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  April 2019

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UPDATED 23 April

Got TetraSilver Tetroxide? Got Ozone?

https://halturnerradioshow.com/index.php/en/news-page/world/deadly-viruses-bacteria-unknown-pathogens-stolen-from-university-freezer
19 April 2019
DEADLY VIRUSES, BACTERIA & UNKNOWN PATHOGENS STOLEN FROM UNIVERSITY FREEZER

Deadly viruses and pathogens of unknown origin have been stolen from a University at an laboratory in Venezuela. The possibility now exists of an UNCONTROLLABLE deadly virus outbreak.  Info about the theft was CONCEALED for 5 days . . . .

An alert put out by University Doctors makes clear:

"The theft at the Universidad de Oriente, Núcleo Sucre, Cumaná, of a freezer from the Bacterial Resistance Laboratory, which contained strains of bacteria and other highly dangerous pathogens. This situation puts those who manipulate it at risk."

URGENTE: Circula Información del robo en la Universidad de Oriente, Núcleo Sucre, Cumaná, de un freezer del Laboratorio de Resistencia Bacteriana, que contenía cepas de bacterias y otros patógenos de elevada peligrosidad.
Esta situación pone en riesgo a quienes lo manipulan. pic.twitter.com/CuV7nndJeo
— Médicos Unidos Vzla (@MedicosUnidosVe) April 18, 2019

Intelligence services say the University had samples of the Variola Virus which causes Smallpox.  Those sources also say the University has samples of Y-Pestis, Anthrax, live Polio, and certain strains of Flu known to be horribly contagious.

As soon as the samples thawed, if the containers were opened, the pathogens WILL have become airborne and infect anyone nearby.  Depending upon the pathogen, uncontrollable spread of deadly disease is now possible.

This "NOTICE" was put out FIVE FULL DAYS AFTER THE THEFT . . . . meaning these pathogens are already now out in the wild.

Further details pending . . . check back for updates.



https://www.naturalnews.com/2019-04-19-metallic-wood-stronger-than-titanium.html
April 19, 2019
Stunning new material invented in Turkey: “Metallic wood” is 5 times stronger than titanium, but lighter
by: Lance D Johnson

Turkish inventors have created a new building material that is five times stronger than titanium and has the density of wood planks. Most remarkably, this new “Metallic wood” is lighter than titanium and still has the chemical stability of metal for use in manufacturing applications.

The new material is made out of nickel-based cellular materials as small as 17 nano-meters in diameter. These electroplated nickel nano-particles are strategically arranged in struts to maximize their load-bearing strength as a whole. This strategic arrangement of nickel makes the material four times stronger than bulk nickel plating. By tinkering with nano-meter-scale geometry, the inventors can increase the strength and density of the new material. This geometric arrangement of cellular materials is spatially organized and repeated to generate the new “Metallic wood” material. This geometric nano-meter engineering feat produces a very dense material, like that of wood. The inventors have even made the material as dense as water (1,000?kg/m3).

Each 17 nano meter strut has a tensile strength as high as 8 GPa, an unprecedented measurement for something this small in size. Through compression testing, the inventors found that these nano-pillars can be reduced in diameter to increase the load bearing strength of the entire material. The problem that often occurs in developing new materials is scaling the material to meet real life applications. The macroscopic properties are just as important as the strength of the nano-pillars contained therein. The strength of the entire material can vary at different masses and shapes. For example, in nano-pillars made from nano-crystalline metals, there is an increase in strength at a certain mass, but a decrease in strength when the overall mass is reduced to the size of a grain.

In real-life application, this new “Metallic wood” does have enough mass to support various loads in industrial manufacturing and construction applications. The new material, although very light, has the density to stand up to real-life applications.

This new material is the first of its kind to multiply a nano-structured cellular material to develop a workable material for manufacturing, with a specific strength that is above 100 Mpa/(Mg/m3). Most nano-scale pillar materials lack the density needed to be used in all manufacturing applications.

The development of these nano-structures started with the fabrication of opal material, monodisperse polystyrene particles, and gold/chromium coated substrates. The polystyrene was stabilized at just the right temperature to increase the diameter between polystyrene spheres. This allowed the inventors to deposit nickel into the voids of the polystyrene structure. The interconnected spherical pores were oriented in a cubic formation. Additional nickel was added to increase the volume fraction of the nano-pillars, their diameter, and their mass...

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-36901-3
Scientific Reports, volume 9, Article number: 719 (2019)
High strength metallic wood from nanostructured nickel inverse opal materials
James H. Pikul, et al.

Abstract
This paper describes a nickel-based cellular material, which has the strength of titanium and the density of water. The material’s strength arises from size-dependent strengthening of load-bearing nickel struts whose diameter is as small as 17?nm and whose 8?GPa yield strength exceeds that of bulk nickel by up to 4X. The mechanical properties of this material can be controlled by varying the nanometer-scale geometry, with strength varying over the range 90–880?MPa, modulus varying over the range 14–116?GPa, and density varying over the range 880–14500?kg/m3. We refer to this material as a “metallic wood,” because it has the high mechanical strength and chemical stability of metal, as well as a density close to that of natural materials such as wood...

Here we report a cellular material based on nanostructured nickel inverse opal materials. The mechanical properties of this material are governed by the size-dependent strengthening of nanometer-scale structural elements, allowing large specific strengths up to 230?MPa/(Mg/m3) in porous nickel. This specific strength is larger than most high strength metals including high strength stainless steel and Ti-6Al-4V31,32. The mechanical properties of this material can be varied between natural materials and high strength metal alloys by controlling the geometric parameters within the cellular architecture; we demonstrate materials with yield strengths over the range 90–880?MPa, specific moduli 7–25?GPa/(Mg/m3), and densities 880–14500?kg/m3. Using finite element simulations and well established micropillar compression and nanoindentation testing, we find that the material strength increases as the nanometer-scale strut diameter decreases. The strut yield strengths increase from 3.8 to 8.1?GPa as the strut diameter decreases from 115 to 17?nm, which is a 4X increase over the 2?GPa bulk deposited nickel yield strength...

Conclusion
In conclusion, we present metallic wood fabricated from nickel inverse opals, which has the strength of titanium and the chemical properties of a metal, while having the density of water and the cellular nature of natural materials like wood. The high strength of the metallic wood results from the size-dependent strengthening of the inverse opal struts, which have up to 4X the yield strength of bulk electrodeposited nickel and enable high specific strengths of 230?MPa/(Mg/m3). The cellular structure can be controlled to tune the modulus and strength each by a factor of 10X.

The metallic wood can be easily fabricated over 100 mm2 areas, can be processed at room temperature, and can be combined with additional functional materials, as demonstrated with the rhenium coatings49. The high strength continuous metallic architecture with isotropic elasticity, high hardness, and high strain energy storage could be important for a variety of applications such as energy storage50,51,52, heat transport53, and sensors54,55. Future work could explore improvements in specific strength above 230?MPa/(Mg/m3) by incorporating lightweight metals such as titanium or aluminum and developing roll-to-toll processing of high strength porous metals from self-assembly...

Related:
CN102225336
Nickel doped titanium based inverse opal structure material and preparation method thereof
The invention discloses a nickel doped titanium based inverse opal structure material and a preparation method thereof, belongs to the field of porous inorganic material. The material comprises titanium dioxide and a doped component of Ni2O3, and has an inverse opal structure, wherein a molar percentage of the Ni to the Ti is less than 40%. The preparation method is characterized by: preparing a polystyrene colloid crystal template; adding water-soluble chelated titanium to deionized water in a dropwise manner to form a colorless transparent solution, followed by adding a nickel dopant, sealing through freshness-keeping plastic film and storing in dark place; immersing the substrate with the polystyrene colloid crystal template to the precursor solution to soak for 2-6 hours, followed by slowly and vertically raising the substrate, then placing the substrate in air and drying overnight; calcining the substrate in a muffle furnace, wherein the calcination temperature is 400-550 DEG C, and heating mode of the calcination process is temperature programming or direct heating. The nickel doped titanium based inverse opal structure material provided by the present invention has visible light activity and magnetism, simple process, strong controllability and easy industrialization.



https://www.media.uzh.ch/en/Press-Releases/2019/Thermodynamic-Magic.html

Thermodynamic Magic Enables Cooling without Energy Consumption

Physicists at the University of Zurich have developed an amazingly simple device that allows heat to flow temporarily from a cold to a warm object without an external power supply. Intriguingly, the process initially appears to contradict the fundamental laws of physics.

If you put a teapot of boiling water on the kitchen table, it will gradually cool down. However, its temperature is not expected to fall below that of the table. It is precisely this everyday experience that illustrates one of the fundamental laws of physics – the second law of thermodynamics – which states that the entropy of a closed natural system must increase over time. Or, more simply put: Heat can flow by itself only from a warmer to a colder object, and not the other way round.
Cooling below room temperature

The results of a recent experiment carried out by the research group of Prof. Andreas Schilling in the Department of Physics at the University of Zurich (UZH) appear at first sight to challenge the second law of thermodynamics. The researchers managed to cool a nine-gram piece of copper from over 100°C to significantly below room temperature without an external power supply. “Theoretically, this experimental device could turn boiling water to ice, without using any energy,” says Schilling.

Creating oscillating heat currents
To achieve this, the researchers used a Peltier element, a component commonly used, for example, to cool minibars in hotel rooms. These elements can transform electric currents into temperature differences. The researchers had already used this type of element in previous experiments, in connection with an electric inductor, to create an oscillating heat current in which the flow of heat between two bodies perpetually changed direction. In this scenario, heat also temporarily flows from a colder to a warmer object so that the colder object is cooled down further. This kind of “thermal oscillating circuit” in effect contains a “thermal inductor”. It functions in the same way as an electrical oscillating circuit, in which the voltage oscillates with a constantly changing sign.
Laws of physics remain intact

Until now, Schilling’s team had only operated these thermal oscillating circuits using an energy source. The researchers have now shown for the first time that this kind of thermal oscillating circuit can also be operated “passively”, i.e. with no external power supply. Thermal oscillations still occurred and, after a while, heat flowed directly from the colder copper to a warmer heat bath with a temperature of 22°C, without being temporarily transformed into another form of energy. Despite this, the authors were also able to show that the process does not actually contradict any laws of physics. To prove it, they considered the change in entropy of the whole system and showed that it increased with time – fully in accordance with the second law of thermodynamics.

Potential application still a long way off

Although the team recorded a difference of only about 2°C compared to the ambient temperature in the experiment, this was mainly due to the performance limitations of the commercial Peltier element used. According to Schilling, it would be possible in theory to achieve cooling of up to -47°C under the same conditions, if the “ideal” Peltier element – yet to be invented – could be used: “With this very simple technology, large amounts of hot solid, liquid or gaseous materials could be cooled to well below room temperature without any energy consumption.”

The passive thermal circuit could also be used as often as desired, without the need to connect it to a power supply. However, Schilling admits that a large-scale application of the technique is still a long way off. One reason for this is that the Peltier elements currently available are not efficient enough. Furthermore, the current set-up requires the use of superconducting inductors to minimize electric losses.

Established perceptions challenged
The UZH physicist considers the work more significant than a mere “proof-of-principle” study: “At first sight, the experiments appear to be a kind of thermodynamic magic, thereby challenging to some extent our traditional perceptions of the flow of heat.”

Science Advances. April 19, 2019.
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat9953.
Heat flowing from cold to hot without external intervention by using a "thermal inductor".
A. Schilling, X. Zhang, and O. Bossen.



https://www.bestvpn.com/
The Best VPN Services for 2019
Written by Douglas Crawford

Technical Audit Performed by: Charles Cook, Former NASA, Software Engineer (PhD in Aerospace Engineering).

There are hundreds of VPN providers out there, but which is the best one for you? At BestVPN.com we compare the best VPN services, explain why you need a VPN in 2019 and give you some handy tips on what to look out for when shopping for a Virtual Private Network.

Firstly you may be thinking "why do I need a VPN service?", well, the best VPNs allow you to:

Hide what you get up to on the internet from your ISP.
Hide what you get up to online from your government and the NSA.
Evade website blocks and other forms of censorship, put in place by your government, school or workplace.
Spoof your location so you can watch services such as US Netflix and BBC iPlayer, wherever you live or travel in the world. This trick is also great for accessing restricted sporting events, such as boxing matches and football games.
Take part in P2P torrent downloads safely...

&c...



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W9DqF6K7Pk
Pink Floyd's Roger Waters: WHOLE WORLD Must Focus on Julian Assange Arrest!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=99W38N0v7SU
George Galloway on Julian Assange: "Brits know something's wrong here"



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PYGzSBOCkhE
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLHSoxioQtwZfY2ISsNBzJ-aOZ3APVS8br

Earth Catastrophe Cycle | Secret of the Sun
Suspicious0bservers

Part 23 | Evidence that the sun has next-level flaring or micronova potential, and that there is an ensemble of elegant cycles, both long and short. 



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mvPx_YhWqc4
Jimi Hendrix Live at the Newport Festival 22 June 1969 EXCELLENT QUALITY



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYkwguBK8EA
Amazing Things Kids Have Said About Past Lives That Even Skeptics Can't Explain



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PYGzSBOCkhE
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLHSoxioQtwZfY2ISsNBzJ-aOZ3APVS8br
Earth Catastrophe Cycle | Secret of the Sun
Suspicious0bservers

Part 23 | Evidence that the sun has next-level flaring or micronova potential, and that there is an ensemble of elegant cycles, both long and short. 



https://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/green-material-for-refrigeration-identified
Green material for refrigeration identified

Researchers from the UK and Spain have identified an eco-friendly solid that could replace the inefficient and polluting gases used in most refrigerators and air conditioners.
    Refrigeration and air conditioning currently devour a fifth of the energy produced worldwide, and demand for cooling is only going up.
Xavier Moya

When put under pressure, plastic crystals of neopentylglycol yield huge cooling effects – enough that they are competitive with conventional coolants. In addition, the material is inexpensive, widely available and functions at close to room temperature. Details are published in the journal Nature Communications.

The gases currently used in the vast majority of refrigerators and air conditioners —hydrofluorocarbons and hydrocarbons (HFCs and HCs) — are toxic and flammable. When they leak into the air, they also contribute to global warming.

“Refrigerators and air conditioners based on HFCs and HCs are also relatively inefficient,” said Dr Xavier Moya, from the University of Cambridge, who led the research with Professor Josep Lluís Tamarit, from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. “That’s important because refrigeration and air conditioning currently devour a fifth of the energy produced worldwide, and demand for cooling is only going up.”

To solve these problems, materials scientists around the world have sought alternative solid refrigerants. Moya, a Royal Society Research Fellow in Cambridge’s Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, is one of the leaders in this field.

In their newly-published research, Moya and collaborators from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya and the Universitat de Barcelona describe the enormous thermal changes under pressure achieved with plastic crystals.

Conventional cooling technologies rely on the thermal changes that occur when a compressed fluid expands. Most cooling devices work by compressing and expanding fluids such as HFCs and HCs. As the fluid expands, it decreases in temperature, cooling its surroundings.

With solids, cooling is achieved by changing the material’s microscopic structure. This change can be achieved by applying a magnetic field, an electric field or through mechanic force. For decades, these caloric effects have fallen behind the thermal changes available in fluids, but the discovery of colossal barocaloric effects in a plastic crystal of neopentylglycol (NPG) and other related organic compounds has levelled the playfield.

Due to the nature of their chemical bonds, organic materials are easier to compress, and NPG is widely used in the synthesis of paints, polyesters, plasticisers and lubricants. It’s not only widely available, but also is inexpensive.

NPG’s molecules, composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, are nearly spherical and interact with each other only weakly. These loose bonds in its microscopic structure permit the molecules to rotate relatively freely.

The word “plastic” in “plastic crystals” refers not to its chemical composition but rather to its malleability. Plastic crystals lie at the boundary between solids and liquids.

Compressing NPG yields unprecedentedly large thermal changes due to molecular reconfiguration. The temperature change achieved is comparable with those exploited commercially in HFCs and HCs.

The discovery of colossal barocaloric effects in a plastic crystal should bring barocaloric materials to the forefront of research and development to achieve safe environmentally friendly cooling without compromising performance.

Moya is now working with Cambridge Enterprise, the commercialisation arm of the University of Cambridge, to bring this technology to market.

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-09730-9
Colossal barocaloric effects near room temperature in plastic crystals of neopentylglycol
P. Lloveras, et al.

USE OF BAROCALORIC MATERIALS AND BAROCALORIC DEVICES
WO2018069506
Described herein is the use of organic materials in methods of barocaloric cooling. The barocaloric effects may be exhibited where the organic material is near a non-isochoric phase transition, such as a non-isochoric first-order phase transition. The organic material has one or more carbon atoms and may be an organic compound or a salt thereof. In some cases that organic material is a soft matter material, such as a plastic crystal or a liquid crystal. The methods may be adapted for use of the organic material as a heating agent.



Meanwhile...

https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/8831342/sperm-extractor-machine-china-hospital-masturbating/

Sperminator Bizarre ‘sperm extractor’ machine invented in China to ‘collect’ donations from men terrified of masturbating in a hospital setting

The bizarre £5,000 machine is equipped with a lubricated 'massage pipe' which its inventors say resembles a vagina...



https://infogalactic.com/info/Main_Page

Infogalactic, The Planetary Knowledge Core



Send in the Clowns !!!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2g67LwjzV0I

Dead Men Found at Home of Democrat Donor! Mike Cernovich and Stefan Molyneux



https://takebackyourpower.net/5g-the-dominoes-are-starting-to-fall/
5G: The Dominoes Are Starting To Fall

Long-time United Nations staff member Claire Edwards summarizes worldwide developments in the 5G situation. While still far from a victory claim, there is much to be hopeful about as millions around the world deepen involvement and take a stand for our shared future....

https://whatis5g.info/
WHAT ARE 5G AND THE INTERNET OF THINGS?



https://thehill.com/opinion/criminal-justice/438709-pentagon-papers-lawyer-indictment-of-assange-snare-and-delusion
Pentagon Papers lawyer: The indictment of Assange is a snare and a delusion
By James C. Goodale

https://www.henrymakow.com/2019/04/Julian-Assange-Arrest-is-Theatre%20.html
Arrest of Julian Assange is Just Theatre

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tBs1dgYL-7w
kim Dotcom - The Department of Justice has no moral compass

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AXAlUE_1VzE
George Galloway full speech on Julian Assange's detention



https://www.ru.nl/english/news-agenda/news/vm/language-studies/linguistics/2019/associating-colours-vowels-almost-all-us-do/

Associating colours with vowels? Almost all of us do!

Does [a:] as in baa sound more green or more red? And is [i:] as in beet light or dark in colour? Even though we perceive speech and colour are perceived with different sensory organs, nearly everyone has an idea about what colours and vowels fit with each other. And a large number of us have a particular system for doing so. This is shown in research by linguists from Radboud University and the University of Edinburgh on similarities in the vowel-colour associations perceived by over 1,000 people...

https://ccuskley.site44.com/ColorExplore/colorexplore.html
Vowels in Color

This is an interactive exploration of the data from Cuskley, C.*, Dingemanse, M.*, van Leeuwen, T. & Kirby, S. 2019. Cross-modal associations and synaesthesia: Categorical perception and structure in vowel-colour mappings in a large online sample. Behaviour Research Methods, doi: 10.3758/s13428-019-01203-7.



https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/04/190407144231.htm
Gum bacteria implicated in Alzheimer's and other diseases
Scientists trace path of bacterial toxins from the mouth to the brain and other tissues

Researchers are reporting new findings on how bacteria involved in gum disease can travel throughout the body, exuding toxins connected with Alzheimer's disease, rheumatoid arthritis and aspiration pneumonia. They detected evidence of the bacteria in brain samples from people with Alzheimer's and used mice to show that the bacterium can find its way from the mouth to the brain.

The bacterium, Porphyromonas gingivalis, is the bad actor involved in periodontitis, the most serious form of gum disease. These new findings underscore the importance of good dental hygiene as scientists seek ways to better control this common bacterial infection.

"Oral hygiene is very important throughout our life, not only for having a beautiful smile but also to decrease the risk of many serious diseases," said Jan Potempa, PhD, DSc, a professor at the University of Louisville School of Dentistry and head of the department of microbiology at Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland. "People with genetic risk factors that make them susceptible to rheumatoid arthritis or Alzheimer's disease should be extremely concerned with preventing gum disease."

While previous researchers have noted the presence of P. gingivalis in brain samples from Alzheimer's patients, Potempa's team, in collaboration with Cortexyme, Inc., offers the strongest evidence to date that the bacterium may actually contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease. Potempa will present the research at the American Association of Anatomists annual meeting during the 2019 Experimental Biology meeting, held April 6-9 in Orlando, Fla.

The researchers compared brain samples from deceased people with and without Alzheimer's disease who were roughly the same age when they died. They found P. gingivalis was more common in samples from Alzheimer's patients, evidenced by the bacterium's DNA fingerprint and the presence of its key toxins, known as gingipains.

In studies using mice, they showed P. gingivalis can move from the mouth to the brain and that this migration can be blocked by chemicals that interact with gingipains. An experimental drug that blocks gingipains, known as COR388, is currently in phase 1 clinical trials for Alzheimer's disease. Cortexyme, Inc. and Potempa's team are working on other compounds that block enzymes important to P. gingivalis and other gum bacteria in hopes of interrupting their role in advancing Alzheimer's and other diseases.

The researchers also report evidence on the bacterium's role in the autoimmune disease rheumatoid arthritis, as well as aspiration pneumonia, a lung infection caused by inhaling food or saliva.

"P. gingivalis's main toxins, the enzymes the bacterium need to exert its devilish tasks, are good targets for potential new medical interventions to counteract a variety of diseases," said Potempa. "The beauty of such approaches in comparison to antibiotics is that such interventions are aimed only at key pathogens, leaving alone good, commensal bacteria, which we need."

P. gingivalis commonly begins to infiltrate the gums during the teenage years. About one in five people under age 30 have low levels of the bacterium in their gums. While it is not harmful in most people, if it grows to large numbers the bacteria provoke the body's immune system to create inflammation, leading to redness, swelling, bleeding and the erosion of gum tissue.

Making matters worse, P. gingivalis even causes benign bacteria in the mouth to change their activities and further increase the immune response. Bacteria can travel from the mouth into the bloodstream through the simple act of chewing or brushing teeth.

The best way to prevent P. gingivalis from growing out of control is by brushing and flossing regularly and visiting a dental hygienist at least once a year, Potempa said. Smokers and older people are at increased risk for infection. Genetic factors are also thought to play a role, but they are not well understood.


https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/10/181004100009.htm
Periodontal disease bacteria may kick-start Alzheimer's
Researchers study effects of oral bacteria on brain health in mice

Long-term exposure to periodontal disease bacteria causes inflammation and degeneration of brain neurons in mice that is similar to the effects of Alzheimer's disease in humans. Periodontal disease may be an initiator of Alzheimer's.



http://newsroom.ucla.edu/releases/taking-a-cue-from-spider-webs-ucla-researchers-snag-fresh-water-with-vapor-capture-system

Taking a cue from spider webs, UCLA researchers snag fresh water with vapor capture system

Inspired by how dew drops form on spider webs, UCLA engineers and mathematicians have designed a unique and effective water vapor capture system that could be used to produce clean, fresh water, or to recycle industrial water that would otherwise be wasted.

Their system is a dense array of parallel cotton threads strung vertically, with a steady stream of water droplets flowing down the strings. Rising water vapor, pushed upward by a fan, is captured by the “web” of water droplets and condenses. The resulting water is then moved into a collecting container.

The researchers reported a 200 percent increase in efficiency using this method compared to existing technologies designed to capture water vapor.

The study was published in Science Advances and includes a theoretical model of the system and experimental results from a prototype.

In addition to harvesting water from the atmosphere, the method could be used to produce clean water from the evaporation of high-salinity wastewaters, such as those produced from oil and gas production, or from irrigation runoff.

It could also be used to capture steam escaping from cooling towers in power plants and industrial facilities. The captured water could then be recycled back into the cooling system.

“The growing global concern over the scarcity of fresh water has motivated the development of economically feasible ways to capture water vapor,” said Sungtaek Ju, professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering and the principal investigator of the study. “This idea of imitating the natural rain cycle to produce clean water, called ‘the humidification-dehumidification process,’ has been around for quite some time. However, making such a system that’s inexpensive to build and operate has been a major challenge. Our system is inexpensive, lightweight and energy-efficient. These factors can potentially help overcome challenges for its adoption.”

Some proposed water vapor capture methods have used chilled metal to make water vapor condense on a surface. But limited surface areas, as well as weight, material and manufacturing costs, have slowed their adoption. Similarly, methods using spray nozzles or electric fields use too much electricity to be viable.

A key element in the UCLA team’s system is its ability to consistently generate water droplets of the same size and constant flowing speed. These water beads enable the system to effectively capture water vapor, without causing significant pressure drop, and hence fan power consumption.

“The liquid beads form highly curved surfaces that enhance the rate at which water vapor diffuses through the air,” said Abolfazl Sadeghpour, a UCLA mechanical engineering graduate student and a co-lead author of the study. “Simply said, this is analogous to a snowball rolling downhill. The beads are picking up water vapor as they travel down. And while a drop may seem small, think of an entire array of threads working constantly. The water vapor harvested could add up to quite a bit.”

 
https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/5/4/eaav7662
Science Advances  12 Apr 2019: Vol. 5, no. 4, eaav7662
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav7662
Water vapor capturing using an array of traveling liquid beads for desalination and water treatment
A. Sadeghpour, Z. Zeng, H. Ji, N. Dehdari Ebrahimi, A. L. Bertozzi and Y. S. Ju

Abstract

Growing concern over the scarcity of freshwater motivates the development of compact and economic vapor capture methods for distributed thermal desalination or harvesting of water. We report a study of water vapor condensation on cold liquid beads traveling down a massive array of vertical cotton threads that act as pseudo-superhydrophilic surfaces. These liquid beads form through intrinsic flow instability and offer localized high-curvature surfaces that enhance vapor diffusion toward the liquid surface, a critical rate-limiting step. As the liquid flow rate increases, the bead spacing decreases, whereas the bead size and speed stay nearly constant. The resulting increase in the spatial bead density leads to mass transfer conductances and hence condensation rates per volume that are almost three times higher than the best reported values. Parallel and contiguous gas flow paths also result in a substantial reduction in gas pressure drop and hence electric fan power consumption.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tOZNYcDI3CM
Geoengineering Watch Global Alert News, April 13, 2019, #192 ( Dane Wigington )

https://www.geoengineeringwatch.org/

Geoengineering Watch



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0U_xsjU9Qsk
David Icke Talks To Sputnik Radio About The Arrest Of Julian Assange

Julian Assange - Comments from Snowden, Chomsky, Varoufakis, Greenwald & Horvat (REWIND)
In this video we compile past comments & analysis from experts that were interviewed on acTVism on the topic of Wikileaks & Julian Assange before Assange was arrested. They include in order: Edward Snowden, Yanis Varoufakis, Glenn Greenwald, Srecko Horvat & Noam Chomsky (video produced/recorded by The Press Project). We would like to emphasise again that the videos put together in this compilation were recorded before Assange's arrest. To view the interviews in full be sure to visit our YouTube Channel "acTVism Munich".

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j1nOsq3KDl4&t=3s
Paul Craig Roberts Interview Julian Assange Arrest, Brexit, Venezuela

https://thehill.com/opinion/criminal-justice/438709-pentagon-papers-lawyer-indictment-of-assange-snare-and-delusion
Pentagon Papers lawyer: The indictment of Assange is a snare and a delusion
By James C. Goodale

https://www.henrymakow.com/2019/04/Julian-Assange-Arrest-is-Theatre%20.html
Arrest of Julian Assange is Just Theatre



http://emediapress.com/2019/04/09/400-600-overunity-cooling-machine/
OverUnity Cooling Machine

The cooling system methodology created by a team led by Professors Stefan Seelecke and Andreas Schütze at Saarland University is technically not new in concept, but it is the best example of taking advantage of an interesting memory metal called Nitinol and it’s known effects of soaking up heat while it gets bent and releasing the heat when it straightens out.

The cooling system is made of a cylindrical chamber with a rotor that has nitinol metal strings running along the length. There is a cam system that flexes the wire as it rotates for 1/2 the revolution. During this 1/2, the wires soak up heat in that compartment, which cools the compartment down. When the wires goes into the other side of the chamber, they are allowed to straighten up and they release a lot of heat, which heats up that compartment.

There is air moving through the devices to move both the hot and cold air. The claims from the university is that it is about twice as efficient as a heat pump. As you know from the examples above that a heat pump could have a COP of 2.0 or 3.0 easily. That means that this new Nitinol cooling device would have a COP of 4.0-6.0 or 400-600% more work done than the motor takes to rotate the cylinder!

Although the recent buzz has been talking about this latest development as if it is new, but the university has been at this project for several years. Read this to see where their thought process came from as well as their funding.



https://www.asminternational.org/web/smst/newswire/-/journal_content/56/10180/26145309/

http://www.uni-saarland.de/nc/en/news/article/nr/14195.html
Shape memory Nitinol alloys designed to cool refrigerators

Saarland University, Germany, reports that its engineers are using shape memory alloys to develop a new method of cooling in which heat and cold are transferred by a nickel-titanium alloy...

If a nickel-titanium wire or sheet is deformed or pulled in tension, the crystal lattice structure can change, creating strain within the material. This change in the crystal structure, known as a phase transition, causes the shape memory alloy to become hotter. If the stressed sample is allowed to relax after temperature equalization with the environment, it undergoes substantial cooling to a temperature about 20 Centigrade degrees below ambient temperature. ‘

"The basic idea was to remove heat from a space – like the interior of a refrigerator – by allowing a pre-stressed, super-elastic shape memory material to relax and thus cool significantly. The heat taken up in this process is then released externally to the surroundings. The SMA is then re-stressed in the surroundings, thereby raising its temperature, before the cycle begins again," explains Stefan Seelecke, Professor for Intelligent Material Systems at Saarland University.

In the experimental and modelling studies carried out so far, the researchers at Saarland University and the Center for Mechatronics and Automation Technology (ZeMA) in Saarbrücken have demonstrated that this type of cooling works, and that it can be used in practice. They used a model system to determine how to optimize the efficiency of the cooling process, examining such factors as how strongly the material has to be elongated or bent in order to achieve a certain cooling performance, or whether the process is more effective when carried out slowly or more rapidly. A thermal imaging camera was deployed to analyze precisely how the heating and cooling stages proceed.

The German Research Foundation, which has been funding the project for the last three years, has agreed to invest a further 500,000 euros. In total, the project has brought around 950,000 euros in funding to the region.

ENERGY CONVERTER WITH THERMOELASTIC ASSEMBLY AND HEATING/COOLING SYSTEM
DE102016118776
The invention relates to a thermoelastic energy converter (1), in particular a thermoelastic heating / cooling device, for use in an energy converter system, comprising: - a thermoelastic arrangement with at least one thermoelastic element (2) of a thermoelastic material; - Two holding elements (3, 4), between which the at least one thermoelastic element (2) is arranged in the longitudinal direction; - A fastening element (6) for holding one end of the at least one thermoelastic element (2); - A guide means (7) which is coupled to the fastening element (6) of the at least one thermoelastic element (2) to a synchronous rotation of the holding elements (3, 4) relative to the guide means (7) a change in length of the at least one thermoelastic To cause elements (2) in the longitudinal direction, so that a cyclic elastic deformation and relaxation of the at least one thermoelastic element (2) is achieved.

BISTABLE ACTUATOR DEVICE HAVING A SHAPE MEMORY ELEMENT
DE102016108627 /  WO2017194591
The invention relates to an actuator device (1) for providing at least two actuator positions, comprising an elastic bending element (2), which at at least one fastening point (31, 32, 34) is held such that by exerting a switching torque at the fastening point (31, 32, 34), an elastic deformation of the bending element (2) leads to a change from a first actuator position into a second actuator position, and comprising at least one actuator element (41, 42) having a shape memory wire, wherein by heating, the shape memory wire generates a tractive force, and is thus coupled to a section of the bending element (2) at the fastening point (31, 32, 34), such that the tractive force causes the switching moment to be brought about at the fastening point (31, 32, 34) in order to move the bending element (2) from the first actuator position into the second actuator position.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eNBg_1GPuH0
Worlds Smallest Tesla Valve? - Shrinky Dink (Shrink Film) Microfluidics
The Thought Emporium

Microfluidics is the study and construction of collections of tiny fluid channels that can accomplish an incredible array of tasks; from simple mixing, to math and computer logic. But making the flow cells that make use of the principles of microfluidics is normally expensive due to material and equipment costs. In this video we explore a dirt cheap method for making very high quality microfluidic low cells, including one of the worlds smallest tesla valves, and a device meant to isolate cancer cells from a blood sample.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rYlP5TEKf2w
The Tesla Valve

http://www.epicphysics.com/model-engine-kits/tesla-turbine-kit/the-tesla-valve/
The Tesla Valve



https://shepherdsheart.life/blogs/news/https-shepherdsheart-life-blogs-news-catastrophism-gods-judgments-gnawing-horrible-cannibalistic-truth-about-the-loss-of-earths-magnetosphere

[ Excerpt ]
Covert Cannibalism
We return to the Adam and Eve Story by Thomas Chan who among many other things did some conceptual work on the impact of magnetism on the body and society.  Scientists, then Hahnemann College famous for establishing the first homeopathic training facility in 1848-and now is Drexel University, discovered the following:

They put a batchful of mice, all genetically the same strain, in aluminum containers, about six inches or so in diameter, half in a magnetic field environment the same as we live in  [or used to live in] and the other half in a magnetic equivalent to being halfway between the Earth and Moon.  Both sets of cylinders had the same physical environment, the same number of male and female mice, the same food, the same lighting, the same play environment, and the same water supply.  After three months the mice in the low-density cylinders all suffered the same effects:  first, they all simply came apart, all in their protein structure; and second, over 35% suffered visible cancers which could be considered head-to-toes.  No analysis was made of internal cancers [they probably did not want to know].

Did those words stick in your mind?  The aluminum mice simply came apart in their protein structure!  Proteins are a necessary element in your body for living. Some of proteins are sensitive to the magnetosphere.  Proteins called cryptochromes, align as magnetosensing devices in our bodies.  And once the proteins were defeated, the mice got cancer.

Chan Thomas called the two scientists, who invited him to Hahnemann Medical College for a week to discuss their mutual studies.

They told Thomas that there was something that they had not released to the press, and was generally not known.

The first thing they told Thomas as that the mice turned criminal in their low-density magnetic filed environment.  Chan inquired on how mice could turn criminal.

He was told:

Very simple.  There are basic end-cruelties for almost all mammals; mice and humans are no exception.  Cannibalism is the ultimate cruelty, and they turned cannibalistic.  Even though they had plenty of the same food as the mice in the normal magnetic field strength cylinders, they indulged in cannibalism as a preference.  The mice in the normal cylinder treated each other normally-and ate only their normal food.  Then the scientist paused.

Ponder this for a moment.  This experiment occurred in a lab and at a time where our planet's atmosphere was relatively stable and pure compared to today.  Today we find ourselves in a devious laboratory whose end result is already known to science and the powers-that-be:

    Saturated by aluminum nanoparticles which would be the equivalent of the mice in the aluminum cylinders.
    Interruption of normal protein activity causes a living thing to fall apart with over a third developing cancer.
    Our magnetosphere is wavering and about to plummet in electrical response to the sun.
    We have been seeded to crave human flesh through blood particles in geo-engineering projects spanning to human DNA entangled in biotech (GMO) foods...

Forcible Rape
"There is another thing which really confounds us," he continued.  "These same mice who turned cannibalistic indulged in forcible rape literally around the clock.  That and murder, are the other end-cruelties."

Chan inquired, "Is it possible that you can tell the difference between rape and forcible rape in mice?"  "It seems impossible to differentiate in mice."

The scientist responded, "Oh yes, it happens all the time in the animal world.  For instance, sea lions and sea elephants.  They use forcible rape commonly.  In these mice, almost every act of sexual intercourse in the low magnetic cylinder was forcible rape, whereas in the normal cylinders, we never saw it."

Chan commented, "Of course, in humans it's easy to differentiate between forcible rape and rape."

The scientist continued, "Legally, it may not be so easy to differentiate, but morally I guess it's easy.  But what we're interested in here is why they resorted to forcible rape just because the environment of a low-density magnetic field.  We were hoping you could give us at least a concept to go on."

Chan relayed that his studies involved legends concerning civilizations in the years leading to cataclysm, when Earth's magnetic field was decreasing at an increasing rate as they approached the null zone; and in every instance it appeared that criminality-essentially man's inhumanity to man-appeared to become overwhelming.  Even the Navajo Indians spoke of it in their legends of their approach to a cataclysm, but they called it adultery. It is quite possible that their definitions of rape in any form, be forcible or not, was included in the term "adultery".

Chan was astonished that in all his studies he found it strange that he had not associated rape and forcible rape with overwhelming criminality as a precursor period preceding a cataclysm.

Chan provided the scientists his conclusion:

He would commit that a lowering or lowered magnetic field environment could give its occupants a sense of impending doom.  Certainly there would be a feeling that something out of control as destroying them, so why not get what they want irrespective of consequences? In the case of humans, those without empathy turned criminal first.  In the case of animals, it is probably proper to assume that there is little or no empathy there to start with...

During the 1960's and 1970's Thomas was giving speeches about cataclysmology all over the United States.  He predicted with a little help from his friends that by 1990 crime would be at such a level in our country that law enforcement agencies of our nation would not be able to cope with it.

In general, Thomas stated, "and it is my experience that it is true that if you are the victim of a crime, in most instances, law enforcement is too busy to investigate except in high profile situations or when the bottom line is funding for the department.  Lest you think otherwise the crime side includes: confidence artists, top executives, bankers, Savings and Loan executives, management personnel, family men and women, thieves, burglars, addicts, those who sell addiction, murderers, and almost any level or society from notables to the homeless."
 


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6p8qt51BORk
Chaos In Mexico: African & Haitians Made into Mexico



Gots Cancer? Mistletoe ( Viscum Album ) Lectin Patents:

 DRUG CONTAINING RECOMBINANT MISTLETOE LECTINS FOR TREATING MALIGNANT MELANOMA

US9981007
The invention relates to a drug and/or pharmaceutical composition for treating metastatic tumors, in particular of malignant melanoma, above all of stage IV malignant melanoma, and to the use of said drug, in particular the use of said drug in select patient populations.

RECOMBINANT LECTIN FROM WHITE MISTLETOE (RML)
RU2241750
FIELD: genetic engineering, medicine, oncology. ^ SUBSTANCE: invention relates to applying nucleic acid molecules encoding polypeptides and dimmers of polypeptides - lectins from white mistletoe (Viscum album) provides detecting the presence of corresponding genes in body and these polypeptides and their dimmers can be used as components of agents eliciting immunostimulating and cytotoxic activity. Invention can be used for therapeutic aims, in particular, in therapy of tumor processes. ^ EFFECT: valuable medicinal properties of lectin.

Lectin concentrates of mistletoe extracts and corresponding standardized, stabilized mistletoe lectin preparations, process for their production as well as medicines containing them
EP0602686
Mistletoe lectin concentrates with a high content of immunologically active galactoside-specific mistletoe lectins and corresponding stabilised and standardised immunologically active mistletoe lectin products are described. The preparation of the mistletoe lectin concentrates by means of a two-stage fractionation process is described, as is the preparation of the mistletoe lectin products containing the mistletoe lectin fractions. These mistletoe lectin products have a defined high content of immunologically active galactoside-specific mistletoe lectins and a defined biological activity and accordingly permit dosage which can be set accurately and is appropriate for the particular treatment purpose. They are advantageously used to increase the natural immune resistance in humans and mammals and/or for tumour therapy.

Mistletoe lectin extn. - using a cationic ion exchanger for the isolation of MTLI-1 and MTL-1-2, MTLII and MTL-III, useful in bio-technology and diagnostics
DE4229876
The extn. of mistletoe lectins (MTL) from plant part material followed by chromatography comprises (i) pre-purificn. of an aq. extract of MTL I-III using batch absorption to a cationic exchanger, pref. SP-sephadex, (ii) biospecific absorption using lactosyl sepharose resulting in 2 fractions and (iii) sepg. the 2 fractions. Pref. the method is performed at 0-25 (pref. 4) deg.C and the extn. is performed in the presence of inhibitors, e.g. sodium sulphite and thio urea. USE/ADVANTAGE - The lectins are useful either as such or modified with other cpds. in biotechnology, analytics, diagnostics and therapy, e.g. cancer therapy as conjugates with other cpds. Sepn. of MTL-1 and MTL-2 is possible. High yields of active and stable MTL can be obtd. cheaply. Yields of up to 90% of MTL-I and 60-80% of MTL-II and MTL-III are obtd.
DE4221836
New mistletoe lectin - with immunomodulatory activity, useful for cancer adjuvant therapy
A new galactoside-specific lectin (ML-1) isolated biochemically from an aq. mistletoe extract comprises protein chains, one of which is responsible for immunomodulatory activity by modifying intra- and intercellular biosignal chains, this activity being achievable in vivo only at a low dose in the nanogram range by increasing cytokine secretion and other cellular immunological parameters, on the basis of which it may be used for supportive (palliative) therapy in oncology. USE - ML-1 may be used for adjuvant therapy in the surgical, chemotherapeutic and radiotherapeutic treatment of cancer.

US5846548
DRUGS FOR TUMOUR THERAPY IN CONJUNCTION CONTROL WITH AND REGULATION OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
The combination of mitogenic immunostimulating substances and thymomimetic substances in efficacious doses is suitable for tumor therapy, in conjunction with control and regulation of the immune system. Examples include lectins or lectin-containing whole mistletoe extract and thymus extract or thymomimetically active peptides and peptide fragments.



http://emediapress.com/2019/04/09/400-600-overunity-cooling-machine/

The cooling system methodology created by a team led by Professors Stefan Seelecke and Andreas Schütze at Saarland University is technically not new in concept, but it is the best example of taking advantage of an interesting memory metal called Nitinol and it’s known effects of soaking up heat while it gets bent and releasing the heat when it straightens out.

The cooling system is made of a cylindrical chamber with a rotor that has nitinol metal strings running along the length. There is a cam system that flexes the wire as it rotates for 1/2 the revolution. During this 1/2, the wires soak up heat in that compartment, which cools the compartment down. When the wires goes into the other side of the chamber, they are allowed to straighten up and they release a lot of heat, which heats up that compartment.

There is air moving through the devices to move both the hot and cold air. The claims from the university is that it is about twice as efficient as a heat pump. As you know from the examples above that a heat pump could have a COP of 2.0 or 3.0 easily. That means that this new Nitinol cooling device would have a COP of 4.0-6.0 or 400-600% more work done than the motor takes to rotate the cylinder!

Although the recent buzz has been talking about this latest development as if it is new, but the university has been at this project for several years. Read this to see where their thought process came from as well as their funding.


https://www.asminternational.org/web/smst/newswire/-/journal_content/56/10180/26145309/

Shape memory Nitinol alloys designed to cool refrigerators

Saarland University, Germany, reports that its engineers are using shape memory alloys to develop a new method of cooling in which heat and cold are transferred by a nickel-titanium alloy...

If a nickel-titanium wire or sheet is deformed or pulled in tension, the crystal lattice structure can change, creating strain within the material. This change in the crystal structure, known as a phase transition, causes the shape memory alloy to become hotter. If the stressed sample is allowed to relax after temperature equalization with the environment, it undergoes substantial cooling to a temperature about 20 Centigrade degrees below ambient temperature. ‘

"The basic idea was to remove heat from a space – like the interior of a refrigerator – by allowing a pre-stressed, super-elastic shape memory material to relax and thus cool significantly. The heat taken up in this process is then released externally to the surroundings. The SMA is then re-stressed in the surroundings, thereby raising its temperature, before the cycle begins again," explains Stefan Seelecke, Professor for Intelligent Material Systems at Saarland University.

In the experimental and modelling studies carried out so far, the researchers at Saarland University and the Center for Mechatronics and Automation Technology (ZeMA) in Saarbrücken have demonstrated that this type of cooling works, and that it can be used in practice. They used a model system to determine how to optimize the efficiency of the cooling process, examining such factors as how strongly the material has to be elongated or bent in order to achieve a certain cooling performance, or whether the process is more effective when carried out slowly or more rapidly. A thermal imaging camera was deployed to analyze precisely how the heating and cooling stages proceed.

The German Research Foundation, which has been funding the project for the last three years, has agreed to invest a further 500,000 euros. In total, the project has brought around 950,000 euros in funding to the region.

http://www.uni-saarland.de/nc/en/news/article/nr/14195.html

ENERGY CONVERTER WITH THERMOELASTIC ASSEMBLY AND HEATING/COOLING SYSTEM
DE102016118776
The invention relates to a thermoelastic energy converter (1), in particular a thermoelastic heating / cooling device, for use in an energy converter system, comprising: - a thermoelastic arrangement with at least one thermoelastic element (2) of a thermoelastic material; - Two holding elements (3, 4), between which the at least one thermoelastic element (2) is arranged in the longitudinal direction; - A fastening element (6) for holding one end of the at least one thermoelastic element (2); - A guide means (7) which is coupled to the fastening element (6) of the at least one thermoelastic element (2) to a synchronous rotation of the holding elements (3, 4) relative to the guide means (7) a change in length of the at least one thermoelastic To cause elements (2) in the longitudinal direction, so that a cyclic elastic deformation and relaxation of the at least one thermoelastic element (2) is achieved.

BISTABLE ACTUATOR DEVICE HAVING A SHAPE MEMORY ELEMENT
DE102016108627 /  WO2017194591
The invention relates to an actuator device (1) for providing at least two actuator positions, comprising an elastic bending element (2), which at at least one fastening point (31, 32, 34) is held such that by exerting a switching torque at the fastening point (31, 32, 34), an elastic deformation of the bending element (2) leads to a change from a first actuator position into a second actuator position, and comprising at least one actuator element (41, 42) having a shape memory wire, wherein by heating, the shape memory wire generates a tractive force, and is thus coupled to a section of the bending element (2) at the fastening point (31, 32, 34), such that the tractive force causes the switching moment to be brought about at the fastening point (31, 32, 34) in order to move the bending element (2) from the first actuator position into the second actuator position.



Bad Billy ! Booo !

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HxHt-R687pE
UFO BUST! Episode 1/9 Debunking Billy Meier's First Contact

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nk6duwc6EM
UFO BUST! Episode 2/9 - Debunking Billy Meier Through Time

And While You're Here, Visit
Pleiades-Embassy.gov
Official Pleiades/Plejaran Embassy & Semjaze Love Temple





http://www.teslatech.info/ttevents/prgframe.htm
or call (520) 463-1994

2019 ExtraOrdinary Technology Conference & Expo
Crowne Plaza Hotel,  Albuquerque, NM, August 7-11, 2019

We are also seeking sponsors and vendors at this time. If you are interested in being a sponsor or vendor, please contact Steve at (520) 463-1994 or steve@teslatech.info

Bruce Forrester Jr Passes Over --
Bruce Millar Forrester Jr ( 1947-2019 )
Independent Researcher Zephyr Technology

The first time I met Bruce was at the 1986 Psychotronics Conference. It was the first conference I ever attended and I had a booth. As I was struggling to lug this antique cash register in the door, a really big guy came over and held it open for me... it was Bruce aka Klark Kent of Super Science...


Via con Dios, Bruce Forrester II.

Bruce stood up as "Clark Kent" for the fringe sciences early in the 1980s, and he never stood down. Nor did the horse he rode in on, unlike Chris Reeves'. Bruce was unabashed and outspoken, and he lived well.

Bruce, we hardly knew you. May you reincarnate well, if you must...



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iJPWnZjuUbA
Series 4, Part 5A, When will the Pole Shift and Nova Occur

I present 11 reason why I believe the Reversal will occur in 2046.



https://b-ok.cc/book/1182984/5b7f36
The Red Book - Liber Novus
Carl Gustav Jung, edited by Shamdasani et al.

The most influential unpublished work in the history of psychology. When Carl Jung embarked on an extended self-exploration he called his “confrontation with the unconscious,” the heart of it was The Red Book, a large, illuminated volume he created between 1914 and 1930. Here he developed his principle theories—of the archetypes, the collective unconscious, and the process of individuation—that transformed psychotherapy from a practice concerned with treatment of the sick into a means for higher development of the personality. While Jung considered The Red Book to be his most important work, only a handful of people have ever seen it. Now, in a complete facsimile and translation, it is available to scholars and the general public. It is an astonishing example of calligraphy and art on a par with The Book of Kells and the illuminated manuscripts of William Blake. This publication of The Red Book is a watershed that will cast new light on the making of modern psychology. 212 color illustrations. 



Nate Ball : Motorized Rope Ascender -- Update

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZXze3-eMUBU
Saving Lives with Atlas Devices: Daily Planet



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=auGj_FoZRzI
Earth Catastrophe Cycle -- Signs on the Sun
Suspicious0bservers

Episode 15 | Signs on the sun of a micronova or super flare to come, and also how we can track the pole shift without the ‘officials’. Also BONUS material from Dr. Dunning at the end!



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C5KKZOpHqVQ
Vitamin K-2 and How to AVOID Calcifying Your Arteries
Dr. John Sottery

Dr. Sottery discusses breakthrough science on Vitamin K-2.  Recent studies show this nutrient is critical to reducing Heart Disease and many forms of Cancer -- and that the majority of people are K-2 deficient.  Vitamin K-2 prevents arterial calcification by its action on MGP (Matrix GLA Protein) and reduces Osteoporosis by activating Osteocalcin.



US2019076343
ORAL CARE FORMULATIONS AND METHODS FOR USE

An oral care product comprising at least one of phytomenadione (vitamin K1), menaquinone (vitamin K2), vitamin C, selenium, ubiquinone (Coenzyme Q10), Astragalus, Ginseng, Schisandra, adaptogenic herbs, cannabidiol, or the like. An oral care product directed toward rebalancing micro-bacterial homeostasis in the mouth, or establishing and maintaining a healthy oral microbiome.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LHvt48S9l4w
Longitude FULL MOVIE 2000 UK



https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/newsreleases/2019/april/molecular-surgery-reshapes-living-tissue-with-electricity-but-no-incisions.html

'Molecular surgery' reshapes living tissue with electricity but no incisions

Traditional surgery to reshape a nose or ear entails cutting and suturing, sometimes followed by long recovery times and scars. But now, researchers have developed a "molecular surgery" process that uses tiny needles, electric current and 3D-printed molds to quickly reshape living tissue with no incisions, scarring or recovery time. The technique even shows promise as a way to fix immobile joints or as a noninvasive alternative to laser eye surgery...

"We envision this new technique as a low-cost office procedure done under local anesthesia," says Michael Hill, Ph.D., one of the project's principal investigators, who will discuss the work at the meeting. "The whole process would take about five minutes."

Hill, who is at Occidental College, became involved in this project when Brian Wong, M.D., Ph.D., who is at the University of California, Irvine, asked for help in developing a noninvasive technique to reshape cartilage. Such a method would be useful for cosmetic surgery procedures, such as making a nose more attractive. But the method also could help fix problems, such as a deviated septum, or conditions for which no good treatments exist, such as joint contractures caused by stroke or cerebral palsy. Having suffered through painful deviated septum surgery himself, Hill understands what patients go through, and was excited to join a project to develop a better strategy.

Wong was already an expert in one alternative technique that uses an infrared laser to heat cartilage, making it flexible enough to reshape. "The problem is, that technique is expensive, and it's hard to heat the cartilage enough so that it's malleable without killing the tissue," Hill says. To find a more practical approach, Wong's team began experimenting with passing current through cartilage to heat it up. The method indeed allowed them to reshape tissue, but, curiously, not by warming it. Wong turned to Hill to determine just how the new method was working and to refine it to prevent tissue damage.

Cartilage is made up of tiny rigid fibers of collagen loosely woven together by biopolymers. Its structure resembles spaghetti that's been randomly dumped on a counter, with the individual strands tied together with thread. "If you picked it up, the strands wouldn't fall apart, but it would be floppy," Hill says. Cartilage also contains negatively charged proteins and positively charged sodium ions. Cartilage with a greater density of these charged particles is stiffer than cartilage with a lower charge density.

Hill's group discovered that passing current through cartilage electrolyzes water in the tissue, converting the water into oxygen and hydrogen ions, or protons. The positive charge of the protons cancels out the negative charge on the proteins, reducing charge density and making the cartilage more malleable. "Once the tissue is floppy," he says, "you can mold it to whatever shape you want."

The team tested the method on a rabbit whose ears normally stand upright. They used a mold to hold one ear bent over in the desired new shape. If they had then removed the mold without applying a current, the rabbit's ear would have sprung back into its original upright position, just like a human ear would. But by inserting microneedle electrodes into the ear at the bend and pulsing current through them with the mold in place, they briefly softened the cartilage at the bend site without damage. Turning off the current then allowed the cartilage to harden in its new shape, after which the mold was removed.

To achieve this outcome with traditional methods, a surgeon would have to cut through the skin and cartilage and then stick the pieces back together. That can lead to formation of scar tissue at the joint. That scar tissue must sometimes be removed in subsequent operations, Hill says. By avoiding this mechanical damage to the cartilage, the molecular surgery technique causes no scarring and no pain.

The researchers are exploring licensing options for the cartilage technique with medical device companies. They're also investigating applications in other types of collagen tissue, such as tendons and corneas. In an eye, cornea shape affects vision, with too much curvature causing nearsightedness, for example. Many hurdles must be overcome before this method could be used to correct a person's vision, but preliminary animal experiments have had promising results. The researchers used a 3D printer to make a contact lens. After painting electrodes on it, they put the contact lens on the eye. Applying current allowed them to temporarily soften the cornea and change its curvature.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r_5yUXjXizQ
respecting beliefs | why we should do no such thing

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X9rTbh4a57o
attacking ideas | my changing view of Islam

A reflection on my changing views on Islam — and the ex-Muslims and Muslims who changed them.



JESUS HAS RETURNED !!! RUN AWAY !!!
https://www.wnd.com/2019/04/farrakhan-i-am-the-true-jesus/
Farrakhan: I am the true Jesus



https://phys.org/news/2019-04-electricity-conducting-bacteria-yield-secret-tiny.html

Electricity-conducting bacteria yield secret to tiny batteries, big medical advances

https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(19)30291-0?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0092867419302910%3Fshowall%3Dtrue
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2019.03.029
Cell, Volume 177, ISSUE 2, P361-369.e10, April 04, 2019

Structure of Microbial Nanowires Reveals Stacked Hemes that Transport Electrons over Micrometers
Fengbin Wang, et al.

Highlights
Geobacter nanowires are made up of micrometer-long polymerization of cytochrome OmcS
All hemes are closely stacked (<4–6 Å), providing a continuous path for electron flow
We show that these are the same filaments that were earlier thought as type IV pili
This structure explains the molecular basis for electron conduction in protein wires

Summary
Long-range (>10 µm) transport of electrons along networks of Geobacter sulfurreducens protein filaments, known as microbial nanowires, has been invoked to explain a wide range of globally important redox phenomena. These nanowires were previously thought to be type IV pili composed of PilA protein. Here, we report a 3.7 Å resolution cryoelectron microscopy structure, which surprisingly reveals that, rather than PilA, G. sulfurreducens nanowires are assembled by micrometer-long polymerization of the hexaheme cytochrome OmcS, with hemes packed within ~3.5–6 Å of each other. The inter-subunit interfaces show unique structural elements such as inter-subunit parallel-stacked hemes and axial coordination of heme by histidines from neighboring subunits. Wild-type OmcS filaments show 100-fold greater conductivity than other filaments from a ? omcS strain, highlighting the importance of OmcS to conductivity in these nanowires. This structure explains the remarkable capacity of soil bacteria to transport electrons to remote electron acceptors for respiration and energy sharing.



WO2018094389
ULTRA-LOW THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY DIVING SUIT MATERIAL FOR ENHANCED PERSISTENCE IN COLD WATER DIVES

BACKGROUND
Underwater diving, as a human activity, is the practice of descending below the water's surface to interact with the environment. Immersion in water and exposure to high ambient pressure have physiological effects that limit the depths and duration possible in ambient pressure diving. This is because humans are not physiologically and anatomically well adapted to the environmental conditions of diving. In particular, in cold-water environments {e.g., water at less than 10 °C) a diver is at risk of developing hypothermia. Current diving garments only allow a diver to stay in the water for less than an hour. In some cases, however, divers need to stay in the water for more than an hour, such as for deep-sea exploration or for military recognizance missions. Accordingly, there remains a need in the art for improved diving garments that reduce a diver's risk of hypothermia, especially during long dive times.

SUMMARY
Provided herein are thermally insulating fabrics comprising a polymer infused with a high molecular weight gas. Also provided herein is a flexible garment comprising a neoprene foam infused with a high molecular weight gas. In some embodiments, the flexible garment is a dive suit, such as a wetsuit, a variable volume drysuit, a hot water wetsuit, or an active diver thermal protection system.

Also provided herein is a method for preparing the thermally insulating fabrics described herein comprising placing fabric in a sealed container; and filling the container with an insulating gas. In some embodiments, the fabric comprises a polymeric material {e.g., neoprene, polystyrene, or nitrile butadiene rubber). In some embodiments, the insulating gas is a high molecular weight gas, such as ona noble gas (e.g., xenon, krypton, or argon).

Also provided herein are methods for protecting a diver in cold water environments, comprising providing a diver with a thermally insulating fabric (e.g., such as those used in dive suits) described herein. In some embodiments, the method further comprises reducing the diver's risk for hyperthermia. In other embodiments, the method further comprises allowing the diver to stay in the cold-water environment from about two hours to about three hours.



https://news.yale.edu/2019/04/03/its-one-way-street-sound-waves-new-technology

It’s a one-way street for sound waves in this new technology
By Jim Shelton

Imagine being able to hear people whispering in the next room, while the raucous party in your own room is inaudible to the whisperers. Yale researchers have found a way to do just that — make sound flow in one direction — within a fundamental technology found in everything from cell phones to gravitational wave detectors.

What’s more, the researchers have used the same idea to control the flow of heat in one direction. The discovery offers new possibilities for enhancing electronic devices that use acoustic resonators.

The findings, from the lab of Yale’s Jack Harris, are published in the April 4 online edition of the journal Nature.

“This is an experiment in which we make a one-way route for sound waves,” said Harris, a Yale physics professor and the study’s principal investigator. “Specifically, we have two acoustic resonators. Sound stored in the first resonator can leak into the second, but not vice versa.”

Harris said his team was able to achieve the result with a “tuning knob” — a laser setting, actually — that can weaken or strengthen a sound wave, depending on the sound wave’s direction.

Then the researchers took their experiment to a different level. Because heat consists mostly of vibrations, they applied the same ideas to the flow of heat from one object to another.

“By using our one-way sound trick, we can make heat flow from point A to point B, or from B to A, regardless of which one is colder or hotter,” Harris said. “This would be like dropping an ice cube into a glass of hot water and having the ice cubes get colder and colder while the water around them gets warmer and warmer. Then, by changing a single setting on our laser, heat is made to flow the usual way, and the ice cubes gradually warm and melt while the liquid water cools a bit. Though in our experiments it’s not ice cubes and water that are exchanging heat, but rather two acoustic resonators.”

Although some of the most basic examples of acoustic resonators are found in musical instruments or even automobile exhaust pipes, they’re also found in a variety of electronics. They are used as sensors, filters, and transducers because of their compatibility with a wide range of materials, frequencies, and fabrication processes.

Nature, volume 568, pages65–69 (2019)
Nonreciprocal control and cooling of phonon modes in an optomechanical system
H. Xu, Luyao Jiang, A. A. Clerk & J. G. E. Harris

Abstract
Mechanical resonators are important components of devices that range from gravitational wave detectors to cellular telephones. They serve as high-performance transducers, sensors and filters by offering low dissipation, tunable coupling to diverse physical systems, and compatibility with a wide range of frequencies, materials and fabrication processes. Systems of mechanical resonators typically obey reciprocity, which ensures that the phonon transmission coefficient between any two resonators is independent of the direction of transmission1,2. Reciprocity must be broken to realize devices (such as isolators and circulators) that provide one-way propagation of acoustic energy between resonators. Such devices are crucial for protecting active elements, mitigating noise and operating full-duplex transceivers. Until now, nonreciprocal phononic devices have not simultaneously combined the features necessary for robust operation: strong nonreciprocity, in situ tunability, compact integration and continuous operation. Furthermore, they have been applied only to coherent signals (rather than fluctuations or noise), and have been realized exclusively in travelling-wave systems (rather than resonators). Here we describe a scheme that uses the standard cavity-optomechanical interaction to produce robust nonreciprocal coupling between phononic resonators. This scheme provides about 30 decibels of isolation in continuous operation and can be tuned in situ simply via the phases of the drive tones applied to the cavity. In addition, by directly monitoring the dynamics of the resonators we show that this nonreciprocity can control thermal fluctuations, and that this control represents a way to cool phononic resonators.

https://news.yale.edu/2018/04/03/new-device-uses-sound-waves-pristine-crystals-store-information

New device uses sound waves in pristine crystals to store information
By Jim Shelton

Yale scientists used laser light to gain access to long-lived sound waves in crystalline solids as the basis for information storage. The result was published online April 2 in the journal Nature Physics....

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41567-018-0090-3

Abstract
Control of long-lived, high-frequency phonons using light offers a path towards creating robust quantum links, and could lead to tools for precision metrology with applications to quantum information processing. Optomechanical systems based on bulk acoustic-wave resonators are well suited for this goal in light of their high quality factors, and because they do not suffer from surface interactions as much as their microscale counterparts. However, so far these phonons have been accessible only electromechanically, using piezoelectric interactions. Here, we demonstrate customizable optomechanical coupling to macroscopic phonon modes of a bulk acoustic-wave resonator at cryogenic temperatures. These phonon modes, which are formed by shaping the surfaces of a crystal into a plano-convex phononic resonator, yield appreciable optomechanical coupling rates, providing access to high acoustic quality factors (4.2?×?107) at high phonon frequencies (13?GHz). This simple approach, which uses bulk properties rather than nanostructural control, is appealing for the ability to engineer optomechanical systems at high frequencies that are robust against thermal decoherence. Moreover, we show that this optomechanical system yields a unique form of dispersive symmetry-breaking that enables phonon heating or cooling without an optical cavity.



https://arxiv.org/pdf/1102.4605.pdf
Biological Nuclear Transmutations as a Source of Biophotons
A. Widom, et al.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ol3tAxnNccY
5G APOCALYPSE - THE EXTINCTION EVENT
Sacha Stone



US4251930
Astronomical/astrological chart
 
An astronomical chart and projection system for mapping celestial movement plots the longitudinal positions of planets, as measured along the ecliptic, against time in a rectilinear coordinate system with each of the planets being represented by a line on the chart, such a line being designated the "major line" of the planet. The major line corresponding to at least one of the planets is repeated at fixed longitudinal displacements from itself to generate harmonic reproductions, typically at 45 degree intervals. These harmonic reproductions allow a user to immediately extract aspect information between the planet whose major line is harmonically reproduced and other planets, whether or not harmonically reproduced. The longitude and time axes preferably have a common origin at respective longitude and time coordinates corresponding to the vernal equinox, thus permitting sidereal and tropical time information to be extracted from the chart by simple linear scaling of coordinates. The chart is rendered especially useful for astronomers by the provision of a two-dimensional reproduction of the stars located within a band about the ecliptic. The information is color coded in order that the different major lines and their harmonics be readily identifiable.



Candida auris : 50% fatality within 90 days

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F3QktwZ5Ddo&feature=youtu.be

The CDC Is Literally Hiding This From You To Prevent Panic…But Maybe You Should Know About It!

https://www.cdc.gov/fungal/candida-auris/c-auris-drug-resistant.html

Candida auris: A Drug-resistant Germ That Spreads in Healthcare Facilities
Candida auris fact sheet
Candida auris (also called C. auris) is a fungus that causes serious infections. Patients with C. auris infection, their family members and other close contacts, public health officials, laboratory staff, and healthcare personnel can all help stop it from spreading.

Why is Candida auris a problem?
    It causes serious infections. C. auris can cause bloodstream infections and even death, particularly in hospital and nursing home patients with serious medical problems. More than 1 in 3 patients with invasive C. auris infection (for example, an infection that affects the blood, heart, or brain) die.
    It’s often resistant to medicines. Antifungal medicines commonly used to treat Candida infections often don’t work for Candida auris. Some C. auris infections have been resistant to all three types of antifungal medicines.
    It’s becoming more common. Although C. auris was just discovered in 2009, it has spread quickly and caused infections in more than a dozen countries.
    It’s difficult to identify. C. auris can be misidentified as other types of fungi unless specialized laboratory technology is used. This misidentification might lead to a patient getting the wrong treatment.
    It can spread in hospitals and nursing homes. C. auris has caused outbreaks in healthcare facilities and can spread through contact with affected patients and contaminated surfaces or equipment. Good hand hygiene and cleaning in healthcare facilities is important because C. auris can live on surfaces for several weeks...

In some embodiments, the CSA is not CSA-13. In some embodiments, the CSA is CSA-131, which has been found to be unexpectedly superior to CSA-13 in treating fungal infections.

https://www.forbes.com/sites/brucelee/2019/04/07/candida-auris-why-this-fungus-is-an-emerging-threat/#6be9ce42be67

...To get a sense of how troublesome Candida auris can be, take a look at a study published last year in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases. This study reviewed 51 cases of C. auris infections that had occurred in healthcare facilities in New York City from 2016 to 2018. All of the patients already had serious medical conditions prior to getting infected and ranged in age from 21 to 96 years old. Nearly half (45%) of the patients ended up dying within 90 days of being diagnosed with C. auris infections. Nearly all (98%) of the C. auris samples from 50 of the patients were resistant to fluconazole, a commonly used anti-fungal drug. Testing of different objects and rooms revealed C. auris in the environments of 15 of the 20 healthcare facilities...

METHODS FOR TREATING FUNGAL INFECTIONS 
WO2018204506



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R9T4dGAxtO0
http://patcondell.libsyn.com/
http://www.patcondell.net
Brexit Moros
Pat Condell

Nobody’s feelings were consulted during the making of this video. Anyone who has a problem with that can drop dead.


 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5EMEsvOXNQk
"Angry White Males" College Course Triggers Epic Angry White Male Rant

Bill Whittle wants to teach the new course at the University of Kansas on "Angry White Males" (HUM 365) — so he can give the college students a lesson in human rights and the blessings of liberty. Don't miss this epic take-down of the social justice warrior view of the very men who make it possible for them to be so loudly ignorant.



https://www.nature.com/articles/s41567-019-0476-x
Nature Physics (2019)
Two-dimensional skyrmion bags in liquid crystals and ferromagnets
David Foster, et al.
Abstract
Reconfigurable, ordered matter offers great potential for future low-power computer memory by storing information in energetically stable configurations. Among these, skyrmions—which are topologically protected, robust excitations that have been demonstrated in chiral magnets1,2,3,4 and in liquid crystals5,6,7—are driving much excitement about potential spintronic applications8. These information-encoding structures topologically resemble field configurations in many other branches of physics and have a rich history9, although chiral condensed-matter systems so far have yielded realizations only of elementary full and fractional skyrmions. Here we describe stable, high-degree multi-skyrmion configurations where an arbitrary number of antiskyrmions are contained within a larger skyrmion. We call these structures skyrmion bags. We demonstrate them experimentally and numerically in liquid crystals and numerically in micromagnetic simulations either without or with magnetostatic effects. We find that skyrmion bags act like single skyrmions in pairwise interaction and under the influence of current in magnetic materials, and are thus an exciting proposition for topological magnetic storage and logic devices....



https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/newsreleases/2019/april/molecular-surgery-reshapes-living-tissue-with-electricity-but-no-incisions.html
'Molecular surgery' reshapes living tissue with electricity but no incisions

Traditional surgery to reshape a nose or ear entails cutting and suturing, sometimes followed by long recovery times and scars. But now, researchers have developed a "molecular surgery" process that uses tiny needles, electric current and 3D-printed molds to quickly reshape living tissue with no incisions, scarring or recovery time. The technique even shows promise as a way to fix immobile joints or as a noninvasive alternative to laser eye surgery...

"We envision this new technique as a low-cost office procedure done under local anesthesia," says Michael Hill, Ph.D., one of the project's principal investigators, who will discuss the work at the meeting. "The whole process would take about five minutes."

Hill, who is at Occidental College, became involved in this project when Brian Wong, M.D., Ph.D., who is at the University of California, Irvine, asked for help in developing a noninvasive technique to reshape cartilage. Such a method would be useful for cosmetic surgery procedures, such as making a nose more attractive. But the method also could help fix problems, such as a deviated septum, or conditions for which no good treatments exist, such as joint contractures caused by stroke or cerebral palsy. Having suffered through painful deviated septum surgery himself, Hill understands what patients go through, and was excited to join a project to develop a better strategy.

Wong was already an expert in one alternative technique that uses an infrared laser to heat cartilage, making it flexible enough to reshape. "The problem is, that technique is expensive, and it's hard to heat the cartilage enough so that it's malleable without killing the tissue," Hill says. To find a more practical approach, Wong's team began experimenting with passing current through cartilage to heat it up. The method indeed allowed them to reshape tissue, but, curiously, not by warming it. Wong turned to Hill to determine just how the new method was working and to refine it to prevent tissue damage.

Cartilage is made up of tiny rigid fibers of collagen loosely woven together by biopolymers. Its structure resembles spaghetti that's been randomly dumped on a counter, with the individual strands tied together with thread. "If you picked it up, the strands wouldn't fall apart, but it would be floppy," Hill says. Cartilage also contains negatively charged proteins and positively charged sodium ions. Cartilage with a greater density of these charged particles is stiffer than cartilage with a lower charge density.

Hill's group discovered that passing current through cartilage electrolyzes water in the tissue, converting the water into oxygen and hydrogen ions, or protons. The positive charge of the protons cancels out the negative charge on the proteins, reducing charge density and making the cartilage more malleable. "Once the tissue is floppy," he says, "you can mold it to whatever shape you want."

The team tested the method on a rabbit whose ears normally stand upright. They used a mold to hold one ear bent over in the desired new shape. If they had then removed the mold without applying a current, the rabbit's ear would have sprung back into its original upright position, just like a human ear would. But by inserting microneedle electrodes into the ear at the bend and pulsing current through them with the mold in place, they briefly softened the cartilage at the bend site without damage. Turning off the current then allowed the cartilage to harden in its new shape, after which the mold was removed.

To achieve this outcome with traditional methods, a surgeon would have to cut through the skin and cartilage and then stick the pieces back together. That can lead to formation of scar tissue at the joint. That scar tissue must sometimes be removed in subsequent operations, Hill says. By avoiding this mechanical damage to the cartilage, the molecular surgery technique causes no scarring and no pain.

The researchers are exploring licensing options for the cartilage technique with medical device companies. They're also investigating applications in other types of collagen tissue, such as tendons and corneas. In an eye, cornea shape affects vision, with too much curvature causing nearsightedness, for example. Many hurdles must be overcome before this method could be used to correct a person's vision, but preliminary animal experiments have had promising results. The researchers used a 3D printer to make a contact lens. After painting electrodes on it, they put the contact lens on the eye. Applying current allowed them to temporarily soften the cornea and change its curvature.



https://cheezburger.com/8097285/the-sickening-industrial-prison-complex-gets-called-out-in-powerful-online-rant

The Sickening Industrial Prison Complex Gets Called Out In Powerful Online Rant



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v-2PrAgLkwA
Child Support: You Can Sue Judges and Support Magistrates!

Amen Osiris shares a video that confirms you can sue judges and child support magistrates, commissioners, and hearing officers who contractually preside over IV-D hearings. They do not get immunity under that contract.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r_5yUXjXizQ
respecting beliefs | why we should do no such thing

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X9rTbh4a57o
attacking ideas | my changing view of Islam

A reflection on my changing views on Islam — and the ex-Muslims and Muslims who changed them.



JESUS HAS RETURNED !!!!!!! RUN AWAY !!!!!!

https://www.wnd.com/2019/04/farrakhan-i-am-the-true-jesus/


Farrakhan: I am the true Jesus



https://phys.org/news/2019-04-electricity-conducting-bacteria-yield-secret-tiny.html
https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(19)30291-0?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0092867419302910%3Fshowall%3Dtrue
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2019.03.029
Cell, Volume 177, ISSUE 2, P361-369.e10, April 04, 2019

Electricity-conducting bacteria yield secret to tiny batteries, big medical advances
Structure of Microbial Nanowires Reveals Stacked Hemes that Transport Electrons over Micrometers
Fengbin Wang, et al.

Highlights
Geobacter nanowires are made up of micrometer-long polymerization of cytochrome OmcS
All hemes are closely stacked (<4–6 Å), providing a continuous path for electron flow
We show that these are the same filaments that were earlier thought as type IV pili
This structure explains the molecular basis for electron conduction in protein wires

Summary
Long-range (>10 µm) transport of electrons along networks of Geobacter sulfurreducens protein filaments, known as microbial nanowires, has been invoked to explain a wide range of globally important redox phenomena. These nanowires were previously thought to be type IV pili composed of PilA protein. Here, we report a 3.7 Å resolution cryoelectron microscopy structure, which surprisingly reveals that, rather than PilA, G. sulfurreducens nanowires are assembled by micrometer-long polymerization of the hexaheme cytochrome OmcS, with hemes packed within ~3.5–6 Å of each other. The inter-subunit interfaces show unique structural elements such as inter-subunit parallel-stacked hemes and axial coordination of heme by histidines from neighboring subunits. Wild-type OmcS filaments show 100-fold greater conductivity than other filaments from a ? omcS strain, highlighting the importance of OmcS to conductivity in these nanowires. This structure explains the remarkable capacity of soil bacteria to transport electrons to remote electron acceptors for respiration and energy sharing.



WO2018094389
ULTRA-LOW THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY DIVING SUIT MATERIAL FOR ENHANCED PERSISTENCE IN COLD WATER DIVES

Inventor(s):     BUONGIORNO JACOPO [US]; STRANO MICHAEL [US]; MORAN JEFFREY [US]; BUCCI MATTEO [US]; COTTRILL ANTON [US] +
Applicant(s):     MASSACHUSETTS INST TECHNOLOGY [US] +
Disclosed are ultra-low thermal conductivity fabrics, methods for preparing them and methods of using them, in particular as diving suit materials for enhanced persistence in cold-water dives.

BACKGROUND
Underwater diving, as a human activity, is the practice of descending below the water's surface to interact with the environment. Immersion in water and exposure to high ambient pressure have physiological effects that limit the depths and duration possible in ambient pressure diving. This is because humans are not physiologically and anatomically well adapted to the environmental conditions of diving. In particular, in cold-water environments {e.g., water at less than 10 °C) a diver is at risk of developing hypothermia. Current diving garments only allow a diver to stay in the water for less than an hour. In some cases, however, divers need to stay in the water for more than an hour, such as for deep-sea exploration or for military recognizance missions. Accordingly, there remains a need in the art for improved diving garments that reduce a diver's risk of hypothermia, especially during long dive times.

SUMMARY

Provided herein are thermally insulating fabrics comprising a polymer infused with a high molecular weight gas. Also provided herein is a flexible garment comprising a neoprene foam infused with a high molecular weight gas. In some embodiments, the flexible garment is a dive suit, such as a wetsuit, a variable volume drysuit, a hot water wetsuit, or an active diver thermal protection system.

Also provided herein is a method for preparing the thermally insulating fabrics described herein comprising placing fabric in a sealed container; and filling the container with an insulating gas. In some embodiments, the fabric comprises a polymeric material {e.g., neoprene, polystyrene, or nitrile butadiene rubber). In some embodiments, the insulating gas is a high molecular weight gas, such as a noble gas (e.g., xenon, krypton, or argon).

Also provided herein are methods for protecting a diver in cold water environments, comprising providing a diver with a thermally insulating fabric (e.g., such as those used in dive suits) described herein. In some embodiments, the method further comprises reducing the diver's risk for hyperthermia. In other embodiments, the method further comprises allowing the diver to stay in the cold-water environment from about two hours to about three hours.



https://news.yale.edu/2019/04/03/its-one-way-street-sound-waves-new-technology
It’s a one-way street for sound waves in this new technology
By Jim Shelton
April 3, 2019

Imagine being able to hear people whispering in the next room, while the raucous party in your own room is inaudible to the whisperers. Yale researchers have found a way to do just that — make sound flow in one direction — within a fundamental technology found in everything from cell phones to gravitational wave detectors.

What’s more, the researchers have used the same idea to control the flow of heat in one direction. The discovery offers new possibilities for enhancing electronic devices that use acoustic resonators.

The findings, from the lab of Yale’s Jack Harris, are published in the April 4 online edition of the journal Nature.

“This is an experiment in which we make a one-way route for sound waves,” said Harris, a Yale physics professor and the study’s principal investigator. “Specifically, we have two acoustic resonators. Sound stored in the first resonator can leak into the second, but not vice versa.”

Harris said his team was able to achieve the result with a “tuning knob” — a laser setting, actually — that can weaken or strengthen a sound wave, depending on the sound wave’s direction.

Then the researchers took their experiment to a different level. Because heat consists mostly of vibrations, they applied the same ideas to the flow of heat from one object to another.

“By using our one-way sound trick, we can make heat flow from point A to point B, or from B to A, regardless of which one is colder or hotter,” Harris said. “This would be like dropping an ice cube into a glass of hot water and having the ice cubes get colder and colder while the water around them gets warmer and warmer. Then, by changing a single setting on our laser, heat is made to flow the usual way, and the ice cubes gradually warm and melt while the liquid water cools a bit. Though in our experiments it’s not ice cubes and water that are exchanging heat, but rather two acoustic resonators.”

Although some of the most basic examples of acoustic resonators are found in musical instruments or even automobile exhaust pipes, they’re also found in a variety of electronics. They are used as sensors, filters, and transducers because of their compatibility with a wide range of materials, frequencies, and fabrication processes.
A diagram illustrating how a flexible membrane serves as an acoustic resonator, placed between two mirrors.
In the image, a flexible membrane (gray square) serves as an acoustic resonator, placed between two mirrors. When laser light is trapped between the mirrors, it passes repeatedly through the membrane. The force exerted by the laser light is used to control the membrane’s vibrations. (Image credit: Harris Lab)

The first author of the study is former Yale postdoctoral associate Haitan Xu. Co-authors of the study are Yale graduate student Luyao Jiang and A.A. Clerk of the University of Chicago.

The work is supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the Office of Naval Research, and the Simons Foundation.

Nature, volume 568, pages65–69 (2019)
Nonreciprocal control and cooling of phonon modes in an optomechanical system
H. Xu, Luyao Jiang, A. A. Clerk & J. G. E. Harris
Abstract
Mechanical resonators are important components of devices that range from gravitational wave detectors to cellular telephones. They serve as high-performance transducers, sensors and filters by offering low dissipation, tunable coupling to diverse physical systems, and compatibility with a wide range of frequencies, materials and fabrication processes. Systems of mechanical resonators typically obey reciprocity, which ensures that the phonon transmission coefficient between any two resonators is independent of the direction of transmission1,2. Reciprocity must be broken to realize devices (such as isolators and circulators) that provide one-way propagation of acoustic energy between resonators. Such devices are crucial for protecting active elements, mitigating noise and operating full-duplex transceivers. Until now, nonreciprocal phononic devices3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11 have not simultaneously combined the features necessary for robust operation: strong nonreciprocity, in situ tunability, compact integration and continuous operation. Furthermore, they have been applied only to coherent signals (rather than fluctuations or noise), and have been realized exclusively in travelling-wave systems (rather than resonators). Here we describe a scheme that uses the standard cavity-optomechanical interaction to produce robust nonreciprocal coupling between phononic resonators. This scheme provides about 30 decibels of isolation in continuous operation and can be tuned in situ simply via the phases of the drive tones applied to the cavity. In addition, by directly monitoring the dynamics of the resonators we show that this nonreciprocity can control thermal fluctuations, and that this control represents a way to cool phononic resonators.



https://news.yale.edu/2018/04/03/new-device-uses-sound-waves-pristine-crystals-store-information
New device uses sound waves in pristine crystals to store information
By Jim Shelton
April 3, 2018
 
Yale scientists used laser light to gain access to long-lived sound waves in crystalline solids as the basis for information storage. The result was published online April 2 in the journal Nature Physics....

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41567-018-0090-3

Abstract
Control of long-lived, high-frequency phonons using light offers a path towards creating robust quantum links, and could lead to tools for precision metrology with applications to quantum information processing. Optomechanical systems based on bulk acoustic-wave resonators are well suited for this goal in light of their high quality factors, and because they do not suffer from surface interactions as much as their microscale counterparts. However, so far these phonons have been accessible only electromechanically, using piezoelectric interactions. Here, we demonstrate customizable optomechanical coupling to macroscopic phonon modes of a bulk acoustic-wave resonator at cryogenic temperatures. These phonon modes, which are formed by shaping the surfaces of a crystal into a plano-convex phononic resonator, yield appreciable optomechanical coupling rates, providing access to high acoustic quality factors (4.2?×?107) at high phonon frequencies (13?GHz). This simple approach, which uses bulk properties rather than nanostructural control, is appealing for the ability to engineer optomechanical systems at high frequencies that are robust against thermal decoherence. Moreover, we show that this optomechanical system yields a unique form of dispersive symmetry-breaking that enables phonon heating or cooling without an optical cavity.


 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y2ebVw5rL1E
On the Ground: Brent in Saskatchewan - Grand Solar Minimum Report
Ice Age Farmer
Published on Apr 5, 2019
Organic heirloom wheat farmer Brent S. joins Christian to discuss the waterfront, from food price increases resulting from both Canada's Carbon Tax and the threat of US border closure, to conditions on the ground in Saskatchewan, as well as solutions for growing your own food as we enter the Grand Solar Minimum.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ol3tAxnNccY
5G APOCALYPSE - THE EXTINCTION EVENT
Sacha Stone



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1PGm8LslEb4
Manipulating the YouTube Algorithm - (Part 1/3) Smarter Every Day 213



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=auGj_FoZRzI
Earth Catastrophe Cycle -- Signs on the Sun
Suspicious0bservers

Episode 15 | Signs on the sun of a micronova or super flare to come, and also how we can track the pole shift without the ‘officials’. Also BONUS material from Dr. Dunning at the end!



http://kunstler.com/clusterfuck-nation/biblical-anxieties/

Biblical Anxieties
Howard Kunstler

...The Fort Peck Dam on the upper Missouri River in Montana is likewise troubling experts watching a record snowpack in the Rocky Mountains. It too is an earthen dam — the world’s largest by volume — filled with hydraulic slurry. Because it is located on the flat high plains, the dam is extremely long, running 21,000 feet — about four miles — from end to end. Behind it is a reservoir that is the fifth-largest man-made lake in the nation.

Concern is rising because the coming snow melt coincides with seismic activity around the Yellowstone Caldera, one of the world’s super-volcanos. The slurry construction of the dam inclines it to liquification when the ground shakes. Failure of the Fort Peck dam would send the equivalent of a whole year’s flow of the Missouri River downstream in one release that could potentially wash away the other five downstream dams in the Missouri River Mainstem Reservoir System, along with every bridge from Montana to St. Louis, an unimaginable amount of farm and town infrastructure, and several nuclear power installations. It would be the greatest national disaster in US history. Just sayin’...



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C5KKZOpHqVQ

Vitamin K-2 and How to AVOID Calcifying Your Arteries
Dr. John Sottery

Dr. Sottery discusses breakthrough science on Vitamin K-2.  Recent studies show this nutrient is critical to reducing Heart Disease and many forms of Cancer -- and that the majority of people are K-2 deficient.  Vitamin K-2 prevents arterial calcification by its action on MGP (Matrix GLA Protein) and reduces Osteoporosis by activating Osteocalcin.



US2019076343
ORAL CARE FORMULATIONS AND METHODS FOR USE

An oral care product comprising at least one of phytomenadione (vitamin K1), menaquinone (vitamin K2), vitamin C, selenium, ubiquinone (Coenzyme Q10), Astragalus, Ginseng, Schisandra, adaptogenic herbs, cannabidiol, or the like. An oral care product directed toward rebalancing micro-bacterial homeostasis in the mouth, or establishing and maintaining a healthy oral microbiome.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Uz19w7tf1U
The Anti-American Dream
Pat Condell

The quickest way to create a captive society is to educate children to hate their own freedom. Nobody’s feelings were consulted during the making of this video. Anyone who has a problem with that can drop dead.



https://www.gla.ac.uk/news/headline_641631_en.html
More efficient way to reduce water use and improve plant growth

A team of scientists has revealed a new, sustainable way for plants to increase carbon dioxide (CO2) uptake for photosynthesis while reducing water usage.

The breakthrough was led by a team of plant scientists at the University of Glasgow and is published today in the journal Science. The researchers used a new, synthetic light-activated ion channel, engineered from plant and algal virus proteins, to speed up the opening and closing of the stomata – pores in the leaves of plants - through which carbon dioxide (CO2) enters for photosynthesis.

Stomata are also the main route for water loss by plants. Previous attempts to reduce water usage by manipulating these pores has generally come at a cost in CO2 uptake.

Consequently, the plants engineered at Glasgow showed improved growth whilst conserving water use.

The scientists’ modified plants grew as normal and substantially better under light conditions typical of the field, fixing more CO2 while losing less water to the atmosphere.

Crop irrigation accounts for roughly 70% of fresh water use on the planet and its use has expanded at unsustainable rates over the past three decades. Scientists have been trying to find ways to make plants grow with less water. Until now, much of the research has reduced water consumption, but at a potential cost in reduced CO2 uptake and plant growth. This is not a satisfactory approach overall, given the growing demands on agricultural food production.

This new research now offers a different approach that can successfully improve growth without compromising water use efficiency.

The researchers studied the plant Arabidopsis, a member of the mustard family. Using the light-activated ion channel, called BLINK, the plant’s stomatal responses were accelerated and better synchronized when grown under fluctuating light – conditions which are typical of the natural environment (e.g. when clouds pass overhead or when shaded by neighboring plants). The engineered plants demonstrated improved growth and biomass production whilst also conserving water.

Co-corresponding author Prof John Christie, from the University’s Institute of Molecular, Cell and Systems Biology, said: “Our findings demonstrate the feasibility of improving the efficiency of water use by plants while making gains in photosynthetic CO2 assimilation and plant growth.”

Prof Mike Blatt added: “Previous efforts to improve plant water use efficiency have focused on reducing stomatal density, despite the implicit penalty in CO2 uptake for photosynthesis. Alternative approaches, like the one we have used, circumvent the carbon-water trade-off and could be used to improve crop yield, particularly under water limiting conditions.”

Lead author Maria Papanatsiou said: “Plants must optimize the trade-off between photosynthesis and water loss to ensure plant growth and yield. We adopt a well-established approach used in neuroscience, called optogenetics, to better equip stomata that are essential in balancing CO2 uptake and water loss.

“We used a genetic tool that acts as a switch allowing stomata to better synchronize with light conditions and therefore enhance plant performance under light conditions often met in agricultural settings.”

The paper, ‘Optogenetic manipulation of stomatal kinetics improves carbon assimilation, water use, and growth’ is published in Science. The work was funded by grants from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC).

Science  29 Mar 2019: Vol. 363, Issue 6434, pp. 1456-1459
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaw0046

Optogenetic manipulation of stomatal kinetics improves carbon assimilation, water use, and growth
M. Papanatsiou, et al.
Speeding up stomatal responses
A plant's cellular metabolism rapidly adjusts to changes in light conditions, but its stomata—pores that allow gas exchange in leaves—are slower to respond. Because of the lagging response, photosynthesis is less efficient, and excess water is lost through the open pores. Papanatsiou et al. introduced a blue light–responsive ion channel into stomata of the small mustard plant Arabidopsis. The channel increased the rate of stomata opening and closing in response to light. The engineered plants produced more biomass, especially in the fluctuating light conditions typical of outdoor growth.

http://www.rexresearch.com/hhusb/hh5elc.htm
Hemp Husbandry
by R. A. Nelson
Ch. 5 -- Electroculture [ Excerpt ]

...Photosynthesis can be increased up to 400% by means of intermittent light. The researchers used a rotating disk with a cut-out section to chop the light from a lamp. They found that 75% of the light from a given source could be blocked without decreasing the rate of photosynthesis. The improved yields produced by intermittent light depends on the frequency of the flashing. A frequency of 4 flashes/minute resulted in 100% increased yields. The amount of work done by the light can be increased by shortening both the light and dark periods. For example, yields can be increased 100% by using 133 flashes/second. Emerson and Williams improved the yield (compared to continuous light) by 400% by using only 50 flashes/second. The light flashes must be much shorter than the dark period. The minimum dark period is about 0.03 at 25o C. The light reaction begins with about 0.001 second/flash, and it depends on the concentration of carbon dioxide.

A. Shakhov, et al., developed several methods of applying Concentrated Pulsed Sunlight (CPSL) to stimulate the photoenergetic activity of seeds and plants. The flashes of CPSL last from 0.2 to 1 second and produce significant effects on physiological processes and increase plant productivity. The CPSL effect is not caused by the thermal action of concentrated light, but by endowing plants with a "photoenergy reserve" that increases yields of vegetable crops by 20-30%, and grain crops by 5-10%.

Arrays of aluminum and glass dishes are used to concentrate sunlight up to 100 times. The apparatus is shaken lightly by various means to pulse the irradiation as it is directed on seeds or plants. In one such device, a large semi-conical aluminum reflector is rotated by a motor at 100-130 rpm. The seeds arrange themselves in a single layer on the wall of the pan and receive intermittent irradiation as they pass through a fixed focal spot on the inside wall. Artificial lighting (70,000 lux) pulsed 120 flashes/min. was found to produce effects even though the light energy was much lower than that of CPSL. With duckweed, maximum growth was obtained with a pulse period of 0.004 second...



https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2019/03/28/1905258/plastic-eating-bacteria-found-zambales
The Philippine Star, March 28, 2019
 ‘Plastic-eating’ bacteria found in Zambales
Janvic Mateo

Microorganisms capable of “eating” plastic have been discovered in a hyperalkaline spring in Zambales, paving the way for research on new approaches to dealing with the country’s growing plastic problem.

Researchers from the biology department of the University of the Philippines-Baguio have discovered four strains of bacteria that are capable of biodegrading low-density polyethylene (LDPE), which is commonly used for plastic bags, cling wrap, shampoo bottles and other containers.

The study, written by Denisse Yans dela Torre, Lee delos Santos, Mari Louise Reyes and Ronan Baculi, was published in the Philippine Science Letters last year.

It revealed that some bacterial strains collected from rock crevices of the Poon Bato spring in Botolan, Zambales are capable of degrading LDPE, which is highly resistant to degradation under natural conditions.

The researchers said four of the nine bacteria that they isolated from the spring significantly reduced the weight of plastic polymer they were introduced to during the 90-day incubation period.

After consuming the plastic, the bacteria produced byproducts that are environment friendly, according to the researchers.

“Results revealed changes in physical structure and also chemical composition of the films. Another method which determined plastic utilization of the bacteria was the evident decrease in the weight of the films,” the office of the UP vice president for academic affairs said in a brief about the study.

“Protein analysis also indicated that bacterial cells could live and proliferate with films as the source of energy. Looking at the physical and chemical changes of the plastics before and after some time with the bacterial isolates, it was deduced that these minute organisms can possibly end plastic domination by making a meal out of it,” it added.

In their paper, the researchers said the LDPE degradation capability of the bacterial strains may be due to the extreme conditions, particularly the hyperalkaline environment, that they thrive in.

They noted previous studies abroad that showed organisms thriving in extreme conditions as capable of biodegrading plastics.

In the case of their study, the bacteria were found in Poon Bato Spring, a natural alkaline spring in Zambales that contains calcium, magnesium, sulfate, chloride and iron.

With plastics emerging as a major environmental issue in the country and across the globe, the researchers said their discovery may be used in addressing the problem.

Specifically, they pushed for continuing research to determine the distribution and population of polymer-degrading mi

croorganisms and the possible formulation of a “microbial consortia” that would be more effective in biodegrading plastics.

“This study demonstrated the ability of the isolates to degrade polyethylene even in the absence of prior oxidation treatments,” they wrote.

“The results showed that selected microorganisms exhibited great potential for LDPE biodegradation, a discovery which can be used in reducing solid waste currently accumulating in natural environments,” they added.



https://suspectsky.com/hidden-catastrophe-science/
https://vimeo.com/322065641?from=outro-embed
The Adam & Eve Story
( Catastrophism novel, suppressed by the CIA )

https://vimeo.com/322342344
Postlude ( 1971 )



https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6848453/Life-Mars-NASAs-Curiosity-rover-snaps-photos-mushrooms.html

Images from the surface of Mars reveal the presence of mushrooms, a group of scientists claim in a controversial new study.

http://journalofastrobiology.com/Mars5.html
Journal of Astrobiology and Space Science Reviews, 1, 40--81, 2019
Evidence of Life on Mars?
R. Gabriel Joseph, et al.
Abstract
Evidence is reviewed which supports the hypothesis that prokaryotes and eukaryotes may have colonized Mars. One source of Martian life, is Earth. A variety of species remain viable after long term exposure to the radiation intense environment of space, and may survive ejection from Earth following meteor strikes, ejection from the stratosphere and mesosphere via solar winds, and sterilization of Mars-bound spacecraft; whereas simulations studies have shown that prokaryotes, fungi and lichens survive in simulated Martian environments -- findings which support the hypothesis life may have been repeatedly transferred from Earth to Mars. Four independent investigators have reported what appears to be fungi and lichens on the Martian surface, whereas a fifth investigator reported what may be cyanobacteria. In another study, a statistically significant majority of 70 experts, after examining Martian specimens photographed by NASA, identified and agreed fungi, basidiomycota ("puffballs"), and lichens may have colonized Mars. Fifteen specimens resembling and identified as "puffballs" were photographed emerging from the ground over a three day period. It is possible these latter specimens are hematite and what appears to be "growth" is due to a strong wind which uncovered these specimens--an explanation which cannot account for before and after photos of what appears to be masses of fungi growing atop and within the Mars rovers. Terrestrial hematite is in part fashioned and cemented together by prokaryotes and fungi, and thus Martian hematite may also be evidence of biology. Three independent research teams have identified sediments on Mars resembling stromatolites and outcroppings having micro meso and macro characteristics typical of terrestrial microbialites constructed by cyanobacteria. Quantitative morphological analysis determined these latter specimens are statistically and physically similar to terrestrial stromatolites. Reports of water, biological residue discovered in Martian meteor ALH84001, the seasonal waning and waxing of atmospheric and ground level Martian methane which on Earth is 90% due to biology and plant growth and decay, and results from the 1976 Mars Viking Labeled Release Experiments indicating biological activity, also support the hypothesis that Mars was, and is, a living planet. Nevertheless, much of the evidence remains circumstantial and unverified, and the possibility of life on Mars remains an open question.



https://news.mit.edu/2019/brain-wave-stimulation-improve-alzheimers-0314
March 14, 2019
Brain wave stimulation may improve Alzheimer’s symptoms
Noninvasive treatment improves memory and reduces amyloid plaques in mice.
Anne Trafton

By exposing mice to a unique combination of light and sound, MIT neuroscientists have shown that they can improve cognitive and memory impairments similar to those seen in Alzheimer’s patients.

This noninvasive treatment, which works by inducing brain waves known as gamma oscillations, also greatly reduced the number of amyloid plaques found in the brains of these mice. Plaques were cleared in large swaths of the brain, including areas critical for cognitive functions such as learning and memory.

“When we combine visual and auditory stimulation for a week, we see the engagement of the prefrontal cortex and a very dramatic reduction of amyloid,” says Li-Huei Tsai, director of MIT’s Picower Institute for Learning and Memory and the senior author of the study.

Further study will be needed, she says, to determine if this type of treatment will work in human patients. The researchers have already performed some preliminary safety tests of this type of stimulation in healthy human subjects.

MIT graduate student Anthony Martorell and Georgia Tech graduate student Abigail Paulson are the lead authors of the study, which appears in the March 14 issue of Cell.

Memory improvement
The brain’s neurons generate electrical signals that synchronize to form brain waves in several different frequency ranges. Previous studies have suggested that Alzheimer’s patients have impairments of their gamma-frequency oscillations, which range from 25 to 80 hertz (cycles per second) and are believed to contribute to brain functions such as attention, perception, and memory.

In 2016, Tsai and her colleagues first reported the beneficial effects of restoring gamma oscillations in the brains of mice that are genetically predisposed to develop Alzheimer’s symptoms. In that study, the researchers used light flickering at 40 hertz, delivered for one hour a day. They found that this treatment reduced levels of beta amyloid plaques and another Alzheimer’s-related pathogenic marker, phosphorylated tau protein. The treatment also stimulated the activity of debris-clearing immune cells known as microglia.

In that study, the improvements generated by flickering light were limited to the visual cortex. In their new study, the researchers set out to explore whether they could reach other brain regions, such as those needed for learning and memory, using sound stimuli. They found that exposure to one hour of 40-hertz tones per day, for seven days, dramatically reduced the amount of beta amyloid in the auditory cortex (which processes sound) as well as the hippocampus, a key memory site that is located near the auditory cortex.

“What we have demonstrated here is that we can use a totally different sensory modality to induce gamma oscillations in the brain. And secondly, this auditory-stimulation-induced gamma can reduce amyloid and Tau pathology in not just the sensory cortex but also in the hippocampus,” says Tsai, who is a founding member of MIT’s Aging Brain Initiative.

The researchers also tested the effect of auditory stimulation on the mice’s cognitive abilities. They found that after one week of treatment, the mice performed much better when navigating a maze requiring them to remember key landmarks. They were also better able to recognize objects they had previously encountered.

They also found that auditory treatment induced changes in not only microglia, but also the blood vessels, possibly facilitating the clearance of amyloid.

Dramatic effect
The researchers then decided to try combining the visual and auditory stimulation, and to their surprise, they found that this dual treatment had an even greater effect than either one alone. Amyloid plaques were reduced throughout a much greater portion of the brain, including the prefrontal cortex, where higher cognitive functions take place. The microglia response was also much stronger.

“These microglia just pile on top of one another around the plaques,” Tsai says. “It’s very dramatic.”

The researchers found that if they treated the mice for one week, then waited another week to perform the tests, many of the positive effects had faded, suggesting that the treatment would need to be given continually to maintain the benefits.

In an ongoing study, the researchers are now analyzing how gamma oscillations affect specific brain cell types, in hopes of discovering the molecular mechanisms behind the phenomena they have observed. Tsai says she also hopes to explore why the specific frequency they use, 40 hertz, has such a profound impact.

The combined visual and auditory treatment has already been tested in healthy volunteers, to assess its safety, and the researchers are now beginning to enroll patients with early-stage Alzheimer’s to study its possible effects on the disease.

“Though there are important differences among species, there is reason to be optimistic that these methods can provide useful interventions for humans,” says Nancy Kopell, a professor of mathematics and statistics at Boston University, who was not involved in the research. “This paper and related studies have the potential for huge clinical impact in Alzheimer’s disease and others involving brain inflammation.”

The research was funded, in part, by the Robert and Renee Belfer Family Foundation, the Halis Family Foundation, the JPB Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, and the MIT Aging Brain Initiative.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ijA7atHnm8M
The Emergence of the Breakaway Civilization
Walter Bosley




Frank Zappa 12/21/1940 - 12/4/1993

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o-iqifrXT44
Frank Zappa on Mankind

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uKgK91zCq44
Frank Zappa - Stairway to Heaven

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y2hiDYE5Qdw
ZAPPA - Bolero

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wqp71DOJ3aY
Frank Zappa - Inca Roads (A Token Of His Extreme)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=33zbmg9JsJ0
Frank Zappa (VIDEO) Musikbyran (video documentary)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dzg5evqxi_8
Frank Zappa DC Boogie
From the album: Imaginary Diseases
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cPDc6VHT-mc
Frank Zappa Interview Collection 1967 - 1993 (10 Hours)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v1PYQhp10qM
Frank Zappa Warts 'n' All (unreleased 1979 album)
http://www.zappa.com/



https://revolution-green.com/coffee-based-colloids-direct-solar-absorption/

Coffee-based colloids for direct solar absorption

...In a recent study, Matteo Alberghini and co-workers at the Departments of Energy, Applied Science and Technology, and the National Institute of Optics in Italy, investigated a sustainable, stable and inexpensive colloid based on coffee solutions to implement direct solar absorption. Results of their work are now published on Scientific Reports... the colloid consisted of distilled water, Arabica coffee, glycerol and copper sulphate to optimize the properties and biocompatibility of the fluid. The scientists analyzed the photothermal performance of the proposed fluid for direct solar absorption and compared its performance with traditional flat-plate collectors. They showed that the collectors could be precisely tailored and realized with 3-D printing for the experimental tests...

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-39032-5
Scientific Reportsvolume 9, Article number: 4701 (2019)
Coffee-based colloids for direct solar absorption
Matteo Alberghini, et al.

https://www.osti.gov/biblio/196525-enhancing-thermal-conductivity-fluids-nanoparticles
OSTI.GOV Conference: Enhancing thermal conductivity of fluids with nanoparticles

Enhancing thermal conductivity of fluids with nanoparticles
Choi, S.U.S.; Eastman, J.A.
Abstract
Low thermal conductivity is a primary limitation in the development of energy-efficient heat transfer fluids that are required in many industrial applications. In this paper we propose that an innovative new class of heat transfer fluids can be engineered by suspending metallic nanoparticles in conventional heat transfer fluids. The resulting {open_quotes}nanofluids{close_quotes} are expected to exhibit high thermal conductivities compared to those of currently used heat transfer fluids, and they represent the best hope for enhancement of heat transfer. The results of a theoretical study of the thermal conductivity of nanofluids with copper nanophase materials are presented, the potential benefits of the fluids are estimated, and it is shown that one of the benefits of nanofluids will be dramatic reductions in heat exchanger pumping power.



Got floods ?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9MFN2tXnd0Y
$1 Bushcraft Kayak



http://www.atomic-robo.com/atomicrobo/v13ch1-page-08
Atomic Robo re: Isaac Newton's Alchemy



https://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?DB=EPODOC&II=14&ND=3&adjacent=true&locale=en_EP&FT=D&date=20170831&CC=MD&NR=4502B1&KC=B1#

MD4502
Drug in the form of gel for the treatment of periodontal diseases (embodiments)

The invention relates to the field of medicine, namely to a sustained-action drug that can be used for treating periodontal diseases.The sustained-action drug in the form of gel for the treatment of periodontal diseases comprises a gelling agent 5.0…10.0 g, a plasticizer 0.5…2.0 g, sodium hypochlorite 0.5…1.0 g, collagen 5.0…10.0 g, hyaluronic acid sodium salt 0.5…2.0 g, dimethylsulfoxide 1.0…3.0 g, extract of mature nutshells (Juglans regia L.) calculated for dry substance 0.5…1.0 g, extract of Spirulina platensis cyanobacterium strain biomass calculated for dry substance 0.5…2.5 g and water 100 mL; it can also comprise extract of Calendula officinalis L. flowers calculated for dry substance 3.5…5.0 g and extract of Armoracia rusticana Lam. roots calculated for dry substance 0.5…1.0 g, or combinations thereof.



https://dissenter.com/
Dissenter
The Comment Section of the Internet
What people are saying...



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zoxZRMmtM4g
The Deodorant for Pits and Private Parts



Dr Benjamin Rush warned us this day would come :

https://shepherdsheart.life/blogs/news/breaking-medical-martial-law-has-begun-and-what-you-need-to-know

BREAKING: Medical Martial Law has Begun and What You Need to Know
by Celeste B.



https://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2019/03/americas_233yearold_shock_at_jihad.html
03/29/2019
America’s 233-Year-Old Shock at Jihad
by Raymond Ibrahim

Exactly 233 years ago this week, two of America’s founding fathers documented their first exposure to Islamic jihad in a letter to Congress; like many Americans today, they too were shocked at what they learned.

Context: in 1785, Muslim pirates from North Africa, or “Barbary,” had captured two American ships, the Maria and Dauphin, and enslaved their crews. In an effort to ransom the enslaved Americans and establish peaceful relations, Thomas Jefferson and John Adams -- then ambassadors to France and England respectively -- met with Tripoli’s ambassador to Britain, Abdul Rahman Adja. Following this diplomatic exchange, they laid out the source of the Barbary States’ hitherto inexplicable animosity to American vessels in a letter to Congress dated March 28, 1786:

    We took the liberty to make some inquiries concerning the grounds of their [Barbary’s] pretentions to make war upon nations who had done them no injury, and observed that we considered all mankind as our friends who had done us no wrong, nor had given us any provocation. The ambassador answered us that it was founded on the laws of their Prophet, that it was written in their Koran, that all nations who should not have acknowledged their authority were sinners, that it was their right and duty to make war upon them wherever they could be found, and to make slaves of all they could take as prisoners, and that every Musselman who should be slain in battle was sure to go to Paradise

One need not conjecture what the American ambassadors -- who years earlier had asserted that all men were “endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights” -- thought of their Muslim counterpart’s answer.  Suffice to say, because the ransom demanded was over fifteen times greater than what Congress had approved, little came of the meeting.

It should be noted that centuries before setting their sights on American vessels, the Barbary States of Muslim North Africa -- specifically Tripoli, Algiers, Tunis -- had been thriving on the slave trade of Christians abducted from virtually every corner of coastal Europe -- including Britain, Ireland, Denmark, and Iceland.  These raids were so successful that, “between 1530 and 1780 there were almost certainly a million and quite possibly as many as a million and a quarter white, European Christians enslaved by the Muslims of the Barbary Coast,” to quote American historian Robert Davis.

The treatment of these European slaves was exacerbated by the fact that they were Christian “infidels.”  As Robert Playfair (b.1828), who served for years as a consul in Barbary, explained, “In almost every case they [European slaves] were hated on account of their religion.”  Three centuries earlier, John Foxe had written in his Book of Martyrs that, “In no part of the globe are Christians so hated, or treated with such severity, as at Algiers.”

The punishments these European slaves received for real or imagined offenses beggared description: “If they speak against Mahomet [blasphemy], they must become Mahometans, or be impaled alive. If they profess Christianity again, after having changed to the Mahometan persuasion, they are roasted alive [as apostates], or thrown from the city walls, and caught upon large sharp hooks, on which they hang till they expire.”

As such, when Captain O’Brien of the Dauphin wrote to Jefferson saying that “our sufferings are beyond our expression or your conception,” he was clearly not exaggerating.

After Barbary’s ability to abduct coastal Europeans had waned in the mid-eighteenth century, its energy was spent on raiding infidel merchant vessels. Instead of responding by collectively confronting and neutralizing Barbary, European powers, always busy quarrelling among themselves, opted to buy peace through tribute (or, according to Muslim rationale, jizya).

Fresh meat appeared on the horizon once the newly-born United States broke free of Great Britain (and was therefore no longer protected by the latter’s jizya payments).

Some American congressmen agreed with Jefferson that “it will be more easy to raise ships and men to fight these pirates into reason, than money to bribe them” -- including General George Washington: “In such an enlightened, in such a liberal age, how is it possible that the great maritime powers of Europe should submit to pay an annual tribute to the little piratical States of Barbary?” he wrote to a friend. “Would to Heaven we had a navy able to reform those enemies to mankind, or crush them into nonexistence.” 

But the majority of Congress agreed with John Adams: “We ought not to fight them at all unless we determine to fight them forever.” Considering the perpetual, existential nature of Islamic hostility, Adams may have been more right than he knew.

Congress settled on emulating the Europeans and paying off the terrorists, though it would take years to raise the demanded ransom.

When Muslim pirates from Algiers captured eleven more American merchant vessels in 1794, the Naval Act was passed and a permanent U.S. naval force established. But because the first war vessels would not be ready until 1800, American jizya payments -- which took up 16 percent of the federal budget -- began to be made to Algeria in 1795. In return, over 100 American sailors were released -- how many died or disappeared is unclear -- and the Islamic sea raids formally ceased. American payments and “gifts” over the following years caused the increasingly emboldened Muslim pirates to respond with increasingly capricious demands.

One of the more ignoble instances occurred in 1800, when Captain William Bainbridge of the George Washington sailed to the pirate-leader of Algiers, with what the latter deemed insufficient tribute. Referring to the Americans as “my slaves,” Dey Mustapha ordered them to transport hundreds of black slaves to Istanbul (Constantinople).  Adding insult to insult, he commanded the American crew to take down the U.S. flag and hoist the Islamic flag -- one not unlike ISIS’ notorious black flag -- in its place.  And, no matter how rough the seas might be during the long voyage, Bainbridge was required to make sure the George Washington faced Mecca five times a day to accommodate the prayers of Muslims onboard.

That Bainbridge condescended to becoming Barbary’s delivery boy seems only to have further whetted the terrorists’ appetite.  In 1801, Tripoli demanded an instant payment of $225,000, followed by annual payments of $25,000 -- respectively equivalent to $3.5 million and $425,000 today.  Concluding that “nothing will stop the eternal increase of demand from these pirates but the presence of an armed force,” America’s third president, Jefferson, refused the ultimatum. (He may have recalled Captain O’Brien’s observation concerning his Barbary masters: “Money is their God and Mahomet their prophet.”)

Denied jizya from the infidels, Tripoli proclaimed jihad on the United States on May 10, 1801. But by now, America had six war vessels, which Jefferson deployed to the Barbary Coast.  For the next five years, the U.S. Navy warred with the Muslim pirates, making little headway and suffering some setbacks -- the most humiliating being when the Philadelphia and its crew were captured in 1803.

Desperate measures were needed: enter William Eaton. As U.S. consul to Tunis (1797–1803), he had lived among and understood the region’s Muslims well. He knew that “the more you give the more the Turks will ask for,” and despised that old sense of Islamic superiority: “It grates me mortally,” he wrote, “when I see a lazy Turk [generic for Muslim] reclining at his ease upon an embroidered sofa, with one Christian slave to hold his pipe, another to hold his coffee, and a third to fan away the flies.” Seeing that the newborn American navy was making little headway against the seasoned pirates, he devised a daring plan: to sponsor the claim of Mustafa’s brother, exiled in Alexandria; and then to march the latter’s supporters and mercenaries through five hundred miles of desert, from Alexandria onto Tripoli.

The trek was arduous -- not least because of the Muslim mercenaries themselves. Eaton had repeatedly tried to win them over: “I touched upon the affinity of principle between the Islam and Americans [sic] religion.” But despite these all too familiar ecumenical overtures, “We find it almost impossible to inspire these wild bigots with confidence in us,” he lamented in his diary, “or to persuade them that, being Christians, we can be otherwise than enemies to Mussulmen. We have a difficult undertaking!” (For all his experience with Muslims, Eaton was apparently unaware of the finer points of their (Sharia) law, namely, al-wala’ wa’l bara’, or “loyalty and enmity.”)

Eaton eventually managed to reach and conquer Tripoli’s coastal town of Derne on April 27, 1805.  Less than two months later, on June 10, a peace treaty was signed between the U.S. and Tripoli, formally ending hostilities.

Thus and despite the (rather ignorant) question that became popular after 9/11, “Why do they hate us?” -- a question that was answered to Jefferson and Adams 233 years ago today -- the United States’ first war and victory as a nation was against Muslims, and the latter had initiated hostilities on the same rationale Muslims had used to initiate hostilities against non-Muslims for the preceding 1,200 years.


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