Capacitance Theory of Gravity
Theory of Gravity -- Developed by Morton F. Spears
Morton F. Spears (MIT, 1943) developed a new
experimentally-based approach to understanding gravity based on
electrostatic relationships and the permittivity of open space.
This website is an updated expanded version of an AOL website (now
closed) that he maintained on his gravity research. Annotated
links are provided below to his books and reports as well as to
several of his publicly available patents.
Morton F. Spears died on October 22, 2006. All materials linked
below are posted with permission of the Morton F. Spears Estate.
Force Generating System [ PDF ]
Abstract -- An artificial gravity generation system
consisting of at least one pair of high-voltage electrodes. A
plurality of electrodes of alternating polarity may be arranged in
a grid pattern to form an artificial gravity mat which may be used
in spacecraft. The system may also be used outside a spacecraft to
retrieve floating objects.
Capacitance Theory of
Gravity, Book II [ PDF ]
Morton F. Spears
Quill Publications, Inc., c. 1993. ISBN:
0-9629933-1-X. Abstract: An electronic
circuit approach to gravity is furthered in this second book,
building on the capacitance theory of gravity developed in
CTG-Book I (see above).
Galilean Electrodynamics, Vol. 21, No. 2 (March/April), 2010,
An Electrostatic Solution
for the Gravity Force and the Value of G [ PDF ]
Morton F. Spears
( January 9, 1997 )
Abstract: Gravity is electrostatic. This paper
substantiates this claim by deriving, through basic electrostatic
relationships, a simple equation for gravity forces that includes
an expression for the gravity constant G in terms of electrostatic
parameters. Applied to interaction between two separated
sub-atomic particles in open space, the derivation of G results in
a value that falls within the range of the currently best known
and accepted empirical measurements. The general electrostatic
gravity equation next derived is applicable for all physical
entities however small or large, thus presenting a comprehensive
new way of perceiving and understanding gravity forces. A variety
of other important conclusions also follow. For example, the
electrostatic approach helps to explain why experimenters who use
different physical layouts may continue to find different
empirical values for G regardless of the precision of their
The Capacitance Theory of
A Simplified Account of Prof. Morton Spears' Alternative
Theory of Gravity
[ PDF ]
Morton F. Spears (1992), Force Generating System ("Artificial
Gravity Mat"), US Patent 5090643.
Charles E. Odams and Morton F. Spears (1972), Interference
Rejecting Device for Energy Receiving Systems, CA Patent 914760.
Charles E. Odams and Morton F. Spears (1972), Apparatus for
Correlating Energy Waves, CA Patent 915267.
Morton F. Spears (1970), Loop Antenna Comprising Plural Helical
Coils on Closed Magnetic Core, US Patent 3495264, CA Patent
Charles E. Odams and Morton F. Spears (1968), Directionally
Selective Energy Receiving System, US Patent 3369235, CA Patent
Marshall N. Arlin, Morton F. Spears, and Richard H. Woodward
(1965), Timing System for Setting Clocks to Distorted Standard, US
Ralph H. Sherman and Morton F. Spears (1960), Shielded
Magnetic Translating Apparatus, US Patent 2951912, CA Patent
Morton F. Spears (1960), Device for Manifesting Thermal
Boundaries, US Patent 2930232.
Morton F. Spears (1956), Means for Controlling Current Flow in
Electric Circuits, US Patent 2744981.
Morton F. Spears (1954), Stepped Magnetic Recording Head, US
Patent 2678972, CA Patent 555612.
Morton F. Spears (1951), Magnetic Recording and Reproducing
System, US Patent 2567582, CA Patent 511174.
Morton F. Spears (1921-2006) was known internationally for
contributions to electromagnetic antenna and sensitive receiving
circuit designs, particularly those applicable to the ELF/VLF/LF
frequency spectrum. A holder of many patents, his commercially
successful technical achievements included original work for
magnetic recording, remote radio signal timing and navigation,
underwater electromagnetic signal reception and processing, and
general low-frequency antenna technology.
He was an electronic engineering graduate of MIT (1943). He served
from Ensign to Commander in the U.S. Navy during World War II and
Korean conflicts and acquired professional skills in radar and
nuclear physics, which he used during his tours of duty.
In 1970 he and several colleagues founded Spears Associates, Inc.,
which specialized in the design and supply of high-technology
communication and navigation equipment for submarines, aircraft,
ships, and land-based applications. Spears Associates was
purchased by Sippican in 1996 and is now part of Lockheed Martin
At Spears Associates he served in progression as President,
Chairman of the Board, and finally as Senior Scientist returning
to state-of-the-art research in electronics and physics. After
retirement from Spears Associates in 1994, he continued to develop
his experimentally-based capacitance theory of gravity. He also
explored the implications of permittivity and permeability for
understanding observed properties of the Universe.
Morton F. Spears died on October 22, 2006, in Duxbury,
Massachusetts, at the age of 84.
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