( Unidentified Source )
by Anakar M.
When I was forced to cease publishing the [ NATIONAL ] EXCHANGE
last April I told all of you that I was working with an inventor
who had a new synthetic fuel that utilized mostly water and
vegetable oil. It's all true, and it's still developing.
The inventor is David Townsend, a man with unusual insights in
electrochemistry. I have known David personally for a number of
years and I have been associated with him for the past two years,
starting with my interest in his new coating.
In a nutshell, Townsend found a way to make an alcohol-type fuel
from low-cost, renewable ingredients without using more energy to
manufacture than the fuel could produce. Essentially, the inventor
utilized his vast knowledge of electroplating technology to form
macromolecules or colloids from a combination of water, soybean
oil, methanol, and certain activator chemicals. The first combo
was with 90% water. This was later modified to using 80% water,
10% vegetable oil, 7% methanol, and 3% activator chemicals. The
process requires electroplating current and two distillations. To
the best of our ability, we have computed that the energy
conversion ratio is 3 BTU back for every BTU expended.
The cost of a production facility was estimated to be about
$50,000 in materials and one could produce a tank car of such fuel
each day ( 6000 gallons). The cost of making the fuel, which was
tested out at 85,000 BTU per gallon ( the same as 200 proof
alcohol ) was said to be less than 40 cents per gallon.
Too good to be true! That's the way it seemed at first. Then came
the unexplained inconsistencies. Some batches in the 12-liter lab
system were perfect, but others turned to water in a short time...
At this writing Townsend has sought help from other chemists to
solve the problem of the unstable batches. Energy department aid
was sought, so far for naught, and papers were filed with the
State of Illinois for a research grant into this promising new
field. There are negotiations ongoing in North Carolina at this
time and Doxa Fuels International has been formed around the new
Synthetic fuel containing methanol and
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates generally to the field of fuels and
more particularly to a new and improved synthetic fuel.
2. Description of the Prior Art
Prior to the present invention a variety of additives have been
produced to be combined with gasoline to increase octane ratings.
Many of such additives in turn became a source of unacceptable
carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons and nitrous oxides. In the
effort to reduce consumption of petroleum it is known to combine
195 proof ethanol as an extender with conventional gasoline,
generally in a 10%-90% ratio.
The ethanol-gasoline combination remains deficient in several
respects. First, the ethanol is generally derived from otherwise
useful feed grains such as corn. Second, the relatively low ratio
utility of ethanol offers an inadequate displacement of gasoline.
Third, the ethanol-gasoline combination is not significantly
different from plain unleaded gasoline in terms of the generation
of carbon monoxide, nitrous oxides and unburned hydrocarbons.
Finally, ethanol is subject to phase separation from the gasoline
in the presence of water.
OBJECTS AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
From the foregoing it will be understood that among the various
objectives of the present invention are:
to provide a new and novel synthetic fuel;
to provide a fuel of the above-described character which may be
combined with petroleum fuels in increased ratios;
to provide a fuel of the above-described character which reduces
the generation of carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons and
nitrous oxides; and
to provide a fuel of the above-described character having improved
These other objectives of the present invention are efficiently
achieved by linking methanol, butanol and a kerosene type oil into
a stable long chain macro-molecule with a colloid stabilizer
The foregoing as well as other objects, features and advantages of
the present invention will become more apparent from the following
DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
The applicant has discovered that by combining methanol (methyl
alcohol), butanol (butyl alcohol) and a heavy hydrocarbon kerosene
type oil (such as naptha) in the presence of a colloid stabilizer
(magnesium laurel salts), a new and useful synthetic fuel may be
very economically produced. He has further found that by varying
the relative amounts of the three main ingredients the range of
fuels from home heating oil, diesel fuel, automotive fuel and high
performance aviation fuel may be obtained. For example, a fuel
useful as a gasoline extender for automotive use is obtained by
combining 40% naptha, 40% methanol and 20% butanol and adding
0.001 pound of magnesium laurel salts per gallon. The mixture is
heated in a reactor to a temperature of 300 degrees Fahrenheit and
the resulting vapors are passed through a water cooled condenser.
The liquid fuel is collected in a holding tank.
A mixture of 25% synthetic fuel formulated as above with 75%
unleaded gasoline and burned in a conventional automobile engine
has been found to yield very substantial performance improvements
from those of so-called "gasohol." More specifically, since the
synthetic fuel has a substantial oxygen content, the stochiometric
mixture of air to fuel is reduced from 14:1 to 4:1 and the
production nitrous oxides is thereby substantially eliminated.
Further, due to the high oxygen content of the synthetic fuel, the
carbon content of the fuel is more completely oxidized in the
combustion process yielding a higher amount of carbon dioxide and
less carbon monoxide as well as substantially reduced unburned
hydrocarbons in the exhaust gas.
In blending the ethanol-gasoline fuel it is necessary to
scrupulously avoid the introduction of water since a content of as
little as 5% water will cause the two constituents to separate.
With the applicant's invention the use of the magnesium laurel
salts as a stabilizer provides a very strong colloidal molecular
link between the synthetic fuel and the gasoline which prevents
this phase separation. A further advantage arises in that the
colloidal molecular link, once established, involves such strong
electronic forces that when any part of the chain is ignited the
entire chain tends to ignite and combustion is more complete
leaving less residue to foul an engine or burner. A still further
advantageous result is that the applicant's synthetic fuel does
not exhibit the adverse effects on rubber and plastic engine
components exhibited by gasoline either alone or in mixture with
The basic ingredients of the applicant's synthetic fuel are
available in abundance from readily renewable sources. Methanol is
economically produced by pyrolization of any organic matter
including wood, garbage and sewage. Butanol is readily produced by
fermentation of garbage, sewage or animal wastes using any one of
a number of bacterial cultures. Naptha, as an inevitable
by-product of the cracking process to produce gasoline from oil,
is readily available and inexpensive. As an alternative to naptha,
coal oil, vegetable oil or any other similar heavy hydrocarbon is
useful in the practice of the applicant's invention. The term
heavy hydrocarbon as used herein is defined as any hydrocarbon
having sixteen or less carbon atoms and hydrogen atoms at least
equal to the number of carbon atoms.
The utility of a fuel; e.g. heating oil as opposed to aviation
fuel, is determined in large measure by its flash point. The flash
points of the three main ingredients of the applicant's synthetic
fuel are naptha--155 to 160 degrees Fahrenheit; butanol--90
degrees Fahrenheit; and methanol--42 degrees Fahrenheit. Thus,
primarily by adjusting the methanol content the flash point of the
synthetic fuel is adjusted to approximate that of the petroleum
fuel with which it is to be mixed. For example, a mixture of 60%
naptha, 30% butanol and 10% methanol and magnesium laurel salts in
an amount of between 0.0001 and 0.001 pound per gallon yields a
synthetic fuel having a flash point of approximately 115 degrees
Fahrenheit which is compatible with the typical home heating oil.
The range over which the mixture may be varied to produce
synthetic fuels compatible with the range of petroleum fuels is:
Magnesium Laurel Salts: 0.0001-0.001 pound/gallon
It will thus be seen that the applicant has provided a new and
novel composition of matter of great utility as a synthetic fuel
which may be used either alone or in mixture as an extender with a
petroleum fuel. Since certain changes in the composition described
above will occur to those skilled in the art without departure
from the scope of the invention it is intended that all matter
contained herein shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a
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