rexresearch.com


Joseph HIDDINK

Capacity Changer








http://www.groupkos.com/eso/tiki-index.php?page=One-Terminal+Capacitor

One-Terminal Capacitor

The Capacity Changer, in all its simplicity, is a pulse-converter of the Coulomb charge upon one plate of a two-terminal capacitor, which becomes a capacitor having only one terminal when the plasma stream inside of a glass tube (commercially available ultraviolet lights) extinguishes. The plasma serves as the disappearing capacitor terminal of the Capacity Changer device.


http://www.keelynet.com/interact/archive/00000405.htm

One Terminal Capacitor

Jerry W. Decker // KeelyNet
Tue, 29 Jun 1999

Hi Folks!

Comes here an interesting email regarding a 'one terminal capacitor' which you should be aware of thanks to the inventor Joseph Hiddink. This is the email he sent me along with my response and initial  questions. Do check it out if you are so inclined;

Ajax, Ontario, Canada June 29. 1999

In 1933, Hitler ordered his Engineers to build a Flying Disk, that could come off the ground, without any sound, could fly at great speed, without any sound, and it had to be invulnerable. His engineers had read about Vandegraaff's ideas.

The Vandegraaff is a monopole high voltage generator, to a degree. Vandegraaff thought, that if he put his sphere to ground,and charged it up to five million volts positive, the sphere would be positive, the ground would be positive, and plus repels plus, ergo: Liftoff.

So he was invited to come to Germany to do it. But when the sphere was on the ground, it only went to 3000 volts, and that did not do a thing. So in 1937 they switched to magnetics. And yes, by 1941, the day before Hitler invaded Germany, they had reached a weight reduction of their Flying Machine of 120 pounds.

Trouble was, the machine, which even looked like a Flying Saucer weighed two tons. So Hitler scrapped it and went in with the rockets.

Seeing a picture of a Flying Saucer in 1967, and noticing these spheres underneath, I asked myself where we use a sphere in the physics literature.

And yes, it was written in the physics books since the 1800's as a problem. Probably thought up by Faraday himself. I got it as a problem on my final exam Physics in Holland. :

Two metal concentric spheres form a capacitor C.

This is charged up to a potential V.

Then the outside sphere is removed.

The remaining sphere is a 1-terminal capacitor with a capacity c.

The potential on this sphere is C/c x V. If C+ 1 microfarad, and c = 50 micromicrofarad, and V = 1000 volts, we get a momentarily pulse of 20 million volts.

And that is positive all alone, or negative all alone. Of course that is difficult to do with these spheres, so the books caution that it was "Just a theoretical problem".

But what if we can make a 2-terminal capacitor that can be charged up, and then can be changed into a 1-terminal capacitor? That is what I invented 30 seconds after thinking about it..

This type of capacitor is inside every sphere, with the 1-terminal part connected to the sphere. As no charge can exist inside the sphere, it flows to the outside.

If a sphere sits on the ground, and gives such a pulse, the first pulse may not do much, but the succeeding ones do. Earth will repel that sphere. And once off the ground, the electrical field off the sphere (with succeeding pulses) "sees" the earth's magnetic field as "ground" and tries to get away from it.

And that is how it works. The saucer shape is nothing but a reflector. Steering is accomplished by applying the proper amount of power to each sphere with a joy stick. A sixteen year old girl with heavy glasses and normal IQ could fly it.

Offered to Canada as a birthday present in 1967, it was ridiculed by the NRC (Canada), as nobody ever could invent such a capacitor, and as thus it was rejected. Confronted many years later with the patent, they had to lamely admit, that it could be done after all, but the NRC (Canada) was &quotSure that it could not work, no funding!&quot.

After which the President of that institution retired immediately But not before exhorting his successor to keep this invention in the ridicule section. His successor became head of the Canadian Space Agency. If you apply for a patent, you need the signature of two witnessse, who declare that they understand the invention.

One of the witnesses required, was a German, now Canadian Engineer, who had worked on Hitler's Flying Disk. &quotMy God, why did nobody think about that before...? Why did I not think about that before...?"

And he told me about Hitler's Flying Machine that never worked. &quotWhen the project was terminated, we were sworn to secrecy about it, but that is nonsense now, you found it. .. Why did I not think about it before...?" He happens to be the world's foremost expert on the parts to make this capacitor.

Offered to Nasa, the Rocket Experts at the Propulsion Lab, where I was referred to, were &quotNot interested, thank you.!" You can figure out why.

We can fly to the Moon in three hours, if need be, uncomfortable. Or in comfort, using a constant 1.1 g acceleration in two days. Mars in a few weeks. No osteoporosis and no barfbags. The Space station and all that nonsense is obsolete.

Of course, anyone who can find out how a Flying Saucer works must be an idiot. that is, what I was told at the different &quotScientific" Institutes in Canada.

Invention was evaluated by Hermann... (forgot his last name) of the Hudson Institute for Strategical Studies at $600 Billion. Now probably Trillion.

Found 1200 applications, from &quotStarwar" cars that float, electrical engines that need only a battery to start, airplanes that reach any place on earth in two hours, all VTOL, no airports needed, to inexpensive power generators, weather control, tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes etc... Oil as an energy source will be out. No pollution and no noise.

Just new to the net I will probably get my own site and start to advertise some applications. I have to make some money too. I wondered of course why the Patent Office never figured that this invention should be &quotclassified", but you never argue with the dumbells that look after your security. Your security Council was informed before too.

Threaten the President of the US, and CIA and FBI will be at your doorstep in five minutes. If all of the US could be in danger, if this invention is used by another party, who cares... Do have a nice day.

Regards Joseph Hiddink - President Gravityx
e-mail: vliegschotel@yahoo.com


http://www.keelynet.com/interact/archive/00000534.htm

Joseph Hiddink ( (no email) )
Sat, 17 Jul 1999

Ajax, Ontario, Canada July 16 1999

Dear Jerry:

I read in one of the missives, that some people are a little bit confused about plusses and minuses of voltages. I will try to explain once again:

Draw a circle on a piece of paper. This represents the sphere.

Now draw a capacitor inside that circle (A capacitor is drawn, electrically, by two parallel lines that do not touch. Make one of the lines solid, and draw a connection to the circle (sphere).

Draw the other line in stipples like - - - - - -, with swiches on both sides of the stipples / - - - - - - \ .

They are in the 'on' position, and that side of the capacitor is active.

Now connect a battery with the minus to the solid line , via a switch. / --

Connect the plus of the battery to the stipple line part of the capacitor, via a switch / , When both switches are thrown, the capacitor C ( which will have a size of e.g. 1 microfarad) will reach your battery voltage

Q =3D CV

Now we put both switches that are connected to the battery in the 'off' position. That capacitor is still charged, and the sphere would show 12 volt negative. Now the switches connected to the stipples are put in the 'off' position. That makes that side of the capacitor disappear, the solid line is left, and still connected to the sphere, as a 1-terminal capacitor.

But the capacity is now the capacity of the sphere. And that sphere, if it is a little bit bigger than three feet in diameter, has a capacity of about 50 micromicrofarad.,

That is 1,000,000 / 50 =3D 20,000 times smaller. But the voltage goes up 20,000 times. You get momentarily 240,000 volts. and that is negative in nature, like the solid line of your capacitor. And it carries the whole charge of the 2-terminal capacitor. This part is connected to the sphere.

If that sphere rests on the ground, the ground will try to absorb that voltage. But we, very cunningly, repeat the process, fast. And the ground gets another mouthful. But after a few mouthfuls, that part of Mother Earth gets fed up, and rejects the next appetizer.

The sphere comes off the ground. Sure, the ground will then become obstinate and eventually become positive right under the hovering sphere, which would attract the negative sphere, and as positive attracts negative, crash it, accompanied by a short-distance lightning stroke, but the idea is to get away from it all, and after 'rejection' use the earth's magnetic field to take off to higher realms.

There will be a few guidelines for future Flying Saucer operators, probably on a computer screen.

Regards, Joe Hiddink


http://www.mail-archive.com/interact@listserv.capital-master.com/msg00209.html

Re: [Keelynet] Looking for EM experiments not explaind by Maxwell

Wed, 26 Apr 2006

Joseph Hiddink

A Flying Saucer does not have silicon type spheres underneath, but metal ones. They are 1-terminal capacitors.  Inside each sphere is a capacitor, that can be changed from a 2-terminal capacitor into a 1-terminal capacitor. When in the 2-terminal capacitor state, it is charged up to about 20,000 volts or less.

Then it is changed into a 1-terminal capacitor, with the 1-terminal connected to the metal sphere on the inside. The 1-terminal capacitor becomes now the capacity of the metal sphere. It is based on a practical application of a problem, devised by Faraday, written up in the physics books as impossible to do in practice. The problem, if you went to High School: Two concnetric metal spheres do not touch and form a capacitor C. This one is charged up to a potential V. Then the outside sphere is removed. The remaining sphere is a 1-terminal capacitor c. The potential on this sphere is momentarily: C/c  x  V.

Difficult, if not possible to do with spheres, which is the reason that the invention was ridiculed and the inventor insulted up to four months after the patent was granted.

Let me quote from the patent:

If C = 1/10 Microfarad  (which is possible with the design) and is charged up to a potential of 10,000 volts, the charge is 1/10 Coulomb. When this capacitor gets changed into the 1-terminal capacitor ( a sphere of about 2 meters, with a capacity of about 100 pF ), the resulting electrical pulse is about 100 million volts.

Now, a Flying Saucer does not have to go this potential to get lift-off, propulsion and at the same time take power out of the air, unless they would like to destroy a town like Sodoma or Gomorrah. These "Angels" were human, who came in a Flying Saucer.

Tesla had an electric car, with an 80 HP electric motor, an antenna and some electronics. He drove it all the way from New York to Buffalo and back at speeds of up to 90 MPH. No gas. Just like a Flying Saucer, he took power right out of the air.

He refused to tell anyone how it worked, as he realized, that the system could also be used to give every home on earth free electric power. He had designed the Niagara Falls Power Plant for Westinghouse and the investors (Rockefeller and Morgan) would have killed him.

He did not patent it, but I did. My poor wife, reading all the letters of insult and ridicule, was very upset about it and did not want me to work on it, or she would have left me. She died recently amd now I am starting to work on it, slowly, as money is in short supply. Initial experiment in 1967, zapped all the HiFi's and TV's in the neighborhood (I fixed them all for free, but did not experiment at home anymore, as it also blew after a few seconds a big Power Transformer on a pole 100 yards away, luckily a Squirrel was blamed).

Next experiment in the "sticks" had me lightning coming out of the clear blue sky, when I connected the device with a dog-screw to ground, and generated three pulses of 500,000 volts. Offered to Nasa's Propulsion Lab in Cleveland, it was soldidly rejected by the engineers. "Thank you for sending us a copy of your patent!" Who needs a propulsion engineer, if we, when using this system can be on the Moon in a few hours or at Mars in a day or so, no matter where they are located at the time, and all that without barf-bags, heat-tiles, or ostoporosis? I believe that they tried it a few years ago and caused the big blackout in the USA and Canada, blaming a poor, innocent tree.

They did not know about what precautions to take. Any other experiment that you are working on is just a novelty without any real desirable results.

Regards, Joseph H.


http://www.halfbakery.com/user/Joseph_20Hiddink

Joseph Hiddink

Gravity control is so simple, that I (who told the family at age six that I was going to invent that) told my mother on my thelfth birthday, that it was going to be so simple, that a high school student could have invented it. Guess what. The technology was described by Faraday in the 1850's. As a theoretical problem. Unfortunately the learned(?) professors in the years succeeding wrote in the physics books that it only could be done in theory, never in practice. The material to do it existed already in the days of Faraday. I got the problem on my final exam Physics in my (Dutch) High school. Two concentric metal spheres do not touch and form a capacitor C. This one is charged up to a potential V. Then the outside sphere is removed. The remaining sphere is a one-terminal capacitor c. The potential on this sphere is C/c x V. If C = 1 microfarad, and V= 10,000 volts and c = 50 micro-microfarad, we get a potential of 20 million volts. And that is positive all alone, or negative, all alone. Difficult to do with concentric spheres, so I invented a capacitor that can be changed from a one- terminal type to a two-terminal type, gets charged up to 10,000 volts, after which it reverts to a one-terminal type of capacitor. That device is inside these spheres, seen in Flying Saucers. It takes a little bit of capital to build it, but not as much one rocket motor costs for the shuttle. Don't worry, the Nasa Rocket Propulsion Engineers were " Not interested, thank you!". So it probably will be used by another group that is interested in real space flight. We can reach the Moon in one day and Mars inside two weeks. Without the benefit of ostoporosis or barfbags. But who would deny those benefits to Astronauts? Not me. Joseph Hiddink vliegschotel@yahoo.com

[Nov 24 2000, last modified Dec 26 2000]


http://patents1.ic.gc.ca/details?patent_number=1043434&language=EN_CA

CA 1043434
CAPACITY CHANGER

ABSTRACT

"The invention provides a capacity changer comprising at least one evacuated glass tube having an ionizable gas disposed therewithin and a pair of mutually spaced electrodes disposed within the glass tube and selectively connectable through a switch to a first power supply, the gas, when ionized, acting as a first capacitor electrode. A conductive coating on the outside of the or each glass tube forms a second capacitor electrode capacitively coupled to the first capacitor electrode when the gas is ionized, the first and second capacitor electrodes thereby forming a two-terminal capacitor. A second power supply is selectively connectable through a further switch between the second capacitor electrode and the first capacitor electrode when the gas is ionized, the second capacitor electrode further forming at least part of a 1- terminal capacitor when the gas is not ionized. The two-terminal capacitor formed by the ionized gas and the second capacitor electrode may be charged and then, when charged, converted into a one-terminal capacitor formed by the second capacitor electrode. In this way, very high voltages may be attained".


From: "Joseph Hiddink" <vliegschotel@yahoo.com>
To: <sterlingda@pureenergysystems.com>
Sent: Friday, June 29, 2007

Subject: Free Energy

Hi All,

In 1967 I had the good (?) luck to figure out the workings of the Flying Saucer. The Propulsion System and how they are powered by taking energy right out of the air or aether.

I built a small unit, went to 150,000 volts, got a heck of a poke and big bang was heard, the light went out. The Power Transformer on a pole 150 feet away had blown up.

I was called out on business. When I came home a new Transformer had been installed. A squirrel was blamed. My TV and HiFi had been zapped. I blamed the Power Company, bought a slew of transistors and fixed the sets.

A few weeks later I went to 500,000 volts, this time using long plastic rods to activate the switches and a scream from the kids above my workshop told me that the TV was on the blink again and so was the HiFi. Then the telephone of \all my neighbours around started to ring. "Could I come and have a look at their TV..?"

Being on of these Good Neighbors of which you read in funny Novels, I fixed all sets for free but did not experiment at home anymore. Next experiment was in the "sticks".

I got a lightning strike on the tree under which my Van was parked, set it afire, scared the daylights out of me and some poor farm dogs, which were instantly transformed into the fastest whippets you have ever seen.

As a good Patriot I decided to offer the invention as a Birthday Gift to Canada. Canada was 100 years old!

It was looked over by the National Research Council, the Scientific Arm of the Canadian Government. They concluded I was an Idiot. Nobody could ever invent the device I claimed to have invented, it said in the Physics Books that it was only a theoretical problem, originating by Faraday in the mid 1800's.

No matter how many times I wrote and explained, they finally wrote to tell me that my letters would be henceforth in the wastebasket, unopened.

Eleven years later, my (US) Patent Lawyer phoned me that the Patent was going to be granted. He urged me to inform the Governments of Canada and the USA immediately. "It is probably the biggest single invention I ever will have worked on and it could quite well be the Nobel Prize for you!"

Dr. Kahn of the Hudson Institute had told him that it had been evaluated at $600 Billion if the USA would have it before Russia. That was for the Space Application alone!

I wrote once more to the NRC. It was still ridiculed. I asked my MP to intervene. Four months after the patents were granted, the President of the NRC, Dr. Schneider, wrote a highly insulting letter (regarding me) to my MP., copy to the Premier, Mr. Trudeau, about this idiot, who did not know anything about Physics and could the Government do something to stop me from pestering them with his nonsense?

I wrote a polite letter to this President, stating that someone must have mislead him, as I had the Patent now. I enclosed a copy of the Patent.

A letter came back: "Yes, I had the Patent after all, but, "they" were sure that it could not work, no financial assistance!"

I offered to come to Ottawa and have lightning come out of the clear blue sky.

No answer. They tried it and the NRC Buildings were hit twelve times inside one hour. That item was even in the Newspapers!

Now they had lost "face". They decided to keep on denying and poohooing this minor invention. In the USA it went to the Propulsion Lab of Nasa in Cleveland, Ohio.

The learned gentlemen there were aghast. Who would need them if we could fly to the Moon in an hour or Mars inside a day?

They were being paid big bucks and were not going to kill the Goose that laid Golden Eggs and (of course not) kickbacks from the different suppliers.

"Not interested, than you for the copy of your Patent!" After the space disasters I believe that they decided to experiment with it and not knowing about precautions to be taken blew their own Power Transformer Station to Kingdom come and a poor innocent tree was blamed for the blackout.. One year after I got the Patents I went finally on the Web and read about a certain MR. Tesla. I realized that he had discovered the same thing. Two years later, while in the hospital with a heart-attack, due to a severe allergic reaction with Cashews. of which I had eaten a tin instead of making a TV dinner when my wife was visiting friends 600 Miles away, my wife came back home. She found the stack of rejecting and insulting letters and concluded that they were the reason for the heart attack. She did not want me to work on it anymore, the strain was too much for her. Love won.

She passed away two years ago and now I am working on it again.

First a unit that takes power out of the air to keep an industrial device with a 72 volt battery constantly charged.

Next, a unit for home power. Then the real electric car like Tesla had. Next the power for air- and spacecraft. The fourth industrial revolution is coming.

To ensure a long and happy life, I have given the complete circuitry to trusted people in Canada, the USA and Europe.

If anything would happen to me it will be splashed all over the internet.

The units will be leased, so as to get a constant income and keep the Tax man happy. Here in Canada the Ontario Provincial Government is not interested, the Politicians have their fingers in the Energy Pie, e-mail and faxes are not anwered. The Federal Government referred me to the Minister of the Environment who is all hopped up on getting the funding of many billions of dollars to bury Nuclear waste. No answer from him either. For 100 Million Dollars we could fly it to the Moon or dump it at Jupiter.

A real spacecraft can be as big as a football field and be crewed like a Naval Cruiser. Don't worry, the US Navy People were not interested, neither were the US Marines interested in a floating of flying vehicle to be used in hilly country like Iraq or Afghanistan . The poor Oil Barons in Calgary got $510 Million to fight pollution. With $5 million I will get better results than they ever will get.

Patents are expired but I left one insignificant item out to ensure that an unfriendly power would not be able to use it.

When I get enough capital I will have to take at least 1000 patents out. There are myriads of applications. It is like inventing the wheel.  Of course I might be on the wrong planet this time around.

You also will understand that it is not something that should go to a University.

Any disgruntled student could zap all the Computers, Cell-phones and even car computers.

Regards, JH


US Patent # 4,095,162
Capacity Changer

Joseph Hiddink

June 13, 1978

Abstract

A capacity changer device in which there is a first capacitor means of the 1-terminal capacitor type, and an enclosing hollow metal sphere enclosing the first capacitor means which may be spaced therefrom and being itself a 1-terminal capacitor with a current power supply for energizing a number of evacuated glass tubes containing an ionizable gas and forming part of the first capacitor means. It includes a second power suppy for direct current for charging the first capacitor means and connected also to the metal sphere for combining the charge to form a combination with the sphere of a change to a 2-terminal capacitor.
Inventors:  Hiddink; Joseph H. (Ajax, Ontario, CA)

Current U.S. Class:  361/120 ; 307/110; 363/29
Current International Class:  H02M 7/42 (20060101); H02M 7/54 (20060101); H02M 009/04 (); H01G 007/00 ()
Field of Search:  321/15 317/244 307/110 320/1
References Cited:
U.S. Patent Documents:  3562629 ( February, 1971: Troubetzkoi) //  3652914 ( March, 1972:  Krausser)

This invention relates to improvements in capacity changers, and particularly, the change in capacity occurring when a small-value 1-terminal capacitor is changed into a substantial value 2-terminal capacitor, or vice versa.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An object of the present invention is to provide a capacity changer and its construction whereby there is achieved a change in capacity occurring in changing a small-value 1-terminal capacitor into a substantial value 2-terminal capacitor, and vice versa.

Another object of the invention is to provide the means for producing high potentials which can be positive or negative in nature and which are adapted for use in the study of nuclear structure and nuclear reactions.

Still a further object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved means for constuction and operation of a high power particle generator.

Another object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved device for generating potentials of either positive or negative nature of such magnitudes so as to attract, bend or repulse radiation.

Still another object of the invention is to provide novel and improved construction of a device for generation of potentials of either positive or negative nature, to attract or repulse mass.

A further object of the present invention is to provide novel and improved means and its construction for making an inexpensive, yet effective Intense Neutron Generator with possibility for slow to fast neutrom emission.

Still a further object of the present invention is to provide a novel and improved construction of a high power Radio Frequency Transmitter.

Another object of the present invention is to provide the means to generate strong electrical field which can be used to counteract other electrical fields or in conjunction with suitable electronic circuitry to detect interruption of said fields by the infiltration of foreign metal bodies, ore bodies, etc. These fields can be extended to several miles and are not affected by hot and cold layers of water.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a novel and improved means which makes the generation of super high potentials possible, without having to resort to insulators that would be prohibitive in size or cost.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description of the drawings, wherein:

FIG 1 shows a simple capacitor consisting of two conducting plates which are separated by a dielectric;

FIG. 2 depicts a 1-terminal capacitor consisting of a single conducting plate;

FIG. 3 depicts a 1-terminal capacitor consisting of a conducting sphere;

FIG. 4A is a schematic circuit diagram showing the capacity changing circuit arrangement consisting of a 1-terminal capacitor and including a non-conducting gaseous discharge tube;

FIG. 4B is a schematic circuit diagram somewhat similar to FIG. 4A showing the realization of a 2-terminal capacitor including a gaseous discharge tube which is conducting, and in which the ionized gas acts as the second "plate";

FIG. 5 shows a schematic circuit diagram of a device drawn as a glow-discharge device using a power supply;

FIG. 6 is a schematic circuit diagram similar to FIG. 5 but showing a filament type version; and

FIG. 7 is an elevational and schematic view of a composite arrangement including several of the tubes shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 mounted inside a hollow metal sphere, with related power supply sources.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

In the past, the changing of 2-terminal capacitors to 1-terminal capacitors have been regarded largely as theoretical problems and devices. As for generators of high potentials, (in excess of 10 MeV), positive, negative or alternating in nature, they have been seen to be costly, cumersom and to need a fair amount of insulation.

The present invention seeks to provide means and construction for attaining the foreging objects at relatively low cost and with good expectation of rewarding results.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

In order to understand clearly the nature of the present invention, and the best means for carrying it out, reference may be had to be the drawings in which like numerals denote similar parts throughout the several views.

FIG. 1 shows a simple capacitor consisting of two conducting plates 10 and 11 which are separated by a dielectric medium 12 which may be air or other insulating medium. On the other hand, there is shown in FIG. 2 a 1-terminal capacitor 13 which consists of only the single flat conducting plate 13.

As shown in FIG. 3, there is depicted another type of 1-terminal capacitor 14 consisting solely of a hollow sphere 14.

Formulae for the calculation of the capacitance of various shapes of 2-terminal capacitors and of various shapes of 1-terminal capacitors as shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 are well known and given in various textbooks on electricity. The following shows how such elemental knowledge of capacitors is applied in development of the present invention in a novel form and construction.

In FIG. 4A, the schematic circuit diagram shows the capacity changing circuit consisting of a 1-terminal capacitor 15 consisting of a plate 16 which may be cylindrical in shape, and encloses or goes around a non-conducting gaseous discharge tube 18 made of sealed glass or the like material, with electrodes 19 and 20 inside the tube, and which is connected via lead wires 21 to a battery 22 through a switch 23.

In FIG. 4B, the schematic circuit diagram shows the realization of a 2-terminal capacitor 24 consisting of a plate 25 which may be cylindrical in shape which goes around a gaseous discharge tube 26 which is conducting. The ionized gas 27 within the tube 26 acts as the second plate under the influence of the voltagee from battery 30 delivered via lead wires 31 through the switch 32. The capacitance is indicated by the broken lines 33.

As seen in FIGS. 5, 6 and 7, the basic capacitor of the present invention consists of one or more hollow tubes 34, 34A or 34B, which may be round, cylindrical or any other shape and made of non-conducting material such as glass. All of the tubes have end walls 36 at each end thereof and electrode terminals 38A or 38B are inserted through the sealed glass ends. The tubes are evacuated of air and filled with an ionizable gas 40 such as neon or argon, under suitable pressure. The tubes are partly covered with a conducting substance or coating 42, leaving the electrode terminals 38A and 38B free and insulated from the substance 42. The outside surface of each of the tubes 34, 34A and 34B are now for our purposes substance 42, which is a 1-terminal capacitor.

I have found that is is commercially advantageous to use a tube which does not have a phosphor coating, but which is otherwise similar to those used in the lighting industry. This type of tube, shown in FIG. 6, has heated filament-like terminals which make it possible to construct a high speed or fast-firing glow discharge circuit with a lower firing potential.

Thus, FIG. 5 shows the tube 34A drawn as a glow discharge device, using power supply 50, switches 51 and 52 and electrode terminals 38A. FIG. 6 shows the similar arrangement but with tube 34B connected to the power supply 54, including switches 55 and 56 and starters 57 at each end as is known in fluorescent lamp art.

Looking at FIG. 7, there is shown a hollow metal sphere 60 with a spherical chamber 62, with a number of tubes like those shown at 34A and 42 in FIG. 5 or at 34B and 42 in FIG. 6 inside the chamber 62. The sphere 60 acts also as a 1-terminal capacitor, having its own capacity (C equals 0.556 d) and C is the capacity of pF, and d is the diameter of the conducting sphere in centimeters. Even if each tube 34 has its conducting surface 42 connected to sphere 60, the capacity of the sphere remains the same, namely (C equals 0.556d).

If the gas 40 inside the tubes 34A or 34B is ionized by an ac or dc power supply 66 through wires 68 and the switches shown in FIG. 7, and electrode terminals 38A and 38B as seen in FIGS. 5 and 6, a 2-terminal capacitor is formed herein called capacitor 70. Ionized gas 40 in each tube forms one plate and the conducting surface 42 forms the second plate. The glass tubes 34A or 34B are the dielectric.

This 2-terminal capacitor 70 can be of substantial value, depending on the size, shape or number of tubes 34-42 used inside the sphere. It will be noted that, although the capacitor 70 can have a substantial value, the capacity value of the enveloping sphere 60 remains the same.

Instead of mounting the tubes 34A or 34B in a sphere, they can be mounted in any other type of container with a conducting surface connected to the coating substance 42 by a wire 72 as shown in FIG. 7. However, for some purposes described herein, a sphere is the most efficient form.

The 2-terminal capacitor array 70 can be charged by a direct current power supply 74, via switches 76 and 77 and conductors connected to the electrodes 38A or 38B on the ends of the tubes 34 on one side, and another conductor 78 going to the conducting coating substance 42 on each tube. Whether ionized gas 40 forming one plate of the capacitor or conducting coating substance 42 connected to sphere 60 as the other plate becomes positive or negative depends on the connection of power supply 74. Versatility can be achieved by using three-position switches or relays for switching at 76 and 77 of FIG. 7.

After the 2-terminal capacitor 70 has attained a charge, power supply 74 can be disconnected from the capacitor 70 by means of breaking the charging path via switch 76 or 77 or both. The connection from power supply 74 to conductors 42 should be broken to safeguard power supply 74.

The plate formed by ionized gas 40 in each tube can now be removed by disconnecting power supply 66 via switches 80 or 81 or both. When using a filament-type tube 34B as in FIG. 6, it is advisable to disconnect the filament-heating power supplies via starter switches 57 or both.

When fast action is required in the changing to state from 2- or 1-terminal capacitor operation, the gas 40 can have quenching type additives as known in the art. The charge on the other plate (sphere 60 connected to conductors 42) remains. If capacitor 70 (2-terminal capacitor array) had a capacity of 10 microfarads (which can be attained by using a sufficient number of the tubes 34-42) and was charged up to 10,000 volts, the charge would be 1/10 Coulom (Q equals CV). If the capacity of the sphere 60 was, for example 100 pF (picofarads), the potential which is generated is momentarily about 100 million volts.

It is thus seen that the invention furnishes solutions to various problems as mentioned above, and at reasonable cost of equipment and power supply.

Although the invention has been described in specific terms, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that there are many modifications, changes and improvements which may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as herein claimed. Further, if desired, the switching arrangements at 76, 77, 80 and 81 of FIG. 7 may be mounted inside the sphere 60, if convenient.



http://www.keelynet.com/news/042013v.html

...Now I've known a certain very private Canadian inventor for many years...he's brilliant, Joseph Hiddink.

So I had been looking for info on how the Hurwich device might have worked to 'alter the center of gravity of any conductive mass' when Hiddink says he invented it and Hurwich visited his lab and stole the  secret, then copied and claimed he invented it.

I didn't believe him at first, then he explained how it was done...all from his 'one terminal capacitor' patents with similar effects to what  you are claiming...

http://keelynet.com/interact/archive/00000405.htm

Two metal concentric spheres form a capacitor C.

This is charged up to a potential V.

Then the outside sphere is removed.

The remaining sphere is a 1-terminal capacitor with a capacity c.

The potential on this sphere is C/c x V. If C+ 1 microfarad, and c = 50 micromicrofarad, and V = 1000 volts, we get a momentarily pulse of 20
million volts.

And that is positive all alone, or negative all alone. Of course that is difficult to do with these spheres, so the books caution that it was "Just a theoretical problem".

Bu what if we can make a 2-terminal capacitor that can be charged up, and then can be changed into a 1-terminal capacitor? That is what I invented 30 seconds after thinking about it..

This type of capacitor is inside every sphere, with the 1-terminal part connected to the sphere. As no charge can exist inside the sphere, it flows to the outside.

If a sphere sits on the ground, and gives such a pulse, the first pulse may not do much, but the succeeding ones do. Earth will repel that sphere. And once off the ground, the electrical field off the sphere (with succeeding pulses) "sees" the earth's magnetic field as "ground" and tries to get away from it.

And that is how it works. The saucer shape is nothing but a reflector. Steering is accomplished by applying the proper amount of power to each
sphere with a joy stick. A sixteen year old girl with heavy glasses and normal IQ could fly it.

Offered to Canada as a birthday present in 1967, it was ridiculed by the NRC (Canada), as nobody ever could invent such a capacitor, and as thus
it was rejected. Confronted many years later with the patent, they had to lamely admit, that it could be done after all, but the NRC (Canada) was "Sure that it could not work, no funding!".

After which the President of that institution retired immediately But not before exhorting his successor to keep this invention in the ridicule section. His successor became head of the Canadian Space Agency. If you apply for a patent, you need the signature of two witnessse, who declare that they understand the invention.

One of the witnesses required, was a German, now Canadian Engineer, who had worked on Hitler's Flying Disk. "My God, why did nobody think about that before...? Why did I not think about that before...?"

And he told me about Hitler's Flying Machine that never worked. "When the project was terminated, we were sworn to secrecy about it, but that
is nonsense now, you found it. .. Why did I not think about it before...?" He happens to be the world's foremost expert on the parts to make this capacitor.

Offered to Nasa, the Rocket Experts at the Propulsion Lab, where I was
referred to, were "Not interested, thank you.!" You can figure out why.

We can fly to the Moon in three hours, if need be, uncomfortable. Or in comfort, using a constant 1.1 g acceleration in two days. Mars in a few
weeks. No osteoporosis and no barfbags. The Space station and all that nonsense is obsolete.

Of course, anyone who can find out how a Flying Saucer works must be an idiot. that is, what I was told at the different "Scientific" Institutes in Canada.

Invention was evaluated by Hermann... (forgot his last name) of the Hudson Institute for Strategical Studies at $600 Billion. Now probably
Trillion.

Found 1200 applications, from "Starwar" cars that float, electrical engines that need only a battery to start, airplanes that reach any place on earth in two hours, all VTOL, no airports needed, to inexpensive power generators, weather control, tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes etc... Oil as an energy source will be out. No pollution and no noise.

Just new to the net I will probably get my own site and start to advertise some applications. I have to make some money too. I wondered of course why the Patent Office never figured that this invention should be "classified", but you never argue with the dumbells that look after your security. Your security Council was informed before too.

Threaten the President of the US, and CIA and FBI will be at your doorstep in five minutes. If all of the US could be in danger, if this invention is used by another party, who cares... Do have a nice day.

Regards Joseph Hiddink - President Gravityx

http://www.keelynet.com/interact/archive/00000487.htm

http://keelynet.com/interact/archive/00000409.htm

http://www.keelynet.com/interact/archive/00000462.htm

Initial experiment in 1967, zapped all the HiFi's and TV's in the neighborhood (I fixed them all for free, but did not experiment at home
anymore, as it also blew after a few seconds a big Power Transformer on a pole 100 yards away, luckily a Squirrel was blamed).

Next experiment in the "sticks" had me lightning coming out of the clear blue sky, when I connected the device with a dog-screw to ground, and generated three pulses of 500,000 volts. Offered to Nasa's Propulsion Lab in Cleveland, it was solidly rejected by the engineers.

"Thank you for sending us a copy of your patent!" Who needs a propulsion  engineer, if we, when using this system can be on the Moon in a few
hours or at Mars in a day or so, no matter where they are located at the time, and all that without barf-bags, heat-tiles, or osteoporosis? I
believe that they tried it a few years ago and caused the big blackout in the USA and Canada, blaming a poor, innocent tree.

They did not know about what precautions to take. Any other experiment  that you are working on is just a novelty without any real desirable
results...

http://keelynet.com/interact/archive/00000415.htm
Jerry W. Decker
30 Jun 1999

Received this interesting response from Joseph regarding his patent and its uses/abuses....I had reservations about posting the entire thing to the list but it has so many good comments it just has to be shared. He indicates he is working on a website and I'll pass the URL on as soon as it is up;

With regard to the 'one terminal capacitor' Joseph Hiddink writes;

When I invented it, I managed to get GE to make three tubes for me.

When using one tube I got 150,000 volts and a heck of a poke. After that I used a long stick to manipulate the switches. Then a few weeks
later I went to 500,000 volts, and caused quite an uproar by zapping not just my own HiFi and TV for the second time, but also zapping all
my neighbour's TV's. Being a good neighbour, I fixed them all for free, but I did not experiment at home anymore.

With the making of a " magic wand" I was able to lift small pebbles. Now I am getting more tubes made for me.

Beware! When you let too many people see the patent, anyone can zap all computers and all electronic devices in the neighbourhood, including alarm systems. In the wrong hands it can be used to start natural disasters like earthquakes etc.

The patent is so-called expired, but I was not allowed for years to do anything, as I had found that it could be used as a Intense Neutron Generator. It took many years before the Atomic Energy Comission allowed me to write anbout the patent.

So I have been asking about extensions for this basic patent. Others are coming. I found about 1200 applications, from electric fence to weather control. Being just a poor piano tuner at ther moment, and being new to the net, I will get my website soon and start to advertise for Venture Capiital.

Ever heard about Edgar Cayce? When I wrote to the institution that keeps his records, his son Hugh, wrote me to tell that "Father said, that when it will be invented, it will be an industrial revolution like the world never has seen before.." Realizing that some industries like oil will probably disappear, I have already offered some interest to oil producers.

Yes, there is a minimum size, depending on the size of the tubes, and the spheres. And unlike the Wrtight Brothers, who could use their knowledge as bicycle repairmen, it needs some understanding of electronics. And a healthy respect of high voltage.

I tried once, and got lightning coming out of the clear sky, when I
experimented in the "sticks" I have never seen dogs, that were coming to investigate me run so fast. As for size of a Flying machine, a minimum size is probably 20 feet for a FS to carry one person.

The spheres (I bought some old propane tanks, but had trouble cutting them open) will probably made of aluminum. They could even be used to propel a goodsized airplane. But Boeing was not interested., Nor were the Nasa rocket propulsion specialists.

In Canada it was of course laughed out our so-called Science Groups.





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