wires 88, the upper ends of the wires being extended upwardly, and connected in an inverse order with the group of contacts P16. The next bus rod or wire is positioned upon the other half of the ether transformer, and upon the lower side, and indicated by the reference numeral 45. This bus rod is connected at its outer end with the pole windings 34, and at its inner end with the coil windings 17 to 24 inclusive, and with which windings are connected the terminal contacts 20 of a group of eight wires leading to and connected with the north pole magnet winding wire in the space past which the bus rod extends.
The next bus rod 46 is above the top of the transformer, and is connected with the pole of the excitation coil winding 33 of the magnetic circuit of . the transformer, and at its inner end with the series of coils 17 to 24 inclusive, with which bus rod are connected the series of terminal, contacts P24 of the group of eight wires P25 leading to and connected with the south pole windings in the sixth space of the divided air gap over which the bus rod 46 extends.
With the terminal contacts N20 are connected the lower ends of the series of wires N21, the other, ends being extended upwardly and connected in inverse order with the terminal contacts 24.
The next bus rod 47 is extended beneath the coils of the transformer, the outer end being connected with the pole of the coil 34, and its inner end connected with the eight coil windings 25 to 32 inclusive.
With the bus rod 47, above these coil windings, are connected the terminal contacts of a group of eight wires 22, the other ends being connected with the coil winding in the first space of the air gap, past which the bus rod 47 extends.
The next bus rod 48 extends upon the top of the transformer, and extends over the sixth space of the air gap. In the fourth quarter of the circumference of the transformer, and is connected at its outer end with the pole or the coil 33 of the magnetic circuits, and at its inner ends, with the poles of the eight to coils 25 to 32 inclusive.
With the said bus rod are connected the terminal contacts of a series or group of eight wires P26 connected with the south pole coil winding in the sixth space aforesaid, and with the contact terminals of the group of wires N22, are connected the ends of a group of eight wires P27, their upper ends being connected in reverse order with the terminal contacts of the wires P26 on the respective coils 32 to 25 respectively.
The description being now completed of the magnetic excitation coil windings, and of the magnetic field coil wire regulation, which latter it will be observed are arranged for the excitation of any portion of the ether transformer, from the magnetic circuit to the coil windings 1 to 32 from the consumption of the current obtaining the full self induction action or current generating capacity of the transformer, the magnetic circuits being traced in like manner as first described.
The ether wave collector, as arranged in conjunction with the ether wave transformer, before described, and for practical operation, is as seen in Figure 1, the lower plate 21 of the collector resting upon insulating cross bars 113-116 which extend across the top of the transformer 103. In this position of the collector, it will be seen that the current conducting wires are in the form of bars, the upper end of the bar 118 being connected with the plate of the collector, and the lower end extended downwardly and insulated from plate 21 and bent inwardly and thence downwardly into contact with the excitation winding of the outer excitation coil 40 of the magnetic circuits.
The feed wires for current distribution are connected with the coils of the magnetic excitation circuit, like terminal of one wire indicated by the character 117, being connected with the pole of the coil 33 of the transformer 103, opposite the space of the divided air gap marked "open" and first alluded to in the description of the first series of six spaces of the air gap of the transformer.
The other wire 118 has its inner terminal connected with the coil winding 34 of the magnetic field upon the reverse portion of the transformer.
The outer portions of these feed wires 117 and 118 connect with a double pole switch 120, which makes contact with the conducting wires 121-122 of the rheostat controller 124.
With the rheostat are connected the inner terminals of the conducting wires 125 and 126, the outer terminals being connected in parallel with the lamp circuit upon the socket board 127, in, which are shown the incandescent lamps 128 in series, in the incandescent circuit.
It is obvious that the outgoing feed wires may be connected with the fields of a motor and electric energy transmitted at high and low velocity as the load of the motor increases, or vice versa, as the increase in the number of incandescent lamps are increased, to excite the magnetic circuits of the transformer, the efficiency of which will now be described in connection with the collector of ether wave medium.
The electromotive force of the current from the ether wave aerial collector flows or is conducted by the conductors 101 and 102, whose terminals are connected with the aerial plates 20+, 21-, respectively, and also with the coil windings 39 and 40, respectively, of the ether wave transformer. The current flowing in the magnetic circuit of the coils energizes conductors 39', 40', magnetizing coil windings 33 and 34 respectively, and these coils 33 and 34 energize the magnetic coils 37 and 38, through the conductors 37', 38' respectively, and the coils 35 and. 36 are energized through the conductors 35', 36' respectively, from the coils 33 and 35 respectively, and the whole magnetic circuit from 33 to 40 are energized. The current then flows through the bus rods to the coil near the center of the transformer which has the least resistance, which as indicated the first coil, outward from the insulated core piece O.
The current generated and flowing through the bus rod is generating an electromagnetic force in the magnetic circuit.
The coil energized has a return through the bus rod 43- to the magnetic circuit to its bus coil 34, and the electromotive lines of force are impeded by changes in the lines of force which cause fluctuations in the change of polarity.
The double pole switch 120 being thrown to bring into contact the outgoing feed wire terminals of the feed wires 117-118, with the conducting wires 121-122 of the rheostatic controller 124, the current of the required force is transmitted by the conductors 125-126 to the series of incandescent lamps 128.
The transformer now in use by myself for service lighting is now connected with a lighting circuit now in operation.
The electromotive force of the transformer being increased, by the amount of load, increases the flow of the current through the first magnetizing coil of the transformer from 1 to 8, setting up new lines of electromotive force, the potentials of which in moving toward the lines of the least resistance, meet a change in lines of force through the reversed group of wires 84, at the same time generating a larger magnetic electromotive force in a reverse movement by the path of the bus rod 41, which being met by an increase of the lines of magnetic force from the magnetic coils, acts to control the movement of the current, while generating in the collision of these lines of force a higher electromotive force, involving the magnetic coils in the spaces from 1 to 6 inclusive, of the air gap, the current now flowing through the magnetic coil during its flow from the group of conductors 83, to the conductors in the space S6 in the first series of six spaces of the air gap, the current flowing through the magnetic wiring by the conductor 85, in the space marked N1, thence through the magnetic winding S2 in the next space, thence through the magnetic windings N2 in the next space, thence through to magnetic winding S4 in the next space, thence through the magnetic winding N5 in the next space, thence through the magnetic windings N6 in the next space, at which point, the current whose fluctuations have been regulated in rapid changes of polarity, with increased electromotive force, flows with an inductive force through the bus rod to energize the series of coils from 1 to 8, it being observed that in my transformer the electromotive force is being from magnetizing coil 1 to 32 respectively until an increased load is thrown on the transformer, increasing the magnetic lines of force of the coils of the transformer, when the inductive force is set up in the magnetic circuits through conductors 37', 35', involving a generation of current which finds its path through bus rod 44, and bringing into circuit the next 8' coils of the transformer where the lines of force in the correction of the poles of the group of wires 81 are subjected to a change of polarization and depolarization through one or more of the wires 88, setting up additional electromotive force, its fluctuations being made constant through the magnetic field coils in the spaces of the air gap from 1 to 6 in the next quarter division of the transformer, and as the load further increases so as to involve the magnetic circuits 33 and 35, the flow of the current is inducted through the conductors 35x, 36', through the bus rod 46, taking the electromagnetic force from the excitation from all the coils of the transformer, whose potentials follow the group of conductors which lead to the next series of coil windings 16 to 24, flowing through the reversely connected group of wires N21, and is then conducted through the series of magnetic coils in the nex t series of coils respectively.
As the load increases, the Principal magnetic coils shown in heavy lines in Figure 11 and Figure 11A in the last distribution of current, flows from the dense coil 32, energizing bus rod 48, and also energizing the series of eight coils of the transformer from 1 to 32 inclusive, the current flowing through the reversely connected conductors P27 through magnetizing field coils, cutting the line of force and creating an electromotive force the current flowing through the fourth division of the six spaces of the air gap, and the magnetizing field coils in said series, in which the fluctuations of the current are made constant and the full distribution of the current is now attained from each portion of the transformer, in which portions, while the electromotive force is increased to meet the demands of the load, a constant regulation is being effected in the excitation coils and through the magnetizing field coils, impeding the lines of least resistance which are afforded a compensating resistance in proportion to the load cut in and out through the rheostatic controller, hence, as the electromagnetic force of the transformer is increased to supply the electromotive force required, the accumulation of the ether waves in the collector produces an electromotive force of undiminished quantity, this result being a new discovery of far reaching benefit to mankind, involving as it does the inceptive potency of electric energy for all, purposes, evolved from the general ether wave field of electric medium by me.
Having fully described my invention, what I now claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
1. The production and generation of an electromotive force from the accumulation of the ether waves of an unknown potential, from the general field of ether wave electric medium.
2. The production and generation of an electromotive force, from the accumulation of the potentials of ether waves of electric medium, and their polarization into electromotive force constant.
3. A source of electromotive force, comprising an inductive polarization and depolarization of the pulsating waves of ether, from the ether wave potential of the ether wave electric medium.
4. The production and generation of an electromotive force, consisting of the accumulation of the ether waves of the general electric ether wave medium, and changing their potentials in the paths of broken circuits of opposite polarity, and polarizing and depolarizing the wave potentials and subjecting the energized potentials to a transmission through magnetic circuits.
5. A source of electric motive force, comprising the inductive ether wave potentials of the ether wave medium, whose potentials are changed through resistances in their paths, and then polarized and depolarized in transmission.
6. The method described of producing an electromotive force, consisting in collecting the ether waves from the general field of electric medium, their potentials changing within broken circuits, then through polarized resistances.
7. The method described of producing an electromotive force, consisting in collecting the ether waves from the general field of electric medium, changing their potentials, transmitting them within broken circuits, polarizing and depolarizing the potentials and through polarized resistances in magnetic circuits.
8. The method herein described of producing an electromotive force, consisting in collecting and accumulating the ether waves from the general field of electric ether wave medium, changing their potentials and transmitting these potentials within broken circuits, polarizing and depolarizing these potentials in a transmission through polarized resistances in magnetic circuits of reversing polarities.
9. The method herein described of producing an electromotive force constant,m consisting in collecting and accumulating the ether waves from the general field of electric ether wave medium, changing their potentials and transmitting these potentials within paths of broken circuits, changing their potentials and polarizing and depolarizing these potentials and transmitting them through polarized resistances, thence through magnetic circuits in which circuits the polarities are changed according to the electromotive force.
10. The method and apparatus herein described, for collecting from the general ether field, of electric medium, of electric ether waves or ether in an accumulative, distributable, measurable, electromotive force.
11. The method. and apparatus herein described, for collecting from the general ether field of electric medium of the wave potentials, and breaking up the lines of force of these potentials to produce an electromotive force.
12. The method and apparatus herein described for collecting and accumulating from the general field of electric medium of ether waves of unknown polarity and converting these waves into lines of electromotive force of constant polarity.
13. The method and apparatus herein described for collecting and accumulating from the general field of electric medium, of ether waves of unknown polarity from aerials of opposite polarity, transmitting these waves through broken conductors in groups of broken circuits in electrical contact with the aerials, then through polarized resistances in electrical contact with the conductors in the broken circuits.
14. The method and apparatus herein described for collecting and accumulating from the general ether field of electric medium of the ether waves, consisting in establishing a conductivity of the wave medium between aerial conductors in parallel, and conducting the ether wave from conductors through groups of broken circuits in electric connection with the terminals of the aerials, and interposing polarized resistances between the terminals of the aerial conductors.
15. The method and apparatus herein described for collecting and accumulating from the general ether field of electric medium of unknown polarity, of ether waves of electromotive force, consisting in conducting the lines of force of the ether electric waves through aerials and within groups of broken circuits, and breaking up the lines of force, then reversing the polarity of these potentials through the medium of polarized resistances.
16. The method and apparatus herein described for collecting and accumulating from the general ether field of electric medium, of an amperage of electromotive force, and increasing its lines of force in a transformer of magnetic lines of force.
17. A collector of ether electric waves, consisting of aerial conductors, and a group or groups of wave polarizing and depolarizing broken circuits leading therefrom, and polarized resistances so related to the broken circuits as to break up the potentials of the ether medium.
18. A collector of ether electric waves, consisting of aerial conductors, and a group or groups of wave polarizing and depolarizing broken circuits in wave transmitting connection with the terminals of the aerial conductors, and polarized resistances in the path of the electric medium at the terminals of the aerials.
19. A collector of the ether electric waves, consisting of aerial conductors, and terminal contacts and broken wave group or groups of conductors polarizing and depolarizing connected with the terminal contacts.
20. A collector of ether electric waves, consisting of aerial conductors of the potentials of the electric waves, and opposing group or groups of wave polarizing and depolarizing broken conductors, in wave transmitting connection with the terminals of the aerial conductors, and polarized resistances connecting the group or groups of broken circuits and insulated therefrom.
21. A collector and accumulator of the ether electric waves, consisting of wave inductive aerial plates, and terminal contacts in opposite wave transmitting positions.
22. A collector and accumulator of the ether electric waves, consisting of wave inductive aerial plates, each plate having a series of terminal contacts in registering positions, and polarizing and depolarizing conductors in broken circuits carried by the terminal contacts on each plate, and wave transmitting polarized resistances connecting the registering contacts.
23. A collector and accumulator of the ether electric waves, consisting of separate wave inductive aerial plates, and a series of terminal contacts on each plate in registering positions to each other respectively, means for insulating one plate from the other, and a group or groups of conductors in broken circuits on each plate, in wave transmitting connection with the terminal contacts, and polarized resistances connecting the contact on the other plate.
24. A collector and accumulator of the ether electric waves, consisting of separate wave inductive aerial plates, and a series of terminal contacts on each plate, an insulating member between the said plates provided with openings registering with and admitting said terminal contacts, polarized resistance coils in said openings connected with the respective contacts on the separate plates, and wave polarizing group or groups of broken conductors on said terminal contacts.
25. An apparatus for the collecting, accumulating and accreting, the ether electric wave energy, comprising inductors of the ether electric waves, circuit breaking polarizers and depolarizers of the electric waves, potentials changing elements connecting the broken circuits, and magnetic circuits, and polarizing and depolarizing current transmitters in the magnetic circuits.
26. A collector and accumulator of the ether electric waves, and a transformer of increased energy of electromotive force, from the amperage of wave energy transmitted from the accumulator.
27. An ether wave transformer of electromotive force, comprising magnetic circuits, and polarizing and depolarizing circuits controlling the magnetic circuits.
28. An ether wave transformer of electromotive force, and magnetic circuits of increased activity without the main body, and an air gap between, and polarizing and depolarizing circuits connecting the poles of the magnetic circuits of the main body, with
the poles of the magnetic circuits of the outer body, and electrically controlled thereby.
29. A collector and accumulator of the ether electric waves, and magnetic circuits energized by the polarized and depolarized ether waves from the accumulator.
30. An ether wave transformer of electromotive force, comprising an internal body of magnetic circuits, and an external body of magnetic circuits of increased magnetic intensity to that of the internal body, and an air gap between, conductors connecting the magnetic poles of the terminal body with the magnetic poles of the outer body, and groups of polarizing and depolarizing circuits connecting the conductors of these poles with each other, and polarized, resistances in the air gap connected with the polarizing and depolarizing circuits.
31. An ether wave transformer of electromotive force, comprising a series of internal magnetic circuits, and a series of external magnetic circuits, and an air gap between, conductors connecting the poles of the external magnetic circuits with the poles of the internal magnetic circuits in progressive degrees of electric induction, and polarizing and depolarizing circuits connected with the terminal contacts of the conductors with the poles of the magnetic internal circuits with each other in reverse order, and conductors leading from said poles to the air gap and polarized resistances connected with the polarizing and depolarizing circuits within the air gap.
32. An ether wave transformer of electromotive force, comprising an internal body of magnetic circuits, and an external body of increased magnetic intensity, to the internal body, and having an air gap between, insulated means connecting the internal and external bodies of magnetic circuits, and conductors connecting the poles of the internal and external magnetic circuits in progressive degrees of electric induction, and polarizing and depolarizing circuits connecting the conductors from the poles of the magnetic circuits in series, and series of polarizing and depolarizing circuits connecting said series of conductors in reverse order, and polarized resistance coils in the air gap insulated from the magnetic circuits and connecting electrically the series of reversed polarizing and depolarizing circuit from the magnetic circuits.
33. The herein described method of producing electromotive force between the poles of a transmission resistance coil.
34. The herein described method of producing electromotive force from the ether waves of electric medium between the lines of force passing through the poles of a transmission resistance coil.
35. The herein described method of producing electromotive force from the aerials of conductors of ether wave electric medium, by changing their potentials during the transmission of the lines of force through wave transmission resistances.
36. The herein described method of producing electromotive force conducted through the aerials of the ether wave electric medium consisting in changing their potentials through broken conductors in contact with the aerials and during transmission of the lines of force through wave transmission resistance coils.
In witness whereof I hereunto affix my signature:
Harry E. Perrigo
Figure 1: Isometric view showing the electric wave interceptor or collector mounted upon the electric transformer, also showing the current distributing connecting wires leading to a rheostat and to a series of incandescent lighting lamps.
Figure 2: Inverted plan view of the top or positive plate of the wave interceptor, or collector, showing the series of aerial terminals or contacts and the broken or dead end or open circuit (hereinafter in most cases called "broken circuit") connections with the contacts.
Figure 4: Perforated member made of insulating material for containing the resistance coils between the, upper and lower aerial plates, showing the top member or cap of each resistance coil of the series.
mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;margin-left:1.0in">Figure 4A: Transverse sectional view of the insulating member shown in Figure 4, taken through the series or perforations lowest in position in the member, on the line 4--4 of Figure 4, and shows the resistance coils in full lines.
Figure 8: Transverse vertical sectional view of the complete ether wave collector, taken on the line 8--8 in Figure 7.
Figure 11:Diagrammatic views of the two halves of the complete coil windings of the transformer, show- the coil windings, the cores of the windings not being shown, these halves being in separate views to facilitate showing the detail to a larger scale.
Figure 11A: Diagrammatic views of the two halves of the complete coil windings of the transformer, show- the coil windings, the cores of the windings not being shown, these halves being in separate views to facilitate showing the detail to a larger scale.
Figure 12: Detail side view of the insulated bridges in the air gap of the transformer, and the reversed field windings, as they appear between the bridges, except where marked "