Emil L. SCHARF
Via : zapatopi.net -- "Serving the Paranoid
since 1997", e.g. :
Prof. E. L. Scharf's Negative Gravity
[ See also : FARROW : Antigravity -- very similar
Washington Times ( Washington DC ) 3 April 1904
When Buildings and Battleships Fly
The discovery of perpetual motion, the transmutation of metals and
the annihilation of gravitation are mysteries which have baffled
the minds of men ever since, and probably long before, the dawn of
Marvelous Possibilities in the Negation of Gravitation
Until the beginning of the twentieth century whenever these
fascinating subjects wore broached, the scientist could only
answer, and rightly, too, "Impossible," for he had neither
theoretical data nor experimental evidence to indicate that such
things could be.
With the advent of radium, however, a long step was was taken
looking toward the ultimate realization of these little-understood
phenomena, for by its wonderful manifestations of radiant energy
it has given us an insight into the actuality of what we term
perpetual motion, projecting as it does its corpuscles carrying
electric charges and capable of doing work without losing any of
its original weight and without cessation; likewise it offers an
analogous condition to that of transforming the baser metals into
those of precious worth, since it is now known with certainty that
radium changes into helium.
These are not mere glittering generalities, but cold, hard facts,
obtained by rigid experiment by such observers as Becquerel, the
Curies and Lord Ramsey.
But gravitation! Is this attractive force which draws bodies upon
or near the surface of the earth to forever remain without the
pale of man's analysis? Radium offers no solution for the
mysterious attraction, although Newton did solve its laws.
When asked what gravitation is it is easy to say that it is the
force which causes every particle of matter in the universe to
attract every other particle. But just what this force may be is
another and more serious question and as difficult to answer as
"What is electricity?"
In either case the laws governing their actions are quite well
known, and since all kinds of energy, such as light, heat and
mechanical motion, may be changed from one to another, it has been
assumed that gravitation is merely another phase of electric or
magnetic action, and according to the extraordinary experiments of
Professor Scharf of Washington D. C., it would seem to verify the
theory that there is a very close linking between these different
Professor Scharf's postulates seem to be based upon sound
deductive and experimental reasoning in that he begins with the
simplest fundamental tests in electricity, namely, electric
attraction and repulsion. If two pieces of paper or other bodies
are equally charged with the same kind of electricity, say of the
positive sign, they will instantly repel each other, regardless of
This can be easily tried by heating a couple of strips of
newspaper, to expel the moisture, and then in a dry room rub them
briskly with the finger tips, when they will fly apart. But this
is not all that occurs; for wherever a charge of positive
electricity is generated there will be in the immediate
neighborhood an equal charge of negative electricity.
In Professor Scharf's description of his experiments in
electrically elevating the body against the contending force of
gravity he does not say how or by what means this negative charge
is absorbed or conducted away whilst the earth and its
complementary subject are positively charged; but with a
fundamental principle of such gigantic import as the one he is
wrestling with it is but natural that he should desire more time
to verify his deductions.
That the earth is charged with electricity there can be no doubt,
though it is not always charged to the positive sign. This is the
reason that telegraphers must search sometimes for what is called
a good ground; but there are places where the earth is constantly
positive and in such a place would the anti-gravitation test best
succeed. Again such a condition might be produced artificially.
The writer has often noted, when working with X-ray coils of high
potential, say of eighty or one hundred thousand volts, that if he
accidentally touched on of the terminals a peculiar lifting
sensation quite like that described by Professor Scharf always
This may or may not have been due to the repelling force exerted
between his own body and the earth being charged with positive
electricity; but it is a significant fact, nevertheless.
According to the laws of electrostatics, which state that electric
charges of like signs repel each other and electric charges of
opposite signs attract each other, it is reasonable to believe
that if the earth and the subject were both negatively electrified
the same result of repulsion would be manifested.
Under these conditions it may not be very far from the mark if we
assume that Professor Scharf has devised ways and means for
charging the human body to a degree of electrification equally
with that of the earth. That it requires a certain potential, that
is pressure, of positive electricity, there can be no doubt; but
there is no difficulty in producing a potential of any voltage up
to a million.
One of the simplest methods for obtaining those high potentials is
by means of a frictional machine such as physicians use in giving
electric treatment. It comprises one or more glass disks two or
three feet in diameter set on an axis and arranged so that they
may be revolved. On one side of the glass disk a cushion made of
silk or leather presses firmly against its surface; this generates
the electricity, and on the opposite side are some metallic points
attached to a ball of metal called the prime conductor, which
gathers in the positive electricity.
If a subject is is now placed on a glass plate to insulate him
from the earth he may be charged with electricity to his fullest
capacity and then if the earth is similarly electrified, or if, as
Professor Scharf asserts, gravitation is a phase of electricity,
the subject must be repelled from its surface. Any object,
theoretically, even if it were a battleship or a skyscraper, must
be repelled from its surface. Any object, theoretically, even if
it were a battleship or a skyscraper, must be repelled if it and
an equal mass of the earth were similarly charged.
One cannot say absolutely that gravitation is of an electrical
nature; but yet we know how easy it is to convert electricity into
magnetic lines of force by merely causing a current to flow
through a coil of wire, and conversely it is just as easy to
transform magnetism into an electric current by passing wire
through a magnetic field; we know that the earth acts like a huge
magnet, and as it revolves in space around its own axis at the
rate of more than a thousand miles an hour it is reasonable that
high potential charges of electricity are set up in and on its
surface and that this is what causes the apple to fall to the
ground and which we speak of as gravitation.
Whatever may be said of the working of these theoretical
considerations, it is good to speculate upon them, not only for
their scientific value, but for the worldwide good they would
bring humanity if put to commercial uses.
Negative gravity would be the greatest scientific discovery ever
Washington Professor Claims to Have
Discovered Earth's Greatest Secret
If you see the Flatiron Building rising in the air some evening
and calmly sailing off toward Westchester, like Santos-Dumont's
flying machine; or if you see Bunker Hill Monument floating like a
bird on the wing up among the clouds; or, better still, if you
happen to see the Capitol at Washington go past on its way through
the air from the Potomac to New England, you may be sure that
Professor E. L. Scharf, of 931 F street Northwest, Washington, has
put his theory of levitation into working order.
Professor Scharf, formerly of the faculty of the Catholic
University of America, now a teacher of languages, has discovered
how to break the law of gravitation. He thinks that he will soon
be able to solve the problem of the flying machine, of lifting
great weights and causing buildings weighing thousands of tons to
sail off into space like feathers by reversing the attraction of
The bald statement of such a discovery sounds like a chimerical
phantom, another fool's gold, the vagary of a visionary recluse.
Admitted. But a talk with Professor Scharf removes all such
The man who thinks he has the clew to the control of a force so
wonderful that it will, if developed, revolutionize the scientific
and commercial worlds, is a big, solid man, modest, practical,
jolly, prosaic, expectant and tolerant of ridicule — in fact, the
very opposite type from that one would look for in the projector
of so startling a claim.
There is nothing of the Cagliostro or Archimedes in his style.
This is probably the reason he has succeeded, even with no more
than tentative results from his experimentation, in interesting
both statesmen and, more to the point, New York capitalists in his
Professor Scharf is confident of the correctness of his
conclusions, and explains that his process is based on well-known
scientific facts, and is merely a logical development of a logical
HOW I DISCOVERED NEGATIVE GRAVITY
PROF. E. L. SCHARF
Formerly of the Faculty of the Catholic
University of America.
The earth being charged with positive electricity, proves that if
a man could charge himself with the same sort of electricity he
would be repelled from the earth's surface. "Like repels like,"
and opposites attract each other. It is a rule that is as old as
You will remember the elementary experiment with the two cork
balls suspended with silk cords. You rub one with resin inducing a
positive charge, the other with glass, charging it negatively.
Then you approximate the balls, and they fly together. Now you rub
with glass the ball you had rubbed with resin, and on
approximating them you find that they spring apart from each
What does this prove? Both the automatic repellance of similarly
charged electrical bodies and the fact that it is possible to
change the electrical charge of a given body.
By charging my body with the same positive force that the earth
contains I have actually reduced the weight of my body seven
pounds, and only stopped the experiment there because I began to
feel a fainting sensation about the heart that made me think
perhaps there might be danger in the experiment.
I had insulated a pair of the finest scales by placing them upon
Close to the scales I placed my electrical appliance, the
construction of which I will, of course, not divulge, beyond
saying that it employs wires which run from beneath the surface of
the earth, connect with my body, and back to the earth again.
Stepping on the platform of the delicately adjusted weighing
machine, I noted with the greatest care the succeeding
I was growing lighter! One, two, three pounds was gone from my
normal weight of a moment before. Prudence or timorousness
dictated a halt, but the exhilaration of hope, the impelling
desire to put my discovery to a positive test, bade me continue.
Losing His Weight.
The sensitive register showed a continual diminution of my weight.
Four — five — six — yes, even seven pounds lighter than when I
first took the record. Accompanying this loss of weight were
strange sensations, such as never in all my life had I
A sense as of casting off physical moorings crept over me.
Lightness gradually pervaded my body, and as I turned on the
current I felt as if I were actually rising; yes, almost flying.
It was a peculiar feeling about my heart which decided me to
suspend the experiments, until I can test my plan on dummies and
the lower animals, to make sure there is no attendant danger, or,
if there is such danger, to obviate it.
For years the idea of such a force opposed to gravity had buzzed
in my brain. My attention was first called to it while I was
connected with the Catholic University.
The reading of the modern and classic Hindoo and Persian works
made me take notice of the claim, seemingly substantiated, that
seers of these two races were able by prostrating themselves upon
the ground, and by other mystic rites which probably had nothing
to do with the natural phenomena, to raise their bodies into the
The ascending of our blessed Lord and Master, Jesus, into the
heavens with a physical body convinced me that it was done by
natural laws of which He must have been the master. The highest
proof of the Master's divinity was His ability to control laws
that to humanity were a sealed book. That he rose into the air
proves to me that He, as master of the universe, understood the
secret of negative gravity.
The fact that all the levitation claimed by the Eastern doctors
was and is preceded by prostration upon the ground reveals the
secret of the phenomena.
I naturally inferred that something in the earth itself was the
power which, properly controlled, was strong enough to
successfully oppose the attraction of earth for physical objects.
As a scientist I knew that electricity was the underlying
principle of many physical manifestations, and that the earth was
charged with the positive element of electricity.
As soon as I stepped from the scales after my experiment of
charging my body with positive force and reducing my weight seven
pounds, the energy employed in the experiment departed to the
earth, and a moment after, stepping upon the scales, I found that
my weight was normal again.
I firmly believe that within fifty years the force which for want
of a better name has been called levitation will be so thoroughly
understood and its uses and control so well demonstrated that it
will occupy a position in the list of great public utilities such
as the electric telegraph, the telephone, the wireless telegraph
and the electric railway hold to-day.
The storms of doubt, the shafts of ridicule, and the jeers of the
unthinking will prove as idle in combating the development of this
new force — or rather an application of that force — as did
opposition, satire and doubts in the first half of the last
century toward crushing a great discovery.
One has only to consult the official records of the proceedings in
Congress to bear out this assertion. It was before you were born,
to be sure, but within the memory of your father, that a modest
appropriation of $25,000 was asked from Congress to cover the
expense of constructing an electrical telegraph line between
Washington and Baltimore.
This line was intended to demonstrate the practicability of the
invention of Samuel F. B. Morse. What happened? Why, learned
statesmen in both houses of Congress thundered invectives against
such willful waste of the public moneys upon a chimera.
Morse was dubbed an eccentric dabbler in hopeless experiments, and
so widespread was the ignorance as to natural phenomena that the
members of the great legislative body really regarded his as
Every inventor, discoverer, or experimenter, who is in danger of
being deterred in his chosen work by abuse from those in
authority, ridicule from the cynical, doubt or apathy on the part
of the public, should refresh himself and take new heart by
reading up on the vicissitudes of Morse and his telegraph.
Fund for Experiments.
We do things differently nowadays. Private capital and
governmental aid is not lacking in any matter concerned with the
onward march of science. This has truly been called the golden age
for inventors, developers, and even dreamers.
Hundreds of thousands of dollars are obtained with ease for the
construction of dirigible balloons, so-called flying machines,
submarine boats of various types, wireless telegraph stations at
sea and on land, new explosives, and new armament, while within
the memory of men now active in Washington life, Prof. Morse was
compelled humbly to supplicate for a paltry $25,000, that he might
give to the world one of its greatest discoveries.
My experience in obtaining the promise of financial backing for my
further experiments is a verification of this statement.
Enjoying a life-long and close friendship with the late Senator
Hanna, I had no difficulty in securing proper letters of
introduction to New York capitalists. I laid my scheme before men
who are pre-eminently devoted to the practical, and have no time
for the consideration of visionary dreams, with an abiding fear, I
confess that my proposition would be considered to come within
I was surprised and delighted at the ready response. "Why,
certainly," I was told, "we are willing to put up a few thousands
merely for experiments. We understand that you are not yet able to
promise certain results — if you were your demand would be for
millions instead of thousands, and you would be in a position to
demand them." With this assurance I returned to Washington and
resumed teaching, having postponed further experiments until after
the coming campaign, in which I expect to take an active part.
EVERY MAN HIS OWN AIRSHIP
With the establishment of control over the law of gravitation,
flying machines would cease to be a need of the world, for then
all that would be necessary to enable one to fly would be for a
man to charge himself with positive electricity to an extent which
would make him lighter than air, and he would rise from the
surface of the earth like a balloon.
A small gasolene or other motor operating a swift propeller, and a
rudder, and motion in any direction would be accomplished.
In order to descend, it would be necessary to carry on the upward
flight a storage battery containing a supply of the negative
current, and by turning this on himself the mid-air traveler would
negate the positive charge and slowly descend to earth.
With such a plan, however, the storage battery would become
all-essential, and what would happen if the soarer should lose
both his battery and his propeller, thus being obliged to remain
suspended in the upper aerial strata for want of a ladder on which
to descend, is a phase of the matter which it is unpleasant to
This idea suggests another one — that of the safe, humane and
speedy disposition of criminals under capital sentence. All that
would be necessary would be to send the condemned man aloft
without motor or storage cylinder, charging him heavily with the
"Scharf current," and he would simply fly off into space and
become a minute speck of star dust, or perhaps form the nebula for
a new planet.
Here naturally occurs an eerie suggestion—that of the possibility
of forcing this current into unwilling subjects, and thus
compelling them to take unexpected flights to Mars or elsewhere.
Why could not any one who knew how to control this mystic field
send a charge into his dearest enemy, while the latter was devoid
of propeller or anti-charge, and thus send him spinning off into
Should this cherished ambition be realized there will be some
lively moving days and giant kaleidoscopic effects for the
inhabitants of this mundane sphere in the future. The Washington
monument, that massive and beloved shaft which towers above all
other obelisks in the world, may become a tourist, and go the
rounds of American cities, historic battlefields, expositions, and
patriotic celebrations, with greater ease than has the Liberty
bell been transported from its revered domicile in the Quaker
More than that — it could be towed behind any sea-going tug to our
world-scattered provinces, by imbuing it with sufficient force to
make it float on the water.
Who knows but that when Aladdin rubbed his magic lamp and summoned
the genii to do his bidding, the huge black employed in producing
such marvelous results the "Scharf force."
The Washington professor holds as within the area of probability,
when his experiments shall have been completed, that massive
blocks of granite, giant pieces of mechanism, heavily laden trains
and lofty buildings will be as easily elevated and shifted about
as pawns on a chessboard!
If ponderous freight trains of a hundred cars may be lightened
with as much ease as he was on the scales, then the problem of
transportation will have been reduced to a minimum.
Another possibility which presents itself is of the moving order,
and truly as fascinating as the Arabian Nights Tales. Swiftly
growing New York, with its ever changing centers of activity, may
become the arena of genuine elevated traffic and of real rapid
transit before another century dawns.
Fancy Greater New York reaching to Poughkeepsie on the north and
to Montauk Point on the east. Imagine the rush hour on "moving
day," May 1, 1999. A vast army of workers, imbued with the "Scharf
current," and with the "negating cylinders" as closely guarded as
the present New Yorker clutches his transfer slip, will be
self-propelled "down-town" to Harlem, or across town from the
present sandy stretches of Long Island. Above the city's hum they
will meet, moving, like themselves, the Flatiron Building, old
Trinity Church, two score giant skyscrapers and a bridge or two
from the East or North Rivers, similarly possessed of the
anti-gravitation impulse, and the never-ending desire to get "up
town" to new and more suitable locations.
War methods will be revolutionized, if some pacific arbitration
tribunal, like that at The Hague, shall not have put an end to the
strife between nations.
Submarine boats charged with the elevating current will steal
under immense battleships and silently charging them with the
deadly fluid, send them into space in the twinkling of an eye.
Then swift and terrible indeed will be the destruction wrought by
contending hosts in battle. Vast armies of invaders will, when
properly equipped with the elevating current and propulsionary
apparatus, rise above the obstacles of transportation, ignore the
forts and destroyers of their foe, turn on the "juice," and move
with awful swiftness toward and over the enemy's strongholds.
Then will come a clash in midair. It will be as easy for the
gunners to train the heaviest pieces of field artillery upon the
opposing force as it now is for the street gamin to aim his
popgun. After the carnage victors and vanquished will alike
descend with the aid of the negating current and settle down to a
truce on the plains or in the valleys beneath.
Romanism a Menace to the Nation
Jeremiah J. Crowley
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