Stuff & Stuff

( January 2017 )

 Sci-Techy News & Olds & Miscellaneous Odds, Ends, Evens & Beginnings

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George Wiseman / Eagle Research -- Brown's Gas Generators --

Fully Assembled ER50 ready NOW

Details to order a FULLY ASSEMBLED ER50 are below...
Breathing / Drinking BG UPDATE:
In addition to all the personal benefits I listed in the ' Plants Don't Lie' document, I've recently noticed that all the warts on my body have disappeared.
I've had hand warts since childhood, got them from my best friend (he's still my best friend).  They were generally pretty benign and small (I'd clip out any that grew in size), but now they are GONE!  I literally can't find one and there were usually at least a dozen.  I do not know when they left but it's good to see them gone :)
Then there's the plantar wart that was on my foot (gross, I know).  I'd have to peal it off (the excess skin) occasionally (about once every two months) or it'd be painful (like a stone in my shoe).  I THINK it must have pealed off when the severe psoriasis left my feet (all my skin) baby skin smooth. 
I thought the thick callus on hands, elbows, knees and feet was normal, because I've had them from a child, working hard on my Dad's ranch.  I didn't know the thick white pealing skin was psoriasis.  I'm amazed at how smooth my skin is compared to friends my age (nearly 60).  I've can't remember a time when I've had skin so smooth! 
I don't use any 'rejuvenation' or 'hydrating' creams, etc.  I guess being a guy, I never felt the need (it was an advantage to look older).  Now that I'm actually older I was considering it... but the BG seems to be doing everything such creams promise, from the inside out. 

Again I think... "If this is what I'm seeing on the OUTSIDE, what must be happening on the INSIDE?!"
I’ve updated the ‘ Plant’s Don’t Lie’ pdf, if you’ve downloaded it, it’d be good to  download it again.
Here's an article discussing Chronic De-Hydration as the cause of most disease. 
I've also learned that chronically de-hydrated people lose the ability to discern between hunger and thirst and thus often eat instead of drink. 

Helpful healthful dieting tip: I find it helpful to drink a quart (liter) of (BG Bubbled) water when I feel hungry, then if I still feel hungry 1/2 hour later, to eat a reasonable portion of healthy food.  This technique helped me lose 30 excess pounds. I'm also starting to exercise.  I noticed some muscle definition just from the BG water / breathing but just having muscle doesn't mean it's toned or strong.  For that you need to USE your muscles. 

After only a couple of weeks going to the gym (you can do it at home with exercises like  in this book) I already feel stronger and more stable (good thing in the winter).
As people get their  ER50's kits built and operational I'm hearing more amazing testimonials.  Most are unwilling to go public and I respect that. 
You can see some testimonials posted at the bottom of the  ER50 Kit Sales Page.
On my ' Brown's Gas for Health' page you can also find a link to a PATENT where a Korean man was using my ER1200 WaterTorches in his clinics to cure many illnesses (the patent lists the illnesses and provides proofs).
In addition to those, I have people telling me that their vision is improving (like mine is) and one person, who had access to a microscope, shared that a blood sample taken before breathing BG had clumped corpuscles and immediately after breathing the BG, the corpuscles were all individually free (unclumped).  I'm thinking this is a GOOD THING :)
And I STILL HAVEN'T BEEN SICK except for occasional sniffle, since 2006.  I have NOT taken  antibiotics or  vaccines in all that time (I would in an emergency).  I attribute this 'wellness' mostly to Drinking / Breathing the BG and (for the very seldom sniffle) I take a supplement like  Immune FX,  Nutrilite TriGuard Echinacea and/or  Immune 7 by Purica.
I also have a folder of Brown's Gas for Health testimonials from Loyd Jacob, a chiropractor in Spokane Washington, who has treated people with Brown's Gas (mostly topically) for years.  His clients love the treatments, which he primarily uses to loosen muscles and stop pain (though there were also many healthful side effects).  I'll get these posted as soon as I can find the time.
In the meantime, my big news is that when I recently offered to assemble ER50 kits (last eNews) several people took me up on the offer and the result was that they all got working ER50s, AND that I'm now set up to offer  FULLY ASSEMBLED ER50s to everyone.
This is the FIRST TIME I'm making this offer  publicly.  I've always sold the ER50 as Kits because I was convinced that I needed to keep the cost down as low as possible and that people who 'find me' were mostly DIY skilled or had access to DIY friends. 

BUT I now see that many people just do not have the time, tools, skills, space, etc. to put kits together. 

These people need  Brown's Gas for Health just as much as the 'handymen'.
So I've set up a new  FULLY ASSEMBLED ER50 Sales Page on my website.  This will allow people to buy an ER50 that is 'ready to use'.
Buying now will get you an ER50 that is PERSONALLY hand built by me (George Wiseman) the original inventor of this super simple and efficient version of Brown's Gas (BG or HHO) technology.  If sales pick up I'll need to hire people to assemble these units so you won't get my personal touch.
A bit of relevant 'SUPPRESSION' history I hadn't shared yet:
Starting August 2014 (just after my BG presentation in Albuquerque) The USPS (and UPS) started SMASHING my 'chamber assembled' ER50s. 
Because I know that the USPS is capable of finding and tracking specific packages (previous suppression experience) I tried several shipping changes to keep them from being smashed, but each time I made a change (to confuse their automatic tracking computers), they'd figure it out within a couple of shipments and then start smashing them again. 
Such shipping changes usually allowed me to slip an ER50 through to a customer who had received a smashed one but I had to send 4 to one customer before he got an unbroken one (the unbroken one was in a crate, see below). 
Before the Alburquerque presentation I had shipped out (since 2001) dozens of 'chamber assembled' ER50's and the USPS (and UPS) hadn't broken a single one. 
Obviously (in my opinion) the Alburquerque presentation caught the eye of the Vested Interest. (this isn't my first experience with Vested Interest using USPS suppression techniques).
I then tried to putting a padded ER50 into a box, with more padding inside another box with wooden supports....and I kid you NOT! The USPS OPENED both the boxes, smashed the ER50 and repacked the boxes... so they wouldn’t have to pay my insurance claim (because there was no damage to the boxes).   My jaw literally dropped when my customer showed me the pictures.
It was also STUPID CRAZY to get the USPS to pay all the other insurance claims... I spent HOURS fulfilling all their 'requirements'.  After a few I got really good at doing it (I made templates).
I ended up pointing out (literally to a USPS lawyer) that I was taking steps to sue the USPS and I'd go into court Pro Se (without a lawyer), because it didn't matter if I won or lost the court case, because the PUBLICITY I'd get from suing (being an inventor suing the USPS for deliberately smashing my products) would allow me to make a HUGE number of sales.
NOTE: This wasn't my first rodeo, so I had been gathering information on their shenanigans as it happened, so when they erased the information from their computers (which they did BTW), I still had copies (proof of this particular craziness).

They immediately paid all the claims, (except the one where they opened the boxes).
Since the 'double box' packing (that USPS recommended) didn't work, I now put the ER50’s into a CRATE, using #2 Robertson head screws…  Roberson head screwdrivers aren't common in the USA, so they work as a USPS tamper resistant feature.
So far none of these crated ER50s has been smashed (I’m lucky they are lazy bast….s)or 'lost' (I do pay the extortionist tracking and insurance fees).  But it’s costing me an additional $70 to build the crate, higher shipping cost, etc.
ON the bright side; I figured out how to assemble the ER50 right IN THE CRATE, so solving this 'smashing issue' has actually helped me advance the ER50 usability.  I can now offer FULLY ASSEMBLED ER50s and can be reasonably sure they'll reach you unbroken.

It'll be 'interesting' to see what Suppression Technique they'll use on me next.
This may be another GOOD REASON to buy your  FULLY Assembled ER50 now, rather than later...Because in my experience the Vested Interest gets real active on people who actually offer FINISHED PRODUCT. 
They care little about books (maybe they think most people don't read anymore) and They care only a bit about kits (thinking most people won't put them together).  They care a LOT about plug and play product that could cost them BILLIONS in lost revenue. It's also embarrassing (to them) that WATER, specially made at HOME, can cure or mitigate many
illnesses that they are currently using DRUGS, antibiotics and vaccines to treat symptoms (not cure). For people who find the price of the  Fully Assembled ER50 steep ($968), I do offer a (PayPal  sponsored) financing option at the bottom of the  Fully Assembled ER50 sales page.

Astronomers think a rare and explosive 'red nova' will light up the night sky in a few years


Dave Mosher

 KIC 9832227 @ Cygnus


Earth’s atmosphere can be turned into massive surveillance system using LASERS, scientists discover


BAE Systems are designing a directed energy laser system that could allow military commanders to spy on enemy activities from space.

BAE believe that within 50 years, one of their aircraft could use an “atmospheric lens” to observe people from very long distances using the Earth’s atmosphere as a tool.

The lasers temporarily change the Earth’s atmosphere into magnifying glass structures which can alter light and radio signals.

This means users can listen into radio signals for thousands of miles.

A spokesperson said: “Within the next 50 years, scientists at BAE Systems believe that battlefield commanders could deploy a new type of directed energy laser and lens system, called a Laser Developed Atmospheric Lens which is capable of enhancing commanders’ ability to observe adversaries’ activities over much greater distances than existing sensors.”

“Working with some of the best scientific minds in the UK, we’re able to incorporate emerging and disruptive technologies and evolve the landscape of potential military technologies in ways that, five or ten years ago, many would never have dreamed possible,” added Professor Nick Colosimo, BAE Systems’ Futurist and Technologist.

High powered pulsed lasers will create a lens by manipulating the Earth’s atmosphere, scientists at BAE claim Battlefield commanders could spy on foes using a laser streamed from space

A high pulsed power laser system will temporarily heat a small region of atmosphere so it will mimic the ionosphere – which bounces radio signals

Laser technology is hotting up, with Britain unleashing a  Star Wars’ style laser cannon dubbed Dragonfire.

The concept mimics the ionosphere, a naturally occurring layer of the Earth’s atmosphere which can be reflective to radio waves.

The radio signals bounce off the ionosphere allowing them to travel very long distances through the air and over the Earth’s surface, picking up every radio signal in its wake.
BAE Systems claimed the lens could also be used as a form of “deflector shield” too.

The Laser Developed Atmospheric Lens (LDAL) concept was developed by technologists at the Company’s military aircraft facility in Warton, Lancashire.

A method and apparatus for concentrating electromagnetic energy
Applicant: BAE SYSTEMS PLC [GB]    

An electromagnetic energy concentrator apparatus for capturing electromagnetic energy, 208a, and focussing said energy toward a specified target, 202, the apparatus comprising an EM radiation source, 206 and a control system configured to cause electromagnetic radiation from said source to be applied to a selected plurality of three-dimensional portions of an atmospheric volume in a propagation path of said electromagnetic energy so as to heat and/or ionise the air within said portions, wherein said selected portions are spatially located together in a three-dimensional configuration so as to simulate an electromagnetic radiation path modifying element, 204, for capturing said electromagnetic energy and directing and/or converging said captured energy, 210, toward a focal point at or adjacent to said specified target, 202. A method of creating an atmospheric electromagnetic radiation path modifying element (i.e. an atmospheric lens or mirror / reflector) operative to simulate an EM energy concentrator is also described. The device may be used as a weapon or for solar power generation.


How To Save an Old Laptop By Installing This Free OS

by David Nield

Browse faster and safer with Brave.

The new Brave browser automatically blocks ads and trackers, making it faster and safer than your current browser.

Brave blocks trackers and intrusive ads that can slow you down on the web.

Brave keeps you and your information safer, effectively shielding you from 3rd party tracking and malvertisement.

With Brave, you can choose whether to see ads that respect your privacy or pay sites directly. Either way, you can feel good about helping fund content creators.

Wow :

CHINA GIRL Liu Pinxi aka Yoyo Plays Mindblowing Guitar Ages 8 -10

Super Incredible Girl Drummer FOOLS Crowd at Japanese Mall! So Cool!

The Future of Rock By Teen Sensation Tina S French Guitar Goddess
January 19, 2017

Graphene's sleeping superconductivity awakens

...Since its discovery in 2004, scientists have speculated that graphene may also have the capacity to be a superconductor. Until now, superconductivity in graphene has only been achieved by doing it with, or by placing it on, a superconducting material - a process which can compromise some of its other properties.

But in the new study, researchers at the University of Cambridge managed to activate the dormant potential for graphene to superconduct in its own right. This was achieved by coupling it with a material called praseodymium cerium copper oxide (PCCO)...

It remains unclear what type of superconductivity the team activated, but their results strongly indicate that it is the elusive "p-wave" form. If so, the study could transform the ongoing debate about whether this mysterious type of superconductivity exists, and - if so - what exactly it is...
Nature Communications,
DOI: 10.1038/NCOMMS14024

p-wave triggered superconductivity in single-layer graphene on an electron-doped oxide superconductor

A. Di Bernardo, O. Millo, M. Barbone, H. Alpern, Y. Kalcheim, U. Sassi, A. K. Ott, D. De Fazio, D. Yoon, M. Amado, A. C. Ferrari, J. Linder & J. W. A. Robinson


Electron pairing in the vast majority of superconductors follows the Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer theory of superconductivity, which describes the condensation of electrons into pairs with antiparallel spins in a singlet state with an s-wave symmetry. Unconventional superconductivity was predicted in single-layer graphene (SLG), with the electrons pairing with a p-wave or chiral d-wave symmetry, depending on the position of the Fermi energy with respect to the Dirac point. By placing SLG on an electron-doped (non-chiral) d-wave superconductor and performing local scanning tunnelling microscopy and spectroscopy, here we show evidence for a p-wave triggered superconducting density of states in SLG. The realization of unconventional superconductivity in SLG offers an exciting new route for the development of p-wave superconductivity using two-dimensional materials with transition temperatures above 4.2?K.

New molecule knocks out superbugs' immunity to antibiotics

Michael Irving

...Last year, a report commissioned by the UK government outlined a grim possible future that could "cast us back into the dark ages of medicine," where our drugs simply don't work and rampant antibiotic-resistant bacteria are responsible for up to 10 million deaths per year. That report predicted those horrors for the year 2050, but unfortunately, the killer bugs might be ahead of schedule: our last line of defense against bacteria, a class of antibiotics called carbapenems, are already beginning to fail in large numbers....

Some of the most devastating bacteria get their antibiotic resistance by producing an enzyme known as New Delhi Metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM-1). It's this enzyme that the new research is targeting, by developing a molecule called a peptide-conjugated phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer (PPMO). This inhibits the bacteria's expression of NDM-1, essentially destroying its antibiotic resistance and allowing existing drugs to be effective once again.

"The significance of NDM-1 is that it is destroys carbapenems, so doctors have had to pull out an antibiotic, colistin, that hadn't been used in decades because it's toxic to the kidneys," Geller explains. "That is literally the last antibiotic that can be used on an NDM-1-expressing organism, and we now have bacteria that are completely resistant to all known antibiotics. But a PPMO can restore susceptibility to antibiotics that have already been approved, so we can get a PPMO approved and then go back and use these antibiotics that had become useless."...
 J Antimicrob Chemother (2016) dkw476.

Peptide-conjugated phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer (PPMO) restores carbapenem susceptibility to NDM-1-positive pathogens in vitro and in vivo

Erin K. Sully, et al.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to test the efficacy of an inhibitor of the New Delhi metallo-β- lactamase (NDM-1). Inhibiting expression of this type of antibiotic-resistance gene has the potential to restore antibiotic susceptibility in all bacteria carrying the gene.

Methods: We have constructed a peptide-conjugated phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer (PPMO) that selectively inhibits the expression of NDM-1 and examined its ability to restore susceptibility to meropenem in vitro and in vivo.

Results:In vitro, the PPMO reduced the MIC of meropenem for three different genera of pathogens that express NDM-1. In a murine model of lethal E. coli sepsis, the PPMO improved survival (92%) and reduced systemic bacterial burden when given concomitantly with meropenem.

Conclusions: These data show that a PPMO can restore antibiotic susceptibility in vitro and in vivo and that the combination of PPMO and meropenem may have therapeutic potential against certain class B carbapenem-resistant infections in multiple genera of Gram-negative pathogens.

Stanford scientists give new life to Thomas Edison's nickel-iron battery

Brian Dodson

A green, rechargeable battery that is suitable for powering electric vehicles and stationary power storage applications, and that would survive tens of thousands of charge cycles in a useful life of 100 years without loss of capacity. What could be a better innovation for our times? Such a battery has been developed, and recently improved by Stanford researchers. Oh, one other thing. The battery was invented by Thomas Edison in 1901.

...Lead-acid batteries were used to store electricity in most electric cars until about 1900, when alternate batteries with competitive energy storage, power capacity, and cost began to be developed.

Arguably the most popular of these alternate batteries was Thomas Edison's nickel-iron battery. The strong points of the nickel-iron battery included a virtually unlimited useful life, a physical and chemical makeup enormously resistant to abuse, and a 42 percent increase in energy density. The weak points included higher cost as well as low voltage, power density, and charge rate. In combination, these weaknesses meant that a bank of nickel-iron batteries had about double the weight and volume as a set of lead-acid batteries of equal performance. The extra cost for a set of nickel-iron batteries for an electric car was US$600 - some $10,000 in current dollars.

The competing batteries both held strong positions in the market until the gasoline engine improved to the point of clear superiority over electric cars. Then small lead-acid batteries won out as power sources for starting internal combustion engines, and nickel-iron batteries retained only a small position, mostly in stationary applications.

Pictorial of the charge and discharge chemistry of the nickel-iron battery

The nickel-iron battery uses an electrolyte of potassium or sodium hydroxide and contains no lead or other heavy metals. It is therefore without risk of acid spills and its construction and disposal are largely without significant environmental damage. The density of the electrolyte does not change with the level of charge, as the electrolyte remains unchanged by the operation of the battery. The battery chemistry in a nickel-iron battery, during both charging and discharging, acts to transfer oxygen from one electrode to the other. This type of cell is sometimes called an oxygenlift cell, with the voltage generated by a change in oxidization potential between the electrodes.

A group of researchers at Stanford has significantly improved the performance of nickel-iron batteries, which may lead to new applications for this venerable battery. The Stanford team has created an ultrafast nickel-iron battery that can be fully charged in about two minutes and discharged in less than 30 seconds, making the new batteries ideal to supplement slow-charging lithium-ion batteries in regenerative braking.

To improve the performance of the nickel-iron battery, the Stanford team grew nanocrystals of iron oxide onto graphene sheets and nanocrystals of nickel hydroxide onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes.

By doing so, they produced strong chemical bonding between the metal-containing nanocrystallites and the carbon nanostructures. The coupling of the carbon gives a low resistance pathway for electrical charges to move between the nanocrystallites (where the charging and discharging activity is taking place) and a device being powered by the battery.

Stanford's Professor Dai says, "the result is an ultrafast version of the nickel-iron battery that's capable of charging and discharging in seconds." Unlike lead-acid or lithium-ion batteries, nickel-iron batteries will neither explode nor catch fire at high charging/discharging rates.
Nature Communications 3, Article number: 917 (2012)

An ultrafast nickel–iron battery from strongly coupled inorganic nanoparticle/nanocarbon hybrid

Hailiang Wang, Yongye Liang, Ming Gong, Yanguang Li, Wesley Chang, Tyler Mefford, Jigang Zhou, Jian
Wang, Tom Regier, Fei Wei & Hongjie Dai


Ultrafast rechargeable batteries made from low-cost and abundant electrode materials operating in safe aqueous electrolytes could be attractive for electrochemical energy storage. If both high specific power and energy are achieved, such batteries would be useful for power quality applications such as to assist propelling electric vehicles that require fast acceleration and intense braking.

Here we develop a new type of Ni–Fe battery by employing novel inorganic nanoparticle/graphitic nanocarbon (carbon nanotubes and graphene) hybrid materials as electrode materials. We successfully increase the charging and discharging rates by nearly 1,000-fold over traditional Ni–Fe batteries while attaining high energy density. The ultrafast Ni–Fe battery can be charged in ~2 min and discharged within 30 s to deliver a specific energy of 120 Wh kg−1 and a specific power of 15 kW kg−1. These features suggest a new generation of Ni–Fe batteries as novel devices for electrochemical energy storage.


Inventor(s):     DAI HONGJIE, et al.

Aspects of the present disclosure are directed to electrodes and implementations such as batteries.

As may be implemented in accordance with one or more embodiments, an apparatus includes a nanocarbon substrate having at least one of graphene and carbon nanotubes, and a hybrid electrode including a cobalt oxide/carbon nanotube (CoO/CNT) catalyst and a Ni—Fe-layered double hydride (LDH) catalyst.

The catalysts and substrate facilitate transfer of charge carriers. Various aspects are directed to a battery type device having an anode and a single or split cathode with the respective catalysts on the cathode to facilitate oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution reactions for discharging and charging the battery type device.

 Water instead of gasoline: Bosch innovation reduces fuel consumption by up to 13 percent

Did you know that even advanced gasoline engines waste roughly a fifth of their fuel? Especially at high engine speeds, some of the gasoline is used for cooling instead of for propulsion. With its new water injection, Bosch shows that it does not have to be that way. Particularly when accelerating quickly or driving on the freeway, the injection of additional water makes it possible to reduce fuel consumption by up to 13 percent. “With our water injection, we show that the combustion engine still has some tricks up its sleeve,” says Dr. Rolf Bulander, chairman of the Bosch Mobility Solutions business sector and member of the board of management of Robert Bosch GmbH. The fuel economy offered
by this Bosch technology comes especially to the fore in three- and four-cylinder downsized engines: in other words, in precisely the kind of engines to be found under the hood of any average midsize car.

Extra boost for the turbocharged engine

But it is not only in the area of fuel economy that the Bosch innovation comes into play. It can make cars more powerful as well. “Water injection can deliver an extra kick in any turbocharged engine,” says Stefan Seiberth, president of the Gasoline Systems division at Bosch. Earlier ignition angles mean that the engine is operated even more efficiently. On this basis, engineers can coax additional power out of the engine, even in powerful sports cars.

The basis of this innovative engine technology is a simple fact: an engine must not be allowed to overheat. To stop this happening, additional fuel is injected into nearly every gasoline engine on today’s roads. This fuel evaporates, cooling parts of the engine block. With water injection, Bosch engineers have exploited this physical principle. Before the fuel ignites, a fine mist of water is injected into the intake duct. Water’s high heat of vaporization means that it provides effective cooling.

This is also the reason only a small additional volume of water is needed: for every one hundred kilometers driven, only a few hundred milliliters are necessary. As a result, the compact water tank that supplies the injection system with distilled water only has to be refilled every few thousand kilometers at the most.

And if the tank should run empty, there is nothing to worry about: the engine will still run smoothly – albeit without the higher torque and lower consumption provided by water injection.

Additional questions and answers

Is this technology already in production?

The BMW M4 GTS is the first production vehicle to feature an innovative and groundbreaking water injection system. In the vehicle’s turbocharged six-cylinder engine, it offers improved performance and consumption even at full load. Bosch supplies water injection parts for the BMW M4 GTS.

How high is fuel consumption in the driving cycle?

In the future consumption test (WLTC), water injection makes it possible to save up to 4 percent fuel. In real driving conditions, even more is possible: here, fuel consumption can be reduced by up to 13 percent when accelerating quickly or driving on the freeway.

Doesn’t water injection cause the engine to rust?

No. No water is left in the combustion chamber. The water evaporates before combustion happens in the engine. All the water is expelled into the environ-ment, together with the exhaust.

How is water refilled?

Water injection only requires a small amount of water to be kept on board. On average, it only has to be refilled every 3,000 kilometers. The separate water tank has to be filled with distilled water.

Can the water in the tank freeze?

When the engine is stopped, the water flows back into its tank, where it may freeze. Following engine restart, the water thaws again.

Is there such a thing as direct water injection?

Bosch uses a port injection system, since it has clear technical advantages and costs less. This makes water injection suitable for large-scale production, as well as for many vehicle segments.

New engine performance due to hydropower

Good news: with Bosch WaterBoost, the combustion engine is once again ready to overtake and has its best days ahead. The secret of its success is a tuning formula with demineralized water, which boosts power generation, lowers fuel consumption, and minimizes concerns about CO2 emissions. So if you soon come across a turbocharged gasoline direct-injection engine, which despite concerted downsizing can keep the competition in its performance class on its toes even at high engine speeds, you'll know what's driving it: Bosch WaterBoost. From the world of motorsport. For more fun to drive.

up to 5% greater engine performance without increasing engine displacement or boost pressure
up to 13% less fuel consumption at higher accleration or long motorway journeys
up to 4% less CO2 emitted in the WLTC*
*Worldwide harmonized Light-duty Test Cycle

Due to Bosch's WaterBoost complete system – the only one of its kind in the world – the gasoline-driven powertrain is well on its way to redefining itself. When a direct-injection engine with little displacement but high levels of turbocharging is pushing its limits, bringing H2O into the mix of elements immediately pushes performance boundaries upward. The water actively cools the air-fuel mixture in the combustion chamber, thus reducing knocking that harms the engine, allowing earlier ignition, and ultimately resulting in increased engine performance. The higher compression ratio in the engine also leads to a CO2 reduction of up to 4% in WLTC. Overall, the combustion process takes place at a better temperature and therefore in a more controlled fashion. Ignition happens sooner and the earlier center of heat release leads to a better level of efficiency. Benefits that we make available for gasoline engines with water injection. More than anything else, we believe "Invented for life" means enriching everyday driving with genuinely tangible improvements.

Fundamental for improved fuel efficiency
The benefits of turbo air cooling

It's an exciting challenge: as soon as the really fun driving starts, even the strongest engine breaks into a figurative sweat and responds with an increasing thirst for fuel. In these high-load situations, a welcome dose of refreshment is just the thing: a microfine spray from Bosch WaterBoost. Sprayed directly into the intake port, the fine mist of water droplets cools the hot combustion air down to a tolerable level.

Successful WaterBoost effect: even at high engine speeds, the engine doesn't get "out of breath," since it receives the explosive air-fuel mixture sooner. And yet the result is not uncontrolled misfiring. That's because targeted use of water also protects the components in the powertrain interior. Incidentally, filling an additional tank with just 5 liters of the demineralized water lasts around 3,000 km. And even if the water runs dry from time to time, there's no effect on how the vehicle operates.

Water provides more oxygen
Advantages of improving engine performance

Horsepower is only truly powerful when it has enough room and air to give its driving force free rein. Whether or not turbocharging really gives direct-injection gasoline engines that extra kick forward is therefore decided in the highly compressed confines of the combustion chamber. Add in the fact that increasingly strict emissions guidelines of the past few years have not produced larger engine displacement; in fact, despite the rising overall demand for performance, it has actually gotten smaller.

If the horses under the hood are reined in more and more tightly, allowing them to "breathe" properly becomes even more important. That's why Bosch boosts oxygen saturation by cooling off the incoming charge air using water injection in the combustion chamber. The results are gratifying: driving is noticeably more dynamic and enjoyable and the engine freely shifts into gear for top performance. Up to 5% more horsepower with the same boost pressure and displacement? The proven technology makes this a thoroughly credible promise.

Inventor: OBERGFAELL SIMON, et al.



Lightweight metal foam turns armor-piercing bullets into dust

Nick Lavars

...Afsaneh Rabiei, a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at North Carolina State University, last year produced a foam metal shield that could block X-rays, various forms of gamma rays and neutron radiation, giving it potential as a lightweight alternative to the bulky radiation shielding currently available.

Building on this previous work, Rabiei then set about building high-strength armor. The shield was comprised of boron carbide ceramics as the strike face, with composite metal foam (CMF) as the bullet kinetic energy absorber layer and Kevlar panels as backplates. To test its durability, Rabiei and her team took aim with a 7.62 x 63 mm M2 armor-piercing projectile, which was fired in line with the standard testing procedures established by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ).

"We could stop the bullet at a total thickness of less than an inch, while the indentation on the back was less than 8 mm," Rabiei says. "To put that in context, the NIJ standard allows up to 44 mm (1.73 in) indentation in the back of an armor."..

Ballistic performance of composite metal foams

Matias Garcia-Avilaa, Marc Portanovab, Afsaneh Rabieia


The application of advance materials to manufacture hard armor systems has led to high performance ballistic protection. Due to its light-weight and high impact energy absorption capabilities, composite metal foams have shown good potential for applications as ballistic armor. A high-performance light-weight composite armor system has been manufactured using boron carbide ceramics as the strike face, composite metal foam processed by powder metallurgy technique as a bullet kinetic energy absorber interlayer, and aluminum 7075 or Kevlar™ panels as backplates with a total armor thickness less than 25 mm. The ballistic tolerance of this novel composite armor system has been evaluated against the 7.62 × 51 mm M80 and 7.62 × 63 mm M2 armor piercing projectiles according to U.S. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) standard 0101.06. The results showed that composite metal foams absorbed approximately 60–70% of the total kinetic energy of the projectile effectively and stopped both types of projectiles with less depth of penetration and backplate deformation than that specified in the NIJ 0101.06 standard guidelines. Finite element analysis was performed using Abaqus/Explicit to study the failure mechanisms and energy absorption of the armor system. The results showed close agreement between experimental and analytical results.





Functionally graded biocompatible coating and coated implant

Revved-up carbon purifies radioactive water

by Ben Coxworth

After the Fukushima nuclear plant accident occurred, hundreds of millions of gallons of radioactive water was left over. That water is still being stored, as no one knows quite what to do with it.

Scientists from Texas' Rice University and Russia's Kazan Federal University, however, may have an answer. They've developed a type of carbon that can reportedly filter radionuclides from water.

Known as oxidatively modified carbon (OMC), the material is made by treating existing carbon particles with oxidizing chemicals in order to increase their surface area and add oxygen molecules to their structure. Actually, two inexpensive types of carbon are used, due to their porous nature.

One is called C-seal F, and it's already used in the oil industry as an ingredient in drilling fluids. The other, shungite, occurs naturally – mainly in Russia.

In lab tests, OMC has reportedly been highly effective at absorbing radioactive metal cations such as cesium and strontium from contaminated water. These are two of the main elements that were released into the environment when the Fukushima plant melted down. It can also trap elements that enter waterways during oil extraction, including uranium, thorium and radium.

According to the scientists, water could simply be run through OMC filters in a single pass, going straight into the ocean. The used filters would then have to been incinerated, leaving a relatively small amount of radioactive ash to be contained.

The research is being led by Rice chemist James Tour and Kazan research professor Ayrat Dimiev. It's described in a paper recently published in the journal Carbon.

Tour has previously collaborated with scientists at Lomonosov Moscow State University, on a project that used flakes of graphene oxide to separate radioactive contaminants from water. While the graphene oxide was better at removing strontium, OMC excels at filtering out cesium, plus it's less expensive, easier to synthesize, and easier to fit into existing filtration systems.

Oxidatively modified carbon as efficient material for removing radionuclides from water

Artur Khannanova, et al.


There is a constant need to develop advantageous materials for removing radioactive waste from aqueous systems. Here we propose a new carbon-based material prepared by oxidative treatment of various natural carbon sources. The as-prepared oxidatively modified carbon (OMC) has an oxygen-rich surface, and retains its particulate granular texture. It has relatively low cost and can be used in traditional filtration columns. The sorption ability of OMC toward several metal cations is demonstrated. It is especially efficient toward Cs+ cations, the species that are among the most difficult to remove from the waters at the Fukushima nuclear plant.



In some embodiments, the present disclosure pertains to methods of capturing contaminants (i.e., radionuclides and metals) from a water source by applying an oxidatively modified carbon to the water source. This leads to the sorption of the contaminants in the water source to the oxidatively modified carbon. In some embodiments, the methods also include a step of separating the oxidatively modified carbon from the water source after the applying step. In some embodiments, the oxidatively modified carbon comprises an oxidized carbon source. In some embodiments, the carbon source is coal.

In some embodiments, the oxidatively modified carbon comprises oxidized coke. In some embodiments, the oxidatively modified carbon is in the form of free-standing, three dimensional and porous particles. Further embodiments of the present disclosure pertain to materials for capturing contaminants from a water source, where the materials comprise the aforementioned oxidatively modified carbons.


DOI: 10.1126/science.aah6752

TZAP: A telomere-associated protein involved in telomere length control

Julia Su Zhou Li, et al.


Telomeres are found at the end of chromosomes and are important for chromosome stability. Here, we describe a specific telomere-associated protein: TZAP (Telomeric Zinc finger-Associated Protein). TZAP binds preferentially to long telomeres that have a low concentration of shelterin complex, competing with the telomeric repeat binding factors TRF1 and TRF2. When localized at telomeres, TZAP triggers “telomere trimming,” a process that results in the rapid deletion of telomeric repeats.

Based on these results, we propose a model for telomere length regulation in mammalian cells: The reduced concentration of the shelterin complex at long telomeres results in TZAP binding and initiation of telomere trimming. Binding of TZAP to long telomeres represents the switch that triggers telomere trimming, setting the upper limit of telomere length

Methods for modulating telomerase activity
Inventor(s): CHOO YEN, et al.
Disclosed herein are engineered zinc finger proteins which bind to telomeric structures; methods for their design, synthesis and use; and cells comprising a telomere-binding zinc finger protein. Methods for modulating telomerase activity using telomere-binding zinc finger proteins are also provided.

U.S. Patent Awarded to Design and 3D Print Rocket Fuel for Safe, Affordable, High-Performance Rocket Engines

Rocket Crafters, Inc. (RCI) announced today a U.S. patent was granted to co-founder, President & CTO

Ronald Jones for a method for designing and fabricating flawless, high-performance, safer handling fuel grains for hybrid rocket engines using additive manufacturing technology (also known as 3D printing) which will allow the fabrication of an inherently safe and less expensive launch vehicle with only two moving parts. Jones stated that 3D printing of the rocket combustion chamber allows RCI’s expendable motors to deliver small satellites to orbits at as low as half current launch costs...

The patented method (US 9,453,479) uses a design and fabrication technique that is only possible using advanced 3D printing technology to boost rocket engine performance while eliminating the historical inconsistencies and sources of excessive vibration that have plagued traditionally designed hybrid rockets for decades.  His patented method takes advantage of 3D printing’s unique ability to precisely fabricate fuel grains (a tubular shaped structure that dually serves as the rocket’s solid fuel source and combustion chamber) which features internal geometric patterns designed to significantly increase the amount of fuel that is available for combustion on a second-by-second basis during the rocket engine’s operation...

Solid fuel grain for a hybrid propulsion system of a rocket and method for manufacturing same
Inventor: JONES RONALD D [US]    

A solid fuel grain suitable for use in hybrid propulsion systems has a generally cylindrical shape and defines a center port. The solid fuel grain is formed as a series of concentric layers arrayed around the center port. When incorporated into a rocket, an oxidizer is introduced into the solid fuel grain along a pathway defined by the center port, with combustion occurring along the exposed surface area of the solid fuel grain section adjacent to the center port. Each concentric layer has a surface pattern that serves to increase the surface area for combustion, a surface pattern that persists even as the fuel burns. To achieve such a construction, the concentric layers of the solid fuel grain are preferably manufactured using any one of several available freeform-fabrication machines capable of fabricating articles in a polymeric material suitable for a hybrid propulsion system.

Pesticide alternative helps plants protect themselves from disease

Lisa-Ann Lee

...Scientists have been experimenting with alternatives to conventional pesticides and thanks to a newly developed gene-silencing technique, farmers might be able to strengthen their crops' defense systems without any potential gene-altering fallout.

The study, led by agricultural biotechnologist Neena Mitter at the University of Queensland (UQ), involves the development of BioClay, a spray that makes use of microscopic sheets of clay that contain double-stranded RNA (ribonucleic acid). This is released when a plant is threatened, triggering a process known as RNA interference (RNAi), a natural process that leads to the plant silencing the genes of the harmful virus. What makes this so fascinating is that this plant defense system is highly adaptive. Its responses are not one-size-fits-all but tailored to counter each virus that enters its system based on the information it receives from the latter's genome...

"Once BioClay is applied, the plant 'thinks' it is being attacked by a disease or pest insect and responds by protecting itself from the targeted pest or disease," explains Mitter. "A single spray of BioClay protects the plant and then degrades, reducing the risk to the environment or human health."

Clay nanosheets for topical delivery of RNAi for sustained protection against plant viruses

Neena Mitter, et al.


Topical application of pathogen-specific double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) for virus resistance in plants represents an attractive alternative to transgenic RNA interference (RNAi). However, the instability of naked dsRNA sprayed on plants has been a major challenge towards its practical application. We demonstrate that dsRNA can be loaded on designer, non-toxic, degradable, layered double hydroxide (LDH) clay nanosheets. Once loaded on LDH, the dsRNA does not wash off, shows sustained release and can be detected on sprayed leaves even 30 days after application. We provide evidence for the degradation of LDH, dsRNA uptake in plant cells and silencing of homologous RNA on topical application. Significantly, a single spray of dsRNA loaded on LDH (BioClay) afforded virus protection for at least 20 days when challenged on sprayed and newly emerged unsprayed leaves. This innovation translates nanotechnology developed for delivery of RNAi for human therapeutics to use in crop protection as an environmentally sustainable and easy to adopt topical spray.


Inventor: MITTER NEENA, et al.

Aspects of the present invention relate to a plant-protecting RN Ai composition comprising plant-protecting double-stranded RNA adsorbed onto Layered Double Hydroxide (LDH) particles, and to methods for protecting a plant comprising the step of administering to a plant an RNAi composition comprising plant-protecting double-stranded RNA adsorbed onto LDH particles.

Chemicals in ubiquitous Mediterranean plants may hold key to delaying neurodegenerative diseases,
study suggests

Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease are classic age-related disorders characterised by the accumulation of sticky protein clumps that over time damage the nervous system to erode mobility or memory. The human suffering they cause, as well as the strain on healthcare, are enormous. But there is hope on the horizon. Chemicals extracted from the prickly pear and brown seaweed, two ubiquitous Mediterranean plants, have been elevated to possible drug candidates to combat the neurodegenerative disease, according to research by scientists from the University of Malta and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS/University of Bordeaux)...

On regular treatment with seaweed extract, the median lifespan of diseased flies was prolonged by two days. A greater four-day extension was observed when prickly pear extract was administered.

Considering that one day in the life of a fruit fly is equivalent to around one year in humans, the results are dramatic. Interestingly, the mobility of sick flies was improved by about 18% after treatment, highlighting a significant improvement...

Extracts from two ubiquitous Mediterranean plants ameliorate cellular and animal models of neurodegenerative proteinopathies

Michelle Briffaa, et al.

Extract of Padina pavonica (EPP) and Opuntia ficus-indica (EOFI) investigated.
EOFI or EPP improved viability of a yeast model of Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
EOFI or EPP treatment ameliorated lifespan and mobility defects in AD flies.
Survival of Parkinson’s disease but not wild-type flies is enhanced by EOFI or EPP.
Either extract mitigates toxicity of Amyloid-β and α-synuclein aggregates.


A signature feature of age-related neurodegenerative proteinopathies is the misfolding and aggregation of proteins, typically amyloid-β (Aβ) in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and α-synuclein (α-syn) in Parkinson’s disease (PD), into soluble oligomeric structures that are highly neurotoxic. Cellular and animal models that faithfully replicate the hallmark features of these disorders are being increasing exploited to identify disease-modifying compounds. Natural compounds have been identified as a useful source of bioactive molecules with promising neuroprotective capabilities. In the present report, we investigated whether extracts derived from two ubiquitous Mediterranean plants namely, the prickly pear Opuntia ficus-indica (EOFI) and the brown alga Padina pavonica (EPP) alleviate neurodegenerative phenotypes in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and fly (Drosophila melanogaster) models of AD and PD. Pre-treatment with EPP or EOFI in the culture medium significantly improved the viability of yeast expressing the Arctic Aβ42 (E22G) mutant. Supplementing food with EOFI or EPP dramatically ameliorated lifespan and behavioural signs of flies with brain-specific expression of wild-type Aβ42 (model of late-onset AD) or the Arctic Aβ42 variant (model of early-onset AD).

Additionally, we show that either extract prolonged the survival of a PD fly model based on transgenic expression of the human α-syn A53T mutant. Taken together, our findings suggest that the plant-derived extracts interfere with shared mechanisms of neurodegeneration in AD and PD. This notion is strengthened by evidence demonstrating that EOFI and to a greater extent EPP, while strongly inhibiting the fibrillogenesis of both Aβ42 and α-syn, accumulate remodelled oligomeric aggregates that are less effective at disrupting lipid membrane integrity. Our work therefore opens new avenues for developing therapeutic applications of these natural plant extracts in the treatment of amyloidogenic neurodegenerative disorders.


Natural tooth repair method, using Alzheimer's drug, could revolutionise dental treatments

A new method of stimulating the renewal of living stem cells in tooth pulp using an Alzheimer’s drug has been discovered by a team of researchers at King’s College London.

Following trauma or an infection, the inner, soft pulp of a tooth can become exposed and infected. In order to protect the tooth from infection, a thin band of dentine is naturally produced and this seals the tooth pulp, but it is insufficient to effectively repair large cavities. Currently dentists use man-made cements or fillings, such as calcium and silicon-based products, to treat these larger cavities and fill holes in teeth. This cement remains in the tooth and fails to disintegrate, meaning that the normal mineral level of the tooth is never completely restored.

However, in a paper published today in Scientific Reports, scientists from the Dental Institute at King’s College London have proven a way to stimulate the stem cells contained in the pulp of the tooth and generate new dentine – the mineralised material that protects the tooth - in large cavities, potentially reducing the need for fillings or cements.

The novel, biological approach could see teeth use their natural ability to repair large cavities rather than using cements or fillings, which are prone to infections and often need replacing a number of times. Indeed when fillings fail or infection occurs, dentists have to remove and fill an area that is larger than what is affected, and after multiple treatments the tooth may eventually need to be extracted. As this new method encourages natural tooth repair, it could eliminate all of these issues, providing a more natural solution for patients. 

Significantly, one of the small molecules used by the team to stimulate the renewal of the stem cells included Tideglusib, which has previously been used in clinical trials to treat neurological disorders including Alzheimer’s disease. This presents a real opportunity to fast-track the treatment into practice.

Using biodegradable collagen sponges to deliver the treatment, the team applied low doses of small molecule glycogen synthase kinase (GSK-3) inhibitors to the tooth. They found that the sponge degraded over time and that new dentine replaced it, leading to complete, natural repair. Collagen sponges are commercially-available and clinically-approved, again adding to the potential of the treatment’s swift pick-up and use in dental clinics.

Lead author of the study, Professor Paul Sharpe from King’s College London said: “The simplicity of our approach makes it ideal as a clinical dental product for the natural treatment of large cavities, by providing both pulp protection and restoring dentine.

“In addition, using a drug that has already been tested in clinical trials for Alzheimer’s disease provides a real opportunity to get this dental treatment quickly into clinics.”
Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 39654 (2017)

Promotion of natural tooth repair by small molecule GSK3 antagonists

Vitor C. M. Neves, Rebecca Babb, Dhivya Chandrasekaran & Paul T. Sharpe


The restoration of dentine lost in deep caries lesions in teeth is a routine and common treatment that involves the use of inorganic cements based on calcium or silicon-based mineral aggregates. Such cements remain in the tooth and fail to degrade and thus normal mineral volume is never completely restored. Here we describe a novel, biological approach to dentine restoration that stimulates the natural formation of reparative dentine via the mobilisation of resident stem cells in the tooth pulp. Biodegradable, clinically-approved collagen sponges are used to deliver low doses of small molecule glycogen synthase kinase (GSK-3) antagonists that promote the natural processes of reparative dentine formation to completely restore dentine. Since the carrier sponge is degraded over time, dentine replaces the degraded sponge leading to a complete, effective natural repair. This simple, rapid natural tooth repair process could thus potentially provide a new approach to clinical tooth restoration.

Researcher turns 'SARS mask' into a virus killer

Innovative improvement on surgical masks will make them effective by empowering them to kill viruses

A University of Alberta engineering researcher has developed a new way to treat common surgical masks so they are capable of trapping and killing airborne viruses. His research findings appear in the prestigious journal Scientific Reports, published by Nature Publishing Group.

Hyo-Jick Choi, a professor in the University of Alberta Department of Chemical and Materials

Engineering, noticed that many people wear a simple surgical-style mask for protection during outbreaks of influenza or other potentially deadly viruses such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) or Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).

Trouble is, the masks weren't designed to prevent the spread of viruses."Surgical masks were originally designed to protect the wearer from infectious droplets in clinical settings, but it doesn't help much to prevent the spread of respiratory diseases such as SARS or MERS or influenza," says Choi.

Airborne pathogens like influenza are transmitted in aerosol droplets when we cough or sneeze. The masks may well trap the virus-laden droplets but the virus is still infectious on the mask. Merely handling the mask opens up new avenues for infection. Even respirators designed to protect individuals from viral aerosols have the same shortcoming--viruses trapped in respirators still pose risks for infection and transmission.

Masks capable of killing viruses would save lives, especially in an epidemic or pandemic situation. During the 2014-2015 season nearly 8,000 Canadians were hospitalized with the flu. That same year, deaths related to influenza in Canada reached an all-time high of nearly 600.

Knowing that the masks are inexpensive and commonly used, Choi and his research team went about exploring ways to improve the mask's filter. And this is where a problem he is struggling with in one field of research--the development of oral vaccines like a pill or a lozenge--became a solution in another area.

A major hurdle in the development of oral vaccines is that when liquid solutions dry, crystals form and destroy the virus used in vaccines, rendering the treatment useless. In a nifty bit of engineering judo, Choi flipped the problem on its head and turned crystallization into a bug buster, using it as a tool to kill active viruses.

Choi and his team developed a salt formulation and applied it to the filters, in the hope that salt crystals would "deactivate" the influenza virus.

The mechanics of simple chemistry make the treatment work. When an aerosol droplet carrying the influenza virus contacts the treated filter, the droplet absorbs salt on the filter. The virus is exposed to continually increasing concentrations of salt. As the droplet evaporates, the virus suffers fatal physical damage when the salt returns to its crystalized state.

While developing solid vaccines, Choi observed that sugar used for stabilizing the vaccine during the drying process crystalizes as it dries out. When crystals form, sharp edges and spikes take shape and they physically destroy the virus vaccine.

"We realized that we could use that to our advantage to improve surgical masks," said Choi.

In a series of experiments and tests at the University of Alberta and in the Department of Medical Zoology at the Kyung Hee University School of Medicine in Seoul, South Korea, the team arrived at a perfect treatment that improves the efficacy of the fibre filter inside the masks.

By using a safe substance (table salt) to improve an existing, approved product, Choi sees very few roadblocks to implementing the innovation.

The research was funded by the University of Alberta. Choi has been awarded a provisional patent for the development of virus deactivation systems based on the salt-crystallization mechanism.
Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 39956 (2017)

Universal and reusable virus deactivation system for respiratory protection

Fu-Shi Quan, Ilaria Rubino, Su-Hwa Lee, Brendan Koch & Hyo-Jick Choi


Aerosolized pathogens are a leading cause of respiratory infection and transmission. Currently used protective measures pose potential risk of primary/secondary infection and transmission. Here, we report the development of a universal, reusable virus deactivation system by functionalization of the main fibrous filtration unit of surgical mask with sodium chloride salt. The salt coating on the fiber surface dissolves upon exposure to virus aerosols and recrystallizes during drying, destroying the pathogens. When tested with tightly sealed sides, salt-coated filters showed remarkably higher filtration efficiency than conventional mask filtration layer, and 100% survival rate was observed in mice infected with virus penetrated through salt-coated filters. Viruses captured on salt-coated filters exhibited rapid infectivity loss compared to gradual decrease on bare filters. Salt-coated filters proved highly effective in deactivating influenza viruses regardless of subtypes and following storage in harsh environmental conditions. Our results can be applied in obtaining a broad-spectrum, airborne pathogen prevention device in preparation for epidemic and pandemic of respiratory diseases...

Bare and salt-coated filter samples preparation

The commercial surgical masks had a three-ply structure. The middle layer is the filter media, whereas the inner and outer layers provide support and protect the filter against wear and tear. The metal nose clips and elastic ear loops were removed and circular samples (radius: 3 cm) were cut from the masks. The PP filters (middle layer) were isolated by removing the inner and outer protective layers (bare filters, Filterbare). The coating solution was prepared by dissolving sodium chloride (NaCl; Sigma Aldrich, St. Louis, MO) in filtered DI water (0.22 μm pore size; Corning, Tewksbury, MA) under stirring at 400 rpm and 90 °C, followed by the addition of Tween 20 (Fisher Scientific) to a final concentration of 29.03 w/v% of NaCl and 1 v/v% of Tween 20. To obtain the salt-coated filters, the mask bare PP filters were pre-wet to contain approximately 600 μL of coating solution by incubating overnight at room temperature. Any remaining dry areas were removed by applying gentle strokes with tweezers to the filters while immersed in the coating solution. Subsequently, the filters were deposited in the desired volume of coating solution (0, 100, 300, 600, 900 and 1200 μL, of which corresponding membranes are abbreviated as Filterwet, Filterwet+100μL, Filterwet+300μL, Filterwet+600μL, Filterwet+900μL, and Filterwet+1200μL, respectively) on petri dishes (60 × 15 mm; Fisher Scientific) to control the amount of NaCl per unit area and dried in an oven (Isotemp Incubator, Fisher Scientific) at 37 °C for 1 day....



The invention concerns the deactivation of HIV and other viruses which have a high chemical affinity with multivalent heavy metal. The virus proteins are cationized and made into virucides and their chemically-active amino or carboxyl groups react with a monovalent cation of the first main group of  the "periodic system" that is higher in the electrochemical series. The chemically-bonded heavy metals are converted into a heavy solution through chemical reactions, preferably into a "chelate complex". The use of given concentrations of a monovalent metal cation in the form of a carbonate or hydroxide makes possible the cationization of virus proteins and the deactivation of viruses as well as the suppression of the immobilization of the virus spikes from the heavy metals chemically bonded to them. Thus there is the basis for the healing of virus infections of various kinds and the requirement for the preparation of corresponding vaccinal substances is created.

Laser therapy blasts early-stage prostate cancer without killing patient's mojo

...Researchers in the UK have announced a new laser therapy treatment that can kill tumor cells without inflicting collateral damage on healthy tissue or the patient's lifestyle.

Called Vascular-Targeted Photodynamic therapy (VTP), the new treatment is administered by injecting a light-sensitive drug, called WST11, into the bloodstream via fiber lasers that are inserted into the prostate gland. The laser then activates the drug to destroy the tumor tissue. Interestingly, WST11 is derived from deep-sea bacteria that have evolved a mechanism to survive in the dark by efficiently converting whatever little light it can get into energy. Researchers were able to develop a compound that releases free radicals to kill cancer cells when activated by laser using this property...

Padeliporfin vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy versus active surveillance in men with low-risk
prostate cancer

Prof Abdel-Rahmène Azzouzi, et al.


Padeliporfin vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy is a safe, effective treatment for low-risk, localised prostate cancer. This treatment might allow more men to consider a tissue-preserving approach and defer or avoid radical therapy.

Ebola vaccine proves 100 percent effective in final trials

Nick Lavars

If there is to be a silver lining in the massive Ebola outbreak to recently sweep through West Africa, it is the progress being made toward developing an effective vaccine. The World Health Organization (WHO) last year reported some very promising signs during the early stages of a trial involving a vaccine called rVSV-ZEBOV, and now the final results are in, confirming the previously seen 100 percent protection rate from the deadly disease...

Efficacy and effectiveness of an rVSV-vectored vaccine in preventing Ebola virus disease...

Dr Ana Maria Henao-Restrepo, et al.


The results add weight to the interim assessment that rVSV-ZEBOV offers substantial protection against Ebola virus disease, with no cases among vaccinated individuals from day 10 after vaccination in both randomised and non-randomised clusters.

Scientists identify unique "breathprint" of 17 diseases

Lisa-Ann Lee

A team of international researchers recently unveiled a nano array that can identify the chemical signatures of 17 different diseases, possibly bringing us closer to the day when doctors might be able to use a medical tricorder a la Star Trek to instantly diagnose a patient's conditions...

"Just as each of us has a unique fingerprint that distinguishes us from others, each disease has a chemical signature that distinguishes it from other diseases and from a normal state of health," explains lead researcher Hossam Haick, an Israeli nanotech expert whose name is synonymous with disease-detecting sensors. "These odor signatures are what enables us to identify the diseases using the technology that we developed."

Diagnosis and Classification of 17 Diseases from 1404 Subjects via Pattern Analysis of Exhaled

Morad K. Nakhleh, et al.

We report on an artificially intelligent nanoarray based on molecularly modified gold nanoparticles and a random network of single-walled carbon nanotubes for noninvasive diagnosis and classification of a number of diseases from exhaled breath. The performance of this artificially intelligent nanoarray was clinically assessed on breath samples collected from 1404 subjects having one of 17 different disease conditions included in the study or having no evidence of any disease (healthy controls). Blind experiments showed that 86% accuracy could be achieved with the artificially intelligent nanoarray, allowing both detection and discrimination between the different disease conditions examined. Analysis of the artificially intelligent nanoarray also showed that each disease has its own unique breathprint, and that the presence of one disease would not screen out others.

Cluster analysis showed a reasonable classification power of diseases from the same categories. The effect of confounding clinical and environmental factors on the performance of the nanoarray did not significantly alter the obtained results. The diagnosis and classification power of the nanoarray was also validated by an independent analytical technique, i.e., gas chromatography linked with mass spectrometry. This analysis found that 13 exhaled chemical species, called volatile organic compounds, are associated with certain diseases, and the composition of this assembly of volatile organic compounds differs from one disease to another. Overall, these findings could contribute to one of the most important criteria for successful health intervention in the modern era, viz. easy-to-use, inexpensive (affordable), and miniaturized tools that could also be used for personalized screening, diagnosis, and follow-up of a number of diseases, which can clearly be extended by further development.

UPC researchers, in collaboration with the companies COMSA and GMN, create a new material from textile fibres of old tyres

Lluís Gil and Xavier Cañavate, researchers and professors at the Terrassa School of Industrial, Aerospace and Audiovisual Engineering (ESEIAAT) of the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), in collaboration with the companies COMSA and Gestión Medioambiental de Neumáticos (GMN), have created a new material from textile fibres of used tyres. This product incorporates a tyre component that was previously not reused.

Vehicle tyres are essentially made of three materials: latex, fabric and steel fibres. The only thing that could not be reused up to now was the fabric, which ended up in landfills or incinerators.

Lluís Gil, of the Laboratory for Technological Innovation in Structures and Materials (LITEM), and Xavier Cañavate, of the POLQUITEX research group, both on the UPC's Terrassa Campus, in collaboration with the companies COMSA and GMN, have developed a new textile material from disused tires. ProfessorTeresa Vidal, of the UPC's Paper Engineering Research Group (CELBIOTECH), also participated in the project.

Recycling and competitiveness

One of the strengths of the project is that it adapts the final product to customer requirements and supplies it in the form of sacks or panels. After several tests, the key to obtaining the new material was the combination of three components: fibres, recycled paper pulp and white glue. The new material has proven to be very effective in the construction sector and for railway projects because it is a good insulator.

According to Lluís Gil, “this new material is technically equivalent to the rock wool and glass wool materials previously used for thermal and acoustic insulation of buildings, but it is cheaper”.

Xavier Cañavate says “our material can reuse millions of tons of fibres that were previously sent to landfills at the end of the tyres' life, thus saving energy and CO2 emissions. It also incorporates recycled paper pulp, which is very difficult to reuse”.

The new material was created thanks to the participation of the companies COMSA and GMN and funding of €130,000 from the INNPACTO programme of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. In addition, the project has generated eight bachelor's theses and a master's thesis.
DOI: 10.1098/rsfs.2016.0092

Bioinspired morphing wings for extended flight envelope and roll control of small drones

M. Di Luca, S. Mintchev, G. Heitz, F. Noca, D. Floreano


Small-winged drones can face highly varied aerodynamic requirements, such as high manoeuvrability for flight among obstacles and high wind resistance for constant ground speed against strong headwinds that cannot all be optimally addressed by a single aerodynamic profile. Several bird species solve this problem by changing the shape of their wings to adapt to the different aerodynamic requirements.

Here, we describe a novel morphing wing design composed of artificial feathers that can rapidly modify its geometry to fulfil different aerodynamic requirements. We show that a fully deployed configuration enhances manoeuvrability while a folded configuration offers low drag at high speeds and is beneficial in strong headwinds. We also show that asymmetric folding of the wings can be used for roll control of the drone. The aerodynamic performance of the morphing wing is characterized in simulations, in wind tunnel measurements and validated in outdoor flights with a small drone.
December 12, 2016

Sawdust reinvented into super sponge for oil spills

Environmentally friendly material tweaked to soak up to 5 times its weight in oil, float 4 months in icy, rough waters

Frances White, PNNL, (509) 375-6904

 Lowly sawdust, the sawmill waste that's sometimes tossed onto home garage floors to soak up oil spilled by amateur mechanics, could receive some new-found respect thanks to science.

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have chemically modified sawdust to make it exceptionally oil-attracting and buoyant, characteristics that are ideal for cleaning oil spills in the icy, turbulent waters of the Arctic. The nontoxic material absorbs up to five times its weight in oil and stays afloat for at least four months.

"Most of today's oil remediation materials are designed for warm water use," said PNNL microbiologist George Bonheyo, who leads the modified sawdust's development from PNNL's Marine Sciences Laboratory.

"But as ice retreats in the Arctic Sea, fossil fuel developers are looking north, and we need new oil spill response methods that perform well in extreme conditions," added Bonheyo, who also holds a joint appointment in bioengineering with Washington State University.

"The chance of an oil spill in the Arctic is real," said fellow PNNL microbiologist Robert Jeters, who is also part of the project. "We hope materials like our modified sawdust can help if an accident happens."

Fire & ice

Containing oil spills in cold waters is especially tricky, as bobbing ice chunks push oil below the water's surface, making it difficult to collect. The same goes for rough waters, whose tall, clashing waves disperse oil.

The modified saw dust pulls double duty. Beyond absorbing oil, it also enhances another approach to combatting oil spills — controlled burns. If changing weather or tides move spilled oil toward a sensitive area fast, oil can be burned before it can cause further harm. Called in-situ burning, the practice can significantly reduce the amount of oil in water and minimize its adverse environmental effects.

Bonheyo and his team looked to develop an environmentally friendly and inexpensive material that floats despite rough or freezing waters and can support in-situ burning. Not wanting to create more pollution if emergency responders can't retrieve oil cleanup material, Bonheyo's team considered other natural ingredients like rice hulls and silica. But they ultimately found their winner in a fine dust called wood flour. A woodworking byproduct, wood flour is often used to make wood composites.

To turn the dust into a thirsty oil mop, researchers chemically attach components of vegetable oil onto the material's surface. These attachments make the modified material oil-grabbing and water-shunning. The final product is a light, fluffy, bleached powder. The team is also trying out adding tiny, oil-eating microbes — fungi and bacteria — to the powder's surface so any left-behind material could naturally break down oil over time.

Just a sprinkle

Applying the modified sawdust is simple: sprinkle a thin layer over oil on the water's surface. The material immediately starts soaking up oil, creating a concentrated and solid slick that stays afloat thanks to the material's buoyant nature. The oil-soaked material can either be burned or retrieved.

The team is using PNNL's unique Arctic simulation lab in Sequim, Washington to evaluate the material in icy waters. The facility is a customized shipping container that cools down to as low as 5 degrees Fahrenheit, which prompts researchers to don snowmobile suits and ski masks while they work. Ice slush forms on the surface of water that circulates inside a 290-gallon raceway pond placed inside the bitterly cold lab space. Oil is spilled on the slushy surface, followed by a sprinkle of modifiedsawdust. Tests have shown the material's water-repellent nature prevents ice from forming on it, allowing it to soak up oil and remain at the surface.

Researchers are also testing how well the material performs in controlled burns. They conducted initial burns this fall at the U.S. Coast Guard and Naval Research Laboratory's Joint Maritime Test Facility near Mobile, Alabama. Burn tests continue today at PNNL's Marine Science Laboratory. Early results indicate a small amount of material enables burning of both thin and thick layers of spilled oil.

In the coming months, PNNL will further evaluate the modified sawdust. The material will need additional testing and approval by multiple agencies before it can be used at actual oil spills.

PNNL is developing the material for the Department of Interior's Bureau of Safety of Environmental Enforcement. BSEE is the lead federal agency charged with improving safety and ensuring environmental protection related to the offshore energy industry, primarily oil and natural gas on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf.

The material's development team includes Bonheyo, Jeters, Yongsoon Shin, Jiyeon Park, Andrew Avila
and Maren Symes.

 "Pulling" bacteria out of blood


Magnets instead of antibiotics could provide a possible new treatment method for blood infection.

This involves the blood of patients being mixed with magnetic iron particles, which bind the bacteria to them after which they are removed from the blood using magnets. The initial laboratory tests at Empa in St. Gallen have been successful, and seem promising.

 Blood poisoning is still fatal in more than 50% of cases, but can be cured if treated at an early stage. The highest priority is therefore to act quickly. For this reason, doctors usually administer antibiotics even in the event of a suspicion of blood poisoning, without first ascertaining whether it is actually a bacterial sepsis, which in turn greatly increases the risk of resistance to antibiotics developing. It is therefore important to identify and develop a fast and effective therapy, if possible without the need to use antibiotics.

An antibody for everything

Empa researcher Inge Herrmann and her team are developing a solution in collaboration with modelling expert Marco Lattuada from the Adolphe Merkle Institute  and doctors from the Harvard Medical School.

The idea for the treatment is the magnetic purification of blood. The principle is, at least in theory, quite straightforward. Iron particles are coated with an antibody that detects and binds the harmful bacteria in the blood. As soon as the iron particles are attached to the bacteria, they are removed from the blood magnetically.

However, there is (still) a small catch: So far, it has only been possible to coat the iron particles with antibodies that recognise one type of bacteria – but many  different types of bacteria may be involved, depending on the species causing the blood poisoning. Using blood analysis, doctors must therefore first determine which bacteria is causing the poisoning before the appropriate antibodies can be used. "This blood analysis is time-consuming and time plays a vital role in the treatment of blood poisoning," explains Herrmann. This is also the reason for magnetic dialysis rarely having been used to date.

But a team at the Harvard Medical School led by Gerald Pier has now developed an antibody that can bind almost all the bacteria that can trigger blood poisoning - so if there is a suspicion of sepsis, the magnetic treatment could be started immediately, regardless of which pathogen is in the blood.
November 29, 2016

Patching a gap in wound care

A Wyss Institute team has engineered a method for directly bonding biocompatible chitosan materials to living tissues, which could be used to quickly patch life threatening wounds

Chitosan, a biomaterial derived from the chitin shells of crustaceans and insects, has already been developed by scientists at Harvard’s Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering into an environmentally-friendly and fully biodegradable substitute for plastic. It is only natural that the team, led by Wyss Institute Founding Director Donald Ingber, has also become interested in extending chitosan’s usefulness into the clinical realm.

“What’s good for the environment is also good for us,” said Javier Fernandez, who first developed a chitosan bioplastic called ‘Shrilk’  with Ingber back in 2014.

Now Ingber and Fernandez have unveiled a new study in the journal Tissue Engineering that demonstrates biodegradable chitosan bioplastics can be used to bond bodily tissues to repair wounds or even to hold implanted medical devices in place. As chitosan is already approved for clinical use and it has antimicrobial properties, the approach could one day be utilized to immediately seal tissue tears or other serious injuries, preventing infection from setting in before a patient can be moved to a hospital for more in-depth care.

“This work really spans the entire mission of the Wyss, as we have developed a biomaterial that could be used in sustainable consumer products and packaging or, as we now show, be adapted for clinical uses,” said Fernandez, Ph.D., the first author on the new study, who is a former Wyss Institute Postdoctoral Fellow and is currently an Assistant Professor at Singapore University of Technology and Design. “The material is non-toxic and biodegradable, leaving behind no trace once it has served its purpose.”

To adapt chitosan to seal wounds and surgical incisions, Ingber and Fernandez searched for a way to quickly and tightly bond chitosan materials to living tissues.  They zeroed in on transglutaminase (TG), a naturally occurring enzyme found in the body – where it keeps skin strong and strengthens blood clots – that has also been adopted to bond proteins together during commercial food processing.

“As we started thinking about going in vivo, we faced the challenge of how to adhere chitosan to living tissues,” said Ingber, M.D., Ph.D., who is senior author on the new study and in addition to directing the Wyss Institute is Judah Folkman Professor of Vascular Biology at Harvard Medical School and the Vascular Biology Program at Boston Children’s Hospital as well as Professor of Bioengineering at Harvard’s John A. Paulson School of Engineering an Applied Sciences. “We explored using different formulations of transglutaminase to bond various forms of chitosan materials, including sheets, foams and sprays, to many different types of tissues.”

A sheet of chitosan may be applied with a transglutaminase powder to patch wounds, as the team demonstrated using an ex vivo porcine intestine with a large hole in it. A pressure test revealed that the chitosan patch was even stronger than the native intestinal tissue.

For the spray, a stream of liquid chitosan and liquid transglutaminase combine during application to quickly bond chitosan to tissue and close wounds. The team used this approach to seal a porcine lung that had sustained a puncture wound while it was cyclically insufflated with air to mimic inspiration and expiration. The spray application could also be useful for covering large areas of vulnerable tissue, like might be found on someone whose skin had sustained serious burns.

To treat even larger and more traumatic wounds like those that might occur on the battlefield or during a motor vehicle accident, Ingber and Fernandez formulated a chitosan foam that could potentially be used to fill and seal larger wound cavities until a patient can be transported to a hospital for surgical intervention.

The team’s findings also suggest that their approach could be tailored to bond inorganic surfaces – which make up crucial components of many different kinds of biomedical implants and microfluidic devices – to tissue or chitosan.

“Right now our approach is very general, but we could theoretically take this concept and adapt it into almost any form imaginable for a broad number of possible uses,” said Fernandez.

Looking ahead, the team hopes to develop an array of specific applications through collaboration with clinical partners.

Additional co-authors on the study include Wyss Institute researchers Suneil Seetharam, Christopher Ding, and Edward Doherty.
Tissue Engineering Part A. December 2016

Direct Bonding of Chitosan Biomaterials to Tissues Using Transglutaminase for Surgical Repair or
Device Implantation

Fernandez Javier G., et al.


Natural biomaterials, such as chitosan and collagen, are useful for biomedical applications because they are biocompatible, mechanically robust, and biodegradable, but it is difficult to rapidly and tightly bond them to living tissues. In this study, we demonstrate that the microbial transglutaminase (mTG), can be used to rapidly (<5 min) bond chitosan and collagen biomaterials to the surfaces of hepatic, cardiac, and dermal tissues, as well as to functionalized polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) materials that are used in medical products. The mTG-bonded chitosan patches effectively sealed intestinal perforations, and a newly developed two-component mTG-bonded chitosan spray effectively repaired ruptures in a breathing lung when tested ex vivo. The mechanical strength of mTG-catalyzed chitosan adhesive bonds were comparable to those generated by commonly used surgical glues. These results suggest that mTG preparations may be broadly employed to bond various types of organic materials, including polysaccharides, proteins, and functionalized inorganic polymers to living tissues, which may open new avenues for biomedical engineering, medical device integration, and tissue repair.
29 November 2016

Tests on oil recycled from tyres finds a cleaner diesel blend

Old tyres can be completely recycled into lower emission diesel engine oil, instead of being dumped in dangerous, highly flammable stockpiles that become breeding grounds for malaria and dengue-carrying mosquitoes.

QUT mechanical engineers tested the oil extracted from old tyres in a process developed by Australian company Green Distillation Tecnologies (GDT).

QUT’s Professor Richard Brown and PhD student Farhad Hossain tested the oil’s emissions and output at QUT's Biofuel Engine Research Facility.

Professor Brown said that when the oil was blended with diesel it was found to produce a fuel with reduced emissions and no loss of engine performance.

“Globally, 1.5 billion tonnes of tyres are discarded each year. Australia, alone, will generate 55 million disused tyres a year by 2020," Professor Brown said.

“Getting rid of old tyres in an environment-friendly way is a universal nightmare.

“Stockpiles of used tyres around the world are a health hazard, as demonstrated by the recent Broadmeadows fire in Victoria, which was difficult to put out and generated huge amounts of toxic smoke.”

Mr Farhad said the QUT engineering team, including process engineer Dr Tom Rainey and air-quality expert Professor Zoran Ristovski, performed rigorous tests on the oil.

“We tested the oil which GDT produces from both recycled natural and synthetic rubber tyres in 10 per cent and 20 per cent diesel blends,” Mr Farhad said.

“We tested the tyre oil blends in a turbocharged, common rail, direct injection, six-cylinder engine in the Biofuel Engine Research Facility at QUT.

“The engine is typical of engine types used in the transport industry.

“Our experiments were performed with a constant speed and four different engine loads of 25, 50, 75 and 100 per cent of full load.

“We found a 30 per cent reduction in nitrogen oxide which contributes to photochemical smog, and lower particle mass which means fewer problems for emission treatment systems.”

GDT chief  operating officer Trevor Bayley said the oil could also be used as a heating fuel or further refined into automotive or aviation jet fuel.

“The process recycles end-of-life tyres into oil, carbon and steel, leaving nothing wasted and even uses some of the recovered oil as the heat source,” Mr Bayley said.

“Carbon is the most common recovered ingredient and the steel rim and framework is the third most common ingredient, while the oil is the most valuable.

“We are delighted at the findings of the QUT research as it will help us promote the sustainable use for end-of-life  tyres.

“The potential of this source of biofuel feedstock is immense, and it is more sustainable than other bio-oils from plants such as corn, or algae.

“A recycled 10kg car tyre yields 4 litres of oil, 1.5kg of steel and 4 kg of carbon,, and a 70kg truck tyre provides 28 litres of oil, 11kg of steel and 28kg of carbon.

“GDT plans to have the first fully operational commercial plant delivering eight million litres of oil a year from mid-2017, followed by a world-first mining tyre processing plant in either Qld or WA.”

Process and system for recovering energy from carbon-containing materials
Inventor: RANDALL DENIS A [AU]    

The invention provides processes and systems for generating heat from a carbon-containing material or converting a carbon-containing material to a combustible gaseous fuel, comprising (a) pyrolysing the material in a reactor to produce a carbon-enriched solid and a first gaseous product, (b) burning at least part of the first gaseous product and/or a second gaseous product obtained by reacting the carbon-enriched solid with water vapour to generate heat, and (c) returning combustion products from the burning step to the reactor and/or removing part of the first gaseous product and/or the second gaseous product as a combustible fuel.

Cleanly Recycled Tyres – A World Technology First

Green Distillation Technologies has achieved an Australian world technological breakthrough by effectively and profitably recycling end of life car and truck tyres (ELTs) into saleable commodities of oil, carbon and steel.

End of life car and truck tyres are a blight on the environment ever since they were invented over a century ago, because until now no means had been found to effectively and economically recycle them.

Grinding up old tyres to make crumbs or flakes is not a means of recycling tyres as the rubber has not been changed and there is a limit to how much of this material can be used for kindergarten playgrounds and soccer fields and using it as a furnace fuel in Asia creates noxious greenhouse damaging emissions.

As well as the environmental problem caused by dumps of old tyres or illegally discarding them in bushland and waterways, after rain they become a breeding ground for mosquitoes and a source of such dangerous diseases as Dengue and Ross River Fever.

However, using a technique known as destructive distillation, Green Distillation Technologies is able to convert this wasted resource and an environmental hazard into high demand valuable raw materials.The process is emission free and the recycled oil is used as the heat source for the production process.

The GDT Tyre Recycling Process – How It Works

Destructive Distillation is the name GDT gives to their tyre recycling process which is developed from basic chemistry, the genius of Technical Director Denis Randall and his thirty five years of study and experimentation into organic waste streams. As a result GDT has developed the knowledge of getting the chemical reaction to occur.

The process begins by loading whole end of life tyres into a process chamber, which is evacuated of air and sealed. In the initial steps no further processing of the tyres, such as chopping or crumbing is required.

Heat is applied, which acts as a catalyst for the chemical reaction, which sees the tyre destructed into different compounds, one of which is collected and condensed into ‘manufactured’ oil. At the end of the process and the chemical reaction is over, the carbon and steel can be extracted cooled and separated.
June 13, 2016
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Weird, water-oozing material could help quench thirst

Frances White

PNNL researchers saw for the first time a phenomenon that was theorized more than 20 years ago. Shown here is a PNNL illustration of the phenomenon, "solvent cavitation under solvo-phobic confinement," which PNNL researchers saw occur with carbon-rich nanorods they mistakenly created. PNNL's viewing of the phenomenon involved liquid spontaneously evaporating after being confined within tiny spaces in between touching nanorods.

RICHLAND, Wash. – After their nanorods were accidentally created when an experiment didn't go as planned, the researchers gave the microscopic, unplanned spawns of science a closer look.Chemist Satish Nune was inspecting the solid, carbon-rich nanorods with a vapor analysis instrument when he noticed the nanorods mysteriously lost weight as humidity increased. Thinking the instrument had malfunctioned, Nune and his colleagues moved on to another tool, a high-powered microscope.They jumped as they saw an unknown fluid unexpectedly appear between bunches of the tiny sticks and ooze out. Video recorded under the microscope is shaky at the beginning, as they quickly moved the view finder to capture the surprising event again.

The team at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory would go on to view the same phenomenon more than a dozen times. Immediately after expelling the fluid, the nanorods' weight decreased by about half, causing the researchers to scratch their heads even harder.

A paper published today in Nature Nanotechnology describes the physical processes behind this spectacle, which turned out to be the first experimental viewing of a phenomenon theorized 20-some years ago. The discovery could lead to a large range of real-world applications, including low-energy water harvesting and purification for the developing world, and fabric that automatically pulls sweat away from the body and releases it as a vapor.

Water epulsion in real time
Nature Nanotechnology 11, 791–797 (2016)

Anomalous water expulsion from carbon-based rods at high humidity

Satish K. Nune,    et al.


Three water adsorption–desorption mechanisms are common in inorganic materials: chemisorption, which can lead to the modification of the first coordination sphere; simple adsorption, which is reversible; and condensation, which is irreversible. Regardless of the sorption mechanism, all known materials exhibit an isotherm in which the quantity of water adsorbed increases with an increase in relative humidity. Here, we show that carbon-based rods can adsorb water at low humidity and spontaneously expel about half of the adsorbed water when the relative humidity exceeds a 50–80% threshold. The water expulsion is reversible, and is attributed to the interfacial forces between the confined rod surfaces. At wide rod spacings, a monolayer of water can form on the surface of the carbon-based rods, which subsequently leads to condensation in the confined space between adjacent rods. As the relative humidity increases, adjacent rods (confining surfaces) in the bundles are drawn closer together via capillary forces. At high relative humidity, and once the size of the confining surfaces has decreased to a critical length, a surface-induced evaporation phenomenon known as solvent cavitation occurs and water that had condensed inside the confined area is released as a vapour.


Inventor: NUNE SATISH, et al.

A method of making carbon-based nano-rods from switchable ionic liquids (SWIL) that incorporates the SWIL is disclosed. Resulting nano-rods provide adsorption and spontaneous desorption of water at selected relative humidity values that find use in selected applications and devices.

UPDATE 17 January

Body Language: NASA Planet X, Dr. Steven Greer, Corey Goode

Her conclusions:

- For the NASA panel, they exhibited "guarded" body language about the idea of a brown dwarf, but showed no signs of stress about any imminent threat, ie Planet X. So they literally knew of nothing to worry about.

- For Greer, she says he tries to make himself appear bigger and more important than he actually is, basically exhibiting narcissistic behavior. He has collected a lot of public information and then constructed additional stories around it. Her conclusion is to assume that he is just "telling you a story."

- For Corey Goode, she concludes that he seems to truly believe what he's saying based on his body language, but that this doesn't necessarily mean what he says is true. So he could be a MILAB or he could just be coo-coo for Coco Puffs. I know from personal experience that Goode is not above lying so I wonder if he's not been coached in some way considering the "career" he has chosen for himself.

Body Language: Alex Jones

The Smartest Man in the world -- Clif High Web bot

This is what Clif High predicted 5 Months ago:

-bitcoin will top $425 3 times before taking off.
-Bitcoin will slice through the $500's.
-Chinese flock to Bitcoin.
Nearly a month ago his predictions said the following:

-Bitcoin will begin to take off July.12th moving from a solid $688 to $1000 by the End of the Year.
-when it touches $1000 for the first time it will drop down to $900.
-When it slices through $1000, the trip to $2000 will be talked about regarding how fast it went.

Well, today - January 1st, 2017 we recorded $1000 Bitcoin. According to his predictions it will fall to $900 and than we will see $2000 Bitcoin in 2017. This recent video by Clif talks about $600 silver.

Clif High believes all humans are psychic but only a few realise it. All others unconsciously "leak" their psychic predictions out on Twitter, Facebook, Reddit and other places online through things they post. High's "web bot" crawls the internet for these psychic premonitions. That is what this post is based on.
Edit: For example, High predicts a major earthquake in continental American in 2017, based on internet chatter. Geologists, meanwhile, can barely predict earthquakes a few hours ahead of time.Never sell bitcoin until you don't need to sell it.

clif high wujo January 12, 2017

Clif High, Web bot Report | 2008 vs 2017/2018

Remote Viewing January 2017: Time-Cross Predictions

Jim Stone reports :

"Here's a message that spooked me:

The scum who run the NZ government use 1080 poison dropped from helicopters over huge tracts of wilderness with the stated aim of killing off all deer, as they are an introduced species, as well as possums. What happens is that they kill off the entire ecosystem. From a conservation viewpoint this makes absolutely no sense at all --- the only plausible reason is to eliminiate all wild sources of food. Why? So that when the rats flee to NZ the locals, the few who will not take kindly to their arrival, will have nothing to eat when they go bush into wilderness areas, and they risk death from eating and in some cases drinking from the 1080 poisoned ecosystem. If you think the 1080 will break down, it won't do for a long time under normal circumstances in the wilderness ... and anything that dies keeps on poisoning the ecosystem anyway.

Deer head for water when dying from 1080, the eels eat them and die, the freshwater crayfish eat the eels and die ... everything dies. Save the native birds you reckon? No, most die. NZ has been taken over by scum getting ready for the influx of their mates. Airfields have been built at taxpayer expense. And most NZers are too stupid now to understand, let alone do anything to stop this. (See youtube "poisoning paradise") And certain US administration personnel left immediately prior to the past 2 serious earthquakes. Paradise it was ... but now it is paradise lost. RIP NZ."

My response: 1080 poison is the classic fluoride poison that used to be used for rats in the U.S..."

The Coming Famine

By Jack Perry

...Russia has already eclipsed Saudi Arabia as the world’s biggest oil producer. This means the big Saudi oil fields are drying up. And the government knows that, but they can’t tell us this because it’ll create a panic. One would think this would motivate the United States to get cozier with Russia. However, what the United States government fears is that if we do that, Russia will twig to the motive for it, and realize it has the United States over a barrel. An oil barrel. At which point the price goes up. Not to mention extracting concessions in the global sphere of influence.

Thus, what the United States is playing at here is trying to install a different “regime” in Russia. That being, one that Vladimir Putin does not control or have any influence over. This is easier said than done and the United States knows this. But the stakes are quite a bit higher than controlling the dwindling oil supply in the Middle East. Russia is obviously in control of most of the world’s remaining oil reserves. The United States needs a puppet regime in Russia to have access to that oil without paying the correct market price for it...

..The truth is this: Our entire economic system is based on petroleum and low-cost petroleum at that. But the actual nightmare is that our entire agricultural system is based on cheap oil.

The United States diet, especially for average Americans, is based on only three crops: Corn, wheat, and soy. Every processed food you see is based on fractions of those three staples. Meat is fed those three staples, even the farm-raised salmon you see in the store. Without those three crops, the United States would undergo a famine not seen in the United States ever at any point. The United States cannot feed itself without those three crops. What’s more, many large parts of the world depend on those three crops exported from the United States to feed themselves, too. Therefore, without them, the famine would turn into a runaway famine of global proportions.

Those three crops require large inputs of oil to grow, maintain, fertilize, and harvest. The corn alone depletes the soil to the extent synthetic fertilizer made by the Haber Process is an absolute requirement. That synthetic fertilizer requires oil to produce. The tractors and combines to plant and harvest these crops run on oil. All the transportation involved runs on oil. People have been led to believe we’ve discovered domestic oil reserves that will give us self-sufficiency. Who’s telling us this? The oil companies who are in bed with the government. The fact is, if we have to rely on these reserves alone, they will need to be devoted to agriculture alone. Or we won’t eat...

...we better start thinking about the fact food is about to get a lot more expensive. The days of .99 cent super bags of corn chips are about to come to an end. Soon.

Keep in mind that the government heavily subsidizes those three crops as it is. Otherwise, food would be a LOT more expensive. Understand this: We are all on food stamps because the government subsidizes corn, wheat, and soy. If they did not, many people would not be able to afford food at all. What you see in the store is not the real and actual cost of that food. You’re seeing it after the government paid up to half (or more) of the cost to grow that corn, wheat, and soy. Including that which was fed to animals, we eat. Meaning, if you think beef is expensive at $6.99 a pound, the actual cost is $15.99 a pound if the government did not subsidize the corn fed to that cattle.

That can only take place because the oil is relatively cheap. Were the oil not cheap and the government still had to subsidize the food crops, the money will probably have to be diverted from Social Security, interstate highways, and the military budget. So you can see the corner the government has painted themselves into. They can’t afford to do nothing but they can’t afford to get into an actual war with Russia, either. However, the steps they are taking carry the very real seeds of a war, but the government is willing to risk that, gambling a certain future of food riots against the possibility of a war. It’s a lose-lose proposition, but the government and Wall Street are stubbornly refusing to own up to the truth. They have staked “growth” of the economy on the price of oil. We are in a suicide pact with them right now...

This is the “end game”. This is the future. There can be no other reason the United States is willing to risk war with Russia. Oil is always the reason the United States goes to war since the 1973 Arab Oil Embargo showed us how vulnerable we really are. But this time, we’ve got a “false prosperity” and millions of people born solely because of the cheap food brought to us by cheap oil. When that oil is gone, guess what? We will not be able to feed all those people born because cheap oil made feeding them possible. You do the math on what that means.

9 Fun Tricks You Can Do With Static Electricity
Casey Chan

Levitate light objects
Make an electroscope
Control the movement of balloons
Bend water
Make styrofoam balls dance around in aluminum foil
Control bubbles
Move a stick
Make a can roll around without touching it
Hover a styrofoam plate

End of the world? A 500-year-old prophecy from ‘Italian Nostradamus’ comes TRUE

Armageddon said to follow two days of snow in southern town of Salento - which has just been blanketed by icy falls


“Two days of snow, two flashes in the sky, I know the world ends, but I do not yearn.”
COULD the end of the world be looming?

According to a prophecy from the Italian Nostradamus, Armageddon is just around the corner.

It all comes down to the snow that has been hitting Italian resort town Salento for the last two days.

Philosopher Matteo Tafuri, who lived between 1492 and 1582, warned that two consecutive days of snow in the town would lead to the apocalypse.

The region is known for its mild climate but has been left blanketed by icy falls of late.

Matteo predicted: “Salento of palm trees and mild south wind, snowy Salento but never after the touch.

Philosopher Matteo Tafuri, who lived between 1492 and 1582, warned that two consecutive days of snow in the town would lead to the apocalypse

This week snow has blanketed some parts of southern Italy – leading some superstitious observers to believe Matteo’s predictions will soon come true.

This revelation comes just days after a picture of the Virgin Mary in Macedonia was spotted crying – a manifestation which has also been linked to the end of days.

Large Saucer UFO Found Buried In Antarctica!

Disc coords: 74°38'18.53" S 164°31'48.53" E

Caves: 66°33'12.33"S, 99°50'20.37"E --- 66°36'12.69"S, 99°43'12.44"E

Rats’ intestines destroyed just 90 days after being fed Monsanto GMO corn

by: Daniel Barker

Ever since agribusiness giant Monsanto began pushing its GM crops on the public, the company has maintained that the technology is safe, and that consumption of Frankenfood products, such as genetically-modified corn, causes no ill effects in either animals or humans.

Monsanto propaganda holds that GMOs have been proven safe, but the truth is that few real safety studies have ever been conducted, while much of the existing scientific literature on the subject is bogus industry-backed drivel. However, despite Monsanto’s efforts to control the narrative, independent researchers have been finding evidence that contradicts the company’s claims.

GM Watch recently published the results of one such study, conducted by two researchers at the Faculty of Medicine at Tanta University, Egypt.

The researchers fed Monsanto GM corn – a genetically-altered version of a local Egyptian corn variety – to laboratory rats over a 90-day period, with a control group being fed a non-GM variety of local corn. (RELATED: Stay informed about all the news on GMOs at
Researchers find ‘alarming signs’

The rats which were fed the GM corn (MON810: Ajeeb YG) developed “serious damage to the surface mucous membranes of the jejunum (part of the small intestine).”

From GM Watch:

“In the GM-fed rats, some areas of the villi – finger-like structures in the intestine that absorb nutrients from food – were damaged. They were distorted and flattened, with some cells joined together. The damage can clearly be seen in the images included in the study. The crypts (mucosal glands) were disrupted and blood vessels were congested. Signs of inflammation – white blood cell infiltration – were seen around areas of damage. In addition, the cells of the intestinal lining were abnormal in structure.

“Other signs of damage included increased shedding of mucosal cells, increased numbers of mucous-secreting goblet cells, and higher rates of division of cells lining the crypts.”

The researchers concluded that despite Monsanto’s assurances, the consumption of GM corn “profoundly altered the histological structure of the jejunal mucosa at many levels and revealed several alarming signs.”

Two earlier Egyptian studies involving rats that consumed the same Monsanto GM variety corn revealed other types of damage. One of the studies found “differences in organ and body weights and in blood biochemistry” between rats that consumed MON810: Ajeeb YG and those which ate a non-GM version of the same variety, suggesting that the GM corn might produce “potential adverse health/toxic effects.”

The second study, conducted by the same research team, found “toxic effects” in several organs of lab rats caused by the same GM variety – including damage to the liver, kidneys, intestines and testes.

The publication of the study comes as the European Commission pushes plans to begin growing MON810 corn in 2017. A vote is scheduled for January 17.

Monsanto GM corn strain poses genetic contamination risk

Interestingly, there appears to be another problem with MON810. Independent nonprofit research institute Test Biotech has reported that MON810 poses a risk of GM transgenes spreading to other plant species, and is calling for a withdrawal of Monsanto’s application to the EU for approval of its cultivation.

It’s become increasingly evident that GM technology has turned out to be – as many predicted – a dangerous experiment gone completely awry. GM crops have failed to produce the promised yields, while more and more studies are uncovering health risks associated with the technology.

Glyphosate, the main ingredient in Monsanto’s Roundup – an herbicide essential to the whole Monsanto biotech equation – is a highly toxic and carcinogenic chemical. Glyphosate has now become the most widely used herbicide in history, and roughly 19 percent of all glyphosate produced since it was first introduced in 1974 has been dumped on the United States alone. (Related: We also cover glyphosate “RoundUp” news at

It’s time for a complete global ban on GM agriculture and the use of glyphosate.

To stay informed on all the nefarious people pushing these poisons on humanity, read


Physicists have created a new form of hydrogen

The most abundant element in the Universe just got interesting.

As the element that makes up 75 percent of all the mass in the Universe, and more than 90 percent of all the atoms, we’re all pretty well acquainted with hydrogen.

But the simplest and most abundant element in the Universe still has some tricks up its sleeve, because physicists have just created a never-before-seen form of hydrogen - negatively charged hydrogen clusters.

To understand what negatively charged hydrogen clusters are, you first have to wrap your head around their far more common counterparts - positively charged hydrogen clusters.

Positively charged hydrogen clusters are pretty much exactly what they sound like - positively charged clusters of a few or many hydrogen molecules.

Known simply as hydrogen ion clusters, they form at very low temperatures, and can contain as many as 100 individual atoms.

Physicists confirmed the existence of hydrogen ion clusters some 40 years ago, and while a negative counterpart to these clusters boasting large numbers of atoms were theorised, no one could figure out how to create one.

But that didn't stop a team of physicists led by Michael Renzler from the University of Innsbruck in Austria from giving it a shot.

First, they injected cold liquid helium droplets with hydrogen (H2) molecules. This caused the mixture to form clusters with a neutral charge.

Next, they exposed these H2-infused droplets to an electron beam, and that caused some of the hydrogen molecules to ionise, and be flung out into the surrounding vacuum as negatively charged hydrogen ions.

Soon, nearby hydrogen molecules started clustering around the negatively charged ions, and the researchers discovered that these newly formed groups could boast a few, or many molecules each.

As is often the case with the most elusive structures in particle physics, these negatively charged hydrogen clusters existed only for an incredibly fleeting moment - several microseconds (1 microsecond = 0.000001 seconds).

But that was enough time for the team to determine their geometric structures.

As Michael Schirber reports for the American Physical Society, the researchers found that the clusters only had odd atom numbers, ranging from n= 5 to n = 129.

The most stable clusters had a central, negatively charged H− ion core sounded by shells that were completely filled up by hydrogen molecules.

"The odd values implied that the clusters were a combination of several H2 molecules and a single H− ion core, held together through an induced dipole attraction," Schirber explains.

The most commonly recorded clusters had the atomic numbers n = 25, n = 65, and n = 89.

These 'magic numbers', as the team calls them, correspond to symmetrical, almost solid arrangements of H2 molecules, such as a 20-sided icosahedron. (You can see one of these formations in the image at the top of the page.)

So why does all this matter? For years now, researchers have suspected that these large hydrogen clusters could form naturally in outer space, either in cold, dense clouds, or the atmospheres of gas planets.

Now that we know that negatively charged hydrogen clusters aren't impossible, and what their most common and stable form could be, it could make it easier to identify them in nature for the time.

And at a time when researchers are questioning if dark matter - the stuff that hypothetically makes up 27 percent of the observable Universe - even exists, we need all the help we can get when it comes to deciphering the smallest constituents of the space around us.

The research has been published in Physical Review Letters.

Synopsis: Hydrogen Clusters Go Negative

Negatively charged hydrogen ion clusters—consisting of five or more hydrogen atoms—have been observed for the first time.

At very low temperatures, hydrogen (H) can form ionized clusters containing as many as a hundred atoms. Previously only observed with positive charge, researchers have now detected negatively charged clusters. The number of hydrogen atoms in these clusters is always odd, but certain numbers of atoms appear more often than others. The results suggest that the clusters are based on a solid-like structure in which a single H−
ion is surrounded by an ordered arrangement of H2 molecules.

Theorists long ago predicted that hydrogen clusters with large atom numbers may form in outer space, and lab experiments confirmed the existence of positively charged clusters 40 years ago. Negatively charged clusters (or anions) have proved more elusive. Until now, the largest hydrogenic anion was H−3

In their experiment, Michael Renzler from the University of Innsbruck in Austria and his colleagues injected H2 molecules into cold liquid-helium droplets, where the molecules form neutral clusters. When the team exposed the droplets to an electron beam, the clusters ionized and escaped into the surrounding vacuum. The H−n clusters were stable for at least several microseconds—long enough for them to reach a mass spectrometer that recorded a range of odd atom numbers from n=5 to n=129. The odd values implied that the clusters were a combination of several H2 molecules and a single H− ion core, held together through an induced dipole attraction. The highest observed abundances were for n=25, 65, and 89. These “magic numbers” correspond to symmetrical solid-like arrangements of H2 molecules, such as a 20-sided icosahedron. Future studies may explore the chemistry of these large anions and possible quantum effects in the vibrational excitations of the crystalline structures..
Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 273001 (2016)

Anionic Hydrogen Cluster Ions as a New Form of Condensed Hydrogen

Michael Renzler, Martin Kuhn, Andreas Mauracher, Albrecht Lindinger, Paul Scheier, and Andrew M. Ellis


We report the first experimental observation of negatively charged hydrogen and deuterium cluster ions, H−n and D−n, where n≥5. These anions are formed by an electron addition to liquid helium nanodroplets doped with molecular hydrogen or deuterium. The ions are stable for at least the lifetime of the experiment, which is several tens of microseconds. Only anions with odd values of n are detected, and some specific ions show anomalously high abundances. The sizes of these “magic number” ions suggest an icosahedral framework of H2 (D2) molecules in solvent shells around a central H− (D−) ion. The first three shells, which contain a total of 44 H2 or D2 molecules, appear to be solidlike, but thereafter a more liquidlike arrangement of the H2 (D2) molecules is adopted.

Plants Don't Lie

Proof Brown's Gas enhances life and health

Hillary Clinton's Greatest Speech :

Kruzah chook

Ancient Chinese medicine shows promise in the treatment of tuberculosis
Scientists have identified new compound that could reduce TB treatment duration.

By Léa Surugue

Artemisinin, the ancient Chinese medicine that dramatically reduced the number of deaths from malaria around the world, may also help treat people suffering from tuberculosis. This approach could provide a solution to one of main problems associated with TB treatment – the length it takes to cure the disease completely...

2017 Prophecy For Israel & USA: America Will Be Divided Into Two Like Israel
Sadhu Sundar Selvaraj

MMS Jim Humble the Good the Bad the Truth


Robert Teeter

I've been working with, and researching, chlorine dioxide for two years. I've made my own batches of nearly 100%, using a different formula. There are more than eight formulas to make chlorine dioxide. I have the Genesis II Church member card. I'm not anti-MMS.

Jim Humble is a great humanitarian, and must have been a good NASA engineer. However, his chemistry is bad, which he has said in his book. And his understanding of body biochemistry is completely wrong. My main purpose, for this paper, is to correct his mistakes.

The medical establishment's attack, against MMS, is based on a simplistic, uninformed, negative, buzz word slander. Clorox bleach is not labeled with the skull poison symbol. Like many products, it has warnings. And the warnings are exaggerated, as usual. For instance, it warns of burns to the skin. Hah, I've had bleach on my hands many times. It feels slimy, but doesn't cause a burn. They also use the word "industrial" bleach. "Industrial" makes it sound bad. Supermarket packaged foods are made in a factory. It's an industry. There's nothing bad about being industrial. Sodium chlorite and chlorine dioxide are in the general category of "bleach". That's good if you want to disinfect. And chlorine dioxide is used, for instance in municipal water supplies, because it is the safest one. As I will cover later, bleach oxidizers can do damage. So concentrations must be low.

I'm experienced enough to be aware of the inner works of some groups, especially ones like the FDA. The whole attack, on MMS, may possibly be traced to one man, Mr. Mizer in the US Dept. of Justice, since everyone is repeating his slander, about bleach. There's a cadre of such people who hate Christianity, and so can't stand medical people using the words "cure" or "miracle". For sure, the attack is uninformed, and so it is illegitimate.

To begin correcting Jim's mistaken ideas about chemistry. Chlorine dioxide is not an ion. It does not have a charge. It is a molecule. Molecules do not have a charge. Chlorine dioxide is unusual, in that it doesn't dissolve, ionize, in water. Body cells are a complex structure of many molecules. They do not have a charge. So chlorine dioxide is not repelled by body cells, and it is not attracted to only bad bacteria. Bacteria are cells, and so do not have a charge. The Gram Stain is not a positive or negative charge. The positive and negative means yes or no for the bacteria becoming stained with a dye. Chlorine dioxide is a free radical, meaning it has an unfilled electron space. This is how it oxidizes. When reacting with organic molecules, chlorine dioxide usually functions as a highly selective oxidant due to its unique, one-electron transfer mechanism where it is reduced back to the chlorite ion. When oxidizing some inorganics, like ferric oxide, it can accept a total of five electrons, which would break it down to a chloride ion, as in salt, and two oxygen ions. Jim's claim that electron shells hold atoms together, and that the nucleus would fly apart if the electrons are drawn away, is false. It takes a high-powered atom smasher to do that.

Chlorine dioxide is said to work differently on different pathogens. Bacteria, fungi, parasite and tumor cells are vulnerable to oxidants because of these components; thiols, polyamines, purines, amino acids with thiols, phenols, and amines [Dr. Thomas Hesselink's paper about malaria]. The method of chlorine dioxide bacterial kill, at low ppm concentration, seems to occur by the disruption of protein synthesis and enzyme inactivation. This is similar to the non-toxic mechanism of some common antibiotics. It does not blow a hole in cell walls. It acts on good as well as bad bacteria, so probiotics should be taken after treatment is finished. Oxidation of RNA and DNA do not appear to take place, or are at least unimportant in the process. The site of action lies in the soluble fraction of the cell and there appears to be no damage to internal structural components such as ribosomes. At high ppm, the method of rapid bacterial and viral kill appears to be the softening and destroying of the cell wall, or viral capsid.

Chlorine dioxide can definitely hurt body tissue, as well as pathogens. It kills algae, parasite organisms, and some insect eggs or larvae, such as mosquitoes. If the concentration is high enough, it can kill zebra mussels and some fish, such as trout (the lethal LC50 for rainbow trout is 290 ppm for 96 hours). Since I believed Jim's harmlessness claim, at first, I took massive doses of pure chlorine dioxide, and inhaled full breaths of it. Once, my lungs hurt for three days afterwards. And massive doses caused my ears to ring, probably damaging sensitive inner ear nerve hairs. So doses should be kept small, and luckily chlorine dioxide works with the lowest doses, compared to other disinfectants. There are many institutional papers assessing the toxicity of chlorine dioxide, sodium chlorite and chlorate. The main problem area is red blood cells. With prolonged, higher dose (up to 1000 ppm for chlorine dioxide, and 100 ppm for chlorite and chlorate) daily use in rat's drinking water, for 1-2 months, some hemoglobin can be oxidized to methemoglobin which doesn't carry oxygen. Also, red blood cell count can decrease. Chlorate (ClO3-), which can rupture RBCs, is the worst with serious RBC loss after nine months. There is a claim that some chlorate can be produced in MMS reactions, such as with pH less than 3, and some chemical studies claim chlorine dioxide can change into some chlorate in water. Red blood cells have glutathione to protect them from oxidation, but cell levels can be decreased with prolonged treatment. Other studies show no methemoglobin at these dose levels. There is a reference stating that there's an enzyme that reduces methemoglobin back to normal hemoglobin. One study with low dose, single dose, pure chlorine dioxide using people, showed no problems at 0.34 mg/kg of body weight. In these studies, the doses of sodium chlorite and chlorate were only 1/10th of the amount of chlorine dioxide, evidently for safety reasons, meaning they considered chlorine dioxide much safer. Different studies have found the following safe levels of chlorine dioxide in all of the drinking water, per day: 15 mg/kg in mice for 1 month; 9 mg/kg in green monkeys for 1-2 months; 2 mg/kg in Sprague-Dawley rats for 3 months. At higher doses there could be some nasal irritation from chlorine dioxide gas evaporating at the drinking tube. Effect on newborn rat pups: decreased pup development, decreased thyroid hormone levels (thyroid hormones T3 and T4 are phenols), and decreased brain cell count, were found at 14 mg/kg of body weight per day in drinking water for the mother rats during gestation and lactation. Dosing below 14 mg/kg had no observed effect, such as in a 3 mg/kg test. I don't think anyone should take maintenance doses for years, especially with so much sodium chlorite in the MMS mix. And doses should be in mg/kg or /pound of body weight, not in drops. Also, Jim is wrong about MMS lasting only one hour in the body. Rat studies show that 100% chlorine dioxide, not the MMS mix, reaches peak blood level in 2 hours, with half absorbed in 3.5 hours. The leftover sodium chlorite, in the MMS mix, reaches peak blood level in 8 hours. 21% of it is still in the blood after 72 hours. So dosing every hour is not a good idea. Studies use one dose per day. There probably hasn't been much research about the effect of chlorite and chlorine dioxide on prescription drugs in the body, but oxidizers are one thing used by illegal drug users to nullify drugs in their urine test. So they probably can affect some prescription drugs in the body. For myself, I would only take low dose pure chlorine dioxide, such as chlorine dioxide solution (CDS), or the new MMS1 tablets in a glass of water [do not swallow the tablet]. Precautions must be employed in people with glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase deficiency disease, as they are especially sensitive to oxidants of all kinds.

As chlorine dioxide is a free radical, antioxidants will quench it back into a chlorite ion. This happens with many antioxidants; Vit. E, Vit. A, CoQ10, flavonoids, Beta-carotene, Lycopene, Lutein, etc., not only vitamin C. So no antioxidant supplements, or natural juices or foods should be consumed with chlorine dioxide. Lemon, or lime juice, has vitamin C and other antioxidants, so are not good to mix with chlorine dioxide.

Jim believes that MMS gets completely changed into chlorine dioxide, in the stomach, if you swallow it. This is no more true than what happens when activating MMS in a glass beaker. There is only a small continuous basal secretion of gastric acid, on an empty stomach, of usually less than 10 mEq/hour. It takes food to stimulate the secretion of gastric fluid, and then the HCl is only 0.5 to 1% of it. And acidifying sodium chlorite does not produce chlorine dioxide as the first step. It produces chlorous acid, HClO2. [HCl + NaClO2 = HClO2 + NaCl] HClO2 is unstable, and breaks down into chlorine dioxide and hydrochloric acid. [5 HClO2 decomposes to 4 ClO2 + HCl + 2 H2O] Furthermore, at a pH in the range of 2.3 - 3.2, only about 30% chlorous acid is produced from the acidification. That leaves about 70% leftover sodium chlorite. Citric acid is a weak acid, and only produces about 10% chlorine dioxide. And citric acid can have the taste problem. Luckily, the leftover sodium chlorite is also a disinfectant, although it is much harsher than chlorine dioxide, and not as selective. With exact concentrations and conditions, HCl can produce nearly 100% chlorine dioxide. Also, the acidification of 1.3M sodium chlorite with 10% acetic acid yielded almost entirely chlorine dioxide as the major product of the disproportionation. Acidified Sodium Chlorite is used by many food processing companies, and the short-lived chlorous acid is also a disinfectant.

Sodium chlorite is a different animal. I have brushed my teeth with less than one ounce of 80% sodium chlorite solution. Afterwards, one corner of my lips hurt, and my gums were red and sore, with a small amount of bleeding when brushed. This took several days to heal. A single dose of 105 mg/kg weight will kill half of rats tested. That's called the LD50, lethal dose. For a 150 lb person, that's a little over 7 grams. In another test, with cats, a single dose of 1.5 mg/kg caused as much as 32% methemoglobin. That's losing about 1/3 of your blood oxygen supply. This loss does reverse back into normal hemoglobin over time. A 90 day study on rats found a No Adverse Effect Level at 1 mg/kg. Another 13 week study found very serious consequences at the highest doses; death, increased spleen and adrenal weights, ulceration, chronic inflammation and edema in the stomach. In a 90 day study, red blood cell glutathione levels, in a high dose group, were 40% below those of controls. MMS with citric acid has about 90% sodium chlorite leftover. So it's safer to use only chlorine dioxide alone.

Under some circumstances, calcium hypochlorite, MMS2, solutions can decompose to form some chlorate. In water it reacts to form hypochlorous acid and calcium hydroxide. This is the same chemistry as Clorox, sodium hypochlorite. The hydroxide part is caustic. It eats into body tissue. It's well known that these pool chemicals can irritate the eyes, if you swim a long time. He notes that hypochlorous acid is formed in the body. Yes. However it is formed inside white blood cells when they find an invading micro-organism, and only then. So it works only on the invader. Normal mammalian body cells, as well as bacteria, do not have a catalytically active detoxifying mechanism for it. So the hypochlorous acid can destroy body tissue as well as invaders. And ingesting it puts it in your bloodstream and body. Also, it's not as effective as chlorine dioxide. So it offers nothing new. No one should ingest MMS2, calcium hypochlorite, in any way. Swallowing a capsule containing solid calcium hypochlorite must surely "burn" the stomach. Also, calcium hypochlorite reacts with hydrochloric acid, stomach acid, to produce chlorine gas. Chlorine gas is the worst of all types of chlorine compounds.

Here's a quote from one of Jim's books: "Actually my friend next door in the Nevada desert, Bill Boynton, came over one day and said that calcium hypochlorite killed germs in swimming pools and it might just be another MMS. He suggested that we try taking small amounts and see what happens. I figured if he was game to do it, I was too. We made up some gel capsules with calcium hypochlorite in them and started taking them and when they didn't kill us, we had some friends take them. ... I decided to use the gel caps and started sending it out to people in the gel cap form. It's something a doctor could never do. He has the Hippocratic Oath and AMA and FDA looking over his shoulder. But I am an inventor and never took that oath." p.112.

Stabilized Oxygen, as sodium chlorite, is known by some people as a biocide for killing parasites. And at first, this is what Jim used, alone, to cure malaria. It's not clear who started selling Stabilized Oxygen, or why the mistaken name was used. It goes back far enough that the ingredient was not listed, leading to confusion. In 1929, Dr. Moisés de Guevarra was selling a dry powder named "stabilized oxygen". In 1971, Dr. La Mar was the first to use a solution with "stabilized oxygen" to increase blood oxygen level. Evidently, it's unknown if either of these was sodium chlorite. E.D. Goodloe, 1971, sold "aerobic stabilized oxygen", produced in a 2-month-long production process in 14 stages. The oxygen is in association with sodium chloride, not sodium chlorite. Sodium chlorite could be used alone, as long as doses are below the vomiting threshold. Making up a new name, for Stabilized Oxygen (sodium chlorite), is what commercial companies do to sell a product. And changing the wording, of MMS, only causes confusion. Health newsletters simply use the names of the chemicals.

Getting sick, with Jim's method, is not a herxheimer reaction. The herxheimer reaction (Jarrisch and Herxheimer) is a phenomena originally observed in the treatment of syphilis. In general terms, it is described as a temporary increase of symptoms when antibiotics are administered. This effect happens with only a few diseases. Similar reactions have been found to occur in two kinds of borreliosis (Lyme disease and relapsing fever), brucellosis, Q fever, and trypanosomiasis. Herxheimer can occur within days to weeks after the onset of antibiotic therapy. The most common effects include: increased joint or muscle pain, headaches, chills, fever (usually low-grade), drop in blood pressure, hives and rash. Lyme is the main one, now, to have this problem. The extremely large doses of pure chlorine dioxide, that I took, caused no nausea, vomiting or diarrhea. In fact I felt high until the next morning. I've also swallowed a half eye-dropper of the 80% liquid sodium chlorite alone in water. It caused a vomit stomach spasm reaction within 30 minutes. Chlorous acid is evidently the one that causes liquid diarrhea. I got that with my first use of MMS with lime juice. The vomiting and diarrhea are the body's attempt to get rid of what you ingested. They are not a die-off or Herxheimer effect.

We owe Jim for making this subject public, and his other work. But I discovered, from being on the Genesis II Church Forum, that everyone was extremely closed minded about saying anything that disagreed with Jim. They even ban people who disagree with anything, even a chemist. So I have to conclude that Jim's history, with NASA or otherwise, has made him somewhat arrogant. I don't like to criticize people, but he's created an atmosphere that he is perfect, and knows more. That's the kind of problem in cults. Chlorine dioxide, and acidified sodium chlorite, are not new. There's been plenty of official health research, and patents, long before Jim found that "stabilized oxygen" (sodium chlorite) kills the malaria parasite. And some of his protocols may have too much sodium chlorite per day. He's so unprofessional that he doesn't give dosages per pound of weight of the patient. Obviously Jim has done no stomach sample tests, or blood tests to prove his claims. Chlorine dioxide has been said, by a chemist society, to be the best anti-pathogen. But do your own research.

I'm not trying to scare you away from MMS. As long as you stay within the No Adverse Effect Levels, it's usable. If I had a deadly disease, I would use it even at somewhat damaging levels. For recommended dose levels of the sodium chlorite part, see Dr. Hesselink's table below. One benefit of these chlorine oxidants is that, in low doses, they can stimulate white blood cells to produce cytokines which stimulate other white blood cells, activating the immune system.

There's a great Patent, from 1990's work, with very exacting biochemical research. The test studies showed that sodium chlorite alone is successful at treating autoimmune diseases, which may include diabetes-1, Parkinson, MS, hepatitis, etc. [Use of a chemically-stabilized chlorite solution for inhibiting an antigen-specific immune response]...
Lab Tests with Chlorine Dioxide

Disinfection examples include bacteria, yeast, fungi, mold, algae, spores, protozoans, cryptosporidia, actinomycetes, cysts, giardia and larval eggs (mosquito, tse tse fly), insect eggs and larvae (agricultural pests, fruit fly, floricultural and horticultural insects), problematic veligers (zebra mussels, quagga mussels), fish and shellfish diseases (VHS, KHS, ISA) and many others.

Unlike chlorine, ClO2 has the ability to kill water-borne viruses such as legionella, cholera, dengue, hepatitis and typhoid. ClO2 also kills airborne viruses when misted into air. Airborne viruses include anthrax, influenza, SARS, smallpox, chickenpox and avian flu. ClO2 kills all known bacteria, including coliform, salmonella, E-coli, listeria and cinobacteria. ClO2 eliminates microbial slime (biofilm).

Hospital Infection Research Laboratory UK, Institute de Recherche Microbiologique France, Micropathology UK, Biotech-Germande France, Bluscientific UK, PHLS UK

Spores: Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus subtilis var niger, Anthrax [used to disinfect the DC anthrax attack]
Mycobacteria: Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare, Mycobacterium chelonae, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium terrae, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis Poli-R
Viruses: Canine Parvovirus, Coxsackivirus B3, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Herpes simplex virus Type 1, HIV Type 1 , Human Norovirus, Influenza virus Type A2, Poliovirus Type 1, Poliovirus Type 2, SARS,
Fungi: Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans
Bacteria: Acetinobacter baumannii, Clostridium difficile [C. diff], Enterococcus faecium (vancomycin resistant), Enterococcus hirae, Escherichia coli [E. coli], Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (gentamicin resistant), Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin resistant) [MRSA], Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Listeria monocytogenes

UPDATE 8 January

Is civilisation heading for a COLLAPSE? Mathematical historian predicts political turmoil will peak in the 2020s

By Abigail Beall

The rise and fall of civilisations can be predicted by a simple equation, and our civilisation is in for a fall some time soon.

This is according to Peter Turchin, from the University of Connecticut, who says mathematics can explain human behaviour far more accurately than you might think.

And if his calculations are correct, the world should be prepared for years of political turmoil that will peak at some point in the next century.

A professor of Ecology and Mathematics from the University of Connecticut, Peter Turchin has led the development of a cross-disciplinary subject called 'cliodynamics'.

'Cliodynamics is a new 'transdisciplinary discipline' that treats history as just another science,' Professor Turchin says.

He started out using maths to predict human activity from 1500 B.C.E. to 1500 C.E.

Then three years ago, using similar models, he began to forecast the future.

'My model indicated that social instability and political violence would peak in the 2020s,' he says.

The presidential election which we have experienced, unfortunately, confirms this forecast.

'We seem to be well on track for the 2020s instability peak.'

Exactly what will happen when this 'peak' occurs is unknown, and Professor Turchin says the theory does not predict events. but trends.

He said the turmoil would be driven by a process of 'elite overproduction' in which the number of rich, elite people in society grows larger and they become ever more distant from those poorer.

Social instability lies ahead, researcher says
January 4, 2017 by Peter Turchin

Cliodynamics is a new "transdisciplinary discipline" that treats history as just another science. Ten years ago I started applying its tools to the society I live in: the United States. What I discovered alarmed me.

My research showed that about 40 seemingly disparate (but, according to cliodynamics, related) social indicators experienced turning points during the 1970s. Historically, such developments have served as leading indicators of political turmoil. My model indicated that social instability and political violence would peak in the 2020s.

The presidential election which we have experienced, unfortunately, confirms this forecast. We seem to be well on track for the 2020s instability peak. And although the election is over, the deep structural forces that brought us the current political crisis have not gone away. If anything, the negative trends seem to be accelerating.

My model tracks a number of factors. Some reflect the developments that have been noticed and extensively discussed: growing income and wealth inequality, stagnating and even declining well-being of most Americans, growing political fragmentation and governmental dysfunction (see Return of the Oppressed). But most social scientists and political commentators tend to focus on a particular slice of the problem. It's not broadly appreciated that these developments are all interconnected. Our society is a system in which different parts affect each other, often in unexpected ways.

Furthermore, there is another important development that has been missed by most commentators: the key role of "elite overproduction" in driving waves of political violence, both in historical societies and in our own (see Blame Rich, Overeducated Elites as Our Society Frays). As I wrote three years ago, "Increasing inequality leads not only to the growth of top fortunes; it also results in greater numbers of wealth-holders. The '1 percent' becomes '2 percent.' Or even more. … from 1983 to 2010 the number of American households worth at least $10 million grew to 350,000 from 66,000. Rich Americans tend to be more politically active than the rest of the population. … In technical terms, such a situation is known as 'elite overproduction.' … Elite overproduction generally leads to more intra-elite competition that gradually undermines the spirit of cooperation, which is followed by ideological polarization and fragmentation of the political class. This happens because the more contenders there are, the more of them end up on the losing side. A large class of disgruntled elite-wannabes, often well-educated and highly capable, has been denied access to elite positions."

This was written when Donald Trump was known only as a real estate mogul and reality show host; well before this presidential election characterized by an unprecedented collapse of social norms governing civilized discourse – "epic ugliness," in the words of the New York Times columnist Frank Bruni.

The victory of Donald Trump changes nothing in this equation. The "social pump" creating new aspirants for political offices continues to operate at full strength. In addition to politically ambitious multi-millionaires, the second important source of such aspirants is U.S. law schools, which every year churn out twice as many law graduates as there are job openings for them – about 25,000 "surplus" lawyers, many of whom are in debt. It is emblematic that the 2016 election pitted a billionaire against a lawyer.

Another visible sign of increasing intra-elite competition and political polarization is the fragmentation of political parties. The Republican Party is in the process of splitting up into three factions: Traditional Republicans, Tea Party Republicans, and Trump Populists. These divisions run so deep that many Republicans refused to endorse Trump, and some even voted for Clinton. Similar disintegrative forces have also been at work within the Democratic Party, with a major fault line dividing Bernie Sanders' Democratic Socialists from the Establishment Democrats of Obama and Clinton.

So far in this analysis I have emphasized elite overproduction. There are two reasons for it. First, as I mentioned before, other factors are much better understood, and have been discussed, by social scientists and political commentators. Secondly, cliodynamic research on past societies demonstrates that elite overproduction is by far the most important of the three main historical drivers of social instability and political violence (see Secular Cycles for this analysis).

But the other two factors in the model, popular immiseration (the stagnation and decline of living standards) and declining fiscal health of the state (resulting from falling state revenues and rising expenses) are also important contributors.

From what I have seen so far, it seems unlikely that the Trump administration will succeed in reversing these negative trends. And some of the proposed policies will likely make them worse. For example, drastically reducing taxes on wealthy Americans will hardly strengthen the fiscal health of the state.

Thus I see no reason to revise the forecast I made three years ago: "We should expect many years of political turmoil, peaking in the 2020s."

But this is a science-based forecast, not a "prophecy". It's based on solid social science, the workings of which I have left "under the hood" in this article intended for a general audience. But the science is there. If you are interested in looking under the hood, see my recently published book, Ages of Discord.

Because it's a scientific theory, we also need to understand the limitations of what it can forecast. Cliodynamics is about broad social trends and deep structural causes of these developments. It did not predict that Donald Trump would become the American President in 2016. But it did predict rising social and political instability. And, unless something is done, instability will continue to rise.

So what's to be done? I find myself in the shoes of Hari Seldon, a fictional character in Isaac Asimov's Foundation, whose science of history (which he called psychohistory) predicted the decline and fall of his own society. Should we follow Seldon's lead and establish a Cliodynamic Foundation somewhere in the remote deserts of Australia?

This would be precisely the wrong thing to do. It didn't work even in Isaac Asimov's fictional universe. The problem with secretive cabals is that they quickly become self-serving, and then mire themselves in internecine conflict. Asimov came up with the Second Foundation to watch over the First. But who watches the watchers? In the end it all came down to a uniquely powerful and uniquely benevolent super-robot, R. Daneel Olivaw.

No, the only way forward is through an open discussion of problems and potential solutions, and broad-based collective action to implement them. It's messy and slow, but that's how lasting positive change usually comes about.

Another important consideration is that in Foundation, Seldon's equations told him that it would be impossible to stop the decline of the Galactic Empire – Trantor must fall. In real life, thankfully, things are different. And this is another way in which the forecasts of cliodynamics differ from prophecies of doom. They give us tools not only to understand the problem, but also potentially to fix it.

But to do it, we need to develop much better science. What we need is a nonpolitical, indeed a fiercely non-partisan center/institute/think tank that would develop and refine a better scientific understanding of how we got into this mess; and then translate that science into policy to help us get out of it.

Our society, like all previous complex societies, is on a rollercoaster. Impersonal social forces bring us to the top; then comes the inevitable plunge. But the descent is not inevitable. Ours is the first society that can perceive how those forces operate, even if dimly. This means that we can avoid the worst – perhaps by switching to a less harrowing track, perhaps by redesigning the rollercoaster altogether.

Graphene Nanotubes-Sulfur Catalyst for Hydrogen Production

A team of UConn chemists led by professors Steven Suib and James Rusling has developed a new material that could make hydrogen capture more commercially viable and provide a key element for a new generation of cheaper, light-weight hydrogen fuel cells.

The new metal-free catalyst uses carbon graphene nanotubes infused with sulfur...

Current hydrogen production uses intense heat to separate hydrogen from hydrocarbons found in crude oil. But the resulting hydrogen isn't very pure, and byproducts must be scrubbed out.

An alternate process, capturing hydrogen in water, is cleaner and more sustainable, but it too has limitations. Electrocatalysts involved in this process are usually made of rare earth metals like platinum and iridium. But they are very expensive, making the commercialization of pure hydrogen fuels difficult...

Suib and Rusling, an expert in electrochemistry, knew that sulfur-infused carbon graphene nanotubes were a potentially efficient non-metal catalyst for an oxygen reduction reaction. An oxygen reduction reaction, or ORR, happens when oxygen and hydrogen molecules are converted to water. The reaction is a key component of hydrogen-based fuel cells. Hydrogen gas used to power the cells passes through a catalyst, currently a corrosive-resistant metal like platinum, causing an oxygen reduction electrochemical reaction that creates energy and – as a byproduct – water.

But reversing that process – starting with water and extracting pure hydrogen from it, a procedure known as an oxygen evolution reaction – is much more of a challenge electrochemically. Suib and Rusling, working with a team of graduate students led by Ph.D. candidates Abdelhamid El-Sawy and Islam Mosa, decided to give it a shot.

The key, Suib says, was manipulating the sulfur and carbon atoms to create stable bonds and structures within the nanotubes, while also maintaining or improving the tubes' electrochemical potential so that it mirrored those found in the rare metals...

The process developed in Suib's and Rusling's labs uses a dual doping procedure involving sulfur and benzyl disulfide treated at high heat. The researchers had to carefully add heteroatoms of sulfur at extremely low levels to strike the delicate balance needed to maintain usability and stability. Add too much sulfur and the sample would be unstable; not enough and it would be ineffective...

In the end, he says, the sulfur-doped nanotubes used much less energy in the chemical reaction process than other known processes, and were much more active and efficient catalysts than other known products.

Most importantly, he points out, the sulfur-infused nanotubes are efficient for both separating hydrogen from water and reducing oxygen into water. Materials with those dual properties are rare, he notes...

Doctors have found a way to manipulate wounds to heal as regenerated skin rather than scar tissue. The method involves transforming the most common type of cells found in wounds into fat cells -- something that was previously thought to be impossible in humans. Researchers began this work at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, which led to a large-scale, multi-year study in connection with the Plikus Laboratory for Developmental and Regenerative Biology at the University of California, Irvine. They published their findings online in the journal Science on Thursday, January 5th, 2017.

Fat cells called adipocytes are normally found in the skin, but they're lost when wounds heal as scars. The most common cells found in healing wounds are myofibroblasts, which were thought to only form a scar. Scar tissue also does not have any hair follicles associated with it, which is another factor that gives it an abnormal appearance from the rest of the skin. Researchers used these characteristics as the basis for their work -- changing the already present myofibroblasts into fat cells that do not cause scarring.

"Essentially, we can manipulate wound healing so that it leads to skin regeneration rather than scarring," said George Cotsarelis, MD, the chair of the Department of Dermatology and the Milton Bixler Hartzell Professor of Dermatology at Penn, and the principal investigator of the project. "The secret is to regenerate hair follicles first. After that, the fat will regenerate in response to the signals from those follicles."

The study showed hair and fat develop separately but not independently. Hair follicles form first, and the Cotsarelis lab previously discovered factors necessary for their formation. Now they've discovered additional factors actually produced by the regenerating hair follicle to convert the surrounding myofibroblasts to regenerate as fat instead of forming a scar. That fat will not form without the new hairs, but once it does, the new cells are indistinguishable from the pre-existing fat cells, giving the healed wound a natural look instead of leaving a scar. As they examined the question of what was sending the signal from the hair to the fat cells, researchers identified a factor called Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP). It instructs the myofibroblasts to become fat. This signaling was groundbreaking on its own, as it changed what was previously known about myofibroblasts...

Regeneration of fat cells from myofibroblasts during wound healing

Maksim V. Plikus, et al.


Although regeneration via the reprogramming of one cell lineage to another occurs in fish and amphibians, it is not observed in mammals. We discovered in mouse that during wound healing adipocytes regenerate from myofibroblasts, a cell type thought to be differentiated and non-adipogenic. Myofibroblast reprogramming required neogenic hair follicles, which triggered BMP signaling and then activation of adipocyte transcription factors expressed during development. Overexpression of the BMP antagonist, noggin, in hair follicles or deletion of the BMP receptor in myofibroblasts prevented adipocyte formation. Adipocytes formed from human keloid fibroblasts when treated with either BMP or when placed with human hair follicles in vitro. Thus, we identify the myofibroblast as a plastic cell type that may be manipulated to treat scars in humans.

Time-restricted feeding study shows promise in helping people shed body fat

University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers are trying to find out whether changing a person's eating schedule can help them lose weight and burn fat.

The first human test of early time-restricted feeding, or eTRF, found that this meal-timing strategy reduced swings in hunger and altered fat and carbohydrate burning patterns, which may help with losing weight. With eTRF, people eat their last meal by the mid-afternoon and do not eat again until breakfast the next morning. The findings were unveiled during a presentation at The Obesity Society Annual Meeting at Obesity Week 2016 in New Orleans, Louisiana.

"Eating only during a much smaller window of time than people are typically used to may help with weight loss," said Courtney Peterson, Ph.D., an associate professor in the Department of Nutrition Sciences at UAB. "We found that eating between 8 a.m. and 2 p.m. followed by an 18-hour daily fast kept appetite levels more even throughout the day, in comparison to eating between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m., which is what the average American does."

This new research, funded by a TOS Early Career Research Grant awarded in 2014, suggests that eating a very early dinner, or even skipping dinner, may have some benefits for losing weight, although further studies need to take place to confirm that theory. Previous animal studies showed that eTRF helped rodents burn more fat...

Pat Condell micturates on the Stupids :
Am I A Racist?
The Trouble With Islam
It's Good To Be Anti-Islam
A Word To Left-Wing Students
Sweden - Ship of fools

UPDATE : 6 January

Lots of Wow, & some volcanic pffft... :

Part 1 of 4 - Ruins of Old Earth, a Gary Schoenung Documentary
Part 2 of 4
Part 3 of 4

Part 4 of 4
part 34 Old Earth Ruins, Ancient Dams, Airports, Lifelines, Canal Systems and Underwater Structures
Bombard's Body Language
Body Language: John Podesta

Body Language: Donald Trump

ALTA Report ( January 2017 ) -- Key Words Excerpts

Sci-fi World... forecasts for December 2016 through 2046\
by clif high

Meta data

'context change''emergence undocumented workers''millions of feet''ultra-long trend context change''collective views''paradigms''mad max world''serf
planet'“Caligula's Deviant Reality''Sci-fi World''flushed''security''secrets''sci-fi world'

'bravery''courage''religion''factual assault''new discoveries''over turning''upending' [ next 10/ten years ]'claimed origins''religions''the other side of the planet''prove biblical distortions of history''non participation''monotheism religions''claimed history''reformation of human thought'[ 4/four years ]'established religious structures''dying''abandoned''facts''tentative rewriting human history'.

'seismic activity''land forms continents''coast line alterations''increasingly impacting''economic centers''port of London''inland ports''water flows''coast line alterations'[ next four years]'island nations''island city states''curiously cursed''changes''ports''less useful''new facilities''replace abandoned inland ports''to be replaced ports''flow changing''underwater obstacles''new current flow patterns''port problems''new deltas''blocking access''new lands''loss of port access''trapped ships''blockages', and 'tilted cranes''global shipping'.

'Ice Age' [ 2025 to 2047 ]'undeniable nature''Ice Age symptoms''visibility'[2025]'beginning year''Great (ten year long) Diaspora''northern hemisphere''mature'[ 2047]'signs''reduction in Ice accumulation''fade off /melt off''increasing solar activity'[ 2043+]'ocean currents changing''ocean level reducing''precipitation/dust/dry sands increasing''ice (glaciers) forming''northern hemisphere''tropics''Ice Age symptoms''space cold plasma''sudden local deep freezing''few minutes''plasma descends from space''usually''high altitude''cold plasma events''videos'[ 2017 / 2018 ]'cold plasma events''descend''sea level''flash freezes''freezing airplanes''mid flight''crashes''airplane''hundreds of tons''ice''buildings''whole cities and towns''flash frozen''utilities stop''water freezes in canals/pipes/ lakes/sinks''broken glass''building freezes''twists''cold distortions''cruise ship''missed''yards''sudden ocean freezing event'[ before mid 2018]'definitions''frozen rain towers''whole rain storms''frozen in place''ice columns''hundreds of feet''frozen beaches''salted ice platforms''miles'.

'earth expansion''smells from underground earth''unusual''terribly bad smells''issuing forth''earthquake sign''volcanoes forming''stretching between the plates''new gases just formed''pressuring underground' 'releasing gasses''freak out scientific thinking''oxygen''noble gases''nearly pure streams'.

'expanding earth''new winds patterns''held to blame''brutal cold''extraordinary costs'[ Winter, 2017/2018.]'extreme costs''new wind patterns''shift cold areas hundreds of miles''sweeping cold winds''freeze fruits trees''cover rivers with ice'[ never ]'been frozen before''extreme costs''coastal harbors''damage''new winds''sudden cold''river systems''delta flood plains''frozen''people can walk''patrolled by boats''alarm''local authorities''people are walking across'[not]'reporting to border patrol'.

'Ice Age''secrets revealed''authorities''western world''colluding''obscure and/or hide''evidence of developing Ice Age''leaks''cover-up''fake climate data''que bene''who benefits''second leg up''precious metals spikes'

'expressed''manifesting Ice Age''symptoms''intrude''awareness'[2017 / 2018]'Ice Age''cause''prompt''old persons diaspora' [2018 / 2019]

'warmists''climate warming agenda''in crisis''cold climate change symptoms''slamming''plans''cold weather''damage''transport''transportation infrastructure''roads''rail''canals''canal''shut down /frozen over''damaged''walls separate''mechanisms'.

'increasing''depth of freeze''damage' to the 'underground utilities' of many 'cities' including 'major capitals''frozen so deep''water''flow''pipes''next to underground sewage lines''homeless''migrant''drawn into''sewer systems''warmth'.

'Ice Age symptoms''drive economics''severe drought (heat) conditions'[SE Asia / eastern India]

'severe drought conditions''warm water fogs''affect shipping''drought''rapid''harsh''deep''very short''local populations''water rationing''extreme measures to overcome heat''rains come''relief''causing festivities''intense downpours''1000 year floods''land and plants''drought''cracking''withering''hold the ground'.

'torrential downpours''atmospheric compression events''rain''wrung out of the clouds''intense pressure changes''rain down-pour''etch stone in buildings''mere hours''top floors''high rise buildings''flooded''residents flee''flows down stair cases''people swept away''trapped in elevators''water pours down elevator shaft''waterfall'

Your Global Population changes....

'US dollar''lose jobs''lose job creation''global dollar depression''deepening''spreading''US dollar world''upside down''inside out'[ January 8th ]'chaos''global markets''blamed''pending power shift in USAPop''proximate cracking /near to breaking / close to
separating'[ Europe]'pressuring complex derivatives''contract level counter-party risks''on the table'

'power shift'[ late January]'EU-R-Asia Bitcoin Nation''bitcoin'[Chinese Pan-Continental Trading zone]'new fiber (optics?)''spreading out'[2017]'remarkably fast manner''drawing in / online''billion new people''extending out''use of bitcoin'


'collective''population''powers the Break-away Civilization''an entity''enhanced awareness duality''now you see it' /'not''expanded awareness''needs gentle approach''expanding awareness of duality requires caution''the unguarded mind at risk when approaching expanded awareness of duality'.

'levels''awareness''chooses to interact''bizarre kidnappings''border on (Star Trek like) vanishings'[late Winter/northern hemisphere - late June] 'revealing' 'images captured''kidnapping'

'abductees''usefulness to the cause/goal'[ late August 2017 ]'expanded awareness''layers of communications about duality''interacting''contacts''negative language''interactions''kidnapping''face to face''cordial''acknowledged''officialdom'

'daily''sightings''UFOs''too common'[ China /SE Asia]'bother to look''video''postings''business decisions''affected''costs''video sharing sites''escalate rapidly''stay equal to the volume''airplane routes''be altered''frequency''UFO''impacts''pilots''passengers'.

PopWar – India Subcontinent Theater

[ March ]'revolt''new power centers''officialdom''rough year(s)''war against cash/gold/populism''new years riots''police actions''turmoil''upheaval'[first half of 2017]'economy''adverse weather''floods''interrupting''political chaos''money crisis'[ February / March]

“the gold problem”'popular rebellion''new leadership''new political movements''war on the population by officialdom''currencies''capital controls''work visa stoppages USA''capital controls chaos'[ middle of February]“Indian capital controls chaos contagion”'echoing through banking'

'riots''economic discord''enclaves''smugglers''organizing''overcome''war against gold''raids''cross border excursions''irritate China''embolden Pakistan''complaints''raids''end abruptly''cadre''tax police''abscond''millions of dollars not rupis worth''seized gold''turn it into the government coffers''deserting tax police'

'anti-population gold war''smugglers''forge a political union''serious political problem'[ IndiaPop / Bank for International Settlements][ March through May 2017 ]

'political unions''fade away''dry up' [ Summer 2017 ]'evolving global bonds crisis'

PopWar – UK BlockWar

'explode''block war''house against house''blocks against blocks''street battles''clashing communities''religious war''taking over'

'BlockWar''police''round up''yield''hidden element''weapons smuggling''police''arrests''sweep area''southern port city''stumble over''weapons cache''height of stupidity''smugglers''left behind''gps map''route''cell phones''contact information''cell phones''belonged to officialdom''middle Eastern countries''diplomatic relations'.

'UK block war''sparking''migrants''established residents / immigrants''local police''established community members''embroiled in fist fight''smuggled migrants''draw local police attention''police members''smart thinking''pivotal''generation'[ 2020s - 2030 ]'decorated police members''rising to national power'


'Australian housing market''age''sad condition''impacts''monetary mistake''political turmoil / construction''international censure/criticism''corruption''political bribery'.

'seismic revealing of silver' [ northwest Australia]'seismic activity''continent cracking''many kilometers long crack''invisible''scans radar &C''altering aquifers''raising water levels''altering roadbeds'.

'Antarctica wealth boom''Antarctica discovery''open knowledge''corporations''stage for boom'.

'international connection''southern ocean'[ late 2017 ]'slowing''contraction''population shift''locals''foreigner invasion''engineered enclaves''little  contact''local populations''Australian banking system'[ not ]'funding''strains system''real estate''wonky''driving prices upward''Australian press coverage''deflationary event'[ late February - March ]'visibility'[ August 2017 ]

'banking system''developing hot spot''February currencies storms''dollar''local currencies''hot spots''energy blockages''once scratched, require continuous scratching''nerves are exhausted'.

'monetary currency base''secret revealed''as yet undiscovered silver and other metals''curious vein''land slip'.

'archaeology''deep caves''empty coast''functioning technology''hinted at''reports come out''remnants of an expedition''deep caves''cave systems''undiscovered''kilometers long''widely extensive''taken over by government'.

'real estate crisis''moving into political instability''corruption scandals''banks''real estate markets''herculean effort''repair the broken system (of real estate financing)''flight out of currencies''ChinaPop contagion''south''currencies flight''impacts''Australian dollar''confidence shaking''contagion lack of confidence''paper currencies''ChinaPop freak-outs and manias''counter flow''desperate''large amounts''wealth''real estate''obstacles to purchase''schemes''get RMB as it tries to flee ChinaPop'.

'remarkable timing''young fellows''face''currencies crisis'[ 2017 ]'blow-up expectations''can be done'.

'young men''courage''timing''contrarian''failed''jailed''RMB flight'.

'expeditions''staged in 2017''southern' [coastline of Australia ]'rumors''lid is clamped down''fears over what is found''money''huge potential''driving force''expeditions''real estate''small flushes''real estate markets''foreigners prepare expeditions'.

'old food poisoning''old historical food poisoning''current food poisoning''government lies''foods safety''international''imports''wide spread illnesses''viral''bacterial''Australian health landscape''years''put into new light''officialdom''public attention''private drones''food imports''delivered''alternative media''information''presented as suspect''ridiculed''mainstream propaganda media''retracted''pissed off''angry''ridicule''erroneous story''validated''believed'

'mainstream propaganda press''thrashing mainstream media''actual bashing''rubbishing (by words) online''thrashing funding sources''popular votes''media sources'.

'expansion of the planet''tear away'[ north west coast ]'tearing away''barren, rocky, isolated, uninhabited''precious metals''find''mine''mint''precious metals coins based economy''local region''affect (the national) monetary policy''earth slip land slide''long running earthquake fault under the nearby ocean'

'earth expansion events''earthquakes''underseas earthquakes'[ next 5/five years]'react''underseas changes''slow fashion''economy''funding''missing''vital local environmental change''underseas earthquakes''miss allocated resources /funding problems''coastal erosion costs''flooded'

'bad (extreme) weather''exceptional precipitation''coastal communities''inland towns''exceptional precipitation'

'changes building structures''torrents''wind driven''diagonal marks''building faces''local land features''freak-outs''power elites''weather conditions''problem''USA military deep state installations'

'extinction central''food crops''missing''climate related extinctions''collective psyche''money problems''formerly employed'[August 2017].


'humanity in renaissance''large discovery flexible mineral''power generation''new electrics''two discoveries''discovery''larger mass'flexible mineral'[ NW Canada ]'new electrics''pending renaissance'

'flexible mineral''find''canadian government''absolutely giddy''discovery''flexible minerals''economic boost'.


'special tobacco''fetish''conditions''yet another speculative mania''prices will soar''crash''chase for value''banking financial system''speed''hold together''flailing''failing'[ 2017 - 2019].

'currencies volatility''swirling''escalation''frantic flight from RMB''frantic face''ChinaPop contagion''panic''degrading RMB/Yuan''spreading''other populations''contagion / spread''paper currencies fear''Australian dollar'“Canadian dollar''British sterling''Euro''echoes''panic to flee''devaluations''slicing wealth''populations'

'maturation of currency crisis''reeling''cracking confidence''own currency''bitcoin''precious metals''physical metals shortages'[ end of January ]'temporal echoes'

'reflecting''currencies under pressure''attempts to get out of paper currencies''shortages''precious metals distribution system''videos''mule-ing /carrying precious metals''net the arbitrage'.

'gold crimes''capital controls crimes''evasion''DNA banks''investment trusts /collectives''trying to game the future with game DNA''clubs''store DNA''future Jurassic park-like''human DNA trusts'

'foreign entanglements''freaking out''western dollar empire''south Korea''business''shipping''new initiatives Australia / Southern Ocean''central American plan''southern Mexico''officialdom''fear scenarios''discovered to be  deeply involved in underground in southern Mexico'.

'full woo-woo''thousands''Star Trek / Star Wars''claims''releasing alien technology''pejorative''stop them'.

'global''planet wide''engineer'several dozen major projects''deep water energy projects''mega giga kilo joule''lights for a continent'


'extraordinary event'[southern Germany]'intelligence agencies''quest''intelligence agencies personnel''big dig''quest goal''nearly complete''new information''digging deep''confrontation''intelligence agencies with hardware and gear''digging''alerts''CERN security forces''incident''international disturbance'

'quest goal''energy devices''climate change''space exploration''confrontation''secret diggers''leading to arrests''shocking video''viral''exposure of the video'.

'more troubling''group of diggers''contacted''detained'[ far north east of Germany near sea' and border of Poland''mechanical approach''digging''inside a building as cover''very troubling''resultant conclusion''local authorities''public statements''science evidence''new electrics''announcements''underlying principles''new electrics''clandestine diggers''secret digging''not remain secret''two episodes''hole creators''officialdom''exposed to be digging' [ early Summer northern hemisphere] 'early Summer''local tourism''school outings''interrupted''displaced''officialdom diggers''authorities''recruitment efforts''media commercials'


'currencies in crisis''ambivalent Spring''spectacular days'[Summer]'financial system''terrible troubles''fears''dreaded currencies contagion'[late March into April ]

'financial terrible troubles'[ 20% ]'local currency''foreign (FX) trades/swaps''derivatives contagion''foreign (FX) trades/swaps''derivatives''local face''international crisis''developing global currencies crisis''shift the blame''unwise purchase''complex derivatives''foreign bank failures'.


'floods''ancient discoveries underground''underground discoveries''underwater discoveries''archaeology underground''floods''archaeology''coastal erosion''land slips''coastal hills''inland foot hills' [near very large natural lake ]''coast''lake shore''land slip''recent human construction''natural fault (slip) line''exist between types of clay''exposure''near instant discovery''cave-like inhabited holes''ruins'[ Summer northern hemisphere 2017 - very early 2018

'flood''devastation''rivers in the sky''atmospheric compression events''devastating''more constrained to single area''devastating floods''rivers of rain in the sky'

'gaps''gaping open''separating lands''devastating impact''rivers in the sky''gaps''separate streets''space too large to jump across'


'failure''Italian banks''failure of the Italian banking system''individual banks failing''failure of the banking system'[late January 2017]'nasty winter''earthquake''agony''banking system''suffering credit freeze''suffering government intervention''banking system''visible''failure''population''food prices'[ Winter - early Spring]

'food riots'[ Rome]'spill over into looting vatican archives'[ Fall or Winter northern hemisphere)


'silver / gold''giant funnel of silver''hat''preferred shape and size''silver'


'destruction''religious relics''heavy fighting''bombardments''falling''house of saud''flight of the princes''political heat''power structure''breaking up''miscalculated military moves''distracted powers-that-be'.


'official''awakening wave''western dollar-slaved populations''national effort''recall''replace''propaganda school text'

'political issue''rising up''fierce way'[ early 2017 ]'foreign H1B workers visas program''swept off the table'[ early February - early April ]'collision''foreign H1B workers visas''tax revolt''political outcry''spawning''trade wars''boycotts internal to USAPop''national campaign''take on big corporations''media wars''full battle rattle mode''technology boom'[outside USAPop][ cannot ]'compete''hiring talent'.'power shift''political system''coming unglued''bloody war''break out''both political parties''power shift''bringing out''victims''visible''new face''political fracturing''political
structure''upheaval''beyond experience''raids high profile organizations''screaming news on tv''opening salvo''political structure falling apart'.

'financial infrastructure''political fracturing wars''financial infrastructure''weapon''prize'[not]'going well''battle''attempted pushed out into USAPop''putsch''our enemies''badly timed''catastrophically managed''european meddlers''picked off''battles''money flows''altered''funds interdiction''foreign funds''stopped''local crises points''officialdom''foreign money attacks''local protests''pipelines''other  officialdom''same tactic''interdict foreign agitation funds'.

'woo-woo' [ Alaska ]'space alien woo-woo''unknown''officially denied''space''space aliens''ancient civilizations''north american continent wide impacts'[ Alaska]'pyramid(s)''two pyramids''undiscovered Alaska''having an impact''continent''visibility''Alaska
pyramids''center''nexus'[ UFO activity]

'nuclear power''failing pipes''leaking containers''inducing evacuations''disturbing''real estate markets''nuclear problems''New York''Carolinas''river problems''leaking''movement of people'.

[ January 9th ]'markets upended'[12 January ]'unleashing''media wars''markets upended''currencies crisis'

'weighting /weighted trajectory''downward arcing charts''felt''trading communities''overwhelming''punch in the gut''vomiting''passing out''bonds''derivatives''subjects''downward arcing charts'[ 7/seven month ]'bonds''derivatives''trader attentions''preoccupation'

'immediate' & 'long lasting''interest rates''kicked upward'[ late Summer northern hemisphere]'sudden spikes''mortgage interest rates''death spikes''death of local real estate markets'[ first half of 2017]'reduce to 10%' [a 90% loss]'value
of properties' [by mid 2018].

'bonds''derivatives''interest rates'[January - March ]'rates''public discussion''on-going political fracturing''rising rates''real estate''bust''both coasts''failing regional banks''dump holdings''cash velocity''banks''advertising discounts / losses) on property cash buyers'.

'cash buyers''real estate problems''west coast''repercussions''golden state''next California gold rush''woo-woo''real estate crashing''gold rush''new discoveries''old dirt''exciting aficionados''ancient Egyptian artifacts''embroiled''local california politics''fights over water''ancient pharaohic Egyptian artifacts''new understanding''new information''artifacts''surface'

'raucous fighting''water rights''access costs for housing''clearly falling Australian housing market''scandal''banksters caught corruption''California mortgages''fraudulent''Australian housing (mortgage) market''Australian housing /commercial''blow back''backlash''be claimed / blamed''mortgage industry problems'.

'woo-woo''visible''media wars''hidden horror to academia''claim intellectual power''waning rapidly''new facts emerge''real human history''media wars''fight over history''california pharaoh''media wars''war of facts vs consensus TPTB opinion''erupt''investment world''push for real facts''investment world''spill over''facts versus lies''push into secrecy of human origins''outbreaks of information into media wars''damage''academic accepted consensus of human history''media mouths''repudiation of fact''preserve  academic model''claimed''essential for correct functioning of society'

'media wars''7/seven month''attempted recovery''legacy media''corporation attacks''corporations''buy out''corrupt''kill off''co-opt''alt-media''money assault''new media kids''legacy media''wise up''desperate scramble''buy talent''new media''blitzing''rivals''clones''digital virtual clones''short lived''get what they have''clone''talents''corporation''power of the public''public backlash''bitch slap''corporation''revenues''cut in half''first month''public reaction''not survive'

'money assault on alt media''direct buy outs''wrap around''alt media''battle with money''legacy media''alt media''catch the flavor / zeitgeist''success''just around the corner''if they want it that much, I won't sell that cheap''alt media''money assault battle'[ Spring 2017 northern hemisphere ]'sales''properties intellectual''staggering sums of money''paid''get real''corporations' 'step into''new media space''legacy media''corporations try to buy alt-media''alt media''refuses''digested'.

'abysmal failures''legacy media''capture new minds''running national joke''passed around''alt
media space'

'media wars get bloody''power plays''guilt exposure''expanding attempt censorship''power battles', 'manipulation''hidden agendas''power struggles''shame' [most of 2017]  [ late August]

'media wars''new technologies''aiding the independent talent alt-media''technologies'[ Chicago / Summer ]'lake and canals''discovery /secrets revealed''space pictures''pictures from space'.

'collapse (of the) college/university system''financing students''investments (endowments)''student financing''banking crisis''credit freeze''blockages''university profits''major colleges''universities''rapid financial pressure''derivatives''colleges and universities''speculative investments''fail''endowments''curtailed''western currencies crisis of 2017'

'media wars''media wars battles''all consuming''pivotal''truth''discussed''illness' and 'visible distress (among the) ruling elite''awakening wave''dominating next decade and beyond''power elite personalities''caught on video''react to awakening population''politicians puking on broadcast tv''truth episodes''cathartic''population at large''surge''truth attacks''mega internet fabulous''reaction videos''truth ambush video'

'general awakening wave''real estate crash''bonds coming unbound''variable rate loans''subprime''banks in trouble'[ mid January onward ]'banking crisis''awakening experiences''new awareness of collusion and corruption''banking''political''upset''no shows''old economy sales patterns''debt reduction crisis''debt based money system''extreme pressures''behavior patterns''kept it alive last 40+ years''unforeseen''operate the system''changes''fundamentally
alter''power''population changes''behavior patterns''power shift''changes perception awareness shifts''re-enlistment into military''drastically reduced'.

[ Antarctica ]'The Discovery''enlistments''deliberate attempts''to be posted to The Discovery''ruling elites''control access for short period''entrepreneurially minded individuals''game the
system''enlistment into USA military''work''internet fabulous personalities''fabulous''expelled''publicity''viral videos''Patagonia scenery''compelling''revealing''sharp eyes''mega internet global fabulous''see on a distant shore''secrets revealed'.

'secrets revealed''difficulties''bad behavior''general population''planned''hyped''Trump inauguration''flop''wet noodle episode''hyped''legacy media''expectation''mass demonstrations''disappointed'.

'power shift''crisis mode''established deep state''officialdom''fears of exposure''taking hold''criminal crony class''moneyed elite'.

'power''awareness of failures of institutions''crashing institution supported life''contention over organizations and hidden agenda''awareness of the evils of power''awakening bloom''accelerate'[ January - mid March ]'false economy''rigged markets''extreme bizarre levels'.

'transition points''pivotal experiences''their generation(s)'[ next 15/fifteen years]'challenge''young USAPop''define themselves''energy''Ice Age''central focus''existential crisis'.

'political fracturing''political parties''unbound''corruption''pizzagate''American political parties'[ until 2025 ]'stability''political structures''constantly shifting alliances'

'corporations behaving badly''ebullient mood''infusing parts USAPop''layoffs''bad business decisions awareness''violent''currencies''debt markets'.

'reappraisal''state of America''power shift'[ Spring]'dramas''secrets revealed''drama''resistance to change'[ late August - September&++@ Spring 2018]'reformation''body politic''counter trends''social engineering''shocking''committed left''unrolling''removing of the blanket''mental constructs''created fantasies''assaulted''overturned''information''writings/speaking''ancient civilization''impacting' the 're-assessment''national& personal priorities''society in emotional/political chaos and personal angst/suffering''stood up''given backbone /good posture''secrets revealed''The Discovery in Antarctica'[multiple dedades]

'confusion', 'chaos', 'conundrums', 'collisions''confrontations''money''currencies''fixed on goals''social problems''overtaking daily chatter''control of spending''control of money/currencies''vital concern''deep state''dark
shadow world''sucking money''live and hide'.

[ 2017 through 2019 ]'secrets revealed''fundamentally''how we see ourselves''exposure''shadow state''underground world''currencies crisis''break-away civilization''exposure''money is traced''break-away civilization''forced to react'.

'crisis threatening exposure of the deep state / shadow state''dump the pedophile burden''outing''truth assault''pedophile burden''purged''government''social non government organizations /institutions''uncertainty''social order reappraised'.

'costs''currencies crisis'[ 2017 - 2018][ multiple decade]'impact'[ multiple generations ]'duration of impact''deeply divided political system''reeling''sudden change of direction''crashing ability to pay for fantasy'.

'purge''pipelines''pipes''public safety''ability to move fluids''gas' and 'oil''affected'[ not] 'blocked''expansion (of the) planet'. In specific sets
'fortuitous happenstance''video capture''young woman subject''expansion of the earth''video subject''video'[ viral]'mega internet fabulous'

'intense''disruptive'[ By Summer, ]'reeling''impacts''burst of selfawareness''forced upon''unwilling population''currencies crisis''personal wallet'.


'equities markets crash'.

'power''political power''power''unloosing of the reins''planned'[ January ]'expectation''wild gyrations''shares prices''pushed''major changes''fundamentals' 'real numbers', and 'reduced (fake) numbers' from 'government'.

'assault'[from]'Israel''clique''israel''in place''go active'[mid January.]'plotters''fast''wild''markets actions movements''causing major freak-outs''officialdom''officialdom freak-outs''officialdom (within) israel''freaking out''fingers pointing at them''leadership''israel''unaware''not sanctioning''sharp finger nails clique''sharp finger nails group''Z' [ zion ?]'Russia''China''quietly discuss aid to America' [behind ]'curtains''unknown''israel officialdom''israel officialdom''freak-out mode''pace of change''taken out of (their) hands' in mid January.

'rapid''rapid bursts''activity''frantic response'.

'hesitant', 'wary''faint''thin''meeting''crisis''insufficient to the moment''currencies crisis''crises''serial''currencies world''waking to new crisis each day''hatched overnight''remnants''the crisis of yesterday''bonds''derivatives'

'crises''currencies markets''UFO''increase''activity''sightings'
'cartels''attacked'[ 2017 / 2018 ]'cartels''international corporations''unknown''black projects world''flying space nazi economy''bonds''currencies crises''serial''attached pearls''peas in a pod''bonds''one long grinding, growing, growling crisis'[ into early March of 2018]

'new electrics''break through developments''central Asia''global electric power generation industry''trek
to mid central asia, dry environment, electricity research site''electrical generation innovation''central Asia''giant draw pull attractant''global electrical generation business''new, small gen-sets''put into use''breakthrough'[ 2017 ]'replication of results'.

'backward country''mostly rural herdsmen''central Asia''inception point''mini-generators''changingthe world''crystal based distribution technology''power generation''mini-generators''small machine''generation of sufficient electrical power''household''small village''transported on sheep/goat'.'while it is running''constant''turned on''end-of-cycle''over 10 years''alterations to humanity''small hot bricks'.

'energy complex''volatile''oil prices''electricity'[ late August 2017]'seismic activity''rising energy costs''north America'.

'earthquakes''damages''infrastructure''rising energy price' [north America]'off-trend''energy''gasoline''diesel fuel'.

'global currencies crashing''stable currencies''convertible currencies''currencies crash''kick off''currencies deflation episode'[ mid February - March / April ]'currencies crisis'[ May 2017].

'energy research''commercial boom''antarctica''The Discovery''emigration''wealth''biggest commercial boom in history''wealth'[not]'money''gold''precious metals''precious technology''first goals''discovered energy''self renewing''perpetual''initial costs of construction''very minimal maintenance''return multiplier''orders of magnitude'.

'currencies crisis''global''credit freeze''contagion''Italian banks''demand notes''interest rates''proffered collateral not collected /foreclosed''government interference''military sub contractor extreme emotional tension''visible'[ late winter northern hemisphere - Spring]'freak-out''trial balloon''massive wave  military base closings''outside'

'derivatives nightmare''envelope''global western retirement systems''black projects''hidden technologies''swap''attempt''rescue''proposed''too little, far far too late''failure''derivatives''continue''proposed solution''floated''change conditions''slowly reacting feet''institutional investor cohort''crisis'

'digital frameworks''threads''millions of valleys'[Pan-Eurasia/ China]'embracing''welcoming''awaited''restorative''invigorating''innovation wave'

'DIY Biology bloom''coastal /island states Asia''wave of innovation moving inland'[2017-late 2030's Asia]'Oceania''pacific island nations'

'bitcoin''$1000 and beyond''price movements of the precious metals''bitcoin''silver''bitcoin''lead mode''precious metals''race to catch up''gold'[ $3200 USD].

'great (giant/titan) battle''control of the silver price''diverging globally''premiums''delta'[over $100 USD]'global difference''in-the-hand delivered price' 'silver''price rise''coincident''announcements''base scientific math''new electrics''fundamental change''relationship''electricity''new relationship''efficiency''new approaches to using electricity in daily life''flying' and 'floating cars/ships' (anti-gravity), and 'pollution
free propulsion''pollution''space''propulsion''trans-pulse computers''virtual string (wire)''computing nodes''string attenuates galactic level''thought-pulses''technology''large /encompassing''draw in nearly one-quarter of humanity''silver''diet''silver''thought-pulses machine industry''profitable'

'profit''intelligence /creative capital''wealth''changing humanity''pulse-thought computers''trans-humanism''fading away''organized religions'[ CERN ]'causing earthquakes''supplanted''overtaken /obsolete)''obsolete''thought-pulse machinery or technology''new computing paradigm''spring boarding other technologies'

'forces''constrain''limit''renaissance'[since 2000]'constraining force'[ weakening]'natural exuberance''bursting into consciousness''developing /manifesting
renaissance human thought / technologies'.

'break-out''consciousness /visibility''thousands new technologies''fundamental breakthroughs''powering humanity'[ for centuries]'new forms''energy''motive'[not]'electrical /biological / mechanical''secrets''officially denied''unknown'

'Bitcoin''dedicated''getting bitcoin''smug expressions''satisfied Bitcoin smiling face''satisfaction of owning bitcoin smile''New Year''officially welcomed'
[ January 25 -27]

'strange attractors''bitcoin'[ $888, $1088, $1448 ]'withdrawal of cash''currencies crisis'

'happy bitcoin face''global happy face''bitcoin futures''shifted to Asia'.

'silver''price of bitcoin'[ near $1000 USD ]'connection''silver gaps up'

'first cough''get the lungs started''backfire noise''announces the engine starting''dollar'[ March]'platform''springboard''gold''color''solid gold''golden times''golden light'

'gold resurgence''discussions (in/with) public''new global gold standard''fantastic technological new use''gold''nearly faint''idea''gold being consumed in technologies'.

'mental shift''gold''money''markets actions''bonding emotionally to gold'

[early February]'flash crash''3000''wiped out''recovered''minutes''banning cash''making paper worthless''gold''silver''mining businesses''bust out''mining businesses''north america''intense competition'

'gold fever''population''prospecting''mining''gold''no gold ever been found here''gold fever''currencies crisis''paper currencies prices''gold''silver''astonishing''emotionally scar''generations'.

'bitcoin''deliberate''Chinese officialdom''extend rapidly''access routes''planned, paid for, and supplied by''bitcoin nation''spring up''one billion people''push the billion population''successful gamble''the dragon that  Chinese authorities must ride''bitcoin''explode'[ next '2/two years']'new network''pushed throughout railroad lines''Pan-Eurasian bitcoin nation''steady persistent increasing value''bitcoin via phone transactions''high speed (fiber optic) bitcoin mining''bitcoin to be 80808 RMB'

'grow buildings''food crops''grown under lights''closed environment conditions''planned''under construction'[next 4/four years]'bitcoin mining''heat produced''grow buildings''operation'

'reaction''developing Ice Age''creativity''experiments''food production''energy production''participants'


'planet Mars''Mars''officialdom freak-out''civilian Mars expedition''created and funded'[individual ]'take down banks''smart currency trades'[PATRON]'humans (back) to Mars'.

'officialdom freak-out''rumors''they fired back''Mars launches rocket to earth''Mars rock''meteor''Hawaii''Kona''personalities''global visibility''Mars focus''decades long'

'great discoveries''searchers''greatly famous''secrets revealed'[2017 through 2022]'compulsive researchers''swept along''global fame''revealed secrets' over 2017.

'Nummo''development''liquid copper machine''provide power''motion''travel between the stars''liquid copper engine''two horns''liquid copper disk''mathematics''science break through'[late 2018]'mini-generators''new electrics''central Asia'

'antarctica''precious technology''energy''energy production''distribution''ways''means''new''modern earth''primary prize''pending invasion''Antarctica'.

'invasion''descending''archaeology boom''leaks'

'fleets''airplanes''ships''bivouac on the coast''international contention''incidents''scientific skirmishes''excavation''ancient civilization''half a million years''facts''speculative thinking''press conferences'

'Creeping electricity''energy distribution''electricity''unknown''not yet understood''power''distribution system''hundreds'[ new technologies ]'creeping electricity''walls''delivery point'.

'The Discovery''disc''flying disc''UFO''flying Nazi Antarctica economy''economy''economic''precious technologies''wealth economic boom''seismic activity''earthquakes''forcing out inhabitants''preserves''warm air preserves''discovered''deep in the ice''visible'[ 2018]'secrets revealed''distribution''knowledge of The Discovery)'[ mid 2018].

'radiation''shield''anti-space-alien''protection''created''deliberate radiation releases''shield around the northern hemisphere''deliberate releases''globe encircling radiation'

'independent Mars photo observer community''focus in upon''undeniable intelligence''communications''writing''numbers''symbols''clear intent''online community''Mars photo hunters''collaboration''amperage''frequency''distant space exploration''speculation''martian to alien (us) first contact'.

'new personalities''rising''space industry''uncloak''cadre''entrepreneurs''uncloaking''new ethos''new focus''serious woo-woo''new physics''temporal dynamism''time as energy'.

'energy''over-turned''new science of field dynamics'

'space alien cruise ship fly by''holiday''festive''local excursion'

'Crime of the Century''ray gun''robbery''crime''viral news''criminals''advanced technology''steal unknown material''ray gun''exposed''crime of carrying off''unknown mass'

'new stuff''new stuff''new technologies''new materials''new theories''new math''innovation wave''fields''field dynamics''field energy''underlying''base technology''announcements''littering'[2017]'one after another''new mathematics''unveiled'.

'new (field energy dynamics) math''field dynamics''field energy dynamics''surface dirt''surface (effect) noise''field effect devices'

'field effect noise''big hurdles''field technologies''rolled out''dynamic energy fields''jobs''released innovations''new devices''immediate'

'new sciences''new technologies''public awareness'[ next 4/four years ]'devastating wars''the Muslim sects''eruption''new technologies''education'
'THE planetary meme'[next 20/twenty plus years]'intense fighting Muslim holy sites''eruption of knowledge''seeds''The Great Reformation''transforming''Islamic world''destruction of the Past'

'death of religion''The Antarctica Discovery''new technologies''economic boom period'[ May 2017 onward ][ February 2018 ] 'facts''proscribed /forbidden practices''religions''hoard''trove''knowledge''transform humanity'[ next '4'/four decades and beyond]'we got it wrong''wave of reformation''revision''human thought /understanding''origins''history''reset'[“The Discovery”]

'battle''how much''if''when''information''released''arguing''discord''wasted time''individuals''take it upon themselves''awaken humanity' [“The Discovery”].

[ Antarctica ]'discovery''religious charities''donations''down to less than 10%''usual levels''large impacts'[ fade rapidly by early 2019 ]'shutting''closing''private religious charities'

'scientologists''claim''proof''belief system'[ 2/two months]'fatal back pressure''further details''proscribed practices''death rattle''scientology''organized delusion''profit center''scientologists hard core''fighting to retain pennies''tsunami''lawsuits''western world'.

'religion''curtailed'[ Antarctica ]'information''eating habits /traditions''shocking information''destroy Japanese appetite for whale flesh''wave''suicides''new knowledge''food choices''radically altered'[ The Discovery ]'long look back'

'human history''casting humans in a new light''break down of paradigms''constrain''corral human awareness'.

'integrate''new global knowledge''world view''failing religion''waning'.

'CERN''death of religion''religion that dies''CERN''cracks''earthquake''actual earthquake''currencies earthquakes''cave-in (crashing or crushing-inward)'
'largest machine on the planet''unknown purpose'[ CERN ] 'pinged''tickled''installation' [@ Antarctica ] 'boundaries''impinging'[ on CERN ]'noticed'.

'space aliens''other dimensional beings''minor riff''context change symphony''release''stored (hidden) information''space aliens''humanity origins'


[ Conclusion: Tainted vision clearly seen ]

'intensifying''driving humanity forward'

'Sci-fi World'

'step''leap''near edges'.


'new vision forward'.
'extortion release''space alien disclosure'

[ TPTB ]'desperate''when things (will) happen''power minions''beside themselves (with) worry''not being in the game''matures''revealing themselves''had to win''would win''had won''not matter''revealed'.

'deal''rewards''new technological leap forward for all humans''scary threats'

'disclosure of ancient civilization''presentation''good things'

'fear''space aliens''Antarctica'

How to speed up your internet SPEED 10000x faster - Boost WiFi speed (802 n-mode )

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Double or Triple Your Internet Speed - This Method Actually Works!

GMO Corn vs Isogenic :

An integrated multi-omics analysis of the NK603 Roundup-tolerant GM maize reveals metabolism disturbances caused by the transformation process

Robin Mesnage, et al.

"Glyphosate tolerant genetically modified (GM) maize NK603 was assessed as "substantially equivalent" to its isogenic counterpart by a nutrient composition analysis in order to be granted market approval. We have applied contemporary in depth molecular profiling methods of NK603 maize kernels (sprayed or unsprayed with Roundup) and the isogenic corn to reassess its substantial equivalence status. Proteome profiles of the maize kernels revealed alterations in the levels of enzymes of glycolysis and TCA cycle pathways, which were reflective of an imbalance in energy metabolism. Changes in proteins and metabolites of glutathione metabolism were indicative of increased oxidative stress. The most pronounced metabolome differences between NK603 and its isogenic counterpart consisted of an increase in polyamines including N-acetyl-cadaverine (2.9-fold), N-acetylputrescine (1.8-fold), putrescine (2.7-fold) and cadaverine (28-fold), which depending on context can be either protective or a cause of toxicity. Our molecular profiling results show that NK603 and its isogenic control are not substantially equivalent.

Plagiarism, the lowest form of Flattery, or : I've arrived !


Comparison of Fontani-Costa-Orna Book and Nelson Book
By Steven B. Krivit,

Publisher and Senior Editor, New Energy Times
Published Dec. 20, 2016

In 2014, Oxford University Press published a book written by Marco Fontani, Mariagrazia Costa and Mary Virginia Orna, and edited by Jeremy Lewis, called The Lost Elements: The Periodic Table’s Shadow Side. Fontani and Costa are chemists at the University of Florence, Italy. Orna is a professor of chemistry at the College of New Rochelle, New York.

The 530-page book is an eloquent, interesting description of supposed discoveries of new elements which turned out to be illusory. The dust jacket reads, "Throughout its formation, the periodic table of elements has seen false entries, good-faith errors, retractions and dead ends. In fact, there have been more falsely proclaimed elemental discoveries throughout history than there are elements on the table as we know it today."

The book contains a 33-page section called "Modern Alchemy: The Dream to Transmute the Elements Has Always Been With Us." This section is primarily about elemental transmutation research that took place in the 1910s and 1920s. The authors also briefly discuss modern science experiments in the field of low-energy nuclear reaction (LENR) research.

When I learned about the Lost Elements book, I had just completed the manuscript for my book Lost History: Explorations in Nuclear Research, Vol. 3. Lost History describes the elemental transmutation research that took place in the 1910s and 1920s.

By 1930, the research from the previous two decades had largely been dismissed as errors and mistakes. However, very few confirmed errors or mistakes were ever identified. The reason the research was dismissed was that the results were not theoretically understood and the experiments were difficult to repeat. Consequently, the research was omitted from subsequent scientific reference material.

Another Author

News of this forgotten body of research didn't resurface until the 1980s, when a researcher and author named Robert Nelson spent many days poring through Chemical Abstracts at the University of California, Berkeley. Nelson suspected that the research had merit, and a chapter in my book discusses Nelson and his quest.

In the mid-1980s, Nelson began self-publishing his research findings in a book called Adept Alchemy. Nelson appears to be the only person who has found and documented this body of lost research — at least in the English-language — since the 1930s.

In 2012, I began writing my book Hacking the Atom: Explorations in Nuclear Research, Vol. 1, describing nuclear transmutation work performed during 1990-2015. At that time, I was aware of only a fraction of the 1910s and 1920s research. As I began checking that research, I found Nelson's book and discovered, through his work, that a substantial additional body of important scientific history existed.

I decided that it was of sufficient scope and importance to merit its own book, and this led to my critical analysis of that research and writing of my book Lost History. Although I have done my own research and investigation for Lost History, Nelson provided the road map for me as well as many of the bibliographical references that led me to the original scientific papers.

Another Book

In August 2015, one of my editors was checking facts and brought Fontani's book, Lost Elements, to my attention. I was surprised to learn that Lost Elements broadly (but superficially) discussed most of the transmutation experiments that took place in the 1910s and 1920s. I assumed that Fontani, Costa and Orna had performed their own research, analysis, and writing. The book is well-written and appears to be a scholarly reference.

I noticed that some of the facts in the Fontani-Costa-Orna book conflicted with facts I obtained from my own investigation. I began to check references that the authors had cited. Rather quickly, I ascertained that Fontani, Costa and Orna apparently had not performed their own research, analysis or writing for that section of their book.

The structure of the Fontani-Costa-Orna "Modern Alchemy" section not only mirrors the scope of coverage in Nelson's book, it also duplicates, without attribution, many complete sentences and paragraphs; some with tiny changes and others verbatim duplications without attribution. The authors knew of Nelson's book. In their "Modern Alchemy" section, they provide more than 100 references to sources. Yet despite directly copying an abundance of Nelson's text without attribution, they cite Nelson's 1998 book as one of their sources. They also list his book in their bibliography, and they say nothing more about Nelson.

The Same Text

Within a few pages, the pattern became clear to me. When Fontani, Costa and Orna discussed specific technical details of the 1910s and 1920s research, they copied text directly from Nelson without giving him any credit.

I did a few spot checks further into the "Modern Alchemy" section. Not only did I find that the plagiarism in this section recurred, but I also found that the authors made strategic omissions and changes in the descriptions they appropriated from Nelson in order to bolster their thesis that all of these reported transmutations were invalid. In some cases, Fontani, Costa and Orna made statements that appear to be incorrect, though they are not fully to blame; some of these errors were in the original Nelson text.

The Fontani-Costa-Orna book was produced with the financial support of Ente Cassa di Risparmio di Firenze. In the acknowledgments, the authors cite assistance from people at the University of Siena, the University of Florence, the University of Illinois, Oregon State University, the Italian Chemical Society, the Committee of the International Congress of History of Chemistry, the Italian Society for the Advancement of Science, the Tokyo Institute of Technology, the Japan Isotopes Data Institute, the Chemical Heritage Foundation, the American Chemical Society, and the Institute for Chemicals and Fuels from Alternative Sources (Canada), among others. The authors even acknowledged people who assisted with the book but who have since died.

The authors give a special thanks to Peter van der Krogt, "who published the specialized Web page dedicated to the chemical elements and their history." Yet among the more than 100 named individuals, the authors did not acknowledge Robert Nelson, nor did Fontani, Costa and Orna identify any assistants who did research and writing on their behalf. I do not know whether all three authors were involved in the plagiarism. I have not examined other sections of the book for similar problems.

Nelson's Work

Nelson, on the other hand, was meticulous in citing his sources. He was professionally trained as paralegal who specialized in contracts and his expertise is evident in his citations of sources. His precise bibliography made it very easy for me to conduct my own research.

Fontani, Costa and Orna wrote in the acknowledgments that an Italian version of their book was published in 2009 by the Italian Chemical Society. That 544-page book is De Reditu Eorum: Sulle Tracce Degli Elementi Scomparsi, [On Their Return: On the Trail of the Missing Elements], by Marco Fontani and Mariagrazia Costa.

Nelson appears to have self-published his print version of Adept Alchemy in 1998. Not only do Fontani, Costa and Orna cite Nelson's book, his book is also cited by Mark Morrisson in Modern Alchemy, published by Oxford University Press. Nelson's book is cited, but not dated, in Joseph Farrell's self-published 2009 book Philosopher's Stone. In 1998, Nexus magazine published one of Nelson's chapters, "The Transmutation of Mercury Into Gold," in its Oct.-Nov. issue.

Nelson registered the domain name for his Web site in 2000, and at some point, perhaps in 2005 (but certainly no later than May 2006), published an Internet version of his book at the address

According to the Internet Archive (, Nelson's book was online by May 10, 2006. Nelson has graciously given me permission to upload a copy (PDF) of his book to the New Energy Times Web site.

Insidious Changes

I began my review of the Fontani-Costa-Orna book on page 451 and examined the next three pages in detail. Once I saw the pattern of blatant plagiarism, I only made spot checks on pages 461, 468 and 476. Each of those three pages showed the same pattern of plagiarism and I did not feel the need to check any other pages.

Fontani, Costa and Orna also made several insidious changes that distort and misrepresent this history. The first one I noticed was on page 451 of their book. They discuss the work of chemists Gerald Wendt and Clarence Irion at the University of Chicago.

Fontani, Costa and Orna wrote two sentences about Wendt and Irion without citing sources: 1) "Their work was viewed with suspicion at the time and, today, cognizant physicists have commented that their experimental design was faulty" and 2) "The harsh criticism of Harkins and Allison was a hard blow for Wendt, one that eventually interrupted his research activities."

Although Fontani, Costa and Orna borrowed ample text from Nelson on this page, they omitted Nelson's quote of Wendt which gives the actual reason for his and Irion's termination of the work: "The work was stopped by the failure of the health of the senior author."

Nelson, in turn, had quoted (and cited) Wendt from a primary source. The Wendt/Irion paper published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, and footnote 8, page 1893 reads: "The work was stopped by the failure of the health of the senior author, necessitating a complete rest for a year or more."

On Sept. 9, 2015, before I had any idea about the plagiarism, I sent an e-mail to Fontani and asked him for his sources on the uncited statements above. Fontani replied the following day with a secondary source that was published 73 years after the fact: "We consulted the original papers of the persons you mention in your email, and we also consulted several secondary sources, listed below: Le bugie della Scienza. Perché e come gli scienziati imbrogliano by Federico Di Trocchio (1995), Genio incompreso by Federico Di Trocchio (1996)"

That's when I began to examine the Fontani-Costa-Orna text more closely and found the duplications. On Fontani, Costa and Orna's page 468, which is significantly borrowed, I found another insidious change on the topic of unexplained production of neon and helium in vacuum tubes.

Here is Nelson's original text: "... neon in vacuum tubes. The matter has not been resolved. The first such report ... "

Here is the changed Fontani, Costa and Orna text: "... neon in vacuum tubes. Eventually, when the phenomena could not be reliably reproduced, most scientists concluded that the results were due to contamination. The first report ... "

I published this report on New Energy Times on Dec. 20, 2016. At that time, I notified Fontani, Costa, Orna, Nelson, the Oxford University Press office in the U.K. Lewis, the OUP editor in the U.S., and Nobel Prize winner Roald Hoffman, who wrote the preface to Lost Elements.

Examination of the Fontani-Costa-Orna Book

Fontani-Costa-Orna, p. 451
Source for first highlighted paragraph on Fontani-Costa-Orna p. 451
Source for next highlighted paragraphs on Fontani-Costa-Orna p. 451

Fontani-Costa-Orna, p. 453
Source for first highlighted paragraphs on p. 453
Source for next highlighted paragraphs on p. 453

Fontani-Costa-Orna, p. 454
Source for first highlighted paragraphs on p. 454
Source for next highlighted paragraphs on p. 454

Fontani-Costa-Orna, p. 461
Source for first highlighted paragraph on p. 461
Source for next highlighted paragraphs on p. 461

Fontani-Costa-Orna, p. 468
Source for next highlighted paragraphs on p. 468

Fontani-Costa-Orna, p. 476
Source for next highlighted paragraphs on p. 476

Fontani-Costa-Orna Sections

Not only was text copied, but the structure was largely copied as well. The Fontani-Costa-Orna book "Modern Alchemy" section mirrors the all the topics in the Nelson book Part II section except Nelson's chapter on carbon.

Nelson Part II Original Chapters

Chapter 1 Transmutation of Silver [to Gold]
Chapter 2 Transmutation of Ores
Chapter 3 Transmutation of Carbon
Chapter 4 Decomposition of Tungsten
Chapter 5 Transmutation of Lead [to Mercury and Thallium]
Chapter 6 Transmutation of Hydrogen, [Helium and Neon]
Chapter 7 Transmutation of Mercury [to Gold]
Chapter 8 Biological Transmutation
Chapter 9 Cold Fusion

Fontani-Costa-Orna Mirrored Sections

VII.1. A Piece of Research Gone up in Smoke: Decomposition of Tungsten into Helium
VII.2. Transmutations of Mercury into Gold
VII.3. Transmutations of Silver into Gold
VII.4. Transmutation of Ores
VII.5. Other Transmutations
VII.6. Biological Transmutation
VII.7. The Transmutation of Hydrogen into Helium and Neon
VII.8. Radiochemistry: a Child of Both Physics and Chemistry
VII.9. Transmutation of Lead into Mercury
VII.10. Some like It "Cold"
VII.11. Is Cold Fusion Hot Again?

Lost History : The Forgotten Story of Chemical Transmutations

Explorations in Nuclear Research, Vol. 3


Steven B. Krivit

Steven B. Krivit's Explorations in Nuclear Research three-book series describes the emergence of a new field of science, one that bridges chemistry and physics. The books give readers an understanding of low-energy nuclear reaction (LENR) research and its history and provide a rare behind-the-scenes look at the players and personalities involved.

Lost History, written for scientists and science historians, covers the period from 1912 to 1927, and explores the story of forgotten chemical transmutation research, a precursor to modern low-energy nuclear reactions (LENR) research. The book tells the story of century-old research that has been absent from the  scientific dialogue for a hundred years — research that is surprisingly similar to events in the modern era.

In the formative years of atomic science in the early 20th century, at the same time that Niels Bohr introduced his model of the atom, and when nuclear science belonged to chemists and physicists alike, some scientists reported inexplicable experimental evidence of elemental transmutations. Papers were published in the top scientific journals of the day, including Physical Review, Science and Nature.

Prominent scientists around the world participated in the research. The research was reported in popular newspapers and magazines, such as the New York Times and Scientific American. The book relies heavily on published journal papers.

The experiments, using relatively simple, low-energy benchtop apparatus, did not use radioactive sources, so the results defied prevailing theory. This, coupled with the fact that the experiments were not easily repeated, caused most scientists by 1930 to dismiss the entire body of research as a mistake.

This history of research was omitted from historical references — until now. With the benefit of hindsight, and in light of modern low-energy nuclear research (LENR) and theory, this lost history, after a 60-year hiatus, is told here for the first time. Lost History is the first book that provides critical analyses of the original published scientific papers of the transmutation experiments performed between 1912 and 1927. This book reveals the fascinating story of these experiments and provides significant insights about our understanding of the history of physics, chemistry and nuclear science.

Lost History chronicles the following events that have been either forgotten or misreported:

From 1912 to 1914, several independent researchers detected the production of noble gases: helium-4, neon, argon, and an as-yet-unidentified element of mass-3, which we now identify as tritium. Two of these researchers were Nobel laureates.

In 1922, two chemists at the University of Chicago created helium using the exploding electrical conductor method.

In 1924, a German scientist accidentally found gold and possibly platinum in the residue of mercury vapor lamps that he had been using for photography.

In 1925, scientists in Amsterdam carried out a similar experiment, but starting with lead, and observed the production of mercury and the rare element thallium.

In 1925, a prominent Japanese scientist, in a related experiment, reported the production of gold and another metal that was later identified as platinum.

In 1926, two German chemists pumped hydrogen gas into a chamber with finely divided palladium powder and reported the transmutation of hydrogen into helium. One of them later tried to dismiss the results, but he was never able to completely explain the data as a mistake.

Contrary to nearly all accounts that credit physicist Ernest Rutherford with the first nuclear transmutation — of nitrogen to oxygen — the credit belongs in fact to a research fellow who was working under Rutherford.

A controversial new gravity hypothesis has passed its first test
Einstein might have been wrong.


A controversial new hypothesis that suggests our understanding of gravity is wrong has just passed an important first test.

First proposed back in 2010, the new hypothesis states that gravity might behave and arise very differently than Einstein predicted, and an independent study of more than 30,000 galaxies has now found the first evidence to back this up.

The hypothesis is referred to as 'Verlinde's hypothesis of gravity' after the theoretical physicist who came up with it, Erik Verlinde from the University of Amsterdam. If it can stand up to further testing, it could completely overhaul over a century of physics - including getting rid of dark matter altogether. 

Verlinde's approach, on the other hand, says we don't need dark matter at all, we just need to rethink gravity.

As we described back in November:

"His suggestion is that gravity isn't a fundamental force of nature at all, but rather an emergent phenomenon - just like temperature is an emergent phenomenon that arises from the movement of microscopic particles.

In other words, gravity is a side effect, not the cause, of what's happening in the Universe."

First test of Verlinde's theory of Emergent Gravity using Weak Gravitational Lensing measurements
Margot M. Brouwer, et al.

Verlinde (2016) proposed that the observed excess gravity in galaxies and clusters is the consequence of Emergent Gravity (EG). In this theory the standard gravitational laws are modified on galactic and larger scales due to the displacement of dark energy by baryonic matter. EG gives an estimate of the excess gravity (described as an apparent dark matter density) in terms of the baryonic mass distribution and the Hubble parameter. In this work we present the first test of EG using weak gravitational lensing, within the regime of validity of the current model. Although there is no direct description of lensing and cosmology in EG yet, we can make a reasonable estimate of the expected lensing signal of low redshift galaxies by assuming a background LambdaCDM cosmology. We measure the (apparent) average surface mass density profiles of 33,613 isolated central galaxies, and compare them to those predicted by EG based on the galaxies' baryonic masses. To this end we employ the ~180 square degrees overlap of the Kilo-Degree Survey (KiDS) with the spectroscopic Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey. We find that the prediction from EG, despite requiring no free parameters, is in good agreement with the observed galaxy-galaxy lensing profiles in four different stellar mass bins. Although this performance is remarkable, this study is only a first step. Further advancements on both the theoretical framework and observational tests of EG are needed before it can be considered a fully developed and solidly tested theory.

This animated map shows every single earthquake in the past 15 years

This animated map created from the NOAA, NWS, and PTWC shows every recorded earthquake in chronological order from January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2015. The size of the circle shows the magnitude of the earthquakes in relation to each other. The color represents the earthquake depth.

Defy Age Using a 3600 year old Face Cream Rcipe with a Deadly Ingrdient

Stanley Jacobs has been fascinated with ancient Egypt for as long as he can recall, but his obsession with one particular passage in one particular document started a little over 15 years ago. At an annual meeting of Egyptology enthusiasts, he hunted down, on the recommendation of a patient, an ancient Egyptian text about surgery known as the Edwin Smith Papyrus.

This document is “one of the two most important medical texts from ancient Egypt,” according to Egyptologist James Allen, and the case studies it contains date back 5,000 years, to the time when Egypt’s great pyramids were built. It’s one of the oldest records of surgery in the entire world, and when Jacobs first read through, he was impressed.

A plastic surgeon himself, he found that most of the cases were about “really good reconstruction after traumatic injury, of the nose, the neck, the spinal cord,” and that its techniques were surprisingly well thought out for a millennia-old book. What really intrigued him, though, was a recipe at the back of the
book, titled “Transforming an Old Man Into a Youth.”

This section of the papyrus is a long and complicated set of instructions for making what is, essentially, a face cream. The original translator of the papyrus, the Egyptologist James Breasted, hadn’t been much impressed by it, writing that the recipe “proves to be nothing more than a face paste believed to be efficacious in removing wrinkles.”

As a doctor who spends a lot of time thinking about skin, beauty, and age, though, Jacobs wasn’t so quick to discount it. “I realized that if they’re that serious about their surgical treatments, they’re probably serious about this,” he says.

Jacobs wanted to try this recipe out himself, but when he examined the recipe, he ran into a problem. The key ingredient was “hemayet-fruit,” and he had no inkling of what that might be...

To Jacobs, the recipe for transforming a man to a youth did seem to involve some serious science. The key ingredient, hemayet, is subjected to a complicated series of manual and chemical procedures—husked, winnowed, sifted, boiled in water, dried, washed, ground, and boiled again. As much as a recipe, it looked like a set of chemistry instructions.

The first translation of hemayet he found, though, identified it as fenugreek, which didn’t make sense to Jacobs. Fenugreek is a wispy plant, its seeds easily harvested: it wouldn’t have needed to be winnowed and boiled so aggressively. But no one seemed to know what else it might be. Jacobs started calling
Egyptologist after Egyptologist, asking if they knew what this word might mean, and no one did. Finally, about eight years after he first became curious about the recipe, someone directed him to Allen, who in 2005 had published a new translation of the papyrus.

Allen had an answer, based on the work of an earlier scholar, more experienced than the one who had guessed fenugreek. Hemayet was bitter almonds...

But once Jacobs and his colleagues processed the nuts, just as the papyrus instructed, they found that all that washing leached the poisonous compounds from the almonds. The bitterness leaving, Jacobs says, meant the poison was gone, too.

After the transformation, one of the compounds produced from the nuts was mandalic acid. For a dermatologist, this compound, a known extract of bitter almonds, would already have been familiar — starting just a few years before Jacobs got interested in the papyrus, dermatologists had started testing it as a treatment for acne and other skin problems. For Jacobs, it was a revelation: since first discovering the secret of hemayet, he has developed a patented formula for mandalic acid-based skin care products and written about his quest in a forthcoming book, Nefertiti’s Secret...

Dr. Stanley Jacobs' Ancient Egypt-Inspired Skin Care Line Received a Patent in October

After studying the 3,600-year-old Edwin Smith Papyrus, San Francisco plastic surgeon Dr. Stanley Jacobs blended modern technology with ancient knowledge to revitalize an ancient serum for youthful skin

Long fascinated by aesthetics, Ancient Egyptian culture, and medicine, San Francisco plastic surgeon Dr. Stanley Jacobs combined his passions into a singular, eight-year endeavor that ultimately resulted in the creation of a unique skin care line and securing a patent awarded in October 2016.

The process began when Dr. Jacobs noticed a section titled "Transforming an old man into a youth" in the famous Edwin Smith Papyrus, a scroll considered to be the world's oldest document exploring the subject of surgery. The hieratic script revealed a formula for facial rejuvenation, though one ingredient -- "hemayet" -- proved to be a puzzle. Dr. Jacobs worked with other experts to determine that hemayet referred to a substance made from bitter almonds, today known as mandelic acid.

This discovery formed the foundation of the Stanley Jacobs MD® Skin Care line, anchored by Visco-elastic Transforming Serum and further developed to include the Visco-elastic Transforming Creme and Transforming Synergy Peel. Dr. Jacobs worked with Jules Zecchino, a chemist formerly of Estee Lauder, to create the

In November 2013, a patent was filed for a "tritightening skin care formulation" comprised of "at least one hydrophilic polymer, at least one desquamatory agent and alpha hydroxyl acid." The patent -- number 9,474,708 -- was granted on Oct. 25, 2016.

Research and testing included measurements of skin elasticity before, during, and after treatments, made by a Cutometer™. This vacuum-powered German device pulls up skin and measures how far it stretches, then releases it and measures the rate at which it returns to its pre-pulled state. Results of clinical trials showed that applying the three products to skin yielded a 43 percent increase in elasticity.

Improved elasticity reduces lines and wrinkles. Mandelic acid can also even out pigmentation and minimize skin breakouts...

To learn more about Stanley Jacobs MD Skin Care®, visit

Tritightening skin care formulation


The present invention provides for a formulation comprising: at least one hydrophilic polymer, at least one desquamatory agent and alpha hydroxyl acid.


[0006] In another embodiment, the hydrophilic polymer is selected from a group consisting essentially of polyglutamic acid (PGA), crosslinked polyglutamic acid, crosslinked hyaluronic acid, cross-linked poly lactic acid, and combination and mixtures thereof.

[0007] In yet another embodiment, the desquamatory agent is selected from a group consisting essentially of N-acetyl glucosamine (NAG), glucosamine, glucosamine hydrochloride and combination and mixtures thereof.

[0008] In still another embodiment, the alpha hydroxyl acid is mandelic acid.

[0009] In still yet another embodiment, the formulation further comprises water...


Phase:  Ingredients:  Percentage:

A  Water  58.100
Mega Moist  0.500
N-Acetyl D-Glucosamine  4.000
Mandelic Acid  0.500Ritaloe 1 X  1.000
Citric Acid  0.100
Sodium Citrate  0.300
B  Alcohol  35.000
Phenoyxethanol  0.500
Total Percentage:    100.000

Example 2
Tri-Tightening Complex Formulation B

[0030] Phase A is weighed in a kettle equipped with high speed agitation. The ingredients and percentage

of each ingredient in the composition is set forth in Table 2 below:

Phase:  Ingredients:  Percentage:

A  Water  93.100
Mega Moist  0.500
N-Acetyl D-Glucosamine  4.000
Mandelic Acid  0.500
Ritaloe 1 X  1.000
Citric Acid  0.100
Sodium Citrate  0.300
Phenoyxethanol  0.500
Total Percentage:    100.00

More Recent Work by David Dees

David Dees is undoubtedly one the great illustrators of our time and his work captures the spirit of our age like few others. A selection of some of his recent work..

Pope says : Eat Poopy Pie and Die, Pedophobes ! --

"I believe that the media should…not fall prey – without offence, please – to the sickness of coprophilia, which is always wanting to communicate scandal... And since people have a tendency towards the sickness of coprophagia, it can do great harm..."

"The communications media have a very great responsibility…It is obvious that, given that we are all sinners, also the media can…become harmful… They can be tempted by calumny, and therefore used to slander, to sully people, especially in the world of politics. They can be used as a means of defamation: every person has the right to a good reputation, but perhaps in their previous life, or ten years ago, they had a problem with justice, or a problem in their family life, and bringing this to light is serious and harmful… This is a sin and it is harmful. A thing that can do great damage to the information media is disinformation: that is, faced with any situation, saying only a part of the truth, and not the rest.

This is disinformation… Disinformation is probably the greatest damage that the media can do, as opinion is guided in one direction, neglecting the other part of the truth. I believe that the media should…not fall prey – without offence, please – to the sickness of coprophilia, which is always wanting to communicate scandal…And since people have a tendency towards the sickness of coprophagia, it can do great harm..."
December 15, 2016

It’s Beginning to Smell a Lot Like Totalitarianism, and I Don’t Mean Russia

William Engdahl
New Eastern Outlook
Dec 13, 2016

...Coprophilia is defined in the Merriam-Webster dictionary as “marked interest in excrement, especially the use of feces or filth for sexual excitement.” And coprophagia is eating feces by humans, literally, eating shit.

What people precisely, Holy Father, have a “tendency to towards the sickness of coprophagia”? Is this the dominant sickness of the human race? And if not, why do you make such a disgusting likeness between eating shit and citizens who read about politicians and their misdeeds or media that report on same? And who is to judge if factually true dissemination of facts about political figures from their past is relevant or not to help voters judge their character? I would say the comments are a perfect example of what he pretends to condemn... &c...

Preparation technique of banana peel polymer coagulant for water treatment

The invention belongs to the technical field of water treatment and relates to a preparation technique of a banana peel polymer coagulant for water treatment. The technique making main use of 'low-temperature water extraction' at 30-50 DEG C comprises the following steps: (1), adding certain water to crushed banana peel powder at certain temperature under stirring, and leaching; (2), adding little sodium hydroxide solution at certain temperature under stirring; (3), selectively adding certain sodium hypochlorite and stabilizing agent to obtain coagulant products with different effects and stability. The banana peel polymer coagulant for water treatment that is high in banana peel utilization rate, low in preparation cost, good in stability, excellent in water treatment effect and high efficiency of removal particularly for color and heavy metals and can provide discharged water having pH in the neutral or weakly alkaline range may be prepared through the technique. The banana peel polymer coagulant for water treatment is widely applicable to the fields such as drinking water, urban wastewater and industrial wastewater.

I was holding out for the Philosophers' Stone / Elixir, but I can change :

Biomagnetic Pair Webinar introduction

Medical Biomagnetism, also called Biomagnetic Pair, is a natural therapy that proposes diagnosing and treating a large number of illnesses through the use of pairs of magnets of medium intensity that seek to equalize the organism’s pH level. Dr. Isaac Goiz Durán has been claiming since Dr. Broeringmeyer´s death to be its discoverer (See below the alternative  theory).

According to medical biomagnetism, a large number of illnesses, including cancer and many other complex diseases, are associated with fundamental alterations in the pH level in the internal organs and with the presence of viruses, bacteria, fungus, parasites, toxins, and other harmful factors. The development of
illness cannot happen with a balanced pH level.

This new complementary therapy identifies diseases according to their genuine etiology and not just their manifestation (see the Article). Once the symptoms or signs of illness have appeared, it is also capable of reestablishing the acidic-alkaline balance in the organism and restore health, attacking the cause of the problem and not just the symptomatology.

The Biomagnetic Pair therapy is different from magnetic therapy and magnetic acupuncture, and it adopts a new paradigm. Unlike these last two, the Biomagnetic Pair uses pairs of magnets of opposite charges to depolarize areas in the body that are unbalanced due to pathogens or other factors that resonate energetically and vibrationally. It is also different in that it has the ability to diagnose the etiology and combat the real cause of the disease, especially viruses.

The Biomagnetic Pair is a clean and innocuous system. And still more importantly, it is capable of detecting, diagnosing, and correcting an abnormal condition even before the symptomatologic manifestation. It is, therefore, a preventive therapy, as well as healing.

The Biomagnetic Pair Therapy is indeed claimed to have been discovered by mexican Dr. Isaac Goiz Durán in 1988. However, there are certain indications that would point to Dr. Richard Broeringmeyer as to the real discoverer of this therapy. According to these new indications, Dr. Goiz would have just been its main
developer after Dr. Broeringmeyer´s death.

Richard Broeringmeyer was a prominent scientist from Kentucky, USA. He was NASA Chief Medical in the 1980s. He had a disciplined, meticulous and patient scientific mind. He was the person responsible for deciding what astronauts could fly into space or not and examining the physiological constants and physical condition of the astronauts before going to space and after returning.

Dr. Broeringmeyer began to realize in the 80s that astronauts returning from space would do so with one of their two legs longer than the other one, by the fact of having been exposed to a changing magnetic field.

Dr. Broeringmeyer began working methodically with these early observations. He discovered how the legs changed in length when exposed to magnetic fields applied in certain unbalanced points. He was careful and consistent in his writings, his essays were rigorous and well written, honoring his prestigious position. And so Dr. Broeringmeyer went gradually and painstakingly discovering one by one the first 150 Biomagnetic Pairs and developing the theory of what is now known as the Biomagnetic Pair Therapy.

Even if Dr. Broeringmeyer had been seriously forbidden and warned against talking about his revolutionary new discoveries, he nevertheless traveled to Mexico City to deliver a lecture for doctors at a large public hospital in Mexico City because he knew the importance of his discovery. But unfortunately, he was probably being closely watched too.

Dr. Goiz attended that lecture and showed special interest in the topics presented at the conference. For this reason or another, it seems that Dr. Broeringmeyer allowed exclusive access to Dr. Goiz (only Dr. Goiz knew about it) to all his priceless writings that formed the theory of the Biomagnetic Pair therapy so that they could be kept in custody just in case “something” happened to him.

And indeed, very shortly after that lecture, Dr. Richard Broeringmeyer surprinsingly died in strange circumstances. Very little is known nowadays about Dr. Richard Broeringmeyer´s life and work, which is not consistent with the important position that he held for years.

Therefore, according to this theory, Dr. Goiz would have taken advantage of the big and revolutionary work of Dr. Broeringmeyer and would have just developed it further, especially in terms of discovering new pairs.

Inventor: DURAN ISAAC GOIZ [MX]    

The present invention relates to a system for biomagnetic treatment of viral diseases such as AIDS, diabetes, hepatitis, etc. The combination of media that form allows locating of inmediatoel or the generative organs of human pathology, and also define lapolaridad and thus intuit or whether it is a problem disfuncional or infectious and if this is viral or bacterial, achieving conello decongest and heal the affected part of eliminating body and counteracting loads based opposite polarities, the system consists of the set of natural magnets with inductor metálic that allows concentrating a magnetic poleand disperse once elpolo opposite to what best results are achieved and raise magnetic inductión significantly in the pole inductor concentrated.

Australian Blushwood vs Cancer :

7 News - Scientists find Australian berry to cure cancer

EBC-46 // Victoria GORDON, et al.



The present invention relates to epoxy-tigliane compounds and their use in promoting wound healing. In particular embodiments, the epoxy-tigliane compounds are epoxy-tigliaen-3-one compounds. Methods of inducing or promoting wound healing as well as methods of reducing scarring and improving cosmetic outcomes upon healing of a wound are described. Compounds and compositions for use in wound healing are also described


For more info :

International Inquirer must-know datal factoids for aero-nerds :

Bioinspired morphing wings for extended flight envelope and roll control of small drones
M. Di Luca, S. Mintchev, G. Heitz, F. Noca, D. Floreano

Abstract -- Small-winged drones can face highly varied aerodynamic requirements, such as high manoeuvrability for flight among obstacles and high wind resistance for constant ground speed against strong headwinds that cannot all be optimally addressed by a single aerodynamic profile. Several bird species solve this problem by changing the shape of their wings to adapt to the different aerodynamic requirements. Here, we describe a novel morphing wing design composed of artificial feathers that can rapidly modify its geometry to fulfil different aerodynamic requirements. We show that a fully deployed configuration enhances manoeuvrability while a folded configuration offers low drag at high speeds and is beneficial in strong headwinds. We also show that asymmetric folding of the wings can be used for roll control of the drone. The aerodynamic performance of the morphing wing is characterized in simulations, in wind tunnel measurements and validated in outdoor flights with a small drone.

The influence of aspect ratio and stroke pattern on force generation of a bat-inspired membrane wing
Cosima Schunk, Sharon M. Swartz, Kenneth S. Breuer

Abstract -- Aspect ratio (AR) is one parameter used to predict the flight performance of a bat species based on wing shape. Bats with high AR wings are thought to have superior lift-to-drag ratios and are therefore predicted to be able to fly faster or to sustain longer flights. By contrast, bats with lower AR wings
are usually thought to exhibit higher manoeuvrability. However, the half-span ARs of most bat wings fall into a narrow range of about 2.5–4.5. Furthermore, these predictions do not take into account the wide variation in flapping motion observed in bats. To examine the influence of different stroke patterns, we measured lift and drag of highly compliant membrane wings with different bat-relevant ARs. A two degrees of freedom shoulder joint allowed for independent control of flapping amplitude and wing sweep. We tested five models with the same variations of stroke patterns, flapping frequencies and wind speed velocities. Our results suggest that within the relatively small AR range of bat wings, AR has no clear effect on force generation. Instead, the generation of lift by our simple model mostly depends on wingbeat frequency, flapping amplitude and freestream velocity; drag is mostly affected by the flapping amplitude.

Petiolate wings: effects on the leading-edge vortex in flapping flight
Nathan Phillips, Kevin Knowles, Richard J. Bomphrey

Abstract --
The wings of many insect species including crane flies and damselflies are petiolate (on stalks), with the wing planform beginning some distance away from the wing hinge, rather than at the hinge. The aerodynamic impact of flapping petiolate wings is relatively unknown, particularly on the formation of the lift-augmenting leading-edge vortex (LEV): a key flow structure exploited by many insects, birds and bats to enhance their lift coefficient. We investigated the aerodynamic implications of petiolation P using particle image velocimetry flow field measurements on an array of rectangular wings of aspect ratio 3 and petiolation values of P = 1–3. The wings were driven using a mechanical device, the ‘Flapperatus’, to produce highly repeatable insect-like kinematics. The wings maintained a constant Reynolds number of 1400 and dimensionless stroke amplitude ?* (number of chords traversed by the wingtip) of 6.5 across all test cases. Our results showed that for more petiolate wings the LEV is generally larger, stronger in circulation, and covers a greater area of the wing surface, particularly at the mid-span and inboard locations early in the wing stroke cycle. In each case, the LEV was initially arch-like in form with its outboard end terminating in a focus-sink on the wing surface, before transitioning to become continuous with the tip vortex thereafter. In the second half of the wing stroke, more petiolate wings exhibit a more detached LEV, with detachment initiating at approximately 70% and 50% span for P = 1 and 3, respectively. As a consequence, lift coefficients based on the LEV are higher in the first half of the wing stroke for petiolate wings, but more comparable in the second half. Time-averaged LEV lift coefficients show a general rise with petiolation over the range tested.
The flapping-wing apparatus, the 'Flapperatus', is an experimental test rig for research into insect-like ...
The 'Flapperatus') with varying Kinematics
Manuscript final.pdf - Cranfield University by N Phillips

The mechanical flapper apparatus (the 'flapperatus') pictured in Fig. 2, enables an insect-like wing to be flapped with three controllable degrees of freedom...

Stop Throwing Away Avocado Seeds: They're Potent Cancer Fighters

Congress Hands Government Authority to Microchip People with 'Mental Disabilities'

No, you haven't entered the Twilight Zone. This actually just happened. And the language is so vague, we don't know what type of tracking tech will be employed or how far this program will end up going if it gets in full swing... Orwellian doesn't even begin to describe it...

Is That Really Sour Diesel? Scientist Takes On Weed’s Big Question
Using weed's DNA, Mowgli Holmes has created the world's largest genomic database of marijuana

By Shane Dixon Kavanaugh
Genome Biology201112:R102
DOI: 10.1186/gb-2011-12-10-r102

The draft genome and transcriptome of Cannabis sativa

Harm van Bakel, et al.


Cannabis sativa has been cultivated throughout human history as a source of fiber, oil and food, and for its medicinal and intoxicating properties. Selective breeding has produced cannabis plants for specific uses, including high-potency marijuana strains and hemp cultivars for fiber and seed production. The
molecular biology underlying cannabinoid biosynthesis and other traits of interest is largely unexplored.


We sequenced genomic DNA and RNA from the marijuana strain Purple Kush using shortread approaches. We report a draft haploid genome sequence of 534 Mb and a transcriptome of 30,000 genes. Comparison of the transcriptome of Purple Kush with that of the hemp cultivar 'Finola' revealed that many genes encoding
proteins involved in cannabinoid and precursor pathways are more highly expressed in Purple Kush than in 'Finola'. The exclusive occurrence of D9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid synthase in the Purple Kush transcriptome, and its replacement by cannabidiolic acid synthase in 'Finola', may explain why the
psychoactive cannabinoid ?9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is produced in marijuana but not in hemp.

Resequencing the hemp cultivars 'Finola' and 'USO-31' showed little difference in gene copy numbers of cannabinoid pathway enzymes. However, single nucleotide variant analysis uncovered a relatively high level of variation among four cannabis types, and supported a separation of marijuana and hemp.


The availability of the Cannabis sativa genome enables the study of a multifunctional plant that occupies a unique role in human culture. Its availability will aid the development of therapeutic marijuana strains with tailored cannabinoid profiles and provide a basis for the breeding of hemp with improved agronomic characteristics.

Meanwhile ( just for farts & chortles ) :

The End?
Could It Really, Really Be The End?

By J Chiappalone

Music in the brain: The first imaging genetic study linking dopaminergic genes to music


Sounds, such as music and noise, are capable of reliably affecting individuals' moods and emotions, possibly by regulating brain dopamine, a neurotransmitter strongly involved in emotional behavior and mood regulation. However, the relationship of sound environments with mood and emotions is highly variable across individuals. A putative source of variability is genetic background, a study shows...

...In more details, results showed mood improvement after music exposure in GG subjects and mood deterioration after noise exposure in GT subjects. Moreover, the music as opposed to noise environment decreased the striatal activity of GT subjects as well as the prefrontal activity of GG subjects while processing emotional faces...

..."This study represents the first use of the imaging genetics approach in the field of music and sounds in general. We are really excited about our results because they suggest that even a non-pharmacological intervention such as music, might regulate mood and emotional responses at both the behavioral and neuronal level," says Professor Elvira Brattico....

Natural scale caterpillar soft robot is powered and controlled with light

Researchers, using the liquid crystal elastomer technology have demonstrated a bioinspired micro-robot capable of mimicking caterpillar gaits in natural scale. The 15-millimeter long soft robot harvests energy from green light and is controlled by spatially modulated laser beam. Apart from traveling on flat surfaces, it can also climb slopes, squeeze through narrow slits and transport loads...

Non-Breaking News @ 2014 !

Cutting the cord on soft robots: Machine walks through snow, flames and can be run over by cars

Engineers have developed the world's first untethered soft robot -- and demonstrated that the quadruped, which can literally stand up and walk away from its designers, can walk through snow, fire and even be run over by a car. The hope is that such robots might one day serve as a search and rescue tool following disasters...

Video :  Cutting the cord on soft robots
From Harvard engineers, a machine that can walk through flames

Chinese space company claims to have a warp drive engine working in orbit
Rob Waugh

NASA’s much-hyped EM Drive – often described as a ‘Warp Drive’ – made shockwaves around the world, with a propulsion system which seems to defy the laws of physics.

But now China claims not only to have a rival device – but that it’s in space already, and working.

The engine works by bouncing microwaves around inside an enclosed container – and could revolutionise space travel, allowing spaceships to reach Mars in weeks.

The engine has no exhaust, and would outperform any current booster used in space – and NASA tests showed it was working earlier this year.

But a team from the China Academy of Space Technology has said that NASA’s results ‘re-confirm’ their own work – and plan to use the drive in satellites ‘as quickly as possible’.

The team claim that the thruster has already been tested in low Earth orbit on board China’s Tiangong-2 space station.

Roger Shawyer Explaining The Basic Science behind #EmDrive

The aerospace engineer Roger Shawyer created EMDrive theory in 2001 and promotes the thruster through his company, Satellite Propulsion Research LTD (SPRLTD).

Occult Banking: Semitic Origins of Double-Entry Bookkeeping & Money Creation

Colin McKay is an Australian born entrepreneur living in New South Wales. From 2010-2014 he blogged on finance, economics, and Australian politics and in 2010 he served as board member and bookkeeper for the Center for Economic Stability. In 2011 he presented his own concept for Deror, an alternate currency
ecosystem where "everyone is their own central banker.” McKay blogs at and is presently writing a book tracing the foundations of double-entry accounting to ancient Semitic cults.

Colin is with us to provide a detailed overview of his essay “The Money Shot: Even Banking Is All About Sex,” which presents the history and mechanisms of el modo vinegia (“the Venetian method”) of double-entry bookkeeping. He explains how this Hermetic-Kabbalist system for calculating debts that was formalized during the early Renaissance period has been used for deliberately concealing the immoral practice of usury in the banking system. Colin describes how the ancient Semitic worship of the androgynous goddess Inanna-Ishtar and the principle of the unity of opposites (male/female, order/disorder, creation/destruction), used in combination with trickery in the form of deceitful words, is the fundamental underlying concept of creating “money” out of nothing. He illustrates how this “magick” is represented by the Hermetic-Kabbalist alchemical symbol of the hexagram (Seal of Solomon) and breaks down the two-sided, sexual nature of the process at the heart of usury. Then, we discuss Professor Richard Werner’s investigations of the central banking system in Japan and his legal perspective of
credit. Colin also talks about the practice of money lending within the Catholic church and the 14th century transformation of modern banking that occurred when the church adopted the Venetian method.

In the members’ segment, Colin addresses the importance of understanding the mechanisms of the central banking system and the creation of credit by private banks. He explains how the predatory banking system’s core fraud revolves around the changing of labels that lead borrowers to mistake substance for form. Then, Colin introduces his alternate currency, Deror, an honor based system that can be understood by looking at ancient Cuneiform record keeping, which used a bartering system of IOUs overseen by central authorities such as temple priests. He lays out how the algorithm works on the concept of a triangular balance sheet, with credits on one side, debts on another, and an honor rating at the top, and he gives examples of the exchange as a social interaction based on trust. Colin says the idea behind this system is that everyone is able to be a “money god” with infinite potential to create money. Later, we look at the idea that Bitcoin shares similar problems with conventional money in that its worth is based in a value that can be increased through saving rather than spending. At the end, Colin illuminates the occult concept of expanding or lengthening balance sheets as a metaphor for the power of lenders over those they manipulate.

World Map Of IQ Drop Due To Muslim 'Refugees' And Others

By Patricia Doyle

"Not Sending Their Best": World Map of IQ Drop Due to Immigration

by Anatoly Karlin

Why eating ham or sausages four times a week could worsen asthma

By Ben Spencer

Eating ham or sausages four times a week could worsen asthma symptoms, experts have warned.

The research suggests the 5.4million people in the UK who suffer with asthma could be at greater risk of problems if they eat too much cured or processed meat.

Scientists believe the nitrites used to process cured meat such as salami may trigger inflammation in the airways - a typical feature of asthma... is run by an embezzler, a hooker & a dominatrix

by Dr. Eowyn

According to independent investigative journalist and former U.S. Navy officer and NSA employee Wayne Madsen, the fact-check website — which Facebook is using to combat so-called “fake news” — is a CIA operation.

Now, thanks to a report by the UK’s Daily Mail, we know Snopes not only peddles CIA propaganda, it is a sleazy outfit, run by an embezzler, a former
hooker/porn star, and a dominatrix.

Reporting for Daily Mail, Dec. 21, 2016, Alana Goodman points out that will benefit from Facebook using the site as an arbiter of truth by determining what’s “fake news.” Now a investigation has exposed’s sleazy underbelly...

Tinkle Therapy 101 :
The Autoimmune Revolution: FREE Online Docu-series

Baby of Parents Who Declined Birth Certificate Still Not Returned in Alabama
Cyber Attacker on Hunger Strike in Prison for Protesting Medical Kidnapping of Justina Pelletier
Dr. Waney Squier Speaks out on Faulty Shaken Baby Science Used to Condemn the Innocent
Children Taken from Military Dad Using Medical Marijuana for PTSD to be Returned
Medical Kidnap of Children from Former Amish Mother Reveals History of Abuse in One Pennsylvania Amish Community
Medically Kidnapped Texas Teen Suffers Seizures, Medical Neglect in State Care
FBI Investigates Baby Kidnapped from Couple in Alabama Who Declined Birth Certificate and SSN

Scientists have discovered a new state of matter for water

One of the most basic things we are taught in school science classes is that water can exist in three different states, either as solid ice, liquid water, or vapour gas. But an international team of scientists have recently found signs that liquid water might actually come in two different states.

Writing in an experimental paper, published in the International Journal of Nanotechnology, the researchers were surprised to find a number of physical properties of water change their behaviour between 50℃ and 60℃. This sign of a potential change to a second liquid state could spark a heated discussion in the scientific community. And, if confirmed, it could have implications for a range of fields, including nanotechnology and biology.
International Journal of Nanotechnology (IJNT), Vol. 13, No. 8/9, 2016

On the existence of two states in liquid water: impact on biological and nanoscopic systems

by L.M. Maestro, et al.

Abstract: This work reviews several properties of liquid water, including the dielectric constant and the proton-spin lattice relaxation, and draws attention to a bilinear behaviour defining a crossover in the temperature range 50 ± 10°C between two possible states in liquid water. The existence of these two states in liquid water plays an important role in nanometric and biological systems. For example, the optical properties of metallic (gold and silver) nanoparticles dispersed in water, used as nanoprobes, and the emission properties of CdTe quantum dots (QDs), used for fluorescence bioimaging and tumour targeting, show a singular behaviour in this temperature range. In addition, the structural changes in liquid water may be associated with the behaviour of biological macromolecules in aqueous solutions and in particular with protein denaturation.

Special Snowflake Cop Law #5983745 : Die, Lassy ! Die, Old Yeller !

Federal Court Rules Cops can Shoot your Dog for Barking

Rex Research Rules Dogs can Shoot Cops for being Sphincters

A wolverine inspired material: Self-healing, transparent, highly stretchable material can be electrically activated
by Sean Nealon

Scientists, including several from the University of California, Riverside, have developed a transparent, self-healing, highly stretchable conductive material that can be electrically activated to power artificial muscles and could be used to improve batteries, electronic devices, and robots.

The findings, which were published today in the journal Advanced Material, represent the first time scientists have created an ionic conductor, meaning materials that ions can flow through, that is transparent, mechanically stretchable, and self-healing...


A class of devices enabled by ionic conductors is highly stretchable, fully transparent to light of all colors, biocompatible or biodegradable, and capable of operation at frequencies beyond 10 kilohertz and voltages above 10 kilovolts. These devices enabled by ionic conductors can be used as large strain
actuators, full-range loudspeakers, as strain or pressure sensors and as stretchable interconnects. The electromechanical transduction is achieved without electrochemical reaction. When large stretchability and high optical transmittance are required, the ionic conductors have lower sheet resistance than all existing electronic conductors.

I never would have agreed to the formulation of the Central Intelligence Agency back in '47, if I had known it would become the American Gestapo. -- Harry S Truman, 1961

Fuel Vaporization : 117 Degrees Optimum --

Method and system for preheating fuel

Inventor(s):     GORANFLO RICHARD

A method and system for preheating internal combustion engine fuel to an optimum temperature before introducing the fuel into the carburetion system. It has been found that an engine fuel such as gasoline will have an optimum temperature at the point of carburetion for maximum combustion efficiency. A heat
exchanger extracts heat from hot engine coolant to add heat to the fuel. A thermostatic switch and solenoid valve controls coolant flow to maintain the optimum temperature. Thermal insulation is provided around the fuel supply system and the heat exchanger to prevent engine heat from causing the fuel temperature to exceed the optimum temperature.

As may be noted from the graph of FIG. 1, a sharp increase in miles per gallon was obtained between 115 DEG and 120 DEG F. with the optimum mileage of 25 miles to the gallon obtained at approximately 117 DEG F. The efficiency of the engine decreased rapidly above 120 DEG F. dropping to about 9 miles per gallon
at 140 DEG F. The fuel temperature was controlled during the test by means of the fuel preheat system of my invention to be described in more detail below. Without the system of the invention installed, this vehicle averages a fuel consumption of about 17 miles per gallon at 55 miles per hour under the
conditions of the above described tests.

The 100 Best Space Photos of 2016
By Hanneke Weitering

Tesla’s Time Travel Experiment: I could see the past, present and future all at the same time’

...According to reports, in 1895 Tesla made a shocking discovery suggesting that time and space could be influenced by magnetic fields. Allegedly, this idea –that one could alter time and space by magnetic fields — led to a number of experiments that allegedly gave birth to the infamous Philadelphia project – considered mostly a hoax.

It is believed that Tesla worked on the idea of time travel, discovering amazing results along the way.

Using magnetic fields, Tesla found that the space-time barrier could be ‘altered’ and accessed by creating a ‘trojan horse’ which eventually led to a different time.

However, it is still unclear whether or not Tesla actually achieved this as there are no documents whatsoever that prove – or for that case — disprove something like this occurred...

In 1895, a witness found Tesla at a small coffee shop looking shaken and disturbed. His assistant claimed that Tesla was almost electrocuted by a machine as Tesla was trying to solve the time travel riddle.

After nearly dying, Tesla claimed he had found himself in an entirely different time and space window, where he could see the past, present, and future at the same time while staying within the artificially created ‘magnetic field.’

Regrettably, there are no documents –which we were able to find– to back up these claims. However, if Tesla tried to achieve time travel, he surely wasn’t the only scientist to try.

Baba Vanga sez :

Here are 13 predictions that Baba Vanga made for 2016 and the future

She is called the Nostradamus of the Balkans, and with good reason. Baba, Vanga, the blind Bulgarian clairvoyant, who died 20 years ago, is believed to have predicted the rise of the ISIS, the fall of the twin towers, the 2004 Tsunami, and the global warming, among a host of other events...

Here are 13 predictions that the Blind Baba made for 2016 and beyond:

Barack Obama will be the last president of the US: Baba Vanga had predicted that the 44th US president would be an African American, but she had also added that he would be the last one. According to her, he would leave office at a time when the country would be in economic ruins, and there would be a huge divide between the northern and southern states – as was the case during the American Civil War.

Europe will cease to exist: According to Baba Vanga, the continent will cease to exist by 2016, and all that would remain will be empty spaces and wasteland, nearly devoid of any form of life. She is reported to have said that chemical weapons would be used by extremists against Europe.

Muslims will invade Europe: The blind mystic had also predicted that Muslims will invade Europe, and there will be widespread destruction by extremists, which will go on for many years, until the continent ceases to exist. She had also predicted that a Great Muslim War will begin in Syria.

China will become the new super power: As per her predictions, China is set to become the new superpower in 2018, bringing an end to the United States and its economy. According to her, the exploiters (the developed nations) will become the exploited (the third world). In 2011, the International Monetary Fund had also predicted that China’s economy will overtake that of the US in 2016, emerging as the new superpower.   

Hunger eradication: Baba Vanga has predicted that hunger will get eradicated sometime between 2025 and 2028.

On to Venus: Humans will travel to Venus, according to the Baba, in search of new energy sources. They might even set up a colony there.

Rome as the capital of the Islamic caliphate: Islam will finish invading the whole of Europe by 2043, and Rome will be the capital of the new caliphate.

Ice caps melting: According to the Baba, ice caps will melt by 2045. The rate at which the ice caps are melting already due to global warming, does seem to suggest the same. 

Cloning of organs: As per Baba Vanga’s predictions, body organs will be cloned in 2046, and that would be the easiest method of treatment.

US attacking Muslim dominated Europe: By 2066, the US will attack Muslim dominated Europe using climate change weapon, and will try to retake Rome and bring back Christianity.

The return of Communism: By 2076, communism will return to Europe and the rest of the world.

Underwater civilisations: By 2130, civilisations will learn how to live under water, with the help of aliens.

The death of the Earth: By 3797, everything on Earth will cease to exist. However, humans will be advanced enough to move to a new star system.

The Forgotten Baba vanga prophecies about World War III !

List of Baba Vanga predictions :

Assassination / murder attempts on four heads of states that becomes one of the causes for the start of

The start of WWIII in 2010. The war will begin around November of 2010 and will end around October of 2014. Will start as a normal war, then will include usage of nuclear and chemical weapons. [ Arab Spring, 2010-2011 ]

Due to the radioactive showers in Northern Hemisphere in 2011 – animals and/or plants will die [ Fukushima ]

Muslims will wage chemical war against Europeans/NATO around 2013.

More and more of the people in this world in 2014 will have skin cancer and skin related diseases.

Around 2016, Europe is almost empty.

China becomes the new world power around 2018.

Earth’s orbit will change slightly around 2023.

Development of a new energy source around 2028. Hunger slowly stops being a problem.

Around 2033 all of the Polar ice caps melt and World ocean levels rise.

By 2043 the world economy is prosperous and Muslims will be running Europe.

Any organs can be mass produced by 2046 and exchange of body organs becomes the favorite method of treatment.

During it’s attack on Rome around 2046 (which is under control of the Muslims) U.S.A. uses a new method of weapons.

Because af a new disease around 2088, people are getting old in few seconds, this can be cured by 2097.

Other Baba Vanga Prophecies for the Future

2100 – Man made Sun is lighting up the dark side of the planet Earth.
2111 – People become robots.
2123 – Wars between small countries. Big countries don’t get evolved.
2125 – In Hungary the signals from Space are received. (People will be reminded of Vanga again)
2130 – Colonies under water (advices from aliens)
2154 – Animals become half-humans.
2167 – New religion
2170 – Big drought.
2183 – Colony on Mars becomes nuclear nation and is asking for independence from the Earth. (same way as U.S. did from England)
2187 – Successfully two volcano eruptions are stopped.
2195 – Sea colonies are fully supplied with energy and food.
2196 – Full mixture between Asians and Europeans.
2201 – Thermonuclear reactions on the Sun slow down. Temperatures Drop.
2221 – In the search of Alien life, human beings engage with something very frightening.
2256 – Spaceship brings a frightening new disease into Earth.
2262 – Orbits of planets start to change progressively. Mars is under a threat of being hit by a comet.
2271 – Physic properties are calculated over, since they changed.
2273 – Mix of yellow, white, and black race. New race.
2279 – Energy out of nothing (probably from vacuum or black holes)
2288 – Travel through time. New contacts with the aliens.
2291 – Sun cools. Attempts to fire it up again are taken.
2296 – Bright flashes on the Sun. Force of gravity changes. Old space stations and satellites begin to fall
2299 – In France, there is a partisan uprising against Islam.
2302 – New important new laws and mysteries about the universe are uncovered.
2304 – The mystery of the Moon is uncovered.
2341 – Something frightening is closing in with Earth from the space.
2354 – Accident on one of the man made suns, will result in drought.
2371 – Mighty hunger.
2378 – New and fast growing race.
2480 – Two man made suns will collide. Earth is in the dark.
3005 – War on Mars. Trajectory of planets changes.
3010 – Comet will ram into the Moon. Around Earth there is a belt of rocks and dust.

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