Capacitance Theory of Gravity
An Experimentally-Based Theory of Gravity -- Developed by Morton F. Spears

Morton F. Spears (MIT, 1943) developed a new experimentally-based approach to understanding gravity based on electrostatic relationships and the permittivity of open space.

This website is an updated expanded version of an AOL website (now closed) that he maintained on his gravity research. Annotated links are provided below to his books and reports as well as to several of his publicly available patents.
Morton F. Spears died on October 22, 2006. All materials linked below are posted with permission of the Morton F. Spears Estate.

Force Generating System [ PDF ]

  -- An artificial gravity generation system consisting of at least one pair of high-voltage electrodes. A plurality of electrodes of alternating polarity may be arranged in a grid pattern to form an artificial gravity mat which may be used in spacecraft. The system may also be used outside a spacecraft to retrieve floating objects.
Capacitance Theory of Gravity, Book II [ PDF ]
Morton F. Spears

Quill Publications, Inc., c. 1993. ISBN: 0-9629933-1-X. Abstract: An electronic circuit approach to gravity is furthered in this second book, building on the capacitance theory of gravity developed in CTG-Book I (see above).
Galilean Electrodynamics, Vol. 21, No. 2 (March/April), 2010, pp. 23-32
An Electrostatic Solution for the Gravity Force and the Value of G [ PDF ]
Morton F. Spears
( January 9, 1997 )

Gravity is electrostatic. This paper substantiates this claim by deriving, through basic electrostatic relationships, a simple equation for gravity forces that includes an expression for the gravity constant G in terms of electrostatic parameters. Applied to interaction between two separated sub-atomic particles in open space, the derivation of G results in a value that falls within the range of the currently best known and accepted empirical measurements. The general electrostatic gravity equation next derived is applicable for all physical entities however small or large, thus presenting a comprehensive new way of perceiving and understanding gravity forces. A variety of other important conclusions also follow. For example, the electrostatic approach helps to explain why experimenters who use different physical layouts may continue to find different empirical values for G regardless of the precision of their measurements.

The Capacitance Theory of Gravity
A Simplified Account of Prof. Morton Spears' Alternative Theory of Gravity
James Heer
[ PDF ]


Morton F. Spears (1992), Force Generating System ("Artificial Gravity Mat"), US Patent 5090643.
Charles E. Odams and Morton F. Spears (1972), Interference Rejecting Device for Energy Receiving Systems, CA Patent 914760.
Charles E. Odams and Morton F. Spears (1972), Apparatus for Correlating Energy Waves, CA Patent 915267.
Morton F. Spears (1970), Loop Antenna Comprising Plural Helical Coils on Closed Magnetic Core, US Patent 3495264, CA Patent 851341.
Charles E. Odams and Morton F. Spears (1968), Directionally Selective Energy Receiving System, US Patent 3369235, CA Patent 897772.
Marshall N. Arlin, Morton F. Spears, and Richard H. Woodward (1965), Timing System for Setting Clocks to Distorted Standard, US Patent 3217258.
 Ralph H. Sherman and Morton F. Spears (1960), Shielded Magnetic Translating Apparatus, US Patent 2951912, CA Patent 652877.
Morton F. Spears (1960), Device for Manifesting Thermal Boundaries, US Patent 2930232.
Morton F. Spears (1956), Means for Controlling Current Flow in Electric Circuits, US Patent 2744981.
Morton F. Spears (1954), Stepped Magnetic Recording Head, US Patent 2678972, CA Patent 555612.
Morton F. Spears (1951), Magnetic Recording and Reproducing System, US Patent 2567582, CA Patent 511174.

Author Bio

Morton F. Spears
(1921-2006) was known internationally for contributions to electromagnetic antenna and sensitive receiving circuit designs, particularly those applicable to the ELF/VLF/LF frequency spectrum. A holder of many patents, his commercially successful technical achievements included original work for magnetic recording, remote radio signal timing and navigation, underwater electromagnetic signal reception and processing, and general low-frequency antenna technology.

He was an electronic engineering graduate of MIT (1943). He served from Ensign to Commander in the U.S. Navy during World War II and Korean conflicts and acquired professional skills in radar and nuclear physics, which he used during his tours of duty.

In 1970 he and several colleagues founded Spears Associates, Inc., which specialized in the design and supply of high-technology communication and navigation equipment for submarines, aircraft, ships, and land-based applications. Spears Associates was purchased by Sippican in 1996 and is now part of Lockheed Martin Sippican.

At Spears Associates he served in progression as President, Chairman of the Board, and finally as Senior Scientist returning to state-of-the-art research in electronics and physics. After retirement from Spears Associates in 1994, he continued to develop his experimentally-based capacitance theory of gravity. He also explored the implications of permittivity and permeability for understanding observed properties of the Universe.

Morton F. Spears died on October 22, 2006, in Duxbury, Massachusetts, at the age of 84.

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