Old & New Sci-Tech News
( May 2013 )
"A" is for ...
ANGUS, Neil : ElectroMagnetic Engine
Device Catagory: Electr.
Inventor Address: 228 Hendricks
Way, Sebring, FL 33870
Date First Demo: circa 1980
Abstract -- An electromagnetic engine and method capable of
producing a high amount of mechanical power at a high efficiency.
An electromagnet or piston operates within a cylinder having a
stepped bore therein. The cylinder reciprocates while the piston
only pivots. The power stroke occurs for a short duration midway
between a top dead center position and a bottom dead center
position. Axial magnetic forces are used to impart axial motion to
the cylinder which causes rotation of the crankshaft. A plate is
positioned within the cylinder up against the step. When the plate
is in close proximity to the piston or electromagnet, and the
centerline of the cylinder is at a right angle to the throw of the
crankshaft, the electromagnet is energized. Sequential
energization of each of a plurality of piston-cylinder
combinations occurs during each crankshaft rotation.
Inventors: Angus; Neil H. (Sebring, FL)
Assignee: Angus Motor Corporation (Fort Lauderdale, FL)
Current U.S. Class: 310/24; 310/34; 310/35
Intern'l Class: H02K 041/00
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates in general to the field of magnetic
energy-conversion devices, and in particular to apparatus for
converting magnetic energy created by electricity into rotating
2. Description of the Prior Art
The creation of magnetic energy by electricity is well known in
the art. The most prevalent use of such energy is, of course, by
electric motors. The direct use of such energy, however, is
somewhat limited in industry to those applications where, for
example, the magnetic attraction forces are used to lift objects
or to separate magnetic particles from compounds containing both
magnetic and nonmagnetic particles. A more prevalent direct use of
magnetic energy is found wherever electrical solenoids are used.
Such usage comprises making and breaking electrical contacts,
opening and closing valves, and hot-melt glue guns or other such
applications where a predetermined amount of a product is
dispensed upon demand or at specific time intervals. More
recently, the field created by magnetic energy has been used in
particle acceleration devices such as cyclotrons and syncrotrons
where electrons have been accelerated to within 99.999995% of the
speed of light.
The fascination associated with the potential uses of magnetic
energy has led to a number of devices other than the above whereby
electrical energy is converted into magnetic energy which is then
converted into mechanical rotational motion. These devices are
generally known as electromagnetic engines. They differ from the
common electric motor in that they contain one or more pistons
attached to a crankshaft which provides the mechanical output. U.S.
Pat. No. 1,018,309, issued in 1912, by H. J. Ford, is one
such device. This invention discloses a plurality of solenoids
coupled to crank portions of a crankshaft. The solenoids include a
steel plate located at one end thereof to enhance the magnetic
forces and which magnetically actuate the plunger-core of the
solenoid. Each solenoid is sequentially energized to impart
rotational motion to the crankshaft. U.S. Pat. No. 1,436,245,
issued in 1922, is another such device comprising an improvement
on the original above-described electromagnetic engine. Again,
solenoid windings surround a cylinder within which a plunger-core
reciprocates. Electrical contacts are placed in the upper portion
of the cylinders which make and break electrical power to the
solenoid when the plunger-core reaches its uppermost position.
U.S. Pat. No. 1,886,040, issued in 1932, is yet another
improved version of the basic electromagnetic motor, the
improvement comprising adjustable means to alter the time interval
during which the solenoids are energized in order to increase or
decrease the speed of the engine.
U.S. Pat. No. 2,639,544, issued in 1953, is a toy engine
kit which uses a solenoid electromagnetic motor to simulate the
operation of an internal combustion engine for educational
purposes. The typical electromagnetic motor is disclosed in this
teaching. In one arrangement of an imitated engine, the inventor
discloses a radial electromagnetic engine having up to 12
cylinders. The radial version again utilizes solenoid windings
around a cylinder having a plunger-core slidingly actuated
The continuing quest to attain an electromagnetic engine having a
high efficiency and the ability to produce a substantial output
resulted in the teachings of U.S. Pat. No. 3,328,656,
which was issued in 1967. The inventor again began with the now
standard plunger-core solenoid engine having windings around the
cylinder wall. In this art, however, the inventor discloses the
use of a high-quality factor coil assembly to achieve a sizeable
mechanical output. U.S. Pat. No. 3,676,719, issued in
1972, is still another attempt to achieve a high output from an
electromagnetic engine of the same type previously described.
Here, the connecting rod of a plunger-core is eccentrically
connected to a driving gear which meshes with a driven gear
carried by a drive shaft to gain a mechanical advantage and cause
rotation of the drive shaft.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,019,103, issued in 1977, discloses yet
another electromagnetic engine. In this teaching, a pair of
solenoids each containing three separate but connected windings
are wound on a cylinder. A piston-plunger reciprocates within the
cylinder and is connected to a crankshaft. A commutator connected
to the crankshaft selectively energizes the solenoids. The primary
object of the arrangement is to recapture a portion of the
electrical energy supplied to operate the motor in order to
increase the efficiency of the motor.
In U.S. Pat. No. 4,093,880, the inventor discloses yet
another attempt to increase the efficiency of an electromagnetic
motor. This is accomplished by a plurality of solenoid coil
cylinders each having a plunger-core positioned therein, with the
cylinders arranged in a single plane. At least one of the solenoid
structures is provided with an air compressor to provide a
combination device capable of producing a mechanical output in
conjunction with high pressure air.
In accordance with the attempts disclosed by the prior art, there
is an obvious need to effectively increase the power output and
the efficiency of electromagnetic motors before they can in fact
be considered to be competitive with other engines and motors such
as electric motors and internal combustion engines. And, based on
the noncommercial use of the disclosed engines, the need for an
electromagnetic engine having a high efficiency coupled with a
high power output still exists today. Indeed, in this age of
shrinking energy sources, the need for conservation of energy
assumes an even more important place in our society.
Accordingly, a primary object of the present invention is to
provide an electromagnetic engine which is capable of producing a
high mechanical output.
Another primary object of the present invention is to provide an
engine powered by electromagnets in a manner whereby electrical
power is efficiently converted into mechanical power.
A further object of the present invention is to provide an
electromagnetic engine having one or more electromagnets, each of
which operates over short distances in order to utilize the
maximum available magnetic forces.
A still further object of the present invention is to provide an
electromagnetic engine having one or more electromagnets which
when activated exert substantially axial magnetic forces.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The problems of the prior art are overcome by the present
invention which provides an electromagnetic reciprocating type of
engine having a number of new and unique features not previously
known or used. In the illustrated embodiment, thirty-six
piston-cylinders radially arranged are connected to a crankshaft.
Each cylinder having a connecting rod integrally connected thereto
is pivotally attached to the crankshaft. The cylinder is provided
with a stepped internal cylindrical opening which is closed at the
connecting rod end and open at the other end. A soft iron plate is
positioned within the cylinder up against the step therewithin,
the plate is spring loaded so as to maintain its position against
the step. An electromagnet is fitted within the open end of the
cylinder and is pivotally attached to a supporting structure
surrounding the cylinders. In operation, each electromagnet is
progressively activated for ten degrees of crankshaft rotation.
Activation occurs when the free end of the electromagnet is in
close proximity to the iron plate and when the connecting rod is
at a right angle to the eccentric arm of the crankshaft. A unique
override arrangement allows the cylinder to reciprocate while the
piston remains stationary.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Further features, objects, and advantages will be evident
from the following detailed description of the preferred
embodiments of the present invention taken in conjunction with
the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view, partially away, of one
embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the embodiment shown in
FIG. 1 taken along the line 2--2, illustrating the details and
the method of operation of the electromagnet pistons within
cylinders attached to a crankshaft;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a piston of FIG. 2
illustrating additional details thereof;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of an electronic circuit
arrangement for the motor of FIG. 1; and
FIG. 5 is a partial cross-sectional view of another
embodiment of a piston-cylinder arrangement of the inventive
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
Referring now to FIG. 1 of the drawings, there is depicted therein
a thirty-six cylinder engine having a radial configuration. There
are twelve banks of cylinders, three cylinders per bank. Each bank
of cylinders is staggered or offset by ten degrees relative to the
next bank of cylinders. Other engine configurations, such as one
having four banks of nine cylinders each is equally suitable. The
engine 10 is an electromagnetic engine in that it utilizes
electrical energy to produce magnetic forces which forces are then
uniquely converted into a mechanical output.
Engine 10 as depicted utilizes a support structure the design of
which is not critical to the operation of the invention. A
substantially cylindrical shell 11 having end plates 12 and 13
comprises such a support structure. Other shapes and designs of
structures well known in the art may be alternatively used without
departing from the intent and objectives of the present invention.
For convenience, end plates 12 and 13 may be bolted to shell 11 at
the adjoining flanges thereof. A journaled crankshaft 14 is
supported within shell 11 at end plates 12 and 13 and extends
therethrough. Collars 15 and 16 axially retain crankshaft 14 at
end plates 12 and 13. A flywheel 17 is attached to crankshaft 14
and is retained thereon in suitable fashion. Brackets or supports
18 may be welded to shell 11 so that the engine 10 can be mounted
on a base or to a vehicle frame.
Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, three electromagnet piston-cylinders
20, 20', and 20" are shown attached to crankshaft 14.
Piston-cylinder 20 includes an articulated or master connecting
rod 21, the circular portion 19 of which is pivotally connected to
the throw 34 of crankshaft 14. Connecting rods 21' and 21" are
pivotally connected to circular portion 19 of master connecting
rod 21. Brackets 22 attached to shell 11 provide for pivotally
attaching the pistons 27 to the engine support structure.
The details of piston-cylinders 20, 20', and 20" are more clearly
shown in FIG. 2. Piston-cylinder 20 is at a position representing
the beginning of a power stroke; piston-cylinder 20' is at a
substantially top dead center position; while, piston-cylinder 20"
is slightly before a bottom dead center position. Each
piston-cylinder assembly comprises a cylinder 23, a piston or
electromagnet 24, a circular plate 25, and a spring 26. Cylinder
23 consists of a cylindrical body portion 27 and a bottom portion
28 which are bolted together. Air vent holes 29 and 30 are
provided in bottom portion 28 and in body portion 27,
respectively. A stepped concentric opening is bored in cylinder
23. Bore diameter 31 is slightly smaller than bore diameter 32,
the junction of which results in a step or ledge 33. The length of
bores 31 and 32 are consistent with the length of electromagnet 24
and the stroke of the engine 10 as determined by the rotational
diameter of throw 34 and master rod 21. Bore 31 is always in
contact with some portion of the outer diameter of piston 24
throughout the engine stroke.
A low friction sliding fit exists between piston 24 and bore 31 of
cylinder 23. Circular plate 25 is made from close-grained soft
white iron or other like material which does not retain magnetism.
A low friction sliding fit also exists between plate 25 and bore
32. The normal position of plate 25 is up against step 33 and is
maintained in this position by spring 26. Spring 26 is a
relatively light coil spring which needs only to exert sufficient
force to lift the weight of plate 25.
A typical electromagnet or piston 24 is shown in cross section in
FIG. 3. Piston 24 is provided with an arm 40 extending axially
from casing 41 to support bracket 22. An appropriate pin 42 is
used to pivotally connect arm 40 to bracket 22. Casing 41 has an
annular groove 43 provided therein and within which groove 43
suitable electrical windings 44 are provided. An opening 45 in the
top end of casing 41 allows for ingress and egress of electrical
conductors 46 and 47 which are connected to each end of electrical
windings 44 for the purpose of supplying electrical power to
windings 44. FIG. 3 also depicts one way to attach arm 40 to
casing 41. The method shown is a simple shouldered threaded
connection 48. Other suitable methods of connection well known in
the art may be alternatively used. Casing 41, like plate 25, is
made from close-grained soft white iron or other like material
which does not retain magnetism.
Conductor 47 of windings 44 of electromagnet 24 is connected by a
screw 50 to shell 11 which provides a common ground for the
windings 44 of all thirty-six electromagnets 24 in the engine 10.
The other conductor 46 of winding 44 of electromagnet 24 is routed
through an opening 51 in shell 11 to a distributor 52 which is
schematically depicted in FIG. 4. Distributor 52 is connected to a
battery 53 or other like power source which is adapted to provide
a flow of current at the proper voltage through windings 44.sub.1
-44.sub.36 to cause sequential operation of the electromagnets 24.
In FIGS. 1 and 2, a circular plate 54 is shown connected to shell
11 at each piston-cylinder 20 location. Plate 54 allows for access
to the piston-cylinders 20 and the associated components for
purposes of assembly and maintenance.
The operation of the inventive engine 10 will now be described. It
is first to be noted that the pull of an electromagnet varies as a
function of the area of the holding surface multiplied by the
square of the flux density divided by a constant. Also, that the
flux density increases as the distance to the holding surface
decreases. Hence, changes in the flux density is the greatest
contributor to the pulling force of an electromagnet. Experiments
conducted by the inventor have shown that an electromagnet powered
by two "D" cell batteries can produce a holding force of 500
pounds and that the magnetic attraction force varies with the
distance between the surface of the electromagnet and the item to
be lifted. It was found, that at a distance of one-eighth of an
inch, the force is approximately 7.8 pounds; at a distance of
approximately one-twelfth of an inch the force is 31 pounds; at a
distance of approximately one/twenty-fourth of an inch the force
is 125 pounds; and, as stated, at contact, the force is 500
pounds. Thus, a usable force begins when the distance is
one-eighth of an inch and increases rapidly thereafter.
The inventive apparatus illustrated and described herein utilizes
a piston stroke of one-eighth of an inch--corresponding to a
crankshaft rotation of ten degrees. Hence, each of the thirty-six
piston-cylinders 20 fires or produces a power stroke during each
rotation of crankshaft 14. FIG. 2 shows the piston-cylinder 20 at
a position where electromagnet 24 is spaced approximately
one-eighth of an inch away from plate 25 with the latter being
firmly held against ledge 33 by spring 26. When the angle between
the centerline of throw 34 and the centerline of rod 21 is
approximately 85.degree., electromagnet 24 is energized. At this
point in the sequence of operation, no other electromagnet is
energized. Hence, the pull by electromagnet 24 is substantially
normal to the centerline of piston-cylinder 20. Furthermore, the
pulling force is at a substantially right angle to the throw 34 of
crankshaft 14. In this manner, maximum torque is being exerted
upon crankshaft 14. Electromagnet 24 pulls plate 25 up towards the
face 60 of electromagnet 24. In so doing, cylinder 23 and
connecting rod 21 are also pulled upwards which in turn rotates
crankshaft 14. The pulling force continues for a crankshaft angle
of ten degrees at which time the face 60 of electromagnet 24 is in
contact with the face of plate 25. Distributor 52 then cuts off
the electricity to electromagnet 24 and energizes the next
electromagnet-cylinder combination which is substantially at a
right angle to its crankshaft throw arm. The procedure repeats
itself for each of the thirty-six electromagnet-cylinder
combinations for each crankshaft rotation.
A unique aspect of the present invention is the override feature
of the piston-cylinders 20. This is accomplished by allowing
electromagnet 24 to pivot but otherwise be restrained. The
cylinder 23 moves up and down relative to a pivoting but otherwise
stationary piston (electromagnet 24). This may be seen by
referring to FIG. 2. As previously stated, the position of
piston-cylinder 20 is at the initiation of the power stroke. The
faces of plate 25 and electromagnet 24 are separated by
approximately one-eighth of an inch which corresponds to the
beginning of the high end of the attractive force produced by
electromagnet 24. At the end of ten degrees of crankshaft rotation
(clockwise), the faces of plate 25 and electromagnet 24 are in
contact with each other. Continued crankshaft rotation for
approximately 90.degree. causes cylinder 23 and electromagnet 24
to move axially inward relative to each other (actually only
cylinder 23 moves axially, electromagnet 24 pivots on bracket 22).
Even though no electric power is being supplied to the
electromagnet 24, circular plate 25 is still in contact with
electromagnet 24 and begins to move downward relative to cylinder
23 toward bottom portion 28. Spring 26 is compressed to a maximum
at this point. This is partially shown by referring to
piston-cylinder 20" in FIG. 2. After approximately 270.degree. of
crankshaft rotation, piston-cylinder 20 will achieve a top dead
center position. That is, when piston 24 and cylinder 23 are fully
extended away from each other. This may be approximately
visualized by referring to the position of piston-cylinder 20' in
FIG. 2. After another 90.degree. of crankshaft rotation,
piston-cylinder 20 is again at the beginning of another power
stroke. It is again to be noted that during the above-described
360.degree. of rotation of crankshaft 14, each of the thirty-six
piston-cylinders will have undergone a power stroke corresponding
to 10.degree. of crankshaft rotation. In this manner, an
electromagnetic engine producing an amount of power never before
FIG. 5 illustrates an alternative to the use of spring 26. In this
embodiment, a latch 65 is used to hold plate 25 up against ledge
33 of cylinder 23. Piston 23 is slightly magnetic while plate 25
is a weak permanent magnet or, vice versa, in this embodiment.
Latch 65 is pivotally connected to a boss 66 attached to cylinder
23. Spring 67 maintains the position of latch 65 as it is shown in
FIG. 5, with plate 25 being retained against ledge 33 by plate
retainer portion 70. A cutout 68 in the wall of cylinder 23
provides room for the pivoting action of latch 65. When the piston
or electromagnet 24 moves downward relative to cylinder 23, the
lower edge of piston 24 contacts the trip portion 69 of latch 65
causing the same to be pivoted away from cylinder 23 thereby
releasing plate 25 and allows the initiation of a power stroke.
The magnetic properties of plate 25 and piston 24 cause the plate
25 to remain attached to piston 24 after the completion of the
power stroke. Plate 25 is still so attached until 180.degree. of
crankshaft rotation is achieved, at which point plate 25 contacts
ledge 33 causing separation of plate 25 from piston 24. When
piston 24 clears trip portion 69, the plate retainer portion 70
rotates back under plate 25 again retaining the same up against
ledge 33. As an alternative, to retain plate 25 against piston 24,
plate 25 is made from a magnetic material and electromagnet 24 is
energized by a low voltage during the override portion of the
In a still further embodiment of the present invention, the spring
26 of FIG. 2 and the latch 65 of FIG. 5 may be both dispensed
with. In this embodiment either plate 25 or ledge 33 comprise a
permanent magnet with the other being made from a magnetic
material. Face 60 of piston 24 must also be either magnetized or
made from a magnetic material. In this manner plate 25 will either
be retained against ledge 33 or attached to face 60 of piston 24
depending upon the relative positions of plate 25, cylinder 23 and
Air Engine ( FROLOV, Vladimir )
Ukrainian inventor created engine
using air as fuel
Inventor from the town of Nikolaev, Ukraine Vitaly Frolov
developed the engine using air as fuel.
The inventor says this engine can ruin some powerful corporations.
For 15 years the inventor offered to manufacturers this engine
based on compressed air. But the Scientific Council of the
USSR rejected the project because manufacturing this engine could
result in closure of
dozens of research institutes working on power-saving
The machine by Ferdinand Porsche became prototype for this engine,
but the inventor used compressed air instead of fuel. Under the
air pressure engine pistons move and start the machine, ICTV
According to Vladimir Frolov, there will be no need of
transmission for the vehicle or reversing gear, the vehicle will
have only two rods - forward and backwards. Exhausts in such a
vehicle are more environment-friendly.
The engine by Vitaly Frolov was granted the award by Soviet
Exhibition of National Economy Achievements, in 1986 the inventor
received 600 roubles of Gorbachev"s ward for winning the contest
for designing environment friendly vehicle. The new engine was
going to be used in Antonov planes, and 300 engines for
experimental planes were produced. However, Soviet leaders
rejected this engine.
Ukrainian industrialists are expressing interest to Frolov"s
engine. Vladimir Timoshenko, the engineer of Yuzhmash branch said,
"There are no analogies to the engine in the world, and these
machines have the highest efficiency - they consume less electric
power, are compact in size and have little weight. One can receive
maximum profit with minimum expenses".
ALBERTS, Vivian : Solar Panel
September 05, 2006
South African Photovoltaics
In the September 4th edition of South Africa’s Mining Weekly, in a
report entitled “SA mulls cost and benefits of mega solar
project,” South Africa’s Eskom power utility is about to build a
100 MW solar thermal electric generating plant, using the “power
tower” design (see our post “Solar Thermal Power” which describes
In the report, Eskom’s resources and strategy division
renewable-energy corporate specialist Dr Louis van Heerden
explained that “central-receiver technology … concentrates the
sun’s energy through multiple large mirrors, using the
concentrated thermal energy to produce steam to drive a
conventional steam turbine for electricity generation.
The energy concentration is achieved by a field of large
sun-tracking mirrors (called heliostats), which reflect the
sunlight to a receiver, mounted on a central tower in the middle
of the mirror field.
A heat-transfer medium (molten salt) is pumped through the
receiver, absorbing the highly-concentrated radiation reflected by
the heliostats. The heated fluid is then circulated through a heat
exchanger, where the thermal energy is used to generate steam and
power a turbine.”
South African solar doesn’t end there. Back on February 11th
in “Photovoltaics are the Wild Card” we referenced a report from
South Africa on breakthrough photovoltaics. In this earlier
story ”SA solar research eclipses rest of the world” by Willem
Steenkamp, they report “In a scientific breakthrough that has
stunned the world, a team of South African scientists, led by
Professor Vivian Alberts, has developed a revolutionary new,
highly efficient solar power technology” and “The South African
solar panels consist of a thin layer of a unique metal alloy that
converts light into energy.”
The photo-responsive alloy can operate on virtually all flexible
surfaces. The new panels are approximately five microns thick (a
human hair is 20 microns thick) while the older silicon panels are
350 microns thick. Alberts claims the cost of the South
African technology is a fraction of the cost for less effective
silicon solar panels.”
This claim is corroborated in today’s story in the South Africa
Mining Weekly, where alongside the report about Eskom’s solar
thermal project there is this: “The University of
Johannesburg’s Professor Vivian Alberts, from the department of
physics, has developed solar panels that may just take this
technology further into the main-stream, owing to the cost
reductions he has achieved.
Alberts’ invention is five micro-metres thick, combining several
semiconductor materials which are as effective, if not more so,
than silicon. As it uses no silicon, costs are dramatically
lower. It makes use of normal window glass as a substrate, with
molybdenum applied as back contact, followed by the core
component, being a compound semiconductor comprising five elements
- copper, indium, gallium, selenium and sulphide, replacing the
silicon - with cadmium sulphide as a buffer layer, followed by an
intrinsic zinc oxide layer and, finally, a conductive zinc-oxide
layer. The most expensive part of the panel is the glass,”
The pilot plant has shown the production cost per watt to be less
than one South African Rand (which is about US $0.15), verified
for a 25-MW production facility, assuming a 10% efficiency and
average production yield of 85%,” Alberts claimed in the Mining
Weekly Report. Alberts went on to say he predicted retail
costs for this locally manufactured photovoltaic panel would be
one-fifth the current cost of imported panels.
These are very huge claims. So who will be first to market
with volumes of inexpensive photovoltaics? A South African
consortium, or Silicon Valley’s own Nanosolar, or someone
else? Like electric cars, the technology of photovoltaic
panels is advancing rapidly. They are both transformative
technologies and they are becoming increasingly economically
ALTEROVITZ, Gil : Gene Music
See also : STERNHEIMER,
Joel : Protein Music
Technology Review ( MIT )
July 18, 2008
A Musical Score for Disease
Converting genetic activity into music may be a way to
When set to music, colon cancer sounds kind of eerie. That's the
finding of Gil Alterovitz, a research fellow at Harvard Medical
School who is developing a computer program that translates
protein and gene expression into music. In his acoustic
translation, harmony represents good health, and discord indicates
At any given time in each of our cells, thousands of genes are
churning out their molecular products while thousands more lie
senescent. The profile of which genes are on versus off is
constantly changing--with specific diseases such as cancer, for
Searching for a more simplified way to represent the complex
library of information inherent in gene expression, Alterovitz
decided to represent those changes with music. He hopes that
doctors will one day be able to use his music to detect
health-related changes in gene expression early via a musical slip
into discord, potentially improving a patient's outcome.
The first step in the gene-to-sound conversion was to pare down
multiple measurements to a few fundamental signals, each of which
could be represented by a different note. Together, the notes
would form a harmonic chord in normal, healthy states and become
increasingly out of tune as key physiological signs go awry,
Alterovitz employed mathematical modeling to determine
relationships between physiological signals. Much like the various
systems in an automobile, many physiological signs work in
synchrony to keep a body healthy. "These signals [are] not
isolated parts," says Alterovitz. "Like in a car, one gear is
working with other gears to control, for example, power steering.
Similarly, there are lots of correlations between physiological
variables. If heart rate is higher, other variables will move
together in response, and you can simplify that redundancy and
Using data collected from a study of protein expression in colon
cancer, Alterovitz analyzed more than three thousand related
proteins involved in the disease. He whittled down the thousands
of proteins to four key networks, using various genetic databases
that catalog relationships between genes and proteins. He then
assigned a note to each network, and together, these notes formed
a harmonic chord. He compared the "music" of normal, healthy human
data sets to that of the colon-cancer samples and found that,
according to his model, colon cancer sounded "inharmonious."
Researchers may be able to translate other diseases into music by
"tuning" the system that Alterovitz has developed. For example,
researchers can identify protein networks related to the disorder
of interest and then assign notes that, in combination, form
inharmonious chords, compared with their healthy counterparts.
He adds that the technique may have applications outside medicine,
such as for simplifying information for air-traffic controllers,
and in any other industry that requires analysis of large data
sets. There is also an opportunity to use protein music purely for
music's sake: a DJ in the Boston area has expressed interest in
playing Alterovitz's "music" in local bars--a potential revenue
stream for musician and mathematician alike.
The following information was provided anonymously in the
desire to offer ideas for off-grid power production.
An engineer claims to have built a nuclear battery using two solar
cells and one business card cut to fit the diameter of the solar
An old watch with glow-in-the-dark numerals (from radioactive
paint - radium chloride) was bought at a garage sale. The paint
was scraped off and dissolved into a fluid to make a small amount
of liquid paint.
The cut business card was coated with the radium chloride several
times and allowed to dry.
This 'doped' business card was sandwiched between the two solar
cells with the photo sensitive side facing towards the card and
the whole thing placed inside a lead box (for protection from
radioactivity) with the solar cell wires sticking out.
He reports that a 25 Watt bulb from the taillight of an automobile
was lit to full brilliance for 1.5 years.
Note : Tesla wrote that he believed light, particularly from the
sun, included highly charged particles, which could be captured,
leaving the energy to be accumulated and used for practical
Atomic-Electric Motor ( TRUMP, John )
Atomic Electricity- Updated
DC electrostatic motors, with a measured efficiency of over 99%,
were built at MIT by Professor John Trump.,and described in the
Jan. 1947 meeting of the American Institute of Electrical
Dr.Trump was the main gov't official, that went over Tesla's
secret papers , after his death in 1943.
At the time, the well known electrical engineer, was serving as a
technical aide to the Nat'l Defense Research Committee of the
Office of Scientific Research & Development.
He was askd to participate in the examination of Tesla's papers at
the Manhattan Warehouse & Storage Co.
Dr. Trump reported afterwards, that no examination had been made
of the vast amount of Tesla's property, that had been in the
basement of the New Yorker Hotel, ten years prior to Tesla's
death, or of any of his papers, except those in his immediate
posession at the time of his death.
Dr. Trump concluded in his report, that there was nothing that
would constitute a hazard in unfriendly hands.
Dr. John G. Trump, evidently used Tesla's ideas and incorporated
them into his motors, after WW11, as Tesla's knowledge of
radioactivity and his views were well known since the days of
radium, and Madam Curie
The motors resemble the variable capacitors used in tuning a radio
set, except the rotors can spin around continuously, instead of
intermeshing with a stationary plate, to tune in a station. In the
simplest version, a radioactive isotope coated plate emits beta
rays (electrons) in a vacuum, between two ordinary plates of metal
on a shaft.
The electrons fly out at high speeds and strike the surrounding
metal plates, thus endowing them with a negative charge.
The charge builds up until the uncoated plates reach a voltage
corresponding to the kinetic energy of the electrons. If the
electrons are ejected from the isotope with a speed corresponding
to a million volts, they would be able to fly to the opposite
plate in the face of a field of a million volts.
In the simplest fashion an electric load is connected to the
coated and uncoated plates to run some kind of DC motor.
(Visualize the Tesla Turbine, as an analogy, invented in the early
1900's as an analogy, modernized )
The atomic electricity motors are built into a vacuum enclosed
container, and operate at extremely high voltages. There are no
magnetic fields, and no heavy currents that cause the ordinary
kind of loses encountered in electric motors of conventional
This is a DC, brushless motor.
One motor of this kind can be driven by a beta-ray generator, and
the whole apparatus can be enclosed into one vacuum cannister and
run from a radioactive isotope that would be immediately converted
into mechanical energy.
This mechanical system can be used to drive machinery, or operate
a type of electrical generator more suitable to present systems of
This means that the direct conversion of nuclear power into
electronic power, using the electrons from the nucleus, rather
than those of from it's outer orbits, which has been the immediate
source of all our electric power up to the present time.
Patents -- John G. TRUMP,
Method of and apparatus for electrostatically generating direct
High voltage ionic discharge device
Laminated envelope structure for electron discharge devices
Charge transferring means for high-voltage electrostatic
Apparatus for reducing destructive transients in
electrostatic belt generators
High-voltage high-vacuum acceleration tube
High-voltage evacuated acceleration tube for increasing the
total voltage and voltage gradient thereof
ATTEY, Gerome : Rooftop Wind Turbine
Jun 27, 2007
A West Australian inventor believes he has developed a way to
generate electricity for homes using wind power.
New invention to generate household electricity
WA designed household wind turbine
Graeme Attey of Fremantle designed the concept which uses a
modular wind turbine that is small enough to sit on a the roof of
Mr Attey says his modular wind turbine is about a metre in length
and half a metre in height, and creates power using blades which
are rotated by the wind.
He says the system can also be used in conjunction with solar
"Between solar and wind it's very easy actually to drive a whole
Mr Attey believes a home could generate extra power to then feed
back to the electricity grid.
The West Australian Government is helping Mr Attey fund his trials
and says it will consider offering householders a rebate to
install the system when it's released onto the market some time
Aura Camera ( SHRAMEK, Chuck )
July 4, 1992
A New Technique for Viewing the Aura
Back in the mid 70's, I was asked to design equipment to be
used in locating the Lost Hall of Records associated with the Giza
Complex of the Great Pyramids.
An amateur archeologist in Omaha where I lived at the time had
translated some ancient Eqyptian documents. One of the documents
told of how the Hall would be found in the
future. It said the records, which detailed many of the
]lost secrets of the hows and why's of pyramid construction, would
be found by a type of energy they radiated.
From my experience with the research of Wilhelm Reich, I instantly
recognized the type of energy radiation described in those
ancient texts. It was a perfect description of Orgone Energy, the
life force or Bio-Energy surrounding all living things.
Only this was a more concentrated form of
the energy. It even described aspects of Orgone that had not
been previously described. For example, it described light as
waves upon the water, but this energy was like water
currents BENEATH the surface.
It even went on to say how this energy was CONCENTRATED in
DISK-SHAPED fields around planets and accounted for the rings
around planets (and this was thousands of years before the
discovery of planetary rings!)
Anyway, I successfully constructed a number of devices to detect
the orgone. Unlike Reich, I had the advantage of
being able to work with more advanced technologies,
like Field Effect Transistors (FET's) instead of
After several months, my job was done. I had created several small
detectors capable of detecting orgone or life energy at a distance
of 10 meters. From the description of the Hall of Records
energies, the energies put out by the Hall would be MUCH STRONGER
and easier to detect. Unfortunately, the group
intending to go to Egypt did not get the financing needed
for their trip.
The weird thing is that no one seemed to care about the life
energy detection devices I had made. They became a toy to amuse
myself and my friends and not much more, until a few years ago.
Again a technological breakthrough enabled me to use the
techniques I had already used to take the process one step
Thanks to computer imaging processes, new types of CCD's (charge
coupled detectors that can image different types of
electromagnetic fields), and high frequency, high voltage
induction devices (nothing new - they were pioneered nearly a
century ago by Tesla), I was able to get STUNNING images of the
At first, the images were quite crude, but in time they got
better. Now I can image the aura and the CHAKRA'S (spinning
vortices of energy located from the tip of the spine to the top of
the head, they are 7 in number and control different types of
energy within the body). These Chakra's show up in
FULL COLOR with exposures of less than 15 seconds.
I have also imaged other odd things including what one might
call ghosts, and points and spheres of light that so far I have
not figured out.
I am sharing some of these images here on CompuServe, perhaps
someone knows where the project should be taken from this point.
In one of the images, the woman is trying to astral project,
you'll notice her aura shifted from it's normal
position around her body and afterwards she described being
outside herself - but not very far.
What should I do now? I am currently successfully working on
another aspect of this work to enhance the aura. I have included a
before and after picture of my friend Leon before and after this
Leon is a Reiki Master and told of a tremendous
increase in his healing powers for several days after the
Please feel free to write me.
On Wednesday, July 1st, I had the distinct pleasure of
speaking with Chuck Shramek. Chuck works as a newscaster for
a Houston radio station and is an active Ham and shortwave radio
operator. He has been experimenting with electronics for
over 20 years and has 5 computers, several radio systems, scopes
and numerous other lab equipment.
Chuck tells me that he began experimenting with Orgone Detectors
about 20 years ago while studying the research notes of Wilhelm
Reich. Reich was thrown in prison for what many believe to be a
conspiracy promoted by the AMA as punishment for his
successful "cures" of cancer and other diseases using his Orgone
Box. It it is odd that our government would take further steps
which included the BURNING OF REICH'S BOOKS to prevent
dissemination of his research work. This took place in the 1950's,
what should have been an enlightened time.
At any rate, Chuck got the idea of building a two dimensional
scanning system which involved the movement of a
single Orgone detector in an X,Y grid. At each point, the
intensity of the field was recorded which yielded a tediously
derived image of the Aura of the body. Chuck said that process
took at least an hour with the subject lying prone and still on a
table. The images so derived were of very low resolution.
We discussed the technique and the multiple applications to which
this infant technology could be applied. In the
process, I offered my ideas on JUST HOW the images were
produced since we understood it to have been through the use of a
Those ideas included his mention of an enhancement process which
stimulated the body. From that, I had assumed from Reich's work
that the subject sat inside an orgone box which charged his system
with a high concentration of orgone energy. The subject then stood
on an electrical plate which allowed the orgone to so modulate the
corona as to generate the aura image.
Chuck says close but not exactly correct. The process in fact USES
NO ORGONE detectors. Instead, the subject stands on a metal plate
that is driven from a Tesla coil.
This coil is fed with a "swept" range of low level microwave
frequencies that in turn stimulate the body field. The image is
picked up using a special CCD that is sensitive and tuneable to a
wide range of frequencies ranging from microwaves to low IR.
Chuck further specified that the images that you see with BOTH the
visible picture of the subject AND the field are NOT TRUE IMAGES!
This is because the CCD that picks up and
translates the microwave stimulated fields will NOT PICK up the
VISIBLE IMAGE ofthe subject. So what you actually see is the image
of the Aura without a body and the Charkras suspended in space.
To make the true image, the subject is simultaneously videotaped
with a standard video camera. That visible image is then
super-imposed on top of the actual aura field to yield the
composite images that we see.
Chuck says these images are very low resolution (320 X 200) and
that he has since expanded to VGA standards.
Currently, Chuck is trying to figure out what the glowing spheres
are that periodically appear in the exposures. Note the exposures
take about 15 seconds each, so there is great room for improvement
towards a movie type system.
Also in regard to Reich, in his papers regarding work with BIONS,
Reich reports that they emit some kind of UV radiation
that resulted in burning of the eyes and in fact would tan tissue
that was exposed to the BION emanations. This is quite
possibly due to a very high concentration of Orgone energy which
leads one to the conclusion that a human body could be so charged
that it would emit a high degree of such UV radiation and so be
detectable by solid state imaging techniques.
Yet another related detector is the Sergeyev life field detector
as mentioned in the book, Psychic Discoveries Behind the Iron
Curtain. These detectors could sense the presence of living
tissues (human) for a distance of up to 100 feet and through
walls. A physicist friend of ours from Washington says that
several years ago, the Nielsen company (does TV ratings) made a
public announcement of a new method of getting the overall
response of a crowd to a new TV show.
This friend said that a detector (or array of such) was placed in
another room and directed to monitor the audience response to a
new show or program. It was far superior to the old rating system
that required a checksheet, because it directly monitored the
emotional state of the crowd in a composite fashion.
We also know of many people who believe that a reliable and
reproducible method of detecting the aura would lead to advanced
medical diagnostic techniques. Since it is believed that the body
is controlled and fed by an energy meridian system, then there
would be areas of greater or lesser energy that would result in an
imbalance. Such an imbalance would alter the function
of the organ under its influence, leading to illness or
dysfunction. Such a system would allow instant targeting of such
an area and show in a direct way, what effect acupuncture or such
energy flow modification techniques produce.
Ron even suggested the imaging of someone at the point
of death to try to capture whatever leaves the body. This
would really shake up religions worldwide and open many doors into
research into communicating with discarnate entities. And of
course, one could capture images of paranormal events that
currently are quite difficult if not impossible to achieve.
Of course, much more verification of this work needs to be done.
8 August 2006
Get rid of ants with baby powder
Got ants? Blogger Jake Ludington gets rid of his with baby powder.
All you need to do is figure out where the little buggers are
coming in at, and sprinkle a baby powder firewall. Ants that are
already in your house will lose their scent trail, get lost, and
eventually die; ants that are trying to come into your house won't
be able to crest the mountain of white.
Just as an aside, I've also made this work with lemon-scented
cleaner; apparently ants hate that lemony fresh smell. What are
some ways you've gotten rid of ants?
Thoughts to comments or to tips at lifehacker.com.— Wendy Boswell
08/08/06 09:41 AM
I've heard of using laundry detergent powder, Comet cleanser,
cinnamon and/or cinnamon sticks, peppermint oil, bay leaves,
chalk, black pepper & cayenne pepper, ammonia, vinegar, a
50/50 combination of Windex & Ivory soap spray, mint or
cinnamon chewing gum.... But my favorite is Cream of Wheat: after
the ants eat it, it expands, causing their stomachs to "explode."
08/08/06 09:52 AM
I use the Windex method . . . just spray a little right near the
wall that they are walking up (or coming from), and they die. The
windex kills them (maybe it drowns them?) and the smell keeps them
from finding their way back to their home! Plus, you get the added
bonus of a clean floor (Windex does clean them a bit).
08/08/06 10:00 AM
Brian Drew says:
I can tell you that listerine does not in fact work. The ants stop
as they try to walk through it, but if you are lazy and don't pick
them up, they just spring back to life like a frat boy on a late
sunday afternoon. Also everybody thinks you really like creme de
menthe, and it really doesn't stop the ants.
08/08/06 10:12 AM
Vinegar always works for me. Seems to get them off the trail and
discourage anyone else from exploring.
08/08/06 10:24 AM
Going the natural route, I know a mixture of tea tree oil and
grapefruit seed extract will rid you of just about any insect that
08/08/06 11:05 AM
Okay, so this isn't "natural" but you should run (not walk) to the
store and buy some Terro. It's essentially sugar water with Borax
so the ants eat up, take the excess back to the nest, and share
the food, whereby they all eventually die. You just put a few
drops on small pieces of (supplied) cardboard and set it where the
ants are wandering. The great advantage here is that you don't
need to isolate the entry point, just let them come. The one
downside is that once the ants spread the word about limitless
puddles of sugar water to their friends, the infestation actually
increases for about a day (you can't refill the puddles fast
enough) but then they stop coming. Occasionally you have to repeat
in 5-7 days--I guess it's the next generation of ants that have
hatched--but after that they are gone for good. (Note: this only
works on the very small so-called "sugar ants".)
08/08/06 12:25 PM
Zoli Elo says:
I make a "firewall" with hair gel and use it to plug the hole.
Plus a cube of sugar and a drop of iodine works as a great and
08/08/06 01:13 PM
Rocketbilly Wang says:
Mix some mustard with some powdered bleach, and put some on the
ground (on a napkin or something). They eat it because of the
mustard, but they die because of the bleach. It's ingenious.
08/08/06 02:14 PM
John S says:
Most "Ant Powder" is the same diatomaceous earth (or "D.E.",
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diatomaceous_earth) that's used for
pool filtration. It works by dehydrating the little buggers, and
can also be used to clean up spills (though care should be taken
when handling, i.e. gloves and dust mask. It can do a number on
08/08/06 02:29 PM
Borax works great for fleas as well...just sprinkle on the carpet,
work it in by rubbing with your hand or something more convenient,
let it sit for a week, then vaccuum. The only downside is that the
fleas go nuts for the first day or so as they try to find a way to
escape from it.
08/08/06 02:38 PM
Any kind of cleaner with bleach (like 409) works pretty well. It
kills and repels at the same time, but I'm might try some of these
other tactics as well.
08/08/06 03:00 PM
DE - diatomaceous earth, doesn't dehydrate the ants, on a
microscopic level it's basically like millions of tiny razor
blades that stick to ants' (or fleas', or spiders') bodies and
tear them to shreds (pretty grusome, huh?). Great for spreading
around outside if you can find the anthill, but I wouldn't use it
in the house with pets or small kids around.
Windex works because it desolves the waxy coating on the ants'
bodies and causes them to be unable to retain moisture. They
basically die of thirst. It also wipes out the trails they leave
and use to guide other ants to whatever food or water source
they've found. Vinegar works the same way. So will Lysol.
I've tried the piles of cinnamon, pepper and other organic and
mostly harmless compounds and they only work if the ants don't
find an alternate route into the house.
08/08/06 03:03 PM
I've had good success with a 1:1 mix of powdered (icing) sugar and
powdered borax. Ants are also allergic to cucumber peel, and black
pepper sprinkled at their entry points discourages them as well.
08/08/06 03:31 PM
This will kill all bugs period, and it will do it fast! You
probably don't have to be brand specific but I've never tried any
others as I have had complete success with this:
CITRUS MAGIC (CM)!! It's an air freshener made from concentrated
citrus oils (oranges, lemons, grapefruits, etc...). It clings to
the insect and permeates any exoskeleton, membrane or wax it is
using for defense. It kills bugs (any kind of bug, and never
leaves survivors) far faster than Raid (which often seems like
just a nuissance to bugs) and I had much experience with Raid when
I lived in Texas - i've seen roaches lay there and wriggle for a
good half hour before dying and some run away and you're never
sure if they did die. CM has none of that! Best of all it is not
harmful to us mammals (as long as you keep it out of your eyes and
mucous membranes) and leaves a great scent in the air!
08/09/06 12:02 AM
Good tip, but an even less messy tip is a spray bottle filled
50/50 with water/rubbing alcohol. This will kill them fairly
quickly and leave no residue, stronger mixes seem to kill quicker.
Granted it may not be as good a deterrent as the baby powder.
08/09/06 02:58 PM
Apparently Aspartame (Nutrasweet) works too:
Pour a packet or two in the corner or by a nest. Moisten a little
for fire ants, put in a few drops of apple juice for those little
08/10/06 04:27 PM
Too many comments to read them all, but I've tried the
malt-o-meal, flour, etc. It doesn't work with Texas Fire Ants.
I've had "piss ants", carpenter ants, and fire ants for more than
15 years and I cannot find anything that works. (However, the area
of my yard is four acres.) After four-ish years in college and
getting my degree in wildlife and fisheries from a univerity that
has extensive research in fire ants, I''ve found that the best
defense is a product called "over and out". (mostly for fire ants,
after you get rid of them you don't care about the others.) If you
live in an area that will support lavender plants, plant them
around; it's a natural insect repellant. Fire ants like air
conditioners, as I came to expensively realize.... I did some
research with fire ants in college, it's hard to shut them down.
I've found between the Orkin man, over and out, and lavender I've
been pretty lucky. If you're lucky enough to not have fire ants, I
would recommend diotomacious(sp?) earth. If you line your flower
beds with that you're good. It's absolutely natural and the way it
works is that it has microscopic animals called diatoms, which
have sharp points on their carcasses, which cut up the insect's
exoskeletons and they cannot breathe/live/play reindeer games.
Your dog can eat a handful and he'll only have an upset stomach,
(assuming your dog is as big as mine - 70lbs. smaller dogs, I
assume not so much.) But it works. If you want to get rid if
ants/wasps/bees (all the same family, hymenoptera) I recommend
that you get in contact with an entomologist. You will then forget
all of these "wive's tales" and find out what exactly you need,
(depending where you live and in what conditions.) I've found that
if you contact an entomology professor anywhwere they will talk
your ear off. Ymmv. But as you well know being a "consumerist"
commenter, you're going to find the info on the web to back you
up. I'll give you this to start: www.fireant.tamu.edu
If any of this info is in error, I will find you the appropriate
info, just let me know.
This is a boric acid based recipe that has yet to fail me in
getting rid of ants: http://www.whyy.org/91FM/ybyg/boricacid.html.
AXFORD, Michael : Electromagnetic Piston Motor
August 25, 2008
Inventor has magnetic idea to solve
A former Chrysler Canada worker has designed and patented
what he says is the "perfect...
Windsor inventor says new motor will solve fuel crisis
The Windsor Star
A former Chrysler Canada worker has designed and patented what he
says is the "perfect solution" to the gasoline crisis -- an
electromagnetic piston motor that will eliminate our dependence on
oil and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Michael Axford, who holds a Mexican patent on the invention and is
in the process of acquiring another in Canada, said his invention
eliminates gas tanks, fuel lines and a vehicle's exhaust system,
while retaining all the remaining service parts.
"You just turn the key and away you go," said Axford. "A centre
spool in the cylinder head is wrapped with copper coils. When a
driver turns the key, the battery sends voltage to the coil --
which then becomes an electromagnet -- instead of to the spark
plugs and the magnet drives the pistons."
Michael Axford is developing an electromagnetic engine and is
close to finishing a prototype.View Larger Image View
Axford acknowledges there are similar products in various stages
of development, but says only his uses magnets of identical
polarity so that the pistons are driven down into the cylinders
with a pulse of magnetic energy. The pistons travel just 31/2
inches and Axford said the electromotive force is sufficient to
drive them all the way through the cylinder.
"And mine just uses a repelling motion to drive the pistons rather
than a combination of repelling and attraction," which often
causes problems in the delivery of power, said Axford.
"Electromagnets are strong enough to pull trains, so there's no
issue with them being strong enough to drive the pistons," said
Axford, who has been working on his project since he took a buyout
from Chrysler 15 months ago.
But the idea has its skeptics.
A professional engineer, who declined to have his name published,
said "I don't really see how this can work because you can't get
more energy out of something than you put into it, otherwise
you're dealing with a perpetual motion machine. I also don't think
there's enough charge in these batteries to drive the magnets. But
Mike's best chance is to get one built and prove that it can work,
But Axford said "it should perform identically to existing
engines. It will idle at 500 r.p.m. so once the gear is engaged,
you'll have immediate roll. It won't react with a delay and a
jerky motion like a golf cart.
"All the blocks used in this engine will be aluminum so they're
not magnetic and the cylinder head and the electromagnets will
have a protective cover so they don't affect the vehicle's
electronic systems," said Axford.
"And because the system pulses just like a sparkplug, there's no
constant drain on the battery."
Axford, who doesn't have an engineering degree but is a
self-profess car buff recently completed a patent process in
Mexico, using a law firm based in Merida. And now that paperwork
is complete he intends to use it to apply for a patent in Canada.
"I had it done in Mexico because it's far less expensive and so
far, this effort has all been self-funded," said Axford.
Axford now plans to retro-fit a motor from a Saturn once he takes
delivery of some magnetic discs from a manufacturer in China. When
the retrofitted prototype is complete, Axford said he'll be in a
position to stage demonstrations and plans to drive the vehicle
across Canada to prove its reliability.
In the meantime, he's pursuing government grants to help fund the
demonstration, to build another non-retrofitted prototype and find
somewhere to begin limited production.
Axford said he plans to seek licencing and royalty agreements with
the Big 3 domestic automakers once the engine has been
field-tested and validated.