George Wiseman / Eagle Research -- Brown's Gas Generators --
Fully Assembled ER50 ready NOW
Details to order a FULLY ASSEMBLED ER50 are below...
Breathing / Drinking BG UPDATE:
In addition to all the personal benefits I listed in the '
Plants Don't Lie' document, I've recently noticed that all the
warts on my body have disappeared.
I've had hand warts since childhood, got them from my best
friend (he's still my best friend). They were generally
pretty benign and small (I'd clip out any that grew in size),
but now they are GONE! I literally can't find one and
there were usually at least a dozen. I do not know when
they left but it's good to see them gone :)
Then there's the plantar wart that was on my foot (gross, I
know). I'd have to peal it off (the excess skin)
occasionally (about once every two months) or it'd be painful
(like a stone in my shoe). I THINK it must have pealed off
when the severe psoriasis left my feet (all my skin) baby skin
I thought the thick callus on hands, elbows, knees and feet was
normal, because I've had them from a child, working hard on my
Dad's ranch. I didn't know the thick white pealing skin
was psoriasis. I'm amazed at how smooth my skin is
compared to friends my age (nearly 60). I've can't
remember a time when I've had skin so smooth!
I don't use any 'rejuvenation' or 'hydrating' creams, etc.
I guess being a guy, I never felt the need (it was an advantage
to look older). Now that I'm actually older I was
considering it... but the BG seems to be doing everything such
creams promise, from the inside out.
Again I think... "If this is what I'm seeing on the OUTSIDE,
what must be happening on the INSIDE?!"
I’ve updated the ‘ Plant’s Don’t Lie’ pdf, if you’ve downloaded
it, it’d be good to download it again.
Here's an article discussing Chronic De-Hydration as the cause
of most disease.
I've also learned that chronically de-hydrated people lose the
ability to discern between hunger and thirst and thus often eat
instead of drink.
Helpful healthful dieting tip: I find it helpful to drink a
quart (liter) of (BG Bubbled) water when I feel hungry, then if
I still feel hungry 1/2 hour later, to eat a reasonable portion
of healthy food. This technique helped me lose 30 excess
pounds. I'm also starting to exercise. I noticed some
muscle definition just from the BG water / breathing but just
having muscle doesn't mean it's toned or strong. For that
you need to USE your muscles.
After only a couple of weeks going to the gym (you can do it at
home with exercises like in this book) I already feel
stronger and more stable (good thing in the winter).
As people get their ER50's kits built and operational I'm
hearing more amazing testimonials. Most are unwilling to
go public and I respect that.
You can see some testimonials posted at the bottom of the
ER50 Kit Sales Page.
On my ' Brown's Gas for Health' page you can also find a link to
a PATENT where a Korean man was using my ER1200 WaterTorches in
his clinics to cure many illnesses (the patent lists the
illnesses and provides proofs).
In addition to those, I have people telling me that their vision
is improving (like mine is) and one person, who had access to a
microscope, shared that a blood sample taken before breathing BG
had clumped corpuscles and immediately after breathing the BG,
the corpuscles were all individually free (unclumped). I'm
thinking this is a GOOD THING :)
And I STILL HAVEN'T BEEN SICK except for occasional sniffle,
since 2006. I have NOT taken antibiotics or
vaccines in all that time (I would in an emergency). I
attribute this 'wellness' mostly to Drinking / Breathing the BG
and (for the very seldom sniffle) I take a supplement like
Immune FX, Nutrilite TriGuard Echinacea and/or
Immune 7 by Purica.
I also have a folder of Brown's Gas for Health testimonials from
Loyd Jacob, a chiropractor in Spokane Washington, who has
treated people with Brown's Gas (mostly topically) for
years. His clients love the treatments, which he primarily
uses to loosen muscles and stop pain (though there were also
many healthful side effects). I'll get these posted as
soon as I can find the time.
FULLY ASSEMBLED ER50s
In the meantime, my big news is that when I recently offered to
assemble ER50 kits (last eNews) several people took me up on the
offer and the result was that they all got working ER50s, AND
that I'm now set up to offer FULLY ASSEMBLED ER50s to
This is the FIRST TIME I'm making this offer
publicly. I've always sold the ER50 as Kits because I was
convinced that I needed to keep the cost down as low as possible
and that people who 'find me' were mostly DIY skilled or had
access to DIY friends.
BUT I now see that many people just do not have the time, tools,
skills, space, etc. to put kits together.
These people need Brown's Gas for Health just as much as
So I've set up a new FULLY ASSEMBLED ER50 Sales Page on my
website. This will allow people to buy an ER50 that is
'ready to use'.
Buying now will get you an ER50 that is PERSONALLY hand built by
me (George Wiseman) the original inventor of this super simple
and efficient version of Brown's Gas (BG or HHO)
technology. If sales pick up I'll need to hire people to
assemble these units so you won't get my personal touch.
A bit of relevant 'SUPPRESSION' history I hadn't shared yet:
Starting August 2014 (just after my BG presentation in
Albuquerque) The USPS (and UPS) started SMASHING my 'chamber
Because I know that the USPS is capable of finding and tracking
specific packages (previous suppression experience) I tried
several shipping changes to keep them from being smashed, but
each time I made a change (to confuse their automatic tracking
computers), they'd figure it out within a couple of shipments
and then start smashing them again.
Such shipping changes usually allowed me to slip an ER50 through
to a customer who had received a smashed one but I had to send 4
to one customer before he got an unbroken one (the unbroken one
was in a crate, see below).
Before the Alburquerque presentation I had shipped out (since
2001) dozens of 'chamber assembled' ER50's and the USPS (and
UPS) hadn't broken a single one.
Obviously (in my opinion) the Alburquerque presentation caught
the eye of the Vested Interest. (this isn't my first experience
with Vested Interest using USPS suppression techniques).
I then tried to putting a padded ER50 into a box, with more
padding inside another box with wooden supports....and I kid you
NOT! The USPS OPENED both the boxes, smashed the ER50 and
repacked the boxes... so they wouldn’t have to pay my insurance
claim (because there was no damage to the boxes). My
jaw literally dropped when my customer showed me the pictures.
It was also STUPID CRAZY to get the USPS to pay all the other
insurance claims... I spent HOURS fulfilling all their
'requirements'. After a few I got really good at doing it
(I made templates).
I ended up pointing out (literally to a USPS lawyer) that I was
taking steps to sue the USPS and I'd go into court Pro Se
(without a lawyer), because it didn't matter if I won or lost
the court case, because the PUBLICITY I'd get from suing (being
an inventor suing the USPS for deliberately smashing my
products) would allow me to make a HUGE number of sales.
NOTE: This wasn't my first rodeo, so I had been gathering
information on their shenanigans as it happened, so when they
erased the information from their computers (which they did
BTW), I still had copies (proof of this particular craziness).
They immediately paid all the claims, (except the one where they
opened the boxes).
Since the 'double box' packing (that USPS recommended) didn't
work, I now put the ER50’s into a CRATE, using #2 Robertson head
screws… Roberson head screwdrivers aren't common in the
USA, so they work as a USPS tamper resistant feature.
So far none of these crated ER50s has been smashed (I’m lucky
they are lazy bast….s)or 'lost' (I do pay the extortionist
tracking and insurance fees). But it’s costing me an
additional $70 to build the crate, higher shipping cost, etc.
ON the bright side; I figured out how to assemble the ER50 right
IN THE CRATE, so solving this 'smashing issue' has actually
helped me advance the ER50 usability. I can now offer
FULLY ASSEMBLED ER50s and can be reasonably sure they'll reach
It'll be 'interesting' to see what Suppression Technique they'll
use on me next.
This may be another GOOD REASON to buy your FULLY
Assembled ER50 now, rather than later...Because in my experience
the Vested Interest gets real active on people who actually
offer FINISHED PRODUCT.
They care little about books (maybe they think most people don't
read anymore) and They care only a bit about kits (thinking most
people won't put them together). They care a LOT about
plug and play product that could cost them BILLIONS in lost
revenue. It's also embarrassing (to them) that WATER, specially
made at HOME, can cure or mitigate many
illnesses that they are currently using DRUGS, antibiotics and
vaccines to treat symptoms (not cure). For people who find the
price of the Fully Assembled ER50 steep ($968), I do offer
a (PayPal sponsored) financing option at the bottom of
the Fully Assembled ER50 sales page.
Astronomers think a rare and explosive
'red nova' will light up the night sky in a few years
KIC 9832227 @ Cygnus
THE FUTURE OF SPYING
Earth’s atmosphere can be turned into
massive surveillance system using LASERS, scientists
by MARGI MURPHY
BAE Systems are designing a directed energy laser system that
could allow military commanders to spy on enemy activities from
BAE believe that within 50 years, one of their aircraft could
use an “atmospheric lens” to observe people from very long
distances using the Earth’s atmosphere as a tool.
The lasers temporarily change the Earth’s atmosphere into
magnifying glass structures which can alter light and radio
This means users can listen into radio signals for thousands of
A spokesperson said: “Within the next 50 years, scientists at
BAE Systems believe that battlefield commanders could deploy a
new type of directed energy laser and lens system, called a
Laser Developed Atmospheric Lens which is capable of enhancing
commanders’ ability to observe adversaries’ activities over much
greater distances than existing sensors.”
“Working with some of the best scientific minds in the UK, we’re
able to incorporate emerging and disruptive technologies and
evolve the landscape of potential military technologies in ways
that, five or ten years ago, many would never have dreamed
possible,” added Professor Nick Colosimo, BAE Systems’ Futurist
High powered pulsed lasers will create a lens by manipulating
the Earth’s atmosphere, scientists at BAE claim Battlefield
commanders could spy on foes using a laser streamed from space
A high pulsed power laser system will temporarily heat a small
region of atmosphere so it will mimic the ionosphere – which
bounces radio signals
Laser technology is hotting up, with Britain unleashing a
Star Wars’ style laser cannon dubbed Dragonfire.
The concept mimics the ionosphere, a naturally occurring layer
of the Earth’s atmosphere which can be reflective to radio
The radio signals bounce off the ionosphere allowing them to
travel very long distances through the air and over the Earth’s
surface, picking up every radio signal in its wake.
BAE Systems claimed the lens could also be used as a form of
“deflector shield” too.
The Laser Developed Atmospheric Lens (LDAL) concept was
developed by technologists at the Company’s military aircraft
facility in Warton, Lancashire.
A method and apparatus for concentrating electromagnetic
Inventor: NICHOLAS GIACOMO ROBERT COLOSIMO [GB]
Applicant: BAE SYSTEMS PLC [GB]
An electromagnetic energy concentrator apparatus for capturing
electromagnetic energy, 208a, and focussing said energy toward a
specified target, 202, the apparatus comprising an EM radiation
source, 206 and a control system configured to cause
electromagnetic radiation from said source to be applied to a
selected plurality of three-dimensional portions of an
atmospheric volume in a propagation path of said electromagnetic
energy so as to heat and/or ionise the air within said portions,
wherein said selected portions are spatially located together in
a three-dimensional configuration so as to simulate an
electromagnetic radiation path modifying element, 204, for
capturing said electromagnetic energy and directing and/or
converging said captured energy, 210, toward a focal point at or
adjacent to said specified target, 202. A method of creating an
atmospheric electromagnetic radiation path modifying element
(i.e. an atmospheric lens or mirror / reflector) operative to
simulate an EM energy concentrator is also described. The device
may be used as a weapon or for solar power generation.
A METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONCENTRATING
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CHINA GIRL Liu Pinxi aka Yoyo Plays
Mindblowing Guitar Ages 8 -10
Super Incredible Girl Drummer FOOLS Crowd
at Japanese Mall! So Cool!
The Future of Rock By Teen Sensation Tina
S French Guitar Goddess
January 19, 2017
Graphene's sleeping superconductivity
...Since its discovery in 2004, scientists have speculated that
graphene may also have the capacity to be a superconductor.
Until now, superconductivity in graphene has only been achieved
by doing it with, or by placing it on, a superconducting
material - a process which can compromise some of its other
But in the new study, researchers at the University of Cambridge
managed to activate the dormant potential for graphene to
superconduct in its own right. This was achieved by coupling it
with a material called praseodymium cerium copper oxide
It remains unclear what type of superconductivity the team
activated, but their results strongly indicate that it is the
elusive "p-wave" form. If so, the study could transform the
ongoing debate about whether this mysterious type of
superconductivity exists, and - if so - what exactly it is...
superconductivity in single-layer graphene on an
electron-doped oxide superconductor
A. Di Bernardo, O. Millo, M. Barbone, H. Alpern,
Y. Kalcheim, U. Sassi, A. K. Ott, D. De Fazio, D. Yoon, M.
Amado, A. C. Ferrari, J. Linder & J. W. A. Robinson
Electron pairing in the vast majority of superconductors follows
the Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer theory of superconductivity, which
describes the condensation of electrons into pairs with
antiparallel spins in a singlet state with an s-wave symmetry.
Unconventional superconductivity was predicted in single-layer
graphene (SLG), with the electrons pairing with a p-wave or
chiral d-wave symmetry, depending on the position of the Fermi
energy with respect to the Dirac point. By placing SLG on an
electron-doped (non-chiral) d-wave superconductor and performing
local scanning tunnelling microscopy and spectroscopy, here we
show evidence for a p-wave triggered superconducting density of
states in SLG. The realization of unconventional
superconductivity in SLG offers an exciting new route for the
development of p-wave superconductivity using two-dimensional
materials with transition temperatures above 4.2?K.
New molecule knocks out
superbugs' immunity to antibiotics
...Last year, a report commissioned by the UK government
outlined a grim possible future that could "cast us back into
the dark ages of medicine," where our drugs simply don't work
and rampant antibiotic-resistant bacteria are responsible for up
to 10 million deaths per year. That report predicted those
horrors for the year 2050, but unfortunately, the killer bugs
might be ahead of schedule: our last line of defense against
bacteria, a class of antibiotics called carbapenems, are already
beginning to fail in large numbers....
Some of the most devastating bacteria get their antibiotic
resistance by producing an enzyme known as New Delhi
Metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM-1). It's this enzyme that the new
research is targeting, by developing a molecule called a
peptide-conjugated phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer
(PPMO). This inhibits the bacteria's expression of NDM-1,
essentially destroying its antibiotic resistance and allowing
existing drugs to be effective once again.
"The significance of NDM-1 is that it is destroys carbapenems,
so doctors have had to pull out an antibiotic, colistin, that
hadn't been used in decades because it's toxic to the kidneys,"
Geller explains. "That is literally the last antibiotic that can
be used on an NDM-1-expressing organism, and we now have
bacteria that are completely resistant to all known antibiotics.
But a PPMO can restore susceptibility to antibiotics that have
already been approved, so we can get a PPMO approved and then go
back and use these antibiotics that had become useless."...
J Antimicrob Chemother (2016) dkw476.
phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer (PPMO) restores
carbapenem susceptibility to NDM-1-positive
pathogens in vitro and in vivo
Erin K. Sully, et al.
Objectives: The objective of this study was to test the efficacy
of an inhibitor of the New Delhi metallo-β- lactamase (NDM-1).
Inhibiting expression of this type of antibiotic-resistance gene
has the potential to restore antibiotic susceptibility in all
bacteria carrying the gene.
Methods: We have constructed a peptide-conjugated
phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer (PPMO) that selectively
inhibits the expression of NDM-1 and examined its ability to
restore susceptibility to meropenem in vitro and in vivo.
Results:In vitro, the PPMO reduced the MIC of meropenem for
three different genera of pathogens that express NDM-1. In a
murine model of lethal E. coli sepsis, the PPMO improved
survival (92%) and reduced systemic bacterial burden when given
concomitantly with meropenem.
Conclusions: These data show that a PPMO can restore antibiotic
susceptibility in vitro and in vivo and that the combination of
PPMO and meropenem may have therapeutic potential against
certain class B carbapenem-resistant infections in multiple
genera of Gram-negative pathogens.
Stanford scientists give new life to
Thomas Edison's nickel-iron battery
A green, rechargeable battery that is suitable for powering
electric vehicles and stationary power storage applications, and
that would survive tens of thousands of charge cycles in a
useful life of 100 years without loss of capacity. What could be
a better innovation for our times? Such a battery has been
developed, and recently improved by Stanford researchers. Oh,
one other thing. The battery was invented by Thomas Edison in
...Lead-acid batteries were used to store electricity in most
electric cars until about 1900, when alternate batteries with
competitive energy storage, power capacity, and cost began to be
Arguably the most popular of these alternate batteries was
Thomas Edison's nickel-iron battery. The strong points of the
nickel-iron battery included a virtually unlimited useful life,
a physical and chemical makeup enormously resistant to abuse,
and a 42 percent increase in energy density. The weak points
included higher cost as well as low voltage, power density, and
charge rate. In combination, these weaknesses meant that a bank
of nickel-iron batteries had about double the weight and volume
as a set of lead-acid batteries of equal performance. The extra
cost for a set of nickel-iron batteries for an electric car was
US$600 - some $10,000 in current dollars.
The competing batteries both held strong positions in the market
until the gasoline engine improved to the point of clear
superiority over electric cars. Then small lead-acid batteries
won out as power sources for starting internal combustion
engines, and nickel-iron batteries retained only a small
position, mostly in stationary applications.
Pictorial of the charge and discharge chemistry of the
The nickel-iron battery uses an electrolyte of potassium or
sodium hydroxide and contains no lead or other heavy metals. It
is therefore without risk of acid spills and its construction
and disposal are largely without significant environmental
damage. The density of the electrolyte does not change with the
level of charge, as the electrolyte remains unchanged by the
operation of the battery. The battery chemistry in a nickel-iron
battery, during both charging and discharging, acts to transfer
oxygen from one electrode to the other. This type of cell is
sometimes called an oxygenlift cell, with the voltage generated
by a change in oxidization potential between the electrodes.
A group of researchers at Stanford has significantly improved
the performance of nickel-iron batteries, which may lead to new
applications for this venerable battery. The Stanford team has
created an ultrafast nickel-iron battery that can be fully
charged in about two minutes and discharged in less than 30
seconds, making the new batteries ideal to supplement
slow-charging lithium-ion batteries in regenerative braking.
To improve the performance of the nickel-iron battery, the
Stanford team grew nanocrystals of iron oxide onto graphene
sheets and nanocrystals of nickel hydroxide onto multi-walled
By doing so, they produced strong chemical bonding between the
metal-containing nanocrystallites and the carbon nanostructures.
The coupling of the carbon gives a low resistance pathway for
electrical charges to move between the nanocrystallites (where
the charging and discharging activity is taking place) and a
device being powered by the battery.
Stanford's Professor Dai says, "the result is an ultrafast
version of the nickel-iron battery that's capable of charging
and discharging in seconds." Unlike lead-acid or lithium-ion
batteries, nickel-iron batteries will neither explode nor catch
fire at high charging/discharging rates.
Nature Communications 3, Article number: 917 (2012)
An ultrafast nickel–iron battery from
strongly coupled inorganic nanoparticle/nanocarbon hybrid
Hailiang Wang, Yongye Liang, Ming Gong, Yanguang Li, Wesley
Chang, Tyler Mefford, Jigang Zhou, Jian
Wang, Tom Regier, Fei Wei & Hongjie Dai
Ultrafast rechargeable batteries made from low-cost and abundant
electrode materials operating in safe aqueous electrolytes could
be attractive for electrochemical energy storage. If both high
specific power and energy are achieved, such batteries would be
useful for power quality applications such as to assist
propelling electric vehicles that require fast acceleration and
Here we develop a new type of Ni–Fe battery by employing novel
inorganic nanoparticle/graphitic nanocarbon (carbon nanotubes
and graphene) hybrid materials as electrode materials. We
successfully increase the charging and discharging rates by
nearly 1,000-fold over traditional Ni–Fe batteries while
attaining high energy density. The ultrafast Ni–Fe battery can
be charged in ~2 min and discharged within 30 s to deliver a
specific energy of 120 Wh kg−1 and a specific power of 15 kW
kg−1. These features suggest a new generation of Ni–Fe batteries
as novel devices for electrochemical energy storage.
BATTERY WITH HYBRID ELECTROCATALYSTS
Inventor(s): DAI HONGJIE, et al.
Applicant(s): UNIV LELAND STANFORD
JUNIOR [US] +
Aspects of the present disclosure are directed to electrodes and
implementations such as batteries.
As may be implemented in accordance with one or more
embodiments, an apparatus includes a nanocarbon substrate having
at least one of graphene and carbon nanotubes, and a hybrid
electrode including a cobalt oxide/carbon nanotube (CoO/CNT)
catalyst and a Ni—Fe-layered double hydride (LDH) catalyst.
The catalysts and substrate facilitate transfer of charge
carriers. Various aspects are directed to a battery type device
having an anode and a single or split cathode with the
respective catalysts on the cathode to facilitate oxygen
reduction and oxygen evolution reactions for discharging and
charging the battery type device.
Water instead of gasoline:
Bosch innovation reduces fuel consumption by up to 13
Did you know that even advanced gasoline engines waste roughly a
fifth of their fuel? Especially at high engine speeds, some of
the gasoline is used for cooling instead of for propulsion. With
its new water injection, Bosch shows that it does not have to be
that way. Particularly when accelerating quickly or driving on
the freeway, the injection of additional water makes it possible
to reduce fuel consumption by up to 13 percent. “With our water
injection, we show that the combustion engine still has some
tricks up its sleeve,” says Dr. Rolf Bulander, chairman of the
Bosch Mobility Solutions business sector and member of the board
of management of Robert Bosch GmbH. The fuel economy offered
by this Bosch technology comes especially to the fore in three-
and four-cylinder downsized engines: in other words, in
precisely the kind of engines to be found under the hood of any
average midsize car.
Extra boost for the turbocharged engine
But it is not only in the area of fuel economy that the Bosch
innovation comes into play. It can make cars more powerful as
well. “Water injection can deliver an extra kick in any
turbocharged engine,” says Stefan Seiberth, president of the
Gasoline Systems division at Bosch. Earlier ignition angles mean
that the engine is operated even more efficiently. On this
basis, engineers can coax additional power out of the engine,
even in powerful sports cars.
The basis of this innovative engine technology is a simple fact:
an engine must not be allowed to overheat. To stop this
happening, additional fuel is injected into nearly every
gasoline engine on today’s roads. This fuel evaporates, cooling
parts of the engine block. With water injection, Bosch engineers
have exploited this physical principle. Before the fuel ignites,
a fine mist of water is injected into the intake duct. Water’s
high heat of vaporization means that it provides effective
This is also the reason only a small additional volume of water
is needed: for every one hundred kilometers driven, only a few
hundred milliliters are necessary. As a result, the compact
water tank that supplies the injection system with distilled
water only has to be refilled every few thousand kilometers at
And if the tank should run empty, there is nothing to worry
about: the engine will still run smoothly – albeit without the
higher torque and lower consumption provided by water injection.
Additional questions and answers
Is this technology already in production?
The BMW M4 GTS is the first production vehicle to feature an
innovative and groundbreaking water injection system. In the
vehicle’s turbocharged six-cylinder engine, it offers improved
performance and consumption even at full load. Bosch supplies
water injection parts for the BMW M4 GTS.
How high is fuel consumption in the driving cycle?
In the future consumption test (WLTC), water injection makes it
possible to save up to 4 percent fuel. In real driving
conditions, even more is possible: here, fuel consumption can be
reduced by up to 13 percent when accelerating quickly or driving
on the freeway.
Doesn’t water injection cause the engine to rust?
No. No water is left in the combustion chamber. The water
evaporates before combustion happens in the engine. All the
water is expelled into the environ-ment, together with the
How is water refilled?
Water injection only requires a small amount of water to be kept
on board. On average, it only has to be refilled every 3,000
kilometers. The separate water tank has to be filled with
Can the water in the tank freeze?
When the engine is stopped, the water flows back into its tank,
where it may freeze. Following engine restart, the water thaws
Is there such a thing as direct water injection?
Bosch uses a port injection system, since it has clear technical
advantages and costs less. This makes water injection suitable
for large-scale production, as well as for many vehicle
New engine performance due to hydropower
Good news: with Bosch WaterBoost, the combustion engine is once
again ready to overtake and has its best days ahead. The secret
of its success is a tuning formula with demineralized water,
which boosts power generation, lowers fuel consumption, and
minimizes concerns about CO2 emissions. So if you soon come
across a turbocharged gasoline direct-injection engine, which
despite concerted downsizing can keep the competition in its
performance class on its toes even at high engine speeds, you'll
know what's driving it: Bosch WaterBoost. From the world of
motorsport. For more fun to drive.
up to 5% greater engine performance without increasing engine
displacement or boost pressure
up to 13% less fuel consumption at higher accleration or long
up to 4% less CO2 emitted in the WLTC*
*Worldwide harmonized Light-duty Test Cycle
Due to Bosch's WaterBoost complete system – the only one of its
kind in the world – the gasoline-driven powertrain is well on
its way to redefining itself. When a direct-injection engine
with little displacement but high levels of turbocharging is
pushing its limits, bringing H2O into the mix of elements
immediately pushes performance boundaries upward. The water
actively cools the air-fuel mixture in the combustion chamber,
thus reducing knocking that harms the engine, allowing earlier
ignition, and ultimately resulting in increased engine
performance. The higher compression ratio in the engine also
leads to a CO2 reduction of up to 4% in WLTC. Overall, the
combustion process takes place at a better temperature and
therefore in a more controlled fashion. Ignition happens sooner
and the earlier center of heat release leads to a better level
of efficiency. Benefits that we make available for gasoline
engines with water injection. More than anything else, we
believe "Invented for life" means enriching everyday driving
with genuinely tangible improvements.
Fundamental for improved fuel efficiency
The benefits of turbo air cooling
It's an exciting challenge: as soon as the really fun driving
starts, even the strongest engine breaks into a figurative sweat
and responds with an increasing thirst for fuel. In these
high-load situations, a welcome dose of refreshment is just the
thing: a microfine spray from Bosch WaterBoost. Sprayed directly
into the intake port, the fine mist of water droplets cools the
hot combustion air down to a tolerable level.
Successful WaterBoost effect: even at high engine speeds, the
engine doesn't get "out of breath," since it receives the
explosive air-fuel mixture sooner. And yet the result is not
uncontrolled misfiring. That's because targeted use of water
also protects the components in the powertrain interior.
Incidentally, filling an additional tank with just 5 liters of
the demineralized water lasts around 3,000 km. And even if the
water runs dry from time to time, there's no effect on how the
Water provides more oxygen
Advantages of improving engine performance
Horsepower is only truly powerful when it has enough room and
air to give its driving force free rein. Whether or not
turbocharging really gives direct-injection gasoline engines
that extra kick forward is therefore decided in the highly
compressed confines of the combustion chamber. Add in the fact
that increasingly strict emissions guidelines of the past few
years have not produced larger engine displacement; in fact,
despite the rising overall demand for performance, it has
actually gotten smaller.
If the horses under the hood are reined in more and more
tightly, allowing them to "breathe" properly becomes even more
important. That's why Bosch boosts oxygen saturation by cooling
off the incoming charge air using water injection in the
combustion chamber. The results are gratifying: driving is
noticeably more dynamic and enjoyable and the engine freely
shifts into gear for top performance. Up to 5% more horsepower
with the same boost pressure and displacement? The proven
technology makes this a thoroughly credible promise.
WATER INJECTION DEVICE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION
ENGINE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A WATER INJECTION DEVICE OF
Inventor: OBERGFAELL SIMON, et al.
WATER INJECTION DEVICE OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION
WATER INJECTION DEVICE OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION
ENGINE, AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A WATER INJECTION DEVICE OF
Lightweight metal foam turns
armor-piercing bullets into dust
...Afsaneh Rabiei, a professor of mechanical and aerospace
engineering at North Carolina State University, last year
produced a foam metal shield that could block X-rays, various
forms of gamma rays and neutron radiation, giving it potential
as a lightweight alternative to the bulky radiation shielding
Building on this previous work, Rabiei then set about building
high-strength armor. The shield was comprised of boron carbide
ceramics as the strike face, with composite metal foam (CMF) as
the bullet kinetic energy absorber layer and Kevlar panels as
backplates. To test its durability, Rabiei and her team took aim
with a 7.62 x 63 mm M2 armor-piercing projectile, which was
fired in line with the standard testing procedures established
by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ).
"We could stop the bullet at a total thickness of less than an
inch, while the indentation on the back was less than 8 mm,"
Rabiei says. "To put that in context, the NIJ standard allows up
to 44 mm (1.73 in) indentation in the back of an armor."..
Ballistic performance of composite metal
Matias Garcia-Avilaa, Marc Portanovab, Afsaneh Rabieia
The application of advance materials to manufacture hard armor
systems has led to high performance ballistic protection. Due to
its light-weight and high impact energy absorption capabilities,
composite metal foams have shown good potential for applications
as ballistic armor. A high-performance light-weight composite
armor system has been manufactured using boron carbide ceramics
as the strike face, composite metal foam processed by powder
metallurgy technique as a bullet kinetic energy absorber
interlayer, and aluminum 7075 or Kevlar™ panels as backplates
with a total armor thickness less than 25 mm. The ballistic
tolerance of this novel composite armor system has been
evaluated against the 7.62 × 51 mm M80 and 7.62 × 63 mm M2 armor
piercing projectiles according to U.S. National Institute of
Justice (NIJ) standard 0101.06. The results showed that
composite metal foams absorbed approximately 60–70% of the total
kinetic energy of the projectile effectively and stopped both
types of projectiles with less depth of penetration and
backplate deformation than that specified in the NIJ 0101.06
standard guidelines. Finite element analysis was performed using
Abaqus/Explicit to study the failure mechanisms and energy
absorption of the armor system. The results showed close
agreement between experimental and analytical results.
COMPOSITE METAL FOAM AND METHOD OF PREPARATION
Inventor: RABIEI AFSANEH
PROCESSING OF BIOCOMPATIBLE COATING ON POLYMERIC
COMPOSITE METAL FOAM AND METHODS OF PREPARATION
FUNCTIONALLY GRADED BIOCOMPATIBLE COATING AND
Functionally graded biocompatible coating and
Revved-up carbon purifies radioactive
by Ben Coxworth
After the Fukushima nuclear plant accident occurred, hundreds of
millions of gallons of radioactive water was left over. That
water is still being stored, as no one knows quite what to do
Scientists from Texas' Rice University and Russia's Kazan
Federal University, however, may have an answer. They've
developed a type of carbon that can reportedly filter
radionuclides from water.
Known as oxidatively modified carbon (OMC), the material is made
by treating existing carbon particles with oxidizing chemicals
in order to increase their surface area and add oxygen molecules
to their structure. Actually, two inexpensive types of carbon
are used, due to their porous nature.
One is called C-seal F, and it's already used in the oil
industry as an ingredient in drilling fluids. The other,
shungite, occurs naturally – mainly in Russia.
In lab tests, OMC has reportedly been highly effective at
absorbing radioactive metal cations such as cesium and strontium
from contaminated water. These are two of the main elements that
were released into the environment when the Fukushima plant
melted down. It can also trap elements that enter waterways
during oil extraction, including uranium, thorium and radium.
According to the scientists, water could simply be run through
OMC filters in a single pass, going straight into the ocean. The
used filters would then have to been incinerated, leaving a
relatively small amount of radioactive ash to be contained.
The research is being led by Rice chemist James Tour and Kazan
research professor Ayrat Dimiev. It's described in a paper
recently published in the journal Carbon.
Tour has previously collaborated with scientists at Lomonosov
Moscow State University, on a project that used flakes of
graphene oxide to separate radioactive contaminants from water.
While the graphene oxide was better at removing strontium, OMC
excels at filtering out cesium, plus it's less expensive, easier
to synthesize, and easier to fit into existing filtration
Oxidatively modified carbon as efficient
material for removing radionuclides from water
Artur Khannanova, et al.
There is a constant need to develop advantageous materials for
removing radioactive waste from aqueous systems. Here we propose
a new carbon-based material prepared by oxidative treatment of
various natural carbon sources. The as-prepared oxidatively
modified carbon (OMC) has an oxygen-rich surface, and retains
its particulate granular texture. It has relatively low cost and
can be used in traditional filtration columns. The sorption
ability of OMC toward several metal cations is demonstrated. It
is especially efficient toward Cs+ cations, the species that are
among the most difficult to remove from the waters at the
Fukushima nuclear plant.
MANUFACTURE OF OXIDATIVELY MODIFIED CARBON (OMC) AND ITS
USE FOR CAPTURE OF RADIONUCLIDES AND METALS FROM WATER
Inventor: TOUR JAMES / DIMIEV AYRAT
In some embodiments, the present disclosure pertains to methods
of capturing contaminants (i.e., radionuclides and metals) from
a water source by applying an oxidatively modified carbon to the
water source. This leads to the sorption of the contaminants in
the water source to the oxidatively modified carbon. In some
embodiments, the methods also include a step of separating the
oxidatively modified carbon from the water source after the
applying step. In some embodiments, the oxidatively modified
carbon comprises an oxidized carbon source. In some embodiments,
the carbon source is coal.
In some embodiments, the oxidatively modified carbon comprises
oxidized coke. In some embodiments, the oxidatively modified
carbon is in the form of free-standing, three dimensional and
porous particles. Further embodiments of the present disclosure
pertain to materials for capturing contaminants from a water
source, where the materials comprise the aforementioned
oxidatively modified carbons.
PRODUCTION OF GRAPHENE
NANOPLATELETS BY OXIDATIVE ANHYDROUS ACIDIC MEDIA
PRODUCTION OF GRAPHENE NANORIBBONS BY OXIDATIVE
ANHYDROUS ACIDIC MEDIA
TZAP: A telomere-associated protein
involved in telomere length control
Julia Su Zhou Li, et al.
Telomeres are found at the end of chromosomes and are important
for chromosome stability. Here, we describe a specific
telomere-associated protein: TZAP (Telomeric Zinc
finger-Associated Protein). TZAP binds preferentially to long
telomeres that have a low concentration of shelterin complex,
competing with the telomeric repeat binding factors TRF1 and
TRF2. When localized at telomeres, TZAP triggers “telomere
trimming,” a process that results in the rapid deletion of
Based on these results, we propose a model for telomere length
regulation in mammalian cells: The reduced concentration of the
shelterin complex at long telomeres results in TZAP binding and
initiation of telomere trimming. Binding of TZAP to long
telomeres represents the switch that triggers telomere trimming,
setting the upper limit of telomere length
Methods for modulating telomerase activity
Inventor(s): CHOO YEN, et al.
Disclosed herein are engineered zinc finger proteins which bind
to telomeric structures; methods for their design, synthesis and
use; and cells comprising a telomere-binding zinc finger
protein. Methods for modulating telomerase activity using
telomere-binding zinc finger proteins are also provided.
U.S. Patent Awarded to Design
and 3D Print Rocket Fuel for Safe, Affordable,
High-Performance Rocket Engines
Rocket Crafters, Inc. (RCI) announced today a U.S. patent was
granted to co-founder, President & CTO
Ronald Jones for a method for designing and fabricating
flawless, high-performance, safer handling fuel grains for
hybrid rocket engines using additive manufacturing technology
(also known as 3D printing) which will allow the fabrication of
an inherently safe and less expensive launch vehicle with only
two moving parts. Jones stated that 3D printing of the rocket
combustion chamber allows RCI’s expendable motors to deliver
small satellites to orbits at as low as half current launch
The patented method (US 9,453,479) uses a design and fabrication
technique that is only possible using advanced 3D printing
technology to boost rocket engine performance while eliminating
the historical inconsistencies and sources of excessive
vibration that have plagued traditionally designed hybrid
rockets for decades. His patented method takes advantage
of 3D printing’s unique ability to precisely fabricate fuel
grains (a tubular shaped structure that dually serves as the
rocket’s solid fuel source and combustion chamber) which
features internal geometric patterns designed to significantly
increase the amount of fuel that is available for combustion on
a second-by-second basis during the rocket engine’s operation...
Solid fuel grain for a hybrid propulsion system of
a rocket and method for manufacturing same
Inventor: JONES RONALD D [US]
A solid fuel grain suitable for use in hybrid propulsion systems
has a generally cylindrical shape and defines a center port. The
solid fuel grain is formed as a series of concentric layers
arrayed around the center port. When incorporated into a rocket,
an oxidizer is introduced into the solid fuel grain along a
pathway defined by the center port, with combustion occurring
along the exposed surface area of the solid fuel grain section
adjacent to the center port. Each concentric layer has a surface
pattern that serves to increase the surface area for combustion,
a surface pattern that persists even as the fuel burns. To
achieve such a construction, the concentric layers of the solid
fuel grain are preferably manufactured using any one of several
available freeform-fabrication machines capable of fabricating
articles in a polymeric material suitable for a hybrid
Pesticide alternative helps plants
protect themselves from disease
...Scientists have been experimenting with alternatives to
conventional pesticides and thanks to a newly developed
gene-silencing technique, farmers might be able to strengthen
their crops' defense systems without any potential gene-altering
The study, led by agricultural biotechnologist Neena Mitter at
the University of Queensland (UQ), involves the development of
BioClay, a spray that makes use of microscopic sheets of clay
that contain double-stranded RNA (ribonucleic acid). This is
released when a plant is threatened, triggering a process known
as RNA interference (RNAi), a natural process that leads to the
plant silencing the genes of the harmful virus. What makes this
so fascinating is that this plant defense system is highly
adaptive. Its responses are not one-size-fits-all but tailored
to counter each virus that enters its system based on the
information it receives from the latter's genome...
"Once BioClay is applied, the plant 'thinks' it is being
attacked by a disease or pest insect and responds by protecting
itself from the targeted pest or disease," explains Mitter. "A
single spray of BioClay protects the plant and then degrades,
reducing the risk to the environment or human health."
Clay nanosheets for topical
delivery of RNAi for sustained protection against plant
Neena Mitter, et al.
Topical application of pathogen-specific double-stranded RNA
(dsRNA) for virus resistance in plants represents an attractive
alternative to transgenic RNA interference (RNAi). However, the
instability of naked dsRNA sprayed on plants has been a major
challenge towards its practical application. We demonstrate that
dsRNA can be loaded on designer, non-toxic, degradable, layered
double hydroxide (LDH) clay nanosheets. Once loaded on LDH, the
dsRNA does not wash off, shows sustained release and can be
detected on sprayed leaves even 30 days after application. We
provide evidence for the degradation of LDH, dsRNA uptake in
plant cells and silencing of homologous RNA on topical
application. Significantly, a single spray of dsRNA loaded on
LDH (BioClay) afforded virus protection for at least 20 days
when challenged on sprayed and newly emerged unsprayed leaves.
This innovation translates nanotechnology developed for delivery
of RNAi for human therapeutics to use in crop protection as an
environmentally sustainable and easy to adopt topical spray.
PLANT-PROTECTING RNAI COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING
PLANT-PROTECTING DOUBLE-STRANDED RNA ADSORBED ONTO
LAYERED DOUBLE HYDROXIDE PARTICLES
Inventor: MITTER NEENA, et al.
Aspects of the present invention relate to a plant-protecting RN
Ai composition comprising plant-protecting double-stranded RNA
adsorbed onto Layered Double Hydroxide (LDH) particles, and to
methods for protecting a plant comprising the step of
administering to a plant an RNAi composition comprising
plant-protecting double-stranded RNA adsorbed onto LDH
Chemicals in ubiquitous
Mediterranean plants may hold key to delaying
Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease are classic age-related
disorders characterised by the accumulation of sticky protein
clumps that over time damage the nervous system to erode
mobility or memory. The human suffering they cause, as well as
the strain on healthcare, are enormous. But there is hope on
the horizon. Chemicals extracted from the prickly pear and
brown seaweed, two ubiquitous Mediterranean plants, have been
elevated to possible drug candidates to combat the
neurodegenerative disease, according to research by scientists
from the University of Malta and the Centre National de la
Recherche Scientifique (CNRS/University of Bordeaux)...
On regular treatment with seaweed extract, the median lifespan
of diseased flies was prolonged by two days. A greater
four-day extension was observed when prickly pear extract was
Considering that one day in the life of a fruit fly is
equivalent to around one year in humans, the results are
dramatic. Interestingly, the mobility of sick flies was
improved by about 18% after treatment, highlighting a
Extracts from two ubiquitous
Mediterranean plants ameliorate cellular and animal models
of neurodegenerative proteinopathies
Michelle Briffaa, et al.
Extract of Padina pavonica (EPP) and Opuntia ficus-indica
EOFI or EPP improved viability of a yeast model of Alzheimer’s
EOFI or EPP treatment ameliorated lifespan and mobility
defects in AD flies.
Survival of Parkinson’s disease but not wild-type flies is
enhanced by EOFI or EPP.
Either extract mitigates toxicity of Amyloid-β and α-synuclein
A signature feature of age-related neurodegenerative
proteinopathies is the misfolding and aggregation of proteins,
typically amyloid-β (Aβ) in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and
α-synuclein (α-syn) in Parkinson’s disease (PD), into soluble
oligomeric structures that are highly neurotoxic. Cellular and
animal models that faithfully replicate the hallmark features
of these disorders are being increasing exploited to identify
disease-modifying compounds. Natural compounds have been
identified as a useful source of bioactive molecules with
promising neuroprotective capabilities. In the present report,
we investigated whether extracts derived from two ubiquitous
Mediterranean plants namely, the prickly pear Opuntia
ficus-indica (EOFI) and the brown alga Padina pavonica (EPP)
alleviate neurodegenerative phenotypes in yeast (Saccharomyces
cerevisiae) and fly (Drosophila melanogaster) models of AD and
PD. Pre-treatment with EPP or EOFI in the culture medium
significantly improved the viability of yeast expressing the
Arctic Aβ42 (E22G) mutant. Supplementing food with EOFI or EPP
dramatically ameliorated lifespan and behavioural signs of
flies with brain-specific expression of wild-type Aβ42 (model
of late-onset AD) or the Arctic Aβ42 variant (model of
Additionally, we show that either extract prolonged the
survival of a PD fly model based on transgenic expression of
the human α-syn A53T mutant. Taken together, our findings
suggest that the plant-derived extracts interfere with shared
mechanisms of neurodegeneration in AD and PD. This notion is
strengthened by evidence demonstrating that EOFI and to a
greater extent EPP, while strongly inhibiting the
fibrillogenesis of both Aβ42 and α-syn, accumulate remodelled
oligomeric aggregates that are less effective at disrupting
lipid membrane integrity. Our work therefore opens new avenues
for developing therapeutic applications of these natural plant
extracts in the treatment of amyloidogenic neurodegenerative
Natural tooth repair method, using Alzheimer's
drug, could revolutionise dental treatments
A new method of stimulating the renewal of living stem cells
in tooth pulp using an Alzheimer’s drug has been discovered by
a team of researchers at King’s College London.
Following trauma or an infection, the inner, soft pulp of a
tooth can become exposed and infected. In order to protect the
tooth from infection, a thin band of dentine is naturally
produced and this seals the tooth pulp, but it is insufficient
to effectively repair large cavities. Currently dentists use
man-made cements or fillings, such as calcium and
silicon-based products, to treat these larger cavities and
fill holes in teeth. This cement remains in the tooth and
fails to disintegrate, meaning that the normal mineral level
of the tooth is never completely restored.
However, in a paper published today in Scientific Reports,
scientists from the Dental Institute at King’s College London
have proven a way to stimulate the stem cells contained in the
pulp of the tooth and generate new dentine – the mineralised
material that protects the tooth - in large cavities,
potentially reducing the need for fillings or cements.
The novel, biological approach could see teeth use their
natural ability to repair large cavities rather than using
cements or fillings, which are prone to infections and often
need replacing a number of times. Indeed when fillings fail or
infection occurs, dentists have to remove and fill an area
that is larger than what is affected, and after multiple
treatments the tooth may eventually need to be extracted. As
this new method encourages natural tooth repair, it could
eliminate all of these issues, providing a more natural
solution for patients.
Significantly, one of the small molecules used by the team to
stimulate the renewal of the stem cells included Tideglusib,
which has previously been used in clinical trials to treat
neurological disorders including Alzheimer’s disease. This
presents a real opportunity to fast-track the treatment into
Using biodegradable collagen sponges to deliver the treatment,
the team applied low doses of small molecule glycogen synthase
kinase (GSK-3) inhibitors to the tooth. They found that the
sponge degraded over time and that new dentine replaced it,
leading to complete, natural repair. Collagen sponges are
commercially-available and clinically-approved, again adding
to the potential of the treatment’s swift pick-up and use in
Lead author of the study, Professor Paul Sharpe from King’s
College London said: “The simplicity of our approach makes it
ideal as a clinical dental product for the natural treatment
of large cavities, by providing both pulp protection and
“In addition, using a drug that has already been tested in
clinical trials for Alzheimer’s disease provides a real
opportunity to get this dental treatment quickly into
Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 39654 (2017)
Promotion of natural tooth
repair by small molecule GSK3 antagonists
Vitor C. M. Neves, Rebecca Babb, Dhivya
Chandrasekaran & Paul T. Sharpe
The restoration of dentine lost in deep caries lesions in
teeth is a routine and common treatment that involves the use
of inorganic cements based on calcium or silicon-based mineral
aggregates. Such cements remain in the tooth and fail to
degrade and thus normal mineral volume is never completely
restored. Here we describe a novel, biological approach to
dentine restoration that stimulates the natural formation of
reparative dentine via the mobilisation of resident stem cells
in the tooth pulp. Biodegradable, clinically-approved collagen
sponges are used to deliver low doses of small molecule
glycogen synthase kinase (GSK-3) antagonists that promote the
natural processes of reparative dentine formation to
completely restore dentine. Since the carrier sponge is
degraded over time, dentine replaces the degraded sponge
leading to a complete, effective natural repair. This simple,
rapid natural tooth repair process could thus potentially
provide a new approach to clinical tooth restoration.
Researcher turns 'SARS mask'
into a virus killer
Innovative improvement on surgical masks will make them
effective by empowering them to kill viruses
A University of Alberta engineering researcher has developed a
new way to treat common surgical masks so they are capable of
trapping and killing airborne viruses. His research findings
appear in the prestigious journal Scientific Reports,
published by Nature Publishing Group.
Hyo-Jick Choi, a professor in the University of Alberta
Department of Chemical and Materials
Engineering, noticed that many people wear a simple
surgical-style mask for protection during outbreaks of
influenza or other potentially deadly viruses such as severe
acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) or Middle East respiratory
Trouble is, the masks weren't designed to prevent the spread
of viruses."Surgical masks were originally designed to protect
the wearer from infectious droplets in clinical settings, but
it doesn't help much to prevent the spread of respiratory
diseases such as SARS or MERS or influenza," says Choi.
Airborne pathogens like influenza are transmitted in aerosol
droplets when we cough or sneeze. The masks may well trap the
virus-laden droplets but the virus is still infectious on the
mask. Merely handling the mask opens up new avenues for
infection. Even respirators designed to protect individuals
from viral aerosols have the same shortcoming--viruses trapped
in respirators still pose risks for infection and
Masks capable of killing viruses would save lives, especially
in an epidemic or pandemic situation. During the 2014-2015
season nearly 8,000 Canadians were hospitalized with the flu.
That same year, deaths related to influenza in Canada reached
an all-time high of nearly 600.
Knowing that the masks are inexpensive and commonly used, Choi
and his research team went about exploring ways to improve the
mask's filter. And this is where a problem he is struggling
with in one field of research--the development of oral
vaccines like a pill or a lozenge--became a solution in
A major hurdle in the development of oral vaccines is that
when liquid solutions dry, crystals form and destroy the virus
used in vaccines, rendering the treatment useless. In a nifty
bit of engineering judo, Choi flipped the problem on its head
and turned crystallization into a bug buster, using it as a
tool to kill active viruses.
Choi and his team developed a salt formulation and applied it
to the filters, in the hope that salt crystals would
"deactivate" the influenza virus.
The mechanics of simple chemistry make the treatment work.
When an aerosol droplet carrying the influenza virus contacts
the treated filter, the droplet absorbs salt on the filter.
The virus is exposed to continually increasing concentrations
of salt. As the droplet evaporates, the virus suffers fatal
physical damage when the salt returns to its crystalized
While developing solid vaccines, Choi observed that sugar used
for stabilizing the vaccine during the drying process
crystalizes as it dries out. When crystals form, sharp edges
and spikes take shape and they physically destroy the virus
"We realized that we could use that to our advantage to
improve surgical masks," said Choi.
In a series of experiments and tests at the University of
Alberta and in the Department of Medical Zoology at the Kyung
Hee University School of Medicine in Seoul, South Korea, the
team arrived at a perfect treatment that improves the efficacy
of the fibre filter inside the masks.
By using a safe substance (table salt) to improve an existing,
approved product, Choi sees very few roadblocks to
implementing the innovation.
The research was funded by the University of Alberta. Choi has
been awarded a provisional patent for the development of virus
deactivation systems based on the salt-crystallization
Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 39956 (2017)
Universal and reusable virus
deactivation system for respiratory protection
Fu-Shi Quan, Ilaria Rubino, Su-Hwa Lee, Brendan
Koch & Hyo-Jick Choi
Aerosolized pathogens are a leading cause of respiratory
infection and transmission. Currently used protective measures
pose potential risk of primary/secondary infection and
transmission. Here, we report the development of a universal,
reusable virus deactivation system by functionalization of the
main fibrous filtration unit of surgical mask with sodium
chloride salt. The salt coating on the fiber surface dissolves
upon exposure to virus aerosols and recrystallizes during
drying, destroying the pathogens. When tested with tightly
sealed sides, salt-coated filters showed remarkably higher
filtration efficiency than conventional mask filtration layer,
and 100% survival rate was observed in mice infected with
virus penetrated through salt-coated filters. Viruses captured
on salt-coated filters exhibited rapid infectivity loss
compared to gradual decrease on bare filters. Salt-coated
filters proved highly effective in deactivating influenza
viruses regardless of subtypes and following storage in harsh
environmental conditions. Our results can be applied in
obtaining a broad-spectrum, airborne pathogen prevention
device in preparation for epidemic and pandemic of respiratory
Bare and salt-coated filter samples preparation
The commercial surgical masks had a three-ply structure. The
middle layer is the filter media, whereas the inner and outer
layers provide support and protect the filter against wear and
tear. The metal nose clips and elastic ear loops were removed
and circular samples (radius: 3 cm) were cut from the masks.
The PP filters (middle layer) were isolated by removing the
inner and outer protective layers (bare filters, Filterbare).
The coating solution was prepared by dissolving sodium
chloride (NaCl; Sigma Aldrich, St. Louis, MO) in filtered DI
water (0.22 μm pore size; Corning, Tewksbury, MA) under
stirring at 400 rpm and 90 °C, followed by the addition of
Tween 20 (Fisher Scientific) to a final concentration of
29.03 w/v% of NaCl and 1 v/v% of Tween 20. To obtain the
salt-coated filters, the mask bare PP filters were pre-wet to
contain approximately 600 μL of coating solution by incubating
overnight at room temperature. Any remaining dry areas were
removed by applying gentle strokes with tweezers to the
filters while immersed in the coating solution. Subsequently,
the filters were deposited in the desired volume of coating
solution (0, 100, 300, 600, 900 and 1200 μL, of which
corresponding membranes are abbreviated as Filterwet,
Filterwet+100μL, Filterwet+300μL, Filterwet+600μL,
Filterwet+900μL, and Filterwet+1200μL, respectively) on petri
dishes (60 × 15 mm; Fisher Scientific) to control the amount
of NaCl per unit area and dried in an oven (Isotemp Incubator,
Fisher Scientific) at 37 °C for 1 day....
PROCESS FOR THE DEACTIVATION OF HIV AND OTHER
GAECHTER RUDOLF, et al.
The invention concerns the deactivation of HIV and other
viruses which have a high chemical affinity with multivalent
heavy metal. The virus proteins are cationized and made into
virucides and their chemically-active amino or carboxyl groups
react with a monovalent cation of the first main group
of the "periodic system" that is higher in the
electrochemical series. The chemically-bonded heavy metals are
converted into a heavy solution through chemical reactions,
preferably into a "chelate complex". The use of given
concentrations of a monovalent metal cation in the form of a
carbonate or hydroxide makes possible the cationization of
virus proteins and the deactivation of viruses as well as the
suppression of the immobilization of the virus spikes from the
heavy metals chemically bonded to them. Thus there is the
basis for the healing of virus infections of various kinds and
the requirement for the preparation of corresponding vaccinal
substances is created.
Laser therapy blasts
early-stage prostate cancer without killing patient's mojo
...Researchers in the UK have announced a new laser therapy
treatment that can kill tumor cells without inflicting
collateral damage on healthy tissue or the patient's
Called Vascular-Targeted Photodynamic therapy (VTP), the new
treatment is administered by injecting a light-sensitive drug,
called WST11, into the bloodstream via fiber lasers that are
inserted into the prostate gland. The laser then activates the
drug to destroy the tumor tissue. Interestingly, WST11 is
derived from deep-sea bacteria that have evolved a mechanism
to survive in the dark by efficiently converting whatever
little light it can get into energy. Researchers were able to
develop a compound that releases free radicals to kill cancer
cells when activated by laser using this property...
photodynamic therapy versus active surveillance in men
Prof Abdel-Rahmène Azzouzi, et al.
Padeliporfin vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy is a safe,
effective treatment for low-risk, localised prostate cancer.
This treatment might allow more men to consider a
tissue-preserving approach and defer or avoid radical therapy.
Ebola vaccine proves 100
percent effective in final trials
If there is to be a silver lining in the massive Ebola
outbreak to recently sweep through West Africa, it is the
progress being made toward developing an effective vaccine.
The World Health Organization (WHO) last year reported some
very promising signs during the early stages of a trial
involving a vaccine called rVSV-ZEBOV, and now the final
results are in, confirming the previously seen 100 percent
protection rate from the deadly disease...
Efficacy and effectiveness of
an rVSV-vectored vaccine in preventing Ebola virus
Dr Ana Maria Henao-Restrepo, et al.
The results add weight to the interim assessment that
rVSV-ZEBOV offers substantial protection against Ebola virus
disease, with no cases among vaccinated individuals from day
10 after vaccination in both randomised and non-randomised
Scientists identify unique
"breathprint" of 17 diseases
A team of international researchers recently unveiled a nano
array that can identify the chemical signatures of 17
different diseases, possibly bringing us closer to the day
when doctors might be able to use a medical tricorder a la
Star Trek to instantly diagnose a patient's conditions...
"Just as each of us has a unique fingerprint that
distinguishes us from others, each disease has a chemical
signature that distinguishes it from other diseases and from a
normal state of health," explains lead researcher Hossam
Haick, an Israeli nanotech expert whose name is synonymous
with disease-detecting sensors. "These odor signatures are
what enables us to identify the diseases using the technology
that we developed."
Diagnosis and Classification
of 17 Diseases from 1404 Subjects via Pattern Analysis of
Morad K. Nakhleh, et al.
We report on an artificially intelligent nanoarray based on
molecularly modified gold nanoparticles and a random network
of single-walled carbon nanotubes for noninvasive diagnosis
and classification of a number of diseases from exhaled
breath. The performance of this artificially intelligent
nanoarray was clinically assessed on breath samples collected
from 1404 subjects having one of 17 different disease
conditions included in the study or having no evidence of any
disease (healthy controls). Blind experiments showed that 86%
accuracy could be achieved with the artificially intelligent
nanoarray, allowing both detection and discrimination between
the different disease conditions examined. Analysis of the
artificially intelligent nanoarray also showed that each
disease has its own unique breathprint, and that the presence
of one disease would not screen out others.
Cluster analysis showed a reasonable classification power of
diseases from the same categories. The effect of confounding
clinical and environmental factors on the performance of the
nanoarray did not significantly alter the obtained results.
The diagnosis and classification power of the nanoarray was
also validated by an independent analytical technique, i.e.,
gas chromatography linked with mass spectrometry. This
analysis found that 13 exhaled chemical species, called
volatile organic compounds, are associated with certain
diseases, and the composition of this assembly of volatile
organic compounds differs from one disease to another.
Overall, these findings could contribute to one of the most
important criteria for successful health intervention in the
modern era, viz. easy-to-use, inexpensive (affordable), and
miniaturized tools that could also be used for personalized
screening, diagnosis, and follow-up of a number of diseases,
which can clearly be extended by further development.
UPC researchers, in collaboration with
the companies COMSA and GMN, create a new material from textile
fibres of old tyres
Lluís Gil and Xavier Cañavate, researchers and professors at
the Terrassa School of Industrial, Aerospace and Audiovisual
Engineering (ESEIAAT) of the Universitat Politècnica de
Catalunya (UPC), in collaboration with the companies COMSA and
Gestión Medioambiental de Neumáticos (GMN), have created a new
material from textile fibres of used tyres. This product
incorporates a tyre component that was previously not reused.
Vehicle tyres are essentially made of three materials: latex,
fabric and steel fibres. The only thing that could not be
reused up to now was the fabric, which ended up in landfills
Lluís Gil, of the Laboratory for Technological Innovation in
Structures and Materials (LITEM), and Xavier Cañavate, of the
POLQUITEX research group, both on the UPC's Terrassa Campus,
in collaboration with the companies COMSA and GMN, have
developed a new textile material from disused tires.
ProfessorTeresa Vidal, of the UPC's Paper Engineering Research
Group (CELBIOTECH), also participated in the project.
Recycling and competitiveness
One of the strengths of the project is that it adapts the
final product to customer requirements and supplies it in the
form of sacks or panels. After several tests, the key to
obtaining the new material was the combination of three
components: fibres, recycled paper pulp and white glue. The
new material has proven to be very effective in the
construction sector and for railway projects because it is a
According to Lluís Gil, “this new material is technically
equivalent to the rock wool and glass wool materials
previously used for thermal and acoustic insulation of
buildings, but it is cheaper”.
Xavier Cañavate says “our material can reuse millions of tons
of fibres that were previously sent to landfills at the end of
the tyres' life, thus saving energy and CO2 emissions. It also
incorporates recycled paper pulp, which is very difficult to
The new material was created thanks to the participation of
the companies COMSA and GMN and funding of €130,000 from the
INNPACTO programme of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and
Competitiveness. In addition, the project has generated eight
bachelor's theses and a master's thesis.
Bioinspired morphing wings for extended
flight envelope and roll control of small drones
M. Di Luca, S. Mintchev, G. Heitz, F. Noca, D. Floreano
Small-winged drones can face highly varied aerodynamic
requirements, such as high manoeuvrability for flight among
obstacles and high wind resistance for constant ground speed
against strong headwinds that cannot all be optimally
addressed by a single aerodynamic profile. Several bird
species solve this problem by changing the shape of their
wings to adapt to the different aerodynamic requirements.
Here, we describe a novel morphing wing design composed of
artificial feathers that can rapidly modify its geometry to
fulfil different aerodynamic requirements. We show that a
fully deployed configuration enhances manoeuvrability while a
folded configuration offers low drag at high speeds and is
beneficial in strong headwinds. We also show that asymmetric
folding of the wings can be used for roll control of the
drone. The aerodynamic performance of the morphing wing is
characterized in simulations, in wind tunnel measurements and
validated in outdoor flights with a small drone.
December 12, 2016
Sawdust reinvented into super
sponge for oil spills
Environmentally friendly material tweaked to soak up to 5
times its weight in oil, float 4 months in icy, rough
Frances White, PNNL, (509)
Lowly sawdust, the sawmill waste that's sometimes tossed
onto home garage floors to soak up oil spilled by amateur
mechanics, could receive some new-found respect thanks to
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest
National Laboratory have chemically modified sawdust to make
it exceptionally oil-attracting and buoyant, characteristics
that are ideal for cleaning oil spills in the icy, turbulent
waters of the Arctic. The nontoxic material absorbs up to five
times its weight in oil and stays afloat for at least four
"Most of today's oil remediation materials are designed for
warm water use," said PNNL microbiologist George Bonheyo, who
leads the modified sawdust's development from PNNL's Marine
"But as ice retreats in the Arctic Sea, fossil fuel developers
are looking north, and we need new oil spill response methods
that perform well in extreme conditions," added Bonheyo, who
also holds a joint appointment in bioengineering with
Washington State University.
"The chance of an oil spill in the Arctic is real," said
fellow PNNL microbiologist Robert Jeters, who is also part of
the project. "We hope materials like our modified sawdust can
help if an accident happens."
Fire & ice
Containing oil spills in cold waters is especially tricky, as
bobbing ice chunks push oil below the water's surface, making
it difficult to collect. The same goes for rough waters, whose
tall, clashing waves disperse oil.
The modified saw dust pulls double duty. Beyond absorbing oil,
it also enhances another approach to combatting oil spills —
controlled burns. If changing weather or tides move spilled
oil toward a sensitive area fast, oil can be burned before it
can cause further harm. Called in-situ burning, the practice
can significantly reduce the amount of oil in water and
minimize its adverse environmental effects.
Bonheyo and his team looked to develop an environmentally
friendly and inexpensive material that floats despite rough or
freezing waters and can support in-situ burning. Not wanting
to create more pollution if emergency responders can't
retrieve oil cleanup material, Bonheyo's team considered other
natural ingredients like rice hulls and silica. But they
ultimately found their winner in a fine dust called wood
flour. A woodworking byproduct, wood flour is often used to
make wood composites.
To turn the dust into a thirsty oil mop, researchers
chemically attach components of vegetable oil onto the
material's surface. These attachments make the modified
material oil-grabbing and water-shunning. The final product is
a light, fluffy, bleached powder. The team is also trying out
adding tiny, oil-eating microbes — fungi and bacteria — to the
powder's surface so any left-behind material could naturally
break down oil over time.
Just a sprinkle
Applying the modified sawdust is simple: sprinkle a thin layer
over oil on the water's surface. The material immediately
starts soaking up oil, creating a concentrated and solid slick
that stays afloat thanks to the material's buoyant nature. The
oil-soaked material can either be burned or retrieved.
The team is using PNNL's unique Arctic simulation lab in
Sequim, Washington to evaluate the material in icy waters. The
facility is a customized shipping container that cools down to
as low as 5 degrees Fahrenheit, which prompts researchers to
don snowmobile suits and ski masks while they work. Ice slush
forms on the surface of water that circulates inside a
290-gallon raceway pond placed inside the bitterly cold lab
space. Oil is spilled on the slushy surface, followed by a
sprinkle of modifiedsawdust. Tests have shown the material's
water-repellent nature prevents ice from forming on it,
allowing it to soak up oil and remain at the surface.
Researchers are also testing how well the material performs in
controlled burns. They conducted initial burns this fall at
the U.S. Coast Guard and Naval Research Laboratory's Joint
Maritime Test Facility near Mobile, Alabama. Burn tests
continue today at PNNL's Marine Science Laboratory. Early
results indicate a small amount of material enables burning of
both thin and thick layers of spilled oil.
In the coming months, PNNL will further evaluate the modified
sawdust. The material will need additional testing and
approval by multiple agencies before it can be used at actual
PNNL is developing the material for the Department of
Interior's Bureau of Safety of Environmental Enforcement. BSEE
is the lead federal agency charged with improving safety and
ensuring environmental protection related to the offshore
energy industry, primarily oil and natural gas on the U.S.
Outer Continental Shelf.
The material's development team includes Bonheyo, Jeters,
Yongsoon Shin, Jiyeon Park, Andrew Avila
and Maren Symes.
"Pulling" bacteria out of blood
Magnets instead of antibiotics could provide a possible new
treatment method for blood infection.
This involves the blood of patients being mixed with magnetic
iron particles, which bind the bacteria to them after which
they are removed from the blood using magnets. The initial
laboratory tests at Empa in St. Gallen have been successful,
and seem promising.
Blood poisoning is still fatal in more than 50% of
cases, but can be cured if treated at an early stage. The
highest priority is therefore to act quickly. For this reason,
doctors usually administer antibiotics even in the event of a
suspicion of blood poisoning, without first ascertaining
whether it is actually a bacterial sepsis, which in turn
greatly increases the risk of resistance to antibiotics
developing. It is therefore important to identify and develop
a fast and effective therapy, if possible without the need to
An antibody for everything
Empa researcher Inge Herrmann and her team are developing a
solution in collaboration with modelling expert Marco Lattuada
from the Adolphe Merkle Institute and doctors from the
Harvard Medical School.
The idea for the treatment is the magnetic purification of
blood. The principle is, at least in theory, quite
straightforward. Iron particles are coated with an antibody
that detects and binds the harmful bacteria in the blood. As
soon as the iron particles are attached to the bacteria, they
are removed from the blood magnetically.
However, there is (still) a small catch: So far, it has only
been possible to coat the iron particles with antibodies that
recognise one type of bacteria – but many different
types of bacteria may be involved, depending on the species
causing the blood poisoning. Using blood analysis, doctors
must therefore first determine which bacteria is causing the
poisoning before the appropriate antibodies can be used. "This
blood analysis is time-consuming and time plays a vital role
in the treatment of blood poisoning," explains Herrmann. This
is also the reason for magnetic dialysis rarely having been
used to date.
But a team at the Harvard Medical School led by Gerald Pier
has now developed an antibody that can bind almost all the
bacteria that can trigger blood poisoning - so if there is a
suspicion of sepsis, the magnetic treatment could be started
immediately, regardless of which pathogen is in the blood.
November 29, 2016
Patching a gap in wound care
A Wyss Institute team has engineered a method for directly
bonding biocompatible chitosan materials to living tissues,
which could be used to quickly patch life threatening wounds
Chitosan, a biomaterial derived from the chitin shells of
crustaceans and insects, has already been developed by
scientists at Harvard’s Wyss Institute for Biologically
Inspired Engineering into an environmentally-friendly and
fully biodegradable substitute for plastic. It is only natural
that the team, led by Wyss Institute Founding Director Donald
Ingber, has also become interested in extending chitosan’s
usefulness into the clinical realm.
“What’s good for the environment is also good for us,” said
Javier Fernandez, who first developed a chitosan bioplastic
called ‘Shrilk’ with Ingber back in 2014.
Now Ingber and Fernandez have unveiled a new study in the
journal Tissue Engineering that demonstrates biodegradable
chitosan bioplastics can be used to bond bodily tissues to
repair wounds or even to hold implanted medical devices in
place. As chitosan is already approved for clinical use and it
has antimicrobial properties, the approach could one day be
utilized to immediately seal tissue tears or other serious
injuries, preventing infection from setting in before a
patient can be moved to a hospital for more in-depth care.
“This work really spans the entire mission of the Wyss, as we
have developed a biomaterial that could be used in sustainable
consumer products and packaging or, as we now show, be adapted
for clinical uses,” said Fernandez, Ph.D., the first author on
the new study, who is a former Wyss Institute Postdoctoral
Fellow and is currently an Assistant Professor at Singapore
University of Technology and Design. “The material is
non-toxic and biodegradable, leaving behind no trace once it
has served its purpose.”
To adapt chitosan to seal wounds and surgical incisions,
Ingber and Fernandez searched for a way to quickly and tightly
bond chitosan materials to living tissues. They zeroed
in on transglutaminase (TG), a naturally occurring enzyme
found in the body – where it keeps skin strong and strengthens
blood clots – that has also been adopted to bond proteins
together during commercial food processing.
“As we started thinking about going in vivo, we faced the
challenge of how to adhere chitosan to living tissues,” said
Ingber, M.D., Ph.D., who is senior author on the new study and
in addition to directing the Wyss Institute is Judah Folkman
Professor of Vascular Biology at Harvard Medical School and
the Vascular Biology Program at Boston Children’s Hospital as
well as Professor of Bioengineering at Harvard’s John A.
Paulson School of Engineering an Applied Sciences. “We
explored using different formulations of transglutaminase to
bond various forms of chitosan materials, including sheets,
foams and sprays, to many different types of tissues.”
A sheet of chitosan may be applied with a transglutaminase
powder to patch wounds, as the team demonstrated using an ex
vivo porcine intestine with a large hole in it. A pressure
test revealed that the chitosan patch was even stronger than
the native intestinal tissue.
For the spray, a stream of liquid chitosan and liquid
transglutaminase combine during application to quickly bond
chitosan to tissue and close wounds. The team used this
approach to seal a porcine lung that had sustained a puncture
wound while it was cyclically insufflated with air to mimic
inspiration and expiration. The spray application could also
be useful for covering large areas of vulnerable tissue, like
might be found on someone whose skin had sustained serious
To treat even larger and more traumatic wounds like those that
might occur on the battlefield or during a motor vehicle
accident, Ingber and Fernandez formulated a chitosan foam that
could potentially be used to fill and seal larger wound
cavities until a patient can be transported to a hospital for
The team’s findings also suggest that their approach could be
tailored to bond inorganic surfaces – which make up crucial
components of many different kinds of biomedical implants and
microfluidic devices – to tissue or chitosan.
“Right now our approach is very general, but we could
theoretically take this concept and adapt it into almost any
form imaginable for a broad number of possible uses,” said
Looking ahead, the team hopes to develop an array of specific
applications through collaboration with clinical partners.
Additional co-authors on the study include Wyss Institute
researchers Suneil Seetharam, Christopher Ding, and Edward
Tissue Engineering Part A. December 2016
Direct Bonding of Chitosan
Biomaterials to Tissues Using Transglutaminase for
Surgical Repair or
Fernandez Javier G., et al.
Natural biomaterials, such as chitosan and collagen, are
useful for biomedical applications because they are
biocompatible, mechanically robust, and biodegradable, but it
is difficult to rapidly and tightly bond them to living
tissues. In this study, we demonstrate that the microbial
transglutaminase (mTG), can be used to rapidly (<5 min)
bond chitosan and collagen biomaterials to the surfaces of
hepatic, cardiac, and dermal tissues, as well as to
functionalized polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) materials that are
used in medical products. The mTG-bonded chitosan patches
effectively sealed intestinal perforations, and a newly
developed two-component mTG-bonded chitosan spray effectively
repaired ruptures in a breathing lung when tested ex vivo. The
mechanical strength of mTG-catalyzed chitosan adhesive bonds
were comparable to those generated by commonly used surgical
glues. These results suggest that mTG preparations may be
broadly employed to bond various types of organic materials,
including polysaccharides, proteins, and functionalized
inorganic polymers to living tissues, which may open new
avenues for biomedical engineering, medical device
integration, and tissue repair.
29 November 2016
Tests on oil recycled from
tyres finds a cleaner diesel blend
Old tyres can be completely recycled into lower emission
diesel engine oil, instead of being dumped in dangerous,
highly flammable stockpiles that become breeding grounds for
malaria and dengue-carrying mosquitoes.
QUT mechanical engineers tested the oil extracted from old
tyres in a process developed by Australian company Green
Distillation Tecnologies (GDT).
QUT’s Professor Richard Brown and PhD student Farhad Hossain
tested the oil’s emissions and output at QUT's Biofuel Engine
Professor Brown said that when the oil was blended with diesel
it was found to produce a fuel with reduced emissions and no
loss of engine performance.
“Globally, 1.5 billion tonnes of tyres are discarded each
year. Australia, alone, will generate 55 million disused tyres
a year by 2020," Professor Brown said.
“Getting rid of old tyres in an environment-friendly way is a
“Stockpiles of used tyres around the world are a health
hazard, as demonstrated by the recent Broadmeadows fire in
Victoria, which was difficult to put out and generated huge
amounts of toxic smoke.”
Mr Farhad said the QUT engineering team, including process
engineer Dr Tom Rainey and air-quality expert Professor Zoran
Ristovski, performed rigorous tests on the oil.
“We tested the oil which GDT produces from both recycled
natural and synthetic rubber tyres in 10 per cent and 20 per
cent diesel blends,” Mr Farhad said.
“We tested the tyre oil blends in a turbocharged, common rail,
direct injection, six-cylinder engine in the Biofuel Engine
Research Facility at QUT.
“The engine is typical of engine types used in the transport
“Our experiments were performed with a constant speed and four
different engine loads of 25, 50, 75 and 100 per cent of full
“We found a 30 per cent reduction in nitrogen oxide which
contributes to photochemical smog, and lower particle mass
which means fewer problems for emission treatment systems.”
GDT chief operating officer Trevor Bayley said the oil
could also be used as a heating fuel or further refined into
automotive or aviation jet fuel.
“The process recycles end-of-life tyres into oil, carbon and
steel, leaving nothing wasted and even uses some of the
recovered oil as the heat source,” Mr Bayley said.
“Carbon is the most common recovered ingredient and the steel
rim and framework is the third most common ingredient, while
the oil is the most valuable.
“We are delighted at the findings of the QUT research as it
will help us promote the sustainable use for end-of-life
“The potential of this source of biofuel feedstock is immense,
and it is more sustainable than other bio-oils from plants
such as corn, or algae.
“A recycled 10kg car tyre yields 4 litres of oil, 1.5kg of
steel and 4 kg of carbon,, and a 70kg truck tyre provides 28
litres of oil, 11kg of steel and 28kg of carbon.
“GDT plans to have the first fully operational commercial
plant delivering eight million litres of oil a year from
mid-2017, followed by a world-first mining tyre processing
plant in either Qld or WA.”
Process and system for recovering
energy from carbon-containing materials
Inventor: RANDALL DENIS A [AU]
The invention provides processes and systems for generating
heat from a carbon-containing material or converting a
carbon-containing material to a combustible gaseous fuel,
comprising (a) pyrolysing the material in a reactor to produce
a carbon-enriched solid and a first gaseous product, (b)
burning at least part of the first gaseous product and/or a
second gaseous product obtained by reacting the
carbon-enriched solid with water vapour to generate heat, and
(c) returning combustion products from the burning step to the
reactor and/or removing part of the first gaseous product
and/or the second gaseous product as a combustible fuel.
Cleanly Recycled Tyres – A World
Green Distillation Technologies has achieved an Australian
world technological breakthrough by effectively and profitably
recycling end of life car and truck tyres (ELTs) into saleable
commodities of oil, carbon and steel.
End of life car and truck tyres are a blight on the
environment ever since they were invented over a century ago,
because until now no means had been found to effectively and
economically recycle them.
Grinding up old tyres to make crumbs or flakes is not a means
of recycling tyres as the rubber has not been changed and
there is a limit to how much of this material can be used for
kindergarten playgrounds and soccer fields and using it as a
furnace fuel in Asia creates noxious greenhouse damaging
As well as the environmental problem caused by dumps of old
tyres or illegally discarding them in bushland and waterways,
after rain they become a breeding ground for mosquitoes and a
source of such dangerous diseases as Dengue and Ross River
However, using a technique known as destructive distillation,
Green Distillation Technologies is able to convert this wasted
resource and an environmental hazard into high demand valuable
raw materials.The process is emission free and the recycled
oil is used as the heat source for the production process.
The GDT Tyre Recycling Process – How It Works
Destructive Distillation is the name GDT gives to their tyre
recycling process which is developed from basic chemistry, the
genius of Technical Director Denis Randall and his thirty five
years of study and experimentation into organic waste streams.
As a result GDT has developed the knowledge of getting the
chemical reaction to occur.
The process begins by loading whole end of life tyres into a
process chamber, which is evacuated of air and sealed. In the
initial steps no further processing of the tyres, such as
chopping or crumbing is required.
Heat is applied, which acts as a catalyst for the chemical
reaction, which sees the tyre destructed into different
compounds, one of which is collected and condensed into
‘manufactured’ oil. At the end of the process and the chemical
reaction is over, the carbon and steel can be extracted cooled
June 13, 2016
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Weird, water-oozing material could help
PNNL researchers saw for the first time a phenomenon that was
theorized more than 20 years ago. Shown here is a PNNL
illustration of the phenomenon, "solvent cavitation under
solvo-phobic confinement," which PNNL researchers saw occur
with carbon-rich nanorods they mistakenly created. PNNL's
viewing of the phenomenon involved liquid spontaneously
evaporating after being confined within tiny spaces in between
RICHLAND, Wash. – After their nanorods were accidentally
created when an experiment didn't go as planned, the
researchers gave the microscopic, unplanned spawns of science
a closer look.Chemist Satish Nune was inspecting the solid,
carbon-rich nanorods with a vapor analysis instrument when he
noticed the nanorods mysteriously lost weight as humidity
increased. Thinking the instrument had malfunctioned, Nune and
his colleagues moved on to another tool, a high-powered
microscope.They jumped as they saw an unknown fluid
unexpectedly appear between bunches of the tiny sticks and
ooze out. Video recorded under the microscope is shaky at the
beginning, as they quickly moved the view finder to capture
the surprising event again.
The team at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest
National Laboratory would go on to view the same phenomenon
more than a dozen times. Immediately after expelling the
fluid, the nanorods' weight decreased by about half, causing
the researchers to scratch their heads even harder.
A paper published today in Nature Nanotechnology describes the
physical processes behind this spectacle, which turned out to
be the first experimental viewing of a phenomenon theorized
20-some years ago. The discovery could lead to a large range
of real-world applications, including low-energy water
harvesting and purification for the developing world, and
fabric that automatically pulls sweat away from the body and
releases it as a vapor.
Water epulsion in real time
Nature Nanotechnology 11, 791–797 (2016)
Anomalous water expulsion from
carbon-based rods at high humidity
Satish K. Nune, et al.
Three water adsorption–desorption mechanisms are common in
inorganic materials: chemisorption, which can lead to the
modification of the first coordination sphere; simple
adsorption, which is reversible; and condensation, which is
irreversible. Regardless of the sorption mechanism, all known
materials exhibit an isotherm in which the quantity of water
adsorbed increases with an increase in relative humidity.
Here, we show that carbon-based rods can adsorb water at low
humidity and spontaneously expel about half of the adsorbed
water when the relative humidity exceeds a 50–80% threshold.
The water expulsion is reversible, and is attributed to the
interfacial forces between the confined rod surfaces. At wide
rod spacings, a monolayer of water can form on the surface of
the carbon-based rods, which subsequently leads to
condensation in the confined space between adjacent rods. As
the relative humidity increases, adjacent rods (confining
surfaces) in the bundles are drawn closer together via
capillary forces. At high relative humidity, and once the size
of the confining surfaces has decreased to a critical length,
a surface-induced evaporation phenomenon known as solvent
cavitation occurs and water that had condensed inside the
confined area is released as a vapour.
PROCESS FOR MAKING CARBON-BASED NANO-RODS FROM SWITCHABLE
IONIC LIQUIDS AND DEVICES AND PROCESSES INCORPORATING SAME
Inventor: NUNE SATISH, et al.
Applicant: BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE [US]
A method of making carbon-based nano-rods from switchable
ionic liquids (SWIL) that incorporates the SWIL is disclosed.
Resulting nano-rods provide adsorption and spontaneous
desorption of water at selected relative humidity values that
find use in selected applications and devices.
UPDATE 17 January
Body Language: NASA Planet X, Dr.
Steven Greer, Corey Goode
- For the NASA panel, they exhibited "guarded" body language
about the idea of a brown dwarf, but showed no signs of stress
about any imminent threat, ie Planet X. So they literally knew
of nothing to worry about.
- For Greer, she says he tries to make himself appear bigger
and more important than he actually is, basically exhibiting
narcissistic behavior. He has collected a lot of public
information and then constructed additional stories around it.
Her conclusion is to assume that he is just "telling you a
- For Corey Goode, she concludes that he seems to truly
believe what he's saying based on his body language, but that
this doesn't necessarily mean what he says is true. So he
could be a MILAB or he could just be coo-coo for Coco Puffs. I
know from personal experience that Goode is not above lying so
I wonder if he's not been coached in some way considering the
"career" he has chosen for himself.
Body Language: Alex Jones
The Smartest Man in the world -- Clif
High Web bot
This is what Clif High predicted 5 Months ago:
-bitcoin will top $425 3 times before taking off.
-Bitcoin will slice through the $500's.
-Chinese flock to Bitcoin.
Nearly a month ago his predictions said the following:
-Bitcoin will begin to take off July.12th moving from a solid
$688 to $1000 by the End of the Year.
-when it touches $1000 for the first time it will drop down to
-When it slices through $1000, the trip to $2000 will be
talked about regarding how fast it went.
Well, today - January 1st, 2017 we recorded $1000 Bitcoin.
According to his predictions it will fall to $900 and than we
will see $2000 Bitcoin in 2017. This recent video by Clif
talks about $600 silver.
Clif High believes all humans are psychic but only a few
realise it. All others unconsciously "leak" their psychic
predictions out on Twitter, Facebook, Reddit and other places
online through things they post. High's "web bot" crawls the
internet for these psychic premonitions. That is what this
post is based on.
Edit: For example, High predicts a major earthquake in
continental American in 2017, based on internet chatter.
Geologists, meanwhile, can barely predict earthquakes a few
hours ahead of time.Never sell bitcoin until you don't need to
clif high wujo January 12, 2017
Clif High, Web bot Report | 2008 vs
Jim Stone reports :
"Here's a message that spooked me:
The scum who run the NZ government use 1080 poison dropped
from helicopters over huge tracts of wilderness with the
stated aim of killing off all deer, as they are an introduced
species, as well as possums. What happens is that they kill
off the entire ecosystem. From a conservation viewpoint this
makes absolutely no sense at all --- the only plausible reason
is to eliminiate all wild sources of food. Why? So that when
the rats flee to NZ the locals, the few who will not take
kindly to their arrival, will have nothing to eat when they go
bush into wilderness areas, and they risk death from eating
and in some cases drinking from the 1080 poisoned ecosystem.
If you think the 1080 will break down, it won't do for a long
time under normal circumstances in the wilderness ... and
anything that dies keeps on poisoning the ecosystem anyway.
Deer head for water when dying from 1080, the eels eat them
and die, the freshwater crayfish eat the eels and die ...
everything dies. Save the native birds you reckon? No, most
die. NZ has been taken over by scum getting ready for the
influx of their mates. Airfields have been built at taxpayer
expense. And most NZers are too stupid now to understand, let
alone do anything to stop this. (See youtube "poisoning
paradise") And certain US administration personnel left
immediately prior to the past 2 serious earthquakes. Paradise
it was ... but now it is paradise lost. RIP NZ."
My response: 1080 poison is the classic fluoride poison that
used to be used for rats in the U.S..."
The Coming Famine
By Jack Perry
...Russia has already eclipsed Saudi Arabia as the
world’s biggest oil producer. This means the big Saudi oil
fields are drying up. And the government knows that, but they
can’t tell us this because it’ll create a panic. One would
think this would motivate the United States to get cozier with
Russia. However, what the United States government fears is
that if we do that, Russia will twig to the motive for it, and
realize it has the United States over a barrel. An oil barrel.
At which point the price goes up. Not to mention extracting
concessions in the global sphere of influence.
Thus, what the United States is playing at here is trying to
install a different “regime” in Russia. That being, one that
Vladimir Putin does not control or have any influence over.
This is easier said than done and the United States knows
this. But the stakes are quite a bit higher than controlling
the dwindling oil supply in the Middle East. Russia is
obviously in control of most of the world’s remaining oil
reserves. The United States needs a puppet regime in Russia to
have access to that oil without paying the correct market
price for it...
..The truth is this: Our entire economic system is based on
petroleum and low-cost petroleum at that. But the actual
nightmare is that our entire agricultural system is based on
The United States diet, especially for average Americans, is
based on only three crops: Corn, wheat, and soy. Every
processed food you see is based on fractions of those three
staples. Meat is fed those three staples, even the farm-raised
salmon you see in the store. Without those three crops, the
United States would undergo a famine not seen in the United
States ever at any point. The United States cannot feed itself
without those three crops. What’s more, many large parts of
the world depend on those three crops exported from the United
States to feed themselves, too. Therefore, without them, the
famine would turn into a runaway famine of global proportions.
Those three crops require large inputs of oil to grow,
maintain, fertilize, and harvest. The corn alone depletes the
soil to the extent synthetic fertilizer made by the Haber
Process is an absolute requirement. That synthetic fertilizer
requires oil to produce. The tractors and combines to plant
and harvest these crops run on oil. All the transportation
involved runs on oil. People have been led to believe we’ve
discovered domestic oil reserves that will give us
self-sufficiency. Who’s telling us this? The oil companies who
are in bed with the government. The fact is, if we have to
rely on these reserves alone, they will need to be devoted to
agriculture alone. Or we won’t eat...
...we better start thinking about the fact food is about to
get a lot more expensive. The days of .99 cent super bags of
corn chips are about to come to an end. Soon.
Keep in mind that the government heavily subsidizes those
three crops as it is. Otherwise, food would be a LOT more
expensive. Understand this: We are all on food stamps because
the government subsidizes corn, wheat, and soy. If they did
not, many people would not be able to afford food at all. What
you see in the store is not the real and actual cost of that
food. You’re seeing it after the government paid up to half
(or more) of the cost to grow that corn, wheat, and soy.
Including that which was fed to animals, we eat. Meaning, if
you think beef is expensive at $6.99 a pound, the actual cost
is $15.99 a pound if the government did not subsidize the corn
fed to that cattle.
That can only take place because the oil is relatively cheap.
Were the oil not cheap and the government still had to
subsidize the food crops, the money will probably have to be
diverted from Social Security, interstate highways, and the
military budget. So you can see the corner the government has
painted themselves into. They can’t afford to do nothing but
they can’t afford to get into an actual war with Russia,
either. However, the steps they are taking carry the very real
seeds of a war, but the government is willing to risk that,
gambling a certain future of food riots against the
possibility of a war. It’s a lose-lose proposition, but the
government and Wall Street are stubbornly refusing to own up
to the truth. They have staked “growth” of the economy on the
price of oil. We are in a suicide pact with them right now...
This is the “end game”. This is the future. There can be no
other reason the United States is willing to risk war with
Russia. Oil is always the reason the United States goes to war
since the 1973 Arab Oil Embargo showed us how vulnerable we
really are. But this time, we’ve got a “false prosperity” and
millions of people born solely because of the cheap food
brought to us by cheap oil. When that oil is gone, guess what?
We will not be able to feed all those people born because
cheap oil made feeding them possible. You do the math on what
9 Fun Tricks You Can Do With Static
Levitate light objects
Make an electroscope
Control the movement of balloons
Make styrofoam balls dance around in aluminum foil
Move a stick
Make a can roll around without touching it
Hover a styrofoam plate
End of the world? A 500-year-old
prophecy from ‘Italian Nostradamus’ comes TRUE
Armageddon said to follow two
days of snow in southern town of Salento - which has just
been blanketed by icy falls
By NATALIE KEEGAN
“Two days of snow, two flashes in the sky, I know the
world ends, but I do not yearn.”
COULD the end of the world be looming?
According to a prophecy from the Italian Nostradamus,
Armageddon is just around the corner.
It all comes down to the snow that has been hitting Italian
resort town Salento for the last two days.
Philosopher Matteo Tafuri, who lived between 1492 and 1582,
warned that two consecutive days of snow in the town would
lead to the apocalypse.
The region is known for its mild climate but has been left
blanketed by icy falls of late.
Matteo predicted: “Salento of palm trees and mild south wind,
snowy Salento but never after the touch.
Philosopher Matteo Tafuri, who lived between 1492 and 1582,
warned that two consecutive days of snow in the town would
lead to the apocalypse
This week snow has blanketed some parts of southern Italy –
leading some superstitious observers to believe Matteo’s
predictions will soon come true.
This revelation comes just days after a picture of the Virgin
Mary in Macedonia was spotted crying – a manifestation which
has also been linked to the end of days.
Large Saucer UFO Found Buried In
Disc coords: 74°38'18.53" S 164°31'48.53" E
Caves: 66°33'12.33"S, 99°50'20.37"E --- 66°36'12.69"S,
Rats’ intestines destroyed just 90 days
after being fed Monsanto GMO corn
by: Daniel Barker
Ever since agribusiness giant Monsanto began pushing its
GM crops on the public, the company has maintained that the
technology is safe, and that consumption of Frankenfood
products, such as genetically-modified corn, causes no ill
effects in either animals or humans.
Monsanto propaganda holds that GMOs have been proven safe, but
the truth is that few real safety studies have ever been
conducted, while much of the existing scientific literature on
the subject is bogus industry-backed drivel. However, despite
Monsanto’s efforts to control the narrative, independent
researchers have been finding evidence that contradicts the
GM Watch recently published the results of one such study,
conducted by two researchers at the Faculty of Medicine at
Tanta University, Egypt.
The researchers fed Monsanto GM corn – a genetically-altered
version of a local Egyptian corn variety – to laboratory rats
over a 90-day period, with a control group being fed a non-GM
variety of local corn. (RELATED: Stay informed about all the
news on GMOs at GMO.news)
Researchers find ‘alarming signs’
The rats which were fed the GM corn (MON810: Ajeeb YG)
developed “serious damage to the surface mucous membranes of
the jejunum (part of the small intestine).”
From GM Watch:
“In the GM-fed rats, some areas of the villi – finger-like
structures in the intestine that absorb nutrients from food –
were damaged. They were distorted and flattened, with some
cells joined together. The damage can clearly be seen in the
images included in the study. The crypts (mucosal glands) were
disrupted and blood vessels were congested. Signs of
inflammation – white blood cell infiltration – were seen
around areas of damage. In addition, the cells of the
intestinal lining were abnormal in structure.
“Other signs of damage included increased shedding of mucosal
cells, increased numbers of mucous-secreting goblet cells, and
higher rates of division of cells lining the crypts.”
The researchers concluded that despite Monsanto’s assurances,
the consumption of GM corn “profoundly altered the
histological structure of the jejunal mucosa at many levels
and revealed several alarming signs.”
Two earlier Egyptian studies involving rats that consumed the
same Monsanto GM variety corn revealed other types of damage.
One of the studies found “differences in organ and body
weights and in blood biochemistry” between rats that consumed
MON810: Ajeeb YG and those which ate a non-GM version of the
same variety, suggesting that the GM corn might produce
“potential adverse health/toxic effects.”
The second study, conducted by the same research team, found
“toxic effects” in several organs of lab rats caused by the
same GM variety – including damage to the liver, kidneys,
intestines and testes.
The publication of the study comes as the European
Commission pushes plans to begin growing MON810 corn in 2017.
A vote is scheduled for January 17.
Monsanto GM corn strain poses genetic contamination risk
Interestingly, there appears to be another problem with
MON810. Independent nonprofit research institute Test Biotech
has reported that MON810 poses a risk of GM transgenes
spreading to other plant species, and is calling for a
withdrawal of Monsanto’s application to the EU for approval of
It’s become increasingly evident that GM technology has turned
out to be – as many predicted – a dangerous experiment gone
completely awry. GM crops have failed to produce the promised
yields, while more and more studies are uncovering health
risks associated with the technology.
Glyphosate, the main ingredient in Monsanto’s Roundup – an
herbicide essential to the whole Monsanto biotech equation –
is a highly toxic and carcinogenic chemical. Glyphosate has
now become the most widely used herbicide in history, and
roughly 19 percent of all glyphosate produced since it was
first introduced in 1974 has been dumped on the United States
alone. (Related: We also cover glyphosate “RoundUp” news at
It’s time for a complete global ban on GM agriculture and
the use of glyphosate.
To stay informed on all the nefarious people pushing these
poisons on humanity, read MonsantoMafia.com.
Physicists have created a new form of
The most abundant element in the Universe just got
As the element that makes up 75 percent of all the mass
in the Universe, and more than 90 percent of all the atoms,
we’re all pretty well acquainted with hydrogen.
But the simplest and most abundant element in the Universe
still has some tricks up its sleeve, because physicists have
just created a never-before-seen form of hydrogen - negatively
charged hydrogen clusters.
To understand what negatively charged hydrogen clusters are,
you first have to wrap your head around their far more common
counterparts - positively charged hydrogen clusters.
Positively charged hydrogen clusters are pretty much exactly
what they sound like - positively charged clusters of a few or
many hydrogen molecules.
Known simply as hydrogen ion clusters, they form at very low
temperatures, and can contain as many as 100 individual atoms.
Physicists confirmed the existence of hydrogen ion clusters
some 40 years ago, and while a negative counterpart to these
clusters boasting large numbers of atoms were theorised, no
one could figure out how to create one.
But that didn't stop a team of physicists led by Michael
Renzler from the University of Innsbruck in Austria from
giving it a shot.
First, they injected cold liquid helium droplets with hydrogen
(H2) molecules. This caused the mixture to form clusters with
a neutral charge.
Next, they exposed these H2-infused droplets to an electron
beam, and that caused some of the hydrogen molecules to
ionise, and be flung out into the surrounding vacuum as
negatively charged hydrogen ions.
Soon, nearby hydrogen molecules started clustering around the
negatively charged ions, and the researchers discovered that
these newly formed groups could boast a few, or many molecules
As is often the case with the most elusive structures in
particle physics, these negatively charged hydrogen clusters
existed only for an incredibly fleeting moment - several
microseconds (1 microsecond = 0.000001 seconds).
But that was enough time for the team to determine their
As Michael Schirber reports for the American Physical Society,
the researchers found that the clusters only had odd atom
numbers, ranging from n= 5 to n = 129.
The most stable clusters had a central, negatively charged H−
ion core sounded by shells that were completely filled up by
"The odd values implied that the clusters were a combination
of several H2 molecules and a single H− ion core, held
together through an induced dipole attraction," Schirber
The most commonly recorded clusters had the atomic numbers n =
25, n = 65, and n = 89.
These 'magic numbers', as the team calls them, correspond to
symmetrical, almost solid arrangements of H2 molecules, such
as a 20-sided icosahedron. (You can see one of these
formations in the image at the top of the page.)
So why does all this matter? For years now, researchers have
suspected that these large hydrogen clusters could form
naturally in outer space, either in cold, dense clouds, or the
atmospheres of gas planets.
Now that we know that negatively charged hydrogen clusters
aren't impossible, and what their most common and stable form
could be, it could make it easier to identify them in nature
for the time.
And at a time when researchers are questioning if dark matter
- the stuff that hypothetically makes up 27 percent of the
observable Universe - even exists, we need all the help we can
get when it comes to deciphering the smallest constituents of
the space around us.
The research has been published in Physical Review Letters.
Synopsis: Hydrogen Clusters Go Negative
Negatively charged hydrogen ion clusters—consisting of
five or more hydrogen atoms—have been observed for the first
At very low temperatures, hydrogen (H) can form ionized
clusters containing as many as a hundred atoms. Previously
only observed with positive charge, researchers have now
detected negatively charged clusters. The number of hydrogen
atoms in these clusters is always odd, but certain numbers of
atoms appear more often than others. The results suggest that
the clusters are based on a solid-like structure in which a
ion is surrounded by an ordered arrangement of H2 molecules.
Theorists long ago predicted that hydrogen clusters with large
atom numbers may form in outer space, and lab experiments
confirmed the existence of positively charged clusters 40
years ago. Negatively charged clusters (or anions) have proved
more elusive. Until now, the largest hydrogenic anion was H−3
In their experiment, Michael Renzler from the University of
Innsbruck in Austria and his colleagues injected H2 molecules
into cold liquid-helium droplets, where the molecules form
neutral clusters. When the team exposed the droplets to an
electron beam, the clusters ionized and escaped into the
surrounding vacuum. The H−n clusters were stable for at least
several microseconds—long enough for them to reach a mass
spectrometer that recorded a range of odd atom numbers from
n=5 to n=129. The odd values implied that the clusters were a
combination of several H2 molecules and a single H− ion core,
held together through an induced dipole attraction. The
highest observed abundances were for n=25, 65, and 89. These
“magic numbers” correspond to symmetrical solid-like
arrangements of H2 molecules, such as a 20-sided icosahedron.
Future studies may explore the chemistry of these large anions
and possible quantum effects in the vibrational excitations of
the crystalline structures..
Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 273001 (2016)
Anionic Hydrogen Cluster Ions as a New
Form of Condensed Hydrogen
Michael Renzler, Martin Kuhn, Andreas Mauracher, Albrecht
Lindinger, Paul Scheier, and Andrew M. Ellis
We report the first experimental observation of
negatively charged hydrogen and deuterium cluster ions, H−n
and D−n, where n≥5. These anions are formed by an electron
addition to liquid helium nanodroplets doped with molecular
hydrogen or deuterium. The ions are stable for at least the
lifetime of the experiment, which is several tens of
microseconds. Only anions with odd values of n are detected,
and some specific ions show anomalously high abundances. The
sizes of these “magic number” ions suggest an icosahedral
framework of H2 (D2) molecules in solvent shells around a
central H− (D−) ion. The first three shells, which contain a
total of 44 H2 or D2 molecules, appear to be solidlike, but
thereafter a more liquidlike arrangement of the H2 (D2)
molecules is adopted.
Plants Don't Lie
Proof Brown's Gas enhances life and health
Hillary Clinton's Greatest Speech :
Ancient Chinese medicine shows promise
in the treatment of tuberculosis
Scientists have identified new compound that
could reduce TB treatment duration.
By Léa Surugue
Artemisinin, the ancient Chinese medicine that
dramatically reduced the number of deaths from malaria around
the world, may also help treat people suffering from
tuberculosis. This approach could provide a solution to one of
main problems associated with TB treatment – the length it
takes to cure the disease completely...
2017 Prophecy For Israel & USA:
America Will Be Divided Into Two Like Israel
Sadhu Sundar Selvaraj
MMS Jim Humble the Good the Bad the
I've been working with, and researching, chlorine dioxide
for two years. I've made my own batches of nearly 100%, using
a different formula. There are more than eight formulas to
make chlorine dioxide. I have the Genesis II Church member
card. I'm not anti-MMS.
Jim Humble is a great humanitarian, and must have been a good
NASA engineer. However, his chemistry is bad, which he has
said in his book. And his understanding of body biochemistry
is completely wrong. My main purpose, for this paper, is to
correct his mistakes.
The medical establishment's attack, against MMS, is based on a
simplistic, uninformed, negative, buzz word slander. Clorox
bleach is not labeled with the skull poison symbol. Like many
products, it has warnings. And the warnings are exaggerated,
as usual. For instance, it warns of burns to the skin. Hah,
I've had bleach on my hands many times. It feels slimy, but
doesn't cause a burn. They also use the word "industrial"
bleach. "Industrial" makes it sound bad. Supermarket packaged
foods are made in a factory. It's an industry. There's nothing
bad about being industrial. Sodium chlorite and chlorine
dioxide are in the general category of "bleach". That's good
if you want to disinfect. And chlorine dioxide is used, for
instance in municipal water supplies, because it is the safest
one. As I will cover later, bleach oxidizers can do damage. So
concentrations must be low.
I'm experienced enough to be aware of the inner works of
some groups, especially ones like the FDA. The whole attack,
on MMS, may possibly be traced to one man, Mr. Mizer in the US
Dept. of Justice, since everyone is repeating his slander,
about bleach. There's a cadre of such people who hate
Christianity, and so can't stand medical people using the
words "cure" or "miracle". For sure, the attack is uninformed,
and so it is illegitimate.
To begin correcting Jim's mistaken ideas about chemistry.
Chlorine dioxide is not an ion. It does not have a charge. It
is a molecule. Molecules do not have a charge. Chlorine
dioxide is unusual, in that it doesn't dissolve, ionize, in
water. Body cells are a complex structure of many molecules.
They do not have a charge. So chlorine dioxide is not repelled
by body cells, and it is not attracted to only bad bacteria.
Bacteria are cells, and so do not have a charge. The Gram
Stain is not a positive or negative charge. The positive and
negative means yes or no for the bacteria becoming stained
with a dye. Chlorine dioxide is a free radical, meaning it has
an unfilled electron space. This is how it oxidizes. When
reacting with organic molecules, chlorine dioxide usually
functions as a highly selective oxidant due to its unique,
one-electron transfer mechanism where it is reduced back to
the chlorite ion. When oxidizing some inorganics, like ferric
oxide, it can accept a total of five electrons, which would
break it down to a chloride ion, as in salt, and two oxygen
ions. Jim's claim that electron shells hold atoms together,
and that the nucleus would fly apart if the electrons are
drawn away, is false. It takes a high-powered atom smasher to
Chlorine dioxide is said to work differently on different
pathogens. Bacteria, fungi, parasite and tumor cells are
vulnerable to oxidants because of these components; thiols,
polyamines, purines, amino acids with thiols, phenols, and
amines [Dr. Thomas Hesselink's paper about malaria]. The
method of chlorine dioxide bacterial kill, at low ppm
concentration, seems to occur by the disruption of protein
synthesis and enzyme inactivation. This is similar to the
non-toxic mechanism of some common antibiotics. It does not
blow a hole in cell walls. It acts on good as well as bad
bacteria, so probiotics should be taken after treatment is
finished. Oxidation of RNA and DNA do not appear to take
place, or are at least unimportant in the process. The site of
action lies in the soluble fraction of the cell and there
appears to be no damage to internal structural components such
as ribosomes. At high ppm, the method of rapid bacterial and
viral kill appears to be the softening and destroying of the
cell wall, or viral capsid.
Chlorine dioxide can definitely hurt body tissue, as well
as pathogens. It kills algae, parasite organisms, and some
insect eggs or larvae, such as mosquitoes. If the
concentration is high enough, it can kill zebra mussels and
some fish, such as trout (the lethal LC50 for rainbow trout is
290 ppm for 96 hours). Since I believed Jim's harmlessness
claim, at first, I took massive doses of pure chlorine
dioxide, and inhaled full breaths of it. Once, my lungs hurt
for three days afterwards. And massive doses caused my ears to
ring, probably damaging sensitive inner ear nerve hairs. So
doses should be kept small, and luckily chlorine dioxide works
with the lowest doses, compared to other disinfectants. There
are many institutional papers assessing the toxicity of
chlorine dioxide, sodium chlorite and chlorate. The main
problem area is red blood cells. With prolonged, higher dose
(up to 1000 ppm for chlorine dioxide, and 100 ppm for chlorite
and chlorate) daily use in rat's drinking water, for 1-2
months, some hemoglobin can be oxidized to methemoglobin which
doesn't carry oxygen. Also, red blood cell count can decrease.
Chlorate (ClO3-), which can rupture RBCs, is the worst with
serious RBC loss after nine months. There is a claim that some
chlorate can be produced in MMS reactions, such as with pH
less than 3, and some chemical studies claim chlorine dioxide
can change into some chlorate in water. Red blood cells have
glutathione to protect them from oxidation, but cell levels
can be decreased with prolonged treatment. Other studies show
no methemoglobin at these dose levels. There is a reference
stating that there's an enzyme that reduces methemoglobin back
to normal hemoglobin. One study with low dose, single dose,
pure chlorine dioxide using people, showed no problems at 0.34
mg/kg of body weight. In these studies, the doses of sodium
chlorite and chlorate were only 1/10th of the amount of
chlorine dioxide, evidently for safety reasons, meaning they
considered chlorine dioxide much safer. Different studies have
found the following safe levels of chlorine dioxide in all of
the drinking water, per day: 15 mg/kg in mice for 1 month; 9
mg/kg in green monkeys for 1-2 months; 2 mg/kg in
Sprague-Dawley rats for 3 months. At higher doses there could
be some nasal irritation from chlorine dioxide gas evaporating
at the drinking tube. Effect on newborn rat pups: decreased
pup development, decreased thyroid hormone levels (thyroid
hormones T3 and T4 are phenols), and decreased brain cell
count, were found at 14 mg/kg of body weight per day in
drinking water for the mother rats during gestation and
lactation. Dosing below 14 mg/kg had no observed effect, such
as in a 3 mg/kg test. I don't think anyone should take
maintenance doses for years, especially with so much sodium
chlorite in the MMS mix. And doses should be in mg/kg or
/pound of body weight, not in drops. Also, Jim is wrong about
MMS lasting only one hour in the body. Rat studies show that
100% chlorine dioxide, not the MMS mix, reaches peak blood
level in 2 hours, with half absorbed in 3.5 hours. The
leftover sodium chlorite, in the MMS mix, reaches peak blood
level in 8 hours. 21% of it is still in the blood after 72
hours. So dosing every hour is not a good idea. Studies use
one dose per day. There probably hasn't been much research
about the effect of chlorite and chlorine dioxide on
prescription drugs in the body, but oxidizers are one thing
used by illegal drug users to nullify drugs in their urine
test. So they probably can affect some prescription drugs in
the body. For myself, I would only take low dose pure chlorine
dioxide, such as chlorine dioxide solution (CDS), or the new
MMS1 tablets in a glass of water [do not swallow the tablet].
Precautions must be employed in people with
glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase deficiency disease, as they
are especially sensitive to oxidants of all kinds.
As chlorine dioxide is a free radical, antioxidants will
quench it back into a chlorite ion. This happens with many
antioxidants; Vit. E, Vit. A, CoQ10, flavonoids,
Beta-carotene, Lycopene, Lutein, etc., not only vitamin C. So
no antioxidant supplements, or natural juices or foods should
be consumed with chlorine dioxide. Lemon, or lime juice, has
vitamin C and other antioxidants, so are not good to mix with
Jim believes that MMS gets completely changed into chlorine
dioxide, in the stomach, if you swallow it. This is no more
true than what happens when activating MMS in a glass beaker.
There is only a small continuous basal secretion of gastric
acid, on an empty stomach, of usually less than 10 mEq/hour.
It takes food to stimulate the secretion of gastric fluid, and
then the HCl is only 0.5 to 1% of it. And acidifying sodium
chlorite does not produce chlorine dioxide as the first step.
It produces chlorous acid, HClO2. [HCl + NaClO2 = HClO2 +
NaCl] HClO2 is unstable, and breaks down into chlorine dioxide
and hydrochloric acid. [5 HClO2 decomposes to 4 ClO2 + HCl + 2
H2O] Furthermore, at a pH in the range of 2.3 - 3.2, only
about 30% chlorous acid is produced from the acidification.
That leaves about 70% leftover sodium chlorite. Citric acid is
a weak acid, and only produces about 10% chlorine dioxide. And
citric acid can have the taste problem. Luckily, the leftover
sodium chlorite is also a disinfectant, although it is much
harsher than chlorine dioxide, and not as selective. With
exact concentrations and conditions, HCl can produce nearly
100% chlorine dioxide. Also, the acidification of 1.3M sodium
chlorite with 10% acetic acid yielded almost entirely chlorine
dioxide as the major product of the disproportionation.
Acidified Sodium Chlorite is used by many food processing
companies, and the short-lived chlorous acid is also a
Sodium chlorite is a different animal. I have brushed my teeth
with less than one ounce of 80% sodium chlorite solution.
Afterwards, one corner of my lips hurt, and my gums were red
and sore, with a small amount of bleeding when brushed. This
took several days to heal. A single dose of 105 mg/kg weight
will kill half of rats tested. That's called the LD50, lethal
dose. For a 150 lb person, that's a little over 7 grams. In
another test, with cats, a single dose of 1.5 mg/kg caused as
much as 32% methemoglobin. That's losing about 1/3 of your
blood oxygen supply. This loss does reverse back into normal
hemoglobin over time. A 90 day study on rats found a No
Adverse Effect Level at 1 mg/kg. Another 13 week study found
very serious consequences at the highest doses; death,
increased spleen and adrenal weights, ulceration, chronic
inflammation and edema in the stomach. In a 90 day study, red
blood cell glutathione levels, in a high dose group, were 40%
below those of controls. MMS with citric acid has about 90%
sodium chlorite leftover. So it's safer to use only chlorine
Under some circumstances, calcium hypochlorite, MMS2,
solutions can decompose to form some chlorate. In water it
reacts to form hypochlorous acid and calcium hydroxide. This
is the same chemistry as Clorox, sodium hypochlorite. The
hydroxide part is caustic. It eats into body tissue. It's well
known that these pool chemicals can irritate the eyes, if you
swim a long time. He notes that hypochlorous acid is formed in
the body. Yes. However it is formed inside white blood cells
when they find an invading micro-organism, and only then. So
it works only on the invader. Normal mammalian body cells, as
well as bacteria, do not have a catalytically active
detoxifying mechanism for it. So the hypochlorous acid can
destroy body tissue as well as invaders. And ingesting it puts
it in your bloodstream and body. Also, it's not as effective
as chlorine dioxide. So it offers nothing new. No one should
ingest MMS2, calcium hypochlorite, in any way. Swallowing a
capsule containing solid calcium hypochlorite must surely
"burn" the stomach. Also, calcium hypochlorite reacts with
hydrochloric acid, stomach acid, to produce chlorine gas.
Chlorine gas is the worst of all types of chlorine compounds.
Here's a quote from one of Jim's books: "Actually my friend
next door in the Nevada desert, Bill Boynton, came over one
day and said that calcium hypochlorite killed germs in
swimming pools and it might just be another MMS. He suggested
that we try taking small amounts and see what happens. I
figured if he was game to do it, I was too. We made up some
gel capsules with calcium hypochlorite in them and started
taking them and when they didn't kill us, we had some friends
take them. ... I decided to use the gel caps and started
sending it out to people in the gel cap form. It's something a
doctor could never do. He has the Hippocratic Oath and AMA and
FDA looking over his shoulder. But I am an inventor and never
took that oath." p.112.
Stabilized Oxygen, as sodium chlorite, is known by some
people as a biocide for killing parasites. And at first, this
is what Jim used, alone, to cure malaria. It's not clear who
started selling Stabilized Oxygen, or why the mistaken name
was used. It goes back far enough that the ingredient was not
listed, leading to confusion. In 1929, Dr. Moisés de Guevarra
was selling a dry powder named "stabilized oxygen". In 1971,
Dr. La Mar was the first to use a solution with "stabilized
oxygen" to increase blood oxygen level. Evidently, it's
unknown if either of these was sodium chlorite. E.D. Goodloe,
1971, sold "aerobic stabilized oxygen", produced in a
2-month-long production process in 14 stages. The oxygen is in
association with sodium chloride, not sodium chlorite. Sodium
chlorite could be used alone, as long as doses are below the
vomiting threshold. Making up a new name, for Stabilized
Oxygen (sodium chlorite), is what commercial companies do to
sell a product. And changing the wording, of MMS, only causes
confusion. Health newsletters simply use the names of the
Getting sick, with Jim's method, is not a herxheimer
reaction. The herxheimer reaction (Jarrisch and Herxheimer) is
a phenomena originally observed in the treatment of syphilis.
In general terms, it is described as a temporary increase of
symptoms when antibiotics are administered. This effect
happens with only a few diseases. Similar reactions have been
found to occur in two kinds of borreliosis (Lyme disease and
relapsing fever), brucellosis, Q fever, and trypanosomiasis.
Herxheimer can occur within days to weeks after the onset of
antibiotic therapy. The most common effects include: increased
joint or muscle pain, headaches, chills, fever (usually
low-grade), drop in blood pressure, hives and rash. Lyme is
the main one, now, to have this problem. The extremely large
doses of pure chlorine dioxide, that I took, caused no nausea,
vomiting or diarrhea. In fact I felt high until the next
morning. I've also swallowed a half eye-dropper of the 80%
liquid sodium chlorite alone in water. It caused a vomit
stomach spasm reaction within 30 minutes. Chlorous acid is
evidently the one that causes liquid diarrhea. I got that with
my first use of MMS with lime juice. The vomiting and diarrhea
are the body's attempt to get rid of what you ingested. They
are not a die-off or Herxheimer effect.
We owe Jim for making this subject public, and his other
work. But I discovered, from being on the Genesis II Church
Forum, that everyone was extremely closed minded about saying
anything that disagreed with Jim. They even ban people who
disagree with anything, even a chemist. So I have to conclude
that Jim's history, with NASA or otherwise, has made him
somewhat arrogant. I don't like to criticize people, but he's
created an atmosphere that he is perfect, and knows more.
That's the kind of problem in cults. Chlorine dioxide, and
acidified sodium chlorite, are not new. There's been plenty of
official health research, and patents, long before Jim found
that "stabilized oxygen" (sodium chlorite) kills the malaria
parasite. And some of his protocols may have too much sodium
chlorite per day. He's so unprofessional that he doesn't give
dosages per pound of weight of the patient. Obviously Jim has
done no stomach sample tests, or blood tests to prove his
claims. Chlorine dioxide has been said, by a chemist society,
to be the best anti-pathogen. But do your own research.
I'm not trying to scare you away from MMS. As long as you
stay within the No Adverse Effect Levels, it's usable. If I
had a deadly disease, I would use it even at somewhat damaging
levels. For recommended dose levels of the sodium chlorite
part, see Dr. Hesselink's table below. One benefit of these
chlorine oxidants is that, in low doses, they can stimulate
white blood cells to produce cytokines which stimulate other
white blood cells, activating the immune system.
There's a great Patent, from 1990's work, with very
exacting biochemical research. The test studies showed that
sodium chlorite alone is successful at treating autoimmune
diseases, which may include diabetes-1, Parkinson, MS,
hepatitis, etc. [Use of a chemically-stabilized chlorite
solution for inhibiting an antigen-specific immune
Lab Tests with Chlorine Dioxide
Disinfection examples include bacteria, yeast, fungi,
mold, algae, spores, protozoans, cryptosporidia,
actinomycetes, cysts, giardia and larval eggs (mosquito, tse
tse fly), insect eggs and larvae (agricultural pests, fruit
fly, floricultural and horticultural insects), problematic
veligers (zebra mussels, quagga mussels), fish and shellfish
diseases (VHS, KHS, ISA) and many others.
Unlike chlorine, ClO2 has the ability to kill water-borne
viruses such as legionella, cholera, dengue, hepatitis and
typhoid. ClO2 also kills airborne viruses when misted into
air. Airborne viruses include anthrax, influenza, SARS,
smallpox, chickenpox and avian flu. ClO2 kills all known
bacteria, including coliform, salmonella, E-coli, listeria and
cinobacteria. ClO2 eliminates microbial slime (biofilm).
Hospital Infection Research Laboratory UK, Institute de
Recherche Microbiologique France, Micropathology UK,
Biotech-Germande France, Bluscientific UK, PHLS UK
Spores: Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus subtilis
var niger, Anthrax [used to disinfect the DC anthrax attack]
Mycobacteria: Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare,
Mycobacterium chelonae, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium
terrae, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Viruses: Canine Parvovirus, Coxsackivirus B3, Hepatitis A,
Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Herpes simplex virus Type 1, HIV
Type 1 , Human Norovirus, Influenza virus Type A2, Poliovirus
Type 1, Poliovirus Type 2, SARS,
Fungi: Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans
Bacteria: Acetinobacter baumannii, Clostridium difficile [C.
diff], Enterococcus faecium (vancomycin resistant),
Enterococcus hirae, Escherichia coli [E. coli], Pseudomonas
aeruginosa, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (gentamicin resistant),
Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin
resistant) [MRSA], Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Listeria
UPDATE 8 January
Is civilisation heading for a COLLAPSE?
Mathematical historian predicts political turmoil will peak
in the 2020s
By Abigail Beall
The rise and fall of civilisations can be predicted by a
simple equation, and our civilisation is in for a fall some time
This is according to Peter Turchin, from the University of
Connecticut, who says mathematics can explain human behaviour
far more accurately than you might think.
And if his calculations are correct, the world should be
prepared for years of political turmoil that will peak at some
point in the next century.
A professor of Ecology and Mathematics from the University
of Connecticut, Peter Turchin has led the development of a
cross-disciplinary subject called 'cliodynamics'.
'Cliodynamics is a new 'transdisciplinary discipline' that
treats history as just another science,' Professor Turchin says.
He started out using maths to predict human activity from 1500
B.C.E. to 1500 C.E.
Then three years ago, using similar models, he began to forecast
'My model indicated that social instability and political
violence would peak in the 2020s,' he says.
The presidential election which we have experienced,
unfortunately, confirms this forecast.
'We seem to be well on track for the 2020s instability peak.'
Exactly what will happen when this 'peak' occurs is unknown, and
Professor Turchin says the theory does not predict events. but
He said the turmoil would be driven by a process of 'elite
overproduction' in which the number of rich, elite people in
society grows larger and they become ever more distant from
Social instability lies ahead, researcher
January 4, 2017 by Peter Turchin
Cliodynamics is a new "transdisciplinary discipline" that
treats history as just another science. Ten years ago I started
applying its tools to the society I live in: the United States.
What I discovered alarmed me.
My research showed that about 40 seemingly disparate (but,
according to cliodynamics, related) social indicators
experienced turning points during the 1970s. Historically, such
developments have served as leading indicators of political
turmoil. My model indicated that social instability and
political violence would peak in the 2020s.
The presidential election which we have experienced,
unfortunately, confirms this forecast. We seem to be well on
track for the 2020s instability peak. And although the election
is over, the deep structural forces that brought us the current
political crisis have not gone away. If anything, the negative
trends seem to be accelerating.
My model tracks a number of factors. Some reflect the
developments that have been noticed and extensively discussed:
growing income and wealth inequality, stagnating and even
declining well-being of most Americans, growing political
fragmentation and governmental dysfunction (see Return of the
Oppressed). But most social scientists and political
commentators tend to focus on a particular slice of the problem.
It's not broadly appreciated that these developments are all
interconnected. Our society is a system in which different parts
affect each other, often in unexpected ways.
Furthermore, there is another important development that has
been missed by most commentators: the key role of "elite
overproduction" in driving waves of political violence, both in
historical societies and in our own (see Blame Rich,
Overeducated Elites as Our Society Frays). As I wrote three
years ago, "Increasing inequality leads not only to the growth
of top fortunes; it also results in greater numbers of
wealth-holders. The '1 percent' becomes '2 percent.' Or even
more. … from 1983 to 2010 the number of American households
worth at least $10 million grew to 350,000 from 66,000. Rich
Americans tend to be more politically active than the rest of
the population. … In technical terms, such a situation is known
as 'elite overproduction.' … Elite overproduction generally
leads to more intra-elite competition that gradually undermines
the spirit of cooperation, which is followed by ideological
polarization and fragmentation of the political class. This
happens because the more contenders there are, the more of them
end up on the losing side. A large class of disgruntled
elite-wannabes, often well-educated and highly capable, has been
denied access to elite positions."
This was written when Donald Trump was known only as a real
estate mogul and reality show host; well before this
presidential election characterized by an unprecedented collapse
of social norms governing civilized discourse – "epic ugliness,"
in the words of the New York Times columnist Frank Bruni.
The victory of Donald Trump changes nothing in this equation.
The "social pump" creating new aspirants for political offices
continues to operate at full strength. In addition to
politically ambitious multi-millionaires, the second important
source of such aspirants is U.S. law schools, which every year
churn out twice as many law graduates as there are job openings
for them – about 25,000 "surplus" lawyers, many of whom are in
debt. It is emblematic that the 2016 election pitted a
billionaire against a lawyer.
Another visible sign of increasing intra-elite competition and
political polarization is the fragmentation of political
parties. The Republican Party is in the process of splitting up
into three factions: Traditional Republicans, Tea Party
Republicans, and Trump Populists. These divisions run so deep
that many Republicans refused to endorse Trump, and some even
voted for Clinton. Similar disintegrative forces have also been
at work within the Democratic Party, with a major fault line
dividing Bernie Sanders' Democratic Socialists from the
Establishment Democrats of Obama and Clinton.
So far in this analysis I have emphasized elite overproduction.
There are two reasons for it. First, as I mentioned before,
other factors are much better understood, and have been
discussed, by social scientists and political commentators.
Secondly, cliodynamic research on past societies demonstrates
that elite overproduction is by far the most important of the
three main historical drivers of social instability and
political violence (see Secular Cycles for this analysis).
But the other two factors in the model, popular immiseration
(the stagnation and decline of living standards) and declining
fiscal health of the state (resulting from falling state
revenues and rising expenses) are also important contributors.
From what I have seen so far, it seems unlikely that the Trump
administration will succeed in reversing these negative trends.
And some of the proposed policies will likely make them worse.
For example, drastically reducing taxes on wealthy Americans
will hardly strengthen the fiscal health of the state.
Thus I see no reason to revise the forecast I made three years
ago: "We should expect many years of political turmoil, peaking
in the 2020s."
But this is a science-based forecast, not a "prophecy". It's
based on solid social science, the workings of which I have left
"under the hood" in this article intended for a general
audience. But the science is there. If you are interested in
looking under the hood, see my recently published book, Ages of
Because it's a scientific theory, we also need to understand the
limitations of what it can forecast. Cliodynamics is about broad
social trends and deep structural causes of these developments.
It did not predict that Donald Trump would become the American
President in 2016. But it did predict rising social and
political instability. And, unless something is done,
instability will continue to rise.
So what's to be done? I find myself in the shoes of Hari Seldon,
a fictional character in Isaac Asimov's Foundation, whose
science of history (which he called psychohistory) predicted the
decline and fall of his own society. Should we follow Seldon's
lead and establish a Cliodynamic Foundation somewhere in the
remote deserts of Australia?
This would be precisely the wrong thing to do. It didn't work
even in Isaac Asimov's fictional universe. The problem with
secretive cabals is that they quickly become self-serving, and
then mire themselves in internecine conflict. Asimov came up
with the Second Foundation to watch over the First. But who
watches the watchers? In the end it all came down to a uniquely
powerful and uniquely benevolent super-robot, R. Daneel Olivaw.
No, the only way forward is through an open discussion of
problems and potential solutions, and broad-based collective
action to implement them. It's messy and slow, but that's how
lasting positive change usually comes about.
Another important consideration is that in Foundation, Seldon's
equations told him that it would be impossible to stop the
decline of the Galactic Empire – Trantor must fall. In real
life, thankfully, things are different. And this is another way
in which the forecasts of cliodynamics differ from prophecies of
doom. They give us tools not only to understand the problem, but
also potentially to fix it.
But to do it, we need to develop much better science. What we
need is a nonpolitical, indeed a fiercely non-partisan
center/institute/think tank that would develop and refine a
better scientific understanding of how we got into this mess;
and then translate that science into policy to help us get out
Our society, like all previous complex societies, is on a
rollercoaster. Impersonal social forces bring us to the top;
then comes the inevitable plunge. But the descent is not
inevitable. Ours is the first society that can perceive how
those forces operate, even if dimly. This means that we can
avoid the worst – perhaps by switching to a less harrowing
track, perhaps by redesigning the rollercoaster altogether.
Graphene Nanotubes-Sulfur Catalyst for
A team of UConn chemists led by professors Steven Suib and
James Rusling has developed a new material that could make
hydrogen capture more commercially viable and provide a key
element for a new generation of cheaper, light-weight hydrogen
The new metal-free catalyst uses carbon graphene nanotubes
infused with sulfur...
Current hydrogen production uses intense heat to separate
hydrogen from hydrocarbons found in crude oil. But the resulting
hydrogen isn't very pure, and byproducts must be scrubbed out.
An alternate process, capturing hydrogen in water, is cleaner
and more sustainable, but it too has limitations.
Electrocatalysts involved in this process are usually made of
rare earth metals like platinum and iridium. But they are very
expensive, making the commercialization of pure hydrogen fuels
Suib and Rusling, an expert in electrochemistry, knew that
sulfur-infused carbon graphene nanotubes were a potentially
efficient non-metal catalyst for an oxygen reduction reaction.
An oxygen reduction reaction, or ORR, happens when oxygen and
hydrogen molecules are converted to water. The reaction is a key
component of hydrogen-based fuel cells. Hydrogen gas used to
power the cells passes through a catalyst, currently a
corrosive-resistant metal like platinum, causing an oxygen
reduction electrochemical reaction that creates energy and – as
a byproduct – water.
But reversing that process – starting with water and extracting
pure hydrogen from it, a procedure known as an oxygen evolution
reaction – is much more of a challenge electrochemically. Suib
and Rusling, working with a team of graduate students led by
Ph.D. candidates Abdelhamid El-Sawy and Islam Mosa, decided to
give it a shot.
The key, Suib says, was manipulating the sulfur and carbon atoms
to create stable bonds and structures within the nanotubes,
while also maintaining or improving the tubes' electrochemical
potential so that it mirrored those found in the rare metals...
The process developed in Suib's and Rusling's labs uses a dual
doping procedure involving sulfur and benzyl disulfide treated
at high heat. The researchers had to carefully add heteroatoms
of sulfur at extremely low levels to strike the delicate balance
needed to maintain usability and stability. Add too much sulfur
and the sample would be unstable; not enough and it would be
In the end, he says, the sulfur-doped nanotubes used much less
energy in the chemical reaction process than other known
processes, and were much more active and efficient catalysts
than other known products.
Most importantly, he points out, the sulfur-infused nanotubes
are efficient for both separating hydrogen from water and
reducing oxygen into water. Materials with those dual properties
are rare, he notes...
Doctors have found a way to manipulate wounds to heal as
regenerated skin rather than scar tissue. The method involves
transforming the most common type of cells found in wounds into
fat cells -- something that was previously thought to be
impossible in humans. Researchers began this work at the
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania,
which led to a large-scale, multi-year study in connection with
the Plikus Laboratory for Developmental and Regenerative Biology
at the University of California, Irvine. They published their
findings online in the journal Science on Thursday, January 5th,
Fat cells called adipocytes are normally found in the skin, but
they're lost when wounds heal as scars. The most common cells
found in healing wounds are myofibroblasts, which were thought
to only form a scar. Scar tissue also does not have any hair
follicles associated with it, which is another factor that gives
it an abnormal appearance from the rest of the skin. Researchers
used these characteristics as the basis for their work --
changing the already present myofibroblasts into fat cells that
do not cause scarring.
"Essentially, we can manipulate wound healing so that it leads
to skin regeneration rather than scarring," said George
Cotsarelis, MD, the chair of the Department of Dermatology and
the Milton Bixler Hartzell Professor of Dermatology at Penn, and
the principal investigator of the project. "The secret is to
regenerate hair follicles first. After that, the fat will
regenerate in response to the signals from those follicles."
The study showed hair and fat develop separately but not
independently. Hair follicles form first, and the Cotsarelis lab
previously discovered factors necessary for their formation. Now
they've discovered additional factors actually produced by the
regenerating hair follicle to convert the surrounding
myofibroblasts to regenerate as fat instead of forming a scar.
That fat will not form without the new hairs, but once it does,
the new cells are indistinguishable from the pre-existing fat
cells, giving the healed wound a natural look instead of leaving
a scar. As they examined the question of what was sending the
signal from the hair to the fat cells, researchers identified a
factor called Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP). It instructs the
myofibroblasts to become fat. This signaling was groundbreaking
on its own, as it changed what was previously known about
Regeneration of fat cells from
myofibroblasts during wound healing
Maksim V. Plikus, et al.
Although regeneration via the reprogramming of one cell
lineage to another occurs in fish and amphibians, it is not
observed in mammals. We discovered in mouse that during wound
healing adipocytes regenerate from myofibroblasts, a cell type
thought to be differentiated and non-adipogenic. Myofibroblast
reprogramming required neogenic hair follicles, which triggered
BMP signaling and then activation of adipocyte transcription
factors expressed during development. Overexpression of the BMP
antagonist, noggin, in hair follicles or deletion of the BMP
receptor in myofibroblasts prevented adipocyte formation.
Adipocytes formed from human keloid fibroblasts when treated
with either BMP or when placed with human hair follicles in
vitro. Thus, we identify the myofibroblast as a plastic cell
type that may be manipulated to treat scars in humans.
Time-restricted feeding study shows
promise in helping people shed body fat
University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers are trying
to find out whether changing a person's eating schedule can help
them lose weight and burn fat.
The first human test of early time-restricted feeding, or eTRF,
found that this meal-timing strategy reduced swings in hunger
and altered fat and carbohydrate burning patterns, which may
help with losing weight. With eTRF, people eat their last meal
by the mid-afternoon and do not eat again until breakfast the
next morning. The findings were unveiled during a presentation
at The Obesity Society Annual Meeting at Obesity Week 2016 in
New Orleans, Louisiana.
"Eating only during a much smaller window of time than people
are typically used to may help with weight loss," said Courtney
Peterson, Ph.D., an associate professor in the Department of
Nutrition Sciences at UAB. "We found that eating between 8 a.m.
and 2 p.m. followed by an 18-hour daily fast kept appetite
levels more even throughout the day, in comparison to eating
between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m., which is what the average American
This new research, funded by a TOS Early Career Research Grant
awarded in 2014, suggests that eating a very early dinner, or
even skipping dinner, may have some benefits for losing weight,
although further studies need to take place to confirm that
theory. Previous animal studies showed that eTRF helped rodents
burn more fat...
Pat Condell micturates on the Stupids :
Am I A Racist?
The Trouble With Islam
It's Good To Be Anti-Islam
A Word To Left-Wing Students
Sweden - Ship of fools
UPDATE : 6 January
Lots of Wow, & some volcanic pffft... :
Part 1 of 4 - Ruins of Old Earth, a Gary
Part 2 of 4
Part 3 of 4
Part 4 of 4
part 34 Old Earth Ruins, Ancient Dams,
Airports, Lifelines, Canal Systems and Underwater
Bombard's Body Language
Body Language: John Podesta
Body Language: Donald Trump
ALTA Report ( January 2017 ) -- Key Words
Sci-fi World... forecasts for December 2016 through 2046\
by clif high
'context change''emergence undocumented workers''millions of
feet''ultra-long trend context change''collective
views''paradigms''mad max world''serf
planet'“Caligula's Deviant Reality''Sci-fi
discoveries''over turning''upending' [ next 10/ten years
]'claimed origins''religions''the other side of the
planet''prove biblical distortions of history''non
history''reformation of human thought'[ 4/four years
structures''dying''abandoned''facts''tentative rewriting human
'seismic activity''land forms continents''coast line
alterations''increasingly impacting''economic centers''port of
London''inland ports''water flows''coast line alterations'[ next
four years]'island nations''island city states''curiously
cursed''changes''ports''less useful''new facilities''replace
abandoned inland ports''to be replaced ports''flow
changing''underwater obstacles''new current flow patterns''port
problems''new deltas''blocking access''new lands''loss of port
access''trapped ships''blockages', and 'tilted cranes''global
'Ice Age' [ 2025 to 2047 ]'undeniable nature''Ice Age
symptoms''visibility''beginning year''Great (ten year
long) Diaspora''northern hemisphere''mature'[
2047]'signs''reduction in Ice accumulation''fade off /melt
off''increasing solar activity'[ 2043+]'ocean currents
changing''ocean level reducing''precipitation/dust/dry sands
increasing''ice (glaciers) forming''northern
hemisphere''tropics''Ice Age symptoms''space cold plasma''sudden
local deep freezing''few minutes''plasma descends from
space''usually''high altitude''cold plasma events''videos'[ 2017
/ 2018 ]'cold plasma events''descend''sea level''flash
tons''ice''buildings''whole cities and towns''flash
frozen''utilities stop''water freezes in canals/pipes/
lakes/sinks''broken glass''building freezes''twists''cold
distortions''cruise ship''missed''yards''sudden ocean freezing
event'[ before mid 2018]'definitions''frozen rain towers''whole
rain storms''frozen in place''ice columns''hundreds of
feet''frozen beaches''salted ice platforms''miles'.
'earth expansion''smells from underground
earth''unusual''terribly bad smells''issuing forth''earthquake
sign''volcanoes forming''stretching between the plates''new
gases just formed''pressuring underground' 'releasing
gasses''freak out scientific thinking''oxygen''noble
gases''nearly pure streams'.
'expanding earth''new winds patterns''held to blame''brutal
cold''extraordinary costs'[ Winter, 2017/2018.]'extreme
costs''new wind patterns''shift cold areas hundreds of
miles''sweeping cold winds''freeze fruits trees''cover rivers
with ice'[ never ]'been frozen before''extreme costs''coastal
harbors''damage''new winds''sudden cold''river systems''delta
flood plains''frozen''people can walk''patrolled by
boats''alarm''local authorities''people are walking
across'[not]'reporting to border patrol'.
'Ice Age''secrets revealed''authorities''western
world''colluding''obscure and/or hide''evidence of developing
Ice Age''leaks''cover-up''fake climate data''que bene''who
benefits''second leg up''precious metals spikes'
Age''symptoms''intrude''awareness'[2017 / 2018]'Ice
Age''cause''prompt''old persons diaspora' [2018 / 2019]
'warmists''climate warming agenda''in crisis''cold climate
infrastructure''roads''rail''canals''canal''shut down /frozen
'increasing''depth of freeze''damage' to the 'underground
utilities' of many 'cities' including 'major capitals''frozen so
deep''water''flow''pipes''next to underground sewage
lines''homeless''migrant''drawn into''sewer systems''warmth'.
'Ice Age symptoms''drive economics''severe drought (heat)
conditions'[SE Asia / eastern India]
'severe drought conditions''warm water fogs''affect
populations''water rationing''extreme measures to overcome
heat''rains come''relief''causing festivities''intense
downpours''1000 year floods''land and
plants''drought''cracking''withering''hold the ground'.
'torrential downpours''atmospheric compression
events''rain''wrung out of the clouds''intense pressure
changes''rain down-pour''etch stone in buildings''mere
hours''top floors''high rise buildings''flooded''residents
flee''flows down stair cases''people swept away''trapped in
elevators''water pours down elevator shaft''waterfall'
Your Global Population changes....
'US dollar''lose jobs''lose job creation''global dollar
depression''deepening''spreading''US dollar world''upside
down''inside out'[ January 8th ]'chaos''global
markets''blamed''pending power shift in USAPop''proximate
cracking /near to breaking / close to
separating'[ Europe]'pressuring complex derivatives''contract
level counter-party risks''on the table'
'power shift'[ late January]'EU-R-Asia Bitcoin
Nation''bitcoin'[Chinese Pan-Continental Trading zone]'new fiber
(optics?)''spreading out''remarkably fast manner''drawing
in / online''billion new people''extending out''use of bitcoin'
'collective''population''powers the Break-away Civilization''an
entity''enhanced awareness duality''now you see it'
/'not''expanded awareness''needs gentle approach''expanding
awareness of duality requires caution''the unguarded mind at
risk when approaching expanded awareness of duality'.
'levels''awareness''chooses to interact''bizarre
kidnappings''border on (Star Trek like) vanishings'[late
Winter/northern hemisphere - late June] 'revealing' 'images
'abductees''usefulness to the cause/goal'[ late August 2017
]'expanded awareness''layers of communications about
'daily''sightings''UFOs''too common'[ China /SE Asia]'bother to
decisions''affected''costs''video sharing sites''escalate
rapidly''stay equal to the volume''airplane routes''be
PopWar – India Subcontinent Theater
[ March ]'revolt''new power centers''officialdom''rough
year(s)''war against cash/gold/populism''new years riots''police
actions''turmoil''upheaval'[first half of 2017]'economy''adverse
weather''floods''interrupting''political chaos''money crisis'[
February / March]
“the gold problem”'popular rebellion''new leadership''new
political movements''war on the population by
officialdom''currencies''capital controls''work visa stoppages
USA''capital controls chaos'[ middle of February]“Indian capital
controls chaos contagion”'echoing through banking'
gold''raids''cross border excursions''irritate China''embolden
police''abscond''millions of dollars not rupis worth''seized
gold''turn it into the government coffers''deserting tax police'
'anti-population gold war''smugglers''forge a political
union''serious political problem'[ IndiaPop / Bank for
International Settlements][ March through May 2017 ]
'political unions''fade away''dry up' [ Summer 2017 ]'evolving
global bonds crisis'
PopWar – UK BlockWar
'explode''block war''house against house''blocks against
blocks''street battles''clashing communities''religious
'BlockWar''police''round up''yield''hidden element''weapons
smuggling''police''arrests''sweep area''southern port
city''stumble over''weapons cache''height of
stupidity''smugglers''left behind''gps map''route''cell
phones''contact information''cell phones''belonged to
officialdom''middle Eastern countries''diplomatic relations'.
'UK block war''sparking''migrants''established residents /
immigrants''local police''established community
members''embroiled in fist fight''smuggled migrants''draw local
police attention''police members''smart
thinking''pivotal''generation'[ 2020s - 2030 ]'decorated police
members''rising to national power'
'Australian housing market''age''sad
condition''impacts''monetary mistake''political turmoil /
'seismic revealing of silver' [ northwest Australia]'seismic
activity''continent cracking''many kilometers long
crack''invisible''scans radar &C''altering aquifers''raising
water levels''altering roadbeds'.
'Antarctica wealth boom''Antarctica discovery''open
knowledge''corporations''stage for boom'.
'international connection''southern ocean'[ late 2017
invasion''engineered enclaves''little contact''local
populations''Australian banking system'[ not ]'funding''strains
system''real estate''wonky''driving prices upward''Australian
press coverage''deflationary event'[ late February - March
]'visibility'[ August 2017 ]
'banking system''developing hot spot''February currencies
storms''dollar''local currencies''hot spots''energy
blockages''once scratched, require continuous scratching''nerves
'monetary currency base''secret revealed''as yet undiscovered
silver and other metals''curious vein''land slip'.
'archaeology''deep caves''empty coast''functioning
technology''hinted at''reports come out''remnants of an
expedition''deep caves''cave systems''undiscovered''kilometers
long''widely extensive''taken over by government'.
'real estate crisis''moving into political
instability''corruption scandals''banks''real estate
markets''herculean effort''repair the broken system (of real
estate financing)''flight out of currencies''ChinaPop
dollar''confidence shaking''contagion lack of confidence''paper
currencies''ChinaPop freak-outs and manias''counter
flow''desperate''large amounts''wealth''real estate''obstacles
to purchase''schemes''get RMB as it tries to flee ChinaPop'.
'remarkable timing''young fellows''face''currencies crisis'[
2017 ]'blow-up expectations''can be done'.
'expeditions''staged in 2017''southern' [coastline of Australia
]'rumors''lid is clamped down''fears over what is
found''money''huge potential''driving force''expeditions''real
estate''small flushes''real estate markets''foreigners prepare
'old food poisoning''old historical food poisoning''current food
landscape''years''put into new light''officialdom''public
attention''private drones''food imports''delivered''alternative
media''information''presented as suspect''ridiculed''mainstream
'mainstream propaganda press''thrashing mainstream media''actual
bashing''rubbishing (by words) online''thrashing funding
sources''popular votes''media sources'.
'expansion of the planet''tear away'[ north west coast ]'tearing
away''barren, rocky, isolated, uninhabited''precious
metals''find''mine''mint''precious metals coins based
economy''local region''affect (the national) monetary
policy''earth slip land slide''long running earthquake fault
under the nearby ocean'
'earth expansion events''earthquakes''underseas earthquakes'[
next 5/five years]'react''underseas changes''slow
fashion''economy''funding''missing''vital local environmental
change''underseas earthquakes''miss allocated resources /funding
problems''coastal erosion costs''flooded'
'bad (extreme) weather''exceptional precipitation''coastal
communities''inland towns''exceptional precipitation'
'changes building structures''torrents''wind driven''diagonal
marks''building faces''local land features''freak-outs''power
elites''weather conditions''problem''USA military deep state
'extinction central''food crops''missing''climate related
extinctions''collective psyche''money problems''formerly
'humanity in renaissance''large discovery flexible
mineral''power generation''new electrics''two
discoveries''discovery''larger mass'flexible mineral'[ NW Canada
]'new electrics''pending renaissance'
'flexible mineral''find''canadian government''absolutely
giddy''discovery''flexible minerals''economic boost'.
'special tobacco''fetish''conditions''yet another
speculative mania''prices will soar''crash''chase for
value''banking financial system''speed''hold
together''flailing''failing'[ 2017 - 2019].
'currencies volatility''swirling''escalation''frantic flight
from RMB''frantic face''ChinaPop contagion''panic''degrading
RMB/Yuan''spreading''other populations''contagion /
spread''paper currencies fear''Australian dollar'“Canadian
dollar''British sterling''Euro''echoes''panic to
'maturation of currency crisis''reeling''cracking
confidence''own currency''bitcoin''precious metals''physical
metals shortages'[ end of January ]'temporal echoes'
'reflecting''currencies under pressure''attempts to get out of
paper currencies''shortages''precious metals distribution
system''videos''mule-ing /carrying precious metals''net the
'gold crimes''capital controls crimes''evasion''DNA
banks''investment trusts /collectives''trying to game the future
with game DNA''clubs''store DNA''future Jurassic
park-like''human DNA trusts'
'foreign entanglements''freaking out''western dollar
empire''south Korea''business''shipping''new initiatives
Australia / Southern Ocean''central American plan''southern
Mexico''officialdom''fear scenarios''discovered to be
deeply involved in underground in southern Mexico'.
'full woo-woo''thousands''Star Trek / Star
Wars''claims''releasing alien technology''pejorative''stop
'global''planet wide''engineer'several dozen major
projects''deep water energy projects''mega giga kilo
joule''lights for a continent'
'extraordinary event'[southern Germany]'intelligence
agencies''quest''intelligence agencies personnel''big dig''quest
goal''nearly complete''new information''digging
deep''confrontation''intelligence agencies with hardware and
'quest goal''energy devices''climate change''space
exploration''confrontation''secret diggers''leading to
arrests''shocking video''viral''exposure of the video'.
'more troubling''group of diggers''contacted''detained'[ far
north east of Germany near sea' and border of Poland''mechanical
approach''digging''inside a building as cover''very
troubling''resultant conclusion''local authorities''public
electrics''clandestine diggers''secret digging''not remain
secret''two episodes''hole creators''officialdom''exposed to be
digging' [ early Summer northern hemisphere] 'early
diggers''authorities''recruitment efforts''media commercials'
'currencies in crisis''ambivalent Spring''spectacular
troubles''fears''dreaded currencies contagion'[late March into
'financial terrible troubles'[ 20% ]'local currency''foreign
(FX) trades/swaps''derivatives contagion''foreign (FX)
crisis''developing global currencies crisis''shift the
blame''unwise purchase''complex derivatives''foreign bank
'floods''ancient discoveries underground''underground
slips''coastal hills''inland foot hills' [near very large
natural lake ]''coast''lake shore''land slip''recent human
construction''natural fault (slip) line''exist between types of
clay''exposure''near instant discovery''cave-like inhabited
holes''ruins'[ Summer northern hemisphere 2017 - very early 2018
'flood''devastation''rivers in the sky''atmospheric compression
events''devastating''more constrained to single
area''devastating floods''rivers of rain in the sky'
'gaps''gaping open''separating lands''devastating impact''rivers
in the sky''gaps''separate streets''space too large to jump
'failure''Italian banks''failure of the Italian banking
system''individual banks failing''failure of the banking
system'[late January 2017]'nasty
winter''earthquake''agony''banking system''suffering credit
freeze''suffering government intervention''banking
system''visible''failure''population''food prices'[ Winter -
'food riots'[ Rome]'spill over into looting vatican archives'[
Fall or Winter northern hemisphere)
'silver / gold''giant funnel of silver''hat''preferred shape
fighting''bombardments''falling''house of saud''flight of the
princes''political heat''power structure''breaking
up''miscalculated military moves''distracted powers-that-be'.
'official''awakening wave''western dollar-slaved
populations''national effort''recall''replace''propaganda school
'political issue''rising up''fierce way'[ early 2017 ]'foreign
H1B workers visas program''swept off the table'[ early February
- early April ]'collision''foreign H1B workers visas''tax
revolt''political outcry''spawning''trade wars''boycotts
internal to USAPop''national campaign''take on big
corporations''media wars''full battle rattle mode''technology
boom'[outside USAPop][ cannot ]'compete''hiring talent'.'power
shift''political system''coming unglued''bloody war''break
out''both political parties''power shift''bringing
out''victims''visible''new face''political fracturing''political
structure''upheaval''beyond experience''raids high profile
organizations''screaming news on tv''opening salvo''political
structure falling apart'.
'financial infrastructure''political fracturing wars''financial
well''battle''attempted pushed out into USAPop''putsch''our
enemies''badly timed''catastrophically managed''european
meddlers''picked off''battles''money flows''altered''funds
interdiction''foreign funds''stopped''local crises
points''officialdom''foreign money attacks''local
tactic''interdict foreign agitation funds'.
'woo-woo' [ Alaska ]'space alien woo-woo''unknown''officially
denied''space''space aliens''ancient civilizations''north
american continent wide impacts'[ Alaska]'pyramid(s)''two
pyramids''undiscovered Alaska''having an
pyramids''center''nexus'[ UFO activity]
'nuclear power''failing pipes''leaking containers''inducing
evacuations''disturbing''real estate markets''nuclear
problems''New York''Carolinas''river problems''leaking''movement
[ January 9th ]'markets upended'[12 January ]'unleashing''media
wars''markets upended''currencies crisis'
'weighting /weighted trajectory''downward arcing
charts''felt''trading communities''overwhelming''punch in the
out''bonds''derivatives''subjects''downward arcing charts'[
7/seven month ]'bonds''derivatives''trader
'immediate' & 'long lasting''interest rates''kicked upward'[
late Summer northern hemisphere]'sudden spikes''mortgage
interest rates''death spikes''death of local real estate
markets'[ first half of 2017]'reduce to 10%' [a 90% loss]'value
of properties' [by mid 2018].
'bonds''derivatives''interest rates'[January - March
]'rates''public discussion''on-going political
fracturing''rising rates''real estate''bust''both
coasts''failing regional banks''dump holdings''cash
velocity''banks''advertising discounts / losses) on property
'cash buyers''real estate problems''west
coast''repercussions''golden state''next California gold
rush''woo-woo''real estate crashing''gold rush''new
discoveries''old dirt''exciting aficionados''ancient Egyptian
artifacts''embroiled''local california politics''fights over
water''ancient pharaohic Egyptian artifacts''new
'raucous fighting''water rights''access costs for
housing''clearly falling Australian housing
market''scandal''banksters caught corruption''California
mortgages''fraudulent''Australian housing (mortgage)
market''Australian housing /commercial''blow back''backlash''be
claimed / blamed''mortgage industry problems'.
'woo-woo''visible''media wars''hidden horror to academia''claim
intellectual power''waning rapidly''new facts emerge''real human
history''media wars''fight over history''california
pharaoh''media wars''war of facts vs consensus TPTB
opinion''erupt''investment world''push for real
facts''investment world''spill over''facts versus lies''push
into secrecy of human origins''outbreaks of information into
media wars''damage''academic accepted consensus of human
history''media mouths''repudiation of fact''preserve
academic model''claimed''essential for correct functioning of
'media wars''7/seven month''attempted recovery''legacy
media''corporation attacks''corporations''buy out''corrupt''kill
off''co-opt''alt-media''money assault''new media kids''legacy
media''wise up''desperate scramble''buy talent''new
media''blitzing''rivals''clones''digital virtual clones''short
lived''get what they have''clone''talents''corporation''power of
the public''public backlash''bitch
slap''corporation''revenues''cut in half''first month''public
'money assault on alt media''direct buy outs''wrap around''alt
media''battle with money''legacy media''alt media''catch the
flavor / zeitgeist''success''just around the corner''if they
want it that much, I won't sell that cheap''alt media''money
assault battle'[ Spring 2017 northern hemisphere
]'sales''properties intellectual''staggering sums of
money''paid''get real''corporations' 'step into''new media
space''legacy media''corporations try to buy alt-media''alt
'abysmal failures''legacy media''capture new minds''running
national joke''passed around''alt
'media wars get bloody''power plays''guilt exposure''expanding
attempt censorship''power battles', 'manipulation''hidden
agendas''power struggles''shame' [most of 2017] [ late
'media wars''new technologies''aiding the independent talent
alt-media''technologies'[ Chicago / Summer ]'lake and
canals''discovery /secrets revealed''space pictures''pictures
'collapse (of the) college/university system''financing
students''investments (endowments)''student financing''banking
crisis''credit freeze''blockages''university profits''major
pressure''derivatives''colleges and universities''speculative
crisis of 2017'
'media wars''media wars battles''all
consuming''pivotal''truth''discussed''illness' and 'visible
distress (among the) ruling elite''awakening wave''dominating
next decade and beyond''power elite personalities''caught on
video''react to awakening population''politicians puking on
broadcast tv''truth episodes''cathartic''population at
large''surge''truth attacks''mega internet fabulous''reaction
videos''truth ambush video'
'general awakening wave''real estate crash''bonds coming
unbound''variable rate loans''subprime''banks in trouble'[ mid
January onward ]'banking crisis''awakening experiences''new
awareness of collusion and
corruption''banking''political''upset''no shows''old economy
sales patterns''debt reduction crisis''debt based money
system''extreme pressures''behavior patterns''kept it alive last
40+ years''unforeseen''operate the
alter''power''population changes''behavior patterns''power
shift''changes perception awareness shifts''re-enlistment into
[ Antarctica ]'The Discovery''enlistments''deliberate
attempts''to be posted to The Discovery''ruling elites''control
access for short period''entrepreneurially minded
system''enlistment into USA military''work''internet fabulous
eyes''mega internet global fabulous''see on a distant
'secrets revealed''difficulties''bad behavior''general
population''planned''hyped''Trump inauguration''flop''wet noodle
'power shift''crisis mode''established deep
state''officialdom''fears of exposure''taking hold''criminal
crony class''moneyed elite'.
'power''awareness of failures of institutions''crashing
institution supported life''contention over organizations and
hidden agenda''awareness of the evils of power''awakening
bloom''accelerate'[ January - mid March ]'false economy''rigged
markets''extreme bizarre levels'.
'transition points''pivotal experiences''their generation(s)'[
next 15/fifteen years]'challenge''young USAPop''define
themselves''energy''Ice Age''central focus''existential crisis'.
parties'[ until 2025 ]'stability''political
structures''constantly shifting alliances'
'corporations behaving badly''ebullient mood''infusing parts
USAPop''layoffs''bad business decisions
'reappraisal''state of America''power shift'[
Spring]'dramas''secrets revealed''drama''resistance to change'[
late August - September&++@ Spring 2018]'reformation''body
politic''counter trends''social engineering''shocking''committed
left''unrolling''removing of the blanket''mental
civilization''impacting' the 're-assessment''national&
personal priorities''society in emotional/political chaos and
personal angst/suffering''stood up''given backbone /good
posture''secrets revealed''The Discovery in Antarctica'[multiple
'confusion', 'chaos', 'conundrums',
goals''social problems''overtaking daily chatter''control of
spending''control of money/currencies''vital concern''deep
shadow world''sucking money''live and hide'.
[ 2017 through 2019 ]'secrets revealed''fundamentally''how we
see ourselves''exposure''shadow state''underground
civilization''exposure''money is traced''break-away
civilization''forced to react'.
'crisis threatening exposure of the deep state / shadow
state''dump the pedophile burden''outing''truth
assault''pedophile burden''purged''government''social non
government organizations /institutions''uncertainty''social
'costs''currencies crisis'[ 2017 - 2018][ multiple
decade]'impact'[ multiple generations ]'duration of
impact''deeply divided political system''reeling''sudden change
of direction''crashing ability to pay for fantasy'.
'purge''pipelines''pipes''public safety''ability to move
fluids''gas' and 'oil''affected'[ not] 'blocked''expansion (of
the) planet'. In specific sets
'fortuitous happenstance''video capture''young woman
subject''expansion of the earth''video subject''video'[
viral]'mega internet fabulous'
'intense''disruptive'[ By Summer, ]'reeling''impacts''burst of
selfawareness''forced upon''unwilling population''currencies
'equities markets crash'.
'power''political power''power''unloosing of the
reins''planned'[ January ]'expectation''wild gyrations''shares
prices''pushed''major changes''fundamentals' 'real numbers', and
'reduced (fake) numbers' from 'government'.
'assault'[from]'Israel''clique''israel''in place''go active'[mid
movements''causing major freak-outs''officialdom''officialdom
freak-outs''officialdom (within) israel''freaking out''fingers
pointing at them''leadership''israel''unaware''not
sanctioning''sharp finger nails clique''sharp finger nails
group''Z' [ zion ?]'Russia''China''quietly discuss aid to
America' [behind ]'curtains''unknown''israel officialdom''israel
officialdom''freak-out mode''pace of change''taken out of
(their) hands' in mid January.
'rapid''rapid bursts''activity''frantic response'.
'hesitant', 'wary''faint''thin''meeting''crisis''insufficient to
the moment''currencies crisis''crises''serial''currencies
world''waking to new crisis each day''hatched
overnight''remnants''the crisis of
'cartels''attacked'[ 2017 / 2018 ]'cartels''international
corporations''unknown''black projects world''flying space nazi
economy''bonds''currencies crises''serial''attached pearls''peas
in a pod''bonds''one long grinding, growing, growling crisis'[
into early March of 2018]
'new electrics''break through developments''central Asia''global
electric power generation industry''trek
to mid central asia, dry environment, electricity research
site''electrical generation innovation''central Asia''giant draw
pull attractant''global electrical generation business''new,
small gen-sets''put into use''breakthrough'[ 2017 ]'replication
'backward country''mostly rural herdsmen''central
world''crystal based distribution technology''power
generation''mini-generators''small machine''generation of
sufficient electrical power''household''small
village''transported on sheep/goat'.'while it is
running''constant''turned on''end-of-cycle''over 10
years''alterations to humanity''small hot bricks'.
'energy complex''volatile''oil prices''electricity'[ late August
2017]'seismic activity''rising energy costs''north America'.
'earthquakes''damages''infrastructure''rising energy price'
[north America]'off-trend''energy''gasoline''diesel fuel'.
'global currencies crashing''stable currencies''convertible
currencies''currencies crash''kick off''currencies deflation
episode'[ mid February - March / April ]'currencies crisis'[ May
'energy research''commercial boom''antarctica''The
Discovery''emigration''wealth''biggest commercial boom in
technology''first goals''discovered energy''self
renewing''perpetual''initial costs of construction''very minimal
maintenance''return multiplier''orders of magnitude'.
'currencies crisis''global''credit freeze''contagion''Italian
banks''demand notes''interest rates''proffered collateral not
collected /foreclosed''government interference''military sub
contractor extreme emotional tension''visible'[ late winter
northern hemisphere - Spring]'freak-out''trial balloon''massive
wave military base closings''outside'
'derivatives nightmare''envelope''global western retirement
technologies''swap''attempt''rescue''proposed''too little, far
far too late''failure''derivatives''continue''proposed
solution''floated''change conditions''slowly reacting
feet''institutional investor cohort''crisis'
'digital frameworks''threads''millions of valleys'[Pan-Eurasia/
'DIY Biology bloom''coastal /island states Asia''wave of
innovation moving inland'[2017-late 2030's
Asia]'Oceania''pacific island nations'
'bitcoin''$1000 and beyond''price movements of the precious
metals''race to catch up''gold'[ $3200 USD].
'great (giant/titan) battle''control of the silver
price''diverging globally''premiums''delta'[over $100
USD]'global difference''in-the-hand delivered price'
'silver''price rise''coincident''announcements''base scientific
relationship''efficiency''new approaches to using electricity in
daily life''flying' and 'floating cars/ships' (anti-gravity),
computers''virtual string (wire)''computing nodes''string
attenuates galactic level''thought-pulses''technology''large
/encompassing''draw in nearly one-quarter of
'profit''intelligence /creative capital''wealth''changing
away''organized religions'[ CERN ]'causing
/obsolete)''obsolete''thought-pulse machinery or technology''new
computing paradigm''spring boarding other technologies'
force'[ weakening]'natural exuberance''bursting into
renaissance human thought / technologies'.
'break-out''consciousness /visibility''thousands new
technologies''fundamental breakthroughs''powering humanity'[ for
/biological / mechanical''secrets''officially denied''unknown'
expressions''satisfied Bitcoin smiling face''satisfaction of
owning bitcoin smile''New Year''officially welcomed'
[ January 25 -27]
'strange attractors''bitcoin'[ $888, $1088, $1448 ]'withdrawal
of cash''currencies crisis'
'happy bitcoin face''global happy face''bitcoin futures''shifted
'silver''price of bitcoin'[ near $1000 USD ]'connection''silver
'first cough''get the lungs started''backfire noise''announces
the engine starting''dollar'[
'gold resurgence''discussions (in/with) public''new global gold
standard''fantastic technological new use''gold''nearly
faint''idea''gold being consumed in technologies'.
'mental shift''gold''money''markets actions''bonding emotionally
[early February]'flash crash''3000''wiped
out''recovered''minutes''banning cash''making paper
worthless''gold''silver''mining businesses''bust out''mining
businesses''north america''intense competition'
'gold fever''population''prospecting''mining''gold''no gold ever
been found here''gold fever''currencies crisis''paper currencies
rapidly''access routes''planned, paid for, and supplied
by''bitcoin nation''spring up''one billion people''push the
billion population''successful gamble''the dragon that
Chinese authorities must ride''bitcoin''explode'[ next '2/two
years']'new network''pushed throughout railroad
lines''Pan-Eurasian bitcoin nation''steady persistent increasing
value''bitcoin via phone transactions''high speed (fiber optic)
bitcoin mining''bitcoin to be 80808 RMB'
'grow buildings''food crops''grown under lights''closed
environment conditions''planned''under construction'[next 4/four
years]'bitcoin mining''heat produced''grow buildings''operation'
'reaction''developing Ice Age''creativity''experiments''food
'planet Mars''Mars''officialdom freak-out''civilian Mars
expedition''created and funded'[individual ]'take down
banks''smart currency trades'[PATRON]'humans (back) to Mars'.
'officialdom freak-out''rumors''they fired back''Mars launches
rocket to earth''Mars
visibility''Mars focus''decades long'
'great discoveries''searchers''greatly famous''secrets
revealed'[2017 through 2022]'compulsive researchers''swept
along''global fame''revealed secrets' over 2017.
'Nummo''development''liquid copper machine''provide
power''motion''travel between the stars''liquid copper
engine''two horns''liquid copper disk''mathematics''science
break through'[late 2018]'mini-generators''new
earth''primary prize''pending invasion''Antarctica'.
'fleets''airplanes''ships''bivouac on the coast''international
skirmishes''excavation''ancient civilization''half a million
years''facts''speculative thinking''press conferences'
understood''power''distribution system''hundreds'[ new
technologies ]'creeping electricity''walls''delivery point'.
'The Discovery''disc''flying disc''UFO''flying Nazi Antarctica
economic boom''seismic activity''earthquakes''forcing out
inhabitants''preserves''warm air preserves''discovered''deep in
the ice''visible'[ 2018]'secrets
revealed''distribution''knowledge of The Discovery)'[ mid 2018].
radiation releases''shield around the northern
hemisphere''deliberate releases''globe encircling radiation'
'independent Mars photo observer community''focus in
intent''online community''Mars photo
exploration''speculation''martian to alien (us) first contact'.
ethos''new focus''serious woo-woo''new physics''temporal
dynamism''time as energy'.
'energy''over-turned''new science of field dynamics'
'space alien cruise ship fly by''holiday''festive''local
'Crime of the Century''ray gun''robbery''crime''viral
news''criminals''advanced technology''steal unknown
material''ray gun''exposed''crime of carrying off''unknown mass'
'new stuff''new stuff''new technologies''new materials''new
theories''new math''innovation wave''fields''field
'new (field energy dynamics) math''field dynamics''field energy
dynamics''surface dirt''surface (effect) noise''field effect
'field effect noise''big hurdles''field technologies''rolled
out''dynamic energy fields''jobs''released innovations''new
'new sciences''new technologies''public awareness'[ next 4/four
years ]'devastating wars''the Muslim sects''eruption''new
'THE planetary meme'[next 20/twenty plus years]'intense fighting
Muslim holy sites''eruption of knowledge''seeds''The Great
Reformation''transforming''Islamic world''destruction of the
'death of religion''The Antarctica Discovery''new
technologies''economic boom period'[ May 2017 onward ][ February
2018 ] 'facts''proscribed /forbidden
humanity'[ next '4'/four decades and beyond]'we got it
wrong''wave of reformation''revision''human thought
time''individuals''take it upon themselves''awaken humanity'
[ Antarctica ]'discovery''religious charities''donations''down
to less than 10%''usual levels''large impacts'[ fade rapidly by
early 2019 ]'shutting''closing''private religious charities'
'scientologists''claim''proof''belief system'[ 2/two
months]'fatal back pressure''further details''proscribed
practices''death rattle''scientology''organized delusion''profit
center''scientologists hard core''fighting to retain
'religion''curtailed'[ Antarctica ]'information''eating habits
/traditions''shocking information''destroy Japanese appetite for
whale flesh''wave''suicides''new knowledge''food
choices''radically altered'[ The Discovery ]'long look back'
'human history''casting humans in a new light''break down of
paradigms''constrain''corral human awareness'.
'integrate''new global knowledge''world view''failing
'CERN''death of religion''religion that
earthquakes''cave-in (crashing or crushing-inward)'
'largest machine on the planet''unknown purpose'[ CERN ]
'pinged''tickled''installation' [@ Antarctica ]
'boundaries''impinging'[ on CERN ]'noticed'.
'space aliens''other dimensional beings''minor riff''context
change symphony''release''stored (hidden) information''space
[ Conclusion: Tainted vision clearly seen ]
'intensifying''driving humanity forward'
'new vision forward'.
'extortion release''space alien disclosure'
[ TPTB ]'desperate''when things (will) happen''power
minions''beside themselves (with) worry''not being in the
game''matures''revealing themselves''had to win''would win''had
'deal''rewards''new technological leap forward for all
'disclosure of ancient civilization''presentation''good things'
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GMO Corn vs Isogenic :
An integrated multi-omics analysis of the
NK603 Roundup-tolerant GM maize reveals metabolism
disturbances caused by the transformation process
Robin Mesnage, et al.
"Glyphosate tolerant genetically modified (GM) maize NK603
was assessed as "substantially equivalent" to its isogenic
counterpart by a nutrient composition analysis in order to be
granted market approval. We have applied contemporary in depth
molecular profiling methods of NK603 maize kernels (sprayed or
unsprayed with Roundup) and the isogenic corn to reassess its
substantial equivalence status. Proteome profiles of the maize
kernels revealed alterations in the levels of enzymes of
glycolysis and TCA cycle pathways, which were reflective of an
imbalance in energy metabolism. Changes in proteins and
metabolites of glutathione metabolism were indicative of
increased oxidative stress. The most pronounced metabolome
differences between NK603 and its isogenic counterpart consisted
of an increase in polyamines including N-acetyl-cadaverine
(2.9-fold), N-acetylputrescine (1.8-fold), putrescine (2.7-fold)
and cadaverine (28-fold), which depending on context can be
either protective or a cause of toxicity. Our molecular
profiling results show that NK603 and its isogenic control are
not substantially equivalent.
Plagiarism, the lowest form of Flattery, or : I've arrived !
Comparison of Fontani-Costa-Orna
Book and Nelson Book
Publisher and Senior Editor, New Energy Times
By Steven B. Krivit,
Published Dec. 20, 2016
In 2014, Oxford University Press published a book written by
Marco Fontani, Mariagrazia Costa and Mary Virginia Orna, and
edited by Jeremy Lewis, called The Lost Elements: The Periodic
Table’s Shadow Side. Fontani and Costa are chemists at the
University of Florence, Italy. Orna is a professor of chemistry
at the College of New Rochelle, New York.
The 530-page book is an eloquent, interesting description of
supposed discoveries of new elements which turned out to be
illusory. The dust jacket reads, "Throughout its formation, the
periodic table of elements has seen false entries, good-faith
errors, retractions and dead ends. In fact, there have been more
falsely proclaimed elemental discoveries throughout history than
there are elements on the table as we know it today."
The book contains a 33-page section called "Modern Alchemy: The
Dream to Transmute the Elements Has Always Been With Us." This
section is primarily about elemental transmutation research that
took place in the 1910s and 1920s. The authors also briefly
discuss modern science experiments in the field of low-energy
nuclear reaction (LENR) research.
When I learned about the Lost Elements book, I had just
completed the manuscript for my book Lost History: Explorations
in Nuclear Research, Vol. 3. Lost History describes the
elemental transmutation research that took place in the 1910s
By 1930, the research from the previous two decades had largely
been dismissed as errors and mistakes. However, very few
confirmed errors or mistakes were ever identified. The reason
the research was dismissed was that the results were not
theoretically understood and the experiments were difficult to
repeat. Consequently, the research was omitted from subsequent
scientific reference material.
News of this forgotten body of research didn't resurface
until the 1980s, when a researcher and author named Robert
Nelson spent many days poring through Chemical Abstracts at the
University of California, Berkeley. Nelson suspected that the
research had merit, and a chapter in my book discusses Nelson
and his quest.
In the mid-1980s, Nelson began self-publishing his research
findings in a book called Adept Alchemy. Nelson appears to be
the only person who has found and documented this body of lost
research — at least in the English-language — since the 1930s.
In 2012, I began writing my book Hacking the Atom: Explorations
in Nuclear Research, Vol. 1, describing nuclear transmutation
work performed during 1990-2015. At that time, I was aware of
only a fraction of the 1910s and 1920s research. As I began
checking that research, I found Nelson's book and discovered,
through his work, that a substantial additional body of
important scientific history existed.
I decided that it was of sufficient scope and importance to
merit its own book, and this led to my critical analysis of that
research and writing of my book Lost History. Although I have
done my own research and investigation for Lost History, Nelson
provided the road map for me as well as many of the
bibliographical references that led me to the original
In August 2015, one of my editors was checking facts and
brought Fontani's book, Lost Elements, to my attention. I was
surprised to learn that Lost Elements broadly (but
superficially) discussed most of the transmutation experiments
that took place in the 1910s and 1920s. I assumed that Fontani,
Costa and Orna had performed their own research, analysis, and
writing. The book is well-written and appears to be a scholarly
I noticed that some of the facts in the Fontani-Costa-Orna book
conflicted with facts I obtained from my own investigation. I
began to check references that the authors had cited. Rather
quickly, I ascertained that Fontani, Costa and Orna apparently
had not performed their own research, analysis or writing for
that section of their book.
The structure of the Fontani-Costa-Orna "Modern Alchemy" section
not only mirrors the scope of coverage in Nelson's book, it also
duplicates, without attribution, many complete sentences and
paragraphs; some with tiny changes and others verbatim
duplications without attribution. The authors knew of Nelson's
book. In their "Modern Alchemy" section, they provide more than
100 references to sources. Yet despite directly copying an
abundance of Nelson's text without attribution, they cite
Nelson's 1998 book as one of their sources. They also list his
book in their bibliography, and they say nothing more about
The Same Text
Within a few pages, the pattern became clear to me. When
Fontani, Costa and Orna discussed specific technical details of
the 1910s and 1920s research, they copied text directly from
Nelson without giving him any credit.
I did a few spot checks further into the "Modern Alchemy"
section. Not only did I find that the plagiarism in this section
recurred, but I also found that the authors made strategic
omissions and changes in the descriptions they appropriated from
Nelson in order to bolster their thesis that all of these
reported transmutations were invalid. In some cases, Fontani,
Costa and Orna made statements that appear to be incorrect,
though they are not fully to blame; some of these errors were in
the original Nelson text.
The Fontani-Costa-Orna book was produced with the financial
support of Ente Cassa di Risparmio di Firenze. In the
acknowledgments, the authors cite assistance from people at the
University of Siena, the University of Florence, the University
of Illinois, Oregon State University, the Italian Chemical
Society, the Committee of the International Congress of History
of Chemistry, the Italian Society for the Advancement of
Science, the Tokyo Institute of Technology, the Japan Isotopes
Data Institute, the Chemical Heritage Foundation, the American
Chemical Society, and the Institute for Chemicals and Fuels from
Alternative Sources (Canada), among others. The authors even
acknowledged people who assisted with the book but who have
The authors give a special thanks to Peter van der Krogt, "who
published the specialized Web page dedicated to the chemical
elements and their history." Yet among the more than 100 named
individuals, the authors did not acknowledge Robert Nelson, nor
did Fontani, Costa and Orna identify any assistants who did
research and writing on their behalf. I do not know whether all
three authors were involved in the plagiarism. I have not
examined other sections of the book for similar problems.
Nelson, on the other hand, was meticulous in citing his
sources. He was professionally trained as paralegal who
specialized in contracts and his expertise is evident in his
citations of sources. His precise bibliography made it very easy
for me to conduct my own research.
Fontani, Costa and Orna wrote in the acknowledgments that an
Italian version of their book was published in 2009 by the
Italian Chemical Society. That 544-page book is De Reditu Eorum:
Sulle Tracce Degli Elementi Scomparsi, [On Their Return: On the
Trail of the Missing Elements], by Marco Fontani and Mariagrazia
Nelson appears to have self-published his print version of Adept
Alchemy in 1998. Not only do Fontani, Costa and Orna cite
Nelson's book, his book is also cited by Mark Morrisson in
Modern Alchemy, published by Oxford University Press. Nelson's
book is cited, but not dated, in Joseph Farrell's self-published
2009 book Philosopher's Stone. In 1998, Nexus magazine published
one of Nelson's chapters, "The Transmutation of Mercury Into
Gold," in its Oct.-Nov. issue.
Nelson registered the domain name for his Web site in 2000, and
at some point, perhaps in 2005 (but certainly no later than May
2006), published an Internet version of his book at the address
According to the Internet Archive
(http://tinyurl.com/oyznkz9), Nelson's book was online by May
10, 2006. Nelson has graciously given me permission to upload a
copy (PDF) of his book to the New Energy Times Web site.
I began my review of the Fontani-Costa-Orna book on page 451
and examined the next three pages in detail. Once I saw the
pattern of blatant plagiarism, I only made spot checks on pages
461, 468 and 476. Each of those three pages showed the same
pattern of plagiarism and I did not feel the need to check any
Fontani, Costa and Orna also made several insidious changes that
distort and misrepresent this history. The first one I noticed
was on page 451 of their book. They discuss the work of chemists
Gerald Wendt and Clarence Irion at the University of Chicago.
Fontani, Costa and Orna wrote two sentences about Wendt and
Irion without citing sources: 1) "Their work was viewed with
suspicion at the time and, today, cognizant physicists have
commented that their experimental design was faulty" and 2) "The
harsh criticism of Harkins and Allison was a hard blow for
Wendt, one that eventually interrupted his research activities."
Although Fontani, Costa and Orna borrowed ample text from Nelson
on this page, they omitted Nelson's quote of Wendt which gives
the actual reason for his and Irion's termination of the work:
"The work was stopped by the failure of the health of the senior
Nelson, in turn, had quoted (and cited) Wendt from a primary
source. The Wendt/Irion paper published in the Journal of the
American Chemical Society, and footnote 8, page 1893 reads: "The
work was stopped by the failure of the health of the senior
author, necessitating a complete rest for a year or more."
On Sept. 9, 2015, before I had any idea about the plagiarism, I
sent an e-mail to Fontani and asked him for his sources on the
uncited statements above. Fontani replied the following day with
a secondary source that was published 73 years after the fact:
"We consulted the original papers of the persons you mention in
your email, and we also consulted several secondary sources,
listed below: Le bugie della Scienza. Perché e come gli
scienziati imbrogliano by Federico Di Trocchio (1995), Genio
incompreso by Federico Di Trocchio (1996)"
That's when I began to examine the Fontani-Costa-Orna text more
closely and found the duplications. On Fontani, Costa and Orna's
page 468, which is significantly borrowed, I found another
insidious change on the topic of unexplained production of neon
and helium in vacuum tubes.
Here is Nelson's original text: "... neon in vacuum tubes. The
matter has not been resolved. The first such report ... "
Here is the changed Fontani, Costa and Orna text: "... neon in
vacuum tubes. Eventually, when the phenomena could not be
reliably reproduced, most scientists concluded that the results
were due to contamination. The first report ... "
I published this report on New Energy Times on Dec. 20, 2016. At
that time, I notified Fontani, Costa, Orna, Nelson, the Oxford
University Press office in the U.K. Lewis, the OUP editor in the
U.S., and Nobel Prize winner Roald Hoffman, who wrote the
preface to Lost Elements.
Examination of the Fontani-Costa-Orna Book
Fontani-Costa-Orna, p. 451
Source for first highlighted paragraph on Fontani-Costa-Orna p.
Source for next highlighted paragraphs on Fontani-Costa-Orna p.
Fontani-Costa-Orna, p. 453
Source for first highlighted paragraphs on p. 453
Source for next highlighted paragraphs on p. 453
Fontani-Costa-Orna, p. 454
Source for first highlighted paragraphs on p. 454
Source for next highlighted paragraphs on p. 454
Fontani-Costa-Orna, p. 461
Source for first highlighted paragraph on p. 461
Source for next highlighted paragraphs on p. 461
Fontani-Costa-Orna, p. 468
Source for next highlighted paragraphs on p. 468
Fontani-Costa-Orna, p. 476
Source for next highlighted paragraphs on p. 476
Not only was text copied, but the structure was largely copied
as well. The Fontani-Costa-Orna book "Modern Alchemy" section
mirrors the all the topics in the Nelson book Part II section
except Nelson's chapter on carbon.
Nelson Part II Original Chapters
Chapter 1 Transmutation of Silver [to Gold]
Chapter 2 Transmutation of Ores
Chapter 3 Transmutation of Carbon
Chapter 4 Decomposition of Tungsten
Chapter 5 Transmutation of Lead [to Mercury and Thallium]
Chapter 6 Transmutation of Hydrogen, [Helium and Neon]
Chapter 7 Transmutation of Mercury [to Gold]
Chapter 8 Biological Transmutation
Chapter 9 Cold Fusion
Fontani-Costa-Orna Mirrored Sections
VII.1. A Piece of Research Gone up in Smoke: Decomposition
of Tungsten into Helium
VII.2. Transmutations of Mercury into Gold
VII.3. Transmutations of Silver into Gold
VII.4. Transmutation of Ores
VII.5. Other Transmutations
VII.6. Biological Transmutation
VII.7. The Transmutation of Hydrogen into Helium and Neon
VII.8. Radiochemistry: a Child of Both Physics and Chemistry
VII.9. Transmutation of Lead into Mercury
VII.10. Some like It "Cold"
VII.11. Is Cold Fusion Hot Again?
Lost History : The Forgotten
Story of Chemical Transmutations
Explorations in Nuclear Research, Vol. 3
Steven B. Krivit
Steven B. Krivit's Explorations in Nuclear Research three-book
series describes the emergence of a new field of science, one
that bridges chemistry and physics. The books give readers an
understanding of low-energy nuclear reaction (LENR) research and
its history and provide a rare behind-the-scenes look at the
players and personalities involved.
Lost History, written for scientists and science historians,
covers the period from 1912 to 1927, and explores the story of
forgotten chemical transmutation research, a precursor to modern
low-energy nuclear reactions (LENR) research. The book tells the
story of century-old research that has been absent from
the scientific dialogue for a hundred years — research
that is surprisingly similar to events in the modern era.
In the formative years of atomic science in the early 20th
century, at the same time that Niels Bohr introduced his model
of the atom, and when nuclear science belonged to chemists and
physicists alike, some scientists reported inexplicable
experimental evidence of elemental transmutations. Papers were
published in the top scientific journals of the day, including
Physical Review, Science and Nature.
Prominent scientists around the world participated in the
research. The research was reported in popular newspapers and
magazines, such as the New York Times and Scientific American.
The book relies heavily on published journal papers.
The experiments, using relatively simple, low-energy benchtop
apparatus, did not use radioactive sources, so the results
defied prevailing theory. This, coupled with the fact that the
experiments were not easily repeated, caused most scientists by
1930 to dismiss the entire body of research as a mistake.
This history of research was omitted from historical references
— until now. With the benefit of hindsight, and in light of
modern low-energy nuclear research (LENR) and theory, this lost
history, after a 60-year hiatus, is told here for the first
time. Lost History is the first book that provides critical
analyses of the original published scientific papers of the
transmutation experiments performed between 1912 and 1927. This
book reveals the fascinating story of these experiments and
provides significant insights about our understanding of the
history of physics, chemistry and nuclear science.
Lost History chronicles the following events that have been
either forgotten or misreported:
From 1912 to 1914, several independent researchers detected the
production of noble gases: helium-4, neon, argon, and an
as-yet-unidentified element of mass-3, which we now identify as
tritium. Two of these researchers were Nobel laureates.
In 1922, two chemists at the University of Chicago created
helium using the exploding electrical conductor method.
In 1924, a German scientist accidentally found gold and possibly
platinum in the residue of mercury vapor lamps that he had been
using for photography.
In 1925, scientists in Amsterdam carried out a similar
experiment, but starting with lead, and observed the production
of mercury and the rare element thallium.
In 1925, a prominent Japanese scientist, in a related
experiment, reported the production of gold and another metal
that was later identified as platinum.
In 1926, two German chemists pumped hydrogen gas into a chamber
with finely divided palladium powder and reported the
transmutation of hydrogen into helium. One of them later tried
to dismiss the results, but he was never able to completely
explain the data as a mistake.
Contrary to nearly all accounts that credit physicist Ernest
Rutherford with the first nuclear transmutation — of nitrogen to
oxygen — the credit belongs in fact to a research fellow who was
working under Rutherford.
A controversial new gravity hypothesis
has passed its first test
Einstein might have been wrong.
A controversial new hypothesis that suggests our understanding
of gravity is wrong has just passed an important first test.
First proposed back in 2010, the new hypothesis states that
gravity might behave and arise very differently than Einstein
predicted, and an independent study of more than 30,000 galaxies
has now found the first evidence to back this up.
The hypothesis is referred to as 'Verlinde's hypothesis of
gravity' after the theoretical physicist who came up with it,
Erik Verlinde from the University of Amsterdam. If it can stand
up to further testing, it could completely overhaul over a
century of physics - including getting rid of dark matter
Verlinde's approach, on the other hand, says we don't need dark
matter at all, we just need to rethink gravity.
As we described back in November:
"His suggestion is that gravity isn't a fundamental force of
nature at all, but rather an emergent phenomenon - just like
temperature is an emergent phenomenon that arises from the
movement of microscopic particles.
In other words, gravity is a side effect, not the cause, of
what's happening in the Universe."
First test of Verlinde's theory of
Emergent Gravity using Weak Gravitational Lensing
Margot M. Brouwer, et al.
Verlinde (2016) proposed that the observed excess gravity in
galaxies and clusters is the consequence of Emergent Gravity
(EG). In this theory the standard gravitational laws are
modified on galactic and larger scales due to the displacement
of dark energy by baryonic matter. EG gives an estimate of the
excess gravity (described as an apparent dark matter density) in
terms of the baryonic mass distribution and the Hubble
parameter. In this work we present the first test of EG using
weak gravitational lensing, within the regime of validity of the
current model. Although there is no direct description of
lensing and cosmology in EG yet, we can make a reasonable
estimate of the expected lensing signal of low redshift galaxies
by assuming a background LambdaCDM cosmology. We measure the
(apparent) average surface mass density profiles of 33,613
isolated central galaxies, and compare them to those predicted
by EG based on the galaxies' baryonic masses. To this end we
employ the ~180 square degrees overlap of the Kilo-Degree Survey
(KiDS) with the spectroscopic Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA)
survey. We find that the prediction from EG, despite requiring
no free parameters, is in good agreement with the observed
galaxy-galaxy lensing profiles in four different stellar mass
bins. Although this performance is remarkable, this study is
only a first step. Further advancements on both the theoretical
framework and observational tests of EG are needed before it can
be considered a fully developed and solidly tested theory.
This animated map shows every single
earthquake in the past 15 years
This animated map created from the NOAA, NWS, and PTWC shows
every recorded earthquake in chronological order from January 1,
2001 to December 31, 2015. The size of the circle shows the
magnitude of the earthquakes in relation to each other. The
color represents the earthquake depth.
Defy Age Using a 3600 year old Face Cream
Rcipe with a Deadly Ingrdient
Stanley Jacobs has been fascinated with ancient Egypt for as
long as he can recall, but his obsession with one particular
passage in one particular document started a little over 15
years ago. At an annual meeting of Egyptology enthusiasts, he
hunted down, on the recommendation of a patient, an ancient
Egyptian text about surgery known as the Edwin Smith Papyrus.
This document is “one of the two most important medical texts
from ancient Egypt,” according to Egyptologist James Allen, and
the case studies it contains date back 5,000 years, to the time
when Egypt’s great pyramids were built. It’s one of the oldest
records of surgery in the entire world, and when Jacobs first
read through, he was impressed.
A plastic surgeon himself, he found that most of the cases were
about “really good reconstruction after traumatic injury, of the
nose, the neck, the spinal cord,” and that its techniques were
surprisingly well thought out for a millennia-old book. What
really intrigued him, though, was a recipe at the back of the
book, titled “Transforming an Old Man Into a Youth.”
This section of the papyrus is a long and complicated set of
instructions for making what is, essentially, a face cream. The
original translator of the papyrus, the Egyptologist James
Breasted, hadn’t been much impressed by it, writing that the
recipe “proves to be nothing more than a face paste believed to
be efficacious in removing wrinkles.”
As a doctor who spends a lot of time thinking about skin,
beauty, and age, though, Jacobs wasn’t so quick to discount it.
“I realized that if they’re that serious about their surgical
treatments, they’re probably serious about this,” he says.
Jacobs wanted to try this recipe out himself, but when he
examined the recipe, he ran into a problem. The key ingredient
was “hemayet-fruit,” and he had no inkling of what that might
To Jacobs, the recipe for transforming a man to a youth did seem
to involve some serious science. The key ingredient, hemayet, is
subjected to a complicated series of manual and chemical
procedures—husked, winnowed, sifted, boiled in water, dried,
washed, ground, and boiled again. As much as a recipe, it looked
like a set of chemistry instructions.
The first translation of hemayet he found, though, identified it
as fenugreek, which didn’t make sense to Jacobs. Fenugreek is a
wispy plant, its seeds easily harvested: it wouldn’t have needed
to be winnowed and boiled so aggressively. But no one seemed to
know what else it might be. Jacobs started calling
Egyptologist after Egyptologist, asking if they knew what this
word might mean, and no one did. Finally, about eight years
after he first became curious about the recipe, someone directed
him to Allen, who in 2005 had published a new translation of the
Allen had an answer, based on the work of an earlier scholar,
more experienced than the one who had guessed fenugreek. Hemayet
was bitter almonds...
But once Jacobs and his colleagues processed the nuts, just as
the papyrus instructed, they found that all that washing leached
the poisonous compounds from the almonds. The bitterness
leaving, Jacobs says, meant the poison was gone, too.
After the transformation, one of the compounds produced from the
nuts was mandalic acid. For a dermatologist, this compound, a
known extract of bitter almonds, would already have been
familiar — starting just a few years before Jacobs got
interested in the papyrus, dermatologists had started testing it
as a treatment for acne and other skin problems. For Jacobs, it
was a revelation: since first discovering the secret of hemayet,
he has developed a patented formula for mandalic acid-based skin
care products and written about his quest in a forthcoming book,
Dr. Stanley Jacobs' Ancient
Egypt-Inspired Skin Care Line Received a Patent in October
After studying the 3,600-year-old Edwin Smith Papyrus, San
Francisco plastic surgeon Dr. Stanley Jacobs blended modern
technology with ancient knowledge to revitalize an ancient serum
for youthful skin
Long fascinated by aesthetics, Ancient Egyptian culture, and
medicine, San Francisco plastic surgeon Dr. Stanley Jacobs
combined his passions into a singular, eight-year endeavor that
ultimately resulted in the creation of a unique skin care line
and securing a patent awarded in October 2016.
The process began when Dr. Jacobs noticed a section titled
"Transforming an old man into a youth" in the famous Edwin Smith
Papyrus, a scroll considered to be the world's oldest document
exploring the subject of surgery. The hieratic script revealed a
formula for facial rejuvenation, though one ingredient --
"hemayet" -- proved to be a puzzle. Dr. Jacobs worked with other
experts to determine that hemayet referred to a substance made
from bitter almonds, today known as mandelic acid.
This discovery formed the foundation of the Stanley Jacobs MD®
Skin Care line, anchored by Visco-elastic Transforming Serum and
further developed to include the Visco-elastic Transforming
Creme and Transforming Synergy Peel. Dr. Jacobs worked with
Jules Zecchino, a chemist formerly of Estee Lauder, to create
In November 2013, a patent was filed for a "tritightening skin
care formulation" comprised of "at least one hydrophilic
polymer, at least one desquamatory agent and alpha hydroxyl
acid." The patent -- number 9,474,708 -- was granted on Oct. 25,
Research and testing included measurements of skin elasticity
before, during, and after treatments, made by a Cutometer™. This
vacuum-powered German device pulls up skin and measures how far
it stretches, then releases it and measures the rate at which it
returns to its pre-pulled state. Results of clinical trials
showed that applying the three products to skin yielded a 43
percent increase in elasticity.
Improved elasticity reduces lines and wrinkles. Mandelic acid
can also even out pigmentation and minimize skin breakouts...
To learn more about Stanley Jacobs MD Skin Care®, visit
Tritightening skin care formulation
Inventor(s): ZECCHINO JULIUS
The present invention provides for a formulation comprising: at
least one hydrophilic polymer, at least one desquamatory agent
and alpha hydroxyl acid.
SUMMARY OF INVENTION
 In another embodiment, the hydrophilic polymer is
selected from a group consisting essentially of polyglutamic
acid (PGA), crosslinked polyglutamic acid, crosslinked
hyaluronic acid, cross-linked poly lactic acid, and combination
and mixtures thereof.
 In yet another embodiment, the desquamatory agent is
selected from a group consisting essentially of N-acetyl
glucosamine (NAG), glucosamine, glucosamine hydrochloride and
combination and mixtures thereof.
 In still another embodiment, the alpha hydroxyl acid is
 In still yet another embodiment, the formulation further
Phase: Ingredients: Percentage:
A Water 58.100
Mega Moist 0.500
N-Acetyl D-Glucosamine 4.000
Mandelic Acid 0.500Ritaloe 1 X 1.000
Citric Acid 0.100
Sodium Citrate 0.300
B Alcohol 35.000
Total Percentage: 100.000
Tri-Tightening Complex Formulation B
 Phase A is weighed in a kettle equipped with high speed
agitation. The ingredients and percentage
of each ingredient in the composition is set forth in Table 2
Phase: Ingredients: Percentage:
A Water 93.100
Mega Moist 0.500
N-Acetyl D-Glucosamine 4.000
Mandelic Acid 0.500
Ritaloe 1 X 1.000
Citric Acid 0.100
Sodium Citrate 0.300
Total Percentage: 100.00
More Recent Work by David Dees
David Dees is undoubtedly one the great illustrators of our time
and his work captures the spirit of our age like few others. A
selection of some of his recent work..
Pope says : Eat Poopy Pie and Die, Pedophobes ! --
"I believe that the media should…not fall prey – without
offence, please – to the sickness of coprophilia, which is
always wanting to communicate scandal... And since people have a
tendency towards the sickness of coprophagia, it can do great
"The communications media have a very great responsibility…It is
obvious that, given that we are all sinners, also the media
can…become harmful… They can be tempted by calumny, and
therefore used to slander, to sully people, especially in the
world of politics. They can be used as a means of defamation:
every person has the right to a good reputation, but perhaps in
their previous life, or ten years ago, they had a problem with
justice, or a problem in their family life, and bringing this to
light is serious and harmful… This is a sin and it is harmful. A
thing that can do great damage to the information media is
disinformation: that is, faced with any situation, saying only a
part of the truth, and not the rest.
This is disinformation… Disinformation is probably the greatest
damage that the media can do, as opinion is guided in one
direction, neglecting the other part of the truth. I believe
that the media should…not fall prey – without offence, please –
to the sickness of coprophilia, which is always wanting to
communicate scandal…And since people have a tendency towards the
sickness of coprophagia, it can do great harm..."
December 15, 2016
It’s Beginning to Smell a Lot Like
Totalitarianism, and I Don’t Mean Russia
New Eastern Outlook
Dec 13, 2016
...Coprophilia is defined in the Merriam-Webster dictionary as
“marked interest in excrement, especially the use of feces or
filth for sexual excitement.” And coprophagia is eating feces by
humans, literally, eating shit.
What people precisely, Holy Father, have a “tendency to towards
the sickness of coprophagia”? Is this the dominant sickness of
the human race? And if not, why do you make such a disgusting
likeness between eating shit and citizens who read about
politicians and their misdeeds or media that report on same? And
who is to judge if factually true dissemination of facts about
political figures from their past is relevant or not to help
voters judge their character? I would say the comments are a
perfect example of what he pretends to condemn... &c...
Preparation technique of banana peel polymer coagulant for
The invention belongs to the technical field of water treatment
and relates to a preparation technique of a banana peel polymer
coagulant for water treatment. The technique making main use of
'low-temperature water extraction' at 30-50 DEG C comprises the
following steps: (1), adding certain water to crushed banana
peel powder at certain temperature under stirring, and leaching;
(2), adding little sodium hydroxide solution at certain
temperature under stirring; (3), selectively adding certain
sodium hypochlorite and stabilizing agent to obtain coagulant
products with different effects and stability. The banana peel
polymer coagulant for water treatment that is high in banana
peel utilization rate, low in preparation cost, good in
stability, excellent in water treatment effect and high
efficiency of removal particularly for color and heavy metals
and can provide discharged water having pH in the neutral or
weakly alkaline range may be prepared through the technique. The
banana peel polymer coagulant for water treatment is widely
applicable to the fields such as drinking water, urban
wastewater and industrial wastewater.
I was holding out for the Philosophers' Stone / Elixir, but I
can change :
Biomagnetic Pair Webinar introduction
Medical Biomagnetism, also called Biomagnetic Pair, is a natural
therapy that proposes diagnosing and treating a large number of
illnesses through the use of pairs of magnets of medium
intensity that seek to equalize the organism’s pH level. Dr.
Isaac Goiz Durán has been claiming since Dr. Broeringmeyer´s
death to be its discoverer (See below the alternative
According to medical biomagnetism, a large number of illnesses,
including cancer and many other complex diseases, are associated
with fundamental alterations in the pH level in the internal
organs and with the presence of viruses, bacteria, fungus,
parasites, toxins, and other harmful factors. The development of
illness cannot happen with a balanced pH level.
This new complementary therapy identifies diseases according to
their genuine etiology and not just their manifestation (see the
Article). Once the symptoms or signs of illness have appeared,
it is also capable of reestablishing the acidic-alkaline balance
in the organism and restore health, attacking the cause of the
problem and not just the symptomatology.
The Biomagnetic Pair therapy is different from magnetic therapy
and magnetic acupuncture, and it adopts a new paradigm. Unlike
these last two, the Biomagnetic Pair uses pairs of magnets of
opposite charges to depolarize areas in the body that are
unbalanced due to pathogens or other factors that resonate
energetically and vibrationally. It is also different in that it
has the ability to diagnose the etiology and combat the real
cause of the disease, especially viruses.
The Biomagnetic Pair is a clean and innocuous system. And still
more importantly, it is capable of detecting, diagnosing, and
correcting an abnormal condition even before the symptomatologic
manifestation. It is, therefore, a preventive therapy, as well
The Biomagnetic Pair Therapy is indeed claimed to have been
discovered by mexican Dr. Isaac Goiz Durán in 1988. However,
there are certain indications that would point to Dr. Richard
Broeringmeyer as to the real discoverer of this therapy.
According to these new indications, Dr. Goiz would have just
been its main
developer after Dr. Broeringmeyer´s death.
Richard Broeringmeyer was a prominent scientist from Kentucky,
USA. He was NASA Chief Medical in the 1980s. He had a
disciplined, meticulous and patient scientific mind. He was the
person responsible for deciding what astronauts could fly into
space or not and examining the physiological constants and
physical condition of the astronauts before going to space and
Dr. Broeringmeyer began to realize in the 80s that astronauts
returning from space would do so with one of their two legs
longer than the other one, by the fact of having been exposed to
a changing magnetic field.
Dr. Broeringmeyer began working methodically with these early
observations. He discovered how the legs changed in length when
exposed to magnetic fields applied in certain unbalanced points.
He was careful and consistent in his writings, his essays were
rigorous and well written, honoring his prestigious position.
And so Dr. Broeringmeyer went gradually and painstakingly
discovering one by one the first 150 Biomagnetic Pairs and
developing the theory of what is now known as the Biomagnetic
Even if Dr. Broeringmeyer had been seriously forbidden and
warned against talking about his revolutionary new discoveries,
he nevertheless traveled to Mexico City to deliver a lecture for
doctors at a large public hospital in Mexico City because he
knew the importance of his discovery. But unfortunately, he was
probably being closely watched too.
Dr. Goiz attended that lecture and showed special interest in
the topics presented at the conference. For this reason or
another, it seems that Dr. Broeringmeyer allowed exclusive
access to Dr. Goiz (only Dr. Goiz knew about it) to all his
priceless writings that formed the theory of the Biomagnetic
Pair therapy so that they could be kept in custody just in case
“something” happened to him.
And indeed, very shortly after that lecture, Dr. Richard
Broeringmeyer surprinsingly died in strange circumstances. Very
little is known nowadays about Dr. Richard Broeringmeyer´s life
and work, which is not consistent with the important position
that he held for years.
Therefore, according to this theory, Dr. Goiz would have taken
advantage of the big and revolutionary work of Dr. Broeringmeyer
and would have just developed it further, especially in terms of
discovering new pairs.
SISTEMA BIOMAGNETICO PARA EL TRATAMIENTO DE ENFERMEDADES
Inventor: DURAN ISAAC GOIZ [MX]
The present invention relates to a system for biomagnetic
treatment of viral diseases such as AIDS, diabetes, hepatitis,
etc. The combination of media that form allows locating of
inmediatoel or the generative organs of human pathology, and
also define lapolaridad and thus intuit or whether it is a
problem disfuncional or infectious and if this is viral or
bacterial, achieving conello decongest and heal the affected
part of eliminating body and counteracting loads based opposite
polarities, the system consists of the set of natural magnets
with inductor metálic that allows concentrating a magnetic
poleand disperse once elpolo opposite to what best results are
achieved and raise magnetic inductión significantly in the pole
Australian Blushwood vs Cancer :
7 News - Scientists find Australian berry
to cure cancer
EBC-46 // Victoria GORDON, et al.
METHODS AND COMPOSITIONS FOR WOUND HEALING.
Inventor: REDDELL PAUL WARREN / GORDON VICTORIA ANNE
The present invention relates to epoxy-tigliane compounds and
their use in promoting wound healing. In particular embodiments,
the epoxy-tigliane compounds are epoxy-tigliaen-3-one compounds.
Methods of inducing or promoting wound healing as well as
methods of reducing scarring and improving cosmetic outcomes
upon healing of a wound are described. Compounds and
compositions for use in wound healing are also described
Inventor: REDDELL PAUL WARREN / GORDON VICTORIA ANNE
Inventor: REDDELL PAUL WARREN // GORDON VICTORIA ANNE
PLANT EXTRACTS FROM ACRONYCHIA SPECIES AND THEIR USE
For more info : http://www.rexresearch.com/blushwood/gordon.htm
International Inquirer must-know datal factoids for
Bioinspired morphing wings for extended
flight envelope and roll control of small drones
M. Di Luca, S. Mintchev, G. Heitz, F. Noca, D. Floreano
Abstract -- Small-winged drones can face highly varied
aerodynamic requirements, such as high manoeuvrability for
flight among obstacles and high wind resistance for constant
ground speed against strong headwinds that cannot all be
optimally addressed by a single aerodynamic profile. Several
bird species solve this problem by changing the shape of their
wings to adapt to the different aerodynamic requirements. Here,
we describe a novel morphing wing design composed of artificial
feathers that can rapidly modify its geometry to fulfil
different aerodynamic requirements. We show that a fully
deployed configuration enhances manoeuvrability while a folded
configuration offers low drag at high speeds and is beneficial
in strong headwinds. We also show that asymmetric folding of the
wings can be used for roll control of the drone. The aerodynamic
performance of the morphing wing is characterized in
simulations, in wind tunnel measurements and validated in
outdoor flights with a small drone.
The influence of aspect ratio and stroke
pattern on force generation of a bat-inspired membrane wing
Cosima Schunk, Sharon M. Swartz, Kenneth S. Breuer
Abstract -- Aspect ratio (AR) is one parameter used
to predict the flight performance of a bat species based on wing
shape. Bats with high AR wings are thought to have superior
lift-to-drag ratios and are therefore predicted to be able to
fly faster or to sustain longer flights. By contrast, bats with
lower AR wings
are usually thought to exhibit higher manoeuvrability. However,
the half-span ARs of most bat wings fall into a narrow range of
about 2.5–4.5. Furthermore, these predictions do not take into
account the wide variation in flapping motion observed in bats.
To examine the influence of different stroke patterns, we
measured lift and drag of highly compliant membrane wings with
different bat-relevant ARs. A two degrees of freedom shoulder
joint allowed for independent control of flapping amplitude and
wing sweep. We tested five models with the same variations of
stroke patterns, flapping frequencies and wind speed velocities.
Our results suggest that within the relatively small AR range of
bat wings, AR has no clear effect on force generation. Instead,
the generation of lift by our simple model mostly depends on
wingbeat frequency, flapping amplitude and freestream velocity;
drag is mostly affected by the flapping amplitude.
Petiolate wings: effects on the
leading-edge vortex in flapping flight
Nathan Phillips, Kevin Knowles, Richard J. Bomphrey
Abstract -- The wings of many insect species including
crane flies and damselflies are petiolate (on stalks), with the
wing planform beginning some distance away from the wing hinge,
rather than at the hinge. The aerodynamic impact of flapping
petiolate wings is relatively unknown, particularly on the
formation of the lift-augmenting leading-edge vortex (LEV): a
key flow structure exploited by many insects, birds and bats to
enhance their lift coefficient. We investigated the aerodynamic
implications of petiolation P using particle image velocimetry
flow field measurements on an array of rectangular wings of
aspect ratio 3 and petiolation values of P = 1–3. The wings were
driven using a mechanical device, the ‘Flapperatus’, to produce
highly repeatable insect-like kinematics. The wings maintained a
constant Reynolds number of 1400 and dimensionless stroke
amplitude ?* (number of chords traversed by the wingtip) of 6.5
across all test cases. Our results showed that for more
petiolate wings the LEV is generally larger, stronger in
circulation, and covers a greater area of the wing surface,
particularly at the mid-span and inboard locations early in the
wing stroke cycle. In each case, the LEV was initially arch-like
in form with its outboard end terminating in a focus-sink on the
wing surface, before transitioning to become continuous with the
tip vortex thereafter. In the second half of the wing stroke,
more petiolate wings exhibit a more detached LEV, with
detachment initiating at approximately 70% and 50% span for P =
1 and 3, respectively. As a consequence, lift coefficients based
on the LEV are higher in the first half of the wing stroke for
petiolate wings, but more comparable in the second half.
Time-averaged LEV lift coefficients show a general rise with
petiolation over the range tested.
The flapping-wing apparatus, the
'Flapperatus', is an experimental test rig for research into
The 'Flapperatus') with varying
Manuscript final.pdf - Cranfield
University by N Phillips
The mechanical flapper apparatus (the 'flapperatus') pictured in
Fig. 2, enables an insect-like wing to be flapped with three
controllable degrees of freedom...
Stop Throwing Away Avocado Seeds: They're
Potent Cancer Fighters
Congress Hands Government Authority to
Microchip People with 'Mental Disabilities'
No, you haven't entered the Twilight Zone. This actually just
happened. And the language is so vague, we don't know what type
of tracking tech will be employed or how far this program will
end up going if it gets in full swing... Orwellian doesn't even
begin to describe it...
Is That Really Sour Diesel? Scientist
Takes On Weed’s Big Question
Using weed's DNA, Mowgli Holmes has created the world's
largest genomic database of marijuana
By Shane Dixon Kavanaugh
The draft genome and transcriptome of
Harm van Bakel, et al.
Cannabis sativa has been cultivated throughout human history as
a source of fiber, oil and food, and for its medicinal and
intoxicating properties. Selective breeding has produced
cannabis plants for specific uses, including high-potency
marijuana strains and hemp cultivars for fiber and seed
molecular biology underlying cannabinoid biosynthesis and other
traits of interest is largely unexplored.
We sequenced genomic DNA and RNA from the marijuana strain
Purple Kush using shortread approaches. We report a draft
haploid genome sequence of 534 Mb and a transcriptome of 30,000
genes. Comparison of the transcriptome of Purple Kush with that
of the hemp cultivar 'Finola' revealed that many genes encoding
proteins involved in cannabinoid and precursor pathways are more
highly expressed in Purple Kush than in 'Finola'. The exclusive
occurrence of D9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid synthase in the
Purple Kush transcriptome, and its replacement by cannabidiolic
acid synthase in 'Finola', may explain why the
psychoactive cannabinoid ?9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is
produced in marijuana but not in hemp.
Resequencing the hemp cultivars 'Finola' and 'USO-31' showed
little difference in gene copy numbers of cannabinoid pathway
enzymes. However, single nucleotide variant analysis uncovered a
relatively high level of variation among four cannabis types,
and supported a separation of marijuana and hemp.
The availability of the Cannabis sativa genome enables the study
of a multifunctional plant that occupies a unique role in human
culture. Its availability will aid the development of
therapeutic marijuana strains with tailored cannabinoid profiles
and provide a basis for the breeding of hemp with improved
Meanwhile ( just for farts & chortles ) :
Could It Really, Really Be The End?
By J Chiappalone
Music in the brain: The first imaging
genetic study linking dopaminergic genes to music
Sounds, such as music and noise, are capable of reliably
affecting individuals' moods and emotions, possibly by
regulating brain dopamine, a neurotransmitter strongly involved
in emotional behavior and mood regulation. However, the
relationship of sound environments with mood and emotions is
highly variable across individuals. A putative source of
variability is genetic background, a study shows...
...In more details, results showed mood improvement after music
exposure in GG subjects and mood deterioration after noise
exposure in GT subjects. Moreover, the music as opposed to noise
environment decreased the striatal activity of GT subjects as
well as the prefrontal activity of GG subjects while processing
..."This study represents the first use of the imaging genetics
approach in the field of music and sounds in general. We are
really excited about our results because they suggest that even
a non-pharmacological intervention such as music, might regulate
mood and emotional responses at both the behavioral and neuronal
level," says Professor Elvira Brattico....
Natural scale caterpillar soft robot is
powered and controlled with light
Researchers, using the liquid crystal elastomer technology have
demonstrated a bioinspired micro-robot capable of mimicking
caterpillar gaits in natural scale. The 15-millimeter long soft
robot harvests energy from green light and is controlled by
spatially modulated laser beam. Apart from traveling on flat
surfaces, it can also climb slopes, squeeze through narrow slits
and transport loads...
Non-Breaking News @ 2014 !
Cutting the cord on soft robots: Machine
walks through snow, flames and can be run over by cars
Engineers have developed the world's first untethered soft robot
-- and demonstrated that the quadruped, which can literally
stand up and walk away from its designers, can walk through
snow, fire and even be run over by a car. The hope is that such
robots might one day serve as a search and rescue tool following
Video : Cutting the cord on soft
From Harvard engineers, a machine that can walk through
Chinese space company claims to have a
warp drive engine working in orbit
NASA’s much-hyped EM Drive – often described as a ‘Warp Drive’ –
made shockwaves around the world, with a propulsion system which
seems to defy the laws of physics.
But now China claims not only to have a rival device – but that
it’s in space already, and working.
The engine works by bouncing microwaves around inside an
enclosed container – and could revolutionise space travel,
allowing spaceships to reach Mars in weeks.
The engine has no exhaust, and would outperform any current
booster used in space – and NASA tests showed it was working
earlier this year.
But a team from the China Academy of Space Technology has said
that NASA’s results ‘re-confirm’ their own work – and plan to
use the drive in satellites ‘as quickly as possible’.
The team claim that the thruster has already been tested in low
Earth orbit on board China’s Tiangong-2 space station.
Roger Shawyer Explaining The Basic
Science behind #EmDrive
The aerospace engineer Roger Shawyer created EMDrive theory in
2001 and promotes the thruster through his company, Satellite
Propulsion Research LTD (SPRLTD).
Occult Banking: Semitic Origins of
Double-Entry Bookkeeping & Money Creation
Colin McKay is an Australian born entrepreneur living in New
South Wales. From 2010-2014 he blogged on finance, economics,
and Australian politics and in 2010 he served as board member
and bookkeeper for the Center for Economic Stability. In 2011 he
presented his own concept for Deror, an alternate currency
ecosystem where "everyone is their own central banker.” McKay
blogs at Psalmistice.com and is presently writing a book tracing
the foundations of double-entry accounting to ancient Semitic
Colin is with us to provide a detailed overview of his essay
“The Money Shot: Even Banking Is All About Sex,” which presents
the history and mechanisms of el modo vinegia (“the Venetian
method”) of double-entry bookkeeping. He explains how this
Hermetic-Kabbalist system for calculating debts that was
formalized during the early Renaissance period has been used for
deliberately concealing the immoral practice of usury in the
banking system. Colin describes how the ancient Semitic worship
of the androgynous goddess Inanna-Ishtar and the principle of
the unity of opposites (male/female, order/disorder,
creation/destruction), used in combination with trickery in the
form of deceitful words, is the fundamental underlying concept
of creating “money” out of nothing. He illustrates how this
“magick” is represented by the Hermetic-Kabbalist alchemical
symbol of the hexagram (Seal of Solomon) and breaks down the
two-sided, sexual nature of the process at the heart of usury.
Then, we discuss Professor Richard Werner’s investigations of
the central banking system in Japan and his legal perspective of
credit. Colin also talks about the practice of money lending
within the Catholic church and the 14th century transformation
of modern banking that occurred when the church adopted the
In the members’ segment, Colin addresses the importance of
understanding the mechanisms of the central banking system and
the creation of credit by private banks. He explains how the
predatory banking system’s core fraud revolves around the
changing of labels that lead borrowers to mistake substance for
form. Then, Colin introduces his alternate currency, Deror, an
honor based system that can be understood by looking at ancient
Cuneiform record keeping, which used a bartering system of IOUs
overseen by central authorities such as temple priests. He lays
out how the algorithm works on the concept of a triangular
balance sheet, with credits on one side, debts on another, and
an honor rating at the top, and he gives examples of the
exchange as a social interaction based on trust. Colin says the
idea behind this system is that everyone is able to be a “money
god” with infinite potential to create money. Later, we look at
the idea that Bitcoin shares similar problems with conventional
money in that its worth is based in a value that can be
increased through saving rather than spending. At the end, Colin
illuminates the occult concept of expanding or lengthening
balance sheets as a metaphor for the power of lenders over those
World Map Of IQ Drop Due To Muslim
'Refugees' And Others
By Patricia Doyle
"Not Sending Their Best": World Map of IQ
Drop Due to Immigration
by Anatoly Karlin
Why eating ham or sausages four times a
week could worsen asthma
By Ben Spencer
Eating ham or sausages four times a week could worsen asthma
symptoms, experts have warned.
The research suggests the 5.4million people in the UK who suffer
with asthma could be at greater risk of problems if they eat too
much cured or processed meat.
Scientists believe the nitrites used to process cured meat such
as salami may trigger inflammation in the airways - a typical
feature of asthma...
Snopes.com is run by an embezzler, a
hooker & a dominatrix
by Dr. Eowyn
According to independent investigative journalist and former
U.S. Navy officer and NSA employee Wayne Madsen, the fact-check
website Snopes.com — which Facebook is using to combat so-called
“fake news” — is a CIA operation.
Now, thanks to a report by the UK’s Daily Mail, we know Snopes
not only peddles CIA propaganda, it is a sleazy outfit, run by
an embezzler, a former
hooker/porn star, and a dominatrix.
Reporting for Daily Mail, Dec. 21, 2016, Alana Goodman points
out that Snopes.com will benefit from Facebook using the site as
an arbiter of truth by determining what’s “fake news.” Now a
DailyMail.com investigation has exposed Snopes.com’s sleazy
Tinkle Therapy 101 :
The Autoimmune Revolution: FREE Online
Baby of Parents Who Declined Birth Certificate Still Not
Returned in Alabama
Cyber Attacker on Hunger Strike in Prison for Protesting Medical
Kidnapping of Justina Pelletier
Dr. Waney Squier Speaks out on Faulty Shaken Baby Science Used
to Condemn the Innocent
Children Taken from Military Dad Using Medical Marijuana for
PTSD to be Returned
Medical Kidnap of Children from Former Amish Mother Reveals
History of Abuse in One Pennsylvania Amish Community
Medically Kidnapped Texas Teen Suffers Seizures, Medical Neglect
in State Care
FBI Investigates Baby Kidnapped from Couple in Alabama Who
Declined Birth Certificate and SSN
Scientists have discovered a new state of
matter for water
One of the most basic things we are taught in school science
classes is that water can exist in three different states,
either as solid ice, liquid water, or vapour gas. But an
international team of scientists have recently found signs that
liquid water might actually come in two different states.
Writing in an experimental paper, published in the International
Journal of Nanotechnology, the researchers were surprised to
find a number of physical properties of water change their
behaviour between 50℃ and 60℃. This sign of a potential change
to a second liquid state could spark a heated discussion in the
scientific community. And, if confirmed, it could have
implications for a range of fields, including nanotechnology and
International Journal of Nanotechnology (IJNT), Vol. 13,
No. 8/9, 2016
On the existence of two states in liquid
water: impact on biological and nanoscopic systems
by L.M. Maestro, et al.
Abstract: This work reviews several properties of liquid water,
including the dielectric constant and the proton-spin lattice
relaxation, and draws attention to a bilinear behaviour defining
a crossover in the temperature range 50 ± 10°C between two
possible states in liquid water. The existence of these two
states in liquid water plays an important role in nanometric and
biological systems. For example, the optical properties of
metallic (gold and silver) nanoparticles dispersed in water,
used as nanoprobes, and the emission properties of CdTe quantum
dots (QDs), used for fluorescence bioimaging and tumour
targeting, show a singular behaviour in this temperature range.
In addition, the structural changes in liquid water may be
associated with the behaviour of biological macromolecules in
aqueous solutions and in particular with protein denaturation.
Special Snowflake Cop Law #5983745 : Die, Lassy ! Die,
Old Yeller !
Federal Court Rules Cops can Shoot your
Dog for Barking
Rex Research Rules Dogs can Shoot Cops
for being Sphincters
A wolverine inspired material:
Self-healing, transparent, highly stretchable material can
be electrically activated
by Sean Nealon
Scientists, including several from the University of California,
Riverside, have developed a transparent, self-healing, highly
stretchable conductive material that can be electrically
activated to power artificial muscles and could be used to
improve batteries, electronic devices, and robots.
The findings, which were published today in the journal Advanced
Material, represent the first time scientists have created an
ionic conductor, meaning materials that ions can flow through,
that is transparent, mechanically stretchable, and
Inventor: SUN JEONG YUN / KEPLINGER CHRISTOPH MATTHIAS
STRETCHABLE IONICS FOR TRANSPARENT SENSORS AND ACTUATORS
A class of devices enabled by ionic conductors is highly
stretchable, fully transparent to light of all colors,
biocompatible or biodegradable, and capable of operation at
frequencies beyond 10 kilohertz and voltages above 10 kilovolts.
These devices enabled by ionic conductors can be used as large
actuators, full-range loudspeakers, as strain or pressure
sensors and as stretchable interconnects. The electromechanical
transduction is achieved without electrochemical reaction. When
large stretchability and high optical transmittance are
required, the ionic conductors have lower sheet resistance than
all existing electronic conductors.
I never would have agreed to the formulation of the Central
Intelligence Agency back in '47, if I had known it would become
the American Gestapo. -- Harry S Truman, 1961
Fuel Vaporization : 117 Degrees Optimum --
Method and system for preheating fuel
Inventor(s): GORANFLO RICHARD
A method and system for preheating internal combustion engine
fuel to an optimum temperature before introducing the fuel into
the carburetion system. It has been found that an engine fuel
such as gasoline will have an optimum temperature at the point
of carburetion for maximum combustion efficiency. A heat
exchanger extracts heat from hot engine coolant to add heat to
the fuel. A thermostatic switch and solenoid valve controls
coolant flow to maintain the optimum temperature. Thermal
insulation is provided around the fuel supply system and the
heat exchanger to prevent engine heat from causing the fuel
temperature to exceed the optimum temperature.
As may be noted from the graph of FIG. 1, a sharp increase in
miles per gallon was obtained between 115 DEG and 120 DEG F.
with the optimum mileage of 25 miles to the gallon obtained at
approximately 117 DEG F. The efficiency of the engine decreased
rapidly above 120 DEG F. dropping to about 9 miles per gallon
at 140 DEG F. The fuel temperature was controlled during the
test by means of the fuel preheat system of my invention to be
described in more detail below. Without the system of the
invention installed, this vehicle averages a fuel consumption of
about 17 miles per gallon at 55 miles per hour under the
conditions of the above described tests.
The 100 Best Space Photos of 2016
By Hanneke Weitering
Tesla’s Time Travel Experiment: I could
see the past, present and future all at the same time’
...According to reports, in 1895 Tesla made a shocking discovery
suggesting that time and space could be influenced by magnetic
fields. Allegedly, this idea –that one could alter time and
space by magnetic fields — led to a number of experiments that
allegedly gave birth to the infamous Philadelphia project –
considered mostly a hoax.
It is believed that Tesla worked on the idea of time travel,
discovering amazing results along the way.
Using magnetic fields, Tesla found that the space-time barrier
could be ‘altered’ and accessed by creating a ‘trojan horse’
which eventually led to a different time.
However, it is still unclear whether or not Tesla actually
achieved this as there are no documents whatsoever that prove –
or for that case — disprove something like this occurred...
In 1895, a witness found Tesla at a small coffee shop looking
shaken and disturbed. His assistant claimed that Tesla was
almost electrocuted by a machine as Tesla was trying to solve
the time travel riddle.
After nearly dying, Tesla claimed he had found himself in an
entirely different time and space window, where he could see the
past, present, and future at the same time while staying within
the artificially created ‘magnetic field.’
Regrettably, there are no documents –which we were able to find–
to back up these claims. However, if Tesla tried to achieve time
travel, he surely wasn’t the only scientist to try.
Baba Vanga sez :
Here are 13 predictions that Baba Vanga
made for 2016 and the future
She is called the Nostradamus of the Balkans, and with good
reason. Baba, Vanga, the blind Bulgarian clairvoyant, who died
20 years ago, is believed to have predicted the rise of the
ISIS, the fall of the twin towers, the 2004 Tsunami, and the
global warming, among a host of other events...
Here are 13 predictions that the Blind Baba made for 2016 and
Barack Obama will be the last president of the US: Baba Vanga
had predicted that the 44th US president would be an African
American, but she had also added that he would be the last one.
According to her, he would leave office at a time when the
country would be in economic ruins, and there would be a huge
divide between the northern and southern states – as was the
case during the American Civil War.
Europe will cease to exist: According to Baba Vanga, the
continent will cease to exist by 2016, and all that would remain
will be empty spaces and wasteland, nearly devoid of any form of
life. She is reported to have said that chemical weapons would
be used by extremists against Europe.
Muslims will invade Europe: The blind mystic had also predicted
that Muslims will invade Europe, and there will be widespread
destruction by extremists, which will go on for many years,
until the continent ceases to exist. She had also predicted that
a Great Muslim War will begin in Syria.
China will become the new super power: As per her predictions,
China is set to become the new superpower in 2018, bringing an
end to the United States and its economy. According to her, the
exploiters (the developed nations) will become the exploited
(the third world). In 2011, the International Monetary Fund had
also predicted that China’s economy will overtake that of the US
in 2016, emerging as the new superpower.
Hunger eradication: Baba Vanga has predicted that hunger will
get eradicated sometime between 2025 and 2028.
On to Venus: Humans will travel to Venus, according to the Baba,
in search of new energy sources. They might even set up a colony
Rome as the capital of the Islamic caliphate: Islam will finish
invading the whole of Europe by 2043, and Rome will be the
capital of the new caliphate.
Ice caps melting: According to the Baba, ice caps will melt by
2045. The rate at which the ice caps are melting already due to
global warming, does seem to suggest the same.
Cloning of organs: As per Baba Vanga’s predictions, body organs
will be cloned in 2046, and that would be the easiest method of
US attacking Muslim dominated Europe: By 2066, the US will
attack Muslim dominated Europe using climate change weapon, and
will try to retake Rome and bring back Christianity.
The return of Communism: By 2076, communism will return to
Europe and the rest of the world.
Underwater civilisations: By 2130, civilisations will learn how
to live under water, with the help of aliens.
The death of the Earth: By 3797, everything on Earth will cease
to exist. However, humans will be advanced enough to move to a
new star system.
The Forgotten Baba vanga prophecies about
World War III !
List of Baba Vanga predictions :
Assassination / murder attempts on four heads of states that
becomes one of the causes for the start of
The start of WWIII in 2010. The war will begin around November
of 2010 and will end around October of 2014. Will start as a
normal war, then will include usage of nuclear and chemical
weapons. [ Arab Spring, 2010-2011 ]
Due to the radioactive showers in Northern Hemisphere in 2011 –
animals and/or plants will die [ Fukushima ]
Muslims will wage chemical war against Europeans/NATO around
More and more of the people in this world in 2014 will have skin
cancer and skin related diseases.
Around 2016, Europe is almost empty.
China becomes the new world power around 2018.
Earth’s orbit will change slightly around 2023.
Development of a new energy source around 2028. Hunger slowly
stops being a problem.
Around 2033 all of the Polar ice caps melt and World ocean
By 2043 the world economy is prosperous and Muslims will be
Any organs can be mass produced by 2046 and exchange of body
organs becomes the favorite method of treatment.
During it’s attack on Rome around 2046 (which is under control
of the Muslims) U.S.A. uses a new method of weapons.
Because af a new disease around 2088, people are getting old in
few seconds, this can be cured by 2097.
Other Baba Vanga Prophecies for the Future
2100 – Man made Sun is lighting up the dark side of the planet
2111 – People become robots.
2123 – Wars between small countries. Big countries don’t get
2125 – In Hungary the signals from Space are received. (People
will be reminded of Vanga again)
2130 – Colonies under water (advices from aliens)
2154 – Animals become half-humans.
2167 – New religion
2170 – Big drought.
2183 – Colony on Mars becomes nuclear nation and is asking for
independence from the Earth. (same way as U.S. did from England)
2187 – Successfully two volcano eruptions are stopped.
2195 – Sea colonies are fully supplied with energy and food.
2196 – Full mixture between Asians and Europeans.
2201 – Thermonuclear reactions on the Sun slow down.
2221 – In the search of Alien life, human beings engage with
something very frightening.
2256 – Spaceship brings a frightening new disease into Earth.
2262 – Orbits of planets start to change progressively. Mars is
under a threat of being hit by a comet.
2271 – Physic properties are calculated over, since they
2273 – Mix of yellow, white, and black race. New race.
2279 – Energy out of nothing (probably from vacuum or black
2288 – Travel through time. New contacts with the aliens.
2291 – Sun cools. Attempts to fire it up again are taken.
2296 – Bright flashes on the Sun. Force of gravity changes. Old
space stations and satellites begin to fall
2299 – In France, there is a partisan uprising against Islam.
2302 – New important new laws and mysteries about the universe
2304 – The mystery of the Moon is uncovered.
2341 – Something frightening is closing in with Earth from the
2354 – Accident on one of the man made suns, will result in
2371 – Mighty hunger.
2378 – New and fast growing race.
2480 – Two man made suns will collide. Earth is in the dark.
3005 – War on Mars. Trajectory of planets changes.
3010 – Comet will ram into the Moon. Around Earth there is a
belt of rocks and dust.