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September 2015

Black Goo

" It Runs On Water " -- Video : Overunity inventions : Luling's Permanent Magnet Motor

Sepp Hasslberger : Sci-Tech News

Ricardo Azevedo & Ernesto Gonzalez : T Power H20

Bing Han and Yun Hang Hu : Highly Efficient Temperature-Induced Visible Light Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production from Water

Carla Kantara, et al. : Peptide TP508 vs Radiation

Kuang-Sheng Hong, et al. : Piezoelectrochemical Generation of HHO

Mark Dansie : Critique of BlackLight Power claims :

Magic Sphere Photon Computation

Graphene from tea tree extract

Graphene made in a Kitchen Blender

Dr. Panos Anastasiadis, et al. : mRNA control of Cancer Cells

Natural Gingivitis Treatments

A. Rossi E-Cat US Patent # 9115913 ( LENR )

Leucine vs Fat

Dr Guy McPherson Signs Off

Climate Change Summary & Updates

Social Studies 101

Stuff & Stuff Back Issues

Black Goo
[ Google translation ]

Black Goo (also intelligent oil, sentient oil and Grey Goo, German Meaning: Black goo) is on the one hand, the English term for dark brown deposits and fluids that are secreted by wine plants after infection with the fungal Phaeomoniella chlamydospora, on the other hand the name of a supposedly mysterious shale oil which is known from science fiction movies and be subordinated to the health-related miracle properties.

In connection with fantastic claims and conspiracy theories on the Internet imprecise to be found by a mysterious on Earth "smart oil" talk that look like oil, but be able to change its shape and enclose things or people and hurt them inflict.

A proposition in the pseudo-medicine Black Goo products numerous conspiracy theories and promotional legends are common, respectively, without giving more resilient documents or information to the inventor of the respective statement. So the appropriate oil should be abiotic origin, derived from space or alternatively only to be found on a small uninhabited and unnamed island in the "sub-Antarctic", which aims to alleged "Southern Thule islands" are (see Neuschwabenlandmythos). In slightly different form the theories of various authors and circles spread again. Thus aliens are said to have made on earth Black Goo and this fact has led to the emergence of the Falklands War.

Black Goo in alternative medicine

Harald Kautz-Vella (left) with Jo Conrad talks about Black Goo (Picture: YouTube)

In the alternative medicine market various products related to Black Goo offered. These include shale oil as well as homeopathy globules known, the "marked" were "informed" or by radionics process.

Claims to miracle properties of Black-Goo-products play a role in the scene of the trailer Morgellonen hypothesis. On Black Goo including the pseudo scientist Harald Kautz-Vella drew attention, believes in the chemtrail conspiracy theory and this brings in connection with the alleged Morgellonen. He founded a "Consortium for Morgellon-related Research" called "time loop" and believes that produced by Radionics Black Goo products effective against the disease are Morgellonen invention.

The assertions and inventions of Kautz-Vella offered Jo Conrad on 1 May 2014, his advertising project Bewusst.TV a stage. He presented there Kautz-Vella under the title "About Transhumanism religion of the elites and black oil-entities" in front. [2] In an interview with Conrad Kautz-Vella described his globules as "a kind of antidote" and "a homeopathic remedy, what connects us to the collective consciousness. " The esoteric magazine space and time reported in 2014 also on Black Goo, Morgellonen, Chemtrails and Kautz-Vella. [3] Michael Vogt also interviewed Kautz-Vella at Quer-Denken.TV to Black Goo and the alleged miracle properties of the oil, about the existence of a soul of oil [4] (see also transhumanism and Gaia hypothesis on the existence of a soul in animals and objects).

Black Goo in science fiction

A Black-Goo-liquid plays a role in several science fiction films and film series:

As a result, "the black soul" of the next-generation season of the series Star Trek device the crew of the Enterprise to a being whose consistency is described as oleaginous. It can change its shape and is able to enclose the crew members. The essence was called "black soul", because it had never known what love is.

In an episode of "The X-Files"
Hollywood movie Prometheus
Spider Man
Conspiracy to Black Goo and the emergence of the Falklands War
David Griffin (Picture: YouTube)
Bernhard Wimmer [5]

One of the first versions of a conspiracy theory about Black-Goo-oil and the emergence of the Falklands War is to be found in August 2012 in the Englishman David Griffin. Griffin, a member of Exopolitics UK, reported in a video dated August 24, 2014 is seen at Youtube, on an imaginary "Blue ET-base" on a hypothetical "Thule Island" (on maps untraceable) south of the Falkland Islands. There found Argentine Black-Goo-oil, which had been brought to the UK, employees of defense contractor Marconi killed in England. Previously, British special forces have the "ET-Base" destroyed. The oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010 on an oil rig, BP should also be read in conjunction with Black Goo. [6]

Even the New Age Magazine Light Language of Susanne Sejana Kreth [7] published the conspiracy theory in slightly altered form in an article. [8] Thus did "Argentina" 1982 Contact "blue-skinned horror" added, which drove with Black Goo trade and on an uninhabited volcanic island of Antarctica called "Thule Island" (36 square kilometers) were deposited. On the island there is also a factory plant of aliens for the production of Black Goo. Allegedly, this would have led to the Falklands War with Britain.

The absurd speculations of the Bremen artist Bernhard Wimmer. [9] spreads a uncritical reception learned Wimmer's inventions in the German neo-Nazi scene, so at Politaia, Extreme News, [10] Ernst Köwing ("the honey man") and Jo Conrad.

At the scene of the "Black Goo" pendant also relationships to so-called Archons are claiming. Among beings must be understood that supposedly influenced how the hypothetical reptilians in reality world affairs secretly. The Archons have "deep black eyes," reads well, and be filled with Black Goo. As viruses are Archons rely on "host body" with an acidic pH and could over alleged aura holes penetrate into these.

Black Goo at Esca disease of grape plants

After infection of vine plants with the fungus Phaeomoniella chlamydospora it comes as part of the plant disease Esca disease to color changes of plants and the secretion and deposition of a dark-brown, gummy liquid [11], the first time in 1995 from a plant researcher named Lucie Morton in the absence of a more appropriate technical term was called "Black Goo". [12] the Esca disease (or short Esca) is a dreaded disease of grape plants that (Greece and the Roman Empire) is known since ancient times. Even the writers of antiquity reported on this disease, which was at that time limited to the warmer wine regions. Only towards the end of the last century, this illness spread in the northern wine-growing regions and already results in similar prevalences as in southern regions.


Larignon P (1999): Preliminary results on the biology of Phaeoacremonium. In: Black goo - Occurrence and Symptoms of Grapevine Declines. IAS/ICGTD Proceedings

L. Morton (ed.): International Ampelography Society, Fort Valley, VA, USA, 49-55 (1998)


Beschreibung: Als begleitende Gabe bei schwerer Morgellon-Mykose mit Archontenbesetzung. Anwendung und Dosierung gemäß radionischer oder kinesiologischer Testung ... Komposition: archaisches Black Goo (direkt von Ölschiefer), radionischer Code der Affirmation „bitte verbinde mich mit der einen Quelle”; Celani Code zur Orientierung an der kosmischen Ordnung
Licht auf Morgellons. r&z online, 188, 2014
Bild: Youtube
LICHTSPRACHE, Susanne Kreth Verlag, Susanne Sejana Kreth, Postfach 10 38 51, D-28038 Bremen
Das intelligente Öl. Lichtsprache, Heft 67
Morton, L., 1995. Mystery diseases hit young vines. Wines and Vines, 76, 46-47.

Sage of Quay Radio - Harald Kautz-Vella & Cara St. Louis: DNA Technology, Alien AI and Black Goo
Das Intelligente Öl (The Black Goo) - Interview mit Bernhard Wimmer
Black Goo Bilder ! Kautz-Vella & Auflösung des Sündenfalls
Bases 25 Part Two SSS Rachel (Black Goo)
Sentient Fluid Black Goo Fast Blast
Nanotechnology and "The Black Goo"
Black Goo & Programmable Matter | Part 1 - In the Media (2015)
Illuminati's Black Gold Project-Programmable Matter
Black Goo & Programmable Matter | Part 2 - In Reality (2015)
Black Goo & Programmable Matter | Part 3 - More Media Goo (2015)
ContActiVism : Alien Nano Toys - Marconi, black goo and Falklands War

Excerpts from :

Black Goo Globuli

During the research of the consortium on Morgellons we came in contact with black goo from German WW II bioweapon research. It was not easy to find a way to deal with this substance. We had some heavy discussions how to proceed with these findings.If black goo should be an unknown subject to you, please read the chapter in the FAQ-area first.

On one hand there was a high probability, that there could be a connection to the Morgellon topic, and we were hoping, that the black goo could be utilized in a positive way in the process of finding a medication for Morgellons.

On the other hand the first contact with this substance had happened without any preliminary warning , and radionic testing showed that the people that have been in contact with the substance where 100% entangled to the archaic collective sub consciousness carried by the Nazi-Goo.

This was a state that was not supposed to endure. As a conclusion the consortium decided to develop something to detach people form this entanglement.

From Homeopathy we know the rule that a disease can be cured with the diluted information of the disease itself. Following this principle, we transferred the information field of the black goo onto globuli. The testing showed, that these globuli were able to dissolve the entanglement to the Nazi-Goo.

Apart from that, something else happened: after a period of about 12 hours the entanglement switched back to the original collective sub consciousness of the planet, an entity one might call ?mother earth?. The subjective experience is well described in the pictures below.

Encouraged by this first success, we tried to utilize the globuli against the aspect of the Morellons disease best described with the term delusional parasititis. While the presence of the physical black goo was enhancing the symptom subjectively by a factor of 100, the application of the Black Goo Globuli had an effect similar to an ayurvasca ceremony. Including vomiting. Afterwards, the delusional parasititis got better.

Later we added two more radionics codes

The radionics representation of the affirmation ? please connect me with the one source?.

And the Celani-Code, a number-code that had been channeled by Renzo Celani, a German healer nowadays living in Norway. The code is a representative for the pure natural order of things.

The use of Black Goo Globuli should not be done for fun or out of curiosity. Since the event described in the bible as being expelled from paradise, humanity is separated from the collective consciousness of the planet. Re-connecting is not just a funny evSent, it will enhance all communicative and telepathic skills, and one should be willing to carry this changed state on mind for the rest of ones life.

...The trace of the morgellons dates back to the NS-bioweapon programs. In the framework of the German WWII research under the administration of SS-General Hans Kammler one can find crossing points to other special fields of research, such as the exploitation of oil-schist of the Lias Epsilon, and in this or another context possibly the recovery of oil-schist containing black goo. The consortium could identify such an oil schist containing black goo from mining areas used by the NS-research. Black goo is abiotic oil from inner earth enriched with ormus. Black goo is able to carry consciousness. In nature it normally has the function to mirror the consciousness of all life on earth and store the information collected by the collective consciousness. It is the physical host of what is referred to as the akasha chronic. If the black goo at a certain point of history is extracted from inner earth, cools down and stops to move it is cut of from any further development. The state of consciousness is kind of frozen on the level of consciousness of the time it got stuck in the upper crust. The block goo extracted from oil schist from the Nazi mining area carried a pure retinoid consciousness with a 3-chakra-system. Intelligence, life force and sexuality, following the Vedic color system this represents exactly the colors i.e. the bio photon activity of the morgellon-associated-life-form. It is possible that during the NS research the SS recovered living mycelium of the Morelos including the stem cells of a higher being of that time, which possibly might be Lias Epsilon.

In this case we have to speak about the symbiosis between a fungus and a higher developed species, which uses the fungus to reproduce itself. The fungus by assimilation of the alien DNA is creating the reproductive organs of the higher species and supplies the following generation with bio photons. Living on bio-photons is equivalent to the symbiosis of us humans with the microbes within our intestines that digest 90% of our food and in return supplying us with bio-photons. The mechanism of reproduction is unique and as far as we could find out hasn't been described yet by science. This fact alone makes it very likely that the morgellons are an archaic species....

What is Black Goo?

Black Goo is an abiotic mineral oil from the upper crust containing high amounts of m-state gold and iridium. It has been found on Thule Island on the South Falkland Islands and under the Gulf of Mexico. Furthermore there exists a black oil schist containing this type of oil from earlier tectonic events. These events apparently broke up the crust of the earth.

M-state gold and iridium function as the bio-photon-field attractor responsible for interconnecting life forms with their morphogenetic field. Sea-water contains high amounts of m-state matter. Within the life forms the superconducting m-state matter is placed inside the DNA-strings. These mono-atomic elements are attracting the bio-photons, while the DNA acts like a coil transforming the field energy into electromagnetic scalar potential. This m-state-matter guided bi-directional light-exchange of the DNA defines the scalar potential eddies who's fractal and holographic character is responsible for the form and shape of life-forms.

Black Goo shows a hitherto unknown type of magnetism, much longer in range than ferromagnetism, that seems to be interactive in a spontaneous way, that very likely is based on bi-directional, annihilated photon exchange as known from m-state-matter in life-forms. Due to this magnetism Black Goo shows the ability to mechanically self-organize in many different ways and has been reported to carry highly intelligent consciousness.

The Black Goo within the crust and the m-state matter within the biosphere seem to be inter-connected by quantum entanglement and function as a consciousness-mirror.

Black Goo thus carries an a-biotic consciousness representing the collective consciousness of the entire bio-sphere. The form of organization is holographic, thus every portion of Black Go is able to interact as a fully conscious being. Looking at the mythological reception of nature it has been described as Lucifer, Mother Earth, the Black Madonna, and is meant to be the physical location of the collective memory of mankind, aka the akasha chronic.

The quantum entanglement between life-forms and the Black Goo inside the earth seems to lead to a very high degree of self-similarity. In result, the Goo extracted by past geologic events carries a different type of consciousness than the Black Goo of our days. The Black Goo with an age of about 300 million years extracted from oil schist even today still carries a reptilian type of consciousness.

This dis-connection from the actual state of consciousness has been regarded in mythology as the fall of Lucifer.

During the evolution of life certain life forms stayed connected to the geologically marginalized Black Goo and thus got stuck on reptilian consciousness. When humans are brought into contact with this type of Black Goo, the light-transfer of the bio-field of the human body might be redirected onto the archaic Black Goo, which might reduce the complexity of the human Chakra System to blue, yellow and red, i.e. to mental abilities, life force and sexuality. It leads to a state of being intelligent, but heartless and cold in appearance. It disconnects the human from the collective consciousness of his time.

Something like this must have happened in the event described in the mythology as the deterioration from paradise. The effect seems to be handed over to following generations referred to as the heritable sin mentioned in the bible by ongoing quantum entanglement transferred with the genetic information. It also refers to the traditions of the bloodlines, who seem to try to keep this reptilian entanglement as strong as possible.

Archaic Black Goo played a major role in black magic rites, last intensively researched by the inner core of the German SS. In the middle-ages these black stones were utilized by black magicians to connect with archonts, aka demons, archaic beings which have developed out of early spiders who entirely live as light parasites and try to align with humans to form a symbiosis, where the archont feeds on the bio-photons of the human and the human profits from the mental (magical) abilities of the archonts.

Shilajit --

Shilajit (Sanskrit: silajatu)[1] is a thick, sticky tar-like substance with a colour ranging from white to dark brown (the latter is more common), sometimes found in Caucasus mountains, Altai Mountains, and Tibet mountains and mountains of Gilgit Baltistan Pakistan.[2][3]

Shilajit is a blackish-brown exudation, of variable consistency, obtained from steep rocks of different formations found in the Altai Mountains

It is used in Ayurveda, the traditional Indian system of medicine. It has been reported to contain at least 85 minerals in ionic form, as well as triterpenes, humic acid and fulvic acid.[4][5][

Ayahuasca -- ( yage, harmine ) is noted for inducing the user to upchuck black vomitus...

Belladonna -- This extremely dangerous drug expels countless black mite-like astral insects through the skin... Absolutely not recommended, even if you think you know psychopharmacology..

Morgellon's Disease --

" It Runs On Water "
Griggs' Hydrosonic Pump & other over-unity inventions
( e.g., Chernetskii, ZPE, Meyer, Patterson )

Friedrich Luling Magnet Motor

Lueling Permanent Magnet Motor - Vintage Self-running Magnet Motor from the 1960s

Sepp Hasslberger's Sci-Tech News Service

Ricardo Azevedo & Ernesto Gonzalez : T Power H20

Widely reported / repeated on the internet recently ... This website / article provides the most information :
August 5th, 2015

Brazilian Man Builds Clean Motorcycle That Can Travel 300 Miles on a Liter of Water



Public officer Ricardo Azevedo is turning heads in his hometown of Sao Paulo, Brazil, with his intriguing invention – a motorcycle that runs on water. The revolutionary bike – aptly dubbed ‘T Power H2O’ – is able to travel up to 310 miles (nearly 500 kilometers) on a single liter of water!

In a recently released video, Azevedo is shown drinking from a water bottle before pouring it into the tank to prove that his bike runs solely on water and not some kind of fuel. But clean water is optional, as he later demonstrates by filling the tank with polluted water from the Tiete River.

The T Power H2O motorcycle incorporates an external car battery that produces electricity and separates hydrogen from water molecules. This results in combustion, releasing energy that fuels the bike. “The advantage of this motorcycle, which works with the hydrogen that comes from the water, is that the result that comes of the exhaust is water vapor,” Azevedo explains. “This is different from gasoline, the result of which is carbon monoxide.”

For now, Azevedo’s special motorcycle is only a prototype, but since it doesn’t compromise on looks – it seems every bit as cool and rugged as a regular motorcycle – it may prove a hit with motorcycle enthusiasts if he can find investors willing to mass produce it.

News of the T Power H2O motorbike and footage of Ricardo Azevedo driving and refueling it with water captured the imagination of thousands of motorists in South America, but also generated some concerns about the accuracy of the reports. A number of people have claimed that the external battery used for the electrolysis process could not generate enough energy to keep the bike running for the reported 310 miles. To this Azevedo answered that they use a system similar to the Kinetic Energy Recovery System (KERS) used in Formula 1 to recharge the battery on the go. While this doe not eliminate the need for an eventual recharge, it increases battery life significantly. Thus the bike can run for approximately 10 hours.

Others claimed that the amount of hydrogen created through simple electrolysis could not generate enough energy to power the T Power H2O. Gabriel Azevedo, who helped his father build the revolutionary motorcycle, said they use a variety of chemical additives that make the electrolysis process 350% more efficient. He added that they tested a number of additives of six months, and that they could achieve even better results, but more research is necessary. Azevedo also pointed out that even though these additives raise the cost of the system, it’s still more cost-effective than common combustion systems.

Another inconsistency pointed out by readers was that the hydrogen seemed to pass through the motorcycle’s original engine, without any modifications. Both Ricardo Azevedo and Ernesto Gonzalez, a professor of chemistry at the University of Sao Paulo confirmed that the original combustion system can be used to burn hydrogen without any problem. They referred to the cars that ran on cooking oil during the 80’s and 90’s as an example.

There were a number of other questions brought up by amateur motorists, but Azevedo answered them all and offered to take the T Power H2O to an official Honda motorcycle dealer where proper tests can be performed in order to justify his claims. “I’ve made contact with the dealership and a qualified mechanic will conduct and assess the tests. I am also willing to explain and demonstrate the system for those who are interested,” he said

Sources :

Possibly related US Patent by Ernesto GONZALEZ ( the same person as above ? -- an interesting design in any case... )

Electrocombustion engine 

A reciprocating motor, comprising: a piston/cylinder assembly, having an input/output port; an electrolytic cell for generating a combustible mixture of hydrogen and oxygen gases, the cell being connected to the input/output port of the piston/cylinder assembly; and, means for igniting the combustible mixture in the cylinder, the piston being first driven outwardly by the force of the exploding gas mixture, and immediately afterward, being pulled back by a vacuum formed when the exploded gas mixture recombines into a trace amount of water, whereby a single charge of the combustible gas mixture achieves a double power stroke. The input/output port is preferably funnel shaped, the larger end being directed into the cylinder, and the smaller end being directed into the electrolytic cell. The electrolytic cell utilizes sets of bipolar electrodes in the form of laminated panels having a wrap-around overlapping border. A free wheeling piston can be utilized to drive a pump. A crank shaft arrangement can be utilized to translate the reciprocating motion into rotary motion. The electrolytic cell is provided with an integral backfire arrestor in the form of mesh material disposed between the electrodes and the outlet of the cell. The trace amounts of water formed by the recombination of the hydrogen and oxygen gases is recycled to the cell through the input/output port.


1. Field of the Invention

This invention relates to electro-chemical combustion engines, and in particular, to an engine utilizing the recombination of hydrogen and oxygen gases to provide a double power stroke for a piston/cylinder assembly, as a means of using electric power as the prime energizer of an internal combustion piston engine.

2. Prior Art

Many apparatus are known wherein an electrolytic cell is used to generate hydrogen gas, for example, which then forms all or part of the fuel mixture used in an otherwise typical internal combustion engine. In each of these instances, the oxygen gas is not used in the fuel mixture, and it is generally conceded that the use of hydrogen and oxygen gases as a fuel is too dangerous. In modern times, the use of hydrogen and oxygen gases as a fuel seems limited to the field of welding. Two examples of this use are described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,014,777-Brown and No. 3,356,600-Henes. In two engine applications, for example, the hydrogen and oxygen mixture is mixed with air from the atmosphere, as in U.S. Pat. No. 3,980,053-Horvath and in another is mixed with the fuel, as in U.S. Pat. No. 4,023,545-Mosher, et al. In each of these instances, the use of hydrogen and oxygen gas alone is not even suggested, and in many instances, is said to be dangerous or impractical. U.S. Pat. Nos. 2,365,330-Carmicahel and 3,311,097-Mittelsteadt disclose the use of hydrogen and oxygen as a fuel, however, the mixture is said to be used with a typical internal combustion engine. Typical internal combustion engines can not operate on the explosion-implosion principle utilized in this invention. U.S. Pat. No. 2,496,623-Fragale discloses a two cycle internal combustion engine which operates on hydrogen and oxygen gas mixture, but the piston is provided with a number of grooves, in order that water formed during the combustion process can run out of the cylinder. Such a configuration would preclude the use of a vacuum to provide the second half of the double power stroke. U.S. Pat. No. 1,905,627-Holland purports to teach the use of hydrogen and oxygen gas, alone, to operate an internal combustion engine. The engine, however, requires two actuated valve assemblies, and makes no mention of the formation of a vacuum or a double power stroke. In fact, it is likely that the Holland apparatus would be rendered inoperable as any vacuum formed would cause both valves to open, more than likely preventing the piston from being pulled back by the vacuum, obviating the double power stroke of this invention.

In summary, there is no known device comparable to the electro-combustion engine taught herein, wherein hydrogen and oxygen gases, alone, and in a stochiometric combustible proportion, are used as the sole energizer for powering a piston in a piston/cylinder assembly, wherein no valves are needed between the source of the hydrogen and oxygen gases and the cylinder, and wherein the piston/cylinder assembly is sufficiently sealed that upon ignition of the gas mixture, the piston is first driven outwardly, and after recombination of the gases into trace amounts of water, the piston is pulled back into the cylinder by the resulting vacuum suction.


To provide a system which uses electricity as prime energizer to run an internal-combustion engine. It is an object of this invention to provide a non-polluting engine power system.

It is yet another object of this invention to provide an engine power system wherein the combustible mixture is water, which is substantially recycled.

It is yet another object of this invention to utilize a combustible mixture of hydrogen and oxygen gases, an anaero environment, to provide a double power stroke in a piston/cylinder assembly.

It is yet another object of this invention to utilize the vacuum formed after the recombination of hydrogen and oxygen gases to double the power output with respect to the energy required to obtain hydrogen and oxygen from water.

It is yet another object of this invention to provide more efficient means for the production of hydrogen and oxygen gases.

It is yet another object of this invention to provide an improved bipolar electrode for electrolytic processes.

It is still another object of this invention to provide a backfire arrestor so that hydrogen and oxygen gases may be safely used as a sole fuel for electro-combustion engines and other applications.

These and other objects of this invention are accomplished by, in the most basic form, a reciprocating motor, comprising: a piston/cylinder assembly, having an input/output port; an electrolytic cell for generating a combustible mixture of hydrogen and oxygen gases, the cell being connected to the input/output port of the piston/cylinder assembly; and, means for igniting the combustible mixture in the cylinder, the piston being first driven outwardly by the force of the exploding gas mixture, and immediately afterward, being pulled back by a vacuum formed when the exploded gas mixture recombines into a trace amount of water, whereby a single charge of the combustible gas mixture achieves a double power stroke. The input/output port is preferably funnel shaped, the larger end being directed into the cylinder, and the smaller end being directed into the electrolytic cell. The electrolytic cell utilizes sets of bipolar electrodes in the form of laminated panels having a wrap-around overlapping border. A free wheeling piston can be utilized to drive a pump. A crank shaft arrangement can be utilized to translate the reciprocating motion into rotary motion. The electrolytic cell is provided with an integral backfire arrestor in the form of mesh material disposed between the electrodes and the outlet of the cell. The trace amounts of water formed by the recombination of the hydrogen and oxygen gases are recycled to the cell through the input/output port.

Not only does this invention provide more efficient means for electrolizing hydrogen and oxygen gases, this invention doubles the efficiency of any electrolytic cell, by utilizing the vacuum formed as a result of the recombination of hydrogen and oxygen gases to pull a piston back onto a cylinder, thereby effectively doubling the power with respect to the energy required to run the electrolytic cell. Further, problems due to heat and friction can also be minimized, as the piston/cylinder assembly runs essentially cool. That is, notwithstanding the very high temperature of the hydrogen-oxygen explosion, there is virtually no heat build up even when the motor is run continuously. Heat will be mostly friction from the working parts of the engine. The speed of the motor can be controlled electrically, that is by adjusting the voltage applied to the electrodes in the electrolytic cell and/or by changing the geometry of the combustion chamber.


For the purpose of illustrating the invention, there are shown in the drawings forms which are presently preferred; it being understood, however, that this invention is not limited to the precise arrangements and instrumentalities shown.

FIG. 1 is a substantially diagrammatic representation of a reciprocating electro-combustion motor according to this invention, as used to power a pump;

FIG. 2 is a portion of FIG. 1, with the piston in a different operational position.

FIG. 3 is a substantially diagrammatic representation of an electrolytic cell according to this invention;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged side elevation, partially broken away, of any of the sets of electrodes shown in FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a view taken along the line 5--5 in FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a section view taken along the line 6--6 in FIG. 5;

FIG. 7 is an electro-combustion engine according to this invention wherein the reciprocating motion of the piston is translated into rotary motion;

FIG. 8 is a section view taken along the line 8--8 in FIG. 7;

FIG. 9 is a section view taken along the line 9--9 in FIG. 8;

FIG. 10 illustrates an optional valve assembly which may be disposed between an electrolytic cell and a piston/cylinder assembly; and,

FIG. 11 is a block diagram illustrating more fully the operational components of a more sophisticated power system based upon this invention.


This invention, utilized in one of its most elemental forms, is shown in FIG. 1. The entire apparatus 10 is a fluid pump. The fluid pump 10 comprises a cylinder 12 in which a reciprocating piston 14 is slideably disposed. Two sealing rings 16 encircle the piston 14. The piston 14 is essentially free-floating within the cylinder, that is, is not necessarily connected to anything else. Stops formed by protrusions in the inner wall of the cylinder, not shown for purposes of clarification, may be utilized to define the inner and outer limits of movement of the piston within the cylinder.

An electrolytic cell 18 is provided for electrolizing water, in order to form a combustible mixture of hydrogen and oxygen gas. This combination of gases has been termed "HyOx", and will be so referred to hereinafter. The electrolytic cell 18 is provided with at least one set 20 of electrodes, and preferably a plurality of such sets. In the presently preferred embodiment, each set 20 of electrodes comprises eleven individual bipolar electrode plates 22. The middle electrode plate 22m is connected to the positive terminal of a direct current source. The two end plates 22e are connected to the negative terminal of the direct current source or the opposite. The electrolytic solution in the cell is preferably bicarbonate of soda dissolved in water. This solution is safe to touch, even in the highest concentrations, and it is just as effective, if not more effective than other caustic electrolytic solutions which are known and used in other applications and are not to be barred. A backfire arrestor is formed by a metal or plastic mesh mass or otherwise 26, disposed above the electrode plates and below the outlet 28 of the electrolytic cell. Particles of water clinging the mesh material effectively eliminate the hazards of backfire, and at the same time, permit the electrolized HyOx to pass therethrough, into the cylinder. A sufficiently porous sponge material would also be suitable. The electrolytic cell and cylinder are connected by an input/output port 30. The input/output port 30 is preferably funnel shaped, having its larger end 32 directed toward the interior of the cylinder, and its smaller end 34 directed to the electrolytic cell. The HyOx mixture is ignited by spark plug 36. A switch 38 is disposed at the top of the cylinder, mounted therein between two electrically insulated contacts 40 and 42. A bow shaped member 44 has one end thereof flexibly mounted to contact 42. The other end is a contact switch, similar to the points of a distributor which breaks contact with member 40, whenever it is engaged by the pistor 14 moving in toward the cylinder, or to the right with respect to the orientation of FIG. 1. Contact 40 is connected to the insulated terminal of the spark plug 36. Contact 42 is connected to the positive terminal of a high voltage alternating current source. The cylinder wall, which is made from metal, is connected by a wire 46 to the common terminals of the alternating current source. A single power source 48 is indicated, which must supply high voltage alternating current to the spark plug 36 and direct low voltage current, through a controller 50, to the electrode plates 22 of the electrolytic cell. The power source 48 may be an alternating current source, having an AC/DC convertor for powering the electrolytic cell, or it may be a direct current source having a DC/AC convertor for powering the spark plug. Such DC/AC convertors are used in the electronic ignition systems of most automobiles produced today, and generally involve the use of a transistor chopping circuit in conjunction with the primary of a transformer. The chopper circuit changes the DC input to a square wave, which is in effect an alternating current, which can then be stepped up by a teslacoil and used to fire the spark plug. Whenever the piston disengages switch 44, opening the contact thereof, the spark plug is fired. This occurs in each instance when the piston is at its rightmost position, or furthest into the cylinder towards the head.

When a DC current is passed through the electrolytic solution, hydrogen and oxygen gases are liberted from the fluid in the cell, at the surface of the electrode plates. These gases rise to the top of the electrolytic cell, and pass into the cylinder through the input/output port 30. The pressure and volume of gases filling the cylinder is determined by the voltage level at which the electrolytic cell is operated. Certain optimum levels have been discovered, which will be discussed more fully hereinafter. Assuming that the apparatus is in an operational condition, at sometime the piston 14 will be moving to the right, and will engage switch 38. When contact is cut the spark plug 36 fires, and the HyOx, comprising a combustible mixture of hydrogen and oxygen gas, explosively recombines. The force of the explosion of the recombining gases forces the piston out of the cylinder, or toward the left, toward the extreme position shown in FIG. 2. It will be appreciated that the HyOx formed a certain volume of gas within a very small part of the cylinder immediately prior to ignition. When the hydrogen and oxygen gases recombine, they form a trace amount of water, as well as a vacuum, as the volume of the trace amount of water is very significantly smaller than the volume previously occupied by the HyOx in the gaseous state. The effect of this vacuum is multiplied by the fact that the piston has been driven in a direction out of the cylinder, so that the trace amount of water now occupies not only the original volume of the HyOx gases, but a volume which may be five times, ten times or more, larger than the original volume. This very strong vacuum which is created forcefully pulls the piston back into the cylinder, in the direction of the spark plug and switch 38. As the piston is pulled back into the cylinder, further HyOx is also pulled into the cylinder, so that by the time the piston once again engages switch 38, there is further explosion which drives the piston outwardly, followed by what is in effect an implosion, as the vacuum draws the piston back up. This explosion/implosion effect has been termed "EXPIMP" and will be so referred to hereinafter.

In most engines which utilize hydrogen gas or the combination of hydrogen and oxygen gas for use as a fuel or a fuel additive, the hydrogen and oxygen gas is almost always mixed with air prior to combustion. The combustion of hydrogen and oxygen gas together with air, and perhaps with gasoline, means that a vacuum will not be formed as a result of the combustion process, or in any event, if a vacuum is formed, it will be too weak to have any effect on movement of the piston. The vacuum effect is also apt to be dissipated, if present at all, when the exhaust valve opens in the typical four cycle engine. In such known engines, the piston returns to the firing position within the cylinder as a result of either momentum or the firing of other piston cylinder assemblies in a bank of piston cylinder assemblies. Such mechanisms for returning the piston are not necessary according to this invention, as the piston returns automatically and powerfully. It may be desirable to provide this apparatus with a means for bringing the piston back to a starting position, should it misfire in some fashion or should the vacuum be lost, for example, by improper functioning of the electrolytic cell or missing spark plug.

The reciprocating motion of the piston may be directly utilized in the fluid pump illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2. During the upstroke of the piston, immediately preceeding the position of the piston as shown in FIG. 1, fluid, such as air or water, may be drawn into one or more funnel-like inlets 52, as shown by arrows 54. The end of the cylinder 12 is connected to a discharge pipe 56, which has a sealing flap valve 58 hingedly mounted at the end thereof. The upstroke of the piston draws the flap valve 58 closed, so that fluid can be drawn into the inlets 52. When the spark plug is ignited, the piston is driven to the position shown in FIG. 2. As it moves in this direction, flap valve 58 is opened so that fluid can leave exit pipe 56, as shown by arrow 60. At the same time, due to the funnel shape of the inlets 52, and a venturi effect, keeps the fluid flowing in through the inlets. Due to vortices or otherwise, illustrated by arrows 62, substantially all of the fluid is forcefully expelled. When the next vacuum is formed, the piston is drawn back into the cylinder, closing flap valve 58 and drawing more fluid in through inlets 52. As the piston reciprocates within the cylinder 14, a steady pulse jet of fluid may be pumped. Such an arrangement is particularly suited for use on underwater jet propulsion systems for a marine vehicle, as the engine runs very cool anyhow, eliminating the need for sophisticated cooling equipment, heat exchangers and the like. It will be appreciated that the trace amounts of water, which may be partially in the form of steam, will eventually become water and find their way back into the translator, flowing through the input/output port 30, where they can be re-dissociated into HyOx. The sealing rings 16 and the inner surface of the cylinder may be made of or coated with low friction plastic material, such as Teflon. The components are not subject to damage from the HyOx explosion, because there is only enougn oxygen to burn the hydrogen, as long as care is taken to use compatible materials.

An alternative embodiment of a more sophisticated electrolytic cell for producing HyOx in accordance with this invention is illustrated in FIG. 3. This embodiment contains many safety devices and monitors, which of course would not be necessary in the normal course of operation. As in many instances, they are provided in order to prevent dangerous conditions and emergency situations. The electrolytic cell 100 comprises a number of sets 120 of bipolar electrodes, similar to those diagrammatically illustrated in FIG. 1. The number of sets utilized will depend upon the power requirements of the particular HyOx engine and the consequent desired capacity of the electrolytic cell. An enlarged view of a set of electrodes 120 is shown in FIG. 4. In the presently preferred embodiment, eleven such bipolar plates 122 are mounted in each set 120. It is preferable that the plates be spaced as closely together as possible, without of course touching one another. The closer the plates, the less resistance to current flow through the electrolytic solution. As technology permits, separations on the order of molecular diameters, of water for example, are anticipated. Each bipolar electrode comprises a positive and negative plate, one clad around the other. This cladding which also could be sprayed or plated is further illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6. The inner electrode plate 125 is a simple rectangular sheet. The outer member 126 has its perimeter bent around the edges of the inner plate 124, forming a border or frame 128 therearound. When the electrodes are mounted in rows, the exposed surface of the inner plate always faces the back of the cladding plate of the adjacent electrode. It has been found that this arrangement substantially reduces stray current, and in so doing, reduces the operating temperature of the electrolytic cell and other efficiency-wise benefits. It has been found that increases in the temperature of the electrolytic cell result in progressively inefficient operation and lower production levels of HyOx and much energy is wasted in just heating the water. For this we prefer to have a temperature control switch connected to the heating unit. In one presently preferred embodiment, the outer electrode plate is formed from titanium and the inner plate is formed from stainless steel. Many different combinations of electrode materials may be utilized relating to cathodo-anodic relationship with similar results, although the bipolar, clad overlapped edge arrangement is preferred irrespective of the choice of materials.

A further unexpected result of the experiments which resulted in this invention is that lower than expected production rates of gases provide a higher return with respect to the relative cost of energy input than larger outputs. Some of this is of course due to heating which takes place at higher current and voltage levels, which heating impedes the electrolytic process. The following chart indicates experimental results of a typical yet inefficient cell. The chart indicates the current drawn by the electrolytic cell (Amps), the voltage across each set of electrode plates (Volts), the product of the amps and volts, indicating the power consumption (Watts Used) and the assigned BTU-WATT value of the hydrogen involved in accordance with the Handbook of Chemistry and Physics.

Watts Watts
Amps Volts Used Produced

0.1 1.5 .15 .3
0.2 1.6 .32 .6
0.3 1.7 .51 .9
0.4 1.8 .72 1.2
0.5 1.95 .975 1.5
1.0 2.0 2.0 3.0
2.0 2.5 5.0 6.0
3.0 2.85 8.55 9.0
4.0 3.05 12.2 12.0 (BEP)
5.0 3.15 15.75 15.0
6.0 3.4 20.4 18.0
7.0 3.35 24.4 21.0
8.0 4.0 32.0 24.0
9.0 4.1 36.9 27.0
10.0 4.4 44.4 30.4

As can be seen from the chart, the break even point, market "BEP" is approximately 0.4 amps and 3.05 volts in, using 12.2 watts for the input and getting 12 Watts-BTU output. Subsequent cells have proved much more efficient at all input levels, but the BEP remains substantially the same. For all voltage and amperage levels below the break even point, the Watts-BTU produced exceeds the water used. This result is even further amplified because the "EXPIMP" principle supplies power to the piston when it is expelled and supplies power to the piston when it is drawn back, thereby doubling the work accomplished by a single charge of HyOx. It has been found that an adequate supply of HyOx can be provided by an electrolytic cell having a volume approximately twice that of the displacement of the piston within the cylinder. In a multi-piston engine it would likely be more economical to have a small electrolytic cell for each cylinder, rather than a single large electrolytic cell, however individual applications may require some compromise between the two extremes.

Referring once again to FIG. 3, the electrolytic cell has angled or dome shaped top walls 102 and 104, which direct HyOx gas to the inlet portion 106 of an input/output port 108, whose larger end 110 is connected to, for example, a piston/cylinder assembly such as that shown in FIG. 1 or that shown in FIG. 7. The top portion of electrolytic cell is packed with mesh filler material. The uppermost portion is closely packed with a metallic wool mesh 112 of fine gauge. The section between the fine metal mesh 112 and the tops of the electrode plates is less densely packed with a heavier gauge metallic or plastic mesh 114. The minimum water level 116 corresponds to a level within the more open mesh 114, and the maximum water level 118 corresponds to a level slightly above the bottom of the fine mesh 112. What happens is that during the course of electrocumbustion the trace amounts of water formed in cylinders as steam in translator will eventually condense in part, and will roll down input/output port 108, being for the most part trapped in the opening 132 of drain pipe 134, so that recycling of the water at each explosion will not interfere significantly with the out flow of HyOx. In order to maintain the water level between the desired minimum and maximum levels, sensors 136 are mounted through the walls of the electrolytic cell. A fluid level control automatically regulates the input of electrolytic solution through pump valve 140, and permits electrolytic solution to be discharged through pressure relief valve 142. Pressure relief valve 142 may also be adjusted to operate independently, in the event pressure within the electrolytic cell exceeds safe levels. The temperature and pressure in the cell may be monitored by sensors 144 and 146 respectively. Terminals 148 and 150 are also provided, for powering the electrode plates. A controller 152 is used to monitor and control the current and voltage levels so as to provide the desired output of HyOx and thereby control engine speed, output or power. The apparatus is powered by a battery or a bank of batteries 154, and in a reciprocating engine configuration, may also be provided with a direct current generator 156 which can be used to recharge the battery. The average maximum pressure within the electrolytic cell needed to provide proper operation is approximately 15 pounds per square inch.

The application of the principles of this invention as applied to a reciprocating internal combustion engine are illustrated in FIGS. 7, 8 and 9. An engine 200 comprises a cylinder 202, a piston 204 and one or more electrolytic cells 206 and 208. The engine, which can be so constructed as to have a unitary appearance is also provided with electrolytic fluid reservoirs 210. In this instance, the piston is connected to a crank shaft assembly 212, so that the reciprocating motion of the piston is translated to rotary motion. Inasmuch as such an arrangement may be used in a multi-cylinder arrangement, a timing control 214 is used in conjunction with controlling the AC power source 216 utilized to fire spark plug 218. Sets 220 of bipolar electrode plates, as described hereinbefore, are disposed within the electrolytic cells, in order to produce HyOx. The electrolytic cells are powered through terminals 222 and 224. Mesh materials 226 and 228, corresponding to the mesh material 112 and 114 described in connection with FIG. 3 are disposed at the top of the electrolytic cell, providing a flashback arrestor capability. Input/output ports 230 and 232 connect each electrolytic cell with the cylinder. As in the other embodiment described in connection with FIGS. 1 and 2, the piston is provided with sealing rings 234. The operation of this engine is identical to the fluid pumping engine. HyOx enters the cylinder when the piston is at the top of its upstroke, and upon ignition by the spark plug explodes, forcing the piston downwardly, or out of the cylinder. After the piston has travelled sufficiently far to rotate the cam shaft more than 180 DEG, the resulting vacuum pulls the piston back up into the cylinder, completing one revolution of rotary motion with two power strokes. As the piston moves back up the cylinder, more HyOx is pulled and pumped therein helped by the pressure at translator and after the piston passes top dead center, a further ignition drives the piston back downwardly, repeating the cycle. This operation is possible without opening and closing valves in connection with ports 230 and 232, as operation can be controlled by adjusting the voltage across the electrode plates. However, if desired, further control can be provided by flap or other valve as illustrated in FIG. 10. In a simple one cylinder engine it would also be possible to use a self-firing mechanism such as that described in connection with the fluid pump of FIGS. 1 and 2. The various safety and control members described in connection with FIG. 3 have been eliminated from this embodiment for purposes of clarification, however they may also be included as well. Further, in such an arrangement, the electrolytic cell need not be built integrally with or mounted adjacent to the piston/cylinder assembly, although this is a convenient arrangement as it saves space. It must be remembered that if a modified engine according to this invention is used in place of a conventional internal combustion engine, the elimination of the carburetor, air filter, exhaust manifold, intake manifold, catalytic converter and most of the cooling system, just to name a few, will result in considerable savings in weight and space, notwithstanding the necessity to provide one or more batteries.

A more sophisticated system for use in an engine which might replace a conventional internal combustion engine, having a plurality of cylinders, is illustrated in block diagram form in FIG. 11. An electrolytic cell 300 produces hydrogen gas, oxygen gas and some amount of water therewith. This mixture is passed through dehumidifier 302, which removes much of the liquid water, allowing it to run into a settling basin 304. The dehumidified HyOx is then passed through a dessicator 306, to further dry it. From the dessicator, the dry HyOx passes through a backfire arrestor 308, either similar to those described herein, or similar to those now available. The dried HyOx then passes into one of the piston cylinder assemblies, where it is ignited. The explosion drives the piston downwardly, and the resulting vacuum pulls the piston back up. Over a long period of time, there may be an accumulation of liquid water in the cylinder, as it can not simply pass back through the two-way input/output port of the previously described embodiments. Accordingly, a water exhaust valve 312 is provided through which steam can escape, and be directed into a cooling radiator 314. The cooled water is then directed into the settling basin 304, passed through cleansing filter 316, and finally directed back into the electrolytic cell to be recycled and re-electrolized. A timing means for igniting the HyOx charge in each cylinder, perhaps in the form of a modified distributor, can also be provided.

The various applications to which the "EXPIMP" principle may be applied aretoo numerous to list and describe in detail. However, these include for example the use of HyOx as an explosive, which causes a minimum of damage due to the vacuum following every explosion. This is particularly advantageous in mining and under water demolition. Inasmuch as reciprocating motion of a piston/cylinder assembly can be used either directly as illustrated in the water pump, or indirectly as illustrated in the engine shown in FIGS. 7, 8 and 9, HyOx powered engines operating on the "EXPIMP" principle, can be used for almost any application, with the knowledge that they can be operated safely, and will under all conditions, operate without any pollutant exhaust whatsoever. This invention also provides an improved electrolytic cell, so that HyOx can be more easily utilized in known applications, such as welding, and the like.
Journal of Physical Chemistry,  J. Phys. Chem. C, 2015, 119 (33), pp 18927–18934
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b04894

Highly Efficient Temperature-Induced Visible Light Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production from Water

Bing Han and Yun Hang Hu

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Drive, Houghton, Michigan 49931-1295, United States

Intensive effort has led to numerous breakthroughs for photoprocesses. So far, however, energy conversion efficiency for the visible-light photocatalytic splitting of water is still very low. In this paper, we demonstrate (1) surface-diffuse-reflected-light can be 2 orders of magnitude more efficient than incident light for photocatalysis, (2) the inefficiency of absorbed visible light for the photocatalytic H2 production from water with a sacrificial agent is due to its kinetic limitation, and (3) the dispersion of black Pt/TiO2 catalyst on the light-diffuse-reflection-surface of a SiO2 substrate provides a possibility for exploiting a temperature higher than H2O boiling point to overcome the kinetic limitation of visible light photocatalytic hydrogen production. Those findings create a novel temperature-induced visible light photocatalytic H2 production from water steam with a sacrificial agent, which exhibits a high photohydrogen yield of 497 mmol/h/gcat with a large apparent quantum efficiency (QE) of 65.7% for entire visible light range at 280 °C. The QE and yield are one and 2 orders of magnitude larger than most reported results, respectively.
August 20, 2015
Making hydrogen fuel from water and visible light highly efficient


Allison Mills

Mimicking photosynthesis is not easy. The bottleneck of artificial photosynthesis is visible light as converting it into other energy is not efficient. Researchers at Michigan Technological University have found a way to solve this issue, leading to an efficient technique to produce hydrogen fuel. Last week, the Journal of Physical Chemistry published their work.
The technique was developed by Yun Hang Hu, the Charles and Carroll McArthur professor of Materials Science and Engineer, and his PhD student, Bing Han, at Michigan Tech.

"Hydrogen is the future of cars," says Hu. "And if you want to power hydrogen cars, you have to make hydrogen fuels."

In this new hydrogen production process, the key is to understand the interactions of a catalyst, light and a sacrificial molecule. The method could make the sustainable production of hydrogen fuels more efficient.
Playbook of Black Titanium Dioxide, Methanol and Light

As if in a complex sports game, the exchanges and counters between the materials used to split water look like a chemistry playbook. The players are black titanium dioxide (TiO2) and methanol (CH3OH) pitted against electron-hole recombination.
The goal of the game is to produce hydrogen molecules. Basically, that's done by moving an electron from one place to another, like kicking a football to get a field goal. To make that score, a water molecule captures an electron excited within a material. When excited, electrons move up and down in different bands; the lower one here is the valence band and the higher one is the conduction band. The valence band and the conduction band are like goal posts, and between them is the band gap, which is like the playing field. The excited electron is the ball being passed around.
Solar energy, with both ultraviolet (UV) and visible light energy, is what gets this ball rolling. Light energy bounces off the first player, titanium dioxide, which is the material where the valence band and conduction band are in play. That excites an electron, making it a photo-excited charge that shoots up towards the conduction band. For UV light, the playing field is pretty big, and the band gap stretches 3.2 electron volts wide.
Michigan Tech Researcher Yun Hang Hu developed a more efficient method to produce hydrogen fuels using water and light. Credit: Michigan Tech, Sarah Bird

Here's where the game gets more complicated, Harry Potter Quidditch-style, with balls that move quickly on their own. Electrons tend to zip like a golden snitch, and they sometimes misbehave, scurrying back to their starting place in the valence band, which negates the goal score and H2 production.
Enter player two: methanol. When the photo-excited electron shoots toward the conduction band, the methanol donates an electron via an oxidation reaction to swoop in and block the open spot left in the valence band. This sacrificial agent acts as a defense against the photo-excited electron snitching and scurrying its way back.
Playing in the Visible Light Spectrum

The play between titanium dioxide, methanol and UV light serves up hydrogen (H2) molecules. However, UV is only a very small part (4 percent) of solar energy. It is important to use visible light, since it constitutes about 45 percent of solar energy. Hu's team has been able to increase the yield and energy efficiency up to two magnitudes greater than previously reported results using visible light instead of UV. But they had to change the playing field to do so.
"It's a two-part process," Hu says, explaining that the catalyst is black titanium dioxide (with 1 percent platinum), which attaches to a silicon dioxide substrate in their set-up. Hu's team first generated a "light-diffuse-reflected surface" for the silicon dioxide, making it bumpy, which traps light waves and bounces them around. "We put the catalyst on the scattered surface, and it can increase the light absorption by one hundred times," he explains.
Light absorption is an important step that generates photo-excited electrons, but it's only part of what's needed. Using visible light shortens the playing field, altering the band gap to only 1.3 electron volts in black titanium oxide. Specifically, that's because an electron is excited to conduction band from Ti3+ energy level instead of the valence band, which is like starting at the 10-yard line instead of the 50-yard line

The photo-excited electron has less distance to travel to the conduction band, but methanol doesn't like to play along. The shortened distance from methanol to Ti3+ energy level greatly reduces methanol's oxidation reaction, giving it less motivation to fill the leftover hole in the Ti3+ energy level. So, it needed a little heat in the second step of the process to get that reaction going again.

"We used temperature to increase the energy for methanol oxidation to donate electrons," Hu says, adding that in the experiment they found 280 degrees Celsius to be the sweet spot.

With the modified silicon dioxide substrate and heat, Hu's team also had to design a different set-up for the experiment. The water they used was steam, pushed into a chamber where it collided with a disk of roughened silicon dioxide studded with black titanium dioxide-platinum catalyst. Visible light then excited the electrons, and the hydrogen could then be syphoned off.

"The set-up is not complicated," Hu says. "It's actually convenient for scaling up commercially."

Furthermore, this work created a hybrid process using both light and heat, which has opened a new door for visible light photosynthesis. The method is a big step closer to mimicking photosynthesis.
August 21, 2015
New drug protects against the deadly effects of nuclear radiation 24 hours after exposure

A new breakthrough has been reported in countering the deadly effects of radiation exposure. A single injection of a regenerative peptide was shown to significantly increase survival in mice when given 24 hours after nuclear radiation exposure.
An interdisciplinary research team led by The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston reports a new breakthrough in countering the deadly effects of radiation exposure. A single injection of a regenerative peptide was shown to significantly increase survival in mice when given 24 hours after nuclear radiation exposure. The study currently appears in Laboratory Investigation, a journal in the Nature Publishing group.

UTMB lead author Carla Kantara, postdoctoral fellow in biochemistry and molecular biology, said that a single injection of the investigative peptide drug TP508 given 24 hours after a potentially-lethal exposure to radiation appears to significantly increase survival and delay mortality in mice by counteracting damage to the gastrointestinal system.

The threat of a nuclear incident, with the potential to kill or injure thousands of people, has raised global awareness about the need for medical countermeasures that can prevent radiation-induced bodily damage and keep people alive, even if given a day or more after contact with nuclear radiation.

Exposure to high doses of radiation triggers a number of potentially lethal effects. Among the most severe of these effects is the gastrointestinal, or GI, toxicity syndrome that is caused by radiation-induced destruction of the intestinal lining. This type of GI damage decreases the ability of the body to absorb water and causes electrolyte imbalances, bacterial infection, intestinal leakage, sepsis and death.

The GI toxicity syndrome is triggered by radiation-induced damage to crypt cells in the small intestines and colon that must continuously replenish in order for the GI tract to work properly. Crypt cells are especially susceptible to radiation damage and serve as an indicator of whether someone will survive after total body radiation exposure.

"The lack of available treatments that can effectively protect against radiation-induced damage has prompted a search for countermeasures that can minimize the effects of radiation after exposure, accelerate tissue repair in radiation-exposed individuals and increase the chances for survival following a nuclear event," said Darrell Carney, UTMB adjunct professor in biochemistry and molecular biology and CEO of Chrysalis BioTherapeutics, Inc. "Because radiation-induced damage to the intestines plays such a key role in how well a person recovers from radiation exposure, it's crucial to develop novel medications capable of preventing GI damage."

The peptide drug TP508 was developed for use in stimulating repair of skin, bone and muscle tissues. It has previously been shown to begin tissue repair by stimulating proper blood flow, reducing inflammation and reducing cell death. In human clinical trials, the drug has been reported to increase healing of diabetic foot ulcers and wrist fractures with no drug-related adverse events.

"The current results suggest that the peptide may be an effective emergency nuclear countermeasure that could be delivered within 24 hours after exposure to increase survival and delay mortality, giving victims time to reach facilities for advanced medical treatment," Kantara said.
Laboratory Investigation, 2015;
DOI: 10.1038/labinvest.2015.103

Novel regenerative peptide TP508 mitigates radiation-induced gastrointestinal damage by activating stem cells and preserving crypt integrity.

Carla Kantara, Stephanie M Moya, Courtney W Houchen, Shahid Umar, Robert L Ullrich, Pomila Singh, Darrell H Carney.


In recent years, increasing threats of radiation exposure and nuclear disasters have become a significant concern for the United States and countries worldwide. Exposure to high doses of radiation triggers a number of potentially lethal effects. Among the most severe is the gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity syndrome caused by the destruction of the intestinal barrier, resulting in bacterial translocation, systemic bacteremia, sepsis, and death. The lack of effective radioprotective agents capable of mitigating radiation-induced damage has prompted a search for novel countermeasures that can mitigate the effects of radiation post exposure, accelerate tissue repair in radiation-exposed individuals, and prevent mortality. We report that a single injection of regenerative peptide TP508 (rusalatide acetate, Chrysalin) 24?h after lethal radiation exposure (9?Gy, LD100/15) appears to significantly increase survival and delay mortality by mitigating radiation-induced intestinal and colonic toxicity. TP508 treatment post exposure prevents the disintegration of GI crypts, stimulates the expression of adherens junction protein E-cadherin, activates crypt cell proliferation, and decreases apoptosis. TP508 post-exposure treatment also upregulates the expression of DCLK1 and LGR5 markers of stem cells that have been shown to be responsible for maintaining and regenerating intestinal crypts. Thus, TP508 appears to mitigate the effects of GI toxicity by activating radioresistant stem cells and increasing the stemness potential of crypts to maintain and restore intestinal integrity. These results suggest that TP508 may be an effective emergency nuclear countermeasure that could be delivered within 24?h post exposure to increase survival and delay mortality, giving victims time to reach clinical sites for advanced medical treatment.


New Piezo Crystals Harness Sound Waves to Generate Hydrogen Fuel


Ariel Schwartz
It sounds like a strange combination: zinc oxide crystals, water, and noise pollution. But scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have discovered that the mix can efficiently produce hydrogen without the need for a dirty catalyst like oil. By submerging a new type of zinc oxide crystal in water, the scientists claim to be able to harvest hydrogen using vibrations from passing traffic and crashing waves.

To generate the clean hydrogen, researchers produced zinc oxide crystals that absorb vibrations when placed in water. The vibrations cause the crystals to develop areas with strong positive and negative charges–a reaction that rips the surrounding water molecules and releases hydrogen and oxygen.

The mechanism, dubbed the piezoelectrochemical effect, converts 18% of energy from vibrations into hydrogen gas (compared to 10% from conventional piezoelectric materials). And since any vibration can produce the effect, the system could one day be used to generate power from anything that produces noise — cars whizzing by on the highway, crashing waves in the ocean, or planes landing at an airport. That sounds like a good deal to us!

Peter Lang September 27, 2014 at 9:40 am

the method i use uses 43,000 cps ultrasound and zinc oxide mesoglass. the 43,000 cps is close to the keely water frequency and the mesoglass allows for the formation of anderson localizations.
J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 2010, 1 (6), pp 997–1002

Direct Water Splitting Through Vibrating Piezoelectric Microfibers in Water

Kuang-Sheng Hong, Huifang Xu, Hiromi Konishi and Xiaochun Li

We propose a mechanism, a piezoelectrochemical effect for the direct conversion of mechanical energy to chemical energy. This phenomenon is further applied for generating hydrogen and oxygen via direct water decomposition by means of as-synthesized piezoelectric ZnO microfibers and BaTiO3 microdendrites. Fibers and dendrites are vibrated with ultrasonic waves leading to a strain-induced electric charge development on their surface. With sufficient electric potential, strained piezoelectric fibers (and dendrites) in water triggered the redox reaction of water to produce hydrogen and oxygen gases. ZnO fibers under ultrasonic vibrations showed a stoichiometric ratio of H2/O2 (2:1) initial gas production from pure water. This study provides a simple and cost-effective technology for direct water splitting that may generate hydrogen fuels by scavenging energy wastes such as noise or stray vibrations from the environment. This new discovery may have potential implications in solving the challenging energy and environmental issues that we are facing today and in the future.

Mark Dansie's Critique of the most recent BlackLight Power press release claims :
August 23, 2015

'Magic' sphere for computing using photons

In several years - in perhaps decades, or maybe never - our computers, nanoantennas and other kinds of equipment could operate on the base of photons, rather than electrons. Even now we are practically prepared to accomplish this switch. If it happens, the spheres studied by an international group of Russian, French and Spanish scientists will definitely be able to become one of the elementary components of new photonic devices...

From the center of the sphere illuminated by an electromagnetic wave we draw a line in any fixed direction. Along this line we lay off a segment, whose length equals to the intensity of the radiation scattered by the sphere in this direction. Thus, we get a point in a 3-dimensional space. If we do that for any possible directions, the set of these points forms a surface. Now it is easy, using this surface, to determine the intensity of the radiation scattered in any given direction. These surfaces are shown in the figure. The parameter q is proportional to the frequency of the incident wave. It is seen clearly that small changes in q lead to a dramatic restructuring of the directionality of the scattered radiation. Credit: Tribelsky et al., Scientific Reports
August 21, 2015

Scientists grow high-quality graphene from tea tree extract

Lisa Zyga

...In a new study, researchers have grown graphene from the tea tree plant Melaleuca alternifolia, the same plant used to make essential oils in traditional medicine. The researchers demonstrated that they could fabricate large-area, nearly defect-free graphene films from tea tree oil in as little as a few seconds to a few minutes, whereas current growth methods usually take several hours. Unlike current methods, the new method also works at relatively low temperatures, does not require catalysts, and does not rely on methane or other nonrenewable, toxic, or explosive precursors.

The scientists, Prof. Mohan V. Jacob at James Cook University in Queensland, Australia, and collaborators from institutions in Australia, Singapore, Japan, and the US, have published a paper on the new technique for growing graphene from tea tree extract in a recent issue of Nano Letters...
Nano Letters. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b01363

Catalyst-Free Plasma Enhanced Growth of Graphene from Sustainable Sources

Mohan V. Jacob, Rajdeep S. Rawat, Bo Ouyang, Kateryna Bazaka, D. Sakthi Kumar, Dai Taguchi, Mitsumasa Iwamoto, Ram Neupane, and Oomman K. Varghese

Details of a fast and sustainable bottom-up process to grow large area high quality graphene films without the aid of any catalyst are reported in this paper. We used Melaleuca alternifolia, a volatile natural extract from tea tree plant as the precursor. The as-fabricated graphene films yielded a stable contact angle of 135°, indicating their potential application in very high hydrophobic coatings. The electronic devices formed by sandwiching pentacene between graphene and aluminum films demonstrated memristive behavior, and hence, these graphene films could find use in nonvolatile memory devices also.
April 23, 2014

Scientists Produce Graphene, Known For Its Strength And Electrical Conductivity, With A Kitchen Blender

A Simple Way To Extract Graphene Has Been Discovered In The Kitchen With A Blender

By Samantha Olson

A research team led by Jonathan Coleman at Trinity College Dublin and funded by the UK-based firm Thomas Swan devised a way to create homemade graphene with the use of a common household appliance -- a kitchen blender... according to its publication in Nature Materials...

Scalable production of large quantities of defect-free few-layer graphene by shear exfoliation in liquids

by Keith R. Paton, et al.


To progress from the laboratory to commercial applications, it will be necessary to develop industrially scalable methods to produce large quantities of defect-free graphene. Here we show that high-shear mixing of graphite in suitable stabilizing liquids results in large-scale exfoliation to give dispersions of graphene nanosheets. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy show the exfoliated flakes to be unoxidized and free of basal-plane defects. We have developed a simple model that shows exfoliation to occur once the local shear rate exceeds 104 s-1. By fully characterizing the scaling behaviour of the graphene production rate, we show that exfoliation can be achieved in liquid volumes from hundreds of millilitres up to hundreds of litres and beyond. The graphene produced by this method performs well in applications from composites to conductive coatings. This method can be applied to exfoliate BN, MoS2 and a range of other layered crystals.


A process for exfoliating untreated 3-dimensional material to produce a 2-dimensional material, said process comprising the steps of mixing the untreated 3-dimensional material in a liquid to provide a mixture; applying shear force to said mixture to exfoliate the 3-dimensional material and produce dispersed exfoliated 2-dimensional material in solution; and removing the shear force applied to said mixture, such that the dispersed exfoliated 2-dimensional material remains free and unaggregated in solution.
Aug 26, 2015

Scientists turn cancerous cells back into normal cells

Scientists have discovered a process to turn cancer cells back into normal cells by restoring the balance of key molecules controlling specific cellular functions.

A group of researchers from the Mayo Clinic carried out the research published in the journal Nature: Cell Biology on Monday.

Utilizing the new method in laboratory experiments, the team was able to successfully “reprogram” the out-of-control growth of the cells which would become cancerous. The team noted that further research is required in order to determine if the process would be applicable in human cells.  
Dr. Panos Anastasiadis (L) and Dr. Antonis Kourtidis (Mayo Clinic)

"The study brings together two so-far unrelated research fields -- cell-to-cell adhesion and miRNA biology,” said Dr. Antonis Kourtidis from the Mayo Clinic.

The teams discovered that a protein called PLEKHA7 maintains cell’s normal growth and state with the use of micro RNAs, or miRNA. A decline in PLEKHA7 levels results in the misregulation of miRNAs that turn cadherin and p120 catenin from good to bad.

Based on the experiments reported in the study, if the miRNA in cancer cells is increased back to normal levels, the proteins also turn from bad to good which make cancer growth stop.

"By administering the affected miRNAs in cancer cells to restore their normal levels, we should be able to re-establish the brakes and restore normal cell function," said Dr. Panos Anastasiadis, director of the department of cancer biology at Mayo's Jacksonville campus. "Initial experiments in some aggressive types of cancer are indeed very promising."    

Natural Gingivitis Treatments

Coconut Oil Pulling

Sesame Oil Gum Massage

Vitamin C
August 25, 2015

Rossi has been granted US patent on the E-Cat — fuel mix specified

Andrea Rossi :  US9115913 ...

Note that LENR is not mentioned explicitly in the patent, but also note that the contents of the fuel mix are specified — lithium and lithium aluminium hydride as fuel and a group 10 element, such as nickel in powdered form as the catalyst. This is important since fuel and catalyst specifications are lacking from an earlier patent application by Rossi on the E-Cat.

[ R.N., Ed. Note : LiAlHydride + H2O = boom ( in my experience )... If the system is enclosed /closed cycle, there certainly will be heat released for capture, and perhaps it will appear to be excessive, but LAH is not a catalyst, and the presence of other elements will not make it a catalyst. Even if  somehow there is a regenerative synthesis of LAH going on, which is extremely unlikely ( I'm not familiar with the various syntheses of LAH, but there is almost no chance that such is occurring under such circumstances ), that does not make LAH a catalyst by definition. Perhaps the mix of other elements has a catalytic effect, but not LAH. ]
August 5, 2015

The One Amino Acid You Should Be Eating to Lose 62% More Fat
And where you can find it

Christina Sarich

There are far too many fad diets out there that skimp on real nutrition, and worse, sell pre-packaged foods that are called ‘low fat’ when they also include GMOs, MSG, and a host of artificial colors and flavors. Aside, from simply detoxing your body so that you can lose weight safely, research shows that eating more protein, and specifically one amino acid in particular, can boost your metabolic rate 3 times more than eating a diet high in fat and simple carbs.

Some think it is as simple as calories in, calories out to lose weight – meaning what you eat in excess, you have to work hard to lose. But weight loss and maintenance isn’t always that simple, and it doesn’t always work like that. For example, numerous studies have shown that eating more protein can really boost weight loss, and the body doesn’t recognize ‘calories’ as we have defined them up until now.

This works, in part, because protein takes longer to digest, and can significantly curb hunger cravings. Protein can also help to balance blood glucose and lipid levels, too. Even better, you don’t need to consume protein that is from animals; even vegetarians can boost their protein intake to find good results. (You just need to know some good vegetarian protein sources.)

What is a fairly new discovery in the ‘eat more protein’ camp is that a specific amino acid does a lot of the fat burning for you. This amino acid is called leucine. It helps to prevent the loss of muscle when you are losing fat, as well as helps to retain muscle that is normally lost due to aging. You may know that muscle burns more than fat, so it is very important to retain muscle when you are trying to slim down.

In one peer-reviewed study, participants lost twice as much weight when taking a leucine supplement as those who were given a placebo. Yet another study published in PLOS found a significant effect on adipose tissue (fat cells) when the amino acid leucine was given to mice.

One of the simplest and most effective tricks to losing weight may be to increase your protein intake, but to make sure you are eating enough leucine. The amino acid leucine can be found in the following foods:
Egg Whites     4233 mg
Organic Soy Protein Isolate     4226 mg
Organic Free Range Chicken     3220 mg
Wild Caught Tuna     3574 mg
Pacific Cod     3459 mg
Buffalo     3456 mg
Raw Spirulina     3915 mg

Dr Guy McPherson signs off :
Aug 25, 2015
Fading Away

I’ll be posting infrequently in this space. Not only have I lost critical support, but there is little for me to add. Barring a miracle — the likes of which this planet has never witnessed — habitat for humans will soon vanish from Earth.

Contrary to the misguided wishes of my shoot-the-messenger detractors, I will not be retiring from public service. Rather, I will be sharpening my focus, personally and in the public sphere. Much to the chagrin of those who prefer the death cult of civilization over life on Earth, I will continue to pursue excellence rooted in evidence and also in love.

I look forward to continued interactions with, and life-affirming contributions from, the relatively few people with whom I’ve enjoyed working these last few years. These include, most publicly, Mike Sliwa, Ivey Cone, and Pauline Schneider.

I will continue to speak in public as long as the system allows. Pauline Schneider and I will continue to offer our workshop as long as the system allows.

I will continue to suffer the fools and foolishness of the dominant culture. But not gladly, and certainly not joyously.

I will continue to update my long essay with information about abrupt climate change. I will continue to post occasionally in this space. And I will post the occasional, exceptional guest essay.

I need to live, though. For the little time remaining, I need to live and I need to grieve myriad losses, mine and ours.

Thank you for your continued understanding and support. May your journey be rewarding.

Meanwhile ... Read this utterly mind-boggling compilation and stop kidding yourself -- Game Over ! :

Climate-Change Summary and Update

...In the words of John W. Farley: “The scientific case is not dependent on citation of authority, no matter how distinguished the authority may be. The case is dependent upon experimental evidence, logic, and reason.” In other words, stop targeting the messenger."...

Yummy ! Meally-mouth tastes good ! Stewart Brand ( of Whole Earth fame ) opines :

Rethinking extinction

"The idea that we are edging up to a mass extinction is not just wrong – it’s a recipe for panic and paralysis"

Social Studies 101

The blogazine for center-wing green-supremacist para-Semitic fate-monger conspiracy nut fanatic patriots ...


“The populace must be brought into the belief that every individual within it who rebels … against the efforts and activities to enslave the whole, must be considered to be a deranged person …and… be given electric shocks, and reduced into unimaginative docility for the remainder of his days.”
 ( BRAINWASHING : A Synthesis of the Russian Textbook on Psychopolitics  // )

A phenomenal demonstration of levity : NYC yogi says, "Take this 9-11 snow job and shove it !" -- then walks down the wall of the WTC !
Aug 27, 2015

The Stock Market Crash Of '15 Has Already Begun, And It's About To Get Much Worse.

A series of technical events have already taken place which has caused massive losses in the US stock market..

And it appears that this is about to get much worse.

Have a look at this chart segment below.

This chart demonstrates the price action of the Dow Jones Industrial Average since the market top in May.

Two critical events have already occurred, and a third appears to be just weeks away.

Take notice to the first white circle 1.

This technical event occurred when the yellow 50 day moving average crossed the blue 100 day moving average. Several days after this event occurred, downward pressure on the market intensified.

Now take notice to the second white circle 2.

In this technical event the yellow 50 day moving average crossed the red 200 day moving average, and just a few days later stocks plunged.

Now look at circle 3.

The yellow 50 day moving average appears to be closing in on the purple 300 day moving average.

It is my contention that when this event occurs, and it appears to be just weeks away, a MAJOR stock market event will occur. We can expect a massive loss in the value of stocks, one which has the potential to be the financial event of our lifetime.

**Unless something intervenes, perhaps another technical occurrence which prevents this 3rd technical event from happening, we may be just weeks away from financial Armageddon.

Israel : Repent or get schtupped ( You can start by getting your megalomanic tushy out of Palestine and Congress ) --
August 26, 2015

Message From the Next World Comes to Israeli Mystical Rabbi, Warns of Imminent War


Rivkah Lambert Adler

For three and a half hours this past Saturday night, Rabbi Amram Vaknin, a 76-year-old Israeli mystic, fell to the floor as he received a warning from the next world.

From approximately 9 PM until 12:30 AM, in his modest home in the port city of Ashdod, Rabbi Vaknin was cautioned that war is coming to Israel very soon, the rabbi’s student revealed to Breaking Israel News.

The most recent revelation from Heaven was given over to the rabbi from a small group, including the prophet Elijah and his own deceased rabbi, Rabbi Moshe Zrihan, along with Rabbi Vaknin’s father and grandmother.

As previously reported by Breaking Israel News, Rabbi Vaknin receives periodic messages from the Next World, warning about events in Israel. Gil Nachman, a close student of Rabbi Vaknin’s, told Breaking Israel News, “Pray that it’s not going to be today, tomorrow or in two weeks.”

Nachman recounted the specifics that Rabbi Vaknin received in the message. “The Muslims are going to contaminate the water, the fruits and vegetables.They are going to damage the electricity,” he said. “And there are going to be people dying in the streets, thousands of people all over Israel.”

Nachman urged that the Israeli water company, the electric company and food importers should be prepared for these attacks.

According to Nachman, Rabbi Vaknin was told that Arab citizen of Israel and Member of Knesset Hanin Zoabi is the one planning it. Vaknin stated his belief that Zoabi is a spy for ISIS and Hamas and is providing the terror groups all the information they need to plan the attacks.

Why is this happening? According to Nachman, it is because the leaders of the generation “don’t want to do teshuva (to repent). They aren’t waking up. Hashem (God) wants to lead them in the right path. We all need to do teshuva.”

Nachman said that in the past, Jewish leaders such as Moses and King David knew about decrees against the Jewish people before they happened. These great leaders took it upon themselves to repent first, but the leaders of today are telling others to repent without doing it themselves.

“Our weapon is not Tzahal (IDF), not Netanyahu, nobody. Only teshuva,” Nachman urgently told Breaking Israel News.

When asked what Rabbi Vaknin said people should concentrate their repentance on, Nachman mentioned four things. Repent for “the inner sins that you hide away from people and the sins that people see. And kibud av v’eim (honoring your father and mother) is one of the most important things. And always say the truth of what’s in your heart. Be real. It’s all about emet (truth).”

“The war is very close. We have no choice. The teshuva of Am Yisrael (the Jewish nation) will determine the rachamim (mercy). But war is definitely coming,” Nachman insisted. “We beg Am Yisrael to do teshuva as soon as possible, because we don’t want to see people dying. Stop thinking about material things. That’s not going to give you life. When Moshiach (Messiah) comes, material is not going to mean anything to anybody.”

“We’re getting close to the big day of Moshiach. Before that happens, Hashem wants us to do teshuva. We have to be ready and prepared,” pleaded Nachman. “When we do real teshuva, Hashem will fight for us.”

Nachman concluded by recounting a teaching from the Talmud, the primary source of Judaism’s rabbinic tradition. The eagle approaches his baby eaglets in the nest very slowly. He makes sure that they notice him gradually, so as not to shock them, because they can die from such fear. Similarly, God does not want to hurt us. He’s warning us to wake up because He’s about to rule the world, so He’s warning us little by little, in order that we recognize His approach. Every earthquake, every terrorist incident, every battle, is a warning to wake up.

Through previous messages from Heaven, Rabbi Vaknin accurately predicted the “Gaza Freedom Flotilla” in May, 2010, the deadly fire in the Carmel forest in December of 2010 as well as Operation Pillar of Defense in 2012 and Operation Protective Edge in 2014.

Quicksilver Messenger Service : Pride of Man

An interesting observation of the little-known etymology, viz.:
Online Etymology

pharmacy (n.)

late 14c., "a medicine," from Old French farmacie "a purgative" (13c.), from Medieval Latin pharmacia, from Greek pharmakeia "use of drugs, medicines, potions, or spells; poisoning, witchcraft; remedy, cure," from pharmakeus (fem. pharmakis) "preparer of drugs, poisoner, sorcerer" from pharmakon "drug, poison, philter, charm, spell, enchantment." Meaning "use or administration of drugs" is attested from c. 1400; that of "place where drugs are prepared and dispensed" is first recorded 1833. The ph- was restored 16c. in French, 17c. in English (see ph).

10 Proofs That ISIS is a Scripted Psyop


Bernie Suarez

Has the ISIS psyop calmed down a bit? Before it dies out let’s examine some incredible ironies and oddities surrounding CIA’s ISIS. After all, the ISIS psyop deserves a thorough analysis from every angle, so I thought it appropriate to outline for the sake of humanity. Hopefully, humanity can use the ISIS psyop as a tool for the final or further awakening. It may be wishful thinking, but it is worth exposing every crack and corner of this psyop and let government know that we are not going for it this time.

I declare humanity too intuitive to buy into this psychological operation and hopefully I’m right. So while the core TV-watching, mainstream media-believing community drinks the government Kool Aid, let us get started by pointing out several glaring observations regarding the ISIS psyop.

Glancing ahead, the ISIS kids have knowledge of things that require you to have education, modern technical skills, a little bit of decency, structure, conformity to societal norms and somewhat transparent connection to the outside world. What are these things and what are some of the surreal oddities surrounding ISIS? Let’s examine:

1. Professional Camera, Editing Software and Skills

Incredibly, despite being savages that only want to kill for apparently no specific burning reason other than that fact that you are not ISIS, ISIS has at least some kind of production department that can skillfully provide what could be considered Hollywood-style editing (of supposed beheading videos) with multiple camera angles, consistent daylight on their subjects and proper daylight mode video exposure. They clearly have the skills for setting up multiple cameras and using those precise angles for their production department. In order to put out these supposed beheading videos, they also had to make sure that the sounds were just right and that there was no shaking of the camera.

Someone then had to take the various video angles and properly edit the footage so as to make it look professional. The editor, apparently a man of class and decency, then is careful not to show any actual action and blood. Savage killers who are ALSO respectful and classy about being too disturbing with their videos. Instead they courteously (but sloppily) cut from the early hand action of their British-sounding supposed lead man, to the post beheading amazingly clean shot of a head sitting on a corpse with the classic Photoshop drop shadows. In Hollywood style, reminiscent of Alfred Hitchcock films, the editor essentially leaves the action to the viewer’s imagination. Even though this beheading movie created by ISIS is not being submitted for any film festivals, they carefully comply with techniques that would make this film fully acceptable into almost any gore film festival.

To those who want to point out to viewers the amazing lack of blood during those first critical throat slices of James Foley’s neck, sorry, exposing this lack of blood is in itself apparently too grotesque by YouTube standards and should you post such a video it will be conveniently removed.

2. Professional Image Editing Software and Skills.

Like the editing software, the ISIS production team shows off their skills in Photoshop image editing software, which often requires an extended learning period, resources, and practice. Despite a few imperfections, the ISIS production department seems to know how to cut and splice out sections of images to produce the desired effect of disconnecting a head from the body. Even if obtaining and using the software is believable, let’s remember we’re talking about savage “terrorists” that are supposedly inhumane. In other words, these are clinically, factually documented psychopaths and not your average person according to government legend. Let’s keep this in mind (psychopaths) when speaking about ISIS.

3. Internet Connection, Video Uploading Capabilities, and Social Media Accounts.

According to U.S. “intelligence sources” mouthpieces, ISIS has all the above including social media capabilities. Amazingly, these covered-face killers have unraveled the secret of how to outsmart every world power including the U.S. Empire with regard to every form of communication. They have stomped out the U.S. military, NSA, CIA, NATO, U.N. and the intelligence of Israel, U.K. and every other nation that surrounds them. You may think it’s not every day that a small group of young face-covered kids can outsmart the world, but this could be attributed to pure luck if you believe in the ISIS psyop. Just to be able to say that you’ve outsmarted the U.S. Empire 13 years after they accelerated their plans to rule the world outlined in The Project for the New American Century document titled “Rebuilding America’s Defenses.” According to the ISIS psyop, that accomplishment alone is worthy of historic recognition.

Here’s a group of young kids with covered faces who maintain Internet accounts without any past due balances, they have wide open social media accounts (Facebook? YouTube? Twitter?) that are also apparently well maintained. They must understand and be properly following the rules of these social media accounts. But wait, if they have social media accounts doesn’t that mean that the social media providers are terrorists too? Unless these geniuses called ISIS are also fooling them as well. I suppose this would be realistic according to the  government narrative since ISIS has apparently outsmarted everyone else.

Okay, forget social media, how is ISIS able to log on to the Internet? Do they have their own ISIS hackers?? Who do they pay their Internet bill with? Without Internet aren’t they lost? No social media and no way of knowing what is going on right? I doubt they have analog TV in their convoys? Doesn’t this present a communication problem? ISIS again quietly has overcome this problem in a flawless and mysterious manner.

4. ISIS Intelligence Operation Apparently Far Superior to CIA/Mossad

Amazingly this group of geniuses who have outsmarted the entire global intelligence community seem to have all the capabilities to put the U.S. Empire’s CIA and their globalist partner Israel’s Mossad to shame. ISIS has put on a clinic and has officially handed the U.S. and Israel their butts in the intelligence department. They not only formed right below their noses, they did it quickly, they figured out unanimously what their mission would be and all agreed on it. Football teams and all sports team for that matter throughout the world could learn from ISIS. ISIS apparently is teaching the world how a team works together. Imagine, the CIA’s mainstream media would have us believe that ISIS is powerful and high in numbers. Really? How would you get that many people to agree on anything? Every NCAA coach would learn a lot from ISIS. Here’s a group of young face-covered men who actually agree on everything. They even all agree not to attack Israel for no reason at all.

How quickly ISIS rose to power and fame and how they operate in such unity should strike everyone as very odd, yet the ISIS psyop narrative continues without missing a beat in regards to these technicalities and finer points. Any way we slice it, the ISIS psyop narratives has a group of kids with hidden faces who have revolutionized the concept of the “intelligence” operation. They solved the CIA Mossad and NSA problems and now are laughing at the global intelligence community. They did this at a time, by the way, even as uncharged innocent prisoners sit in George W Bush’s Guantanamo illegal prison for life. Can you imagine what is going on in the minds of the men in Guantanamo hearing about ISIS?

5. Super Secret Database Holding the Secret Names and Identities of Their Members

Have you noticed that no one knows who ISIS is? What are their names? Why not snag up one or two of them and let the identities come out? No, not ONE member of ISIS is capturable or identified to the world. It’s like they never existed. Not one wife, sister, brother, father, cousin, nephew, aunt, or uncle is speaking out. Apparently they never lived anywhere and never told their friends that they were going to join ISIS. Not one of the has a girlfriend or a spouse that would have spoken by now. No one has come out testifying that ISIS tried recruiting them. Oddly, we haven’t even heard of an angry former girlfriend speaking out about the initial call, the recruiting effort or anything whatsoever. But without a powerful recruiting effort how did they recruit? Somehow they got around this one too. No one knows how. They simply came into being. Let that sink in.

6. Anti Surveillance Technology- Able to Avoid All Existing Surveillance

In the age of super advanced government biometric surveillance, tracking and spying, ISIS has one less problem than anyone in America. Unlike Americans who are constantly under the threat of being surveilled and spied on by the U.S. empire, ISIS lives free of the threat of technological surveillance of any kind. For some reason, their images, faces, voices and actions are not surveilled, tracked or recorded by those who can do it.

“Intelligence sources” are powerless in the face of ISIS. All of the U.S.’s NASA, NSA and USAF technology and equipment makes no difference when it’s ISIS. Despite all this, amazingly we hear nothing about the U.S. military or NSA trying to steal or decode the ISIS counter surveillance technology. Oddly, the topic of ISIS’s amazing counter-surveillance technological abilities is not talked about by anyone in the media or in Washington.

7. Endless Secret Water, Food, Farming and Meals Supply

Anyone who has served in the military knows that being a soldier makes you hungry. ISIS fighters definitely require lots of food and drinks that keep their energy up. You can’t go around killing people just for not being part of ISIS without having plenty of energy and lots of water and drinks. Even in the military, working in the mess hall for some was a career. Why? Because someone has to do it.

When I was in the military I remember the supply specialists; their full time job was tagging along on our field trips, making sure the unit had enough food and water. When necessary, the supply guys had to go to work to make sure everything went smooth. So where is ISIS getting their supplies? Who’s feeding them with food and water? Do they also own the farms? Do they grow their own food? Amazingly, according to the ISIS psyop they do. Or perhaps their food and water suppliers are all part of a secret operation being hidden by the world’s new leader of counter intelligence, ISIS. And speaking of supplies, who’s supplying their actual bullets? Ammunition? Guns without ammo are useless, so the question is where are they getting their bullets from?

8. All American Timing! – Common Enemies, Lucky Gift

ISIS is a unique group from which almost all their goals fit in perfectly with the Bush Neocon plans to militarily control the world. I covered this topic in a recent article. Amazingly, ISIS now happens to hate Russia, too, just like the United States. What are the odds? Bush Neocons controlling Obama and the globalists benefit greatly from more, not less, terrorism. An end to the War on Terror would leave the U.S. without the planned conquering of Syria and Iran and re-conquering Iraq. Without a bogeymonster like ISIS to provide the pretext for invading these countries (in some cases, again) the plan has no legs. That ISIS fits in perfectly with the Bush Neocon plans is merely a coincidence according to the ISIS psyop narrative. Like Lucky Larry Silverstein taking the day off only on 9/11/01 to go to an appointment after never missing work for years if ever at all. Luck, the narrators of the ISIS psyop would have you believe, is something that just happens and should be accepted without question.

But wait, ISIS is so close to Israel, they may attack Israel any given day. Given how fast they move, how well they operate together, their skillful blend of technology and brute force surely they could cause a historic massacre in Israel overnight and leave their trail of blood through large sections of Israel. Isn’t that the stated goal of ISIS? IDF and Mossad have already failed to detect or stop ISIS in any way shape or form so I wouldn’t expect them to provide much of a challenge for the ISIS powerhouse terror group. Given how brave they are, I would imagine they wouldn’t have any problems getting the young men to volunteer for the big Israel attack.

The big Israel attack would gain them all the PR and Marketing they need. Isn’t that the goal when someone opens up a social media account? Hasn’t ISIS demonstrated in the supposed beheading videos that they are serious, they want everyone to know who they are and they want certain things? An attack on Israel would get them everything they want; yet, for another lucky reason (luck of the U.S. and Israel) ISIS doesn’t seem motivated about pulling off the big damage/low-cost attack on Israel.

The irony gets even crazier here. According to U.S. politicians pushing the ISIS psyop narrative, ISIS is not only unwilling to attack Israel, which they could do in a day or two, they instead prefer to make plans to travel all the way to the other side of the world to attack the world’s most powerful Empire of all time. Yes, they would rather risk getting caught, imprisoned or killed traveling halfway around the world than to go for an easy quick strike at Israel. And, for good measure, as if to flaunt their super counter-intelligence capabilities, they are willing to announce ahead of time their travel plans to fly halfway across the world to attack American cities.

So this previously incredible intelligence organization that outsmarted all of the world’s intelligence agencies at once, is now giving away their plans before they even happen. Doesn’t that sound like a monumental change in intelligence strategy from such a stellar counter-intelligence skilled violent organization? Apparently in the “new” ISIS philosophy they now give away their plans ahead of time knowing that NOT giving away their plans worked pretty well during their secret and rapid rise to power under everyone’s noses. Keep in mind ISIS uses U.S. military gear which they accidentally “found” in Iraq. The military gear – including tanks, artillery weapons and high-powered guns – all just happened to work perfectly, and for good measure they apparently have all the ammunition to go with these weapons.

But wait, you might say, how can ISIS transport huge military equipment to the U.S. for an attack? Not one U.S. “intelligence source” seems to know the answer to this. Apparently ISIS is not just lucky like lucky Larry, they also have a lot of money (that no one seems to know the origin of) and they are very versatile. The ISIS engineers are apparently working on brand new smaller, easier to hide weapons that are not detectable by airport scanners or surveillance cameras. Is ISIS starting to sound like James Bond yet?

9. Complete Ongoing Immunity and Hidden Identities

Amazingly, ISIS is unknown to anyone (as mentioned in number 6). Even if their database is never discovered, ISIS is skilled at knowing when to wear their masks. I mean, you wouldn’t want to be caught without your mask right? And if you are caught without your mask and someone videotapes you, does that mean they kill you? No big deal? How does that work? One thing we know is that ISIS thus far (and they have been around allegedly a few years) has been perfect at hiding their faces. Not ONE video or photo exists where one member of ISIS showed his face. Amazing? Yes, for a group that has regular social media and Internet access. Where are the images of these men that belong to ISIS and why hide your face anyway? This amazing stroke of luck of not having even one member show his face or having his identity known to the world is an amazing accomplishment given all the technology and media available as mentioned before.

With this ongoing face-hiding playing out to perfection, once again ISIS is schooling the world on how to be a criminal in the face of the global police state and get away with it. Do you realize someone you know or someone they know could be part of ISIS without anyone knowing? Is ISIS really Blackwater? Academi? You know, the U.S.’s private mercenary organization that likes to change its name all the time. Is this the reason why “ISIS” covers their face? Even James Bond could not successfully hide his identity for very long and he’s just one person. Remember, we’re talking about supposedly thousands if not tens of thousands of young men working as one without one of these men making a mistake. Try to imagine how ridiculous this really sounds. Ultimately, as long as secrecy of the faces of ISIS is maintained, we really don’t know for sure just who ISIS really is. We know what the federal government would have us think, but humanity as a whole is now moving past this type of solution for procurement of legitimate information.

10. Untraceable Money and Endless Spending

Yes, according to government mouthpiece “experts” like Colonel Anthony Shaffer and others, we (the U.S. “intelligence sources”) know a lot about ISIS. They have money, they are organized, etc. But think about it, how come they “know” so much about ISIS’s financial abilities but don’t “know” who funded them or what bank accounts they currently have?? U.S. and its allies’ intelligence only “know” enough to scare you with ISIS but not enough to act to actually stop their banking activity. That would actually stop ISIS dead in its tracks wouldn’t it? But nope, we don’t want ISIS to go away too quickly. The script needs to play out doesn’t it?

This script is indeed playing out, and America and the world is the audience watching the show. Those that are awakened stand in dismay at the level of propaganda we are seeing and are wondering what ridiculous narrative will the globalists spin next to get into Syria and continue into Iran? Others who wanted to believe mainstream media news but perhaps are intuitive enough to not be fooled yet again are scratching their head. We call that The WTF Moment.

While sadly others have seen this script before and for some reason they kind of liked it before. Perhaps they love the post-9/11 feeling of believing government and looking to it for protection from terrorism. Perhaps they love the police state and maybe they are comfortable being surveilled 24/7. Perhaps they know that the only way to maintain their sanity and their lifelong and hard-fought-for paradigm is to simply believe whatever mainstream media news says. This third group will welcome the CIA script.

It is this group (those that welcome the mainstream media script) that makes this next (information war) chess game between humanity’s awakened segment and humanity’s governing segment very interesting. This third (asleep) segment of humanity is playing out the last bit of fantasy left in their personal paradigms. Some of them would probably rather die than face reality. Some of them think they are “saving” themselves from reality. Reality, with some of these people, thus takes on the role of sin in that they want to save themselves from this consciousness. For others the same reality takes on a role of “insanity”. The goal thus becomes to “preserve” their consciousness from this “insanity” or tin foil, crazy, lunatic, “conspiracy theories”- you get the picture.

That is how the ISIS psyop divides itself upon humanity. Recognizing the three primary forms of consciousness will help us arrive at a consensus on how to move forward to fix this problem. Let’s hope that we (humanity) can figure it out quickly this time and with the fewest amount of lost lives. Let us pray for humanity and for the survival of the human race. Let’s remember that all those logos, flags, ideologies, and concepts of governments are all just artificial agreements. Let’s all try to see the biggest picture, which is that we are all part of a species (humanity) which is actually trying to kill itself off. Let’s not let tiny individual samples of our own species ruin it for all of us. They’ve tried everything they have, so they have to start repeating their tactics. They are making the script easier for us all. Let’s take advantage of this weakness they are showing. The weakness of lack of creativity. This lack of creativity is glaringly obvious to all of us now. The globalists are not very creative and they like to repeat their tactics. This is why history is a great tool to expose the globalists and their new world order.

Its been said and I declare again that those who ignore the lessons of history are bound to repeat it; never has this been more true than today. Here’s a word of caution to those who still believe government’s ongoing War on Terror. Look at the past, look at attacks of 9/11/01, don’t you agree it didn’t work out very well for us? And on top of that they took all our liberties away. This is a failed government. Are you going to trust them at a game where you are always the loser? Ask yourself, how did their phony war on terror improve your life last time? Why would this next round of ISIS be expected to be any different? Don’t you want to thrive while you are alive? Then let go of government-engineered lies and narratives and see the greater agenda now for yourself. Then share this message with someone.

Bernie Suarez is an activist, critical thinker, radio host, musician, M.D, Veteran, lover of freedom and the Constitution, and creator of the Truth and Art TV project.

About Rex Research :

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Atalanta Fugiens -- The Alchemical Music of Michael Maier
( 4 Versions )

Manly Hall - Esoteric Alchemy - Transformation of Attitudes

Ingrate feline gets a merciful ethnoetic cleansing : Wimpy whining voyeur commentators raise a PC stink... Sniff cat-pee, wankers !

Cat Says "No More" During A Bath

Ethical Cleansing / Samurai Ballet :

Zatoichi compilation : Yakuza Holocaust

Lawn Mowers of the Gods Redux :

2015 Crop Circle Gallery

All aboard the FEMA Choo-Choo to Camp Hades :

FEMA Prison Train Spotted in St. Louis

Pol Pot says, " Thank you, Henry Kissinger... Thank you, Richard Nixon... Thank you, USA ! " ( Coming soon to a FEMA camp near you ! )
John Pilger - Year Zero - The Silent Death of Cambodia [1979]

Coming soon to a USA near you :
The Killing Fields (1984) Full Movie

Got Ozone ? Got Tetrasilver ? Got et cetera ?

6 Latin American Leaders Who Criticised US Policies Contract Cancer Simultaneously

"Told you so" Fair Warning ( All Trump-eting Demagoguery, but No Policy but "Victory" [  read : War, suckas !  ] ) :

Worse Than Hitler

Even the formerly august New York Times grants that Donald J. Trump has ignited a voter firestorm of grievance against a dumb show election process that rewards a craven avoidance of real issues. Immigration is actually a stand-in for the paralysis, incompetence, overreach, and bloatedness of government generally in our time — but it is a good doorway into the larger problem.

Immigration is a practical problem, with visible effects on-the-ground, easy to understand. I’m enjoying the Trump-provoked debate mostly because it is a pushback against the disgusting dishonesty of political correctness that has bogged down the educated classes in a swamp of sentimentality. For instance, Times Sunday Magazine staffer Emily Bazelon wrote a polemic last week inveighing against the use of the word “illegal” applied to people who cross the border without permission on the grounds that it “justifies their mistreatment.” One infers she means that sending them back where they came from equals mistreatment.

It’s refreshing that Trump is able to cut through this kind of tendentious crap. If that were his only role, it would be a good one, because political correctness is an intellectual disease that is making it impossible for even educated people to think — especially people who affect to be political leaders. Trump’s fellow Republicans are entertainingly trapped in their own cowardliness and it’s fun to watch them squirm.

But for me, everything else about Trump is frankly sickening, from his sneering manner of speech, to the worldview he reveals day by day, to the incoherence of his rhetoric, to the wolverine that lives on top of his head. The thought of Trump actually getting elected makes me wonder where Arthur Bremer is when we really need him.

Did any of you actually catch Trump’s performance last week at the so-called “town meeting” event in New Hampshire (really just a trumped-up pep rally)? I don’t think I miscounted that Trump told the audience he was “very smart” 23 times in the course of his remarks. If he really was smart, he would know that such tedious assertions only suggest he is deeply insecure about his own intelligence. After all, this is a man whose lifework has been putting up giant buildings that resemble bowling trophies, some of them in the service of one of the worst activities of our time, legalized gambling, which is based on the socially pernicious idea that it’s possible to get something for nothing.

I daresay that legalized gambling has had a possibly worse effect on American life the past three decades than illegal immigration. Gambling is a marginal activity for marginal people that belongs on the margins — the back rooms and back alleys. It was consigned there for decades because it was understood that it’s not healthy for the public to believe that it’s possible to get something for nothing, that it undermines perhaps the most fundamental principle of human life.

Trump’s verbal incoherence is really something to behold. He’s incapable of expressing a complete thought without venturing down a dendritic maze of digressions, often leading to an assertion of how much he is loved (another sign of insecurity). For example, when he attacked Jeb’s (no last name necessary) statement that we have to show Iraqi leaders that “we have skin in the game,” Trump invoked the “wounded warriors,” saying “I love them. They’re everywhere. They love me.” In the immortal words of Tina Turner, “what’s love got to do with it?”

Trump’s notion that he can push around world leaders such as Vladimir Putin by treating them as though they were president of the Cement Workers’ Union ought to give thoughtful people the vapors. It doesn’t seem to occur to Trump that other countries could easily get pugnacious towards us. He would have us in a world war before the inaugural parade was over.

The trouble is that it’s not inconceivable Trump could get elected. Farfetched, perhaps, but not out of the question. The USA is heading for a very rough patch of history — as those of you with your eyes on the stock indexes lately may suspect. The country stands an excellent chance of waking up some morning soon to discover it is broke and broken. When that happens, all the anxiety and animus will be focused on looking for scapegoats, and they are likely to be the wrong ones. World leaders considered Hitler a clown in the early going, too, you know. But the Germans were wild about him. He pushed a lot of the right buttons under the circumstances. Trump is worse than Hitler. And the American people, alas, are now surely a worse lot of ignorant, raging, tattooed slobs than the German people were in 1933. Be very afraid.

Former Satanist: “I Performed Satanic Rituals Inside Abortion Clinics” - The Lepanto Institute...
Former Satanic high wizard talks about his experience performing ritual abortions.

AI robot that learns new words in real-time tells human creators it will keep them in a “people zoo”

Rex-ommended Viewing :

The Shift is about to HIT the FAN - Ian R Crane

The Illuminati Card Game

( The SubGenius It-Ching -- Go copulate your fake self if you can't take the Joke ! )
The Illuminati game is a standalone card game made by Steve Jackson Games (SJG). It was printed in 1994. The game looks normal at first look but as soon as you check the cards, you begin to realize that the what happened in the cards came true...
Illuminati Card Game Predictions 2015-2017 - YouTube
September 23-24, 2015 - The Delay, Illuminati Cards
Illuminati Card Game Predictions 2015-2017
June 18, 2015
Illuminati Card Game Predictions Coming True, What’s Next? by Royce Christyn
5 Illuminati Game Cards pointing to 9/23 or 9/24
Rules of the Game
The Entire Illuminati Card Game Collection!
Illuminati Cards Final Deck

Rex-ommended viewing -- Mandatory for SubGenii !

The People's Cube - Political Humor & Satire and correct opinions for progressive liberals from the original Party Organ of Record


Excerpt :
The Human Freedom Index
( 2015 )

A Global Measurement of Personal, Civil, & Economic Freedom

Ian Vasquez & Tanja Porcnik
Cato Institute

...“He who seeks freedom for anything but freedom’s self is made to be a slave,” Alexis de Tocqueville wrote in 1856. In the abstract many people in this world would still agree with him: Freedom should be a human goal of highest order, a purpose in itself. Everything that makes a human truly human is lacking where there is no freedom.

However, in the real world things are not that easy. The support of a freedom-based order is in many ways dependent on whether it is able to provide people with other desirable goods, such as prosperity, self-realization, stability, peace, moral improvement, and so on. It also has to compete with other types of political order. Socialism and other species of illiberal regimes have always been a temptation because they seem to promise a direct shortcut to achieve these goals without having to rely on a seemingly opaque evolutionary and spontaneous mode of development; it would appear that all that is necessary is a robust use of unrestrained power.

Tocqueville himself had recognized this problem: “Nor do I believe that a true love for liberty can ever be inspired by the sight of the material advantages it procures, for they are not always clearly visible. It is very true that, in the long run, liberty always yields to those who know how to preserve it comfort, independence, and often wealth; but there are times when it disturbs these blessings for a while, and there are times when their immediate enjoyment can only be secured by a despotism. Those who only value liberty for their sake have never preserved it long.” ...

The index published here presents a broad measure of human freedom, understood as the absence of coercive constraint. It uses 76 distinct indicators of personal and economic freedom in the following areas:

Rule of Law
Security and Safety
Association, Assembly, and Civil Society
Size of Government
Legal System and Property Rights
Access to Sound Money
Freedom to Trade Internationally
Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business

Top 10 Freest Countries :

1.Hong Kong
3. Finland
5.New Zealand
6. Canada
7. Australia
8. Ireland
9. United Kingdom
5.New Zealand
10. Sweden

...The United States is ranked in 20th place. Other countries rank as follows: Germany (12), Chile (18), Japan (28), France (33), Singapore (43), South Africa (70), India (75), Brazil (82), Russia (111), China (132), Nigeria (139), Saudi Arabia (141), Venezuela (144), Zimbabwe (149), and Iran (152)...

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