Stuff & Stuff
Sci-Tech News & Olds, &c...

  May 2019

& What Ads They're Cliquein':



Dear Muslims : Please F-Off and take your hokey boring retard psychosexual pervert theocracy with you -- and eat some 'shrooms and cannabis while you're gone -- and don't come back until you're humane.

Watch Traitorous, Christian-Hating Muslim Rep Tlaib Vowing Muslim Goal Is To Take Down America - Vid


5G Apocalypse: The Extinction Event film reveals how 5G is an assault weapon meant to destroy humanity
by: Ethan Huff   


Doctors go crazy after woman uses peppermint oil to remove a tick from her skin in viral Facebook video

 If you go out in the woods today, you’re in for a big surprise. That line from a favorite children’s nursery rhyme is certainly true when it comes to ticks. Those creepy little critters carry some seriously nasty diseases, including Lyme disease, and they’re most active between April and September. In other words, if you’re going to be heading outdoors to enjoy the warmer weather, you need to be aware that the ticks are doing the same thing.

Lyme disease is far more common than many of us realize. Around 30,000 cases are reported by national health authorities each year, but the CDC believes that the true numbers are far higher, and as many as 300,000 people could actually be affected annually. Even celebrities Bella Hadid and Avril Lavigne have reported contracting the disease in recent years.

The biggest problem, it would seem, is that people who live in places where Lyme disease is common are unaware that they are at risk and do not take steps to protect themselves. The result is that many people enter affected areas without protective clothing or bug repellent, and end up taking more than lungfuls of fresh air home with them.

Since the tick problem is such a common one, it is hardly surprising that a Facebook video of a woman removing a tick from her body with just a drop of peppermint oil has gone viral; at last count, over 27 million people had viewed the post.

The clip shows the tick getting so irritated by the peppermint oil that after just 20 seconds it crawls away from the affected area. On the surface this looks particularly impressive, because unlike other methods of removal like tweezers, the tick comes out in one piece, not leaving any of its mouth parts behind. This is important, because when those parts are left behind in the body they increase the risk of other infectious diseases.

100% organic essential oil sets now available for your home and personal care, including Rosemary, Oregano, Eucalyptus, Tea Tree, Clary Sage and more, all 100% organic and laboratory tested for safety. A multitude of uses, from stress reduction to topical first aid. See the complete listing here, and help support this news site.

Of course, this natural remedy has sent the mainstream medical community into hysterics. Opponents of the method insist that aggravating the tick in this manner might cause it to salivate into the body, increasing the risk of infectious disease transfer.

“Those are actually salivated into the body when the tick attaches and so we don’t want to agitate the tick in any way that is going to make it salivate more and thereby be more likely to transmit anything into you that may make you sick,” said Dr. Neeta Connally, assistant professor of Biology at Western Connecticut State University.

What Connally says certainly makes sense, but one has to wonder: Wouldn’t grabbing the tick with a pair of tweezers or another device also “aggravate” it? Why would that not cause it to “salivate more?”

While many online sources say that using “a pair of fine-tipped tweezers” to remove the tick is a great solution, others insist that tweezers are no good as they are likely to put too much pressure on the mouth parts and cause them to break off. These sources insist that only a special tick-removal device will suffice.

It seems highly unlikely to me that many people keep such special devices around the house. As is almost always the case, prevention seems by far to be the best solution.

Here are some tips to keep the ticks off your body in the first place:

Wear light-colored long-sleeved shirts and pants whenever you go walking in wooded areas or shady grassland.
Apply a natural, non-chemical insect repellent to your skin and clothing before leaving the house.
Check very carefully for ticks in all the hairy parts of your body after you return home, including easy-to-forget areas like your scalp and underarms.
Wash your clothing as soon as possible.
If you do find a tick on your body, get a doctor or someone with a special tick remover to get the tick out as soon as possible. Time is of the essence; it takes between 36 and 48 hours for a tick to transmit Lyme disease to a host after it becomes attached.
Watch out for a tell-tale bulls-eye rash anywhere on your body if you think you may have been in a tick-infested area. This rash can appear anywhere between three and 30 days after exposure, and indicates Lyme disease infection.


Do NOT try this at home: Experts TICKed off at a viral video of a woman putting peppermint oil on parasite because it could give you deadly Lyme disease
by Claudia Tanner
Facebook video shows oil-doused tick crawling out of her skin in just 20 seconds
An expert warns this could agitate the pest and provoke it into salivating
This could then cause the tick to release Lyme disease-causing bacteria   
Despite its risks, the misleading video has more than 27 million views to date


What is Calcium Glycerophosphate?

Calcium glycerophosphate is a mineral composed of equal amounts of calcium and phosphorous. Its precursor, calcium phosphate, represents a group of calcium salts and minerals that are important for healthy bones and teeth. In fact, bone and teeth are largely comprised of calcium phosphate and its derivatives. However, the bioavailability of calcium salts and other calcium-based compounds has presented a challenge in the past. Calcium glycerophosphate is a relatively new dietary supplement that appears to offer the same health benefits, but is more readily absorbed.

One of the best known and best documented health benefits associated with calcium glycerophosphate is checking interstitial cystitis, a condition that leads to frequent urination and poor bladder control due to chronic inflammation of the bladder. While the specific cause of this condition is unknown, it is suspected that a diet high in acidic foods, such as tomatoes, fruit juices, coffee, tea, etc., may be a contributing factor. Since complete elimination of these foods is difficult for many people, researchers turned to calcium glycerophosphate to see if it could bring relief of symptoms.

As a supplement, calcium glycerophosphate is available as Prelief®, in which the mineral is the primary active ingredient. Studies have found that this can significantly reduce the urge to urinate, as well as minimize discomfort experienced after consuming highly acidic foods and beverages. However, the studies also found that this substance appears to alter the foods ingested, and not result in a biochemical process on the body itself. Otherwise, the latter scenario could lead to diminished levels of hydrochloric acid in the stomach necessary for proper digestion. In terms of direct action on foods, calcium glycerophosphate demonstrated an ability to reduce the acid content of jarred tomato sauce by 60 percent and coffee by 95 percent.

However, while these results sound promising, it’s important to note that most of the studies on calcium glycerophosphate conducted so far have been performed by the manufacturer and not an independent third party. It should also be noted that long-term supplementation may still carry the potential to decrease normal levels of stomach hydrochloric acid. Therefore, the manufacturer of Prelief® recommends limiting supplementation to only those times when one expects to eat acidic foods.

Since calcium is critical for the healthy teeth, calcium glycerophosphate has also been examined to see if it could help prevent the loss of tooth enamel. A recent Brazilian study found that supplementation with this mineral significantly increased the phosphorus content of dental biofilm, which in turn enhanced its pH. The final results showed reduced demineralization, as well as a reduction in cavities among the study subjects.

5 Things to Know About Hemp Farming

Here are 5 things your need to know about hemp farming for both high CBD or industrial. In today's video, I head out to the University of Vermont (UVM) Hemp Conference. I learned a lot about growing hemp and starting a hemp farm in 2019. Come along and experience the conference. Interview include Dr. Heather Darby, Lt. Governor David Zuckerman and Netaka.

Casein :

Scientist: Milk From Cows Has “The Most Relevant Carcinogen Ever Identified” & “Turns on Cancer”
By Arjun Walia


Scientist Explains How Cow’s Milk Leeches Calcium From Your Bones & Makes Them Weaker
By Arjun Walia


Plant-Based Protein VS. Protein From Meat: Which One Is Better For Your Body?
By Arjun Walia


The China Study: Revised and Expanded Edition: The Most Comprehensive Study of Nutrition Ever Conducted and the Startling Implications for Diet, Weight Loss, and Long-Term Health
by T. Colin Campbell


From Director George Llewelyn-John, You Can’t Watch This is an independent documentary film concerning itself with Freedom of Speech and the online world. Told through the stories of high profile conservatives who vanished from the internet almost overnight, You Can’t Watch This explores the effects and efficacy of social media censorship and the implications for Americans’ First Amendment rights.

The Hendershot Generator "Do It Yourself" Kit

Hendershot Electromagnetic Atmospheric Receiver & Transformer Kit
Each "DIY" kit includes:
The Hendershot Generator Blueprints & Quick start Guide (PDF Files Downloaded off of Website)
2.5 hour step by step video (Download from website or watch on youtube)
One piece of copper enameled wire, 50 meters long, 0.95 mm in diameter
Four pieces of copper PVC insulated copper wire, 9 meters long, 1.5mm in diameter (2 different color insulation)
120 skew sticks, 1/8" in diameter
2 unpolarized capacitors - 500 micro Farads each
4 unpolarized capacitors - 1000 micro Farads each
2 transformers 1:5 ratio for 110 / 220 Volts
One piece of copper PVC insulated copper wire, 10 meters long, 1 mm in diameter
One surface applicable 110 volts socket - US & Canada Only
Two furniture - drawer rails (the version with bearings)
Two cylindrical iron bars, 1/2" in diameter, 3" long
One rectangular iron bar, 4" long x 1" x 1/8"
One very powerful neodymium magnet (cylindrical)  1" x 1" x 4" long


The electromagnetic field generator includes a shell, an electrostatic generator, a power plant, a thermoelectric generator, and an electric motor. The shell has embedded polycrystalline ferroelectric ceramic material which is polarized such that the ceramic material exhibits strong Piezoelectric Effect properties thus inducing high frequency vibrations. The shell may be further doped with radioactive elements which under high frequency vibrations induce gamma ray emission. The electrostatic generator is for charging up the shell and is disposed within the shell. The power plant is to generate thermal power, and is disposed within the sphere. The thermoelectric generator is to convert the thermal power generated by the power plant to electrical energy. The electric motor powered by the electrical energy generated by the thermoelectric generator, and supplies input voltage such that the shell spins at high angular speeds, vibrates at high frequencies, and generates an electromagnetic field...

[0021] Extremely high electromagnetic field intensity (rate of energy flow per unit area) values of 10<24 >Watts/m<2 >(and higher) can be generated with the inventive concept at hand. Furthermore, using a specially engineered geometrical configuration (a sharp end protrusion 125 out of the shell) in conjunction with the terrestrial (land) or sea based systems, by coupling the Piezoelectric Effect with the Mossbauer Effect (the recoilless emission of gamma rays due to high frequency oscillations/vibrations of the shell), it is possible to generate a Cyclonic Plasma shield, which would greatly amplify the produced electromagnetic field intensity (hence the shielding effects)...

May 17, 2019
Electric field-based dressing helps heal wound infections

Researchers at Indiana University School of Medicine have found a way to charge up the fight against bacterial infections using electricity.

Work conducted in the laboratories of the Indiana Center for Regenerative Medicine and Engineering, Chandan Sen, PhD and Sashwati Roy, PhD has led to the development of a dressing that uses an electric field to disrupt biofilm infection. Their findings were recently published in the journal Annals of Surgery.

Bacterial biofilms are thin, slimy films of bacteria that form on some wounds, including burns or post-surgical infections, as well as after a medical device, such as a catheter, is placed in the body. These bacteria generate their own electricity, using their own electric fields to communicate and form the biofilm, which makes them more hostile and difficult to treat. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates 65 percent of all infections are caused by bacteria with this biofilm phenotype, while the National Institutes of Health estimates that number is closer to 80 percent.

Researchers at IU School of Medicine are the first to study the practice of using an electric field-based dressing to treat biofilms rather than antibiotics. They discovered the dressing is not only successful in fighting the bacteria on its own, but when combined with other medications can make them even more effective. This discovery has the potential to create significant changes in the way physicians treat patients with bacterial infections which are resistant to antibiotics. The dressing can also help prevent new biofilm infections from forming in the future. The dressing electrochemically self-generates 1 volt of electricity upon contact with body fluids such as wound fluid or blood, which is not enough to hurt or electrocute the patient.

"This shows for the first time that bacterial biofilm can be disrupted by using an electroceutical dressing," said Chandan Sen, PhD, director of the Indiana Center for Regenerative Medicine and Engineering and associate vice president of research for the IU School of Medicine Department of Surgery. "This has implications across surgery as biofilm presence can lead to many complications in successful surgical outcomes. Such textile may be considered for serving as hospital fabric -- a major source of hospital acquired infections"

Marketing of the dressing for burn care was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration. The team is now studying the device's effectiveness in patients recovering from burns.

Annals of Surgery. 269(4):756–766, APR 2019
DOI: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000002504
Electric Field Based Dressing Disrupts Mixed-Species Bacterial Biofilm Infection and Restores Functional Wound Healing
Kasturi Barki, et al.
This study was designed to employ electroceutical principles, as an alternative to pharmacological intervention, to manage wound biofilm infection. Mechanism of action of a United States Food and Drug Administration-cleared wireless electroceutical dressing (WED) was tested in an established porcine chronic wound polymicrobial biofilm infection model involving inoculation with Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and Acinetobacter baumannii 19606.

Background: Bacterial biofilms represent a major wound complication. Resistance of biofilm toward pharmacologic interventions calls for alternative therapeutic strategies. Weak electric field has anti-biofilm properties. We have previously reported the development of WED involving patterned deposition of Ag and Zn on fabric. When moistened, WED generates a weak electric field without any external power supply and can be used as any other disposable dressing.

Methods: WED dressing was applied within 2?hours of wound infection to test its ability to prevent biofilm formation. Alternatively, WED was applied after 7 days of infection to study disruption of established biofilm. Wounds were treated with placebo dressing or WED twice a week for 56 days.

Results: Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that WED prevented and disrupted wound biofilm aggregates. WED accelerated functional wound closure by restoring skin barrier function. WED blunted biofilm-induced expression of (1) P. aeruginosa quorum sensing mvfR (pqsR), rhlR and lasR genes, and (2) miR-9 and silencing of E-cadherin. E-cadherin is critically required for skin barrier function. Furthermore, WED rescued against biofilm-induced persistent inflammation by circumventing nuclear factor kappa B activation and its downstream cytokine responses.

Conclusion: This is the first pre-clinical porcine mechanistic study to recognize the potential of electroceuticals as an effective platform technology to combat wound biofilm infection.


Disclosed and described herein are systems and methods energy generation from fabric electrochemistry. An electrical cell is created when electrodes (cathodes and anodes) are 'printed' on or otherwise embedded into fabrics to generate DC power when moistened by a conductive bodily liquid such as sweat, wound, fluid, etc. The latter acts, in turn, as the cell's electrolyte. A singular piece of fabric can be configured into multiple cells by dividing regions of the fabric with hydrophobic barriers and having at least one anode-cathode set in each region. Flexible inter-connections between the cells can be used to scale the generated power, per the application requirements.


Russian Scientists Make GOLD Flat to Use for Plugging in 'Gadgets' to BRAIN

There were earlier quite a few attempts to devise “flat” chemical structures from metals, but the structure of gold, for instance, was far too solid to do this. However, Russian physicists’ latest efforts appear to have yielded fruit after they discovered that molybdenum sulphites would be more active with regard to the precious metal’s atoms.

Russian scientists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology have arrived at the conclusion that gold can be rendered as any bidimensional structure by means of attaching its atoms to a special base made of a sulphur or molybdenum compound, with the finding, written about in the journal Advanced Material Interfaces, expected to be used in the creation of cutting-edge transparent electronic devices.

“We are expecting the sphere of quasi-bidimensional materials to make huge leaps forward. In the not so distant past, they were not available even to scientists. Yet, today, one can indeed talk about huge prospects of the technology that we have proposed that can be used to develop flexible and transparent electronics. We’d love to see it roll off the assembly lines in the near future, and we are working on it”, noted Alexey Arsenin, the director of the Institute’s Centre for Photonics and Bidimensional Materials.

Chemists, physicists, and other representative of natural sciences have long believed that exclusively completely “three-dimensional” materials can exist in nature – ones that have a length, width and height.

These conceptions started to change only in the early 1950s, when theoretical physicists proved that “flat” atomic structures could likewise be found in the world. After a long string of failed efforts to design such a material, the mission was successfully accomplished by a pair of Russian-British scientists in 2004, Andrey Game and Konstantin Novosyolov.

They discovered a simple, but perfectly smart and effective way to produce graphene, a “flat” sulphur form, by playing with graphite bits while they analysed their electric properties.

In the following 15 years, the scientists came up with dozens of such structures, some of which appeared to be even more curious than graphene, as they consist of atoms from not one, but two or even three different components – for instance, “the flat magnets” made of chrome and iodine compounds, as well as rare metal and silicon compounds.

According to the Institute’s press service, the success was, however, not full-fledged, as the physicists failed for several consecutive years to arrive at “flat” materials derived from pure metals, as the latter do not normally segregate, rendering it impossible to rip away a layer of atoms using the Game and Novosyolov technique. They persisted in their efforts using molybdenum sulphite, in the hope that sulphur would merge more actively with atoms of gold than carbon.

The scientists have expressed hopes that their brainchild will be put to use not only in the build-up of high-tech transparent devices, but will also help neurophysiologists create exceptionally accurate and compact  selections of electrodes that would make it possible to plug in artificial  limbs  and other “gadgets” to human and animal brains.

30 April 2019
Ultrathin and Ultrasmooth Gold Films on Monolayer MoS2
Dmitry I. Yakubovsky, et al.
Sub-10 nm continuous metal films are promising candidates for flexible and transparent nanophotonics and optoelectronic applications. In this article, it is demonstrated that monolayer MoS2 is a perspective adhesion layer for the deposition of continuous conductive gold films with a thickness of only 3–4 nm. Optical properties of continuous ultrathin gold films deposited on 2D MoS2 grown by chemical vapor deposition are investigated by spectroscopic ellipsometry over a wide wavelength range (300–3300 nm). Results show that optical losses in ultrathin films increase with decreasing thickness due to the fine-grained structure and the presence of a small number of voids, however, they exhibit metallic properties down to a thickness of 3–4 nm. The atomic-scale MoS2 interfaces can be transferred to any substrate and thus open up new opportunities for the creation of metasurfaces and a new type of van der Waals heterostructures with atomically thin metal layers.

CN109103072 -- A transfer method for large area monolayer and few-layer molybdenum disulfide film  
CN108190960 -- Method for preparing monolayer molybdenum disulfide based on electrolyte solvothermal lithium-intercalation stripping
CN108190959  -- Method for preparing monolayer molybdenum sulfide based on molten alkali metal liquid intercalation stripping
CN107299333 -- Preparation method of monolayer molybdenum disulfide thin film
CN106835073 -- Method for preparing monolayer molybdenum disulfide
CN106241878 -- Preparation method of 1T phase monolayer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheet
CN106159000 -- Method for preparing uniform monolayer molybdenum sulfide at centimeter scale

Puppy Love !!! It's The New Normal !!!


Illegal Alien Convicted of Raping Dog to Death Released by Sanctuary State

Got Cobalt Hexamine ? Got
Ebola Patents ? Got Ebola Therapies ? Got Ozone -- ROWEN: Ozone vs Ebola ?

Doctors fighting Ebola in the Congo are forced to wear disguises to avoid being SHOT by militiamen as the death toll of killer outbreak climbs to 1,161

Medics ditching their scrubs and lying about their jobs to avoid conflict in Congo ..  Militiamen believe Ebola is a conspiracy against them and are attacking workers ... Death toll 1,161 while infection count shot to 1,760 on Thursday, officials said...

Feel the Love !!!
Click to Enlarge

An Ape w/ an AK-47


SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORMS should advance FREEDOM OF SPEECH. Yet too many Americans have seen their accounts suspended, banned, or fraudulently reported for unclear “violations” of user policies. No matter your views, if you suspect political bias caused such an action to be taken against you, share your story with President Trump.

Be Not Afraid

Apr 17, 2019
Insect Apocalypse
DW Documentary

The world’s insect population has declined by three quarters in the last 30 years and many species have become extinct. And it's all man's fault. This documentary looks at the dramatic consequences of this hitherto unrecognized catastrophe.

The results of long-term monitoring published in 2017 have confirmed that as much as 75 percent of the world’s insect population has disappeared in the last 30 years. The extent of species extinction is so vast that many researchers fear that it will knock the entire natural cycle of life out of balance. Not only the decline of the bee population but mass insect mortality as a whole will have devastating consequences for all the Earth’s inhabitants. Top scientists from around the globe are warning that the developments are much more widespread and serious than anyone had realized. Many animals feed on insects. Insects also help to convert dead tissue into nutrient-rich soil. In addition, they even regulate each other. Species that humans see as pests are often the preferred prey of useful predators. But massive human intervention has thrown the functioning balance in the insect world out of whack. Chemical poisons, the progressive sealing of soils and the widespread use of fertilizers are affecting the world's most species-rich animal class. This documentary looks at current studies and explains what is going wrong and where urgent action is needed. There's still some hope: although many species have been irrevocably lost, mass extinction in the insect kingdom could still be stopped - but only if humans finally begin to act against it. And we're running out of time.

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2015 Jul-Sep;29(3):723-8.

Nisticò S, Ehrlich J, Gliozzi M, Maiuolo J, Del Duca E, Muscoli C, Mollace V.
Photoageing represents the addition of extrinsic chronic ultraviolet radiation-induced damage on intrinsic ageing and accounts for most age-associated changes in skin appearance. In this study, we evaluated the effect of 38% BPF, a highly concentrated extract of the bergamot fruit (Citrus bergamia) on UVB-induced photoageing by examining inflammatory cytokine expression, telomere length/telomerase alterations and cellular viability in human immortalized HaCaT keratinocytes. Our results suggest that 38% BPF protects HaCaT cells against UVB-induced oxidative stress and markers of photoageing in a dose-dependent manner and could be a useful supplement in skin care products. Together with antioxidant properties, BPF, a highly concentrated extract of the bergamot fruit, appears to modulate basic cellular signal transduction pathways leading to anti-proliferative, anti-aging and immune modulating responses.

Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, Volume 2018, Article ID 9395804, 14 pages
Antioxidant and Antisenescence Effects of Bergamot Juice
Eleonora Da Pozzo, et al.
Aging is one of the main risk factor for the onset of cardiovascular diseases; one of the possible explanations could be linked to the age-associated overproduction of free radicals. This increase of oxidative stress can be overcome with a high intake of food antioxidants. In this context, a number of studies have been addressed to assess the antiaging potential of natural antioxidant compounds. Recently, it has been shown that the juice of bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau), a fruit mostly produced in the Ionian coastal areas of Southern Italy (Calabria), is a valuable source of health-promoting constituents with, among other, antioxidant properties. In order to investigate the potential antiaging effects of this Mediterranean natural antioxidant source, bergamot juices of three different cultivars (“fantastico,” “femminello,” and “castagnaro”) were herein characterized by the mean of high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry. Then, juices were investigated for the evaluation of total polyphenolic and flavonoid contents, cell-free model antioxidant activities, and in vitro antiaging properties on two different cellular models of induced myocardial senescence. The best performing juice was also assessed in vivo. The phytochemical profiles confirmed that juices were rich in flavonoids, both flavone and flavanone glycosides. In addition, two limonoid glycosides were also identified in all cultivars. Each cultivar showed different phenolic and flavonoid contents. In tube results showed the juice robust antioxidant activities that correlate with their phenolic and flavonoid contents. Moreover, for the first time, the ability of juice to counteract the chemical-induced senescence was here demonstrated in both cellular models. Lastly, the in vivo data obtained from mouse hearts evidenced an increase in transcription of genes involved in antiaging and antioxidant responses. The overall results suggest that bergamot juice exerts antioxidant and antisenescence effects, making it useful for nutraceutical purposes....

Med Aromat Plants 5:230.
Effects of Essential Oils on Telomere Length in Human Cells
Zija International, Inc. 3300 Ashton Blvd, Lehi, UT 84043, USA
Essential oils are used for their reputed health benefits; reversal of inflammation, oxidative damage, and infection are some of the therapeutic effects that essential oils are believed to possess. In many cases, there is scientific evidence to back these claims. However, the purported anti-aging effects of essential oils are not yet supported by the literature. We set out to evaluate the effects of 31 oils on telomere length, believed to play a role in cellular senescence. Cells were subjected to oils in the presence or absence of hydrogen peroxide, and changes in telomere length were measured using a PCR-based assay. Two oils which showed telomere-protective effects were further characterized using a cytogenetic assay, staining for telomeres. Significant variability was seen among these oils with respect to their ability to induce an apparent increase or decrease in telomere length, and to protect against peroxideinduced telomere damage. Expression analysis showed that telomere-protective oils did not increase telomerase (hTERT) gene transcription, but reduced TERF-1, a suppressor of telomere length. Though this mechanism is not yet understood, these data provide a base upon which the community can build, and represent the first formal scientific foray into the study of essential oils on the telomere. Conclusion: Certain essential oils, including those from basil and rosemary, appear to have telomere-protective effects, mediated through a reduction of the TERF-1 telomere-suppressive protein...

It is of interest to note that some essential oils cause apparent increases in telomere length over those seen in untreated cells, when administered alone. In many cases, and especially following treatment with basil, clove or rosemary oils, the telomere-shortening effects of hydrogen peroxide are mitigated by EO treatment, leading to telomeres 60-80% of the size of those in untreated control cells. These data prompted us to verify the telomereprotecting effects of these oils in additional assays...

After evaluation of 31 commonly-used therapeutic essential oils, we have shown here that certain of these, including oils from basil (Ocimum basilicum) and rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis CT cineol are capable of increasing the apparent length of telomeres in cell culture, when administered at low (subtoxic) doses. This effect was demonstrated using a previously-described PCR-based telomere length assay, and verified by qualitative cytogenetic analysis. Gene expression analysis revealed that these oils did not cause a concomitant increase in the expression of hTERT, the gene coding for the catalytic subunit of the telomerase protein complex, but instead downregulated the TERF-1 telomere length suppressor. We conclude that essential oils may have potential use as a supplement to impact cellular senescence, once this mechanism has been fully elucidated....


Thymoquinone Interacts with DNA

Thymoquinone (TQ), a chemical constituent of Cumin and Thyme essential oils, has been shown to promote cellular health in many previous research studies. This specific property of TQ is attributed to its ability to inhibit telomerase activity. Biophysicists from the United Arab Emirates recently published a new study elucidating the mechanism of how TQ interacts with telomeres.3 They found that TQ molecules intercalate into G-quadruplex complexes, which are the 4-stranded helical DNA structures that form at the telomeres. TQ’s presence at the quadruplex prevents the DNA from being accessed by the telomerase enzyme, inhibiting the lengthening of telomeres by telomerase.3 The inhibitory activity of TQ on telomerase is exactly opposite of the activity of toxic pollutants like arsenic and benzene, which actually increase telomerase activity, resulting in longer telomeres in cultured cells.

In contrast with the circular chromosomes found in bacteria, human and animal chromosomes are linear. One simple fact of mitosis is that every round of cell division is accompanied by a loss of a few DNA bases from both ends of the chromosome.1 Telomeres are repeats of meaningless DNA sequences that are found on the ends of chromosomes.1 Telomeres prevent the loss of important genes, even after repeated cell division, because they surround the DNA in the coding regions of the genome. During repeated cell division, the telomeres are slowly eaten away rather than the coding regions of DNA. However, once the telomeres are gone, a cell will die due to loss of important genetic material found in the genomic DNA.
Telomerase is an enzyme that adds DNA repeats to the ends of the chromosomes, lengthening the telomeres. Telomerase activity is observed in stem cells and body cells during times of repeated cell division, like during embryogenesis and development. However, telomerase is generally deactivated in adult somatic cells, which should normally die after a few rounds of division. This might sound counterintuitive, but allowing old cells to die is actually beneficial because it makes it possible for newly differentiated cells to take their place. Thus, controlling telomerase activity is an important part of maintaining good health and quality of life while aging.
Thymoquinone (TQ), a chemical constituent of Cumin and Thyme essential oils, has been shown to promote cellular health in many previous research studies. This specific property of TQ is attributed to its ability to inhibit telomerase activity. Biophysicists from the United Arab Emirates recently published a new study elucidating the mechanism of how TQ interacts with telomeres.3 They found that TQ molecules intercalate into G-quadruplex complexes, which are the 4-stranded helical DNA structures that form at the telomeres. TQ’s presence at the quadruplex prevents the DNA from being accessed by the telomerase enzyme, inhibiting the lengthening of telomeres by telomerase.3 The inhibitory activity of TQ on telomerase is exactly opposite of the activity of toxic pollutants like arsenic and benzene, which actually increase telomerase activity, resulting in longer telomeres in cultured cells.4,5

This discovery explains the protective effects of TQ on body tissues. It also supports other data from experimental studies suggesting that Cumin and Thyme essential oils work to promote healthy cellular function.*


13 Habits Researchers Have Linked to a Long Life
By Alina Petre

1. Avoid Overeating... 2. Eat More Nuts ... 3. Try Out Turmeric ... 4. Eat Plant Foods ... 5. Stay Physically Active ...
6. Don’t Smoke ... 7. Moderate Your Drinking ... 8. Prioritize Your Happiness ...
9. Avoid Chronic Stress and Anxiety ... 10. Nurture Your Social Circle ...
11. Be More Conscientious ... 12. Drink Coffee or Tea ... 13. Develop a Good Sleeping Pattern ...

May 11, 2019
E. coli added as ingredient to Meningitis vaccine
by Dr. Eowyn

The Tariff Issue
Paul Craig Roberts

Wherever I look at US policy, foreign or domestic, I see only insanity, ignorance, and incompetence.

Take the issue of tariffs, which is Trump’s mistaken approach to bringing the jobs back home. The tariff “solution” overlooks that offshored US production counts as imports when US firms bring their goods into the US to be marketed.

The Chinese did not steal American jobs by selling below US cost.  The jobs were taken to China by US global corporations, along with the technology and business know-how, for the sole reason of maximizing US corporate profits.  Labor, made as productive as US labor by offshored US capital, technology, and business know-how, could be hired at much less cost in China and elsewhere in Asia due to the enormous excess supply of labor that overhangs Asian labor markets.  The enormous cost savings went directly into US corporate profits, capital gains for shareholders, and bonuses for executives.  Half and perhaps more of the “cheap goods” imported from China are the goods of American firms, such as Apple, Levi, Nike.  They are products of US firms that are made in China for sale in the US.  They are not “cheap Chinese goods.”  Do you think an iPhone is cheap or a MacBookPro is cheap?

The tariffs fall on American goods produced offshore by American firms for sale in America. For example, on May 13 the office of the US Trade Representative (USTR) released a list of “Chinese” products subject to a 25% ad valorem duty.  The list includes cell phones, footwear, textiles.  Do the cell phone imports from China exclude Apple’s iPhone? Do the footwear imports from China exclude Nike’s shoes? Do the textiles exclude Levis?  I have not seen any information that Trump’s tariffs are only for Chinese owned exports to US markets.

 The tariffs will reduce the profits of American overseas production exported to the US and raise prices to US consumers, who have already lost the incomes from the manufacturing jobs that American companies moved abroad. 

In other words, tariffs are not a solution....

David Hatcher Childress

Food of the Gods: The Search for the Original Tree of Knowledge A Radical History of Plants, Drugs, and Human Evolution
Terence McKenna


Terence McKenna ~ Alchemy & The Hermetic Corpus ~ May 1991 ~ Workshop


Global Research, March 21, 2019

Fukushima: “An Ongoing Global Radiological Catastrophe”. “A Huge Coverup”. Dr. Helen Caldicott
Transcript of 8th anniversary interview with Dr. Helen Caldicott


Corey Goode vs the Public

This thread is to provide a summary of links to make it easier for people to find the enormous amount of data that debunks Corey Goode.


WW3, Iran, & the Two Moshiachs w/ Christopher Jon Bjerknes

Zohar I, Va'era 32a -- Israel vs Iran ( Hidden Mahdi )

Masaru Emoto Water Experiment - Water Consciousness

It often happens here too, even offline ( do not use cloud computing. turn off wifi when not online. wear a rubber hat & g-string vs microwaves. live in a cave. ) :


Microsoft Is Entering Journalists Personal Computers In An Attempt to Censor Their Investigations
by Dave Hodges

Pre Mud Floods? Pre 1850's...California Was An Island !

California As An Island: Map or Myth?

Irving Finkel -- The Ark Before Noah: A Great Adventure
Oriental Institute

Irving Finkel, Assistant Keeper I with responsibility for cuneiform in the Department of the Middle East, British Museum. This talk, illustrated by a PowerPoint, will describe what befell the speaker after one quite remarkable cuneiform tablet was brought for examination to the British Museum in London. The inscription on this four-thousand-year-old tablet led to a series of altogether unexpected discoveries, demanding a whole new look at Noah and his Ark, and culminating in a book and a documentary film.

All News Pipeline
Globalists Going For The Kill Shot
By Stefan Stanford

Surprising articulance :

May 8, 2019
Jordan & Gaetz Shut Down Nadler - Four Stages of Mueller Derangement Syndrome

Better Than Bleach! Kill Mold/Yeast in Your Body in 3 Simple Phases.

Dr. Darren Schmidt -- I go over six of my favorite products I use. The first three kill fungus in different locations in the body. The fourth cleans dead fungus out of the body. The last two are probiotics..

YouTube's Daddy :


Jordan Peterson Calls Out The "Pseudo-moralistic Stances" Of Activists

Jordan Peterson - WARNING FOR AMERICA!

29 Power Plants (Almost) EVERYONE Should Grow

Pete of Green Dreams Florida shows off 29 extremely powerful plants that are easy to grow and highly beneficial.


Carbon 60 - "Solvent Free"

Aloha Everyone - sharing my research into residual solvents found in commercially available C60 (powder) on the market and what the implications are. Apologize that it got a bit long; there are numerous considerations that I felt were worth discussing.

About Rex Research :

Rex Research Institute

Rex Research Institute is a fictional organization in Counter-Strike Online.

The Rex Research Institute is an organization of doctors and scientists who were creating various types of medicine in an attempt to prolong life. Gradually, they changed their objective into trying to find a way to make humans immortal. Due to their continuous experiments on living things, their plans backfired and had instead created a dangerous virus, dubbed the Rex Virus. This caused humans to turn into the undead, the zombies. The zombies managed to escape from the lab, during Chaos chapter, and started infecting the others. This was also the place where Jennifer was captured and kept alive as a human experimental subject...

Human ebola virus species and compositions and methods thereof
Inventor : Jonathan S. Towner, et al.
Current Assignee : Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (Department of Health and Human Services)
Compositions and methods including and related to the Ebola Bundibugyo virus (EboBun) are provided. Compositions are provided that are operable as immunogens to elicit and immune response or protection from EboBun challenge in a subject such as a primate. Inventive methods are directed to detection and treatment of EboBun infection.

» Cobalt Hexamine vs Ebola ~ US Navy-sponsored R&D -- articles & 2 US Patent Applications... Several methods of preparation ...

As not seen on tv :

Shawna Cox cell phone video from inside LaVoy Finicum's truck

This video zooms in on the cell phone video Shawna Cox recorded from within LaVoy Finicum’s truck. It was shown at a Deschutes County Sheriff’s Office press conference March 8, 2016 in Bend, Ore.

China Develops Groundbreaking Heat-Resistant Material For Hypersonic Weapon
by Tyler Durden

At Mach 5 (3,836 mph), a hypersonic vehicle enters a dense atmospheric layer, the ambient gas undergoes not only density change, but also a significant temperature increase. This physical-chemical reaction is associated with the flight speed is converted into heat and chemical energy, which is a considerable heat barrier that had researchers around the world scrambling for new materials that could withstand temperatures far higher than the melting point of metal.

It seems that researchers in central China, studying hypersonic heat transfer, a subdivision of aerodynamics that studies gas motion laws, have developed a non-carbon-based heat-resistance material for hypersonic flight, according to the Global Times.

The lead scientist, Fan Jinglian from Central South University in Central China's Hunan Province, developed a composite of ceramics and refractory metals that can endure hypersonic flight at Mach 5-20 within the atmosphere for several hours, or temperatures of about 5,400 Fahrenheit.

Jinglian said the composite of ceramics and refractory metals makes the new material far more superior to Western technologies that use "traditional refractory metals and carbon-carbon materials."

She said the composite is like concrete cobble.

    "Think of the ceramics as the cobblestones, or the pellets, and the refractory metals are like the concrete. In high temperatures, the ceramics will act as pellets that pin the refractory metals, so they will not soften and deform."

As a result, the material has a melting point higher than metal, but also important characteristics such as low density and high malleability, according to the Hunan Television report...

China develops unique heat-resistant material for hypersonic aircraft
By Liu Xuanzun

Chinese composite can withstand over 3,000 C for extended periods

Chinese scientists have developed a new heat-resistant material for hypersonic aircraft which can endure over 3,000 C from friction caused by a Mach 5-20 flight within the atmosphere.

The lead scientist on the project said the material outperforms all similar foreign-made ones with its high melting point, low density and high malleability.

The new material enables a hypersonic aircraft to fly at Mach 5-20 within the atmosphere for several hours, as the high heat resulting from the friction between the aircraft and the air reaches between 2,000 C to 3,000 C, a temperature normal metal would not be able to endure. 

Normal metals melt at around 1,500 C, but this new material can bear over 3,000 C for an extended period, state-owned Hunan Television reported recently.

Unlike foreign technologies that use traditional refractory metals and carbon-carbon materials, the China-made new material is a composite of ceramics and refractory metals, Fan Jinglian, the lead scientist who developed the material and a professor at Central South University in Central China's Hunan Province, told the Global Times.

The combination of ceramics and refractory metals makes the material far more efficient than foreign-made ones, and this technology is world-leading, Fan said.

In a simple analogy, Fan likened her composite to concrete cobble. "Think of the ceramics as the cobblestones, or the pellets, and the refractory metals are like the concrete. In high temperatures, the ceramics will act as pellets that pin the refractory metals, so they will not soften and deform."

As a result, the material not only has a high melting point, but also valuable characteristics such as low density and high malleability, according to the Hunan Television report.

China launched a major hypersonic aircraft project in 2009, and most Chinese scientists considered using carbon-carbon materials instead of metals back then.

Fan was questioned for her proposal to use such a material, but she insisted on making a sample, which came into being in 2012 and showed great potential.

As of March, the material has been used for products in a variety of fields including aviation, space exploration, shipbuilding and national defense, Hunan Television reported.

Hypersonic aircraft is not the only area in which materials made of ceramics and refractory metals can shine, Fan said. Any field that involves extreme high temperature, such as engines, space rockets and nuclear reactors, will have a great demand for the material, Fan noted.

China launched the Xingkong-2 waverider hypersonic flight vehicle via a rocket in a target range located in Northwest China in August 2018.

On Tuesday, East China's Xiamen University launched the Jiageng-1 hypersonic aircraft with a double-waverider design.

The test was part of the university's project to try to quintuple the current speed of civil aircraft to achieve global direct access within two hours, the Xinhua News Agency reported on Tuesday.

It is unknown whether Fan's material was used in these two cases.

Select Patents by Fan:
CN106825583 -- Tungsten and low-activation stainless steel nano-gradient composite connection method
CN104451226 -- Preparation method of micro-nano composite fine-grain tungsten material
CN103924144 -- Preparation method of unbonded-phase ultrafine WC hard alloy   
CN101805867 -- Si3N4-based metal ceramic and preparation method thereof
CN101318223 -- Method for manufacturing heavy pressure blank strength tungsten powder with ammonium metatungstate and ammonium paratungstate

Power Law...

Giant earthquakes and extreme wealth may not appear to have much in common, but the frequency with which the "Big One" will hit San Francisco and how often someone will earn as much money as Bill Gates can both be predicted with a statistical measurement called a "power law exponent."

For the last century, researchers have used what's called a power law to predict certain kinds of events, including how frequently earthquakes at certain points on the Richter scale will occur.

But a University of Michigan researcher noticed that this power law does not fit all circumstances....

    "There's some middle ground between a continuous power law and the discrete power law," Newberry said.

    "In the discrete power law, everything is laid out in perfectly rigid proportions from the highest scale to the infinitesimally small. In the continuous power law, everything is perfectly randomly laid out.

    Almost everything self-similar in reality is a mix of these two."

Newberry's study (Self-Similar Processes Follow a Power Law in Discrete Logarithmic Space) is published in the journal Physical Review Letters:


Cold Fire You Can Touch - DIY Cold Plasma Torch

Plasma is the 4th state of matter and it comes in many flavors. You probably know it from it's greatest hits, fire and lightning, but there is a lot more to plasma than most people are aware of. Cold plasma is my personal favorite as it has the same beautiful glow that all plasma have, but it's no warmer than room temp and feels cold to the touch. In this video we go through my year long journey to harness this weird state of matter into a torch that can be used for future experiments and in the lab.

World Age Cycles, Global Upheaval & Conjunctions
The Special Conjunction pattern that would appear to be responsible for triggering the massive global upheaval circa 10900 BC, and also the destruction of Atlantis circa 9600 BC.


Moringa Electroculture: Accelerating Superfood Growth in a DC field?

Joel Sternheimer : Plant Protein-Stimulating Music

28 May 1994
Good vibrations give plants excitations

Eccentric gardeners who sing to their plants may not be altogether mad, says Joel Sternheimer, a French physicist and musician. Sternheimer writes melodies that allegedly help plants grow, and has recently applied for an international patent covering his method of music making. The tunes are not random melodies: he chooses each note to correspond to an amino acid in a protein, and the full tune corresponds to an entire protein. Sternheimer claims that when plants ‘hear’ the appropriate tune, they produce more of that protein. He also writes tunes that inhibit the synthesis of proteins.

He claims to be able, using simple physics, to translate into audible vibrations of music the quantum vibrations that occur at the molecular level as a protein is being assembled from its constituent amino acids. ‘Each musical note is a multiple of original frequencies that occur when amino acids join the protein chain,’ explains Sternheimer.

Playing the tune stimulates synthesis of its protein. ‘The length of a note corresponds to the real time it takes for each amino acid to come after the next,’ says Sternheimer, who studied quantum physics and mathematics at Princeton University in New Jersey.

His patent includes melodies for cytochrome oxidase and cytochrome C, two proteins involved in respiration, troponin C, which regulates calcium uptake in muscles, and the tune for inhibiting chalcone synthase, an enzyme involved in making plant pigments.

Sternheimer claims that in experiments, tomatoes exposed to his tunes grew two-and-a-half times as big as controls. Some were sweeter as well, he says. The tunes played included those for three tomato growth promoters, cytochrome C, and for thaumatin, a flavouring compound. ‘Six molecules were being played to the tomatoes for a total of three minutes a day,’ he says.

He also claims to have stopped an infection of the tomatoes with a mosaic virus by playing tunes that inhibited enzymes vital to the virus.

The tunes are very short, he says, and need only be played once. The one for cytochrome C, for example, lasts just 29 seconds. ‘On average, you get four amino acids played per second,’ he says.

Sternheimer warns scoffers to be careful tinkering with the tunes because they can affect people as well. ‘Don’t ask a musician to play them,’ he says. ‘You must be very careful.’ Sternheimer says that one of his musicians had difficulty breathing after playing the tune for cytochrome C too often.

Sternheimer says that support for his methods is spreading ‘by word of mouth’. One admirer, he says, is a leading Swiss industrialist who paid
for the patent to be filed. The patent covers applications in agriculture, health care and the textiles

MP3s of protein/amino acids

Electroculture bee hive protection save the bees naturally 15 octobre 2018

L'électroculture pour des récoltes exceptionnelles    


Magnetic Effect on Plants
Ching Jen Chen

Experiments show that strong magnets have effect in plant and bean growth. 1.5 Tesla magnet is used to stimulate the germination of seed  and growth of the roots.


Electro-horticulture is safe, organic, effective and in tune with Nature.

Increases Germination Rate
We have shown that the use of the Harvest Storm system is capable causing seed germination weeks ahead of schedule compared to control groups.

Growth Acceleration
In addition to accelerating time to germination, our technology increases growth rate throughout the entire growth cycle.  What this means is earlier harvests, which can equate to higher market prices, faster crop turnaround, or beating an early frost.

Higher Yields
Experience vastly increased yields by weight, plus an increase in biomass in general: stem height, leaf size, root mass, etc.

Improved Disease Resistance
Electro-horticulture is capable of preventing and curing a wide range of agricultural diseases from powdery mildew, to rusts, and so on. It also helps with pest management by stimulating a given plants natural defense mechanisms.

Greater Nutrient Density
Along with electrically-enhanced growth enhancement comes a faster metabolism and a massive increase in nutrient uptake.  The result: nutrient-dense crops with flavor profiles out-of-this-world!

Improved Drought & Frost Resistance
An interesting side effect of electroculture is that in some crops it can actually enhance drought & frost resistance.  For outdoor growers, this means greater outputs at less risk.

 Electricity to induce plant growth
S.Brammasastri, et al.

THIN GLASS slabs (12x15 cm) were glued together and provisions were made for electrical connections. Platinum wires were made to run beneath the tank between the glass slabs. The circuit was completed by adding water to the tank.

It is a new method of pretreatment of legume seeds. The legumes such as green gram and pea seeds were selected for the experiment due to its fast growth and also its economic value. About 100 seeds were presoaked in water for 24 hours to soften the cells. They were then placed in the tank containing water. The cathode and anode were then connected. 240V alternate current was converted to 27V direct current and the final treatment was 10m Amp current for 1 hour.

The seeds were then removed and tested for germination in soil. A control of non-treated seeds was placed simultaneously. The results found were interesting. Electrically treated seeds showed 100 per cent germination where as in control 95 per cent was observed. Further the amount of growth was 3 times as much as the control was. When tested for disease resistance, the treated seeds showed higher resistance. In treated seeds maximum root (5 cm) and shoot length (9 cm) was observed than in control room (2 cm) and shoot (2 cm) after 10 days of germination.


Electrostatic Energy Electro-Horticulture Reginald Fessenden Excelling Plant Growth with Electricity
José da Vede
This a short video about Reginald Fessenden and his patent on agriculture engineering. Fessenden and other scientists explored the possibilities of using electrostatic energy to excel plant growth. This video discusses the patents of Reginald Fessenden and Kenneth Golden.

Reginald Fessenden Patent - https://www.google.com/patents/US1268949
Kenneth Golden Patent - https://www.google.com/patents/US1952588


Effects of various electrical fields on seed germination
Fredrick Warner Wheaton



Feel Our Divine Love or we'll Kill you, you brainwashed kafir -- and cliterect your womenfolk before we enslave them...

Shocking video of children in Philadelphia Muslim Society: 'We will chop off their heads' for Allah

Roger Scruton on Christianity v Islam

Comments:  Our tolerance of intolerant culture's, is getting us killed? ... Islam is not good for muslims, let alone anybody else ... At some point tolerance becomes tyranny...? Tolerance of evil is not to be tolerated ...  ?

Got Islam ?

The Official Mad Cow Disease Home Page.

Terence McKenna's True Hallucinations (Full Movie) HD

Terence McKenna ~ Alchemy & The Hermetic Corpus ~ May 1991 ~ Workshop

Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz (Witkacy) on Taking Peyote

Long before Carlos Castaneda and Aldous Huxley there was … Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz (Witkacy)... vant-garde playwright, novelist, dramatist, painter, philosopher and psychedelic pioneer from Poland (who in 1928 wrote one of the first literary descriptions of Peyote trip)...

Nicotine, Alcohol, Cocaine, Peyote, Morphine, Ether + Appendices
by Stanislaw I. Witkiewicz (Witkacy)

Live Earthquake Mashup

Satellite Tracker

Celestial Observer

Sky Map

Live Plane Flight Tracking

Julian Assange

If We Don't Stop Them... Mark Dice

Those Who Care Enough to Defend Assange from the Orchestrated Smears Can Use This Resource:



Join the fight for truth and justice or there will be none for you either.

Here is a website focused on protecting Assange from the Anglo-American Gestapo:


Arrest Aside :

Reasons not to take the Julian Assange story at face value

FTR #724 Wiki of the Damned

Wikileaks & Assange - Hero or Dis-Info Agent? (Part 1)

Nettle, Histamine & Hair Loss

5G - Weaponizing the Airwaves
thecrowhouse / Max Igan - Surviving the Matrix - Episode 374 - American Voice Radio, May 3, 2019

Real News Sites ( rexresearch not included ):

An index of unreliable news websites

Our Battle Of Britain
Pat Condell


Avoid Surveillance With Helm, a Home Server Anyone Can Use to Keep Emails Truly Private
Micah Lee

...With the release of Helm, that [ private server hassles ] has changed. Helm is a triangle-shaped personal server that can host email (on your own custom domain name), contacts, calendar, and a file server, and is about as easy to set up as a new smartphone. For being basically a sophisticated product for hosting your most private data — where there are many opportunities to screw up — Helm’s technical choices and business model are surprisingly well-thought-out. All you need is internet access at your home and an iPhone or Android phone to configure it.

The biggest hurdle prospective users will face, I suspect, is the price: You have to drop $500 to buy Helm to get started, and then pay a $100 per year subscription to continue using its cloud gateway and encrypted backup components...


August Dunning : Ocean Mineral Agriculture


Dr. Mercola and August Dunning Talk About Ocean Minerals

How to Bring Minerals Back Into the Soil and Food Supply

100% Reliable Climate Predictions

World In Midst of Carbon Drought (w/ Prof. William Happer, Princeton University)
Conversations That Matter, with Stuart McNish

We’re in a carbon drought. That is according to Professor William Happer of Princeton University. The renowned physicist says when it comes to carbon dioxide, there’s more good than bad. He goes on to say most of carbon dioxide’s effect has already happened. He points to the logarithmic dependence of temperature on carbon dioxide levels.

Happer says the unique properties of carbon dioxide mean that current levels would need to double for another one-degree increase in temperature and they’d have to double again for another one degree rise.


 Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has expressed horror at the news that 1,000 penis amputations take place in the South American country each year, slamming the shocking stat as “ridiculous and sad.”

Bolsonaro told reporters in Brasilia on Thursday the amputations are carried out “due to a lack of water and soap,” and that the government has to work with men to make them know the dangers of bad hygiene practices.

“When you get to a point like that, you see that we're really at the bottom of the pit,” the 64-year-old president said, Globo reports.


Bolsonaro faz alerta sobre risco de homens terem pênis amputado por falta de higiene


Accidental discoveries: Scientists create a new wonder material that could revolutionise batteries and electronics
by Mitch Watts

Phosphorene nanoribbons
Some of the most famous scientific discoveries happened by accident. From Teflon and the microwave oven to penicillin, scientists trying to solve a problem sometimes find unexpected things. This is exactly how we created phosphorene nanoribbons - a material made from one of the universe's basic building blocks, but that has the potential to revolutionise a wide range of technologies.

We'd been trying to separate layers of phosphorus crystals into two-dimensional sheets. Instead, our technique created tiny, tagliatelle-like ribbons one single atom thick and only 100 or so atoms across, but up to 100,000 atoms long. We spent three years honing the production process, before announcing our findings.

The two-dimensional ribbons have a number of remarkable properties. Their width to length ratio is similar to the cables that span the Golden Gate Bridge. Their incredibly uniform but manipulable width allows their properties, such as whether and how they conduct electricity, to be fine-tuned. They are also incredibly flexible, which means that they can follow the contours of any surfaces they're put on perfectly, and even be twisted.

Transformative potential
More than 100 scientific papers predicted the transformative potential of these nanoribbons, should it be possible to create them, across a range of technologies - some as many as five years prior to the publishing of our discovery in Nature.

Perhaps the most important of these is in the area of battery technology. The corrugated structure of phosphorene nanoribbons means that the charged ions that power batteries could soon move up to 1000 times faster than currently possible. This would mean a significant decrease in charging time, alongside an increase in capacity of approximately 50%. Such performance gains would provide massive boosts to the electric car and aircraft industries, and allow us to much better harness renewable energy to eliminate reliance on fossil fuels even on grey, calm days.

It also means that in future, batteries could use sodium ions instead of lithium ions. Known lithium reserves may not be able to meet huge projected increases in battery demand, and extraction of the metal can be environmentally harmful. Sodium, by contrast, is abundant and cheap.

The field of electronics may also be thankful for nanoribbons. Moore's law observes that computer processing power doubles every two years, but this rate is in danger of slowing down as the physical limits of materials are being fast approached. Using '2D' materials like ours could redefine these limits, allowing us to make ever-smaller and faster devices.

The ribbons could solve another major roadblock in this area - how to electrically connect nanomaterials without creating large resistance (and therefore energy loss) at the joins. Several-layer thick versions of phosphorene nanoribbons can be seamlessly split into ribbons with different heights and electrical properties, circumventing the usual engineering requirements of connections. Thanks to this, high-efficiency solar cells could now be much closer to entering into reality.

The phosphorene nanoribbons' flexibility and thermoelectric properties mean that they could also be embedded in wearable fabrics, and used to convert waste heat into useful electricity. For example, we could soon see thermoelectric t-shirts that function as heart and blood sugar level monitors, all powered by body heat alone.

The technology could unlock the potential of hydrogen as an efficient and low-carbon fuel. The gas is abundantly available in water and only produces oxygen as a byproduct when extracted. However, finding a way to do this cheaply has thus far eluded scientists. Water molecules can be split through a process called photocatalysis, but the method requires a material that absorbs lots of light, and whose energy properties match up well with water. Nanoribbons are predicted to have exactly these qualities, as well as a high surface area that would maximise contact with water, making it a promising candidate to crack the hydrogen-production conundrum.

Encouragingly, phosphorene nanoribbons have already navigated major obstacles on the route to commercialisation. Finding a scalable production method like ours takes years for most new materials, and some never see the light of day. Added to this, phosphorus is a relatively abundant and easily extracted material in the Earth's crust. And since our ribbons are already formed in liquids, inks or paints can easily be produced to manipulate them at scale using low-cost methods such as spray-coating or ink-jet printing.

Producing these ribbons is however just the first step towards revolutionising the above technologies. Much research now needs to be carried out to test theoretical predictions, and investigate the extent to which the properties of the ribbons can be tailored for specific applications. As the 20-year plus journeys of Teflon, lithium batteries, and Velcro show us, the road from discovery to use can be long. But with society increasingly moving away from fossil fuels, we expect that road to soon be well-travelled.

Nature, volume 568, pages 216–220 (2019)
Production of phosphorene nanoribbons
Mitchell C. Watts, Loren Picco, Freddie S. Russell-Pavier, Patrick L. Cullen, Thomas S. Miller, Szymon P. Bartus, Oliver D. Payton, Neal T. Skipper, Vasiliki Tileli & Christopher A. Howard


Phosphorene is a mono-elemental, two-dimensional (2D) substance with outstanding, highly directional properties and a bandgap that depends on the number of layers of the material. Nanoribbons, meanwhile, combine the flexibility and unidirectional properties of one-dimensional nanomaterials, the high surface area of 2D nanomaterials and the electron-confinement and edge effects of both. The structures of nanoribbons can thus lead to exceptional control over electronic band structure, the emergence of novel phenomena and unique architectures for applications. Phosphorene’s intrinsically anisotropic structure has motivated numerous theoretical calculations of phosphorene nanoribbons (PNRs), predicting extraordinary properties. So far, however, discrete PNRs have not been produced. Here we present a method for creating quantities of high-quality, individual PNRs by ionic scissoring of macroscopic black phosphorus crystals. This top–down process results in stable liquid dispersions of PNRs with typical widths of 4–50 nm, predominantly single-layer thickness, measured lengths of up to 75 µm and aspect ratios of up to 1,000. The nanoribbons are atomically flat single crystals, aligned exclusively in the zigzag crystallographic orientation. The ribbons have remarkably uniform widths along their entire lengths, and are extremely flexible. These properties—together with the ease of downstream manipulation via liquid-phase methods—should enable the search for predicted exotic states=, and an array of applications in which PNRs have been predicted to offer transformative advantages. These applications range from thermoelectric devices to high-capacity fast-charging batteries and integrated high-speed electronic circuits.

Related Patents:

US2019103496 -- 2-D Material Transistor with Vertical Structure
CN108394879 -- Black phosphorene as well as preparation method
CN108069409 -- Black phosphorene aerogel and preparation method thereof

Sandy Hook Red Suppository :

Sandy Hook: The curious case of Danbury Hospital’s premature Facebook message, 48 mins. before police received 911 call

Sandy Hook hoax: 6 signs that school was closed before massacre

Wolfgang Halbig - Sandy Hook Trial

“The Court has taken its task to be the constitutionalization of a totally immoral, rapacious, economic system instead of the promotion of justice, domestic tranquility, the general welfare, and the blessings of liberty.” -- Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes

At Least 40 Members of White Helmets Admit Staging Syria Chemical Attacks


Researchers develop new variant of Maxwell's demon at nanoscale
by University of Barcelona

Maxwell's demon is a machine proposed by James Clerk Maxwell in 1867. The hypothetical machine would use thermal fluctuations to obtain energy, apparently violating the second principle of thermodynamics. Now, researchers at the University of Barcelona have presented the first theoretical and experimental solution of a continuous version of Maxwell's demon in a single molecule system. The results, published in the journal Nature Physics, have applications in other fields, such as biological and quantum systems.

"Despite its simplicity and the large amount of work in the field, this new variant of the classical Maxwell demon has remained unexplored until now," notes Fèlix Ritort, professor from the Department of Fundamental Physics of the UB. "In this study, we introduced a system able to extract large amounts of work arbitrarily per cycle through repeated measurements of the state of a system."

Finding the favourable moment
Waiting for such a propitious occasion to get benefits is the same behavioural pattern of a speculator waiting for the right moment in stock exchange, or a predator waiting for a prey to come near. "From a thermodynamics point of view, that certain intuitive aspect in trying to look for the right moment is what takes more energy. The answer is whether it is possible to get the same energy from the propitious moment than the inverted one in the searching process, i.e. through a thermodynamically reversible process," notes Marco Ribezzi, researcher at the UB and the School of Industrial Physics and Chemistry (ESPCI Paris/CNRS).

"Our experiments demonstrate it is possible to find the right moment, and not very common at the same time, and to use it in a reversible way. These results show the underlying thermodynamic structure to a general problem that can find many applications, for instance, in the field of biology," notes Ribezzi.

According to the researchers, the new version of Maxwell's demon could have consequences in self-organization and selection processes that occur during biological evolution. For instance, this device could be relevant in the regulation of biological networks in generation, transmission and transduction of signals through cell membranes.

The experimental testing has been conducted in a system of optical tweezers, which enables the manipulation of a molecule each time, in this case a DNA molecule. With the right force on this structure, it is possible to unfold it, but if the force is small enough, the unfolded state becomes rare, so it finds the precise moment it was looking for. When the molecule is in a rare state, it has more energy and it is possible to use it. "The rarer the episode, the harder for us to find it, but the more energy we can get from it," notes Ribezzi.

"The astonishing complexity of the living matter could be seen as the result, over several evolutionary timescales, of a big process of energy extraction in proper environments to store big amounts of information that are hidden by noise and randomness," concludes Ritort, also member of the Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine Networking Biomedical Research Centre (CIBER-BBN).

Speech Synthesis




Scientists Build a Machine to Generate Quantum Superposition of Possible Futures
by Gu Mile

Unlike classical particles, quantum particles can travel in abquantum superposition of different directions.

Mile Gu, together with researchers from Griffith harnessed this phenomena to design quantum devices that can generate a quantum superposition of all possible futures.

In the 2018 movie 'Avengers - Infinity War,' a scene featured Dr. Strange looking into 14 million possible futures to search for a single timeline in which the heroes would be victorious.

Perhaps he would have had an easier time with help from a quantum computer.

A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition.

    "When we think about the future, we are confronted by a vast array of possibilities," explains Assistant Professor Mile Gu of NTU Singapore, who led development of the quantum algorithm that underpins the prototype.

    "These possibilities grow exponentially as we go deeper into the future.

    For instance, even if we have only two possibilities to choose from each minute, in less than half an hour there are 14 million possible futures.

    In less than a day, the number exceeds the number of atoms in the universe."

What he and his research group realized, however, was that a quantum computer can examine all possible futures by placing them in a quantum superposition - similar to Schrödinger's famous cat, which is simultaneously alive and dead.

To realize this scheme, they joined forces with the experimental group led by Professor Geoff Pryde at Griffith University.

Together, the team implemented a specially devised photonic quantum information processor in which the potential future outcomes of a decision process are represented by the locations of photons - quantum particles of light.

They then demonstrated that the state of the quantum device was a superposition of multiple potential futures, weighted by their probability of occurrence.

    "The functioning of this device is inspired by the Nobel Laureate Richard Feynman," says Dr. Jayne Thompson, a member of the Singapore team.

    "When Feynman started studying quantum physics, he realized that when a particle travels from point A to point B, it does not necessarily follow a single path. Instead, it simultaneously transverses all possible paths connecting the points.
    Our work extends this phenomenon and harnesses it for modeling statistical futures."

The machine has already demonstrated one application - measuring how much our bias towards a specific choice in the present impacts the future.

    "Our approach is to synthesize a quantum superposition of all possible futures for each bias." explains Farzad Ghafari, a member of the experimental team.
    "By interfering these superpositions with each other, we can completely avoid looking at each possible future individually.
    In fact, many current artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms learn by seeing how small changes in their behavior can lead to different future outcomes, so our techniques may enable quantum enhanced AIs to learn the effect of their actions much more efficiently."

The team notes while their present prototype simulates at most 16 futures simultaneously, the underlying quantum algorithm can in principle scale without bound.

    "This is what makes the field so exciting," says Pryde.
    "It is very much reminiscent of classical computers in the 1960s. Just as few could imagine the many uses of classical computers in the 1960s, we are still very much in the dark about what quantum computers can do.
    Each discovery of a new application provides further impetus for their technological development."

The work (Interfering Trajectories in Experimental Quantum-Enhanced Stochastic Simulation) is featured in a forthcoming paper in the journal Nature Communications.

Interfering trajectories in experimentalquantum-enhanced stochastic simulation
Farzad Ghafari, et al.

“Mass Sterilization”: Kenyan Doctors Find Anti-fertility Agent in UN Tetanus Vaccine

According to LifeSiteNews, a Catholic publication, the Kenya Catholic Doctors Association is charging UNICEF and WHO with sterilizing millions of girls and women under cover of an anti-tetanus vaccination program sponsored by the Kenyan government.

The Kenyan government denies there is anything wrong with the vaccine, and says it is perfectly safe.

The Kenya Catholic Doctors Association, however, saw evidence to the contrary, and had six different samples of the tetanus vaccine from various locations around Kenya sent to an independent laboratory in South Africa for testing.

The results confirmed their worst fears: all six samples tested positive for the HCG antigen.

The HCG antigen is used in anti-fertility vaccines, but was found present in tetanus vaccines targeted to young girls and women of childbearing age. Dr. Ngare, spokesman for the Kenya Catholic Doctors Association, stated in a bulletin released November 4:

“This proved right our worst fears; that this WHO campaign is not about eradicating neonatal tetanus but a well-coordinated forceful population control mass sterilization exercise using a proven fertility regulating vaccine. This evidence was presented to the Ministry of Health before the third round of immunization but was ignored.”

Howard Kunstler nails it again:

Clusterfuck Nation
Tom Petty was Right
by Howard Kunstler

How to account for Americans being the most anxious, fearful, and stressed-out people among the supposedly advanced nations? Do we not live in the world’s greatest democratic utopia where dreams come true?

What if the dreaming part is actually driving us insane? What if we have engineered a society in which fantasy has so grotesquely over-run reality that coping with daily life is nearly impossible. What if an existence mediated by pixel screens large and small presents a virtual world more compelling than the real world and turns out to be a kind of contagious avoidance behavior — until reality is so fugitive that we can barely discern its colors and outlines beyond the screens?

You end up in a virtual world of advertising and agit-prop where manipulation is the primary driver of human activity. That is, a world where the idea of personal liberty (including any act of free thought) becomes a philosophical sick joke, whether you believe in the possibility of free will or not. You get a land full of college kids trained to think that coercion of others is the highest-and-best use of their time on earth — and that it represents “inclusion.” You get a news industry that makes its own reality, churning out narratives (i.e. constructed psychodramas) to excite numbed minds. You get politics that play out like a Deputy Dawg cartoon. You get a corporate tyranny of racketeering that herds spellbound citizens like so many sheep into chutes for shearing, not only of their money, but their autonomy, dignity, and finally their will to live.

Can a people recover from such an excursion into unreality? The USA’s sojourn into an alternative universe of the mind accelerated sharply after Wall Street nearly detonated the global financial system in 2008. That debacle was only one manifestation of an array of accumulating threats to the postmodern order, including the burdens of empire, onerous global debt, population overshoot, fracturing globalism, worries about energy, disruptive technologies, ecological havoc, and the specter of climate change — things that hurt to think about.

The sense of gathering crisis persists. It is systemic and existential. It calls into question our ability to carry on “normal” life much farther into this century, and all the anxiety that attends it is so hard for the public to process that a dismaying number of citizens opt for suicide. There is no coherent consensus about what is happening and no coherent proposals to do anything about it. Bad ideas flourish in this nutrient medium of unresolved crisis. Lately, they dominate the scene on every side.

A species of wishful thinking that resembles a primitive cargo cult grips the technocratic class, awaiting magical rescue remedies to extend the regime of Happy Motoring, consumerism, and suburbia that make up the crumbling armature of “normal” life in the USA. The political Right seeks to Make America Great Again, as though we might return to a 1962 heyday of industrial mass production by wishing hard enough. The Left seeks the equivalent of an extended childhood for all, lived out in a universal safe space, where all goods and services come magically free from a kindly parent-like government, and the sunny days are spent training unicorns to find rainbows.

The decade-long “recovery” from the Great Financial Crisis of 2008 amounted to ten years of fake-it-til-you-make-it — with the prospect nil of actually making it to something like economic and cultural soundness. Are we too far gone now? Some kind of shock therapy is surely in the offing, and probably in the form of a violent financial readjustment that will alter the terms of getting and spending so drastically as to topple the matrix of rackets that masquerades as the nation’s business.

That financial shock has been coiling and coiling in the fantasyland that banking has become in the new zero interest rate regime where notions that pretend to be money get levered into new ways of destroying life on earth and the human project with it. At some cognitive level the people of this land sense what is coming and the wait for it is driving them crazy. Tom Petty was right: the waiting is the hardest part, and a hard way to learn that a virtual life is not an adequate substitute for an authentic one.

We've opened a Cyborg Medical Lab on Mars, and You are invited !



Canadian Court: Father Found Guilty of Family Violence for Calling Daughter a Girl

How to Purify Water With Graphene

Non-thermal plasma: new technology could kill 99.9% of the deadly germs in the air

Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume 52, Number 25
Inactivation of airborne viruses using a packed bed non-thermal plasma reactor
T Xia, et al.
Outbreaks of airborne infectious diseases such as measles or severe acute respiratory syndrome can cause significant public alarm. Where ventilation systems facilitate disease transmission to humans or animals, there exists a need for control measures that provide effective protection while imposing minimal pressure differential. In the present study, viral aerosols in an airstream were subjected to non-thermal plasma (NTP) exposure within a packed-bed dielectric barrier discharge reactor. Comparisons of plaque assays before and after NTP treatment found exponentially increasing inactivation of aerosolized MS2 phage with increasing applied voltage. At 30?kV and an air flow rate of 170 standard liters per minute, a greater than 2.3 log reduction of infective virus was achieved across the reactor. This reduction represented ~2 log of the MS2 inactivated and ~0.35 log physically removed in the packed bed. Increasing the air flow rate from 170 to 330 liters per minute did not significantly impact virus inactivation effectiveness. Activated carbon-based ozone filters greatly reduced residual ozone, in some cases down to background levels, while adding less than 20 Pa pressure differential to the 45 Pa differential pressure across the packed bed at the flow rate of 170 standard liters per minute.

Some Non-Thermal Plasma Generator Patents:

CN206559711 -- Detachable non -thermal plasma reactor
US2017335731 -- Calibrated Non-Thermal Plasma Systems for Control of Engine Emissions


Fenbendazole vs Cancer:

26 April 201
Oklahoma grandfather who claims a drug for DOGS cured him of 'head-to-toe' cancer is tumor-free two years after doctors gave him three months to live
By Natalie Rahhal

    Joe Tippens, of Oklahoma was diagnosed with late-stage small cell lung cancer in 2016
    By January 2017, it had spread throughout his body
    Joe's life expectancy was three months, but doctors enrolled him in a clinical trial that they hoped could give him up to a year longer
    A veterinarian suggested he try the dog de-worming drug, fenbendazole, which has shown cancer-fighting properties in cell studies
    By May 2017, all cancer had disappeared from Joe's scans
    Now, two years later, he is still cancer free and Oklahoma medical researchers plan to look into Joe's case
    WARNING: There have been no trials of fenbendazole for treating cancer, there may be risks involved and the medication is not recommended by doctors

In January 2017, Joe Tippens was certain that he would die of small cell lung cancer.

But then a veterinarian suggested he try something unconventional, to say the least: a drug for dogs.

The medication, fenbendazole, is an anti-worm compound used to treat hookworms, roundworms and other gut parasites in animals, primarily dogs.

In recent years, studies suggesting anti-worm drugs might have cancer-fighting properties have been cropping up in a growing number of journals.

It's far from a proven treatment, but with three months to live and nothing to lose, Joe decided to take a chance on it.

Joe was diagnosed with small cell lung cancer in 2016, turning his plans upside down, just two days before he was set to move to Switzerland from Oklahoma. 

He kept up a fighting attitude, but in January 2017, he got the news that no one is prepared to hear.

The aggressive cancer was everywhere. It had spread to his liver, pancreas, bladder, stomach, neck and bones.

His PET scan 'lit up like a Christmas tree,' he says on his website.

At that late stage of small cell lung cancer, Joe's odds of survival were less than one percent, and the average life expectancy was three months.

He had a trans-Atlantic move planned. He was expecting a grandson. And now everything had to come to a halt.

Doctors at MD Anderson Cancer Center in Texas told him they wouldn't give up, and would put him in a clinical trial that wouldn't save Joe, but might give him a year or so to live.

He might get to meet his grandson.

'A year (or so) sounds a lot better than 3 months, so I said "let's go for it,"' Joe writes. 

Browsing an online forum for his alma mater, Oklahoma State University, Joe saw a post that caught his eye that same month: 'If you have cancer or know someone who does, give me a shout.'

He did, and from the poster, a veterinarian, he learned that scientists had accidentally discovered that a dog de-worming drug seemed to combat many cancers in mice.

The same scientist that had conducted that research, as it happened, had stage 4 brain cancer, and the same prognosis Joe had been given, according to the vet.

She started popping the dog pills, and within six weeks, as the vet told it, the scientist's cancer was gone.

Joe, who was 'a skeleton with skin hanging off of it' at half his previous weight, he told KOCO 5 News, placed an order of fenbendazole.

His new dosage of dog pills cost just $5 a week. His insurance company had spent '$1.2 million on me with traditional means,' he said.

According to a study published in Nature, the drug compound essentially starves cancer cells and kills them.

It also is, of course, already in production, cheaper, and, according to cell studies and reports from people who have tried it, not very toxic, especially compared to chemo and immunotherapies.

That said, it was a risk.

Joe stayed in the clinical trial (he does not disclose what therapy he received) added vitamin E, CBD, bioavailable curcumin and, of course, the dog medicine.

He didn't mention the de-worming drug to his doctors.

In May, Joe's first grandchild, Luke, was born. Joe was there to meet him.

Two-and-a-half weeks later, he had another PET scan.

'Three months earlier...There was cancer in my body from head to toe. And it was a terrifyingly dangerous metastasis that leaves virtually 100% of its victims dead within 3 months. Here I was 3 months later and the PET scan was completely dark......void of any light.....anywhere,' Joe writes.

He was dumbfounded. His oncologist was dumbfounded, according to Joe's account.

Joe writes that his doctor told him, 'We don't quite know what to make of this as you are the only patient on the clinical trial with this kind of response.'

In September 2017, Joe went for yet another scan, and was still cancer free. At last he told his doctor what he'd been doing outside the hospital.

There was no way at that point to prove that it was the de-worming drug that vanished Joe's cancer, but his doctor did tell him that he was an 'outlier' of the trial, Joe writes.

Joe's final scan was taken in January of 2018, and when he had a follow-up appointment that April, he writes that his oncologist kicked him out of the cancer center - because Joe had no cancer to treat.

His results seem too-good-to-be true, but Joe claims to have collected over 40 examples of similar success stories.

And his results were good enough to pique the interest of the president of the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Dr Stephen Prescott.

'I'm usually skeptical, and I was and maybe still am about this one, but there's interesting background on this' he told KOCO.

Now, Dr Prescott and Joe are working on a case study report, according to KOCO. 

Joe is careful to note that he's not a doctor, and is 'only one man with limited resources.'

'I am not prescribing medicine and I am not qualified to give advice on medical treatments.

BUT.....I am qualified to tell my story to as many people as possible.'  






Field study finds pellet-fed stoves cut pollutant emissions 90 percent, nearing gas-stove performance
by Matt Shipman, North Carolina State University

A study by North Carolina State University researchers finds that a new cookstove design, which makes use of compressed wood pellets, reduces air pollution by about 90% for a range of contaminants associated with health problems and climate change. The findings stem from a Rwanda field study designed to test the performance of the stoves in real-world conditions.

"We wanted to evaluate these new, pellet-fueled stoves, and secured funding from the Clean Cooking Alliance and the Climate and Clean Air Coalition based on our experience conducting field evaluations," says Andy Grieshop, an associate professor of environmental engineering at NC State and corresponding author of a paper on the work.

"There have been numerous attempts to develop cleaner cookstoves for use in developing countries, but while they've often done well in lab testing, they've had disappointing performance when tested in real-world conditions," Grieshop says. "However, we found that the pellet-fed stoves performed well in the field. We saw drastic cuts in pollutant emissions."

The pellet-fueled stoves rely on battery-powered fans to burn the pellets efficiently, reducing pollutant emissions. The stoves come with solar panels for recharging the batteries, making long-term use feasible in areas where plugging a battery charger into the wall isn't an option.

The researchers worked with residents in Rwanda, monitoring air emissions when people prepared food using conventional wood fires, which are common in rural areas; when using conventional charcoal-burning cookstoves, which are common in urban areas; and when using the new pellet-fueled cookstoves.

The researchers tested for a range of air pollutants, including fine particulate matter (PM) and carbon monoxide—both of which pose health risks—and black carbon, which is a major contributor to climate change. A large fraction of global black carbon emissions comes from heating and cooking in homes.

"For the most part, we saw pollutant levels across the board cut by 90% or more using the pellet-burning stoves," Grieshop says.

For example, the researchers found that mean reduction in PM emissions from pellet-fueled stoves was 97% compared to wood fires and 89% compared to charcoal cookstoves. The pellet-fueled stoves are also the first cookstoves that have met the International Organization for Standardization's (ISO) highest standard—Tier 5—for carbon monoxide emissions. The stoves also met stringent emission rate targets for carbon monoxide set by the World Health Organization, though they fell slightly short of the PM emission target.

"The ISO standard was developed with lab testing in mind, and we got these results in the field, which is remarkable," Grieshop says.

"The only exceptions we found to these emission cuts were when a pellet stove was used improperly," Grieshop says. "For example, when people used sticks or other materials to start the fire instead of kerosene, as suggested by the manufacturer, we found higher emissions in roughly 10% of the 59 pellet stove research tests. But even the worst performance from a pellet stove was comparable to the best performance from a wood or charcoal cooking test."

While these results are promising, the real challenge will be whether the pellet-fueled stove concept can be scaled up to meet the demands of millions or billions of people in low- income regions. Test results showing how effective the pellet-fueled stoves are at reducing air pollution are new, but the concept of introducing new cookstoves is not.

"The stoves we tested are essentially provided for free by a company that makes money by selling the necessary wood fuel pellets," Grieshop says. "Anecdotally, we found in Rwanda that the cost of the pellets was comparable to the cost of the charcoal people buy for their cooking needs. However, right now, the fuel pellets are made using sawdust waste from timber operations. We just don't know to what extent that is scalable."

The paper, "Pellet-fed gasifier stoves approach gas-stove like performance during in-home use in Rwanda," is published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology. First author of the paper is Wyatt Champion, a former postdoctoral researcher at NC State who is now at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Environmental Science & Technology (2019).
DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.9b00009
Pellet-fed gasifier stoves approach gas-stove like performance during in-home use in Rwanda
Wyatt M Champion et al.

Sustainable pellet production saving lives
by Karlstad University
Nearly all households in Rwanda burn solid fuels for cooking. A private firm in Rwanda is distributing forced-draft pellet-fed semi-gasifier cookstoves and fuel pellets. We measured in-use emissions of pollutants including fine particulate matter (PM2.5), organic and elemental carbon (OC, EC), black carbon (BC) and carbon monoxide (CO) in 91 uncontrolled cooking tests (UCTs) of both pellet and baseline (wood; charcoal) stoves. We observed >90% reductions in most pollutant emission factors/rates from pellet stoves compared to baseline stoves. Pellet stoves performed far better than gasifier stoves burning unprocessed wood, and consistent with ISO tiers 4 and 5 for PM2.5 and CO, respectively. Pellet stoves were generally clean, but performance varied; emissions from the dirtiest pellet tests matched those from the cleanest traditional stove tests. Our real-time data suggest that events occurring during ignition and the end of testing (e.g., refueling, char burnout) drive high emissions during pellet tests. We use our data to estimate potential health and climate cobenefits from stove adoption. This analysis suggests that pellet stoves have the potential to provide health benefits far above previously tested biomass stoves and approaching modern fuel stoves (e.g., LPG). Net climate impacts of pellet stoves range from similar to LPG to negligible, depending on biomass source and upstream emissions.

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